Home
  • E-mailEdvard.Hviding@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 92 64+47 466 33 848
  • Visitor Address
    Fosswinckelsgt. 6
    Room 
    828
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 BERGEN

Professor Edvard Hviding carries out long-term research on the Melanesian South Pacific and is the founding director of the Bergen Pacific Studies Research Group. Hviding presently (2012-15) is the scientific coordinator of the European Consortium for Pacific Studies (ECOPAS), and during 2008-12 he was director of the international collaborative research programme Pacific Alternatives: Cultural Heritage and Political Innovation in Oceania. Since 1986, Hviding has been engaged in long-term anthropological research in Solomon Islands, where he has carried out more than three years of fieldwork mainly in the Marovo Lagoon area of Western Province, from bases in the villages of Chea (on Marovo Island) and Tamaneke (in northern Marovo). He has also visited many other parts of Western Province and Solomon Islands more widely in connection with his work during the 1990s for ICLARM (now the World Fish Centre), and has carried out consultancy work on traditional marine resource management in a number of other Pacific Islands nations. Hviding’s enduring research interests cover a range of interrelated topics such as fishing, agroforestry and the customary tenure of sea and land; kinship and social organization; cultural history and languages of New Georgia; indigenous environmental knowledge and epistemology; leadership and customary law; and the local manifestations and consequences of globalization (including the development initiatives of the Christian Fellowship Church). He has published widely on these aspects of his research, in the form of many articles and book chapters and two monographs, Guardians of Marovo Lagoon (1996) and Islands of Rainforest (2000, with Tim Bayliss-Smith).

Hviding also carries out activities that connect his anthropological and linguistic work with rural educational needs in Marovo Lagoon, as shown by the three multilingual books he has published in Marovo and other New Georgian languages (as well as English) and distributed to schools and villages around Marovo and northern New Georgia and at Gizo. Currently this aspect of his work takes place in the context of UNESCO and Solomon Islands Government projects on vernacular education, and has involved the distribution of his book Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon (2005) as a locally informed teaching tool to many schools affected by the 2007 earthquake and tsunami. With professional film producers and in cooperation with the Solomon Islands National Museum, Hviding has co-directed and co-produced several anthropological documentary films based on his research in Marovo, including Chea’s Great Kuarao, which has been widely screened in Solomon Islands.

Hviding leads the Bergen Pacific Studies Research Group based at his university, and coordinates the international research programme Pacific Alternatives: Cultural Heritage and Political Innovation in Oceania with institutional partners in the Pacific (including the national museums of Solomon Islands and Vanuatu), Australia, the United States and Europe. This programme explores the possibilities for building a network of rural fieldworkers in several provinces of the Solomons, including prospects for reviving the cultural sector of the Western Province government. With Dr. Graham Baines, Hviding developed the “Bergen Initiative” after the earthquake and tsunami that hit the Western Solomons in 2007, in an attempt to connect the accumulated, mainly overseas scholarship on the Western Solomons to urgent and more long-term practical needs in that part of Solomon Islands. The establishment of the Western Solomons Research Database, in dialogue with Western Province leaders, is a major outcome of this initiative.

