Christopher Henshilwoods bilde
Christopher
Henshilwood
Professor
, arkeologi
Besøksadresse: 
Øysteinsgate 3
5020 Bergen
Rom: 
Tracsymbols Offices
Postadresse: 
Postboks 7805
5020 Bergen
Telefon: 
+47 55 58 90 99
Last ned visittkort

see http://tracsymbols.eu

  • Origins of Modern Human Behaviour in Africa
  • African Middle and Later Stone Ages
  • Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in southern Africa

South Africa has been globally spotlighted recently by discoveries at Blombos Cave in the southern Cape and resulted in more than 15 publications in international peer-reviewed journals, including two papers in Science, four television productions on BBC and National Geographic, and local and international press coverage. The work we have been doing at Blombos and elsewhere has resulted in collaborations with scientists internationally and most of these are ongoing. The skills of these scientists have been brought to South Africa to assist with research excellence in local archaeology and with the training of Norwegian and South African students. Colleagues from France (d’Errico, Vanhaeren, Villa, Tribolo), Norway (Lauritzen, Haaland), Australia (Jacobs), South Africa (Lombard, van Niekerk, Wurz) and the UK (Wintle, Duller) are contributing substantially to our current projects. The proposed research at Blombos Cave and at De Hoop will stimulate research at a local and international level and will help build a common identity and nationhood in South Africa. This notion is reinforced by the recently acquired knowledge that the origins of all H. sapiens lie in Africa. The proposed excavation, dating and palaeoenvironmental programme for three archaeological sites in the southern Cape will create career opportunities in research for more than a dozen young researchers from Norway and South Africa and in the latter case address gender, race and age inequalities. An integral part of this programme will be the training of Norwegian and local students at postgraduate and postdoctoral levels. It will provide opportunities for promoting interaction among local and international scientists in various fields (archaeology, dating, climate, environment etc.). Through the Institute of Archaeology, History, Culture and Religion at the University of Bergen and the Institute for Human Evolution at Wits University the southern Cape archaeology projects can become a focus of excellence, lead to the generation of new ideas and advance current knowledge in this field.

 

Christopher Stuart Henshilwood

 

Overview

Henshilwood was appointed Professor of African Archaeology at the University of Bergen, Norway in 2007 and holds a complementary Research Professorship and Research Chair at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.

Since 1999 Henshilwood has published more than 40 papers in leading peer reviewed journals, volumes and books on aspects of African archaeology, especially the Middle and Later Stone Age; on the origins of language and symbolism; the effects of climatic variation on human demographics, and the epistemology of early behavioural evolution. His publications, including four in Science (3 as 1st author) in 2002, 2004, 2010, 2011 and a review article in Science in 2009, demonstrate that southern Africa was a primary centre for the early development of human behaviour mediated by symbols. He has helped lead a team of multi-disciplinary researchers to turn around, within a decade, the widely held idea that modern human behaviour originated in Europe after about 40 ka ago. Their research increasingly points to evidence for an African origin for behavioural and technological modernity more than 70 ka ago, and their publications support the DNA and skeletal data that show the earliest origin of all H. sapiens lies in Africa.

Evidence that his publications are widely cited is reflected in an ISI  h-index = 15; 1082 citations; citing articles 516, average 46 citations per item, August 2011.

 

Funding

Since 1991 he has been principal investigator on a number of multidisciplinary projects in southern Africa for which he has received more than twenty major grants. These include:

1) a three-year National Research Foundation grant (1999-2001) while at Stony Brook University, New York;

2) a current four-year palaeoenvironmental reconstruction programme for the southern Cape, South Africa, funded by the Norwegian Research Council and South African National Research Foundation (2000-2010);

3) a three-year Franco-South African grant from the National Research Foundation (2009-2011) to study the symbolic use of ochre in the Middle Stone Age;

4) four Leakey Foundation grants;

5) four National Geographic Research Committee grants;

6) a National Research Foundation funded research chair at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.

7) A 5 year ERC FP7 grant for the TRACSYMBOLS Project (2010-2015) (PI)

These grants have provided funding for long term collaborations with an interdisciplinary team of international scientists. A major focus of his work since 1991 has been the excavation of the > 70 ka levels at Blombos Cave in the southern Cape, South Africa, and has provided evidence for among the earliest known marine shell beads, engraved ochres and bone tools. This project has contributed significantly to the international debate on the origins of what is considered modern human behaviour.

