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  • E-mailAndrea.Bender@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 90 81
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    Christiesgt. 12
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    Postboks 7807
    5020 BERGEN

Key Research Interests: Cognition, language, and culture

Having started out as a cultural anthropologist, I turned to psychology and the cognitive sciences more generally for studying the relationship between culture, language, and cognition, including their (co-)evolution. My main research interests range from conceptual systems to basic processes, and focus on representations of number, spatial and temporal references, causal cognition, or the possible influence of linguistic categories such as grammatical gender on thought. The methods I use in my research include conceptual analyses, ethnography (especially in the Polynesian Kingdom of Tonga) and cross-cultural/linguistic comparisons, as well as psychological and psycholinguistic experiments.

For some of the most surprising findings afforded by this multidisciplinary approach see: on the evolution of numerical cognition, on finger counting, or on a partly binary counting system.

One of my major concerns is promoting exchange with those neighbouring disciplines of psychology that are interested in the same set of fundamental questions, particularly with other cognitive sciences such as anthropology, linguistics, or philosophy, as well as the palaeosciences. This includes the ZiF research group on "The Cultural Constitution of Causal Cognition: Re-Integrating Anthropology into the Cognitive Science") and a debate in Topics in Cognitive Science.

Short descriptions of each topic as well as references to three key publications each are to be found below.

 

Numerical cognition, counting systems, and culture             

Counting is central to human cognition and cultural diversification, as it is one of the key activities that fostered abstraction and symbolic thinking at the dawn of humanity. It depends on cultural tools such as counting systems, the properties of which affect how numbers are represented and processed. Counting systems are thus a prime example of the close dovetailing of culture, language, and cognition, and paradigmatic cases of both distributed and embodied cognition. In our research, we investigate how these systems evolved, developed, and diversified, and which cognitive implications arise from their specific properties.

Spatial and temporal references

Space is fundamental for cognitive activities such as perception, orientation, referencing, or reasoning. Talking about spatial relations requires perspective-taking: the adoption of a frame of reference (FoR). Which FoRs speakers prefer depends on characteristics of the situation and varies across languages and cultures. We investigate whether it also depends on which perspective one has to consider (e.g., aligned or rotated, in one's front or one's back), and to what extent spatial FoRs also guide temporal referencing. Funding for this work has been provided by the DFG and the University of Bergen.

  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Bennardo, G. (2010). Temporal frames of reference: Conceptual analysis and empirical evidence from German, English, Mandarin Chinese, and Tongan. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 10, 283-307.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). Mapping spatial frames of reference onto time: A review of theoretical accounts and empirical findings. Cognition, 132, 342-382.
  • Beller, S., Singmann, H., Hüther, L., & Bender, A. (2015). Turn around to have a look? Spatial referencing in dorsal vs. frontal settings in cross-linguistic comparison. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:1283, 1-17.

Causal cognition, language, and culture

Causal cognition refers to how people perceive, represent, and reason about causal relationships, that is, about the connection between a causing event and its effects. Grasping such relationships is essential to people’s daily lives and hence a core concern of human cognition. But does this render cognitive engagement with causality a universal and uniform phenomenon, or does people’s cultural background affect whether and how they engage in causal cognition? And is the way they assign causality affected by the way events are described? Questions like these lay at the heart of both our ZiF research group and a research project funded by the DFG, and more recently came to include questions on (co-)evolution.

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). Causal asymmetry across cultures: Assigning causal roles in symmetric physical settings. Frontiers in Psychology, 2:231, 1-10.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2016). Probing the cultural constitution of causal cognition—a research program. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:245, 1-6.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D. L. (in press). Causal cognition and culture. In M. R. Waldmann (Ed.), Oxford handbook of causal reasoning. New York: Oxford University Press.

Grammatical gender and its possible cognitive effects

In languages with a formal gender system, all nouns are assigned to one of several classes that determine the declension of associated words. For instance, the moon is masculine in German (der Mond), whereas the sun is feminine (die Sonne). But does this entail that the sun is also conceived of by German speakers as more female than the moon? The question of whether grammatical categorizations like these affect how speakers conceptualise the denoted entities has been controversially debated for decades. In our research, we combine explicit with implicit measures to investigate whether such "gender congruency effects" can be observed and to identify the mechanisms responsible for them.

