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Bergen Open Research Archive

Bergen Open Research Archive (BORA) is the open research archive at the University of Bergen. BORA contains master theses, PhD theses and other scienftific publications in full-text.

You can make your master thesis, PhD thesis or other scientific publications or research data available Open Access in Bergen Open Reserach Archive (BORA). Publications can be made available in BORA by contacting us, or by uploading the full-text in CRIStin. Please contact us if you have questions about copyright.

Scientific works in BORA

Employees of UiB can self-archive their scientific works in UiB’s institutional repository BORA. By doing this you will make your work more visible and easier to share.

The author holds the copyright to scientific works that has not been published. For published work where the copyright is transferred to the publisher, permission must be obtained before the work can be made available in BORA.

To check the publishers' policies, please see Sherpa/RoMEO.

How to self-archive your scientific works in BORA

Research which is registered or should be registered in CRIStin can be self-archived by using the following instruction:

  1. Log in to CRIStin and search for your works. If the work is not registered, this must first be done.
  2. Click on the number before the item to see the complete item.
  3. Click on the button “Deliver full-text document” at the bottom of the page.
  4. You must accept the required fields. Please note that BORA checks the publishers’ policy, so you don’t need permission from the publisher. You must then state which version you submit. In most cases it is the author’s accepted peer-reviewed manuscript (post-print) which the publisher allows to be self-archived, so please upload that version. Read more about versions of articles.
  5. Upload the file (preferably as a PDF).
  6. The University Library will then receive the uploaded full-text document and
    • Check that the publisher permits self-archiving of the uploaded version. In instances where the publisher permits self-archiving of the published version, this will be used.
    • Check if the publisher has an embargo for when the work may be made openly available and implement this embargo in BORA.

It is also possible to upload your scientific works directly in BORA. Please contact bora@uib.no if you are not registered as a user.

If you have question or need held, please contact us.

Master’s theses in BORA

How to make your thesis available in BORA?

All master students at the University of Bergen are welcome to make their thesis available in BORA.

You can agree to publish your thesis in BORA when you submit it for assessment in Studentweb. If the thesis is approved it will be transferred to BORA after examination.

You can also choose to make your thesis available at a later stage by sending a signed contract to bora@uib.no or to: Bergen Open Research Archive, Postbox 7808, 5020 Bergen, Norway

You can withdraw the thesis from BORA by contacting bora@uib.no

Why make your thesis available in BORA?

  • Master’s theses are an important contribution to Norwegian research.
  • Students, researchers and others can benefit from reading your thesis. In BORA, you distribute your thesis to others efficiently.
  • Google, Google Scholar, library catalogues and other search engines, indexes BORA. Your thesis will be searchable and available all over the world.
  • You can refer to you thesis when you apply for a job.
  • BORA is a non-commercial system that ensures long time archiving. Your thesis will always be available through a permanent link.
  • You give the University of Bergen the possibility to collect and make visible its research output.

The University Library no longer receives printed versions of theses, so BORA is the only place where your thesis will be available to read, download and copy.

Who owns copyright?

You own copyright to your master’s thesis, and have the right to decide if it should be made available in BORA or not (students from the Science faculty also need an approval from their supervisor).

However, if you are planning to publish whole or parts of your thesis, you should first check the publisher’s guidelines towards making theses available in an open archive. An alternative is to postpone making your thesis available in BORA until after publishing.

When you submit your thesis through Studentweb, you have the possibility to put an embargo on when the thesis will be available. This makes it possible for you to publish your thesis, and at the same time make it available in BORA after the embargo period has ended.

Norwegian copyright law protects material in BORA. Master’s theses are available with a licence that gives users the right to read, download and copy for private use. The author keeps copyright. The University of Bergen gets a non-exclusive right to make the master’s thesis available.

If you want to use a Creative Commons-license, you can contact bora@uib.no. By choosing an open license, you give users extended re-use rights.

When re-using others material you must ask the creator of the work/ the rights holder for permission. This, for example, applies to the re-use of pictures, illustrations and graphs in the thesis. You do not need permission for work published with an open license.

For more information about your rights and re-use of other’s work, see the page Copyright to own scientific work.

PhD theses in BORA

How to make your thesis available in BORA?

All PhD candidates from the University of Bergen get an offer by e-mail to make their PhD thesis available in BORA. We send the e-mail after the announcement of the date of defence.