He is the PI of new excavations at a Middle Stone Age site, Klipdrift Shelter, situated in the De Hoop Nature Reserve, southern Cape South Africa. In 2011 deposits from the Howiesons Poort period were discovered at the site. These probably date to 65 – 60 ka.  

7) He has recently been awarded a 5 year (2010 – 2015) European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant (FP7 programme) for €2.5m with co-PI Francesco d’Errico (University of Bordeaux, France). The aim of the project, with the acronym TRACSYMBOLS, is to examine how key behavioural innovations emerged among Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis in southern Africa and Europe respectively, and explore whether and how environmental variability influenced this development between 180 – 25 ka [Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 6 – 3]. They have been joined by a team of interdisciplinary researchers at the Universities of Bergen, Bordeaux, Royal Holloway and the Witwatersrand.

 

International & National Contributions

In 1999 Henshilwood founded the African Heritage Research Institute in Cape Town, South Africa, under the patronage of Dr. Nelson Mandela, to promote archaeological research on the origins of H. sapiens in southern Africa. In 2001 he was honoured at the opening of the South African parliament by President Thabo Mbeki for his research in African archaeology.  In 2008 he was awarded a 15-year South African Research Chair in the Origins of Modern Human Behaviour at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, funded by the Department of Science and Technology and administered by the National Research Foundation. He was accepted as a member of the South African Academy of Science in 2009.

From 1999 – 2007 he was a research member of the Origin of Man, Language and Languages CNRS-ESF programme, based in Bordeaux, France. As a result of his contribution to French culture in general, and his work within this programme, he was awarded the Chevalier de l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques by the French Prime Minister in 2003.

In 2010 he received a 5 year grant, as PI with co-PI Francesco d’Errico, from the European Research Foundation, FP7 programme to research the origins of behavioural modernity and the effects of climate change in Africa and Europe.

 

Review and Dissemination

He regularly referees manuscripts submitted to peer reviewed journals such as Science, Nature, Antiquity, Current Anthropology, Journal of Human Evolution, Journal of Archaeological Science and the Journal of African Archaeology. He is also a reviewer for funding applications for the European Science Foundation, European Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the Leakey Foundation, The Wenner-Gren Foundation and National Geographic Society.

His research has been widely disseminated in television, film and the popular press, including television productions on BBC, National Geographic, Japanese, Scandinavian and other European channels, a feature film on Blombos Cave in 2008 produced by the American Museum of Natural History for their Hall of Ancestors permanent display, at least three hundred articles in international newspapers including front page articles in the Times and, New York Times, and numerous articles in popular journals including Scientific American, National Geographic and Time. In 2009 the Smithsonian Museum, Washington, invited him to contribute material culture recovered from Blombos Cave for their permanent exhibition. He has been invited to give plenary or opening lectures at numerous international conferences, press conferences, on international live television and radio broadcasts and has delivered many invited papers to specialised and general audiences in Europe, the USA, Canada, Africa and Asia.