Anthropology and the cognitive sciences

The past decades have seen anthropology, once a pioneer discipline and a founding member of the cognitive sciences, turning into their “missing discipline” (Boden, 2006). As the two bring complementary expertise to the table – expertise in the cultural content, context, and constitution of cognition on one hand, and expertise on the intricate details of cognitive processing on the other – joining forces is required for tackling the great challenges to research on human cognition. One of my main goals is thus not only to combine these disciplinary approaches in my own research, but to promote the rapprochement of anthropology and the cognitive sciences, for instance by organizing symposia and workshops or by initiating scholarly debates.

Reception in the media (selection)

Evolution of number systems (Beller & Bender, 2008)

Finger counting systems (Bender & Beller, 2012)

Mangarevan binary counting (Bender & Beller, 2014)

 

Die Welt des Denkens (Bender & Beller, 2013)

Teaching

Contribution to the following courses

Course responsible for

Textbooks on

Publications

Submitted / under revision

  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (subm.). Gender congruency from a neutral point of view: The roles of gender classes and gender-indicating articles.
  • Beller, S., Rothe-Wulf, A., Kuhnmünch, G., & Bender, A. (subm.). Assigning physical causality: A question of assessment, agency, and culture.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (subm.). Agents and patients in physical settings: Is the assignment of causal roles affected by linguistic cues?

Accepted / in press

  • Beller, S., &  Bender, A. (accepted). How relative is the relative frame of reference? Front and back in Norwegian, Farsi, German, and Japanese. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., Sjåfjell, K., Rothe-Wulf, A., & Beller, S. (accepted). Representing time in terms of space: Directions of mental timelines in Norwegian. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (accepted). Anthropological contributions to cognitive science. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A. (subm). Wie Sprache und Kultur unser Denken beeinflussen [How language and culture affect our way of thinking]. Nova Acta Leopoldina.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (accepted). Causal cognition. In H. Callan (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (accepted). Cognition and emotion. In H. Callan (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (accepted). Ethnomathematics and numerical cognition. In H. Callan (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (accepted). Numeration systems as cultural tools for numerical cognition. In D. Berch, D. Geary, & K. Mann Koepke (Eds.), Mathematical cognition and learning: The role of linguistic and cultural factors in mathematical cognitive development.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (accepted). Speech act of promising across cultures. In The International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Bender, A. (accepted). Sprache. In A. Kiesel & H. Spada (Eds.), Lehrbuch Allgemeine Psychologie [General psychology]. Göttingen: Hogrefe. [4th ed., 2017]
  • Bender, A. (in press). Kognitionsethnologie. In B. Beer, H. Fischer, & J. Pauli (Eds.), Ethnologie. Berlin: Reimer [9th, rev. ed.].

2017

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2017). The power of 2: How an apparently irregular numeration system facilitates mental arithmetic. Cognitive Science, 41, 158–187.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2017). Number systems in Oceania: The cultural evolution of a cognitive tool. In J. Adams, P. Barmby, & A. Mesoudi (Eds.), The nature and development of mathematics: Cross disciplinary perspectives on cognition, learning and culture. London: Routledge.
  • Beller, S., &  Bender, A. (2017). Theory, the final frontier? A corpus-based analysis of the role of theory in psychological articles. Frontiers in Psychology: Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 8:951, 1-16. [pdf]
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D. L. (2017). Causal cognition and culture. In M. R. Waldmann (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of causal reasoning (pp. 717-738). New York: Oxford University Press.

