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Christoph Heinze


Geofysisk institutt


Hjemmeside: http://www.bjerknes.uib.no/pages.asp?kat=5&pid=44&lang=1

Stilling: professor

Telefon: 55 58 98 44

Mobiltelefon: 975 57 119 SMS


Besøksadresse: Allegt. 70

Modelling of marine biogeochemical cycles.

Quantifications of the global carbon cycle.

Simulation and interpretation of the climatic sediment record.

Feedbacks between biogeochemistry and climate.

Ocean acidification.

Prognostic 3-D simulations with biogeochemical ocean general circulation models.

Marine carbon and silicon cycles.

Early diagenesis modelling including synthetic sediment cores.

Simulations of oceanic tracers including transient tracers and radionuclides.

Earth system modelling.

Publikasjoner i Cristin

Heinze, C., and M. Gehlen, 2013, Modeling Ocean Biogeochemical Processes and the Resulting Tracer Distributions (Ch. 26), in Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (Eds.): Ocean Circulation and Climate, 2ndEd. A 21st century perspective, Elsevier, 667-694.




Ilyina, T., D. Wolf-Gladrow, G. Munhoven, and C. Heinze, 2013, Assessing the potential of calcium-based artificial ocean alkalinization to mitigate rising atmospheric CO2 and ocean acidification, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1–6, doi:10.1002/2013GL057981.




Bopp, L., L. Resplandy, J.C. Orr, S.C. Doney, J. P. Dunne, M. Gehlen, P. Halloran, C. Heinze, T. Ilyina, R. Séférian, J. Tjiputra, and M. Vichi, 2013, Multiple stressors of ocean ecosystems in the 21st century: projections with CMIP5 models, Biogeosciences, 10, 6225–6245.




Palastanga, V., C. P. Slomp, and C. Heinze, 2013, Glacial-interglacial variability in ocean oxygen and phosphorus in a global biogeochemical model, Biogeosciences, 10, 945–958.




Pfeil, B., A. Olsen, D. C. E. Bakker, S. Hankin, H. Koyuk, A. Kozyr, J., Malczyk, A. Manke, N. Metzl, C. L. Sabine, J. Akl, S.R. Alin, R. G. J., Bellerby, A. Borges, J. Boutin, P.J. Brown, W-J. Cai, F.P. Chavez, A. Chen, C. Cosca, A.J. Fassbender, R.A. Feely, M. González-Dávila, C. Goyet, N. Hardman- Mountford, C. Heinze, M. Hood, M. Hoppema, C.W Hunt, D. Hydes, M. Ishii, T. Johannessen, S.D. Jones, R. M. Key, A. Körtzinger, P. Landschützer, S.K. Lauvset, N. Lefèvre, A. Lenton, A. Lourantou, L. Merlivat, T. Midorikawa, L. Mintrop, C. Miyazaki, A. Murata, A. Nakadate, Y. Nakano, S. Nakaoka, Y. Nojiri, A.M. Omar, X.A. Padin, G.-H. Park, K. Paterson, F. F. Perez, D. Pierrot, A. Poisson, A. F. Ríos, J. Salisbury, J.M. Santana-Casiano, V.V.S.S. Sarma, R. Schlitzer, B. Schneider, U. Schuster, R. Sieger, I. Skjelvan, T. Steinhoff, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Tedesco, M. Telszewski, H. Thomas, B. Tilbrook, J. Tjiputra, D. Vandemark, T. Veness, R. Wanninkhof, A.J. Watson, R. Weiss, C. S. Wong, and H. Yoshikawa-Inoue, A Uniform, 2013, Quality Controlled Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT), Earth System Science Data, 5, 125–143.




Regnier, P., P. Friedlingstein, P. Ciais, F.T. Mackenzie, N. Gruber, I.A. Janssens, G.G. Laruelle, R. Lauerwald, S. Luyssaert, A.J. Andersson, S. Arndt, C. Arnosti, A.V. Borges, A.W. Dale, A. Gallego-Sala, Y. Goddéris, N. Goossens, J. Hartmann, C. Heinze, T. Ilyina18, F. Joos, D.E. LaRowe, J. Leifeld, F.J. R. Meysman, G. Munhoven, P. A. Raymond, R. Spahni, P. Suntharalingam, and M. Thullner, 2013, Anthropogenic perturbation of the carbon fluxes from land to ocean, Nature Geoscience, 6(8), 597-607.