Books
  • Hviding, Edvard; White, Geoffrey. 2015. Pacific Alternatives: Cultural Politics in Contemporary Oceania. Sean Kingston Publishing. 295 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-38-6.
  • Hviding, Edvard; White, Geoffrey. 2015. Pacific Alternatives: Cultural politics in contemporary Oceania. Sean Kingston Publishing. 285 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-38-6.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Berg, Cato. 2014. The Ethnographic Experiment: A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908. Berghahn Books. 320 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78238-342-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2011. Reef and Rainforest: An Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands / Kiladi oro vivineidi ria tingitonga pa idere oro pa goana pa Marovo (2nd Revised Version). Unesco. 248 pages. ISBN: 92-990041-0-2.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Rio, Knut Mikjel. 2011. Made in Oceania : social movements, cultural heritage and the state in the Pacific. Sean Kingston Publishing. 352 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-06-5.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2005. Reef and Rainforest: An Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands / Kiladi oro vivineidi ria tingitonga pa idere oro pa goana pa Marovo. Unesco. 252 pages. ISBN: 92-990041-0-2.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2001. Stier, strømmer og steder: Spesialnummer av Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. Universitetsforlaget. 152 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Bayliss-Smith, Tim. 2000. Islands of Rainforest: Agroforestry, Logging and Ecotourism in Solomon Islands. Ashgate. ISBN: 0-7546-1233-3.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1996. Guardians of Marovo Lagoon: Practice, Place, and Politics in Maritime Melanesia. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN: 0-8248-1664-1.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Kiladi oro vivineidi tongania ria tingitonga pu ko pa idere oro pa goana pa Marovo / Of Reef and Rainforest: A Dictionary of Environment and Resources in Marovo Lagoon. 208 pages. ISBN: 82-7453-012-8.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Katiga vivinei tuari pa Ulusaghe: Stories and legends from Marovo, New Georgia, in four New Georgian languages and with English translations. 88 pages. ISBN: 82-7453-013-6.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Jul-Larsen, Eyolf. 1995. Community-Based Resource Management in Tropical Fisheries. 61 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. The Rural Context of Giant Clam Mariculture in Solomon Islands: An Anthropological Study. 93 pages. ISBN: 971-8709-39-8.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1989. "All things in our sea": The dynamics of customary marine tenure, Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands.". 30 pages. ISBN: 9980-75-021-9.
Journal articles
  • Bayliss-Smith, Tim; Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Landesque capital as an alternative to food storage in Melanesia: Irrigated taro terraces in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Environmental Archaeology. 20: 425-436. doi: 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000049
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Big Money in the Rural: Wealth and Dispossession in Western Solomons Political Economy. Journal of Pacific History. 50: 473-485. doi: 10.1080/00223344.2015.1101818
  • Hviding, Edvard; Kleiven, Helga Flesche. 2015. Danser om dødsfrykten: klimaskeptikere har dårlige kår på øyene som trues av utslettelse (kronikk). Bergens Tidende. 46-46. Published 2015-05-29.
  • Papataxiarchis, Evthymios; Kuper, Adam; Gregory, Chris; Miller, Daniel; Meyer, Birgit; Ingold, Tim; Nic Craith, Mairead; de Pina-Cabral, Joao; Eriksen, Thomas Hylland; Wade, Peter; Jiménez, Alberto Corsin; Okely, Judith; Dawson, Andrew; Maguire, Mark; Wulff, Helena; Siniscalchi, Valeria; Cervinkova, Hana; Favero, Paolo; Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Forum rethinking Euro-anthropology. Social Anthropology. 23: 330-364. doi: 10.1111/1469-8676.12216
  • Bayliss-Smith, Tim; Hviding, Edvard. 2014. Landesque capital as an alternative to food storage in Melanesia: taro terraces in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Environmental Archaeology. doi: 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000049
  • Furevik, Tore; Hviding, Edvard; Keenlyside, Noel. 2014. “Svakere vinder kan redde Sydhavsøyene – enn så lenge”. Bergens Tidende. 16-17. Published 2014-09-29.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2014. Posthumanistiske antropologer? ANTropologiens lukkede rom. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 25: 38-42.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2014. "Truet av havet". To Grader. 2: 22-23.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2013. Sciences in the Plural: The UNESCO Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Journal of Pacific Studies. 32: 128-143.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2007. Pacific Pioneers: Early Norwegian settlers and traders in the Solomon Islands. National Express Newspaper. 2 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2006. Knowing and Managing Biodiversity in the Pacific Islands: Challenges of Environmentalism in Marovo Lagoon. International Social Science Journal. 58: 69-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00602.x
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2004. Contested rainforests, NGOs, and projects of desire in Solomon Islands. International Social Science Journal. 55: 539-+.
  • Bayliss-Smith, Tim; Hviding, Edvard; Whitmore, Tim. 2003. Rainforest Composition and Histories of Disturbance in Solomon Islands. Ambio. 32: 346-352.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. CA* Comment on Aswani and Sheppard, "The archaeology and ethnohistory of exchange in precolonial and colonial Roviana". Current Anthropology. 44: S72-S73.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. Fieldwork with Bob: "The first man to dive all night". Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Bulletin. Special Edition: 19-21.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. Contested rainforests, NGOs and projects of desire in Solomon Islands. International Social Science Journal. 55: 539-553.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. Between Knowledges: Pacific Studies and Academic Disciplines. The Contemporary Pacific. 15: 43-74.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. Review of Judith A. Bennett (2000), PACIFIC FOREST: A History of Resource Control and Contest in Solomon Islands, c. 1800-1997. Pacific Affairs. 76: 160-161.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2002. Langsiktig arbeid i ekspanderende felt: en fortelling om komprimert globalisering i Melanesia. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 13: 220-227.
  • Johannes, R.E.; Hviding, Edvard. 2002. Le savoir traditionnel des pêcheurs du lagon de Marovo (Îles Salomon) concernant le comportement grégaire des poissons. Ressources Marines et Traditions, Bulletin d’Information. 12: 24-31.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2001. Book review: Tradition, Trade and Woodcarving in Solomon Islands, by Jari Kupiainen, 2000. Suomen Antropologi. 26: 47-50.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2001. Book review, Pacific Answers to Western Hegemony: Cultural Practices of Identity Construction, Jürg Wassmann (ed.), 1998. The Contemporary Pacific. 13: 577-580.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2001. Om stier, strømmer og steder i norsk antropologi. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 12: 5-8.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2001. Book Review: Pacific Answers to Western Hegemony: Cultural Practices of Identity Construction, edited by J. Wassmann, 1998. The Contemporary Pacific. 13: 577-580.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2000. Usikre møter i det moderne Melanesia. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 11: 53-66.