2016

  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (2016). Crossing grammar and biology for gender categorizations: Investigating the gender congruency effect in generic nouns for animates. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 28(5), 530-558.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (2016). Lady Liberty and Godfather Death as candidates for linguistic relativity? Scrutinizing the gender congruency effect on personified allegories with explicit and implicit measures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(1), 48-64.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2016). Current perspectives on cognitive diversity. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 7:509, 1-7. [pdf].
  • Beller, S., Bohlen, J., Hüther, L., & Bender, A. (2016). Perspective taking in referring to objects behind versus in front of an observer: Frames of reference, intraindividual consistency, and response latencies. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(7), 1384-1408.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2016). Probing the cultural constitution of causal cognition – a research program. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 7:245, 1-6. [pdf]
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., Caldwell, C. A., Christiansen, M. H., Overmann, K. A., & Smith, K. (2016). The cultural evolution of cognition [symposium]. In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman, & J. C. Trueswell (Eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 43-44). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., & Hanus, D. (2016). Die sozio-kulturelle Matrix menschlicher Wahrnehmung. In G. Hartung & M. Herrgen (Eds.), Jahrbuch Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie (pp. 51-58). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.

2015

  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (Eds.) (2015). Exploring cognitive diversity: Anthropological perspectives on cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7(4).
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). Exploring cognitive diversity: Anthropological perspectives on cognition [Introduction]. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 548-551.
  • Bender, A., Schlimm, D., & Beller, S. (2015). The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: A representational analysis of verbal numeration systems in Oceanic languages. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 552-569.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Nersessian, N. J. (2015). Diversity as asset. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 677-688.
  • Bender, A. (2015). (Co-)evolution of numerical cognition and its tools. [Comment on "Numerosity structures the expression of quantity in lexical numbers and grammatical number"]. Current Anthropology, 56, 645-646.
  • Beller, S., Brattebø, K. F., Lavik, K. O., Reigstad, R. D., & Bender, A. (2015). Culture or language: What drives effects of grammatical gender? Cognitive Linguistics, 26, 331-359.
  • Rothe-Wulf, A., Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). Temporal frames of reference in three Germanic languages: Individual consistency, interindividual consensus, and cross-linguistic variability. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 917-939.
  • Beller, S., Singmann, H., Hüther, L., & Bender, A. (2015). Turn around to have a look? Spatial referencing in dorsal vs. frontal settings in cross-linguistic comparison. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, 6:1283, 1-17. [pdf].
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). How contrast situations affect the assignment of causality in symmetric physical settings. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, 5:1497, 1-10. [pdf].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2015). The mutual challenge of anthropology and cognitive science. Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale, 23 (2), 199-200.
  • Beer, B., & Bender, A. (2015). Causal inferences about others' behavior among the Wampar, Papua New Guinea - and why they are hard to elicit. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Science, 6:128, 1-14. [pdf].
  • Wassmann, J., & Bender, A. (2015). Cognitive anthropology. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences (2nd ed., vol. 4, pp. 16-22). Oxford: Elsevier.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). Causality and agency across cultures and languages [symposium]. In D. C. Noelle, R. Dale, A. S. Warlaumont, J. Yoshimi, T. Matlock, C. D. Jennings, & P. P. Maglio (Eds.), Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 21-22). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

