Hjem
Click
Christopher Stuart Henshilwoods bilde

Christopher Stuart Henshilwood

Professor, Middle & Later Stone Age African Archaeology
  • E-postChristopher.Henshilwood@uib.no
  • Telefon+47 55 58 90 99
  • Besøksadresse
    Øysteinsgate 3
    Rom: 
    Sapienscapes Offices
  • Postadresse
    Postboks 7805
    5020 Bergen

Tracing the origins of behaviourally modern Homo sapiens in southern Africa (acronym Sapienscapes)

 

The Sapienscapes project focuses explicitly on the period between 100-50 ka (thousand years ago), a time of remarkable technological and behavioural expansion amongst ancestral modern humans. This project is unique and innovative in taking a macro and micro-scale approach to examine the links between material culture, innovation, subsistence and micro-environments. Currently we have only episodic views or ‘snapshots’ of early human behaviour. Also existing ages of occupations at post-100 ka archaeological sites in southern Africa are queried and need review, as does the reliance on environmental proxies disconnected from the human record. Sapienscapes is breaking this impasse. Focusing on the southern Cape, a key locus for early human occupation, in 2015 our research teams analysed materials excavated from three Middle Stone Age archaeological sites Blombos Cave, Klipdrift Shelter, Klipdrift  Cave Lower and one Later Stone Age site, Klipdrift Cave. Our 2015-2016 published results about these two sites has demonstrated their unequalled richness and integrity, and highlights their ground-breaking contribution to our understanding of modern humans in this region, indeed for Africa as a whole. The benefits of our team using precision excavation and recording techniques, innovative analytical and dating methods, and new theoretical approaches are demonstrated in our publications that highlight the behavioural innovations and subsistence practices that emerged in this region after 100 ka. Additionally our publications have directly linked these cultural records to changing environmental conditions observed in site-based archives. Our integrated macro- and microscale approach is defining a new paradigm in international archaeological research. With our inter-disciplinary team of archaeologists, dating specialists and climatologists, we believe that our research group will continue to establish a new scientific standard for assessing the relationships between human culture and the natural world in which it operates.

DISSEMINATION OF RESEARCH IN POPULAR MEDIA

There have been many articles on our research in international newspapers including front page articles in The Times and New York Times, and numerous articles in popular journals including New Scientist, Scientific American, National Geographic Magazine and Time.

Following the publication of our 2011 paper in Science on the Blombos Cave ochre processing toolkits, 794 articles appeared in the popular press in 66 countries with a potential viewership of nearly 600 million people (Newsclip Media Monitoring).

Our work as a team has been widely publicised on CNN, BBC, CBC, National Geographic, Japanese, Scandinavian and other European television channels.

In January, 2015, our work at Blombos Cave & Klipdrift featured on the cover, and as the lead story, in National Geographic Magazine.

Link to our latest dissemination programme 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5_JctzoxXA&feature=em‐upload_owner

DOCUMENTARIES 2008 -2015 (selected sample)

2015 – The Great Human Odyssey, directed by Niobe Thompson, Canadian Broadcasting Coropration http://www.cbc.ca/greathumanodyssey/episodes/episode-1-rise-of-a-species

2013 - CNN's Inside Africa documentary on Blombos Cave: http://edition.cnn.com/AFRICA/

2013 - Clearwater Documentary involving Blombos Cave: http://clearwaterdoc.ca/about/

2012 - NHK Japanese Television Special Human Series. Presenter: Tatsuya Fujiwara narration (narrator): Seiko Nakajo

2009 - TV film made with Henshilwood at Blombos Cave for the Swedish Broadcasting Society Directed by Martin Widman and presented by Lasse Berg

2010 - Film made at Cape Point Nature Reserve with Henshilwood on the ‘Origins of H. sapiens’ for Foster Brother Film Productions, South Africa.

2008 - Film made at Blombos Cave with Henshilwood in March, 2008 for display in the ‘Anne & Bernard Spitzer Hall of Human Origins’, American Museum of Natural History, New York.

POPULAR ARTICLES (selected)

·         Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2016. What excavated beads tell us about the when and where of human evolution. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/profiles/christopher-henshilwood-222991

·         National Geographic Magazine 2015  http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2015/01/first-artists/walter-text

·         Dybas, C.L. 2013. Ripple marks—The story behind the story. Oceanography 26(3):10–13, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.69

·         Dybas, C.L. 2013. Article on Blombos Cave in Oceanography . http://www.tos.org/oceanography/archive/26-3_dybas.html#abstract

·         Henshilwood, C. & van Niekerk, K. 2012. Middle Stone Age Chemists: A 100,000 Year Old Pigment Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. The Digging Stick.

·         Jeff Tollefson, 2012. Human evolution: Cultural roots. Nature 482, 290–292 (16 February 2012) doi:10.1038/482290a http://www.nature.com/news/human-evolution-cultural-roots-1.10025

20 POPULAR LINKS TO OUR RESEARCH: September, 2014 – July, 2015 (selected sample)

1.      http://www.cbc.ca/player/Shows/Shows/The+Nature+of+Things/ID/2440373757/

2.      http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2015/01/first-artists/walter-text

3.      http://www.cbc.ca/greathumanodyssey/episodes/episode-1-rise-of-a-species

4.      https://vimeo.com/117470487

5.      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5_JctzoxXA&feature=em-upload_owner

6.      www.tracsymbols.eu

7.      http://www.wits.ac.za/newsroom/newsitems/201507/26853/news_item_26853.html

8.      http://www.uib.no/aktuelt/84984/uib-arkeolog-i-national-geographic

9.      http://www.wits.ac.za/newsroom/newsitems/201501/25466/news_item_25466.html

10.  http://www.uib.no/en/ahkr/90323/diachronic-change-within-still-bay-blombos-cave-south-africa

11.  http://www.wits.ac.za/newsroom/newsitems/201501/25535/news_item_25535.html

12.  https://www.facebook.com/groups/SouthernSapiens/

13.  http://highlycited.com/#henshilwood

14.  https://uib.academia.edu/ChrisHenshilwood

15.  http://www.wits.ac.za/newsroom/newsitems/201503/25965/news_item_25965.html

16.  http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/6050

17.  http://www.uib.no/ahkr/82096/feltforsking-p%C3%A5-film

18.  https://vimeo.com/108896344

19.  http://www.iol.co.za/scitech/science/discovery/rare-sa-artefacts-go-on-display-1.1755974#.VcijZfnzoQ9

 20.  http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-archaeological-science/most-downloaded-articles/

A core focus of my projects is to encourage young researchers, especially women and the previously disadvantaged, in Africa and Europe to pursue the study of our ancient African past. My postgraduate students (Masters ‐18, PhD ‐7) and post‐doctoral researchers (7) at Wits and Bergen University have been directly involved in field excavations, and many have developed independent careers with successful publication records.