Masters & PhD students at UiB and the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Bøker
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. New Perspectives on the Origins of Language. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN: 9789027206114.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2008. Holocene Prehistory of the Southern Cape, South Africa Excavations at Blombos Cave and the Blombosfontein Nature Reserve. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 75. Archaeopress. 171 sider. ISBN: 9781407303437.
Tidsskriftartikler
  • Badenhorst, Shaw; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Rock hyraxes (Procavia capensis) from Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. African Archaeological Review. 31: 25-43. doi: 10.1007/s10437-014-9154-7
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Wurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah; Delagnes, Anne; Armitage, Simon; Rifkin, Riaan; Douze, Katja; Keene, Petro; Haaland, Magnus Mathisen; Reynard, Jerome; Discamps, Emmanuel; Mienies, Samantha. 2014. Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. Journal of Archaeological Science. 45: 284-303. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033
  • Thompson, Jessica C'; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Nutritional values of tortoises relative to ungulates from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: Implications for foraging and social behaviour. Journal of Human Evolution. 67: 33-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.09.010
  • Thompson, Jessica; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Tortoise taphonomy and tortoise butchery patterns at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 41: 214-229. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2013.08.017
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher; Garcia-Moreno, Renata; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Coquinot, Yvan; Menu, Michel; Jacobs, Zenobia; Lauritzen, Stein-Erik. 2014. Il y a 100 000 ans, un atelier pour la préparation et le stockage de mélanges pigmentés. Paleo. 117-124.
  • Dubreuil, Benoit; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. Archeology and the language-ready brain. Language and Cognition. 5: 251-260.
  • Jacobs, Zenobia; Hayes, Elspeth H.; Roberts, Richard G.; Galbraith, Rex F.; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. An improved OSL chronology for the Still Bay layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa: further tests of single-grain dating procedures and a re-evaluation of the timing of the Still Bay industry across southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 40: 579-594. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2012.06.037
  • Vanhaeren, Marian; d'Errico, Francesco; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher; Erasmus, Rudolph M. 2013. Thinking strings: Additional evidence for personal ornament use in the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 64: 500-517. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.02.001
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Vanhaeren, Marian; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher; Erasmus, Rudolph M. 2013. Assessing the accidental versus deliberate color modification of shell beads. A case study on perforated Nassarius kraussianus from Blombos Cave Middle Stone Age levels. Archaeometry. 26 sider. doi: 10.1111/arcm.12072
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2012. Late pleistocene techno-traditions in Southern Africa: a review of the Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, c. 75-59 ka. Journal of world prehistory. 25: 205-237. doi: 10.1007/s10963-012-9060-3
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, B. 2012. Response to Shea. Current Anthropology. 53: 1-3.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2012. Middle Stone Age Chemists - a 100 000-year-old pigment processing workshop at Blombos Cave. The Digging Stick. 29: 1-5.
  • Langejans, Geeske H.J.; Dusseldorp, Gerrit L.; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2012. Terrestrial gastropods from Blombos Cave, South Africa: Research Potential. South African Archaeological Bulletin. 67: 120-144.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, Benoit. 2011. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, 77 - 59 ka: Perspective-taking and the evolution of the modern human mind during the African Middle Stone Age. Current Anthropology. 52: 361-400. doi: 10.1086/660022
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Coquinot, Yvan; Jacobs, Zenobia; Lauritzen, Stein-Erik; Menu, Michel; Garcia-Moreno, Renata. 2011. A 100,000-Year-Old Ochre-Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science. 334: 219-222. doi: 10.1126/science.1211535
  • Thompson, Jessica; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. Taphonomic analysis of the Middle Stone Age larger mammal faunal assemblage from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 60: 746-767. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.01.013
  • Mourre, Vincent; Villa, Paola; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2010. Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science. 330: 659-662. doi: 10.1126/science.1195550
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco; Watts, Ian. 2009. Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 57: 27-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2009.01.005
  • Villa, Paola; Soressi, Marie; Henshilwood, Christopher; Mourre, Vincent. 2009. The Still Bay points of Blombos Cave (South Africa). Journal of Archaeological Science. 36: 441-460. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2008.09.028
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2008. Winds of change: palaeoenvironments, material culture and human behaviour in the Late Pleistocene (c. 77 – 48 ka) in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin. 35-51.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2007. Additional evidence for bone technology in the southern African middle stone age. Journal of Human Evolution. 52: 142-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2006.08.003
  • Jacobs, Zenobia; Duller, Geoffery A.T.; Wintle, AG; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2006. Extending the chronology of deposits at Blombos Cave, South Africa, back to 140 ka using optical dating ot single an multiple grains of quartz. Journal of Human Evolution. 51: 255-273.
  • Tribolo, Chantal; Mercier, Norbert; Sélo, Madeleine; Valladas, Hélène; Joron, Jean Louis; Reyss, Jean-Louis; Henshilwood, Christopher; Sealy, Judith; Yates, Royden. 2006. TL dating of burnt lithics from Blombos Cave (South Africa): Further evidence for the antiquity of modern human behaviour. Archaeometry. 48: 341-357. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2006.00260.x
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher; Vanhaeren, Marian; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2005. Nassarius kraussianus shell beads from Blombos Cave: evidence for symbolic behaviour in the Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution. 48: 3-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2004.09.002