2014 - 2012

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 111(4), 1322-1327. [pdf]
    see also comments by Adrian Viliami Bell, Philip Ball on nature.com, Ingrid Spilde on forskning.no
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). Mapping spatial frames of reference onto time: A review of theoretical accounts and empirical findings. Cognition, 132, 342-382.
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Waldmann, M. (Eds.) (2014). Diversity and universality in causal cognition. Frontiers in Cognitive Science.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). The role of culture and language for numerical cognition [symposium]. In M. P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (64-65). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Die Welt des Denkens: Kognitive Einheit, kulturelle Vielfalt [The world of reasoning: Cognitive unity, cultural diversity]. Bern: Huber.
  • Bender, A. (2013). Two accounts of traditional Mangarevan counting ... and how to evaluate them. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 122(3), 275-287.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Of adding oranges and apples: How non-abstract representations may foster abstract numerical cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7:903, 1-3.[pdf].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Cognition is ... fundamentally cultural. Behavioral Sciences, 3(1), 42-54.[pdf].
  • Röttger-Rössler, B., & Bender, A. (2013). Sozial- und Kulturanthropologie / Kognitionsethnologie. In A. Stephan & S. Walter (Hrsg.), Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft (S. 35-41). Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (Eds.) (2013). Exploring cognitive diversity across disciplines and cultures [symposium]. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 67-68). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [pdf].
  • Hüther, L., Bentz, A., Spada, H., Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Influences beyond language? A comparison of spatial referencing in native French speakers from four countries. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2602-2607). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [pdf].
  • Bender, A. (2013). Kognitionsethnologie. In B. Beer & H. Fischer (Eds.), Ethnologie: Einführung und Überblick (pp. 287-307). Berlin: Reimer [8th ed.].
  • Träuble, B., Bender, A., & Konieczny, C. (2013). Human social cognition - the theory of mind research. In J. Wassmann, B. Träuble, & J. Funke (Eds.), Theory of mind in the Pacific: Reasoning across cultures (pp. 13-37). Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2012). Nature and culture of finger counting: Diversity and representational effects of an embodied cognitive tool. Cognition, 124, 156-182. [pdf].
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D. L. (Eds.) (2012). Does cognitive science need anthropology? Topics in Cognitive Science, 4(3).
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Medin, D. L. (2012). Should anthropology be part of cognitive science? Topics in Cognitive Science, 4(3), 342-353.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D.L. (2012). Turning tides: Prospects for more diversity in cognitive science. Topics in Cognitive Science, 4(3), 462-466.
  • Bender, A., Rothe-Wulf, A., Hüther, L., & Beller, S. (2012). Moving forward in space and time: How strong is the conceptual link between spatial and temporal frames of reference? Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 3:486, 1-11.[pdf].
  • Bender, A., Spada, H., Rothe-Wulf, A., Traber, S., & Rauss, K. (2012). Anger elicitation in Tonga and Germany: The impact of culture on cognitive determinants of emotions. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 3:435, 1-20. [pdf].
  • Bender, A. (2012). Kognitionsethnologie. In B. Beer & H. Fischer (Eds.), Ethnologie: Einführung und Überblick (pp. 287-307). Berlin: Reimer [7th ed.].
  • Bender, A. (2012). Niko Besnier: “On the edge of the global: Modern anxieties in a Pacific Island nation” [Book Review]. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 18, 915-916.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2012). Competent deontic reasoning: The abstract deontic selection task revisited.  In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 114-119). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [pdf].
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., Duda, S., Hagmayer, Y., Schroven, A., Stenning, K., & Wiese, H. (2012). The cultural constitution of causal cognition: Cross-disciplinary perspectives from the ZiF research group. In U. Schmid, M. Siebers, C.-C. Carbon, M. Raab, J. Rüsseler, T. Gross, C. Schlieder & D. Dörner (Eds.), Proceedings of KogWis 2012 (pp. 22–25). Bamberg: University of Bamberg Press.