SUPERVISION OF STUDENTS (Univ. of Witwatersrand & Bergen, Norway: 2007-2014)

·    Annual 3 month Field School – southern Cape ( >120 students at undergraduate and Masters level)       

f= female, m = male, PD = previously disadvantaged

·         Masters – 18 (11F, 8M, 3PD)

·         PhD – 7 (3F, 4M, 3PD)

    Post-Doctoral – 7 (3F, 4M, 1PD)

  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2016. What excavated beads tell us about the when and where of human evolution. The Conversation. Publisert 2016-01-28.
  • Moyo, Stanley; Mphuti, Dikeledi; Cukrowska, Ewa; Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Chimuka, Luke. 2016. Blombos Cave: Middle Stone Age ochre differentiation through FTIR, ICP OES, ED XRF and XRD. Quaternary International. 404: 20-29. doi: doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.09.041
  • Reynard, Jerome; Discamps, Emmanuel; Wurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Badenhorst, Shaw; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2016. Occupational intensity and environmental changes during the Howiesons Poort at Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 449: 349-364. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.02.035
  • Rifkin, Riaan; Haaland, Magnus Mathisen; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2016. Characterising pigments on 30 000 year-old mobiliary art form Apollo 11 Cave, Karas Region, southern Namibia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 5. doi: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2015.11.028
  • Archer, Will; Gunz, Philipp; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher; McPherron, Shannon P. 2015. Diachronic change within the Still Bay at Blombos Cave, South Africa. PLoS ONE. 10:e0132428. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132428
  • Discamps, Emmanuel; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2015. Intra-Site Variability in the Still Bay Fauna at Blombos Cave: Implications for Explanatory Models of the Middle Stone Age Cultural and Technological Evolution. PLoS ONE. 21 sider. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144866
  • Douze, Katja; Wurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2015. Techno-cultural characterization of the MIS 5 (c. 105 - 90 Ka) lithic industries at Blombos Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa. PLoS ONE. 10:e0142151. 29 sider. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142151
  • Harvati, Katerina; Bauer, Catherine C.; Grine, Frederick E.; Benazzi, Stefano; Ackerman, Rebecca Rogers; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2015. A human deciduous molar from the Middle Stone Age (Howiesons Poort) of Klipdrift Shelter, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 82: 190-196. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.03.001
  • Reynard, Jerome; Discamps, Emmanuel; Badenhorst, Shaw; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2015. Subsistence strategies in the southern Cape during the Howiesons Poort: Taphonomic and zooarchaeological analyses of Klipdrift Shelter, South Africa. Quaternary International. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.07.041
  • Rifkin, Riaan; Henshilwood, Christopher; Haaland, Magnus Mathisen. 2015. Pleistocene figurative art mobilier from Apollo 11 Cave, Karas Region, Southern Namibia. South African Archaeological Bulletin. 70: 113-123.
  • Soriano, Sylvain; Villa, Paola; Delagnes, Anne; Degano, Ilaria; Pollarolo, Luca; Lucejko, Jeanette J.; Henshilwood, Christopher; Wadley, Lyn. 2015. The still bay and howiesons poort at Sibudu and Blombos: Understanding middle stone age technologies. PLoS ONE. 10:e0131127. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131127
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Vanhaeren, Marian; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher; Erasmus, Rudolph M. 2015. Assessing the accidental versus deliberate color modification of shell beads. A case study on perforated Nassarius kraussianus from Blombos Cave Middle Stone Age levels. Archaeometry. 57: 51-76. doi: 10.1111/arcm.12072
  • Badenhorst, Shaw; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Rock hyraxes (Procavia capensis) from Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. African Archaeological Review. 31: 25-43. doi: 10.1007/s10437-014-9154-7
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Origins of symbolic behaviour. Chapter. I:
    • McGraw Hill, Staff. 2014. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology 2014. 480 sider. ISBN: 9780071831062.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Lombard, Marlize. 2014. Becoming human: Archaeology of the sub-Saharan Middle Stone Age. 1.6, sider 106-130. I:
    • Renfrew, Colin; Bahn, Paul G. 2014. The Cambridge World Prehistory, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press. 690 sider. ISBN: 978-0-521-11993-1.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2014. Blombos Cave: The Middle Stone Age Levels. 240. I:
    • Smith, Claire M. 2014. Encyclopaedia of Global Archaeology. Springer. 8013 sider. ISBN: 978-1-4419-0426-3.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Wurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah; Delagnes, Anne; Armitage, Simon; Rifkin, Riaan; Douze, Katja; Keene, Petro; Haaland, Magnus Mathisen; Reynard, Jerome; Discamps, Emmanuel; Mienies, Samantha. 2014. Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. Journal of Archaeological Science. 45: 284-303. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033
  • Reynard, Jerome; Badenhorst, Shaw; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Inferring animal size from the unidentified long bones from the Middle Stone Age layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History. 4: 9-25.
  • Thompson, Jessica C'; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Nutritional values of tortoises relative to ungulates from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: Implications for foraging and social behaviour. Journal of Human Evolution. 67: 33-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.09.010
  • Thompson, Jessica; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2014. Tortoise taphonomy and tortoise butchery patterns at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 41: 214-229. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2013.08.017
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher; Garcia-Moreno, Renata; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Coquinot, Yvan; Menu, Michel; Jacobs, Zenobia; Lauritzen, Stein-Erik. 2014. Il y a 100 000 ans, un atelier pour la préparation et le stockage de mélanges pigmentés. Paleo. 117-124.
  • Dubreuil, Benoit; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. Material culture and language. Part 2, sider 147-170. I:
    • Lefebvre, Claire; Comrie, Bernard; Cohen, Henri. 2013. New Perspectives on the Origins of Language. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 582 sider. ISBN: 9789027206114.
  • Dubreuil, Benoit; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. Archeology and the language-ready brain. Language and Cognition. 5: 251-260.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. New Perspectives on the Origins of Language. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN: 9789027206114.
  • Jacobs, Zenobia; Hayes, Elspeth H.; Roberts, Richard G.; Galbraith, Rex F.; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. An improved OSL chronology for the Still Bay layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa: further tests of single-grain dating procedures and a re-evaluation of the timing of the Still Bay industry across southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 40: 579-594. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2012.06.037
  • Langejans, Geeske H.J.; Dusseldorp, Gerrit L.; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2013. A hazy shade of winter: Late Pleistocene environments and behavioural adaptations at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Chapter 2, sider 19-51. I:
    • Runge, Juergen. 2013. Palaeoecology of Africa. CRC Press. 238 sider. ISBN: 9781138001169.
  • Vanhaeren, Marian; d'Errico, Francesco; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Henshilwood, Christopher; Erasmus, Rudolph M. 2013. Thinking strings: Additional evidence for personal ornament use in the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 64: 500-517. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.02.001
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2012. Late pleistocene techno-traditions in Southern Africa: a review of the Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, c. 75-59 ka. Journal of world prehistory. 25: 205-237. doi: 10.1007/s10963-012-9060-3
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, B. 2012. Response to Shea. Current Anthropology. 53: 1-3.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2012. Middle Stone Age Chemists - a 100 000-year-old pigment processing workshop at Blombos Cave. The Digging Stick. 29: 1-5.
  • Langejans, Geeske H.J.; Dusseldorp, Gerrit L.; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2012. Terrestrial gastropods from Blombos Cave, South Africa: Research Potential. South African Archaeological Bulletin. 67: 120-144.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, Benoit. 2011. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, 77 - 59 ka: Perspective-taking and the evolution of the modern human mind during the African Middle Stone Age. Current Anthropology. 52: 361-400. doi: 10.1086/660022
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Coquinot, Yvan; Jacobs, Zenobia; Lauritzen, Stein-Erik; Menu, Michel; Garcia-Moreno, Renata. 2011. A 100,000-Year-Old Ochre-Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science. 334: 219-222. doi: 10.1126/science.1211535
