Hjem
Erling Vårdals bilde

Erling Vårdal

Professor emeritus
  • E-postErling.Vardal@uib.no
  • Telefon+47 977 72 091
  • Besøksadresse
    Fosswinckelsgate 14
  • Postadresse
    Postboks 7802
    5007 BERGEN

Jordbruksøkonomi. Se www.jordbruk.uib.no

Internasjonal makroøkonomi

Bøker
  • Austvik, Ole Gunnar; Bredesen, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Internasjonal handel og økonomisk integrasjon. 396 sider. ISBN: 82-00-22552-6.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Multifunctionality of Agriculture. 265 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar; Brunstad, Rolf. 1995. Utvikling eller avvikling - jordbruket ved en skillevei. 157 sider. ISBN: 82-417-0501-8.
Tidsskriftartikler
  • Rebnor, Robert; Vårdal, Erling. 2016. Er dollarens dager talte? Globale valutaer. Samfunnsøkonomen. 130: 28-38.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2015. Trade liberalization versus climate change policy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture: Some insights from Norway. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy. 37: 418-436. doi: 10.1093/aepp/ppu038
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2015. Greenhouse gas abatement in Norwegian agriculture: costs or benefits? EuroChoices. 14: 34-40. doi: 10.1111/1746-692X.12089
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2015. Greenhouse gas abatement in agriculture - Is there a conflict with food security? EuroChoices. 14: 35-41. doi: 10.1111/1746-692X.12080
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2014. The trade-off between food production and greenhouse gas mitigation in Norwegian agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 184: 59-66. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2013.11.025
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2013. Bondekannibalisme. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.). Publisert 2013-05-15.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David. 2013. Extensification versus Intensification in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture: Insights from NorwaY. EuroChoices.
  • Hagist, Christian; Raffelhüschen, Bernt; Risa, Alf Erling; Vårdal, Erling. 2013. Long-Term Fiscal Effects of Public Pension Reform in Norway - A Generational Accounting Analysis. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 38: 1-23.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar. 2012. Hvordan kutte utslippene fra jordbruket. Klima.
  • Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an asessment and application to Norway. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development. 6: 195-217.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Mittenzwei, Klaus; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Modeller i jordbruket. Nationen. Publisert 2011-05-23.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Ti myter om jordbruk. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.). Publisert 2011-05-04.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto; Vårdal, Erling. 2010. How effective are WTO disciplines on domestic support and market access for agriculture? The World Economy. 33: 1470-1485. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2010.01298.x
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Lite målrettet styring av jordbruket: Riksrevisjonens rapport om jordbrukspolitikken. Samfunnsøkonomen. 64: 19-24.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Lite målrettet styring av jordbruket: Riksrevisjonens rapport om jordbrukspolitikken. Samfunnsøkonomen. 64: 19-24.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2010. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an assessment and application to Norway. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development. 6: 197-220.
  • Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2009. On deregulating food prices. Computational Economics. 34: 309-322. doi: 10.1007/s10614-009-9175-5
  • Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Finanskrisens innvirkning på valutamarkedene. Samfunnsøkonomen. 63: 60-68.
  • Straume, Hans-martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Finanskrisens innvirkning på valutamarkedene. Samfunnsøkonomen. 69: 60-68.
  • Januleviciute, Jurgita; Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Effekten av en nasjons valutavalg på utenrikshandelen. Norsk økonomisk tidsskrift. 122: 36-50.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Mjørlund, Rune. 2007. Kjerringa mot strømmen: Om Norges tilpasning til WTO-regelverket. Økonomisk forum. 9. 1-5.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: an inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. European Review of Agricultural Economics. 32: 469-488.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: an inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. European Review of Agricultural Economics. 32: 469-488.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 31: 77-97.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 31: 77-97.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 31: 77-97.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2004. Kostbare reguleringer i meierisektoren. SNF Bulletin. 16: 9-12.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Støtten til distriktsjordbruket sett i et samfunnsøkonomisk perspektiv. Landbruksøkonomisk Forum. 20.: 15-26.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Det multifunksjonelle jordbruket. Dagens næringsliv. Publisert 2001-04-06.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Månedlige inflasjonsprognoser. Økonomisk forum. 55: 17-18.
