Objectives and Content
The students shall achieve a broad knowledge and understanding of the structure and function of the nervous system as a basis for clinical work. Their competence shall give a fundament for learning about diseases, and for learning to examine and diagnose patients with malfunctions in the nervous system.
The course is for students who need knowledge on the nervous system, focusing on medical students requiring such knowledge as a basis for clinical education and clinical work. Topics will be covered that are necessary for the understanding of the function of the nervous system.
The structure and the function of the nerve cells will be described, and how the nerve cells communicate. It will also be presented how the nervous system is organised in major subdivisions, and how signals are conducted to and from the central nervous system. The different parts of the nervous system are covered systematically, both the sensory organs and systems, and the motor systems and their role in movement. The regulation of behaviour, learning and memory, emotions and sleep are also covered.
The different topics are taught in an integrated manner, where both structure and function is described. The anatomy of the head and neck is part of the course, with the close connection between this area, important sensory organs and the nervous system.
A clinical lecture series is also a part of the course.
Teaching Methods and Extent of Organized Teaching
Lectures (approx. 100 hours in total), laboratory courses, dissection, demonstrations, colloquia and groups, seminars in surface anatomy and clinical examination (approx. 70 hours in total).
Compulsory Assignments and Attendance
Laboratory course in physiology, dissection, histology courses.
Semester of Instruction
Access to the Course
After completion of the course, the student should be able to:
- Describe and explain the structure and function of nerve cells and how they communicate.
- Explain the anatomical architecture and structures of the head and neck.
- Explain the structure and function of sensory organs, sensory systems, and the motor systems incl. structure and function of skeletal muscle cells.
- Describe different methods for assessing structure and function of the nervous system - neuroimaging (MRI, PET) and electrophysiological recordings (EMG, EEG).
- Present the structure and functions of the nervous system.
- Identify important anatomical structures in an anatomical preparation (brain, head, and neck).
- Give examples of brain systems for regulation of behaviour and cognition, and how the brain implements functions such as learning and memory, emotions and sleep.
- Explain structures (nerves and vessels) and functions that might be affected in a patient with a disease process or lesion in a particular region of the CNS / head & neck area and list symptoms and findings that might occur in such a case.
- Make reasoning about symptoms and findings that might occur in a patient with a localised lesion in the nervous system.
Required Previous Knowledge
Forms of Assessment
4 hour written exam. 25 students will be selected by random for an oral/practical exam in the anatomy of the head and neck and brain anatomy (15 minutes each). The oral/practical exam accounts for 25% of the total exam result.
Written evaluation on My Space/Mi side.