  • Thompson, Jessica; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. Taphonomic analysis of the Middle Stone Age larger mammal faunal assemblage from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 60: 746-767. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.01.013
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. Introduction. Forord, sider vii-x. I:
    • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. The origin of symbolically mediated behaviour: From antagonistic scenarios to a unified research strategy. 3, sider 49-74. I:
    • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2011. Middle Stone Age engravings and their significance to the debate on the emergence of symbolic material culture. 4, sider 75-96. I:
    • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2011. Homo Symbolicus: The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 237 sider. ISBN: 9789027211897.
  • Mourre, Vincent; Villa, Paola; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2010. Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science. 330: 659-662. doi: 10.1126/science.1195550
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2009. The origins of symbolism, spirituality and shamans: exploring Middle Stone Age material culture in South Africa. Chapter 3, sider 29-49. I:
    • Renfrew, Colin; Morley, Iain. 2009. Becoming human: innovation in prehistoric material and spiritual cultures. Cambridge University Press. 282 sider. ISBN: 978-0-521-73466-0.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, Benoit. 2009. Reading the artefacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. Chapter 3, sider 41-61. I:
    • Botha, Rudolf; Knight, Chris. 2009. The Cradle of Language. Oxford University Press. 386 sider. ISBN: 9780199545865.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco; Watts, Ian. 2009. Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 57: 27-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2009.01.005
  • Villa, Paola; Soressi, Marie; Henshilwood, Christopher; Mourre, Vincent. 2009. The Still Bay points of Blombos Cave (South Africa). Journal of Archaeological Science. 36: 441-460. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2008.09.028
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Vanhaeren, Marian; Henshilwood, Christopher; Lawson, Graeme; Maureille, Bruno; Gambier, Dominique; Tillier, Anne-Marie; Soressi, Marie; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2009. From the origin of language to the diversification of languages: What can archaeology and palaeoanthropology say? -, sider 13-68. I:
    • d'Errico, Francesco; Hombert, Jean-Marie. 2009. Becoming Eloquent: Advances in the emergence of language, human cognition, and modern cultures. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 289 sider. ISBN: 9789027232694.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2008. Winds of change: palaeoenvironments, material culture and human behaviour in the Late Pleistocene (c. 77 – 48 ka) in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin. 35-51.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2008. Holocene Prehistory of the Southern Cape, South Africa Excavations at Blombos Cave and the Blombosfontein Nature Reserve. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 75. Archaeopress. 171 sider. ISBN: 9781407303437.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Dubreuil, B. 2008. Reading the artefacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. 3, sider 41-61. I:
    • Botha, R; Knight, C. 2008. The Cradle of Language, Vol. 2. Oxford University Press. 320 sider. ISBN: 978-0-19-954585-8.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2007. Fully symbolic sapiens behaviour: Innovation in the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Chapter 11, sider 123-131. I:
    • Mellars, Paul; Boyle, Katie; Bar-Yosef, Ofer; Stringer, Chris. 2007. Rethinking the Human Revolution: New Behavioural and Biological Perspectives on the Origins and Dispersal of Modern Humans. McDonald Institute. 436 sider. ISBN: 9781902937465.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2007. Additional evidence for bone technology in the southern African middle stone age. Journal of Human Evolution. 52: 142-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2006.08.003
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2006. Modern humans and symbolic behaviour: Evidence from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Chapter 4, sider 78-83. I:
    • Blundell, Geoff. 2006. Origins. ISBN: 9781770130401.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Marean, Curtis. 2006. Remodelling the origins of modern human behaviour. chapter 3, sider 31-48. I:
    • Soodyall, Himla. 2006. The prehistory of Africa: tracing the lineage of modern man. ISBN: 1868422461.
  • Jacobs, Zenobia; Duller, Geoffery A.T.; Wintle, AG; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2006. Extending the chronology of deposits at Blombos Cave, South Africa, back to 140 ka using optical dating ot single an multiple grains of quartz. Journal of Human Evolution. 51: 255-273.
  • Tribolo, Chantal; Mercier, Norbert; Sélo, Madeleine; Valladas, Hélène; Joron, Jean Louis; Reyss, Jean-Louis; Henshilwood, Christopher; Sealy, Judith; Yates, Royden. 2006. TL dating of burnt lithics from Blombos Cave (South Africa): Further evidence for the antiquity of modern human behaviour. Archaeometry. 48: 341-357. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2006.00260.x
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2005. Stratigraphic integrity of the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave. Chapter 21, sider 441-458. I:
    • d'Errico, Francesco; Backwell, Lucinda. 2005. From Tools to Symbols. Form Early Hominids to Modern Humans. Witwatersrand University Press. ISBN: 1868144178.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher; Vanhaeren, Marian; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise. 2005. Nassarius kraussianus shell beads from Blombos Cave: evidence for symbolic behaviour in the Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution. 48: 3-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2004.09.002
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 2004. The Origins of Modern Human Behaviour – Exploring the African evidence. Chapter 6, sider 95-106. I:
    • Oestigaard, Terje; Anfinset, Nils; Saetersdal, Tore. 2004. Combining the Past and the Present: Archaeological perspectives on society. Archaeopress. ISBN: 1841715735.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco; Vanhaeren, Marian; Niekerk, Karen van; Jacobs, Zenobia. 2004. Middle stone age shell beads from South Africa. Science. 304: 404-404.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Marean, Curtis. 2003. The origin of modern human behaviour: A review and critique of models and test implications. Current Anthropology. 627-651.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher; Lawson, Graeme; Vanhaeren, Marian; Tillier, Anne-Marie; Soressi, Marie; Bresson, Frédérique; Maureille, Bruno; Nowell, April; Lakarra, Joseba; Backwell, Lucinda; Julienlo, Michèle. 2003. Archaeological evidence for the emergence of language, symbolism, and music - An alternative multidisciplinary perspective. Journal of world prehistory. 17: 1-70.
  • Grine, Fred; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2002. Additional Human Remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1999-2000 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution. 293-302.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2002. Emergence of Modern Human Behaviour: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science. 1278-1280.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Sealy, Judy; Yates, Royden; Cruz-Uribe, Kathy; Goldberg, Paul; Grine, Frederick E.; Klein, Richard; Poggenpoel, Cedric; Van Niekerk, Karen Loise; Watts, Iain. 2001. Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa: Preliminary report on the 1992 – 1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age levels. Journal of Archaeological Science. 421-448.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; d'Errico, Francesco. 2001. An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism and language. Journal of Human Evolution. 631-678.
  • d'Errico, Francesco; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2001. An engraved bone fragment from ca. 75 kyr Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origin of symbolism. Antiquity. 309-318.
  • Grine, Fred; Henshilwood, Christopher. 2000. Human remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1997-1998 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution. 755-765.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 1997. Identifying the collector: Evidence for human consumption of the Cape dune mole-rat, Bathyergus suillus, from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 659-662.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Sealy, Judith. 1997. Bone artefacts from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Current Anthropology. 890-895.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher. 1996. A revised chronology for the arrival of pastoralism in southernmost Africa: new evidence of sheep at ca. 2000 b.p. from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Antiquity. 945-949.
  • Henshilwood, Christopher; Nilssen, Peter; Parkington, John. 1994. Mussel drying and food storage in the Late Holocene, SW Cape, South Africa. Journal of Field Archaeology. 21: 103-109.
  • Parkington, John; Nilssen, Peter; Reeler, Clair; Henshilwood, Christopher. 1992. Making sense of space at Dunefield Midden campsite, Western Cape, South Africa. Southern African Field Archaeology. 1: 63-70.

