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Ragnhild Louise Muriaass bilde

Ragnhild Louise Muriaas

Førsteamanuensis
  • E-postRagnhild.Muriaas@uib.no
  • Telefon+47 55 58 94 48+47 965 14 015
  • Besøksadresse
    Christiesgt. 15
    Rom: 
    315
  • Postadresse
    Postboks 7802
    5007 BERGEN

Statsviter med fokus på komparativ politikk, politisk desentralisering, kvinnerepresentasjon og inkluderingspolitikk i det globale sør.

Felterfaring fra Malawi, Sør-Afrika, Uganda og Zambia.

  • Associate Senior Reserarcher, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI). 

 

Prosjekter:

Ragnhild Muriaas er leder for det FRIHUMSAM-finansierte prosjektet Money Talks: Gendered Electoral Financing in Democratic and Democratizing States (oppstart januar 2016). Dette prosjektet ser på betydningen av penger i politikk på tvers av ulike regioner ved å studere sammenhengen mellon kjønnede valgkampfinansieringsformer og kvinners deltakelse i politikken. Med internasjonale organisasjoner som FN i ryggen har flere land og ikke-statlige organisasjoner i de siste årene innført ulike former for kjønnet valgkampfinansiering. En form for kjønnet valgkampfinansiering går direkte til politisk aktive kvinner for å øke deres motivasjon til å stille til valg og til å vinne frem i kampen mot antatt mer pengesterke menn.  En annen form søker å motivere politiske parti til å fremme likebalanse i sine valgnominasjoner, ved å gi en ekstrabevilgning til parti som har en viss kjønnsbalanse eller gi mulkt til de som ikke har det. Men hva er effekten av denne form for finansiering på rekruttering av kvinner i politikken? Hvordan påvirker denne form for økonomiske stimuli nominasjonsprossessene innad i politiske parti og øker de kvinners mulighet til å bli valgt inn i politiske embet? Prosjektet er komparativt (utvikler typologi og datasett) og har Storbrittania, Frankrike, Kenya og Malawi som hovedcase.   

Muriaas er også en av hovedforskerne i det NORGLOBAL-finansierte prosjektet Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to women's political representation ledet av Liv Tønnessen (CMI) (oppstart januar 2014). I de siste tiårene har det internasjonale samfunnet satt spørsmål knyttet til kvinners deltakelse i politikken på agendaen. En pådriver for denne politikken har vært en antakelse om at der er en sammenheng mellom økt numerisk kvinnerepresentasjon og, for det første, innføring av kvinnevennlige reformer (substansiell representasjon) og, for det andre, aksept for kvinner som politiske aktører (symbolske representasjon). Dette prosjektet studerer det internasjonale engasjementet for spørsmål knyttet til kvinnerepresentasjon ved å studere endringer i fire ulike case som alle har vært hovedmottakere for kjønnet bistand de siste tiårene (Malawi, Sudan, Uganda og Zambia). Muriaas sitt hovedbidrag til dette prosjektet er å studere prosesser knyttet opp mot reformer om barneekteskap i Zambia og Malawi, samtidig som hun arbeider med survey eksperiment som tester hvordan kvinnevennlige reformer oppfates forskjellig ut fra hvem som er budbringeren. Surveyen gjennomføres som et sammarbeid med The Progamme of Governance and Local Development at Gothenburg (GLD), se http://gld.gu.se/malawi.html .

 

Høst 2016:

EUR 101 Innføring i europeisk historie og politikk

Vår 2016:

SAMPOL 327 The Politics of Gender: Citizenship, Representation and Development

 

Høsten 2015

SAMPOL100 Innføring i sammenliknende politikk

 

Våren 2015

SAMPOL321 Political Parties in Post-Conflict States

 