  • Johannes, R.E.; Hviding, Edvard. 2000. Traditional knowledge possessed by the fishers of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands, concerning fish aggregating behavior. Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Bulletin. 12. 22-29.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1999. Steder, virkeligheter, "felt"er. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 10.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. Western Movements in Non-Western Worlds: Towards an Anthropology of Uncertain Encounters. Suomen Antropologi. 23(3).
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. "Antropologiske allmennheter og særheter". Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 9: 176.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. "Tilbakeføring:om antropologenes relasjoner i tid og rom". Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. xx: 1-2.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. Western movements in non-Western worlds: towards an anthropology of uncertain encounters. Suomen Antropologi. 23: 30-51.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. Contextual flexibility: present status and future of customary marine tenure in Solomon Islands. Ocean and Coastal Management. 40: 253-269.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. Norsk antropologi? Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 9: 92.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. Et alvorlig blad. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 9: 175.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1998. Tilbakeføring: om antropologenes relasjoner i tid og rom. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 9: 3-4.
  • Eriksen, Thomas Hylland; Hviding, Edvard. 1997. Pluralisme. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 8: 1-3.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1997. Antropologisk mystikk? Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 8: 164-165.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1997. På kryss og tvers, i dagens verden. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 83-84.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1997. På kryss og tvers, i dagens verden. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 8: 83-84.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1997. Antropologisk mystikk. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 164-165.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1996. Book review, Tradition and Christianity: The Colonial Transformation of a Solomon Islands Society, Ben Burt, 1994. The Contemporary Pacific. 8: 231-233.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1996. Tradition and Christianity : The Colonial Transformation of a Solomon Islands Society. The Contemporary Pacific. 231-233.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Tambs-Lyche, Harald. 1996. Curiosity and Understanding: The Norwegian anthropologist Fredrik Barth. The Norseman. 36: 21-28.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Tambs-Lyche, Harald. 1996. Curiosity and Understanding. Norwegian literature. 36: 21-28.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Fiskeriforvaltning i Stillehavet:Sjøteiger og satelittovervåkning. Nordisk Fiskeriblad. 14-16.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Fiskeriforvaltning i Stillehavet: sjøteiger og satelittovervåkning. Nordisk Fiskeriblad. 11: 14-16.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Kula. KulaKula. Nr. 3. 11.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1994. Hawai`i - Return to Nationhood. Tidsskriftet antropologi. 156-159.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, G.B.K. 1994. Community-based fisheries management, tradition and the challenges of development in Marovo, Solomon Islands. Development and Change. 25: 13-39.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham. 1994. Community-based fisheries management, tradition and the challenges of development in Marovo, Solomon Islands. Development and Change. 25: 13-39.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham B.K. 1994. Community-based fisheries management, tradition and the challenges of development in Marovo, Solomon Islands. Development and Change. 25: 13-39.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. Indigenous essentialism?`Simplifying` customary land ownership in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde. 149: 802-824.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. Indigenous essentialism? ‘Simplifying’ customary land ownership in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde. 149: 802-824.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. Indigenous essentialism? 'Simplifying' customary land ownership in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde. 149: 802-824.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1992. Upstream Development and Coastal Zone Conservation: Pacific Islands Perspectives on Holistic Planning. Greenpeace Discussion Paper. 11 pages.
  • Ruddle, K.; Hviding, Edvard; Johannes, R.E. 1992. Marine resources management in the context of customary tenure. Marine Resource Economics. 7: 249-273.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1991. Traditional institutions and their role in contemporary coastal resource management in the Pacific. NAGA, the ICLARM Quarterly. 14: 3-6.
Reports and theses
  • Borrevik, Camilla Agnethe; Crook, Tony; Hviding, Edvard; Lind, Craig. 2014. European Union Development Strategy in the Pacific. European Parliament, Directorate-General for the External Policies of the Union, Brussel. 52 pages.
  • Borrevik, Camilla Agnethe; Crook, Tony; Hviding, Edvard; Lind, Craig. 2014. Strategie De Developpement De L'Union Europeenne Dans le Pacifique. Direction Generale des Politiques Externes de L'Union, Bruxelles. 52 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2010. Study Guide and Teacher's Manual for "Reef and Rainforest: An Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands" - A Pilot Project for Environmental Education in Solomon Islands. UNESCO, Paris. 41 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2007. Post-disaster challenges in the Western Solomon Islands: Report to UNESCO LINKS and South Pacific Office. UNESCO, Paris & Apia. 28 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2006. Village-level Documentation and Transmission of Local Environmental Knowledge: A Pilot Project for Solomon Islands. UNESCO, Paris. 22 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2004. GEF/MSP Capacity Asessment: Report on UNESCO/SC/CSI/LINKS Mission in Solomon Islands, 8-15 June 2004. UNESCO, Paris. 11 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2004. An assessment of capacities and opportunities for expanded UNESCO activity in post-conflict Solomon Islands (2003): Report to UNESCO/SC/SSI/LINKS. UNESCO, Paris. 46 pages.