2011 - 2009

  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (2011). Grammatical gender in German - a case for linguistic relativity? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1821-1835. [pdf].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). Fingers as a tool for counting - naturally fixed or culturally flexible? Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, 2:256, 1-3.[pdf].
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2011). Explicating numerical information: When and how fingers support (or hinder) number comprehension and handling. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, 2:214, 1-3. [pdf].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). Causal asymmetry across cultures: Assigning causal roles in symmetric physical settings. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 2:231, 1-10. [pdf].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). Space (and time) for culture [symposium]. In L. Carlson, C. Hölscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.1338-1339). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [pdf].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). Cultural variation in numeration systems and their mapping onto the mental number line. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42 (4), 579-597. [pdf]
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). The cultural constitution of cognition: Taking the anthropological perspective. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Science, 2:67, 1-6. [pdf]
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2011). Numerical cognition and ethnomathematics. In D. B. Kronenfeld, G. Bennardo, V. C. de Munck, & M. D. Fischer (Eds.), A companion to cognitive anthropology (pp. 270-289). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Bender, A., Hutchins, E., & Medin, D. L. (2010). Anthropology in cognitive science. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2, 374-385. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Bennardo, G. (2010). Temporal frames of reference: Conceptual analysis and empirical evidence from German, English, Mandarin Chinese, and Tongan. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 10, 283-307. [Fulltext]Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2010). Allgemeine Psychologie - Denken und Sprache. Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • Bender, A., & Röttger-Rössler, B. (Eds.) (2010). Ethnologie und Kognitionswissenschaften im Dialog [Special Issue]. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 135 (2).
  • Bender, A., & Röttger-Rössler, B. (2010). Ethnologie und Kognitionswissenschaften im Dialog. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 135, 177-183. [pdf from JSTOR]
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2010). Die Ethnologie - eine tragende Säule im Gebäude der Kognitionswissenschaften? Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 135, 185-198. [pdf from JSTOR]
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2010). Kognitionsethnologie und Kognitionspsychologie: Synergien nutzen. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 135, 233-248. [pdf from JSTOR]
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2010). Bridging the gap: From cognitive anthropology to cognitive science [symposium]. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2767-2768). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [Fulltext].
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Song, J. (2009). Weighing up physical causes: Effects of culture, linguistic cues and content. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 9, 347-365. [Fulltext]
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Song, J. (2009). Conditional promises and threats in Germany, China, and Tonga: Cognition and emotion. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 9, 115-139. [Fulltext]Bender, A., &
  • Beller, S. (2009). Mathematical cognition and its cultural dimension [symposium]. In N. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2079-2080). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [Fulltext].
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2009). Universitäre Lehre nach dem Prinzip «Erarbeiten, Vertiefen, Anwenden»: Ein Vergleich von EVA-Seminaren mit Referate-Seminaren. In M. Krämer, S. Preiser & K. Brusdeylins (Hrsg.), Psychologiedidaktik und Evaluation VII (pp. 225-233). Aachen: Shaker.
  • Bender, A. (2009). Heiliger Zorn im "Paradies"? Emotionen im Kulturvergleich. In A. Wagner (Hg.), Anthropologische Aufbrüche (S. 297-318). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

2008 - 2006

  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2008). The limits of counting: Numerical cognition between evolution and culture. Science, 319, 213-215. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A. (2008). Die Ausdehnung des kognitiven Raums durch kulturelle Werkzeuge. Erwägen Wissen Ethik, 19, 163-164.
  • Bender, A. (2008). Vom Eigenen zum Fremden: Zuschreibungen an andere Personen und in anderen Kulturen. In R. I. Schubotz (Ed.), Other Minds: Die Gedanken und Gefühle Anderer (pp. 175-190). Paderborn: Mentis-Verlag.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2008). Extending the limits of counting in Oceania: Adapting tools for numerical cognition to cultural needs. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 821-826). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A. (2008). Meshing a tight net: A cultural response to the threat of open access fishing grounds. In M. J. Casimir (Ed.), Culture and the changing environment: Uncertainty, cognition, and risk management in cross-cultural perspective (pp. 197-218). Oxford: Berghahn. [also published as paperback in 2009]
  • Nerb, J., Bender, A., & Spada, H. (2008). Attributed causes of environmental problems: A cross-cultural study of coping strategies. In M. J. Casimir (Ed.), Culture and the changing environment: Uncertainty, cognition, and risk management in cross-cultural perspective (pp. 107-123). Oxford: Berghahn. [also published as paperback in 2009]
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2007). Spezifische Zahlsysteme in Tonga: Kognitive Grundlagen, historische Wurzeln und kulturelle Adaptation. Freiburg: Kleine Schriftenreihe des F.I.P.S., Heft 8.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2007). Numeral classifiers in specific counting systems: Cultural context, linguistic principles, and cognitive implications. In D. S. McNamara & J. G. Trafton (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 821-826). New York: Lawrence Erlbaum. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., Spada, H., Swoboda, H., Traber, S., & Rauss, K. (2007). Anger in a just world? The impact of cultural concepts on cognition and emotion. In D. S. McNamara & J. G. Trafton (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 101-106). New York: Lawrence Erlbaum. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2007). Counting in Tongan: The traditional number systems and their cognitive implications. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 7, 213-239. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., Spada, H., Seitz, S., Swoboda, H., & Traber, S. (2007). Anger and rank in Tonga and Germany: Cognition, emotion, and context. Ethos, 35, 196-234. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A. (2007). Changes in social orientation: Threats to a cultural institution in marine resource exploitation in Tonga. Human Organization, 66, 11-21. [Fulltext].
  • Kronen, M., & Bender, A. (2007). Assessing marine resource exploitation in Lofanga, Tonga: One case study - two approaches. Human Ecology, 35, 195-207. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2006). Cultural impacts on cognition [symposium]. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 2657). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2006). "Fanciful" or genuine? Bases and high numerals in Polynesian number systems. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 115, 7-46. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2006). Numeral classifiers and counting systems in Polynesian and Micronesian languages: Common roots and cultural adaptations. Oceanic Linguistics, 45, 380-403. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., Spada, H., Swoboda, H., & Traber, S. (2006). Responsibility for bad deeds - and for good? The impact of cultural attribution tendencies on cognition and emotion. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 65-70). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [Fulltext].

