Postgraduate course


Semester of Instruction


Objectives and Content

This course gives a formal introduction to electro- and magnetostatics, electromagnetic energy and potentials, calculation techniques, Maxwell¿s equations, gauge invariance and conservation laws. Furthermore an introduction is given to relativistic electrodynamics, electromagnetic waves and different sources of electromagnetic radiation.

Learning Outcomes

At completion of the course, the student shall be able to:

  • Explain the content of Maxwell¿s equations, in physical and mathematical terms.
  • Explain gauge invariance, how the equations are consistent with relativity, and how they predict electromagnetic waves and radiation.
  • Use the physical laws, equations and solution techniques to carry out calculations of relevant quantities.

Required Previous Knowledge

Basic knowledge of minimum 60 ECTS in physics.

Recommended Previous Knowledge

PHYS112, MAT212

Forms of Assessment

Written exam, 4 hours. The exam may be oral, depending on the number of students.

Grading Scale

The grading scale used is A to F. Grade A is the highest passing grade in the grading scale, grade F is a fail.

Exam information

  • Type of assessment: Written examination

    4 hours
    Withdrawal deadline