Se fullstendig oversikt over publikasjoner i CRIStin.

PUBLICATION CITATIONS

Peer-reviewed journals: 48 papers (4 in Science); Book Chapters: 15; Books 2

·         Scopus ISI: h-index 22; 2994 citations (March, 2016): Average citations per item 74

·         Web of Science: h-index 22: 2698 citations (March, 2016): Average citation per item 66; (4 papers in Science cited 737 times; Average citations per year 186

 ·         Google Scholar: h-index 32; 5693 citations (March 2016); i10 index 44

Researcher ID's

Thomson Reuters Web of Science ResearcherID: K-3806-2014. Link http://www.researcherid.com/rid/K-3806-2014

ORCID ID:Link http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2818-293X

Research Gate: Christopher Henshilwood: Link https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christopher_Henshilwood?ev=hdr_xprf

 

Academia.edu: Christopher Henshilwood: Link https://uib.academia.edu/ChrisHenshilwood

 BOOKS & MONOGRAPHS

  • ·         Henshilwood, C. & d’Errico, F. (editors). 2011. Homo symbolicus: The dawn of  language, imagination and spirituality. Amsterdam, Benjamins.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. S. 2008. Holocene prehistory of the southern Cape, South Africa: excavations at Blombos Cave and the Blombosfontein Nature Reserve. BAR S1860, Cambridge: Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 75: 1- 171. ISBN 978-1-4073-0343-7.

PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS

In Prep

  • ·         Douze K., Delagnes A., Wurz S., Henshilwood, C. in prep. A new classification for Howiesons Poort cores. South African Archaeological Bulletin, Submission July 2015.
  • ·         Douze, K., Delagnes, A., Wurz, S., Henshilwood, C. in prep. The Howiesons Poort sequence of Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution.
  • ·         Douze, K., Henshilwood, C. in prep. The techno-cultural successions in the Middle Stone Age sequences of Blombos Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. Journal of Archaeological Science.
  • ·         Roberts, P., Henshilwood, C., van Nierkerk, K., Armitage, S., Keene, P., Gledhill, A., Reynard, J., Badenhorst, S., Lee-Thorp, J. In prep. Climate, environment and early human innovation: Stable isotope and faunal proxy evidence from archaeological sites (98-59ka) in the southern Cape, South Africa

In Press or Submitted

  • ·         Hillestad-Nel, T., Henshilwood, C.S. accepted and under review. The small mammal sequence from the c. 76 – 72 ka Still Bay levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa – taphonomic and palaeoecological implications. PlosOne.
  • ·         Reynard, J. & Henshilwood,C.S. accepted and under review. Subsistence strategies during the later Middle Stone Age in the southern Cape of South Africa: comparing the Still Bay of Blombos Cave with the Howiesons Poort of Klipdrift Shelter. Journal of Human Evolution.
  • ·         Badenhorst, S., van Niekerk, K.L. & Henshilwood, C.S. (in press). Large mammal remains from the c. 100 ka Middle Stone Age Layers of Blombos Cave, South Africa. South African Journal of Science.