  • Bjørn, Kirsten; Hersoug, Bjørn; Lie, Ulf; Bakken, Erling; Pedersen, Harald; Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Fiskerier i utviklingsland: Forskning og forvaltning. Norges forskningsråd, Området for miljø og utvikling.. 60 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Vivinei tuari pa Ulusaghe : Stories and legends from Marovo, New Georgia, in four New Georgian languages and with English translations. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 90 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Of Reef and Rainforest : A Dictionary of Environment and Resources in Marovo Lagoon. University of Bergen / Western Province Cultural Office, Bergen & Gizo. 208 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Jul-Larsen, Eyolf. 1995. Community-based Resource Management in Tropical Fisheries. University of Namibia, Windhoek. 61 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. Guardians of Marovo Lagoon : the sea as cultural and relation- al focus in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. 1 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1992. Upstream Development and Coastal Zone Development: Pacific Islands Perspectives on Holistic Planning. Greenpeace Pacific Campaign, San Francisco. 11 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1992. Guardians of Marovo Lagoon: The Sea as Cultural and Relational Focus in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. University of Bergen, Bergen.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham B.K. 1992. Fisheries management in the Pacific: Tradition and the Challenges of Development in Marovo, Solomon Islands. UNRISD Discussion Paper No 32. No 32: 32. United Nations Institute for Social Development, Geneve. 23 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1991. Mellom korallrev og regnskog: Landsbyliv på Salomonøyene. Universitetet i Bergen, Historisk Museum, Avd. for kult.antro. 17 pages.
  • Ruddle, K; Hviding, Edvard; Johannes, R.E. 1991. Customary marine tenure: an option for small-scale fisheries management. CDS Publications. 5. Centre for Development Studies. University of Bergen. 47 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1989. Tverrfaglige perspektiver på tropiske fiskerier: en studie av mulige samarbeidsfelt, med referanse til forskningsmiljøene i Bergen. CDS Publications. Senter for Utviklingsstudier, UiB.. 49 pages.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1988. Marine tenure and resource development in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands: Traditional knowledge, use and management of marine rescources, with implications for contemporary development. FFA Reports 88/35. South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency, Honiara. 110 pages.
Book sections
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2016. Big Money in the Rural: Wealth and Dispossession in Western Solomons Political Economy. Kapittel 6. In:
    • Allen, Matthew; Dinnen, Sinclair. 2016. Statebuilding and State Formation in the Western Pacific: Solomon Islands in Transition? Routledge. 142 pages. ISBN: 978-1-13-820684-7.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2016. Europe and the Pacific: Engaging Anthropology in EU Policy-Making and Development Cooperation. Chapter 8, pages 147-166. In:
    • Bringa, Tone; Bendixsen, Synnøve Kristine Nepstad. 2016. Engaged Anthropology: Views from Scandinavia. Palgrave Macmillan. 196 pages. ISBN: 978-3-319-40484-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Norwegian Shipping and Landfall in the South Sea in the Age of Sail. Chapter 7, pages 173-186. In:
    • Kjerland, Kirsten Alsaker; Bertelsen, Bjørn Enge. 2015. Navigating Colonial Orders. Norwegian Entrepreneurship in Africa and Oceania. Berghahn Books. 414 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78238-539-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2015. The Western Solomons and the Sea: Maritime Cultural Heritage in Sociality, Province, and State. Chapter 5, pages 118-144. In:
    • Hviding, Edvard; White, Geoffrey. 2015. Pacific Alternatives: Cultural Politics in Contemporary Oceania. Sean Kingston Publishing. 295 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-38-6.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Adventurous adaptability in the South Sea: Norwegians in ‘the Terrible Solomons’, ca. 1870–1930. Chapter 8, pages 187-218. In:
    • Kjerland, Kirsten Alsaker; Bertelsen, Bjørn Enge. 2015. Navigating Colonial Orders. Norwegian Entrepreneurship in Africa and Oceania. Berghahn Books. 414 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78238-539-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Non-Pristine Forests: A Long-term History of Land Transformation in the Western Solomons. Chapter 3, pages 51-74. In:
    • Bell, Joshua; West, Paige; Filer, Colin. 2015. Tropical Forests of Oceania: Anthropological Perspectives. ANU Press. 276 pages. ISBN: 9781925022728.
  • White, Geoffrey; Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Pacific Alternatives in a Global Context: Dialogues in Oceania. Introduction, pages 1-23. In:
    • Hviding, Edvard; White, Geoffrey. 2015. Pacific Alternatives: Cultural Politics in Contemporary Oceania. Sean Kingston Publishing. 295 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-38-6.
  • Bayliss-Smith, Tim; Hviding, Edvard. 2014. "Taro terraces, chiefdoms and malaria: explaining landesque capital formation in Solomon Islands". Chapter 3, pages 75-97. In:
    • Håkansson, N. Thomas; Widgren, Mats. 2014. Landesque Capital: The Historical Ecology of Enduring Landscape Modifications. Left Coast Press Inc.. 281 pages. ISBN: 978-1-61132-386-3.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2014. "War Canoes of the Western Solomons". Chapter 10, pages 103-115. In:
    • Burt, Ben; Bolton, Lissant. 2014. The Things We Value: Culture and History in Solomon Islands. Sean Kingston Publishing. 149 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-21-8.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2014. Les vies des nguzunguzu: figures de proue de Nouvelle-Géorgie. Kapittel, pages 124-129. In:
    • Mélandri, Magali; Revolon, Sandra. 2014. L'Éclat des Ombres: L'art en noir et blanc des îles Salomon. 224 pages. ISBN: 978-2-35744-077-7.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2014. Across the New Georgia Group: A.M. Hocart’s Fieldwork as Inter-island Practice. Chapter 2, pages 71-107. In:
    • Hviding, Edvard; Berg, Cato. 2014. The Ethnographic Experiment: A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908. Berghahn Books. 320 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78238-342-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2014. Modèle de pirogue de guerre, îles de Nouvelle-Géorgie. Kapittel, pages 28-31. In:
    • Mélandri, Magali; Revolon, Sandra. 2014. L'Éclat des Ombres: L'art en noir et blanc des îles Salomon. 224 pages. ISBN: 978-2-35744-077-7.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Berg, Cato. 2014. The Ethnographic Experiment in Island Melanesia. Introduction, pages 1-43. In:
    • Hviding, Edvard; Berg, Cato. 2014. The Ethnographic Experiment: A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908. Berghahn Books. 320 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78238-342-0.
  • Bayliss-Smith, Tim; Hviding, Edvard. 2012. Irrigated Taro, Malaria and the Expansion of Chiefdoms: Ruta in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Kapittel 13, pages 219-254. In:
    • Spriggs, Matthew; Addison, David; Matthews, Peter J. 2012. Irrigated Taro (Colocasia esculenta) in the Indo-Pacific: Biological, Social and Historical Perspectives. 363 pages. ISBN: 978-4-901906-93-7.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2012. Compressed Globalization and Expanding Desires in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Kapittel 8, pages 203-229. In:
    • Howell, Signe Lise; Talle, Aud. 2012. Returns to the Field. Indiana University Press. 275 pages. ISBN: 978-0-253-22348-7.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2011. Re-placing the state in the Western Solomon Islands : the political rise of the Christian Fellowship Church. Kapittel 2, pages 51-89. In:
    • Hviding, Edvard; Rio, Knut Mikjel. 2011. Made in Oceania : social movements, cultural heritage and the state in the Pacific. Sean Kingston Publishing. 352 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-06-5.
  • Rio, Knut Mikjel; Hviding, Edvard. 2011. Pacific Made: Social Movements between Cultural Heritage and the State. Introduction, pages 1-29. In:
    • Hviding, Edvard; Rio, Knut Mikjel. 2011. Made in Oceania : social movements, cultural heritage and the state in the Pacific. Sean Kingston Publishing. 352 pages. ISBN: 978-1-907774-06-5.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2009. Eventyrlyst og tilpasningsevne: Nordmenns liv på "de forferdelige Salomonøyene", ca. 1870-1930. Kapittel, pages 128-166. In:
    • Kjerland, Kirsten Alsaker; Rio, Knut Mikjel. 2009. Kolonitid : nordmenn på eventyr og big business i Afrika og Stillehavet. Scandinavian Academic Press. 318 pages. ISBN: 978-82-304-0049-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2005. Christian Fellowship Church (Solomon Islands). Leksikalsk oppslag, pages 306-307. In:
    • Taylor, Bron R. 2005. The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. Continuum. 2000 pages. ISBN: 1-84371-138-9.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2004. Fredrik Barth. Biografisk presentasjon, pages 33-34. In:
    • Amit, Vered. 2004. Biographical Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. Routledge. 613 pages. ISBN: 0-415-22379-2.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. Both Sides of the Beach: Knowledges of Nature in Oceania. 245-275. In:
    • Selin, Helaine; Kalland, Arne. 2003. Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 481 pages. ISBN: 1-4020-1235-7.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 2003. Disentangling the butubutu of New Georgia: Cognatic kinship in thought and action. 71-113. In:
    • Hoëm, Ingjerd; Roalkvam, Sidsel. 2003. Oceanic Socialities and Cultural Forms: Ethnographies of Experience. Berghahn Books. ISBN: 1-57181-558-9.
  • Friedman, Jonathan; Hviding, Edvard. 2000. Islands Connected: Making Pacific Worlds (Project Presentation). Chapter 1, pages 4-9. In:
    • Wallin, Paul. 2000. Migrations and Exchange in a Historical Perspective. No Barriers Seminar Papers. 3. The Kon-Tiki Museum, Institute for Pacific Archaeology and Cultural History, Oslo.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1999. Western movements in non-Western worlds: towards an anthropology of uncertain encounters. Kapittel 1, pages 3-23. In:
    • Nyman, J.; Stotesbury, J.A. 1999. Postcolonialism and Cultural Resistance. 278 pages. ISBN: 951-708-778-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1997. "Fisheries and costal resources: knowledge and development". 123-142. In:
    • Burt, B.; Clerk, C. 1997. Environment and Development in Pacific Islands.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1996. Nature, culture, magic, science : on meta-languages for comparison in cultural ecology. 165-184. In:
    • Descola, P.; Palsson, G. 1996. Nature and society: Anthropological Perspectives. ISBN: 0-415-13215-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1996. Nature, culture, magic, science: on meta-languages for comparison in cultural ecology. Kapittel 9, pages 165-184. In:
    • Descola, Philippe; Pálsson, Gisli. 1996. Nature and Society: Anthropological Perspectives. Routledge. 310 pages. ISBN: 0-415-13215-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1996. Nature, culture, magic, science: on meta-languages for comparison in cultural ecology. 165-184. In:
    • Descola, Philippe; Pàlsson, Gisli. 1996. Nature and Society: Anthropological Perspectives. Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-13215-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, G.B.K. 1996. Custom and complexity: marine tenure, fisheries management and conservation in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands. 66-87. In:
    • Howitt, R.; Connell, J.; Hirsch, P. 1996. Resources, Nations and Indigenous Peoples: Case studies fro m Australasia, Melanesia and Southeast Asia. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0-19-553758-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham. 1996. Custom and complexity: marine tenure, fisheries management and conservation in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands. Kapittel 5, pages 66-87. In:
    • Howitt, Richard; Connell, John; Hirsch, Philip. 1996. Resources, Nations and Indigenous Peoples: Case Studies from Australasia, Melanesia and Southeast Asia. Oxford University Press. 321 pages. ISBN: 0-19-553758-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham B.K. 1996. Custom and complexity: marine tenure, fisheries management and conservation in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands. 66-87. In:
    • Howitt, Richard; Connell, John; Hirsch, Philip. 1996. Resources, Nations and Indigenous Peoples: Case Studies from Australasia, Melanesia and Southeast Asia. Oxford University Press. 321 pages. ISBN: 0-19-553758-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Maritime travel, present and past, in Marovo, Solomon Islands. 90-113. In:
    • Feinberg, Richard. 1995. Seafaring in the Contemporary Pacific Islands: Studies in Continuity and Change. ISBN: 0-87580-201-X.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Maritime travel, present and past, in Marovo, Western Solomon Islands. 90-113,. In:
    • Feinberg, R. 1995. Seafaring in the Modern Pacific Islands : Studies in Continuity and Change. ISBN: 0-87580-201-X.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1995. Maritime travel, present and past, in Marovo, Western Solomon Islands. Kapittel 5, pages 90-113. In:
    • Feinberg, R. 1995. Seafaring in the Contemporary Pacific Islands: Studies in Continuity and Change. 237 pages. ISBN: 0-87580-201-X.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham B.K. 1994. Community-based fisheries management, tradition and the challenges of development in Marovo, Solomon Islands. 13-39. In:
    • Ghai, Dharam. 1994. Development and Environment: Sustaining People and Nature. ISBN: 0-631-19394-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. Krigskanoer fra New Georgia - historie, ritualer og myter. 31-42. In:
    • Clausen, Birthe L. 1993. Tomoko: en krigskano fra Salomonøerne. ISBN: 87-85180-25-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1993. Krigskanoer fra New Georgia - historie, ritualer og myter. Kapittel 3, pages 31-42. In:
    • Clausen, Birthe L. 1993. TOMOKO: en krigskano fra Salomonøerne. 96 pages. ISBN: 87-85180-25-4.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, G.B.K. 1993. "Traditional environmental knowledge for resource management in Marovo, Solomon Islands". 56-65. In:
    • Williamns, N.M.; Baines, G.B.K. 1993. Traditional Ecological Knowledge; Wisdom for Sustainable De velopment. ISBN: 0-86740-414-0.
  • Hviding, Edvard; Baines, Graham.B.K. 1992. "Traditional Environmental Knowledge from the Marovo Area of the Solomon Islands. 92-110. In:
    • Johnson, Martha. 1992. LORE; Capturing Traditional Environmental Knowledge. ISBN: 0-88936-644-6.
  • Hviding, Edvard. 1990. "Keeping the sea: Aspects of marine tenure in Marovo Lagoon, Salomon Islands". 7-44. In:
    • Ruddle, Kenneth; Johannes, R.E. 1990. Traditional Coastal Resource Management in the Pacific Basi n: An Anthology.
Artistic production
  • Hereniko, Vilsoni; Espiritu, Peter Rockford; Ete, Igelese; Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Moana: the Rising of the Sea (A Stage Drama About Climate Change).
  • Hereniko, Vilsoni; Hviding, Edvard. 2015. Moana Rua: the Rising of the Sea (A film about climate change and sea-level rise in the Pacific).

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Selected publications

Books

Hviding, Edvard and Geoffrey M. White (eds.) 2015. Pacific Alternatives: Culture and Politics in Contemporary Oceania. Canon Pyon, Herts.: Sean Kingston Publishing.

Hviding, Edvard and Cato Berg (eds.) 2014. The Ethnographic Experiment: A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books.

Hviding, Edvard and Knut M. Rio (eds.) 2011. Made in Oceania: Social Movements, Cuultural Heritage and the State in the Pacific. Wantage, Oxon: Sean Kingston Publishing. 353p.

Hviding, Edvard 2005. Reef and Rainforest: An Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands / Kiladi oro vivineidi ria tingitonga pa idere oro pa goana pa Marovo. Knowledges of Nature, No. 1. Paris: UNESCO, 252p. (Second, revised edition published 2011)

HViding, Edvard (ed.) 2001. Stier, strømmer og steder. Special issue edited by E. Hviding, Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, 12(1-2), 152p.

Hviding, Edvard and Tim Bayliss-Smith 2000. Islands of Rainforest: Agroforestry, Logging and Ecotourism in Solomon Islands. Aldershot: Ashgate, 388p.

Hviding, Edvard 1996. Guardians of Marovo Lagoon: Practice, Place, and Politics in Maritime Melanesia. Honolulu, University of Hawai'i Press, 473p.

Hviding, Edvard 1995. Vivinei tuari pa Ulusaghe: Stories and legends from Marovo, New Georgia, in four New Georgian languages and with English translations. Recorded, translated and edited by Edvard Hviding, with assistance from V. Vaguni and others. Bergen: Centre for Development Studies, University of Bergen, in collaboration with Western Province Division of Culture, p. 88.


Journal articles and book chapters

Hviding, Edvard 2015. Non-Pristine Forests: A Long-term History of Land Transformation in the Western Solomons, in Forests of Oceania: Anthropological Perspectives, Joshua Bell, Paige West and Colin Filer (eds.), 51-74. Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Hviding, Edvard 2015. The Western Solomons and the Sea: Maritime Cultural Heritage in Sociality, Province, and State, in Pacific Alternatives: Culture and Politics in Contemporary Oceania, E. Hviding and G. White (eds.), 118-144. Canon Pyon, Herts.: Sean Kingston Publishing.

White, Geoffrey M. and Edvard Hviding 2015. Pacific Alternatives in a Global Context: Dialogues in Oceania, in Pacific Alternatives: Culture and Politics in Contemporary Oceania, E. Hviding and G. White (eds.), 1-23. Canon Pyon, Herts.: Sean Kingston Publishing.

Hviding, Edvard 2015. Adventurous adaptability in the South Sea: Norwegians in ‘the Terrible Solomons’, ca. 1870 – 1930, in Navigating colonial orders: Norwegian entrepreneurship in Africa and Oceania, Kirsten A. Kjerland and Bjørn E. Bertelsen (eds), 187-218. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books.

Hviding, Edvard 2015. Norwegian Shipping and Landfall in the South Sea in the Age of Sail, in Navigating colonial orders: Norwegian entrepreneurship in Africa and Oceania, Kirsten A. Kjerland and Bjørn E. Bertelsen (eds), 173-186. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books.

Bayliss-Smith, Tim and Edvard Hviding 2014. Landesque Capital as an Alternative to Food Storage in Melanesia: Irrigated Taro Terraces in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Environmental Archaeology, 19 (1).
DOI: 10.1179/1749631414Y.0000000049

Hviding, Edvard 2014. Les vies des nguzunguzu: Figures de proue de Nouvelle-Géorgie, in L’éclat des ombres: L’art en noir et blanc des îles Salomon, Magali Melandri & Sandra Revolon (eds.), 124-129. Paris: Musée de Quai Branly / Somogy Éditions des Art.

Hviding, Edvard 2014. Modèle de pirogue de guerre, îles de Nouvelle-Géorgie, in L’éclat des ombres: L’art en noir et blanc des îles Salomon, Magali Melandri & Sandra Revolon (eds.), 28-31. Paris: Musée de Quai Branly / Somogy Éditions des Art.

Hviding, Edvard 2014. Across the New Georgia Group: A.M. Hocart’s Fieldwork as Inter-island Practice, in The Ethnographic Experiment: A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908, Edvard Hviding and Cato Berg (eds.), 71-107. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books.

Hviding, Edvard and Cato Berg 2014.Introduction: The Ethnographic Experiment in Island Melanesia, in The Ethnographic Experiment: A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908, Edvard Hviding and Cato Berg (eds.), 1-43. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books.

Hviding, Edvard 2014. Posthumanistiske antropologer? ANTropologiens lukkede rom. Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, 25(1): 38-42.

Bayliss-Smith, TIm and Edvard Hviding 2014.Taro terraces, chiefdoms and malaria: explaining landesque capital formation in Solomon Islands, in Landesque Capital: The Historical Ecology of Enduring Landscape Modifications, N. Thomas Håkansson and Mats Widgren (eds.), 75-97. New Frontiers in Historical Ecology. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Hviding, Edvard 2014. War canoes of the Western Solomons, in The Things We Value: Culture and History in Solomon Islands, Ben Burt and Lissant Bolton (eds.), 103-115. Canon Pyon, Herts.: Sean Kingston Publishing.

Hviding, Edvard 2013. Sciences in the Plural: The UNESCO Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands, The Journal of Pacific Studies, 32(2): 128-143.

Bayliss-Smith, Tim and Edvard Hviding 2012. Irrigated Taro, Malaria and the Expansion of Chiefdoms: Ruta in New Georgia, Solomon Islands, in Irrigated Cultivation of Colocasia esculenta in the Indo-Pacific: Biological, Social and Historical Perspectives, M. Spriggs, D. Addison & P. Matthews (eds.), 219-254. Senri Ethnological Studies, 78. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.

Hviding, Edvard 2012. Compressed Globalization and Expanding Desires in Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands, in Returns to the Field: Multitemporal Research and Contemporary Anthropology, Signe Howell og Aud Talle (eds.), 203-229. Bloomington; Indiana University Press.

Rio, Knut M. og Edvard Hviding 2011. Pacific Made: Social Movements between Cultural Heritage and State, in Made in Oceania: Social Movements, Cuultural Heritage and the State in the Pacific, Edvard Hviding and Knut M. Rio (eds.), 5-29. Wantage, Oxon: Sean Kingston Publishing.

Hviding, Edvard 2011. Re-placing the State in the Western Solomon Islands: The Political Rise of the Christian Fellowship Church, in Made in Oceania: Social Movements, Cuultural Heritage and the State in the Pacific, Edvard Hviding and Knut M. Rio (red.), 51-89. Wantage, Oxon: Sean Kingston Publishing.

Hess, M. S. Robson, F.S. Millar, G. Were, E. Hviding & C. Berg 2009. Niabara - the Western Solomon Islands War Canoe at the British Museum, i Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia, Vienna, 41-46. Los Alamitos, CA.: IEEE Computer Society.

Hviding, Edvard 2009. Eventyrlyst og tilpasningsevne: nordmenn på “de forferdelige Salomonøyene”, ca. 1879-1930, in Kolonitid: Nordmenn på eventyr og big business i Afrika og Stillehavet, K.A. Kjerland & K.M. Rio (eds). Oslo: Scandinavian Academic Press, pp. 128-166.

Hviding, Edvard 2006. Knowing and managing biodiversity in the Pacific Islands: challenges of environmentalism in Marovo Lagoon. International Social Science Journal, 58(1) Issue 187: 69-85.

Hviding, Edvard 2005. Christian Fellowship Church (Solomon Islands), in Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature, B. Taylor (ed.). London: Continuum Books, pp. 306-307.

Hviding, Edvard 2004. Fredrik Barth, in Biographical Dictionary of Anthropology, V. Amit (ed.). London: Routledge, pp. 33-34.

Hviding, Edvard 2003 Between Knowledges: Pacific Studies and Academic Disciplines. The Contemporary Pacific, 15:43-73.

Hviding, Edvard 2003. Contested Rainforests, NGOs and Projects of Desire in Solomon Islands. International Social Science Journal, 55(4) Issue 178: 439-453.

Hviding, Edvard 2003. Disentangling the butubutu of New Georgia: cognatic kinship in thought and action, in Oceanic Socialities and Cultural Forms: Ethnographies of Experience, I. Hoëm & S. Roalkvam (eds). Oxford: Berghahn Books, pp. 71-113.

Hviding, Edvard 2003. Both Sides of the Beach: Knowledges of Nature in Oceania, in Nature Across Cultures: Non-Western Views of the Environment and Nature, Helaine Selin (ed.). Science Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Sciences, Vol. 4. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp.243-275.

Bayliss-Smith, Tim, EDvard HViding and T.C. Whitmore 2003. Rainforest composition and histories of human disturbance in Solomon Islands. Ambio, 32: 346-352.

Hviding, Edvard 2000. Usikre møter i det moderne Melanesia. Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, 11: 53-66.

Hviding, Edvard 1998. Contextual flexibility: present status and future of customary marine tenure in Solomon Islands. Ocean & Coastal Management, 40: 253-269.

Hviding, Edvard 1998. Western movements in non-Western worlds: towards an anthropology of uncertain encounters. Suomen Antropologi / Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, 23(3): 30-51.

Hviding, Edvard 1996. Nature, culture, magic, science: on meta-languages for comparison in cultural ecology, in Nature and Society: Anthropological Perspectives, P. Descola & G. Pálsson (eds). London: Routledge, pp. 165-184.

Hviding, Edvard and Graham Baines 1994. Community-based fisheries management, tradition and the challenges of development in Marovo, Solomon Islands. Development and Change, 25(1): 13-39.

Hviding, Edvard 1993. Indigenous essentialism? ‘Simplifying’ customary land ownership in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 149: 802-824.

PhD 1993, University of Bergen

Associate professor of social anthropology, UiB, 1993-1999

Professor of social anthropology, UiB, 1999 -

Head of Department, 2002-2005, 2009-2013

Research Group Director, Bergen Pacific Studies, 2005 -

Scientific Coordinator, European Consortium for Pacific Studies (ECOPAS - FP7), 2012-2016

Executive Producer, "Moana: the Rising of the Sea", Bergen International Festival, 2015.

Research interests: environmental anthropology (with a focus on the utilastion and management of tropical rainforests and coral reefs), weather and climate, knowledge and epistemology, kinship and social organisation, language, historical anthropology, globalisation, social movements, vernacular education, material culture, anthropological film.

Regional interests: Solomon Islands, Melanesia, Oceania, the Pacific region.

Hviding is the founding director of the Bergen Pacific Studies Research Group based at his university.

Presently (2012-15) he is the scientific coordinator of the European Consortium for Pacific Studies (ECOPAS), funded by the European Commission's 7th Framework programme. ECOPAS is a multidisciplinary project designed to provide coordination and support to research and policy communities on issues connected to climate change and related processes in the Pacific Islands region, in order to define better options for sustainable development.

During 2008-12 Hviding directed the international research programme Pacific Alternatives: Cultural Heritage and Political Innovation in Oceania with institutional partners in the Pacific (including the national museums of Solomon Islands and Vanuatu), Australia, the United States and Europe. This programme explores the possibilities for building a network of rural fieldworkers in several provinces of the Solomons, including prospects for reviving the cultural sector of the Western Province government. With Dr. Graham Baines, Hviding developed the “Bergen Initiative” after the earthquake and tsunami that hit the Western Solomons in 2007, in an attempt to connect the accumulated, mainly overseas scholarship on the Western Solomons to urgent and more long-term practical needs in that part of Solomon Islands. The establishment of the Western Solomons Research Database, in dialogue with Western Province leaders, is a major outcome of this initiative.

In addition to his leadership and coordination work for the Bergen Pacific Studies group and its research programmes, Edvard Hviding is engaged in the following major research activities:

Vernacular Environmental Education in the Western Solomons. Book project (for UNESCO) that examines the development of a pilot project in vernacular education founded in Hviding’s Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, and that highlights the impressive written work submitted to the pilot project by students at primary and secondary schools in Marovo and North New Georgia.

Rescuing the Rural: The Christian Fellowship Church as a Rural Development Agent. Book project (with Shankar Aswani) about the recent history of the CFC and the remarkable record of the church as an independent social movement that consistently supported rural development during the years of tension and government collapse. The project builds on the close long-term association of both authors with the CFC, its people and its leaders, also including the knighting of the Rev. Ikan Rove in London in 2005.

Working Relations: The Royal Navy in late 19th-century New Georgia. Book project examining the interactions between the people of New Georgia and the British men-of-war HMS Penguin (which was engaged in surveying the New Georgia island during 1893-95) and HMS Royalist (which engaged in punitive expeditions on several occasions between 1889 and 1894). The project builds on Royal Navy logs and journals, and on recollections and oral history from New Georgia.

Solomon Islands artefacts between museums: the Western Solomons war canoe in contemporary political scenes. Book project (with Graham Baines) about Western Solomons war canoes as museum objects and as objects of various political scenes in today’s Western Solomons and Solomon Islands nation. The project builds on both authors’ long-term familiarity with war canoes and their stories in local circumstances (mainly Marovo and Vella Lavella) and on work at the British Museum.