2005 - 2003

  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Kuhnmünch, G. (2005). Understanding conditional promises and threats. Thinking and Reasoning, 11, 209-238. [Fulltext].
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2005). The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: An analysis of Polynesian number systems. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 214-219). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., Bennardo, G., & Beller, S. (2005). Spatial frames of reference for temporal relations: A conceptual analysis in English, German, and Tongan. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 220-225). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [Fulltext].
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2004). Cultural differences in the cognition and emotion of conditional promises and threats: Comparing Germany and Tonga. In K. D. Forbus, D. Gentner, & T. Regier (Eds.), Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 85-90). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Bender, A. (2004). Die zweite Besiedlung Ozeaniens. In Faszination Weltgeschichte: Wie wir wurden, was wir sind. Band 1: Völker, Staaten und Kulturen (S. 38-39). Gütersloh, München: Wissen Media Verlag.
  • Bender, A. (2004). Die Religionen Ozeaniens. In Faszination Weltgeschichte: Wie wir wurden, was wir sind. Band 2: Religionen und Glaubensformen (S. 80-81). Gütersloh, München: Wissen Media Verlag.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2003). Polynesian tapu in the 'deontic square': A cognitive concept, its linguistic expression and cultural context. In R. Alterman & D. Kirsh (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 127-132). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

2002 - 2000

  • Bender, A. (2002). Environmental models, cultural values, and emotions: Implications for marine resource use in Tonga. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 11, 58-62. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A. (2002). "Tragödie des Fischfangs" in Tonga? Die Bedeutung kultureller Institutionen bei der Gemeingutnutzung ["Tragedy of fishing" in Tonga? The significance of cultural institutions for common pool resources]. Zeitschrift Umweltpsychologie, 6, 26-41.
  • Bender, A., Kägi, W., & Mohr, E. (2002). Informal insurance and sustainable management of common-pool marine resources in Ha'apai, Tonga. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 50, 427-439. [Fulltext].
  • Bender, A., Spada, H., & Seitz, S. (2001). Verantwortungszuschreibung und Ärger: Emotionale Situationsbewertung (appraisal) in polynesischen und 'westlichen' Kulturen. [Ascription of responsibility and anger: Emotional appraisal in Polynesian and 'Western' cultures]. Freiburg: Forschungsberichte des Psychologischen Instituts der Universität Freiburg; Nr.153 [download from Psychologisches Institut: Forschungsberichte].
  • Bender, A. (2001). Fischer im Netz: Strategien der Ressourcennutzung und Konfliktbewältigung in Ha'apai, Tonga [Fisher in the net: Strategies of resource use and conflict management in Ha'apai, Tonga (with English summary)]. Herbolzheim: Centaurus.
  • Bender, A. (2001). "God will send us the fish": Perception and evaluation of an environmental risk in Ha'apai, Tonga. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy, 9, 165-190.
  • Bender, A. (2001). Die 'Tabu-Falle': Über die Ambivalenz religiös motivierter Verhaltensregeln zum Artenschutz [The 'taboo trap': The ambivalence of religiously motivated guidelines for species protection (with English abstract)]. In D. Büchner & Freiburger Institut für Paläowissenschaftliche Studien (Eds.), Studien in memoriam Wilhelm Schüle (pp. 27-39). Rahden: Verlag Marie Leidorf.
  • Bender, A., Noack, J., & Schuster, S. (2000). Grenzen einer Inselwelt: Nutzung endemischer Arten zwischen Overkill und Artenschutz [Limits of an island world: Exploitation of endemic species between overkill and species protection (with English abstract)]. Freiburg: Kleine Schriftenreihe des F.I.P.S., Heft 5.
  • Bender, A. (2000). Sharing fishing grounds and sharing food: How a cultural institution helps to protect an open access resource. In VIII Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property (IASCP), Bloomington/Indiana, May 31 - June 4, 2000: Papers & Abstracts [CD-ROM]. Bloomington, IN: Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis. [Fulltext].