Sabine, C.L., S. Hankin, H. Koyuk, D. C. E. Bakker, B. Pfeil, A. Olsen, N. Metzl, A. Kozyr, A. Fassbender, A. Manke, J. Malczyk, J. Akl, S.R. Alin, R. G. J. Bellerby,, A. Borges, J. Boutin, P.J. Brown, W-J. Cai, F.P. Chavez, A. Chen, C. Cosca, R.A. Feely, M. González-Dávila, C. Goyet, N. Hardman-Mountford, C. Heinze, M. Hoppema, C. W. Hunt, D. Hydes, M. Ishii, T. Johannessen, R. M. Key, A. Körtzinger, P. Landschützer, S.K. Lauvset, N. Lefèvre, A. Lenton, A. Lourantou, L. Merlivat, T. Midorikawa, L. Mintrop, C. Miyazaki, A. Murata, A. Nakadate, Y. Nakano, S. Nakaoka, Y. Nojiri, A.M. Omar, X.A. Padin, G.-H. Park, K. Paterson, F. F. Perez, D. Pierrot, A. Poisson, A. F. Ríos, J. Salisbury, J.M. Santana-Casiano, V.V.S.S. Sarma, R. Schlitzer, B. Schneider, U. Schuster, R. Sieger, I. Skjelvan, T. Steinhoff, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Tedesco, M. Telszewski,, H. Thomas, B. Tilbrook, D. Vandemark, T. Veness, A.J. Watson, R. Weiss, C. S. Wong und H. Yoshikawa-Inoue, 2013, Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) Gridded Data Products, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 145–153.




Tjiputra, J.F., C. Roelandt, M. Bentsen, D. M. Lawrence, T. Lorentzen, J. Schwinger, Ø. Seland, and C. Heinze, 2013, Evaluation of the carbon cycle components in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM), Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 301–325.




Wanninkhof, R., G.-H. Park, T. Takahashi, C. Sweeney, R. A. Feely, Y. Nojiri, N. Gruber, G. McKinley, A. Lenton, C. Le Quéré, C. Heinze, J. Schwinger, H. Graven, S. Khatiwala, and S. C. Doney, 2013, Global Ocean Carbon Uptake: Magnitude, Variability and Trends, Biogeosciences, 10, 1983–2000.




Cocco, V., F. Joos, M. Steinacher, T.L. Frölicher, L. Bopp, J. Dunne, M. Gehlen, C. Heinze, J. Orr, A. Oschlies, B. Schneider, J. Segschneider, and J. Tjiputra, 2013, Oxygen and indicators of stress for marine life in multi-model global warming projections, Biogeosciences, 10, 1849–1868.




Keller, K.M., F. Joos, C.C. Raible, V. Cocco, T.L. Frölicher, J.P. Dunne, M. Gehlen, T. Roy, L. Bopp, J.C. Orr, J. Tjiputra, C. Heinze, J. Segschneider, and N. Metzl, 2012, Variability of the ocean carbon cycle in response to the North Atlantic Oscillation, Tellus B, 64, 18738, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v64i0.18738




Tjiputra, J.F., A. Olsen, K. Assmann, B. Pfeil, and C. Heinze, 2012, A model study of the seasonal and long–term North Atlantic surface pCO2 variability, Biogeosciences, 9, 907–923.




Palastanga, V., C. P. Slomp, and C. Heinze, 2011, Long-term controls on ocean phosphorus and oxygen in a biogeochemical ocean model, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, GB3024, 19 p.




Tschumi, T., F. Joos, M. Gehlen, and C. Heinze, 2011, Deep ocean ventilation, carbon isotopes, marine sedimentation and the deglacial CO2 rise, Climate of the Past, 7, 771-800.



Roy, T., L. Bopp, M. Gehlen, B. Schneider, P. Cadule, T. Frölicher, J. Segschneider, J. Tjiputra, C. Heinze, and F. Joos, 2011, Regional Impacts of Climate Change and Atmospheric CO2 on Future Ocean Carbon Uptake: A Multimodel Linear Feedback Analysis. J. Climate, 24(9), 2300-2318




Bernard, C., H. Dürr, C. Heinze, J. Segschneider, and E. Maier-Reimer, 2011, Contribution of riverine nutrients to the silicon biogeochemistry of the global ocean – a model study. Biogeosciences, 8, 551- 564.




Tjiputra, J.F., K. Assmann, and C. Heinze, 2010, Anthropogenic carbon dynamics in the changing ocean, Ocean Science, 6, 605–614, www.ocean-sci.net/6/605/2010/




Assmann, K.M., M. Bentsen, J. Segschneider, and C. Heinze, 2010, An isopycnic ocean carbon cycle model, Geoscientific Model Development, 3, 143–167, www.geosci-model-dev.net/3/143/2010/




Tjiputra, J.F., K. Assmann, M. Bentsen, I. Bethke, O.H. Otterå, C. Sturm, and C. Heinze, 2010, Bergen earth system model (BCM-C): Model description and regional climate-carbon cycle feedbacks assessment, Geoscientific Model Development, 3, 123–141, www.geosci-model-dev.net/3/123/2010/.