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco; Vanhaeren, Marian; Niekerk, Karen van; Jacobs, Zenobia. 2004. Middle stone age shell beads from South Africa. Science. 304: 404-404.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Marean, Curtis. 2003. The origin of modern human behaviour: A review and critique of models and test implications. Current Anthropology. 627-651.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2003. The search for the origin of symbolism, music and language: a multidisciplinary endeavour. Journal of world prehistory. 1-70.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher; Lawson, Graeme; Vanhaeren, Marian; Tillier, Anne-Marie; Soressi, Marie; Bresson, Frédérique; Maureille, Bruno; Nowell, April; Lakarra, Joseba; Backwell, Lucinda; Julienlo, Michèle. 2003. Archaeological evidence for the emergence of language, symbolism, and music - An alternative multidisciplinary perspective. Journal of world prehistory. 17: 1-70.
  • Grine, Fred; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2002. Additional Human Remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1999-2000 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution. 293-302.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2002. Emergence of Modern Human Behaviour: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science. 1278-1280.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2001. Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa: Preliminary report on the 1992 – 1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age levels. Journal of Archaeological Science. 421-448.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2001. An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism and language. Journal of Human Evolution. 631-678.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2001. An engraved bone fragment from ca. 75 kyr Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origin of symbolism. Antiquity. 309-318.
  • Grine, Fred; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2000. Human remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1997-1998 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution. 755-765.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 1997. Identifying the collector: Evidence for human consumption of the Cape dune mole-rat, Bathyergus suillus, from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 659-662.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Sealy, Judith. 1997. Bone artefacts from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Current Anthropology. 890-895.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 1996. A revised chronology for the arrival of pastoralism in southernmost Africa: new evidence of sheep at ca. 2000 b.p. from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Antiquity. 945-949.
Bokkapitler
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Origins of symbolic behaviour. Chapter. I:
    • McGraw Hill, Staff. 2014. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology 2014. 480 sider. ISBN: 9780071831062.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Lombard, M. 2014. Becoming human: Archaeology of the sub-Saharan Middle Stone Age. 6, sider 106-130. I:
    • Renfrew, Colin; Bahn, Paul G. 2014. The Cambridge World Prehistory, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press. 2049 sider. ISBN: 9780521119931.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Lombard, Marlize. 2014. Becoming human: The Middle Stone Age of Subsaharan Africa. Chapter 11. I:
    • Renfrew, Colin; Bahn, Paul G. 2014. The Cambridge World Prehistory, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 9780521119931.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2014. Blombos Cave: The Middle Stone Age Levels. 240. I:
    • Smith, Claire M. 2014. Encyclopaedia of Global Archaeology. Springer. 8013 sider. ISBN: 978-1-4419-0426-3.
  • Dubreuil, Benoit; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. Material culture and language. Part 2, sider 147-170. I:
    • Lefebvre, Claire; Comrie, Bernard; Cohen, Henri. 2013. New Perspectives on the Origins of Language. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 582 sider. ISBN: 9789027206114.
  • Langejans, Geeske H.J.; Dusseldorp, Gerrit L.; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. A hazy shade of winter: Late Pleistocene environments and behavioural adaptations at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Chapter 2, sider 19-51. I:
    • Runge, Juergen. 2013. Palaeoecology of Africa. CRC Press. 238 sider. ISBN: 9781138001169.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. Introduction. Forord, sider vii-x. I:
    • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. The origin of symbolically mediated behaviour: From antagonistic scenarios to a unified research strategy. 3, sider 49-74. I:
    • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. Middle Stone Age engravings and their significance to the debate on the emergence of symbolic material culture. 4, sider 75-96. I:
    • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2009. The origins of symbolism, spirituality and shamans: exploring Middle Stone Age material culture in South Africa. Chapter 3, sider 29-49. I:
    • Renfrew, Colin; Morley, Iain. 2009. Becoming human: innovation in prehistoric material and spiritual cultures. Cambridge University Press. 282 sider. ISBN: 978-0-521-73466-0.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, Benoit. 2009. Reading the artefacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. Chapter 3, sider 41-61. I:
    • Botha, Rudolf; Knight, Chris. 2009. The Cradle of Language. Oxford University Press. 386 sider. ISBN: 9780199545865.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Vanhaeren, Marian; Henshilwood, Christopher; Lawson, Graeme; Maureille, Bruno; Gambier, Dominique; Tillier, Anne-Marie; Soressi, Marie; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2009. From the origin of language to the diversification of languages: What can archaeology and palaeoanthropology say? -, sider 13-68. I:
    • d'Errico, Francesco; Hombert, Jean-Marie. 2009. Becoming Eloquent: Advances in the emergence of language, human cognition, and modern cultures. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 289 sider. ISBN: 9789027232694.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, B. 2008. Reading the artefacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. 3, sider 41-61. I:
    • Botha, R; Knight, C. 2008. The Cradle of Language, Vol. 2. Oxford University Press. 320 sider. ISBN: 978-0-19-954585-8.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2007. Fully symbolic sapiens behaviour: Innovation in the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Chapter 11, sider 123-131. I:
    • Mellars, Paul; Boyle, Katie; Bar-Yosef, Ofer; Stringer, Chris. 2007. Rethinking the Human Revolution: New Behavioural and Biological Perspectives on the Origins and Dispersal of Modern Humans. McDonald Institute. 436 sider. ISBN: 9781902937465.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2006. Modern humans and symbolic behaviour: Evidence from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Chapter 4, sider 78-83. I:
    • Blundell, Geoff. 2006. Origins. ISBN: 9781770130401.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Marean, Curtis. 2006. Remodelling the origins of modern human behaviour. chapter 3, sider 31-48. I:
    • Soodyall, Himla. 2006. The prehistory of Africa: tracing the lineage of modern man. ISBN: 1868422461.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2005. Stratigraphic integrity of the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave. Chapter 21, sider 441-458. I:
    • d'Errico, Francesco; Backwell, Lucinda. 2005. From Tools to Symbols. Form Early Hominids to Modern Humans. Witwatersrand University Press. ISBN: 1868144178.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2004. The Origins of Modern Human Behaviour – Exploring the African evidence. Chapter 6, sider 95-106. I:
    • Oestigaard, Terje; Anfinset, Nils; Saetersdal, Tore. 2004. Combining the Past and the Present: Archaeological perspectives on society. Archaeopress. ISBN: 1841715735.