Publications in peer-reviewed journals and books

  • ·         Moyo, S., Mphuti, D., Cukrowska, E., Henshilwood, C.S., van Niekerk, K.L. Chimuka, L. 2016. Blombos Cave: Middle Stone Age ochre differentiation through FTIR, ICP OES, ED XRF and XRD. Quaternary International. doi: doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.09.041
  • ·         Reynard, J., Discamps, E., Wurz, S., van Niekerk, K.L., Badenhorst, S., Henshilwood, C.S. 2016. Occupational intensity and environmental changes during the Howiesons Poort at Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 449: 349-364. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.02.035
  • ·         Rifkin, R., Haaland, M.M., Henshilwood, C.S. 2016. Characterising pigments on 30 000 year-old mobiliary art form Apollo 11 Cave, Karas Region, southern Namibia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 5. doi: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2015.11.028
  • ·         Archer, W., Gunz, P., van Niekerk, K.L., Henshilwood, C.S., McPherron, S. 2015. Diachronic change within the Still Bay at Blombos Cave, South Africa. PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0132428
  • ·         Reynard, J., Discamps, E., Badenhorst, S., van Niekerk, K.L, Henshilwood, C.S. 2015. Subsistence strategies in the southern Cape during the Howiesons Poort: Taphonomic and zooarchaeological analyses of Klipdrift Shelter, South Africa. Quaternary International. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.07.041
  • ·         Discamps, E. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2015. Intra-Site Variability in the Still Bay Fauna at Blombos Cave: Implications for Explanatory Models of the Middle Stone Age Cultural and Technological Evolution.PlosOne. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144866
  • ·         Douze K., Wurz S., Henshilwood C. 2015. Techno-cultural characterization of the MIS 5 (c. 105 - 90 ka) lithic industries at Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. PlosOne.DOI: 0.1371/ journal.pone. 0142151
  • ·         Harvati, K., Bauer, C., Grine,F., Benazzi, S., Ackermann, R.R., van Niekerk, K., Henshilwood, C.S. 2015. A human deciduous molar from the Middle Stone Age (Howiesons Poort) of Klipdrift Shelter, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.03.001.
  • ·         Rifkin, R., Prinsloo, L., Dayet, L., Haaland, M., Henshilwood, C.S., Diz, E., Moyo, S., Vogelsang, R., Kambombo, F. 2016. Characterising pigments on 30 000-year-old portable art from Apollo 11 Cave, Karas Region, southern Namibia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 5: 336–347.
  • ·         Rifkin, R.F., Henshilwood, C.S., Haaland, M.M. 2015. Late Pleistocene figurative art mobilier from Apollo 11 Cave, Karas region, southern Namibia. South African Archaeological Bulletin 70 (201): 113–123.
  • ·         Rifkin, R.F., Henshilwood, C.S., Haaland, M.M., Vogelsang, R., Lozano, E., Prinsloo, L.C., Kambombo, F. 2015. Elemental and technological analyses of 30 000 year-old mobiliary art form Apollo II Cave, Namibia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 5 (2016) 336–347.
  • ·         Soriano, S.,Villa, P., Delagnes, A., Degano, I., Pollarolo, L., Lucejko, J., Henshilwood, C., Wadley, L. 2015. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort at Sibudu and Blombos: The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort at Sibudu and Blombos: Understanding Middle Stone Age technologies. PLOS ONE | DOI: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0131127
  • ·         Reynard, J.P., Badenhorst, S., Henshilwood C. S. 2014. Inferring animal size from the unidentified long bones from the Middle Stone Age layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (Annals of the Transvaal Museum), 4 pp. 9 - 25.
  • ·         Badenhorst, S., van Niekerk, K.L. Henshilwood, C.S. 2014. Rock hyraxes (Procavia capensis) from Middle Stone Age Levels at Blombos Cave. South Africa. African Archaeological Review 31 (1) 25-43.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. & Lombard, M. 2014. Becoming human: Archaeology of the sub-Saharan Middle Stone Age. In: Renfrew, C.  & Bahn, P.(eds.) The Cambridge World Prehistory, Volume 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 106-130.  ISBN: 9780521119931.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 2014. Origins of symbolic behaviour. In: McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology. California, McGraw-Hill. ISBN-10: 0071831061: ISBN-13: 978-0071831062
  • ·         Thompson, J. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2014. Tortoise taphonomy and tortoise butchery patterns at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 41: 214-229.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., van Niekerk, K.L., Wurz, S., Delagnes, A., Armitage, S., Rifkin, R., Douze, K., Keene, P., Haaland, M., Reynard, J., Discamps, E. & Mienies, S. 2014. Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: Preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort levels. Journal of Archaeological Science 45: 284–303.
  • ·         Thompson, J. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2014. Nutritional values of Middle Stone Age tortoises at Blombos Cave, South Africa, and implications for foraging and social behaviour. Journal of Human Evolution 67: 33–47.
  • ·         d’Errico, F., Vanhaeren, M., van Niekerk, K., Henshilwood, C.S. & Erasmus, R.M. 2013. Assessing the accidental versus deliberate color modification of shell beads. A case study on perforated Nassarius kraussianus from Blombos Cave Middle Stone Age levels. Archaeometry. doi: 10.1111/arcm.12072.
  • ·         Dubreuil, B. & Henshilwood, C. S. 2013. Material culture and language. In: Lefebvre, Claire, Bernard Comrie and Henri Cohen (eds.), New Perspectives on the Origins of Language . John Benjamins: Amsterdam: 147–170. ISBN 9789027206114.
  • ·         Langejans, G.H.J., Dusseldorp, G.L., van Niekerk, K.L., Henshilwood, C.S. 2013. A hazy shade of winter: Late Pleistocene environments and behavioural adaptations at Blombos Cave, South Africa. In: Runge, J. (ed.) New Studies on Former and Recent Landscape Changes in Africa: Palaeoecology of Africa 32: 19-51.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. & van Niekerk, K.L. 2013. Blombos Cave: The Middle Stone Age Levels. In (ed. Smith, C.), Encyclopaedia of Global Archaeology: 240. ISBN 978-1-4419-0426-3
  • ·         Dubreuil, B. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2013. Archeology and the language-ready brain. Language & Cognition 5 (2-3): 251 -260.
  • ·         Vanhaeren, M., d’Errico, F., van Niekerk, K., Henshilwood, C.S., Erasmus, R.M. 2013. Thinking strings: additional evidence for personal ornament use in the Middle Stone Age of Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 64: 500-517.
  • ·         Jacobs, Z., Hayes, E.H., Roberts, R.G., Galbraith, R.F., & Henshilwood, C.S. 2013. An improved OSL chronology for the Still Bay layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa: Further tests of single-grain dating procedures and a re-evaluation of the timing of the Still Bay industry across southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 40: 579-594.
  • ·         Langejans, G.H.J., Dusseldorp, G.L., Henshilwood, C.S., 2012. Terrestrial gastropods from Blombos Cave, South Africa: Research Potential. South African Archaeological Bulletin 67 (195): 120–144.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. S. 2012. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort: ‘Palaeolithic’ techno-traditions in southern Africa. Journal of World Prehistory 25:205-237.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C., & Dubreuil, B. 2012. Response to Shea. Current Anthropology53 (1):1-3.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. & d’Errico, F. 2011. Middle Stone Age engravings and their significance to the debate on the emergence of symbolic material culture. In: (eds. Henshilwood, C and d’Errico, F), Homo symbolicus: The dawn of language, imagination and spirituality. Amsterdam: Benjamins pp.75-96.
  • ·         d’Errico, F. & Henshilwood, C. 2011The origin of symbolically mediated behaviour: From antagonistic scenarios to a unified research strategy. In: (eds. Henshilwood, C and d’Errico, F), Homo symbolicus: The dawn of language, imagination and spirituality. Amsterdam: Benjamins pp. 49-74.
  • ·         Henshilwood,C.S. d’Errico, F., van Niekerk, K.L. Coquinot, Y., Jacobs, Z., Lauritzen, S-E., Menu, M., García-Moreno, R. 2011. A 100,000 Year Old Ochre Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science 334, 219-221
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. S. & Dubreuil, B. 2011. The Still Bay and Howiesons Poort, 77 - 59 ka: Perspective-taking and the evolution of the modern human mind during the African Middle Stone Age. Current Anthropology. 52 (3): 361-400.
  • ·         Thompson, J. & Henshilwood, C. S. 2011. Taphonomic analysis of the Middle Stone Age larger mammal faunal assemblage from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution, 60:746-767.
  • ·         Mourre, V., Villa, P. & Henshilwood, C. 2010. Early Use of Pressure Flaking on Lithic Artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science, 330: 659-662.
  • ·         d’Errico, F., Vanhaeren, M., Henshilwood, C., Lawson, G., Maureille, B., Gambier, D., Tillier, A. Soressi, M & van Niekerk, K. 2009. From the origin of language to the diversification of languages: What can archaeology and palaeoanthropology say? In F. d'Errico & J.-M. Hombert (eds.), Becoming Eloquent: Advances in the emergence of language, human cognition, and modern cultures. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company: 13-68.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., d’ Errico, F. & Watts, I. 2009. Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 27-47.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 2009. The origins of symbolism, spirituality & shamans: exploring Middle Stone Age material culture in South Africa. In  Becoming human: innovation in prehistoric material and spiritual cultures, (eds. C. Renfrew & I. Morley), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 29-49.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. & Dubreuil, B. 2009. Reading the artefacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. In: (eds. R. Botha & C. Knight), The Cradle of Language, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 41-60 .
  • ·         Villa, P., Soressi, M., Henshilwood, C.S. & Mourre, V. 2009. The Still Bay points of Blombos Cave (South Africa). Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (2): 441-460.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 2008. Winds of change: palaeoenvironments, material culture and human behaviour in the Late Pleistocene (c. 77 – 48 ka) in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin, Goodwin volume, Current Themes in Middle Stone Age Research 10: 35-51.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 2007. Fully symbolic sapiens behaviour: Innovation in the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa. In: Rethinking the Human Revolution: New Behavioural and Biological Perspectives on the Origins and Dispersal of Modern Humans,. (eds.C. Stringer & P. Mellars), MacDonald Institute Research Monograph series: Cambridge, University of Cambridge Press: 123-132 1.          
  • ·         d’Errico, F. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2007. Additional evidence for bone technology in the southern African Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution 52:142-163.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. S. & Marean, C. W. 2006. Remodelling the origins of modern human behaviour. In : The Prehistory of Africa: Tracing the lineage of modern man. (ed. H. Soodyall). Cape Town: Jonathan Ball: 31-46
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 2006. Modern humans and symbolic behaviour: Evidence from Blombos Cave, South Africa. In Origins (ed. G. Blundell). Cape Town: Double Storey: 78-83
  • ·         Tribolo, C., Mercier, N., Selo, M., Joron, J-L., Reyss, J-L., Henshilwood, C,. Sealy, J. & Yates, R. 2006. TL dating of burnt lithics from Blombos Cave (South Africa): Further evidence for the antiquity of modern human behaviour. Archaeometry 48 (2): 341–357.
  • ·         Jacobs, Z. Duller, G.A.T. Henshilwood, C.S. Wintle, A.G. 2006. Extending the chronology of deposits at Blombos Cave, South Africa, back to 140 ka using optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz. Journal of Human Evolution 51: 255-273.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. S. 2005. Stratigraphic integrity of the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave. In From Tools to Symbols. Form Early Hominids to Modern Humans. (eds. L. Backwell & F. d’Errico). Johannesburg, Witwatersrand University Press:441-458.
  • ·         d’Errico, F., Henshilwood, C., Vanhaeren, M., van Niekerk. K. 2005.  Nassarius kraussianus shell beads from Blombos Cave: Evidence for symbolic behaviour in the Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution 48:3-24.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. & d’Errico, F. 2005. Being modern in the Middle Stone Age: Individuals and innovation. (eds. C. Gamble & M. Porr). The Individual hominid in context: Archaeological investigations of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic landscapes, locales and artefacts. Routledge (Taylor Francis): 244-264
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F., Vanhaeren, M., van Niekerk, K.,  Jacobs, Z. 2004. Middle Stone Age shell beads from South Africa. Science 384:404.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 2004. The Origins of Modern Human Behaviour – Exploring the African evidence. In Combining the Past and the Present: Archaeological perspectives on society. Edited by Terje Oestegaard, Nils Anfinset and Tore Saetersdal. BAR International Series 1210: 95-106.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. & Marean, C.W. 2003. The origin of modern human behaviour: A review and critique of models and test implications. Current Anthropology 44 (5): 627-651
  • ·         d’Errico F., Henshilwood C., Lawson G., Vanhaeren M., Soressi M., Bresson F., Tillier A.M., Maureille B., Nowell A., Backwell L., Lakarra J.A., Julien M. 2003. The search for the origin of symbolism, music and language: a multidisciplinary endeavour. Journal of World Prehistory, 17 (1): 1-70.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F., Yates, R., Jacobs, Z., Tribolo, C., Duller, G.A.T., Mercier N., Sealy, J.C., Valladas, H., Watts, I. & Wintle, A.G. 2002. Emergence of Modern Human Behaviour: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science 295:1278-1280.
  • ·         Grine, F.E. & Henshilwood, C.S. 2002. Additional Human Remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1999-2000 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution 42: 293-302.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., Sealy, J.C., Yates, R.J., Cruz-Uribe, K., Goldberg, P., Grine, F.E., , Klein, R.G., Poggenpoel, C., van Niekerk, K.L., Watts, I. 2001a. Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa: Preliminary report on the 1992 – 1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age levels. Journal of Archaeological Science 28(5): 421-448.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., d’Errico, F.E., Marean, C.W., Milo, R.G., Yates, R. 2001b. An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism and language. Journal of Human Evolution 41:631-678.
  • ·         d’Errico, F., Henshilwood, C.S., & Nilssen, P. 2001. An engraved bone fragment from ca. 75  kyr Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origin of symbolism . Antiquity. 75, 309-18.
  • ·         Grine, F.E., Henshilwood, C.S. & Sealy, J.C. 2000. Human remains from Blombos Cave, South Africa: (1997-1998 excavations). Journal of Human Evolution, 37: 755-765.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. & Sealy, J.C. 1997. Bone artefacts from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Current Anthropology 38(5):890-895.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S. 1997 Identifying the collector: Evidence for human consumption of the Cape dune mole-rat, Bathyergus suillus, from Blombos Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 24:659-662.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C. S. 1996. A revised chronology for the arrival of pastoralism in southernmost Africa: new evidence of sheep at ca. 2000 b.p. from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Antiquity 70:945-949.
  • ·         Henshilwood, C.S., Nilssen, P. & Parkington, J. 1994. Mussel drying and food storage in the Late Holocene, sw Cape, South Africa. Journal of Field Archaeology 21:103-109.
  • ·         Parkington, J.E., Nilssen, P., Reeler, C.& Henshilwood, C. 1992. Making sense of space at Dunefield Midden campsite,Western Cape, South Africa. Southern African Field Archaeology 1: 63–70.

