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Ragnhild Louise Muriaas

Professor
  • E-mailRagnhild.Muriaas@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 94 48+47 965 14 015
  • Visitor Address
    Christiesgt. 15
    Room: 
    315
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5007 BERGEN

Political scientist whose work focuses on comparative politics within the fields of women's representation, political recruitment, political decentralization and group regcognition in the Global South.  Muriaas' key research interest is explaining variation in the inclusionary aspects of African regimes. 

Extensive fieldexperience from Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia. 

  • Associate Senior Researcher, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI).

Ragnhild L. Muriaas is the project leader of Money Talks: Gendered Electoral Financing in Democratic and Democratizing States, funded by the Research Council of Norway (FRIHUMSAM), from January 2016 to January 2020. Money is assumingly one of the greatest barriers to women in the political recruitment process. Particularly in candidate-centered electoral system where candidates compete twice: first in the primaries, and then, if they are successful, in elections at the state or national level. The financial disadvantage of women is expected to constitute an obstacle for women´s entry into politics everywhere and especially in developing countries where women´s socio-economic status is disproportionately low relative to men. This line of reasoning has caused a global upswing in financial schemes targeting women candidates, although the scholarship on women´s representation has not followed suit. MoneyTalks represents a new research frontier by putting the effects of gendered electoral finaincing on the agenda. The project analyzes on how such schemes - separate from or in conjunction with gender quotas, interact with electoral processes and institutions that tend to be gendered across regions.

Muriaas is also one of the principal investigators in the project Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to women's political representation (2014-2017), funded by the Research Council of Norway (NORGLOBAL). The project is led by Liv Tønnessen at the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI). In the last decades the international community has placed women's political participation on the agenda.  One of the key motivators behind this focus on women's political participation has been the assumption that there is a causal relationship between women's numerical representation on the one hand, and the substantive and symbolic representation of women on the other. This project focuses on questions related to women's representation in four African cases that have been key recipients of gendered aid the last decade (Malawi, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia). Muriaas main focus in this project has been studying reforms within the area of ending early marriages among key political agents in Zambia and Malawi, as well as, conducting survey experiments on the endorsement effects within reforms on early marriage, gender quotas and land reform in Malawi. The survey is conducted in collaboration with The Progamme of Governance and Local Development at Gothenburg (GLD), se http://gld.gu.se/malawi.html

 

Autumn 2016:

EUR 101 Introduction to European history and politics

Spring 2016:

SAMPOL 327 The Politics of Gender: Citizenship, Representation and Development

Autumn 2015:

SAMPOL 100 Introduction to Comparative Politics

Spring 2015:

