Kvartære geosystemer


In press

Becker, L.W.M., Hjelstuen, B.O., Støren, E.W.N., Sejrup. H.P., Automated counting of sand sized particles in marine records. Sedimentology. In press

Becker, L.W.M., Sejrup. H.P., Hjelstuen, B.O., Haflidason, H., Dokken, T.M. Ocean-ice sheet interaction along the SE Nordic Seas margin from 35-15 ka BP. Marine Geology. In Press.

Gjerde, M., Bakke, J., D'Andrea, W. J., Balascio, N. L., Bradley, R. S., Vasskog, K., ... & Hormes, A. Holocene multi-proxy environmental reconstruction from lake Hakluytvatnet, Amsterdamøya Island, Svalbard (79.5° N). Quaternary Science Reviews. In press

Gregory, A., Balascio, N. L., D'Andrea, W. J., Bakke, J., Bradley, R. S., & Perren, B. (2017). Holocene glacier activity reconstructed from proglacial lake Gjøavatnet on Amsterdamøya, NW Svalbard. Quaternary Science Reviews. In press

Mangerud, J., & Svendsen, J. I. (2017). The Holocene Thermal Maximum around Svalbard, Arctic North Atlantic; molluscs show early and exceptional warmth. The Holocene. In press

Morén, B., Sejrup, H.P., Hjelstuen, B.O., Borge, M., Schaüble, C., The last deglaciation of the Norwegian Channel; geomorphology, stratigraphy and radiocarbon dating. Boreas. In press

Stoker, M., Stewart, M.,  Shannon, P.,  Bjerager, M., Nielsen, T.,  Blischke, A., Hjelstuen, B.O.,  Gaina, C., McDermott, K., Olavsdottir, J., An overview of the Upper Paleozoic-Mesozoic stratigraphy of the NE Atlantic region. Geoloical Society London Special Publication 447. In press.

Tegzes, A. D., Jansen, E., Lorentzen, T., & Telford, R. J. Northward oceanic heat transport in the main branch of the Norwegian Atlantic Current over the late Holocene. The Holocene. In press

van der Bilt, W. G., Bakke, J., Werner, J. P., Paasche, Ø., Rosqvist, G., Vatle, S. S. Late Holocene glacier reconstruction reveals retreat behind present limits and two‐stage Little Ice Age on subantarctic South Georgia. Journal of Quaternary Science. In press



Solli, K., Vikebø, J.A., Søyland, E., Hjelstuen, B.O., Kjennbakken, H.,  Thomassen, T., 2017. Detailed site survey examining the postglacial sediment succession and depositional processes within a Norwegian fjord system, Bjørnafjorden (west Norway). Norwegian Journal of Geology 97, 95-104.

van der Bilt, W. G., Lane, C. S., Bakke, J., 2017. Ultra-distal Kamchatkan ash on Arctic Svalbard: Towards hemispheric cryptotephra correlation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 164, 230-235.

Eide, M., Olsen, A., Ninnemann, U. S., & Johannessen, T. (2017). A global ocean climatology of preindustrial and modern ocean δ13C. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31(3), 515-534.

Eide, M., Olsen, A., Ninnemann, U. S., & Eldevik, T. (2017). A global estimate of the full oceanic 13C Suess effect since the preindustrial. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31(3), 492-514.

Mangerud, J., Briner, J. P., Goslar, T., & Svendsen, J. I. (2017). The Bølling‐age Blomvåg Beds, western Norway: implications for the Older Dryas glacial re‐advance and the age of the deglaciation. Boreas, 46(2), 162-184.

Gump, D. J., Briner, J. P., Mangerud, J., & Svendsen, J. I. (2017). Deglaciation of Boknafjorden, south‐western Norway. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32(1), 80-90.

Zhang, J. F., Xu, B., Turner, F., Zhou, L., Gao, P., Lü, X., & Nesje, A. (2017). Long-term glacier melt fluctuations over the past 2500 yr in monsoonal High Asia revealed by radiocarbon-dated lacustrine pollen concentrates. Geology, 45(4), 359-362.