Bernard, C.Y., G.G. Laruelle, C.P. Slomp, and C. Heinze, 2010, Impact of changes in river nutrient fluxes on the global marine silicon cycle: a model comparison, Biogeosciences, 7, 441–453.




Watson, A.J., U. Schuster, D.C.E. Bakker, N.R. Bates, A. Corbière, M. González-Dávila, T. Friedrich, J. Hauck, C. Heinze, T. Johannessen, A. Körtzinger, N. Metzl, J. Olafsson, A. Olsen, A. Oschlies, X.A. Padin, B. Pfeil, J. M. Santana-Casiano, T. Steinhoff, M. Telszewski, A.F. Rios, D.W.R. Wallace, and R. Wanninkhof, 2009, Tracking the variable North Atlantic sink for atmospheric CO2, Science, 326, 1391-1393, DOI: 10.1126/science.1177394.



Heinze, C., I. Kriest, and E. Maier-Reimer, 2009, Age offsets among different biogenic and lithogenic components of sediment cores revealed by numerical modeling, Paleoceanography, 24, PA4214, 17p., doi:10.1029/2008PA001662.



Ilyina, T., R.E. Zeebe, E. Maier-Reimer, and C. Heinze, 2009, Early detection of ocean acidification effects on marine calcification, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB1008, doi:10.1029/2008GB003278.



Denman, K.L., G. Brasseur, A. Chidthaisong, P. Ciais, P.M. Cox, R.E. Dickinson, D. Hauglustaine, C. Heinze, E. Holland, D. Jacob, U. Lohmann, S. Ramachandran, P.L. da Silva Dias, S.C. Wofsy, and X. Zhang, 2007, Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor und H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom und New York, NY, USA, p. 499-587.




Gehlen, M., L. Bopp, N. Emprin, O. Aumont, C. Heinze, and O. Ragueneau, 2006, Reconciling surface ocean productivity, export fluxes and sediment composition in a global biogeochemical ocean model, Biogeosciences, 3, 521–537.




Heinze, C., M. Gehlen, and C. Land, 2006, On the potential of 230Th, 231Pa, and 10Be for marine rain ratio determinations - a modeling study, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB2018, doi:10.1029/2005GB002595.




Heinze, C., 2006, The long-term oceanic Si cycle and the role of opal sediment. In: The silicon cycle - human perturbations and impacts on aquatic systems. SCOPE 66. Chicago, Il 60628, USA: Island Press 2006. ISBN 1-59726-114-9, p. 229-243.




Heinze, C. and N. Dittert, 2005, Impact of paleocirculations on the silicon redistribution in the world ocean, Marine Geology, 214, 201-203.




Skjelvan, I., A. Olsen, L.G. Anderson, R.G.J. Bellerby, E. Falck, Y. Kasajima, C. Kivimäe, A. Omar, F. Rey, K.A. Olsson, T. Johannessen, and C. Heinze, 2005, A Review of the Inorganic Carbon Cycle of the Nordic Seas and Barents Sea, in: The Nordic Seas - An integrated perspective, H. Drange, T. Dokken, T. Furevik, R. Gerdes, und W. Berger, editors, AGU Geophysical Monograph, 158, 157-175.




Heinze, C., 2004, Simulating oceanic CaCO3 export production in the greenhouse, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L16308, doi:10.1029/2004GL020613.



Heinze, C., A. Hupe, E. Maier-Reimer, N. Dittert, and O. Ragueneau, 2003, Sensitivity of the marine biospheric Si cycle for biogeochemical parameter variations, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, No. 3, 1086, doi:10.1029/2002GB001943




Gehlen, M., C. Heinze, E. Maier-Reimer, and C. I. Measures, 2003, Coupled Al-Si geochemistry in an ocean general circulation model: A tool for the validation of oceanic dust deposition? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, No. 1, 1028, doi:10.1029/2001GB001549.




Heinze, C., 2002, Assessing the importance of the Southern Ocean for natural atmospheric pCO2 variations with a global biogeochemical general circulation model, Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 3105-3125.




Winguth, A. M. E., C. Heinze, J. E. Kutzbach, E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, D. Rowley, A. Rees, and A. M. Ziegler, 2002, Simulated warm polar currents during the middle Permian, Paleoceanography, 17, No. 4, 1057, doi:10.1029/2001PA000646.




