Research projects at SKOK
The ongoing Research projects at the Center for Women's and Gender Research are listed below. Some of the projects have their own web-pages, where you will find more information about each project. You will also find a link with the contact information of the project leader in the list.
Get an overview of the current projects at SKOK. At the bottom of the page you will also find a link to previous projects.
Title: WAIT - Waiting for an uncertain future: the temporalities of irregular migration
Project Leader: Professor Christine M.Jacobsen (Social Anthropology)
Researchers at SKOK: Mary-Anne Karlsen, Kari Anne Drangsland, Randi Gressgård
Researchers at other institutions: Shahram Khosravi (Stockholm University), Karl Harald Søvig (UiB), Thomas Hylland Eriksen (UiO), Odin Lysaker (UiA).
The WAIT project uses theories of temporality and the concept of 'waitinghood' as tools for producing new and critical insights into the cultural conditions and implications of migration. 'Waitinghood' is about the condition of prolonged waiting, uncertainty and temporariness which is characteristic of irregular migration.
WAIT investigates how temporal structures related to irregular migration are shaped by legal regimes, cultural norms and power relationships, and how they shape subjective experiences and life projects. The project focuses on four European migration-hubs, notably Oslo (Norway), Stockholm (Sweden), Marseille (France) and Hamburg (Germany).
Planning for pluralism
Title: Planning for pluralism
Researcher: Professor Randi Elin Gressgård (Sociology)
Planning for pluralism (PLANPLUR) analyzes security measures directed at populations in so-called "vulnerable areas" in Sweden. In these areas, there are a number of preventive measures, where police, public agencies, voluntary organizations, and private businesses collaborate to counteract crime and violent extremism. These measures represent a gradual and partial shift in governance, from traditional, centralized security policies, to more emphasis on the responsibilities preparedness of local communities. This trend reflects a international orientation towards resilience-thinking in urban security politics, and is salient in the national Swedish police reform of 2015. PLANPLUR examines how this reorientation creates new challenges - and solutions - for preventive policies. However, as the shift in paradigm is only partial, and traditional and innovative logics of governance coexist, new conflicts and dilemmas arise. And since these are the result of arbitrary logics of governance, it is not possible to solve them through ordinary tools for problem-solving. Conflicts of governance cannot be solved, only dissolved. This is achieved through new communication strategies. The significant emphasis on communication is thus not only about practical-political coordination of collaborative efforts between stakeholders, but is also about the creation of narratives and about the aesthetic and affective use of "facts" in order to create common visions for the future for urban residents and involved actors.
Utopia and Migration
Title: Utopia and Migration. The history of Scandinavian mormons and Utah in the 19th Century
Researcher: Associate Professor Hanne Marie Johansen (History)
Gender in Norwegian courts
Title: Kjønn i Norske domstolar
Researcher: Ph.D.-candidate Kurt-Rune Bergset
Bergset's phd-project is multidisciplinary, combining political science and gender theory on the study of judicial behaviour, focusing on different ways gender is manifested in the court of law and in the intersection between law and politics or between the two political branches and the judicial branch of government. Theoretically, the project is mainly informed by theories of judicial behaviour, focusing on how male and female judges are recruited, differences in judges’ background, whether judges’ own gender or their ideas about gender may affect their behaviour in court, and how gendered discourses manifest themselves in legal literature. Methodologically, Bergset relies on a mixed-methods scheme, combining small-N interviews and discourse analysis with large-N analyses of judges’ votes and argumentation.
Real Difference; thinking sexual difference after Badiou
Title: Real Difference; thinking sexual difference after Badiou
Researcher: Ph.D.-candidate Magnus Bøe Michelsen (Litteraturvitenskap)
The project examines new possibilities to develope thinking on gender and inequality. The starting point of the project is the assumption that it is possible to concieve concrete gender and difference, and not only imaginary and symbolic gender and difference. Rather than thinking of difference as that which is made difference - man and woman - a real thinking of difference will draw on the space between these, in the difference itself. If one wishes to go beyond the antagonism between male and female discourses, and seek a thinking about gender that aims to be universal, thinking cannot be grounded in one gender or the other. Instead, it must be founded on the lowest common denominator that exists between man and woman - namely that they are both separated from each other. Only then it is possible to think about gender difference in itself.
The project will show hoe Alain Badiou's argument for a mathematical ontology lays the grounds for such a way of thinking, by mapping out the role that the thinking on gender of Jaqcues Lacan. With this starting point I will examine the hypothesis that there is a blind spot in Badiou, which prevents him from seeing the effects of gender outside the individual, and thereby actualize the potential of his thinking on gender to a larger degree. This way, I want to show how it is possible to tie a real thinking on gender to politics or the collective field, where this problematic is pressing.
A study of Iranian political grassroots' campaigns and scholarly texts in cyberspace
Title: A study of Iranian political grassroots' campaigns and scholarly texts in cyberspace.
Researcher: Ph.D.-candidate Gilda Seddighi (Media Studies)
The project examines texts on political prisoners and activists who died during the political conflict surrounding the presidential elections in Iran in 2009 - better known as the green movement - on iranian facebook-pages between 2011-2013. Seddighi focuses on how the political position "apolitical" is created through emotional expressions on three different facebook-pages: «We are all Haleh Sahabi», «Nasrin Sotoudeh» and «Supporters of Murning Mothers Harstad». The dissertation draws on previous research on constitutive practices of grief and ritual in shia-iranian political culture, to look at how these practices are reproduced in digital media. Particular attention is paid to norms of gender and sexuality in grief-processes, and how these authorize who can become a subject of grief, and who can not; how norms on gender and sexuality contribute to the production of a discourse on the "grievable life" on iranian facebook-pages, and how emotional expressions on these pages contribute to a political positioning as "apolitical".
The project relies on the theoretical framework of Pierre Bourdieu and Judith Butler, particularly on their conceptualization of "politization". Similarities and differences between these theoretical perspectives on politization are discussed to signal how digital media can simultaneously be used for political positioning and recognition of political prisoners and victims of the political conflict, and for the exclusion of those forms of life who are not recognized as grievable in accordance with gendered norms.
Transgender politics/bodies in Ukraine
Title: Transgender politics/bodies in Ukraine.
Researcher: Ph.D.-candidate Nadzeya Husakouskaya
This project analyzes transgender politics of contemporary Ukraine and the ways transgender phenomenon has been gradually constructed as a problem to be solved within a broader geopolitical framework of Europeanization and European choice of/for Ukraine. Husakouskaya investigate how and why transgender issues in contemporary Ukraine are problematized and instrumentalized by global and local actors within the framework of the civilizational East/West divide. Husakouskaya pays attention to critical analysis of governmental (neo)colonial techniques deployed by global and local actors who recreates East/West dichotomy through problematization of LGBT rights. The case of Ukraine is used as an entry point into discussions on the universality of LGBT politics and transgender politics in particular and applicability in this respect of a (post-)colonial critical lens to post-Soviet spatio-temporal entities.
Nature and gender difference
Title: Natur og kjønnsforskjell: det naturlege ved kjønnsforskjellen hjå Luce Irigaray
Researcher: Ph.D.-candidate Marita Ådnanes (Philosophy)