CURRENT POSITIONS 

·                     Professor of African Prehistory – Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kulturvitenskap og religionsvitenskap, University of Bergen, Norway

·                     Distinguished Professor and SARChI Chair in Origins of Modern Human Behaviour – Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

·                     Head of Archaeology and Executive Committee Member, NRF Centre of Excellence in Palaeosciences, University of the Witwatersrand

·                     Executive Committee Member, Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand

DEGREES

B.A. (Distinction in Archaeology), University of Cape Town, 1989

B.A. Hons. (with Distinction),University of Cape Town, 1990

Ph. D. (Archaeology), University of Cambridge, U.K. 1995

CURRENT AND PREVIOUS RESEARCH GRANTS (2004 – 2016)

Total raised for research in past 10 years exceeds €7 m

·         South African Research Council Chair Initiative: Chair in ‘Origins of modern human behaviour’ at University of the Witwatersrand funded by National Research Foundation/ Department of Science and Technology, South Africa (2008-2017; renewable)

·         Principal Investigator for European Research Council, FP7 Programme - TRACSYMBOLS Project Grant 2010 - 2015

·         Franco/South Africa (National Research Foundation grant (2008 – 2010).

·         Leakey Foundation, (1997, 1998, 1999, 2008)

·         Norwegian Research Council /National Research Foundation – South Africa (2007-2010)

·         Wenner Gren (1998,1999, 2007/2008)

·         National Geographic Research and Exploration Grants (2006-2007, 2012-2014)

·         University of Bergen Research Grant (2008-2015)

CREDITS & AWARDS

National (South Africa)

·         Dr. Nelson Mandela: accepts patronage of the Blombos Cave Project, 2000.

·         President Thabo Mbeki: Honourable mention in the ‘The State of the Nation’ address to the joint sitting of the Houses of Parliament, Cape Town, South Africa, February 8, 2002 and presentation by author of Blombos Cave artefacts to Members of the Houses of Parliament.