SAMPOL321 Political Parties in Post-Conflict States

Books
  • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 9781137517647.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. Afrikanske utfordringer - En innføring i afrikansk politikk. Cappelen Damm Høyskoleforlaget. 136 pages. ISBN: 978-82-7634-802-6.
Journal articles
  • Aalen, Lovise; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2017. Power calculations and political decentralisation in African post-conflict states. International Political Science Review. 38: 56-69. doi: 10.1177/0192512115615704
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Rakner, Lise; Skage, Ingvild Aagedal. 2016. Political capital of ruling parties after regime change: contrasting successful insurgencies to peaceful pro-democracy movements. Civil Wars. 18: 175-191. doi: 10.1080/13698249.2016.1205563
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke. 2016. Bistand til kvinnebevegelser i Afrika virker. Bistandsaktuelt. Published 2016-01-27.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Svåsand, Lars G. 2015. Opposition parties and the decentralisation process in South Africa and Zambia. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. 53: 475-496. doi: 10.1080/14662043.2015.1089003
  • Kayuni, Happy M.; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2014. Alternatives to gender quotas : electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi. Representation: Journal of Representative Democracy. 50: 393-404. doi: 10.1080/00344893.2014.951235
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Signe Arnfred: Sexuality and Gender Politics in Mozambique - Rethinking Gender in Africa. Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning. 1. 92-96.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Ikonet Mandela. Bergens Tidende.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Party affiliation in new democracies: Local reactions to the split of the ruling party in Malawi. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. 7: 190-199. doi: 10.5897/AJPSIR10.096
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Happy, Kayuni. 2013. The reversed contagion effect: Explaining the unevenness of women's representation across South African municipalities. Women's Studies: International Forum. 41: 150-159. doi: 10.1016/j.wsif.2013.05.006
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke. 2013. Exploring the relationship between democratization and quota policies in Africa. Women's Studies: International Forum. 41: 89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.wsif.2013.05.010
  • Tønnessen, Liv; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Å være sin mann lydig. Bergens Tidende. Published 2013-10-19.
  • Mpesi, Andrew Mabvuto; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2012. Food security as a political issue: the 2009 elections in Malawi. Journal for Contemporary African Studies. 30: 377-393. doi: 10.1080/02589001.2012.689624
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2012. Lik rett til jord er fortsatt en fjern drøm. Bergens Tidende. Published 2012-01-10.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Wang, Vibeke. 2012. Executive dominance and the politics of quota representation in Uganda. Journal of Modern African Studies. 50: 309-338. doi: 10.1017/S0022278X12000067
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. Tilfellet Malawi. Hubro. Magasin for Universitetet i Bergen. 18: 56-57.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing? Democratization. 18: 1067-1086. doi: 10.1080/13510347.2011.603477
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. Traditional Institutions and Decentralisation: A Typology of Co-Existence in Sub-Saharan Africa. Forum for Development Studies. 38: 87-107. doi: 10.1080/08039410.2010.521574
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2009. Reintroducing a Local-Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why Be in Opposition? Government and Opposition. 44: 91-112. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-7053.2008.01277.x
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2009. Local Perspectives on the 'neutrality' of traditional authorities in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. 47: 28-51. doi: 10.1080/14662040802659389
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2009. ANC og maktkonsentrasjon i Sør-Afrika: Åpner lokaldemokratiet for maktdeling? Politica - Tidsskrift for politisk videnskab. 41: 283-299.
Reports and theses
  • Benstead, Lindsay; Dulani, Boniface; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Rakner, Lise; Wang, Vibeke. 2017. The Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) in Malawi: Selected Findings on Gender. The Program on Governance and Local Development (GLD), Gothenburg University. 64 pages.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2008. Affection and Defection: Local Perspectives on the Pull Towards the Government Party in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda. University of Bergen, Norway, UiB. 152 pages.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2002. Two Bulls in a Kraal - Recognising cultural difference in post-Apartheid South Africa. Bergen Open Research Archive (BORA), Bergen, Norway. 188 pages.
Book sections
  • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship: The Politics of Representation. Kapittel 1 Introduksjon, pages 1-14. In:
    • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 9781137517647.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke. 2016. Substantive Representation: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reform in Morocco, South Africa and Uganda. Kapittel 6, pages 111-136. In:
    • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 9781137517647.
  • Kayuni, Happy M.; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2015. Alternatives to Gender Quotas: Electoral Financing of Women Candidates In Malawi. Chapter 9. In:
    • Krook, Mona Lena; Zetterberg, Pär. 2015. Gender Quotas and Women's Representation: New Directions in Research. Routledge. 132 pages. ISBN: 1138907421.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2015. The Quality And Stability Of Subnational Elections In Africa: A Methodological and Conceptual Tool. Chapter 5, pages 82-104. In:
    • Spanakos, Anthony; Panizza, Francisco. 2015. Conceptualising Comparative Politics. Routledge. 256 pages. ISBN: 978-1138782921.
  • Hussein, Mustafa; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Traditional Authorities. 8, pages 155-173. In:
    • Svåsand, Lars G; Patel, Nandini. 2013. Government and Politics of Malawi. 370 pages. ISBN: 978-99908-0-019-7.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing? 2, pages 12-31. In:
    • Green, Elliott; Söderström, Johanna; Uddhammar, Emil. 2013. Political Opposition and Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Routledge. 200 pages. ISBN: 978-0415870382.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2005. Dilemmas Connected to Recognising Customary Law and Courts in South Africa. Kapittel, pages . In:
    • Lindholt, Lone; Scaumburg-Müller, Sten. 2005. Human Rights and Local/Living Law. Brill Nijhoff. 250 pages. ISBN: 90-04-13876-5.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Books:

Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild Muriaas (forthcoming). Manipulating Political Decentralization: Africa's Inclusive Autocrats. Routledge.

Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (eds) (2016). Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. Afrikanske utfordringer: En innføring i afrikansk politikk [African Challenges: An Introduction to African Politics]. Høyskoleforlaget.


Articles:

Aalen, Lovise and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2017) Power Calculations and Political Decentralization in African Post-Conflict States, International Political Science Review, 38 (1), 56-69. 

Muriaas, Ragnhild, Lise Rakner and Ingvild Aagedal Skage (2016) Political Capital of Ruling Parties after Regime Change: Contrasting Successful Insurgencies to Peaceful Pro-democracy Movements, Civil Wars, 18 (2): 175-191

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. and Lars Svaasand (2015) Opposition Parties and the Decentralization Process in South Africa and Zambia. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 53 (4).