  • Holgersen, Lars P.; Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Arbeidsfortjenesten i jordbruket. Landbruksøkonomisk Forum. 4.
  • Holgersen, Lars Petter; Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Arbeidsfortjenesten i jordbruket. Landbruksøkonomisk Forum. 4.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf; Gaasland, Ivar. 2000. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research Procedings of NJF - seminar nr. 313.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf; Gaasland, Ivar. 2000. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research Procedings of NJF - seminar nr. 313.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Agricultural production and the optimal level of landscape preservation. Land Economics. 75: 538-546.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Agricultural production and the optimal level of landscape preservation. Land Economics. 75: 538-546.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Euroen og den norske kronens skjebne, av Arne John Isachsen og Ole Bjørn Røste (red). Sosialøkonomen. 10: ..
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Tariff or quota protection - A case study of the Norwegian apple market. Applied Economics. 30: 951-957.
  • Kvilekval, Espen; Vaage, Kjell; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Sammenhengen mellom pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge. Norsk Økonomisk Tidsskrift. 112: 185-211.
  • Nese, Gjermund; Tveit, Ynvar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Risikopremie og kapitalmobilitet. Beta. Scandinavian Journal of Business Research. 2: 35-46.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Bør kronen flyte? Sosialøkonomen. 52: 10-12.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Nese, Gjermund; Tveit, Yngvar. 1998. Risk premium and capital mobility. Beta. Scandinavian Journal of Business Research. 2.
  • Kvilekval, Espen; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Valutauroen ved årsskiftet 1996/97 - Årsak og lærdommer. Sosialøkonomen. 51(8): 6-8.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Norges medlemsskapsavtale med EU på landbruksområdet. Sosialøkonomen. 48: 14-21.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Prisstabilisering i jordbruket. Norsk Økonomisk Tidsskrift. 108: 173-188.
  • Edison, Hali J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1990. Optimal Currency Baskets for Small Developed Economies. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics. 92: 559-571.
  • Edison, Hali J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1987. Optimal Currency Basket in a World of Generalized Floating: An Application to the Nordic Countries. International Journal of Forecasting. 3: 81-96.
Rapporter/avhandlinger
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar. 2012. Everybody knows that the boat is leaking: How Norway thwarts its WTO commitments. Arbeidsnotat. 2012: 32/12. Samfunns- og næringslivsforskning AS, Norge. 15 sider.
  • Hagist, Christian; Raffelhuschen, Bernd; Risa, Alf Erling; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Long-Term Fiscal Effects of Public Pension Reform in Norway - A Generational Accounting Analysis. University of Bergen. 25 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto. 2009. How effective are WTO disciplines on domestic support and market access for agriculture? Working Paper 03-2009 Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto. 2008. Norway: Shadow WTO Agricultural Domestic Support Notifications. IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 812, Washington.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2007. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an assessment and application to Norway. Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi, NHH, Bergen. 19 sider.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2007. Regional Aspects of Agriculture. The Institute of Economics, Zagreb Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Zagreb. 20 sider.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2007. Optimal provision of public goods. Implications for support to agriculture. 6. Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi, Norges Handelshøyskole, Bergen. 15 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Blandford, David. 2007. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement. Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Business and Adminstration, Bergen. 20 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar. 2006. On Stabilizing or Deregulating Food Prices. University of Bergen, Bergen. 27 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge 1960-2001. Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen, Bergen. 13 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen, Bergen. 24 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2004. Pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge i 1960-2004. Centre for Monetary Economics, BI, Oslo. 8 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2003. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Working Papers in Economics. 15/03. MANGLER. 32 sider.
