International Business Contracts: Structures, Negotiation, Conflict Avoidance and Resolution



Mål og innhald

The course starts with an introduction to the technology of drafting agreements. It will show that innovative and successful institutional design does not only depend on a knowledge of the given legal repertoire and "cook
books" but also on a prior consideration of economic incentive theory. We will shortly look at the theoretical premises of economic analysis of institutions, specifically at the theory of incentive compatible contracts, e.g. self-enforcing agreements. We will then turn to the structure and individual clauses of important long-term contracts such as concession agreements, joint ventures, turn-key contracts, franchise agreements. The example of a hypothetical contract for seabed mining will inter alia illustrate the close relation between drafting laws and contracts - and the differences. Moreover, we will explore the techniques of "conflict screening" in large business arrangements where the parties use "filters" for sorting out specific foreseeable contingencies by referring them to expert decision-making bodies before redress to a court may be sought. We conclude with an overview on regulation by consensus between the state and firms and the problem of defining a proper relation between requisite institutional innovation and compliance with existing regulation.


The students should after the course be able to understand the structure and content of complex business contracts and their relations to economic incentives, and to understand the dispute settlement systems in business contracts.

Krav til forkunnskapar

Three years of university studies.

Tilrådde forkunnskapar

Three years of law and/or economic studies. JUS270-2-A Economic Analysis of Law (recommended prerequisite).

Krav til studierett

The course is available for the following students:

  • Admitted to the integrated master programme in law
  • Admitted to the two-year master programme in law
  • Granted admission to elective courses at the Faculty of Law
  • Granted additional right to study following completed master degree in law at UiB
  • Exchange students at the Faculty of Law

The pre-requirements may still limit certain students' access to the course

Undervisningsformer og omfang av organisert undervisning


Obligatorisk undervisningsaktivitet



Exam each semester

Three hour digital school exam.

Information about digital examination can be found here:www.uib.no/en/education/87471/digital-examination


A - E for passed, F for failed.

Exam language:

  • Question paper: English
  • Answer paper: English

Support materials allowed during school exam:

See section 3-5 of the Supplementary Regulations for Studies at the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen.

Special regulations about dictionaries:

  • According to the Regulations for Studies, one dictionary is permitted support material during the examination. Bilingual dictionaries containing for example both Norwegian-English and English-Norwegian are considered as one dictionary.
  • Bilingual dictionaries to/from the same two languages - for example Norwegian-English/English-Norwegian - in two different volumes are also considered as one dictionary (irrespective of publisher or edition).
  • Dictionaries as described above cannot be combined with any other types of dictionaries.
  • Any kind of combination which makes up more than two physical volumes is forbidden.
  • In case a student has a special need for any other combination than the above mentioned, such combination has to be clarified with/approved by the course coordinator minimum two weeks before the exam. Students who have not been granted permission to have a special combination minimum two weeks before the exam will be subject to the usual regulations (Section 3-5) about examination support materials.

Fagleg overlapp

No academic overlapping with courses at the Law Faculty in Bergen.


According to administrative arrangements for evaluating courses at the Law Faculty


  • Vurderingsordning: Skoleeksamen

    4 timer
    Digital eksamen