Bøker
  • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 9781137517647.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. Afrikanske utfordringer - En innføring i afrikansk politikk. Cappelen Damm Høyskoleforlaget. 136 sider. ISBN: 978-82-7634-802-6.
Tidsskriftartikler
  • Aalen, Lovise; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2017. Power calculations and political decentralisation in African post-conflict states. International Political Science Review. 38: 56-69. doi: 10.1177/0192512115615704
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Rakner, Lise; Skage, Ingvild Aagedal. 2016. Political capital of ruling parties after regime change: contrasting successful insurgencies to peaceful pro-democracy movements. Civil Wars. 18: 175-191. doi: 10.1080/13698249.2016.1205563
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke. 2016. Bistand til kvinnebevegelser i Afrika virker. Bistandsaktuelt. Publisert 2016-01-27.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Svåsand, Lars G. 2015. Opposition parties and the decentralisation process in South Africa and Zambia. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. 53: 475-496. doi: 10.1080/14662043.2015.1089003
  • Kayuni, Happy M.; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2014. Alternatives to gender quotas : electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi. Representation: Journal of Representative Democracy. 50: 393-404. doi: 10.1080/00344893.2014.951235
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Signe Arnfred: Sexuality and Gender Politics in Mozambique - Rethinking Gender in Africa. Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning. 1. 92-96.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Ikonet Mandela. Bergens Tidende.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Party affiliation in new democracies: Local reactions to the split of the ruling party in Malawi. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. 7: 190-199. doi: 10.5897/AJPSIR10.096
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Happy, Kayuni. 2013. The reversed contagion effect: Explaining the unevenness of women's representation across South African municipalities. Women's Studies: International Forum. 41: 150-159. doi: 10.1016/j.wsif.2013.05.006
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke. 2013. Exploring the relationship between democratization and quota policies in Africa. Women's Studies: International Forum. 41: 89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.wsif.2013.05.010
  • Tønnessen, Liv; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Å være sin mann lydig. Bergens Tidende. Publisert 2013-10-19.
  • Mpesi, Andrew Mabvuto; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2012. Food security as a political issue: the 2009 elections in Malawi. Journal for Contemporary African Studies. 30: 377-393. doi: 10.1080/02589001.2012.689624
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2012. Lik rett til jord er fortsatt en fjern drøm. Bergens Tidende. Publisert 2012-01-10.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Wang, Vibeke. 2012. Executive dominance and the politics of quota representation in Uganda. Journal of Modern African Studies. 50: 309-338. doi: 10.1017/S0022278X12000067
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. Tilfellet Malawi. Hubro. Magasin for Universitetet i Bergen. 18: 56-57.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing? Democratization. 18: 1067-1086. doi: 10.1080/13510347.2011.603477
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2011. Traditional Institutions and Decentralisation: A Typology of Co-Existence in Sub-Saharan Africa. Forum for Development Studies. 38: 87-107. doi: 10.1080/08039410.2010.521574
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2009. Reintroducing a Local-Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why Be in Opposition? Government and Opposition. 44: 91-112. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-7053.2008.01277.x
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2009. Local Perspectives on the 'neutrality' of traditional authorities in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. 47: 28-51. doi: 10.1080/14662040802659389
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2009. ANC og maktkonsentrasjon i Sør-Afrika: Åpner lokaldemokratiet for maktdeling? Politica - Tidsskrift for politisk videnskab. 41: 283-299.
Rapporter/avhandlinger
  • Benstead, Lindsay; Dulani, Boniface; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Rakner, Lise; Wang, Vibeke. 2017. The Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) in Malawi: Selected Findings on Gender. The Program on Governance and Local Development (GLD), Gothenburg University. 64 sider.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2008. Affection and Defection: Local Perspectives on the Pull Towards the Government Party in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda. University of Bergen, Norway, UiB. 152 sider.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2002. Two Bulls in a Kraal - Recognising cultural difference in post-Apartheid South Africa. Bergen Open Research Archive (BORA), Bergen, Norway. 188 sider.
Bokkapitler
  • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship: The Politics of Representation. Kapittel 1 Introduksjon, sider 1-14. I:
    • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 9781137517647.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke. 2016. Substantive Representation: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reform in Morocco, South Africa and Uganda. Kapittel 6, sider 111-136. I:
    • Danielsen, Hilde; Jegerstedt, Kari; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Ytre-Arne, Brita. 2016. Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 9781137517647.
  • Kayuni, Happy M.; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2015. Alternatives to Gender Quotas: Electoral Financing of Women Candidates In Malawi. Chapter 9. I:
    • Krook, Mona Lena; Zetterberg, Pär. 2015. Gender Quotas and Women's Representation: New Directions in Research. Routledge. 132 sider. ISBN: 1138907421.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2015. The Quality And Stability Of Subnational Elections In Africa: A Methodological and Conceptual Tool. Chapter 5, sider 82-104. I:
    • Spanakos, Anthony; Panizza, Francisco. 2015. Conceptualising Comparative Politics. Routledge. 256 sider. ISBN: 978-1138782921.
  • Hussein, Mustafa; Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. Traditional Authorities. 8, sider 155-173. I:
    • Svåsand, Lars G; Patel, Nandini. 2013. Government and Politics of Malawi. 370 sider. ISBN: 978-99908-0-019-7.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2013. The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing? 2, sider 12-31. I:
    • Green, Elliott; Söderström, Johanna; Uddhammar, Emil. 2013. Political Opposition and Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Routledge. 200 sider. ISBN: 978-0415870382.
  • Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise. 2005. Dilemmas Connected to Recognising Customary Law and Courts in South Africa. Kapittel, sider . I:
    • Lindholt, Lone; Scaumburg-Müller, Sten. 2005. Human Rights and Local/Living Law. Brill Nijhoff. 250 sider. ISBN: 90-04-13876-5.