Laumann, T., & Nesje, A. (2017). Volume–area scaling parameterisation of Norwegian ice caps: A comparison of different approaches. The Holocene, 27(1), 164-171.

Mazzini, A., Svensen, H. H., Forsberg, C. F., Linge, H., Lauritzen, S. E., Haflidason, H., ... & Tjelta, T. I. (2017). A climatic trigger for the giant Troll pockmark field in the northern North Sea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 464, 24-34.

Philipps, W., Briner, J. P., Gislefoss, L., Linge, H., Koffman, T., Fabel, D., ... & Hormes, A. (2017). Late Holocene glacier activity at inner Hornsund and Scottbreen, southern Svalbard. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32(4), 501-515.

Reinardy, B. T., Hjelstuen, B. O., Sejrup, H. P., Augedal, H., & Jørstad, A. (2017). Late Pliocene-Pleistocene environments and glacial history of the northern North Sea. Quaternary Science Reviews, 158, 107-126.



Bellwald, B., Hjelstuen, B.O., Sejrup, H.P., Haflidason, H., 2016. Postglacial mass movements and depositional environments in a high-latitude fjord system – Hardangerfjorden, Western Norway. Marine Geology 379, 157-175.

Bellwald, B., Hjelstuen, B.O., Sejrup, H.P., Haflidason, H., 2016. Postglacial mass failure in the Inner Hardangerfjorden, Western Norway. In: Lamarche, G et al. (eds) Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazard Research, pp 73-82.

Gjerde, M., Bakke, J., Vasskog, K., Nesje, A., Hormes, A., 2016. Holocene glacier variability and Neoglacial hydroclimate at Ålfotbreen, western Norway, Quaternary Science Reviews 133, 28-47.

Hansen, L., Waldmann, N., Storms, J., Eilertsen, R. S., Ariztegui, D., Chapron, E., Nesje, A., 2016. Morphological signatures of mass wasting and delta processes in a fjord-lake system: insights from Lovatnet, western Norway. Norwegian Journal of Geology, 96(3), 9-30.

Hjelstuen, B.O., Grinde, S., 2016. 3D seismic investigation of Pleistocene Mass Transport Deposits and Glacigenic Debris Flows on the North Sea Fan, NE Atlantic Margin. In: Lamarche, G et al. (eds) Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazard Research, pp 265-272.

Hughes, A. L. C.  Gyllencreutz, R., Lohne, Ø. S. Mangerud, J., Svendsen, J. I., 2016. The last Eurasian ice sheets – a chronological database and time-slice reconstruction, DATED-1. Boreas 45(1), 1-45.

Irvalı, N., Ninnemann, U. S., Kleiven, H. K. F., Galaasen, E. V., Morley, A., & Rosenthal, Y. (2016). Evidence for regional cooling, frontal advances, and East Greenland Ice Sheet changes during the demise of the last interglacial. Quaternary Science Reviews, 150, 184-199.

Jansen, H. L., Simonsen, J. R., Dahl, S. O., Bakke, J., & Nielsen, P. R. (2016). Holocene glacier and climate fluctuations of the maritime ice cap Høgtuvbreen, northern Norway. The Holocene, 26(5), 736-755.

Jeremy C. Ely, Chris D. Clark, Matteo Spagnolo, Chris R. Stokes, Sarah L. Greenwood, Anna L.C. Hughes, Paul Dunlop, Dale Hess, Do subglacial bedforms comprise a size and shape continuum?, Geomorphology, Volume 257, 108-119, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.01.001

Kvarven, T., Mjelde, R., Hjelstuen, B.O., Faleide, J.I., Thybo, H., Flueh, E.R., Murai, Y.,2016. Crustal somposition of the Møre Margin and compilation of a conjugate Atlantic margin transect. Tectonophysics 666, 144-157

Langehaug, H. R., Mjell, T. L., Otterå, O. H., Eldevik, T., Ninnemann, U. S., & Kleiven, H. F. (2016). On the reconstruction of ocean circulation and climate based on the “Gardar Drift”. Paleoceanography 31, 399-415.

