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Yvette Peters

Researcher
  • E-mailYvette.Peters@uib.no
  • Phone+47 908 84 903
  • Visitor Address
    Christiesgt. 15
    Room 
    314
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5007 BERGEN

Yvette is currently the coordinator of the research group 'Citizens, Opinion, and Representation', together with Elisabeth Ivarsflaten

Her research focusus on democracies, how work, how the change, and in what way institutions affect citizen behaviour. This research can be summarized in four segments:

 

“Political representation, responsiveness and inequality”

This project aims to better understand the relationship between citizens and their representatives in democracies. Democracy requires a certain level of congruence between what citizens want and what representatives do is required. One aspect in this perspective is the congruence between the preferences of the citizens and their (regional or party) representative; another is the congruence between people’s preferences and actual policy output; and yet another is the differentiated responsiveness of representatives—policies may favor some groups more than others. These types of relationships are central in this study, including the possible effects that different political institutions (e.g. electoral system; referendums; executive-legislative relation) may have on the level of congruence.

 

Restructuring democracy: ever increasing or perpetual crisis?”

This project looks at the development of democracies over time, but also at the way that democracy functions when it includes a specific combination of democratic elements. Democracies all over the world have changed in their institutional structure—both incrementally and in big steps. Considering these changes and the challenges that democracies have had to deal with over time, the shape of democracy seems to have changed. This project aims to see how they have changed, whether we can now distinguish a different type of democracy, and whether we may observe different clusters of democracies moving in different directions, in a quantitative way.

 

The impact of diffusion of politics on political participation” 

This project focuses on the implications of institutional change in democracies between 1980 and 2005. The political system, and the way that governments deal with the distribution of public goods, seems to have changed over time. Although national governments still deal with many political issues, a lot of tasks have been delegated to other instances. The aim of this project is to see whether different types of authority diffusion (horizontal, vertical, diagonal) have had an impact on levels and changes in levels of different forms of political participation (representative, extra-representative and direct), and to what extent these changes transformed democracy.

 

"The impact of intra-EU migration on welfare state attitudes"

As part of the project 'Labour migration and moral sustainability of the Norwegian welfare state' (directed by Stein Kuhnle and Cornelius Cappelen; funded by the Norwegian Research council), we investigate the extend that within-EU migration affects how people think about their own welfare state. Also comparing with other forms of immigration, we try to find out whether citizens are more/less supportive of welfare schemes, whether they become more protective or exclusive/inclusive, and in what way institutional structures affect such relationships.

 

Peters, Y. (05-04-2016), Political parties which operate in a direct democratic context tend to have a higher number of members on Democratic Audit UK: http://www.democraticaudit.com/?p=20815

 

Peters, Y. (03-06-2015), Electoral participation has an impact on political and socioeconomic inequality on Democratic Audit UK: http://www.democraticaudit.com/?p=13578

 

Peters & Ensink (2015) discussed in McElwee, S. (28-10-2015), The more unequal the country, the more the rich rule, in Aljazeera America: http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2015/10/the-more-unequal-the-count...

Yvette Peters has taught several courses at the Humboldt University in Berlin (2010-2013):
 

  • Comparing Democratic Systems Empirically: Data and Practical Aspects    (BA)      
  • Political Participation in Europe   (BA)      
  • Democratic Institutions and Democratic Reforms in the World (BA)          
  • Comparing Democracies: Conceptual & Empirical Differences and Changes (BA)             
  • Political Participation and Democracy (BA)            
  • Transnationalization? Convergence & Divergence in the Displacement of Politics (BA) 
  • Comparing Political Institutions (BA)        
  • Political representation: the relation between legislators and citizens (BA)            
  • Systemic Reforms and the Quality of Democracy: Institutional Effects (BA)

 

Books
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe 31: Challenges and Prospects. Routledge. ISBN: 1138100471.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 pages. ISBN: 9781138100473.
Journal articles
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. (Re-)join the party! The effects of direct democracy on party membership in Europe. European Journal of Political Research. 55: 138-159. doi: 10.1111/1475-6765.12120
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. Zero-sum democracy? The effects of direct democracy on representative participation. Political Studies. 64: 593-613. doi: 10.1177/0032321715607510
  • Peters, Yvette; Ensink, Sander J. 2015. Differential responsiveness in Europe: the effects of preference difference and electoral participation. West European Politics. 38: 577-600. doi: 10.1080/01402382.2014.973260
Book sections
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. Displacing Politics. The State of Democracy in an Age of Diffused Responsibility. 9, pages 163-186. In:
    • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 pages. ISBN: 9781138100473.
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. Hollower democracy? Studying the consequences of a changing demos. Chapter 13, pages 197-212. In:
    • Müller-Rommel, Ferdinand; Casal Bértoa, Fernando. 2016. Party Politics and Democracy in Europe. Essays in Honour of Peter Mair. Routledge. 264 pages. ISBN: 978-1-13-880056-4.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. The Contemporary State of Democracy in a Transformed Europe. 15, pages 297-325. In:
    • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 pages. ISBN: 9781138100473.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. The Transformation of Democracy. 1, pages 1-10. In:
    • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 pages. ISBN: 9781138100473.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Publications by theme:

“Political representation, responsiveness and inequality”

  • Peters, Y. & S. J. Ensink (2015), Differential Responsiveness in Europe: The Effects of Preference Difference and Electoral Participation, In West European Politics, 38:3. 577-600 (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402382.2014.973260#abstract)
  • Peters. Y., “Responsiveness, vetoes and ideology. How structure and politics condition representation”, under review
  • Arnesen, S. & Y. Peters, “The Legitimacy of Representation. Selection Procedures and Socio-economic Characteristics of Representatives in Decision-making Processes”, under review

 

Restructuring democracy: ever increasing or perpetual crisis?”