·         Academy of Science of South Africa – admitted in 2009

·         The 75 000 year old engraved ochre and beads from Blombos Cave officially recognised as ‘Symbols of South Africa Culture’. In honour of this recognition a set of stamps featuring these artefacts was issued by the South Africa Post Office in 2013.

·         A-rated Scientist by National Research Foundation, South Africa, 2015-2020.

·         Vice-Chancellors Research Award, 2015. University of the WitwatersrandListed as the pinnacle of recognition in the realm of research achievement at the University.

·         Ranked in Top 10 of South Africa’s most influential scientific minds for 2002–2012. Award published in 2014, South African Journal of Science http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2015/a0121

 

International

Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques medal and order awarded by the French Prime Minister in 2004 for distinguished contributions to French education and culture; conferred, June, 2005.

·         Colenso Visiting Fellow, St. John’s College, Cambridge, 2013

·         Academia Europaea - Elected Member in2013.

·         Thompson Reuters Lifetime Research Award in 2014 for being among the top 1% most cited for their subject field and year of publication for the period 2002 - 2012.

·         Thompson Reuters Research Award for being in the top 1% most cited in the ‘Social Sciences and General’ Category for 2013 and 2014.

·         Thompson Reuters Award for inclusion in ‘The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds’ in 2014

SOCIETY MEMBERSHIPS

Association of Heritage Assessment Practitioners, Society for Africanist Archaeologists; Association of South African Professional Archaeologists.

REFEREE: JOURNALS & FUNDING APPLICATIONS (sample)

Antiquity (x2); Current Anthropology (x3); Journal of African Archaeology (x1); Leakey Foundation (1x); National Geographic (x2); National Science Foundation (x4); Science (x3); South African Journal of Science (x2), South African Archaeological Bulletin (x2)

-Invited European Science Foundation,  Funding Reviewer

-Invited European Research Council, FP7 programme reviewer

-Invited National Science Foundation, USA, Funding Reviewer

 -Invited Leakey Foundation, USA, Funding reviewer  

Our past and ongoing research has laid the foundation for the need to now expand and establish an Afro-Norwegian Centre of Excellence in human origins research. We will do this by combing our resources of the Modern Human Origins group at the Evolutionary Studies Institute and Palaeosciences Centre of Excellence at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa ( http://ancient-earth.co.za/) with the skills and resources of inter-disciplinary scientists at the University of Bergen (UiB), Norway. The foundations for this proposed symbiotic research programme will be laid in 2016. The funding will come from Henshilwood’s SARChI Research Chair at the University of the Witwatersrand and an application has been submitted to the SFF programme, Research Council of Norway. http://www.forskningsradet.no/en/Funding/SFF/1254014735223/p1184150364108?progId=1253965012525&visAktive=true. Our application has advanced to Round 2. 

Homo sapiens was anatomically modern by 200 000 years ago in Africa, but there is no archaeological evidence to demonstrate that behaviour was modern at the time. Attributes of modern behaviour, perhaps inspired by changes in the human brain, are only recognizable after 100 000 years ago. Before we can study the process, we must critically define the criteria for the term ‘modern behaviour’ and then find a means to recognize such behaviour in the record. This seemingly simple research statement involves complex exploration by a team of specialists. In this highly competitive research field our centre will, for the first time, be able to rise to the challenge by combining the skills of cutting-edge scientists in archaeology, climate reconstruction and modelling, and the cognitive and social sciences. Over the next decade we will integrate knowledge and methods from different disciplines to synthesize approaches and contribute to a sophisticated understanding of early human behaviour. Our highly ambitious research program will focus explicitly on rare, well preserved archaeological sites occupied in the period between 100-50 000 years ago because these contain the ‘keys’ for unlocking the past. A major competitive edge is the EHB Director’s 25 years of archaeological experience and his long-term exclusive access, with permits, to a number of the best-preserved sites in the southern Cape, South Africa - a region regarded as a major locus for vital evidence that could inform on the behaviour of early humans. Our planned excavations at existing and new sites and our ground-breaking and innovative interdisciplinary approaches, including climate (Bjerknes Centre) and cognitive research, to understanding the processes that shaped human cultures will consolidate Norway’s position over the next decade as a world leader in early human origins research.

 Through integrating the unique breadth of competence available at UiB and Wits with top international collaborators we are confident we can deliver transformative results. This can only be achieved by adopting a holistic approach (integrating Science and Humanities) that focuses on early Homo sapiens in considerably more depth than previously possible and that extends beyond previously limiting intra-disciplinary boundaries. To achieve this goal Henshilwood has attracted leading scientists from top research groups, including the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, UiB Psychosocial Sciences, U. Tubingen, CNRS Bordeaux, the Max Planck Institute and Royal Holloway. Thus we are able, for the first time, to co-ordinate and integrate expertise and the analytical and computational facilities available to our team of archaeologists, zoo-archaeologists, micromorphologists, palaeoclimatologists, climate-dynamicists, dating experts, cognitive and neuroscientists as well as geneticists. We believe this will provide the competitive edge needed for a highly innovative, cutting-edge, international research programme focussed on early human origins. 

Outreach Programme

Proposed Origins Museum and Education Centre located in De Hoop Nature Reserve, southern Cape, South Africa 

A central focus of our De Hoop outreach programme will highlight Africa as the birthplace of humankind, as the place where behavioural modernity first evolved. Our research in this region highlights the invention and adoption of complex technologies and multifaceted adaptations to a range of environments and subsistence strategies. We believe it strongly supports the hypothesis that H. sapiens were ‘behaviourally modern’ when they first left Africa about 60 ka . We have commenced, with the voluntary assistance of leading educationists, museum designers and Wits University, to create outreach concepts that will portray how we can use the prehistory and the recent past of the southern Cape region to break down present conceived boundaries based on culture, religion and race and instil a new sense of pride in our common African origins. Our prehistory packs will be developed for the 1500 + learners, aged 6 – 16 years, who currently stay for several days at the Potberg Education Centre each year. Of these learners 90% come from historically disadvantaged communities. Additionally we will fund the transport, subsistence and accommodation costs for an additional 600 learners to stay at Potberg in 2016-2017.

Link tou our dissemination plans

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5_JctzoxXA&feature=em‐upload_owner