  • Bratberg, Espen; Holgersen, Lars P.; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Explaining off-farm labour supply: The importance of income. SEFOS Notat. 9-2001. Senter for samfunnsforskning (SEFOS), Bergen. 14 sider.
  • Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Equilibrium and price stabilization. SEFOS Notat. 63. Senter for samfunnsforskning (SEFOS), Bergen. 8 sider.
  • Bratberg, Espen; Legernes, Lars Einar; Vårdal, Erling. 1999. From Fixers to Floaters: An Empirical Analysis of the Decline in Fixed Exchange Rate Regimes 1973-1995. DUPI working papers. 1599. Institutt for økonomi, Institutt for økonomi. 24 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Optimal choice of a union partner. DUPI working papers. 0799. Institutt for økonomi, Institutt for økonomi. 29 sider.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for milk produkts. Working Paper. 1298. Institutt for økonomi. 17 sider.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for milk products. 15. Norges handelshøyskole. Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi. 17 sider.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Agricultural production and the optimal level of landscape preservation. Working Paper. 1097. Instiutt for økonomi. 15 sider.
  • Kvilekval, Espen; Vaage, Kjell; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Sammenhengen mellom pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge 1960-1996. Arbeidsnotat. 0197. Institutt for økonomi.
  • Nese, Gjermund; Tveit, Yngvar; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Risikopremie og kapitalmobilitet. Arbeidsnotat. 0297. Institutt for økonomi.
  • Brunstad, Rolf; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Agriculture as a provider of public goods. Working Paper. [Mangler utgivernavn].
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Tariff or quota protection - A case study of the Norwegian apple market. Working Paper. [Mangler utgivernavn].
  • Edison, Hali J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1989. Optimal Currency Baskets for Small, Developed Economies. Working Paper. 6. [Mangler utgivernavn], Bergen Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1989. On the relationship between the Price of Oil and the Dollar Exchange Rate. Working Paper. 4. [Mangler utgivernavn], Bergen Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen.
Bokkapitler
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2012. Anderledeslandet. Kap. 6, sider 60-70. I:
    • Andersen, Peder; Henriksen, Ingrid; petersen, jørn henrik; Zobbe, Henrik. 2012. Hvordan ser verden ud? 73 bidrag om økonomi, institutioner og værdier. Professor Niels Kærgård 70 år. Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag. 592 sider. ISBN: 978-87-574-2854-4.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto J.; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Norway. Chapter 6, sider 189-220. I:
    • Orden, David; Blandford, David; josling, tim. 2011. WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support: Seeking a Fair Basis for Trade. Cambridge University Press. 494 sider. ISBN: 978-1-107-00544-0.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Optimal provision of public goods: implications for support to agriculture. faglig_bok_forlag, sider 171-181. I:
    • 2008. Multifunctionality in agriculture. Evaluating the degree of jointness, policy implications. 11 sider.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar. 2007. Vestlandsbonden som produsent av fellesgoder. kapittel 12, sider 314-330. I:
    • Rusten, Grete; Iversen, Nina M.; Hem, Leif Egil. 2007. Våronn med nye muligheter Ressurs- og opplevelsesbasert verdiskaping på vestlandsbygdene. Fagbokforlaget. 343 sider. ISBN: 978-82-450-0624-7.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Markedsmakt i foredlings- og handelsleddene. 109-120. I:
    • Rødseth, Tor. 2002. Landbruket ved en korsvei. Fagbokforlaget. ISBN: 82-7674-800-7.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Dairy Products. faglig_bok_institusjon, sider 173-187. I:
    • 2001. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research Proceedings of NJF-seminar No. 313, June 2000. 2. Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Oslo. 15 sider.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Dairy Products. 173-187. I:
    • [Mangler etternavn], [Mangler fornavn]. 2001. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research Proceedings of NJF-seminar No. 313, June 2000. ISBN: 82-7077-390-5.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Diary Products. 173-187. I:
    • Borgen, Svein Ole. 2001. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research. ISBN: 82-7077-390-5.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2001. Multifunctionality of agriculture: An inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. I:
    • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Multifunctionality of Agriculture.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Inntekter, sysselsetting og omstillinger. I:
    • Simonsen, Jesper W. 1994. Norsk landbruk og EU - hva kan forskerne si?
  • Brunstad, R. J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1989. Goal Conflicts in the Norwegian Farming Industry: Allocational Loss through the Pursuit of Non-Efficiency Goals. 97-102. I:
    • Bauer, S.; Henrichsmeyer, W. 1989. Agricultural Sector Modelling.