Se fullstendig oversikt over publikasjoner i CRIStin.

JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

1. Scopus ISI; h-index = 15; 1384 citations; citing articles 663, average 53 citations per item, average citations per year 104 (2001-2012). Data as at August 2012.

2. Google Scholar: h-Index: 20; 2217 Citations; 38 publications

Books in press (Peer reviewed)

Henshilwood, C.S. & Lombard, M. (in press). Becoming human: Archaeology of the sub-Saharan Middle Stone Age. In: Bahn, P. & Renfrew, C. (eds.) Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Archaeology, Cambridge University Press. 

 

Peer-reviewed Journals

In Press or In prep.

Badenhorst, S., van Niekerk, K.L. Henshilwood, C.S. (in prep.). Seasonality and human occupation at Blombos Cave in the Middle Stone Age: Evidence from rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) remains. Journal of Archaeological Science.

Thompson, J., Faith, T. & Henshilwood, C.S. (in press). Seasonal exploitation of neonate blue antelope (Hippotragus leucophaeus) during the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for modern human origins. Journal of Human Evolution.

Henshilwood, C. S. (in press). The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort: ‘Palaeolithic’ techno-traditions in southern Africa. Journal of World Prehistory.

Dubreuil, B. & Henshilwood, C. S. (in press). Archeology, symbolism, and the evolution of language. In: (eds. Lefebvre, C.) ‘On the Origin of Language’, Cognitive Science Institute, l’Université du Québec à Montréal.

Vanhaeren, M., d’Errico, F., van Niekerk, K., Henshilwood, C.S., Erasmus, R.M. (in press). Thinking strings: additional evidence for personal ornament use in the Middle Stone Age of Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution.

Reynard, J.P., Badenhorst, S., Henshilwood, C.S. (submitted). Inferring Animal Size from the Cortical Thickness of Unidentified Long Bone Fragments from the c. 85 – 72 ka Layers at Blombos Cave in the Southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science.

d’Errico, F.,  Henshilwood, C., García-Moreno, R., van Niekerk, K., Coquinot, Y., Menu, M., Jacobs, Z. Lauritzen, S. (in press). Il y a 100 000 ans, un atelier pour la préparation et le stockage de mélanges pigmentés. In  Paillet, P., Robert E. Paris : Documents d'Archéologie Française.