1999 - 1997

  • Ernst, A. M., Eisentraut, R., Bender, A., Kägi, W., Mohr, E., & Seitz, S. (1998). Stabilisierung der Kooperation im Allmende-Dilemma durch institutionelle und kulturelle Rahmenbedingungen [Stabilizing cooperation in a commons dilemma through institutional and cultural settings]. GAIA, 7, 271-278.
  • Bender, A. (1998). Factors of sustainability in Palau and New Zealand. Marine Studies Technical Report, 98, 126-140 [Special Issue on Fisheries and Marine Resources, ed. by J. Seeto & N. Bulai, Suva, Fiji].
  • Bender, A. (1997). Beute unter Tabu: Traditionelles Umweltverhalten in Mikronesien und Polynesien [Prey under taboo: Traditional environmental behaviour in Micronesia and Polynesia]. Freiburg: Verlag Wissenschaft & Öffentlichkeit.
Journal articles
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2017. The power of 2: How an apparently irregular numeration system facilitates mental arithmetic. Cognitive science. 41: 158-187. doi: 10.1111/cogs.12337
  • Beller, Sieghard; Bohlen, Judith; Hüther, Lisa; Bender, Andrea. 2016. Perspective taking in referring to objects behind versus in front of an observer: Frames of reference, intraindividual consistency, and response latencies. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69: 1384-1408. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1083593
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2016. Current perspectives on cognitive diversity. Frontiers in Psychology. 7. 7 pages. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00509
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2016. Probing the cultural constitution of causal cognition – a research program. Frontiers in Psychology. 7: 1-6. doi: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00245
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard; Klauer, Karl Christoph. 2016. Lady Liberty and Godfather Death as candidates for linguistic relativity? Scrutinizing the gender congruency effect on personified allegories with explicit and implicit measures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69: 48-64. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1021701
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard; Klauer, Karl Christoph. 2016. Crossing grammar and biology for gender categorisations: investigating the gender congruency effect in generic nouns for animates. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 28: 530-558. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2016.1148042
  • Bender, Andrea; Hanus, Daniel. 2016. Die sozio-kulturelle Matrix menschlicher Wahrnehmung. Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie. 4: 51-58. Published 2016-10-31.
  • Beer, Bettina; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Causal inferences about others' behavior among the Wampar, Papua New Guinea - and why they are hard to elicit. Frontiers in Psychology. 6:128. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00128
  • Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea. 2015. How contrast situations affect the assignment of causality in symmetric physical settings. Frontiers in Psychology. 5: 1-10. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01497
  • Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Exploring cognitive diversity: Anthropological perspectives on cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science. 7: 548-551. doi: 10.1111/tops.12160
  • Beller, Sieghard; Brattebø, Karen Fadnes; Lavik, Kristina Osland; Reigstad, Rakel Drønen; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Culture or language: what drives effects of grammatical gender? Cognitive Linguistics. 26: 331-359. doi: 10.1515/cog-2014-0021
  • Beller, Sieghard; Singmann, Henrik; Hüther, Lisa; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Turn around to have a look? Spatial referencing in dorsal versus frontal settings in cross-linguistic comparison. Frontiers in Psychology. 6: 1-17. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01283
  • Bender, Andrea. 2015. (Co-)evolution of numerical cognition and its tools. [Comment on “Numerosity structures the expression of quantity in lexical numbers and grammatical number”]. Current Anthropology. 56: 645-646.
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2015. The mutual challenge of anthropology and cognitive science. Social Anthropology. 23: 199-200. doi: 10.1111/1469-8676.12116
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard; Nersessian, Nancy J. 2015. Diversity as asset. Topics in Cognitive Science. 7: 677-688. doi: 10.1111/tops.12161
  • Bender, Andrea; Schlimm, Dirk; Beller, Sieghard. 2015. The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: A representational analysis of verbal numeration systems in Oceanic languages. Topics in Cognitive Science. 7: 552-569. doi: 10.1111/tops.12165
  • Rothe-Wulf, Annelie; Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Temporal frames of reference in three Germanic languages: Individual consistency, interindividual consensus, and cross-linguistic variability. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 68: 917-939. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2014.970205
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2014. Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 111: 1322-1327. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1309160110
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2014. Mapping spatial frames of reference onto time: A review of theoretical accounts and empirical findings. Cognition. 132: 342-382. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.03.016
  • Bender, Andrea. 2013. Two accounts of traditional Mangarevan counting … and how to evaluate them. The Journal of the Polynesian Society. 122: 275-287.
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2013. Of adding oranges and apples: how non-abstract representations may foster abstract numerical cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00903
Book sections
  • Wassmann, Juerg; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Cognitive anthropology. chapter, pages 16-22. In:
    • Wright, James D. 2015. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences(Second Edition). Elsevier. 2000 pages. ISBN: 978-0-08-097087-5.
  • Röttger-Rössler, Birgitt; Bender, Andrea. 2013. Sozial- und Kulturanthropologie / Kognitionsethnologie. Chapter, pages 35-41. In:
    • Stephan, Achim; Walter, Sven. 2013. Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft. 582 pages. ISBN: 978-3-476-02331-5.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Brief CV