  • Peters, Y & M. Tatham (Forthcoming), “Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Opportunities”, Abingdon: Routledge (https://www.routledge.com/Democratic-Transformations-in-Europe-31-Challe...)
  • Peters, Y. (Forthcoming), “Displacing politics. The State of Democracy in an Age of Diffused Responsibility”, In Yvette Peters and Michaël Tatham (eds.), Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Opportunities,Abingdon: Routledge
  • Peters, Y. & M. Tatham (Forthcoming), “The Transformation of Democracy”, In Yvette Peters and Michaël Tatham (eds.), Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Prospects, Abingdon: Routledge
  • Peters, Y. & M. Tatham (Forthcoming), “The Contemporary State of Democracy in a Transformed Europe”, In Yvette Peters and Michaël Tatham (eds.), Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Prospects, Abingdon: Routledge
  • Peters, Y. (2016), “Hollower Democracy? Studying the Consequences of a Changing Demos”, In Ferdinand Muller-Rommel and Fernando Casal Bertoa (eds.), Party Politics And Democracy in Europe: Essays in Honor of Peter Mair, Abingdon/New York: Routledge Publisher (http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9781138800564/)

 

The impact of diffusion of politics on political participation”

 

"The impact of intra-EU migration on welfare state attitudes"

  • Peters, Y. & C. Cappelen “The Impact of Intra-EU Migration on Welfare Chauvinism”, under review
  • Peters, Y. & C. Cappelen “Diversity and Welfare State Legitimacy in Europe. The Challenge of Intra-EU Migration”, revise and resubmit

 

Work in progress

  • “Improving Responsiveness? The Effects of Direct Involvement Structures on Government Responsiveness”, with Alexander H. Trechsel (presented at CES Amsterdam)
  • “Political Representation and Citizen Involvement. The Social Policy Responsiveness to Different Participants in Europe” (presented at the ECPR general conference Glasgow)
  • “An experimental approach to radical right voting”, with Cornelius Cappelen, Elisabeth Ivarsflaten, and Tor Midtbø (presented at the NCP conference 2014 Bergen)
  • “Democratic Representation and Trust: how Responsiveness Facilitates Responsibility”, with Jonas Linde (to be presented at the ECPR general Conference in Prague)
  • “The Politics of Representation. The Role of Political Parties in Europe in and Age of Globalization and Liberalization” (to be presented at the ECPR general Conference in Prague)

 

Prizes

  • 2016: Gordon Smith and Vincent Wright Memorial Prize for one of two best articles in West European Politics
  • 2012: François Mény Prize for the Best Comparative Study of Political Institutions, for “Patterns of Change. A Study of the Relation Between Political Participation and Institutions” (PhD thesis), by the European University Institute, Florence, Italy

 

Work Experience

  • May 2013-current: Post-doctoral researcher (Department of comparative politics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (parental leave 10.2015-06.2016))
  • Sept.2010-March.2015: Assistant Professor (Philosophische Fakultät III, Social Sciences, Comparative Politics, Universität Humboldt, Berlin (On leave between May 2013 and March 2015))
  • 2007-2010: Full-Time Researcher (Department of Social and Political Science, European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy. Research funded by NUFFIC (Dutch education agency))
  • 2005-2007: Research/Teaching Assistant (Faculty of social and behavioural sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. (Various research and teaching assistance jobs))

 

Education

  • 2008-2011 (June 18): Ph.D Political Science (European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy. Title: “Patterns of Change. A Study of the Relation Between Political Participation and Institutions”; Committee: Alexander H. Trechsel (supervisor), Peter Mair, Russell J. Dalton, Jan W. Van Deth.)
  • Feb.-April 2010: Visiting Researcher (Chair of Prof. J. Van Deth, University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.)
  • 2007-2008: Master of Research (MRes) in political Science (Departement of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy.)
  • 2005-2007: Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Political Science (Focus on institutions and institutional analysis. Faculty of social and behavioural sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands)
  • 2002-2005: Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (BA) (Faculty of social and behavioural sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands)
  • 2004: Visiting Student (Erasmus) (Department of Political Science, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. One semester in the third year of the BA political science.)                                                              
  • 2001-2002: Aerospace engineering (first year) (Faculty of aerospace engineering at the University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands. Number of courses followed on, for example, calculus, linear algebra, material studies, aerodynamics, statics and dynamics)