Books

Henshilwood, C. & d’Errico, F. (editors). 2011. Homo symbolicus: The dawn of language, imagination and spirituality. Amsterdam, Benjamins.

 

Publications in peer-reviewed journals and books

Jacobs, Z., Hayes, E.H., Roberts, R.G. Galbraith, R.F., Henshilwood, C.S. (2012). An improved OSL chronology for the Still Bay layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa: further tests of single-grain dating procedures and a re-evaluation of the timing of the Still Bay industry across southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.06.037.

Henshilwood, C., & Dubreuil, B. 2012. Response to Shea. Current Anthropology53 (1):1-3.

Henshilwood, C. & d’Errico, F. 2011. Ochre as a media for symbolic expression during the southern Africa Middle Stone Age: examining the evidence from the Western Cape, South Africa. In: (eds. Henshilwood, C and d’Errico, F), Homo symbolicus: The dawn of language, imagination and spirituality. Amsterdam: Benjamins pp.75-96.

d’Errico, F. & Henshilwood, C. 2011. A discontinuous scenario for the origins of symbolic material culture. In: (eds. Henshilwood, C and d’Errico, F), Homo symbolicus: The dawn of language, imagination and spirituality. Amsterdam: Benjamins pp. 49-74.

Henshilwood,C.S. d’Errico, F., van Niekerk, K.L. Coquinot, Y., Jacobs, Z., Lauritzen, S-E., Menu, M., García-Moreno, R. 2011. A 100,000 Year Old Ochre Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science 334, 219-221

Henshilwood, C. S. & Dubreuil, B. 2011. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, 77 - 59 ka: Perspective-taking and the evolution of the modern human mind during the African Middle Stone Age. Current Anthropology. 52 (3): 361-400.

Thompson, J. & Henshilwood, C. S. 2011. Taphonomic analysis of the Middle Stone Age larger mammal faunal assemblage from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, 60:746-767.

Mourre, V., Villa, P. & Henshilwood, C. 2010. Early Use of Pressure Flaking on Lithic Artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science, 330: 659-662.

d’Errico, F., Vanhaeren, M., Henshilwood, C., Lawson, G., Maureille, B., Gambier, D., Tillier, A. Soressi, M & van Niekerk, K. 2009. From the origin of language to the diversification of languages: What can archaeology and palaeoanthropology say? In F. d'Errico & J.-M. Hombert (eds.), Becoming Eloquent: Advances in the emergence of language, human cognition, and modern cultures. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company: 13-68.

Henshilwood, C.S., d’ Errico, F. & Watts, I. 2009. Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 27-47.

Henshilwood, C.S. 2009. The origins of symbolism, spirituality & shamans: exploring Middle Stone Age material culture in South Africa. In  Becoming human: innovation in prehistoric material and spiritual cultures, (eds. C. Renfrew & I. Morley), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 29-49.

Henshilwood, C.S. & Dubreuil, B. 2009. Reading the artefacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. In: (eds. R. Botha & C. Knight), The Cradle of Language, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 41-60 .

Villa, P., Soressi, M., Henshilwood, C.S. & Mourre, V. 2009. The Still Bay points of Blombos Cave (South Africa). Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (2): 441-460.

Henshilwood, C.S. 2008. Winds of change: palaeoenvironments, material culture and human behaviour in the Late Pleistocene (c. 77 – 48 ka) in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin, Goodwin volume, Current Themes in Middle Stone Age Research 10: 35-51.

Henshilwood, C. S. 2008. Holocene prehistory of the southern Cape, South Africa: excavations at Blombos Cave and the Blombosfontein Nature Reserve. BAR S1860, Cambridge: Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 75: 1- 171.

Henshilwood, C.S. 2007. Fully symbolic sapiens behaviour: Innovation in the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa. In: Rethinking the Human Revolution: New Behavioural and Biological Perspectives on the Origins and Dispersal of Modern Humans,. (eds.C. Stringer & P. Mellars), MacDonald Institute Research Monograph series: Cambridge, University of Cambridge Press: 123-132 1.          

d’Errico, F. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2007. Additional evidence for bone technology in the southern African Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution 52:142-163.