Mangerud, J., Aarseth, I., Hughes, A.L.C., Lohne, Ø.S., Skår, K., Sønstegaard, E., Svendsen, J.I. 2016. A major re-growth of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet in western Norway during Allerød-Younger Dryas. Quaternary Science Reviews, 132, 175-205, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.11.0

Mjell, T. L., Ninnemann, U. S., Kleiven, H. F., Hall, I. R., 2016. Multidecadal changes in Iceland Scotland Overflow Water vigor over the last 600 years and its relationship to climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(5), 2111-2117.

Moros, M., Lloyd, J. M., Perner, K., Krawczyk, D., Blanz, T., de Vernal, A., ... & Schneider, R. (2016). Surface and sub-surface multi-proxy reconstruction of middle to late Holocene palaeoceanographic changes in Disko Bugt, West Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews, 132, 146-160.

Pellitero, R., Rea, B.R., Spagnolo, M., Bakke, J., Ivy-Ochs, S., Frew, C.R., Hughes, P., Ribolini, A., Lukas, S., Renssen, H., 2016. GlaRe, A GIS tool to reconstruct the 3D surface of palaeoglaciers. Computers & Geosciences 94, 77-85.

Sejrup, H.P., Clark, C.D., Hjelstuen, B.O., 2016. Rapid ice sheet retreat triggered by ice stream buttressing: Evidence from the North Sea. Geology 44(5), 355-358.

Solomina, O., Bradley, R.S., Jomelli, V., Geirsdottir, A., Kaufman, D.S., Koch, J., McKay, N.P., Masiokas, M., Miller, G., Nesje, A., Nicolussi, K., Owen, L.A., Putnam, A.E., Wanner, H., Wiles, G. and Yang, B., 2016. Glacier fluctuations during the past 2000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 149, 61-90.

Sælen, G., Lunde, I. L., Porten, K. W., Braga, J. C., Dundas, S. H., Ninnemann, U. S., Ronen, Y., Talbot, M. R., 2016. Oyster Shells As Recorders of Short-Term Oscillations of Salinity and Temperature During Deposition of Coral Bioherms and Reefs In the Miocene Lorca Basin, SE Spain. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 86(6), 637-667.

Laberg, J.S., Baeten, N.J., Vanneste, M., Forsberg, C.F., Forwick, M. and Haflidason, H., 2016. Sediment Failure Affecting Muddy Contourites on the Continental Slope Offshore Northern Norway: Lessons Learned and Some Outstanding Issues.  In Lamarche et al. (eds), Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research 41, 281-289.

Stegmann, S. Keiter, S., L’Heureux, J.S., Vanneste, M., Völker, D., Baeten, N.J., Knudsen, S., Rise, L. Longva, O., Brendryen, J., Haflidason, H., Chand, S., Mörz and Kopf, A., 2016. First Results of the Geotechnical In Situ Investigation for Soil Characterisation Along the Upper Slope Off Vesterålen: Northern Norway. In Lamarche et al. (eds), Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research 41, 211-219.

Ullermann, J., F. Lamy, U. Ninnemann, R. Gersonde, G. Kuhn, G. Winkler, R. Tiedemann, 2016. Pacific-Atlantic Circumpolar Deep Water coupling during the last 500 ka, Paleoceanography 31, 2016

Gjerlow, E., Haflidason, H., Pedersen, R.B., 2016. Holocene explosive volcanic activity on Jan Mayen. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 321, 31-43.



Hammer, Ø., Planke, S., Hafeez. A., Hjelstuen, B.O., Faleide, J.I., Kvalø. F., 2015. Agderia – a postglacial lost land in the southern Norwegian North Sea. Norwegian Journal of Geology 96, 43-60.

