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|As of 1997, none
of the injury data from the 1986 survey had been analyzed. At this time, a
team of researchers interested in activity-related injuries began discussing
an investigation of this data. Three distinct studies emerged from the
The first paper was a simple description of injury patterns in this sample. Prevalence of activity-related and all-cause injuries was compared across demographic characteristics.
The second paper quantified the association between physical activity levels, physical fitness and the risk of activity-related and "other" injuries. The focus was on looking at the amounts and types of physical activity recommended by national health organizations and their influence on injury risk compared to more vigorous activities.
The third paper looked at a subset of participants who engaged in running or walking as their primary activity and formulated gender-specific prediction models for lower extremity injury over 2 time periods.