Henshilwood, C. S. & Marean, C. W. 2006. Remodelling the origins of modern human behaviour. In : The Prehistory of Africa: Tracing the lineage of modern man. (ed. H. Soodyall). Cape Town: Jonathan Ball: 31-46

Henshilwood, C.S. 2006. Modern humans and symbolic behaviour: Evidence from Blombos Cave, South Africa. In Origins (ed. G. Blundell). Cape Town: Double Storey: 78-83

Tribolo, C., Mercier, N., Selo, M., Joron, J-L., Reyss, J-L., Henshilwood, C,. Sealy, J. & Yates, R. 2006. TL dating of burnt lithics from Blombos Cave (South Africa): Further evidence for the antiquity of modern human behaviour. Archaeometry 48 (2): 341–357.

Jacobs, Z. Duller, G.A.T. Henshilwood, C.S. Wintle, A.G. 2006. Extending the chronology of deposits at Blombos Cave, South Africa, back to 140 ka using optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz. Journal of Human Evolution 51: 255-273.

Henshilwood, C. S. 2006. Stratigraphic integrity of the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave. In From Tools to Symbols. Form Early Hominids to Modern Humans. (eds. L. Backwell & F. d’Errico). Johannesburg, Witwatersrand University Press:441-458.

d’Errico, F., Henshilwood, C., Vanhaeren, M., van Niekerk. K. 2005.  Nassarius kraussianus shell beads from Blombos Cave: Evidence for symbolic behaviour in the Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution 48:3-24.

Henshilwood, C.S. & d’Errico, F. 2005. Being modern in the Middle Stone Age: Individuals and innovation. (eds. C. Gamble & M. Porr). The Individual hominid in context: Archaeological investigations of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic landscapes, locales and artefacts. Routledge (Taylor Francis): 244-264

Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F., Vanhaeren, M., van Niekerk, K.,  Jacobs, Z. 2004. Middle Stone Age shell beads from South Africa. Science, 384:404.

Henshilwood, C.S. 2004. The Origins of Modern Human Behaviour – Exploring the African evidence. In Combining the Past and the Present: Archaeological perspectives on society. Edited by Terje Oestigaard, Nils Anfinset and Tore Saetersdal. BAR International Series 1210: 95-106.

Henshilwood, C.S. & Marean, C.W. 2003. The origin of modern human behaviour: A review and critique of models and test implications. Current Anthropology 44 (5): 627-651

d’Errico F., Henshilwood C., Lawson G., Vanhaeren M., Soressi M., Bresson F., Tillier A.M., Maureille B., Nowell A., Backwell L., Lakarra J.A., Julien M. 2003. The search for the origin of symbolism, music and language: a multidisciplinary endeavour. Journal of World Prehistory, 17 (1): 1-70.

Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F., Yates, R., Jacobs, Z., Tribolo, C., Duller, G.A.T., Mercier N., Sealy, J.C., Valladas, H., Watts, I. & Wintle, A.G. 2002. Emergence of Modern Human Behaviour: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science 295:1278-1280.

Grine, F.E. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2002. Additional Human Remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1999-2000 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution 42: 293-302.

Henshilwood, C.S., Sealy, J.C., Yates, R.J., Cruz-Uribe, K., Goldberg, P., Grine, F.E., , Klein, R.G., Poggenpoel, C., van Niekerk, K.L., Watts, I. 2001a. Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa: Preliminary report on the 1992 – 1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age levels. Journal of Archaeological Science 28(5): 421-448.

Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F.E., Marean, C.W., Milo, R.G., Yates, R. 2001b. An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism and language. Journal of Human Evolution 41:631-678.

d’Errico, F., Henshilwood, C.S., & Nilssen, P. 2001. An engraved bone fragment from ca. 75  kyr Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origin of symbolism . Antiquity. 75, 309-18.

Grine, F.E., Henshilwood, C.S. & Sealy, J.C. 2000. Human remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1997-1998 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution, 37: 755-765.

Henshilwood, C.S. & Sealy, J.C. 1997. Bone artefacts from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Current Anthropology 38(5):890-895.