Education

  • Habilitation, Psychology (University of Freiburg, 2008)
  • Ph.D. (Dr. rer. nat.), Cultural Anthropology (University of Freiburg, 2000)
  • M.A., Anthropology, Slavistics, and Psychology (University of Freiburg, 1995)

Academic positions & research visits, and fellowships/awards

  • since 2013: Associate Professor for General Psychology, Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen
  • 2010 2013: Chair of the international Research Group The cultural constitution of causal cognition: Reintegrating anthropology into the cognitive sciences, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research ZiF, Bielefeld
  • 2010 & 2011: Research visits, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen
  • 2009 2013: Professor-equivalent position, Department of Psychology, U Freiburg (funded by a Heisenberg Fellowship, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG)
  • 2008 2009: Postdoc position, Department of Psychology, U Freiburg
  • 2003 2008: Postdoc Fellowship, Margarete-von-Wrangell, State Baden-Württemberg
  • 1996 2003: Research fellow and/or lecturer positions, Department of Psychology, U Freiburg

Fellowships/awards & Commissions of Trust (selection)

  • 2011 – present: Governing board of the Cognitive Science Society
  • 2010: Excellency Database AcademiaNet of the Robert-Bosch-Stiftung
  • 2010 – 2013: Advisory board, Freiburg Institute for Palaeoscientific Studies, U Freiburg
  • 2009 2013: Heisenberg Fellowship, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
  • 2001: Carl-Theodor-Kromer-Award of the Faculty of Geosciences, U Freiburg, for PhD thesis
  • 1996 1997: Ph.D. Scholarship of the Landesgraduiertenförderung Baden-Württemberg

Membership in scientific societies

  • Association for Psychological Science (APS)
  • Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania (ASAO) (fellow since 2008)
  • Cognitive Science Society (CSS) (member of governing board since 2011)
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPs)
  • Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaft (GK)
  • Society for Anthropological Sciences (SASci)
  • Swedish Cognitive Science Society (SweCog)

Ongoing projects

2016: The cultural dimension of numerical cognition (funding: UiB, Strategic Programme for International Research and Education / SPIRE)

2016: Reconstructing the emergence and evolution of cognitive tools: New methods for analysing complex data (funding: UiB, Små Driftsmidler / Småforsk)

 

Ongoing, but located at the University of Freiburg (Germany)

2013-2016: Spatial references in cross-linguistic comparison: Cultural preferences and cognitive implications (PIs: A. Bender, S. Beller; funding: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG)