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Margit Ystanes

Associate Professor
  • E-mailMargit.Ystanes@uib.no
  • Visitor Address
    Fosswinckelsgt. 6
    Bergen
    Room 
    804
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 BERGEN

The postdoctoral project Trust as a precondition for socio-economic development – what can we learn from the case of Brazil? explores the relationship between trust and economic processes. This relationship is unclear; trust is often taken to be a prerequisite for economic growth, both in economic theory and in everyday talk, and at the same time, a certain degree of inequality is usually considered essential for motivating investment and hard work. In theories of trust, however, it is widely assumed that inequality and power differences make trust impossible.

During the last decade, Brazil has received considerable praise for its ability to combine economic growth with reductions in poverty and inequality, but the protests ahead of the 2014 World Cup has complicated the Brazilian “success story”.

This project examines the cultural conditions for Brazil’s economic growth and inequality reduction efforts through the lens of the country’s hosting of the FIFA World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016. Such mega-events are not merely sporting competitions, but are also widely considered vehicles for promoting economic growth and city development. Because of this, they become sites of struggle over societal developments well beyond the events themselves. Perspectives on Brazil’s mega-event hosting are being explored here in order to understand how the complex relationship between social inequality, trust and economic growth works in contemporary Brazil.

The Research Council of Norway’s SAMKUL programme (Cultural conditions underlying social change) funds this project.

Ystanes is affiliated with CROP (Comparative Research Programme on Poverty).

Dissemination of research results

2017. (with José Alejandro Huidobro Goya) premiere screening of the project documentary Dirty Games: Olympic Evictions in Rio de Janeiro  at Café Sanaa, Bergen, 7 September. The screening was followed by a panel conversation the impact of sporting mega-events on urban development and inequality. Participants: Christopher Gaffney, Tomas Salem, Margit Ystanes, José Alejandro Huidobro Goya and Cecilie Ødegaard.

2017. (with José Alejandro Huidobro Goya) Ett år etter OL i Rio: å miste et hjem. Opinion piece in Dagsavisen Nye Meninger, 4 September.

2017.  Presentation of the film project Dirty Games: Olympic Evictions in Rio de Janeiro  at the cultural event Pavel’s Juke Joint at Madam Felle, Bergen, 30 August.

2017.  Presentation of the film Dirty Games: Olympic Evictions in Rio de Janeiro (work in progress), as part of the public seminar The Right to the City: the New Urban Agenda vs Observed Realities in Latin America organised by Einar Braathen at NIBR, Oslo, 17 August.

2017.  OL og eksklusjon av fattige i Rio de Janeiro (The Olympics and Exclusion of the Poor in Rio de Janeiro). Lecture held as part of an annual event aimed at teachers, offering updates on new research in their fields (faglig-pedagogisk dag), at the University of Bergen, 3 February.

2016. Participated in the film screening and panel debate ”Drømmen om Rio: OL og VM for hvem?”, 22 September. The event was part of The Norwegian Research Council’s annual research festival Forskningsdagene.       

2016. Production of educational material on food security, climate change and social inequality for documentary school screenings at the Bergen International Film Festival (BIFF) 20 – 28 September.

2016. Brasils problematiske OL-arv. Article in Manifest Tidsskrift, 14 June.

2016. Organised the documentary film seminar The Olympic Dream at the Bergen Resource Centre for International Development, 23 May.

2016. Participated in the panel debate When Sports and Human Rights Collide, organised by SAIH Bergen, 20 April.

2016. Organised the open lecture Living with Olympic Security at the Bergen Resource Centre for International Development, 19 April.

2016. #sosfavela: Digitale representasjoner av vold og ulikhet I OL-byen Rio de Janeiro (#sosfavelas: Digital Representations of Violence and Inequality in the Olympic City Rio de Janeiro). Lecture held as part of an annual event aimed at teachers, offering updates on new research in their fields (faglig-pedagogisk dag), at the University of Bergen, 5 February.

2015. [with Iselin Åsedotter Strønen] Organised the panel debate "Rethinking Inequalities in Latin America" at the Bergen Resource Centre for International Development, 6 March.

2012. Participated in the Nord/Sør seminar series: roundtable debate about “The Resource Curse”, organised by Spire Bergen.

2009 Workshop on the production of wealth and poverty in the Global South for Norges MusikkorpsForbund

2003 [med Ragnhild Solvi Berg] ”Håp for demokratiet” [Hope for democracy], inLatin-Amerika, issue 4 (6-7).

2002 ”Transculturación og lukkethet som kulturelt ideal” [Transculturación and closure as cultural ideal], in Kula Kula, issue 1 (35-39).

 

In the media

2016. "Ny rapport: Politiet «ryddet» gatene i Rio for barn og unge til OL", by Ole Kristian Strøm, VG, 29.09.16. 

2010. NorLARNet featured research: "Conflicting Interests and the Meaning of Trust in the Struggle over Petén’s Tropical Forests", by Sanne Kasin.

  • Courses taught:

SANT220 Anthropology, Intervention and Development (BA level)
SANT309 Conceptualising Society: Applications of Anthropological Theory (MA level)

  • Seminars on thesis writing for MA-students working in Latin America, autumn 2011 and spring 2012.
  • Responsible for developing and teaching a seminar series on Latin America for MA-students, autumn 2011.
  • Lectures held in Norwegian, English and Spanish at courses at the Department of Social Anthropology and the Bachelor Degree in Latin American Studies UiB, at NHH (Norwegian Business College) and the University of Agder (BA-level).
  • Seminars at various courses at the Department of Social Anthropology, UiB (BA-level).
  • Internet based tutoring/long distance teachingincluding evaluation of student essays at the Department of Social Anthropology, UiB (BA-level).
  • Grading of exams papers at the BA-level, and theses and proposals at the MA-level at the University of Bergen, the University of Oslo, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology and the University of Agder.
  • Supervision of MA/MPHIL-students
Books
  • Ystanes, Margit; Strønen, Iselin Åsedotter. 2017. The Social Life of Economic Inequalities in Contemporary Latin America: Decades of Change. Palgrave Macmillan. 310 pages. ISBN: 978-3-319-61535-6.
  • Ystanes, Margit; Broch-Due, Vigdis. 2016. Trusting and its Tribulations: Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust. Berghahn Books. 294 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78533-099-5.
Journal articles
  • Ystanes, Margit; Huidobro Goya, José Alejandro. 2017. Ett år etter OL i Rio: å miste et hjem. Dagsavisen - Nye Meninger. Published 2017-09-04.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2016. O problemático legado das Olimpíadas no Rio de Janeiro. Tradução de matéria originalmente publicado em norueguês por Manifest Tidsskrift. Manifest tidsskrift.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2016. Brasils problematiske OL-arv. Manifest tidsskrift. Published 2016-06-14.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2015. «Problemet er at VI ikke aner hvor dette bærer»: Dystopiske fremtidsforestillinger i sportsarrangementenes tid. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 26: 221-239.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2014. Unni Wikan: Resonance: Beyond the Words. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 1. 58-60.
Reports and theses
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2016. “Mega-Events and Urban Poverty: Legacy Projects in Rio de Janeiro”. CROP Poverty Brief, Bergen. 4 pages.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2011. Precarious Trust. Problems of Managing Self and Sociality in Guatemala. University of Bergen.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2003. Venner finner man i familien, ute på gata er det bare fiender : En studie av moralitetsdiskurser og mestring av utrygghet i Quetzalenango, Guatemala.
Book sections
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2016. “Unfixed trust: Intimacy, blood symbolism, and porous boundaries in Guatemala”. Chapter 1, pages 37-59. In:
    • Ystanes, Margit; Broch-Due, Vigdis. 2016. Trusting and its Tribulations: Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust. Berghahn Books. 294 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78533-099-5.
  • Ystanes, Margit; Broch-Due, Vigdis. 2016. “Introduction: Introducing Ethnographies of Trusting”. Introduction, pages 1-36. In:
    • Ystanes, Margit; Broch-Due, Vigdis. 2016. Trusting and its Tribulations: Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust. Berghahn Books. 294 pages. ISBN: 978-1-78533-099-5.
  • Ystanes, Margit. 2014. “Saving Guatemala's ‘Mayan Forest’: The Environmental Crisis and Contested Development”. Chapter 7, pages 121-142. In:
    • Loftsdottir, Kristin; Jensen, Lars. 2014. Crisis in the Nordic Nations and Beyond: At the Intersection of Environment, Finance and Multiculturalism. Ashgate. 200 pages. ISBN: 9781472425386.
  • Bråten, Eldar; Ystanes, Margit. 2007. "Kritisk selvstendighet" gjennom fjernundervisning. Kapittel 3, pages 35-46. In:
    • Myklebost, Gunnar; Skare, Olav. 2007. Om re-mediering av undervisning - og læring gjennom samarbeid. Refleksjoner over prosjekterfaringer 2006. 227 pages. ISBN: 978-82-91308-45-6.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Publications

In press. The social life of economic inequalities in contemporary Latin America. Decades of change. Co-edited volume with Iselin Åsedotter Strønen. To be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2017.

In press. “#sosfavelas: Digital Representations of Violence and Inequality in Rio de Janeiro”, in The social life of economic inequalities in contemporary Latin America. Decades of change. Co-edited volume with Iselin Åsedotter Strønen. To be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2017.

In press. (with Iselin Åsedotter Strønen) “Introduction”, in The social life of economic inequalities in contemporary Latin America. Decades of change. Co-edited volume with Iselin Åsedotter Strønen. To be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2017.

In press. (with Lirio Gutiérrez Rivera and Iselin Åsedotter Strønen) “Coming of age in the penal system: neoliberalism, ‘mano dura’ and the reproduction of ‘racialised’ inequality in Honduras”, in The social life of economic inequality in contemporary Latin America. Decades of change. Co-edited volume with Iselin Åsedotter Strønen. To be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2017.

2016  "Violence, Fear and Impunity in Post-War Guatemala", in Violent Reverberations: Global Modalities of Trauma. Edited by Vigdis Broch-Due and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, 219-240. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

2016 (with Vigdis Broch-Due) Trusting and its Tribulations: Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust, edited by Vigdis Broch-Due and Margit Ystanes. London and New York: Berghahn Press.

2016 "Unfixed trust: Intimacy, blood symbolism, and porous boundaries in Guatemala", in Trusting and its Tribulations: Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust, edited by Vigdis Broch-Due and Margit Ystanes, 37 – 59. London and New York: Berghahn Press.

2016 (with Vigdis Broch-Due) "Introduction: Introducing Ethnographies of Trusting", in Trusting and its Tribulations: Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust, edited by Vigdis Broch-Due and Margit Ystanes, 1 – 36. London and New York: Berghahn Press.

2016  "Mega-Events and Urban Poverty: Legacy Projects in Rio de Janeiro". CROP Poverty Brief, no 31, April

2015  "Problemet er at vi ikke aner hvor dette bærer": Dystopiske fremtidsforestillinger i sportsarrangementenes tid, in Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift (3/4), 221-239.

2014   Saving Guatemala's 'Mayan Forest': The Environmental Crisis and Contested Development. In Crisis in the Nordic Nations and Beyond: At the Intersection of Environment, Finance and Multiculturalism, edited by Kristín Loftsdóttir and Lars Jensen, 121-142. Farnham: Ashgate.

2014   Unni Wikan: Resonance: Beyond the Words, book review in Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift (1), 58-60).

2011  Precarious Trust. Problems of Managing Self and Sociality in Guatemala. Dissertation submitted for the degree of philosophiae doctor (PhD) at the University of Bergen.

2006 (co-authored with Eldar Bråten): "Kritisk selvstendighet" gjennom fjernundervisning [”Critical independence” through distance teaching] in Om re-mediering av undervisning - og læring gjennom samarbeid. Refleksjoner over prosjekterfaringer 2006. Tromsø: Norgesuniversitetet, pp. 35-46.

2003. "Venner finner man i familien, ute på gata er det bare fiender": En studie av moralitetsdiskurser og mestring av utrygghet i Quetzalenango, Guatemala [Friends are found within the family, in the street you only find enemies: discourses of morality and management of insecurity in Quetzatenango, Guatemala]. Hovedoppgave ved Institutt for Sosialantropologi, Universitetet i Bergen.

 

Regional focus: Brazil, Guatemala, Latin America

Thematic focus: Trust/mistrust, contestation and political processes, the production of wealth and poverty, social inequality, racism, environmentalism, conceptualisations of nature, gender