If you want to ensure that your thesis is available online before defence, send the contract to bora@uib.no

If you wish to make your thesis available at a later stage, send the contract to bora@uib.no

You can also choose to upload your thesis in CRIStin for transference to BORA. This gives you an automatic link between the full-text in BORA and your profile in CRIStin.

BORA clears copyright for articles before making the thesis available.

 Why make your thesis available in BORA?

  • Researchers, students and others can benefit from reading your thesis. In BORA, you distribute your research to others efficiently.
  • Google, Google Scholar, library catalogues and other search engines, indexes BORA. Your thesis will be searchable and available all over the world.
  • BORA is a non-commercial system that ensures long time archiving. Your thesis will always be available through a permanent link.
  • You can link your thesis to your research profile in CRIStin and other web pages.
  • You give the University of Bergen the possibility to collect and make visible its research output.

Who owns copyright?

As a rule, you own copyright to your PhD thesis. However, a publisher might own copyright to the whole thesis or to articles. In such cases, it is necessary to ask for permission to make the work available in BORA. This can be done, either by consulting the contract, the publisher web page, the Sherpa/RoMEO database (for articles), or by contacting the publisher directly.

Norwegian copyright law protects material in BORA. PhD theses are available with a licence that gives users the right to read, download and copy for private use. The author keeps copyright. The University of Bergen gets a non-exclusive right to make the PhD thesis available.

If you want to use a Creative Commons-license instead, you can contact bora@uib.no. By choosing an open license, you give users extended re-use rights.

When re-using others material you must ask the creator of the work/ the rights holder for permission. This, for example, applies to the re-use of pictures, illustrations and graphs in the thesis. You do not need to ask for permission for work made available with an open license.

For more information about your rights and re-use of other’s work, see the page Copyright to own scientific work.

Article-based PhD theses

The publisher usually owns copyright to published articles. There is an exception for articles published Open Access with an open license. In such cases, the author keeps copyright and gives others extended re-use rights.

BORA takes care of clearing copyright for articles, so you do not need permission from the publisher.

You must yourself obtain permission (oral or written) from co-authors to make articles available online. You do not need permission for articles made available with an open license.

Usually the publisher will allow you to make the accepted, peer-reviewed version available, but not the final published version. If you hold on to your peer-reviewed author version of the article, it is more likely that you can make the complete thesis available in BORA.

Most publishers permit making preprint articles available online. Still, if you are unsure about consequences, you can wait until the article is accepted.

Read more about different versions of articles.

In BORA, we refer and link to the full-text version of the articles on the journal homepage (see example from BORA).

Some publishers have an embargo period on articles. In BORA, we ensure that these articles are available only after the embargo period is over.

You can find more information about clearing copyright and versions of articles here. Take contact with bora@uib.no if you have any questions.

Monographs

You might either have published your PhD thesis, or plan to publish it, with a commercial book publisher. In such cases, it is a possibility that the publisher will not allow you to make available your thesis in BORA. This will vary from publisher to publisher, and often it will depend on how much you revise the thesis in the process of publishing.

We recommend that you to contact the publisher and enquire what guidelines they have when it comes to making the thesis available online. Often it will be possible to make available the PhD theses after some time, especially if the book goes out of print. Many book publishers give rights back to the author after some years if the author asks for this.

More information about clearing copyright.

Data sets in BORA

How to make your data set available in BORA?

Students and researchers at UiB can make their data sets available in BORA. The service is best suited for smaller data sets. The data sets will receive a persistent link that can be used for citation. Depositing data sets in BORA complies with policies that request open access to data related to publications.

When depositing your data set in BORA you will also need to upload a README file. A README file provides information about the data and is intended to help ensure that the data can be correctly interpreted.

We recommend that a README be a plain text file containing the following:

  • for each filename, a short description of what data it includes, optionally describing the relationship to the tables, figures, or sections within the accompanying publication
  • for tabular data: definitions of column headings and row labels; data codes; and measurement units
  • any data processing steps, especially if not described in the publication, that may affect interpretation of results
  • a description of what associated data sets are stored elsewhere, if applicable
  • whom to contact with questions

To deposit your data in BORA, please do the following:

  1. Log in to https://bora.uib.no/login via your UiB account (LDAP) to create a new user account.
  2. Send an e-mail to bora@uib.no to ask for your account to be activated.
  3. When the account is activated you will be able to deposit your data.