Hillier, J.K., Smith, M.J., Armugam, R., Barr, I., Boston, C.M., Clark, C.D., Ely, J., Fankl, A., Greenwood, S.L., Gosselin, L., Hättestrand, C., Hogan, K., Hughes, A.L.C., Livingstone, S.J., Lovell, H., McHenry, M., Munoz, Y., Pellicer, X.M., Pellitero, R., Robb, C., Roberson, S., Rüther, D., Spagnolo, M., Standell, M., Stokes, C.R., Storrar, R., Tate N.J., Wooldridge K. 2015. Manual mapping of drumlins in synthetic landscapes to assess operator effectiveness, Journal of Maps, 11:5, 719-729, doi:10.1080/17445647.2014.957251

Hjelstuen, B.O., Andreassen, E.V., 2015. North Atlantic deep water processes and depositional environments: A study of the Cenozoic Norway Basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology 59, 429-441

Hughes, A.L.C., Gyllencreutz, R., Lohne, Ø.S., Mangerud, J., Svendsen, J.I. (2015) The last Eurasian Ice Sheets - a chronological database and time-slice reconstruction, DATED-1. Boreas, doi:10.1111/bor.12142

Lohmann, K., Mignot, J., Langehaug, H. R., Jungclaus, J. H., Matei, D., Otterå, O. H., Gao, Y.Q., Mjell, T.L., Ninnemann, U.S., Kleiven, H. F., 2015. Using simulations of the last millennium to understand climate variability seen in palaeo-observations: similar variation of Iceland–Scotland overflow strength and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Climate of the Past Discussions, 11(2), 203-216.

Mjell, T.L., Ninnemann, U.S., Eldvik, T., Leiven, H.F., 2015. Holocene multidecadal- to millennial-scale variations in Iceland-Scotland overflow and their relationship to climate. Paleocenaography 30(5), 558-569.

Pellitero, P., Rea, B.R., Spagnolo, M., Bakke, J., Hughes, P., Ivy-Ochs, S., Lukas, S., Ribolini, A., 2015.  A GIS tool for automatic calculation of glacier equilibrium-line altitudes, Computers & Geosciences 82, 55-62,

Røthe, T., Bakke, J., Vasskog, K., Gjerde, M., D`Andrea, W.J.,  Bradley, R. 2015. Arctic Holocene glacier fluctuations reconstructed from lake sediments at Mitrahalvøya, Spitsbergen. Quaternary Science Reviews, 109, 11-125.

Sejrup, H.P., Hjelstuen, B.O., Nygård, A., Haflidason, H., Mardal, I., 2015. Late Devensian ice marginal features in the central North Sea – processes and chronology. Boreas 44, 1-13.

Sejrup, H.P., Seppä, H., McKay, N.P., Kaufmann, D.S., Geirsdottir, A., de Vernal, A., Renssen, H., Husum, K., Jennings, A., Andrews, J.T., 2016. North Atlantic-Fennoscandia Holocene climate trends and mechanisms. Quaternary Science Reviews 147, 365-378.

Solomina, O., Bradley, R., Hodgson, D.A., Ivy-Ochs, S., Jomellie, V., Macintosh, A.N., Nesje, A., Owen, L.A., Wanner, H., Wiles, G.C., Young, N.E., 2015. Holocene glacier fluctuations. Quaternary Science Reviews 111, 9-34.

Stokes, C.R., Tarasov, L., Blomdin R., Cronin, T.M., Fisher, T.G., Gyllencreutz, R., Hättestrand, C., Heyman, J., Hindmarsh, R.C.A., Hughes, A.L.C., Jakobsson, M., Kirchner, N., Livingstone, S.J., Margold, M., Murton, J.B., Noormets, R., Peltier, W.R., Peteet, D.M., Piper, D.J.W., Preusser, F., Renssen, H. Roberts, D.H., Roche, D.M., Saint-Ange, F., Stroeven, A.P., Teller, J.T. 2015. On the reconstructionof palaeo-ice sheets: Recent advances and future challenges. Quaternary Science Reviews, 125, 15-49, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.016

Stokes, C.R., Tarasov, L., Blomdin R., Cronin, T.M., Fisher, T.G., Gyllencreutz, R., Hättestrand, C., Heyman, J., Hindmarsh, R.C.A., Hughes, A.L.C., Jakobsson, M., Kirchner, N., Livingstone, S.J., Margold, M., Murton, J.B., Noormets, R., Peltier, W.R., Peteet, D.M., Piper, D.J.W., Preusser, F., Renssen, H. Roberts, D.H., Roche, D.M., Saint-Ange, F., Stroeven, A.P., Teller, J.T. 2015. On the reconstruction of palaeo-ice sheets: Recent advances and future challenges. Quaternary Science Reviews, 125, 15-49, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.016