Se fullstendig oversikt over publikasjoner i CRIStin.

 

Selected international publications and articles in books:

  • Greenhouse Gas Abatement in Agriculture - Is there a Conflict with Food Security? Forthcoming in Eurochoices, 2015. (With David Blandford and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Trade Liberalization versus Climate Change Policy for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture: Some Insights from Norway. Forthcoming in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 2015. (With David Blandford and Ivar Gaasland)
  • The trade-off between food production and greenhouse gas mitigation in Norwegian agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 184, 59-66, 2014. (With David Blandford and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Extensification versus Intensification in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture: Insights from Norway. Eurochoice 12(3), 4-9, 2013. (With David Blandford and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Long-Term Fiscal Effects of Public Pension Reform in Norway - A Generational Accounting Analysis. Nordic Journal of Political Economy 38, 1-23, 2013. (With Christian Hagist, Bernd Raffelhüschen and Alf Erling Risa)
  • Chapter 6: Norway. In David Orden, David Blandford and Tim Josling (eds). WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support: Seeking a Fair Basis for Trade. Cambridge University Press, 189-220, 2011. (With Ivar Gaasland and Roberto Garcia)
  • How Effective are WTO Disciplines on Domestic Support and Market Access for Agriculture? World Economy, 33(11), 1470-1485, 2010. (With David Blandford, Ivar Gaasland and Roberto Garcia)
  • Optimal Agricultural Policy and PSE Measurement: An Assessment and Application to Norway. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development 6(2), 197-220, 2010. (With David Blandford, Rolf J. Brunstad and Ivar Gaasland)
  • On Deregulating Food Prices. Computational Economics, 2009. (With Sjur D. Flåm and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Regional Aspect of Agriculture, in Social Policy and Regional Development. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, 2007. (With Rolf J. Brunstad and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy, 31, 77-97, 2005. (With Rolf J. Brunstad and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Multifunctionality of agriculture: An inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 32(4): 469-488, 2005. (With Rolf J. Brunstad and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Agricultural Production and the Optimal Level of Landscape Preservation. Land Economics, 1999. (With Rolf J. Brunstad and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Tariff or quota protection - A case study of the Norwegian apple market. Applied Economics, 1998. (With Ivar Gaasland).
  • Agriculture as a provider of public goods. Agricultural Economics, 12, 39-50, 1995. (With Rolf J. Brunstad and Ivar Gaasland)
  • Optimal currency baskets for small, developed economies. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 92, 559-571, 1990. (With Hali Edison).

Work in progress:

  • GHG abatement welfare cost curves for Norwegian agriculture. (With David Blandford and Ivar Gaasland)
  • The performance of large versus specialized firms: A study of firms importing apples into Norway. (With Hans-Martin Straume)

Selected publications in Norwegian:

  • Lite målrettet styring av jordbruket: Riksrevisjonens rapport om jordbrukspolitikken. (Lack of targeting of the Norwegian agricultural policy). Samfunnsøkonomen nr. 7, 2010. (With Rolf J. Brunstad)
  • Finanskrisens innvirkning på valutamarkedene. (The effect of the financial crisis on the markets for foreign exchange). Samfunnsøkonomen nr. 4, 2009. (With Hans-Martin Straume)
  • Effekten av en nasjons valutavalg på utenrikshandelen. (The effect of a nation's exchange rate system on foreign trade). Nytt Økonomisk Tidsskrift, nr. 2, 2008. (With Jurgita Janulevicute and Hans-Martin Straume)
  • Kjerringa mot strømmen: Om Norges tilpasning til WTO-regelverket. (Swimming against the tide: On Norway’s adaptation to WTO commitments). Økonomisk Forum nr. 9, 2007. (With Rune Mjørlund)