Kayuni, Happy and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2014. ‘Alternatives to gender quotas: electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi’, Representation, 50 (3): 393-404.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L, Liv Tønnessen and Vibeke Wang. 2013. 'Exploring the Relationship between Democratization and Quota Policies in Africa', Women Studies International Forum, 41: 89-93.

Muriaas, Ragnhild and Happy Kayuni. 2013. 'The Reversed Contagion Effect: Explaining The Unevenness of Women’s Representation across South African Municipalities', Women's Studies International Forum, 41: 150-9.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2013. 'Party Affiliation in New Democracies: Local reactions to the split of the ruling party in Malawi', African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 7 (4): 190-9.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. and Vibeke Wang. 2012. 'Executive dominance and the politics of quota representation in Uganda, Journal of Modern African Studies, 50 (2): 309-38.

Mpesi, Andrew M, and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2012. 'Food security as a political issue: the 2009 elections in Malawi', Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 30 (3): 377-93.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. ‘ANC & Power Concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?’ Special Issue on Opposition in Africa, Democratization, 18 (5), 1067-86.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. ‘Traditional institutions and dencentralization: A typology of co-existence in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Forum for Development Studies, March, 38 (1), 87-107.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘Local Perspectives on the 'neutrality' of traditional authorities in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda’, Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 47 (1), 28-51.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘Reintroducing a Local-Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why be in opposition?’ Government and Opposition, 44 (1), 91-112.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘ANC og maktkonsentrasjon i Sør-Afrika: Åpner lokaldemokratiet for maktdeling?’, Politica, 41 (3), 283-99.
 

Chapters in books:

Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (2016). ‘Introduction’. In Hilde Danielsen et al. (eds) Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnesen and Vibeke Wang (2016). Substantive Representation: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reform in Morocco, South Africa and Uganda. In Hilde Danielsen et al. (eds) Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2015. 'The Quality and Stability of Subnational Elections in Africa: A Methodological and Conceptual Tool', ch. 5. In Anthony Spanakos and Francisco Panizza (eds.) Conceptualizing Comparative Politics, New York, NY: Routledge.

Hussein, Mustafa K. and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2013. 'Traditional Authorities' in Nandini Patel and Lars Svåsand (eds) Government and Politics in Malawi, second edition. Lilongwe, Malawi: Capital Printing Press.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2013. 'The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?' pp. 12-31. In Emil Uddhammer, Elliott Green and Johanna Söderström (eds.) Political Opposition and Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa, New York, NY: Routledge. (reprint).

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2005. 'Dilemmas Connected to Recognising Customary Law and Courts in South Africa' in Lone Lindholt and Sten Schaumburg-Müller (eds.) Human Rights and Local/living law in Human Rights in Development, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishing.
 

Working Papers:

Ragnhild Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, LIndsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2017). 'It Takes a female Chief: Gender and Effective Politicy Advocacy in Makawi, Working Paper, No.11, The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

 

Reports:

The Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) in Malawi: Selected FIndings on Gender (2017). Report prepared by Lindsay Benstead, Boniface Dulani, Ragnhild L. MUriaas, Lise Rakner and Vibeke Wang. GLD report. The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

Dissertations:

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2008. Affection and Defection: Local Perspectives on the Pull Towards the Government Party in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda, PhD Dissertation, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2002. Two Bulls in a Kraal - Recognising cultural difference in post-Apartheid South Africa, hovedfagsoppgave (M.Phil. Thesis), Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.
 

EDUCATION

2008 Ph.D, Departmenet of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2002 Cand. Polit. Degree. Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

1996 Cand. Mag. Degree. Faculty of Social Science, University of Bergen.

 

POSITIONS

2015 Associate Senior Researcher, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen, Norway.

2013 -  Associate Professor,Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2010 Visiting Scholar, Department of Sociology, University of California (Berkeley).

2009 - 2013 Post-doctor,Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2005-2006 Visiting scholar, Department of Political Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

2005 Visiting scholar, Political Science and Public Administration, Makerere University, Uganda.

2004 Visiting PhD-student, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden. 

2004 - 2008 PhD Student, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2002 - 2004 University lecturer, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

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Money Talks: Gendered Electoral Financing in Democratic and Democratizing States.

Ragnhild L. Muriaas (Project leader). Research project financed by FRIHUMSAM, the Research Council of Norway (2016-2020).

 

Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to women’s political representation in Malawi, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia.
Liv Tønnessen (project leader). Research project financed by NORDGLOBAL, the Research Council of Norway (2013-2017).


Labor migration and the moral sustainability of the Norwegian welfare state.

Stein Kuhnle (project leader). Research project funded by VAM, the Research Council of Norway (2013-2017).

Research groups