Svendsen, J.I., Briner, J.P., Mangerud, J., Young, N.E., 2015. Early break-up of the Norwegian Channel Ice Stream during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews 107,232-242.

van der Bilt, W.G.M., Bakke, J., Vasskog, K., D'Andrea, W.J., Bradley, R.S., Ólafsdóttir, S., 2015. Reconstruction of glacier variability from lake sediments reveals dynamic Holocene climate in Svalbard, Quaternary Science Reviews 126, 201-218.

Wittmeier,  H. E., Bakke, J.,  Vasskog, K., Trachsel, M., 2015. Reconstructing Holocene glacier activity at Langfjordjøkelen, Arctic Norway, using multi-proxy fingerprinting of distal glacier-fed lake sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 114, 78-99

Amundsen, H.B., Laberg, J.S., Vorren, T.O., Haflidason, H., Forwick, M. and Bull-Mortensen, P., 2015. Late Weichselian - Holocene evolution of the high-latitude Andøya submarine Canyon, North-Norwegian continental margin. Marine Geology 363, 1-14.

Vanneste, M., Forsberg, C.F., Knudsen, S., Kvalstad, T.J., L´Heureux, J.-S., Lunne, T., Vardy, M., Shand, S., Longva, O., Kopf, A, Mörz, T., Steiner, A., Brendryen, J. and Haflidason, H., 2015.  Integration of very-high-resolution seismic and CPTU data from a coastal area affected by shallow landsliding – the Finneidfjord natural laboratory. In: Meyer (Ed.) 3rd International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics (ISOFG15), 1017-1022, Taylor & Francise Group, London

Voelker, A. and Haflidason, H., 2015. Refining the Icelandic tephrochronology of the last glacial period – The deep-sea core PS2644 record from southern Greenland Sea. Global and Planetary Change 131, 35-62.

Brendryen, J., Haflidason, H., Rise, L., Chand, S., Vanneste, M., Longva, O., L'heuréux, J.-S. ND Forsberg, C.F., 2015. Ice sheet dynamics on the Lofoten-vesterålen shelf, north Norway, from Late MIS-3 to Heinrich Stadial 1. Quaternary Science Reviews 119, 136-156.

Paus, A., Boessenkool, S., Brochmann, C., Epp, L.S., Fabel, D., Haflidason, H., Linge, H., 2015. Lake Store Finnsjøen – a key for understanding Lateglacial/early Holocene vegetation and ice sheet dynamics in the central Scandes Mountains. Quaternary Science Reviews 121, 36-51.




Abbott, P.M., Austin, W.E., Davies, S.M., Pearce, N.J., Rasmussen, T.L., Wastegard, S., Brendryen, J., 2014. Re-evaluation and extension of the Marine Isotope Stage 5 tephrostratigraphy of the Faroe Island Region: the cryptotephra record. Pal. Pal. Pal., 409, 153-168.

Alexanderson, H., Backman, J., Cronin, T.M., Funder, S., Ingólfsson, Ó., Jakobsson, M., Landvik, J.Y., Löwemark, L., Mangerud, J., März, C., Möller, P., O'Regan, M., Spielhagen, R.F., 2014. An Arctic perspective on dating Mid-Late Pleistocene environmental history. Quaternary Science Reviews 92, 9-31.

Anjar J, Larsen NK, Håkansson L, Möller P, Linge H, Fabel D, Xu S. 2014. A 10Be based reconstruction of the Fennoscandian ice sheet’s deglaciation in southern Sweden. Boreas 43, 132-148.

Baeten, N.J., Laberg, J.S., Forwick, M., Vorren, T.O., Vanneste, M., Forsberg, C.F., Kvalstad, T.J. and Haflidason, H., 2014. Origin of shallow submarine mass movements and their glide plane - sedimentological and geotechnical analyses from the continental slope off northern Norway. Journal of Geophysical Research- Earth Surface, 119(11), 2335-2360.

