Semester of Instruction
Objectives and Content
The course gives an introduction to seismic exploration, with main focus on the reflection surveying method, and processing of multichannel seismic reflection 2D data. In the "instrumental" part the physical principles of seismic wave propagation are explained, and the modes of operation of the most used instruments are demonstrated. Concepts such as bubble pulse, ghost, directivity, and signal to noise ratio (SNR) are explained. In the "processing part" analog and digital signals are described in time- and frequency domain, and the Fourier transform, sampling in time and space, and aliasing are explained. The central steps in a standard processing sequence are discussed: CMP-sorting, frequency filtering, deconvolution, velocity analysis, mute, stack and migration.
After completing the course GEOV113 the student should know how to:
- explain the standard marine seismic equipment and how it works
- describe the most common methods to damp bubble pulses
- explain how ghost and directivity may influence the seismic picture.
- explain vertical and horizontal resolution
- describe absorption and geometrical spreading
- explain SNR, and describe different forms of seismic noise
- describe seismic multiples and diffractions, and how the effect of such events may be reduced through processing
- describe the main steps in seismic processing from common shot gathers to stacked and migrated data.
Required Previous Knowledge
Basic principles in geophysics, physics of the solid earth, and mathematics
Forms of Assessment
Written, 4 hours
The grading scale used is A to F. Grade A is the highest passing grade in the grading scale, grade F is a fail.
Student Adviser, Department of Earth Science, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Type of assessment: Written examination
- 4 hours
- Withdrawal deadline