Dittert, N., M. Diepenbroek, C. Heinze, and O. Ragueneau, 2002, Managing (pale-) oceanographic data sets using the PANGAEA information system: The SINOPS example, Computers & Geosciences, 28, 789-798.




Heinze, C., 2002, Das marine Sediment als Klimazeuge und Komponente des Klimasystems - eine Modellstudie, Habilitationsschrift (habilitation thesis), Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Universität Hamburg, GCA-Verlag, Serie Forschen und Wissen - Physik, ISBN 3-89863-084-6, Herdecke, Germany, 124 pp.




Heinze, C., 2001, Towards the time dependent modeling of sediment core data on a global basis, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 4211-4214.




Ragueneau, O., P. Tréguer, A. Leynaert, R. F. Anderson, M. A. Brzezinski, D. J. DeMaster, R. C. Dugdale, J. Dymond, G. Fischer, R. François, C. Heinze, E. Maier-Reimer, V. Martin-Jézéquel, D. M. Nelson, nd B. Quéguiner, 2000, A review of the Si cycle in the modern ocean: recent progress and missing gaps in the application of biogenic opal as a paleoproductivity tracer, Global and Planetary Change, 26, 317-365.




Heinze, C., E. Maier-Reimer, A. M. E. Winguth, and D. Archer, 1999, A global oceanic sediment model for long-term climate studies, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13, 221-250.




Henderson, G. M., C. Heinze, R. F. Anderson, and A. M. E. Winguth, 1999, Global distribution of the 230Th flux to ocean sediments constrained by GCM modelling, Deep-Sea Research I, 46, 1861-1893.




Heinze, C., E. Maier-Reimer, and P. Schlosser, 1998, Transient tracers in a global OGCM - source functions and simulated distributions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (C8), 15903-15922.




Broecker, W. S., S. Peacock, S. Walker, R. Weiss, E. Fahrbach, M. Schroeder, U. Mikolajewicz, C. Heinze, R. Key, T.-H. Peng, and S. Rubin, 1998, How much deep water is formed in the Southern Ocean? Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (C8), 15833-15844.




Heinze, C. and T. J. Crowley, 1997, Sedimentary response to ocean gateway circulation changes, Paleoceanography, 12, 742-754.




Drijfhout, S., C. Heinze, M. Latif, and E. Maier-Reimer, 1996, Mean circulation and internal variability in an ocean primitive equation model, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 559-580.




Heinze, C., and W. S. Broecker, 1995, Closing-off the Southern Ocean surface, Paleoceanography, 10, 49-58.




Heinze, C., and K. Hasselmann, 1993, Inverse multi-parameter modelling of paleo-climate carbon cycle indices, Quaternary Research, 40, 281-296.




Heinze, C., 1993, Glacial ocean carbon cycle modelling, in: Carbon cycling in the glacial ocean: Constraints on the ocean's role in global change, R. Zahn, M. A. Kaminski, L. Labeyrie und T. F. Pedersen, editors, Proceedings Volume, NATO ARW Fellhorst September 17-19, 1992, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 15-37.




M. Lautenschlager, U. Mikolajewicz, E. Maier-Reimer, and C. Heinze, 1992, Application of ocean models for the interpretation of atmospheric general circulation model experiments on the climate of the last glacial maximum, Paleoceanography, 7, 769-782.




Heinze, C., E. Maier-Reimer, and K. Winn, 1991, Glacial pCO2 reduction by the World Ocean - experiments with the Hamburg Carbon Cycle Model, Paleoceanography, 6, 395-430.




Heinze, C., P. Schlosser, K. P. Koltermann, and J. Meincke, 1990, A tracer study of the deep water renewal in the European Polar Seas, Deep-Sea Research, 37(a), 1425-1453.




Heinze, C., 1990, Zur Erniedrigung des atmosphärischen Kohlendioxidgehalts durch den


Weltozean während der letzten Eiszeit, Doktorarbeit (PhD thesis), Universität Hamburg, Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, Examensarbeit (Serie, ISSN 0938-5177), Nr. 3, Hamburg, 180 pp.




Heinze, C., 1986, Diskussion der Tiefenwassererneuerung im Europäischen Nordmeer und im Eurasischen Becken unter Zuhilfenahme anthropogener Spurenstoffe, Diplomarbeit (diploma thesis),


Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Universität Hamburg, 124 pp.


Chemical Oceanography GEOF236, GEOF336

Polar Oceanography GEOF335