Birks, H.H,  Aarnes, I., Bjune, A.E.,  Brooks, S.J., Bakke, J.,  Kühl, N., Birks, H.J.B, 2014. Late-glacial and early-Holocene climate variability reconstructed from multi proxy records on Andøya, northern Norway. Quaternary Science Reviews, 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.01.018

Briner, J.P., Svendsen, J.I., Mangerud, J., Lohne, Ø.S., Young, N.E., 2014. A 10Be chronology of south-western Scandinavian Ice Sheet history during the Lateglacial period. Journal of Quaternary Science 29, 370-380.

Dyke, L.M., Hughes, A.L.C., Murray, T., Hiemstra, J.F., Andresen, C.S., Rodés, Á. 2014. Evidence for the asynchronous retreat of large outlet glaciers in southeast Greenland at the end of the last glaciation, Quaternary Science Reviews, 99, 244-259, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.001

Henriksen M, Landvik JY, Peterson G, Alexanderson H, Linge H. 2014. Dynamics and retreat of the Late Weichselian Kongsfjorden ice stream, NW Svalbard. Quaternary Science Reviews 92, 235-245.

Hjelstuen, B.O. and Brendryen, J., 2014. Submarine mass movements and trigger mechanisms in Byfjorden, western Norway. In: Krastel et al. (eds) Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazard Research 37, 351 - 359.

Hughes, A.L.C., Clark, C.D., Jordan, C.J. 2014. Flow-pattern evolution of the last British Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews, 89, 148-168. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.02.002

Kvarven, T., Hjelstuen, B.O., Mjelde, R., 2014.Tectonic and sedimentary processes along the ultraslow Knipovich spreading ridge. Marine Geophysical Research 35, 89-103.

Larsen NK, Funder S, Kjær KH, Kjeldsen KK, Knudsen MF, Linge H. 2014. Rapid early Holocene ice retreat in West Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews 92, 310-323.

Lauman, T., Neskje, A., 2014. Spørteggbreen, western Norway, in the past, present and future: Simulation with two-dimensional dynamic model. The Holcene 24, 842-852.

Lohne, Ø. S., Mangerud, J., Birks, H. H., 2014. IntCal13 calibrated ages of the Vedde and Saksunarvatn ashes and the Younger Dryas boundaries from Kråkenes, western Norway.  Journal of Quaternary Science 29, 506-507.

NAG-TEC group (including Hjelstuen, B.O.), 2014. Tectonostratigraphic Atlas of the North-East Atlantic region. 340 pp. (Ed. Hopper, J., GEUS. Not for public release before June 2016)

Nesje, A., Bakke, J., Brooks, S.T., Kaufman, D.S., Kihlberg, E., Trachsel, M., D'Andreas, W.J., Matthews, J.A:, 2014. Late glacial and Holocene envirnmental changes inferred from sediments in Lake Myklevatnet, Nordfjord, western Norway, Veget Hist Archaeobot 23, 229-248.

Portnova, D.A., Mokievskjy, V.O., Haflidason, H. and Todt, C., 2014. Metazoan meiobenthos and nematode taxocenosis in the Nyegga pockmark field (Norwegian Sea). Biologiya Morya, 40(4), 268–278

Portnova, D.A., Mokievsky, V.O., Haflidason, H. and Todt, C., 2014. Metazoan Meiobenthos and Nematode Assemblages in the Nyegga Region of Methane Seepage (Norwegian Sea). Russian Journal of Marine Biology. 40(4), 255–265

Sundqvist, H.S et al. (including Sejrup, H.P & Bakke, J.), 2014. Arctic Holocene proxy climate database – new approaches to assessing geochronological accuracy and encoding climate variables. Climatic Past Discussions 10, 1–63.

Svendsen, J.I., Krüger, L.C., Mangerud, J., Astakhov, V.I., Paus, A., Nazarov, D., Murray, A., 2014. Glacial and vegetation history of the Polar Ural Mountains in northern Russia during the Last Ice Age, Marine Isotope Stages 5-2. Quaternary Science Reviews 92, 409-428