Henshilwood, C.S. 1997 Identifying the collector: Evidence for human consumption of the Cape dune mole-rat, Bathyergus suillus, from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 24:659-662.

Henshilwood, C. S. 1996. A revised chronology for the arrival of pastoralism in southernmost Africa: new evidence of sheep at ca. 2000 b.p. from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Antiquity 70:945-949.

Henshilwood, C.S., Nilssen, P. & Parkington, J. 1994. Mussel drying and food storage in the Late Holocene, sw Cape, South Africa. Journal of Field Archaeology 21:103-109.

DEGREES

B.A. (Distinction in Archaeology), University of Cape Town, 1989

B.A. Hons. (with Distinction),University of Cape Town, 1990

Ph. D. (Archaeology), University of Cambridge, U.K. 1995

Prosjekter

Henshilwood is the PI of new excavations at a Middle Stone Age site, Klipdrift Shelter, situated in the De Hoop Nature Reserve, southern Cape South Africa. In 2011 deposits from the Howiesons Poort period were discovered at the site. These probably date to 65 – 60 ka.  

He has been awarded a 5 year (2010 – 2015) European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant (FP7 programme) for €2.5m with co-PI Francesco d’Errico (University of Bordeaux, France). The aim of the project, with the acronym TRACSYMBOLS, is to examine how key behavioural innovations emerged among Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis in southern Africa and Europe respectively, and explore whether and how environmental variability influenced this development between 180 – 25 ka [Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 6 – 3]. They have been joined by a team of interdisciplinary researchers at the Universities of Bergen, Bordeaux, Royal Holloway and the Witwatersrand.

 

International & National Contributions

In 1999 Henshilwood founded the African Heritage Research Institute in Cape Town, South Africa, under the patronage of Dr. Nelson Mandela, to promote archaeological research on the origins of H. sapiens in southern Africa. In 2001 he was honoured at the opening of the South African parliament by President Thabo Mbeki for his research in African archaeology.  In 2008 he was awarded a 15-year South African Research Chair in the Origins of Modern Human Behaviour at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, funded by the Department of Science and Technology and administered by the National Research Foundation. He was accepted as a member of the South African Academy of Science in 2009.

From 1999 – 2007 he was a research member of the Origin of Man, Language and Languages CNRS-ESF programme, based in Bordeaux, France. As a result of his contribution to French culture in general, and his work within this programme, he was awarded the Chevalier de l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques by the French Prime Minister in 2003.

In 2010 he received a 5 year grant, as PI with co-PI Francesco d’Errico, from the European Research Foundation, FP7 programme to research the origins of behavioural modernity and the effects of climate change in Africa and Europe.

 

Review and Dissemination

He regularly referees manuscripts submitted to peer reviewed journals such as Science, Nature, Antiquity, Current Anthropology, Journal of Human Evolution, Journal of Archaeological Science and the Journal of African Archaeology. He is also a reviewer for funding applications for the European Science Foundation, European Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the Leakey Foundation, The Wenner-Gren Foundation and National Geographic Society.

His research has been widely disseminated in television, film and the popular press, including television productions on BBC, National Geographic, Japanese, Scandinavian and other European channels, a feature film on Blombos Cave in 2008 produced by the American Museum of Natural History for their Hall of Ancestors permanent display, at least three hundred articles in international newspapers including front page articles in the Times and, New York Times, and numerous articles in popular journals including Scientific American, National Geographic and Time. In 2009 the Smithsonian Museum, Washington, invited him to contribute material culture recovered from Blombos Cave for their permanent exhibition. He has been invited to give plenary or opening lectures at numerous international conferences, press conferences, on international live television and radio broadcasts and has delivered many invited papers to specialised and general audiences in Europe, the USA, Canada, Africa and Asia.

 

New interdisciplinary approaches

Since 1991 has directed excavations at Stone Age sites in South Africa, in particular Blombos Cave, assisted by an international team of researchers composed of archaeologists, dating specialists, archaeozoologists, climatologists, marine biologists, botanists, palynologists and micromorphologists. Excavations at an additional site Klipdrift Shelter, situated in the southern Cape, and the interdisciplinary work at the laboratories in the research group at the University of Bergen, greatly increase the opportunity to promote interdisciplinary interaction among local and international scientists.