Se fullstendig oversikt over publikasjoner i CRIStin.

Books:

Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild Muriaas (forthcoming). Manipulating Political Decentralization: Africa's Inclusive Autocrats. Routledge.

Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (eds) (2016). Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. Afrikanske utfordringer: En innføring i afrikansk politikk [African Challenges: An Introduction to African Politics]. Høyskoleforlaget.


Articles:

Aalen, Lovise and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2017) Power Calculations and Political Decentralization in African Post-Conflict States, International Political Science Review, 38 (1), 56-69. 

Muriaas, Ragnhild, Lise Rakner and Ingvild Aagedal Skage (2016) Political Capital of Ruling Parties after Regime Change: Contrasting Successful Insurgencies to Peaceful Pro-democracy Movements, Civil Wars, 18 (2), 175-191. 

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. and Lars Svaasand (2015) Opposition Parties and the Decentralization Process in South Africa and Zambia. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 53 (4).

Kayuni, Happy and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2014. ‘Alternatives to gender quotas: electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi’, Representation, 50 (3): 393-404.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L, Liv Tønnessen and Vibeke Wang. 2013. 'Exploring the Relationship between Democratization and Quota Policies in Africa', Women Studies International Forum, 41: 89-93.

Muriaas, Ragnhild and Happy Kayuni. 2013. 'The Reversed Contagion Effect: Explaining The Unevenness of Women’s Representation across South African Municipalities', Women's Studies International Forum, 41: 150-9.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2013. 'Party Affiliation in New Democracies: Local reactions to the split of the ruling party in Malawi', African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 7 (4): 190-9.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. and Vibeke Wang. 2012. 'Executive dominance and the politics of quota representation in Uganda, Journal of Modern African Studies, 50 (2): 309-38.

Mpesi, Andrew M, and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2012. 'Food security as a political issue: the 2009 elections in Malawi', Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 30 (3): 377-93.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. ‘ANC & Power Concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?’ Special Issue on Opposition in Africa, Democratization, 18 (5), 1067-86.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. ‘Traditional institutions and dencentralization: A typology of co-existence in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Forum for Development Studies, March, 38 (1), 87-107.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘Local Perspectives on the 'neutrality' of traditional authorities in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda’, Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 47 (1), 28-51.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘Reintroducing a Local-Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why be in opposition?’ Government and Opposition, 44 (1), 91-112.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘ANC og maktkonsentrasjon i Sør-Afrika: Åpner lokaldemokratiet for maktdeling?’, Politica, 41 (3), 283-99.
 

Chapters in books:

Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (2016). ‘Introduction’. In Hilde Danielsen et al. (eds) Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnesen and Vibeke Wang (2016). Substantive Representation: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reform in Morocco, South Africa and Uganda. In Hilde Danielsen et al. (eds) Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2015. 'The Quality and Stability of Subnational Elections in Africa: A Methodological and Conceptual Tool', ch. 5. In Anthony Spanakos and Francisco Panizza (eds.) Conceptualizing Comparative Politics, New York, NY: Routledge.

Hussein, Mustafa K. and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2013. 'Traditional Authorities' in Nandini Patel and Lars Svåsand (eds) Government and Politics in Malawi, second edition. Lilongwe, Malawi: Capital Printing Press.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2013. 'The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?' pp. 12-31. In Emil Uddhammer, Elliott Green and Johanna Söderström (eds.) Political Opposition and Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa, New York, NY: Routledge. (reprint).

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2005. 'Dilemmas Connected to Recognising Customary Law and Courts in South Africa' in Lone Lindholt and Sten Schaumburg-Müller (eds.) Human Rights and Local/living law in Human Rights in Development, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishing.

 

Working Papers:

Ragnhild Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, LIndsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2017). 'It Takes a female Chief: Gender and Effective Politicy Advocacy in Makawi, Working Paper, No.11, The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

 

Reports:

The Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) in Malawi: Selected FIndings on Gender (2017). Report prepared by Lindsay Benstead, Boniface Dulani, Ragnhild L. MUriaas, Lise Rakner and Vibeke Wang. GLD report. The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

 

Dissertations:

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2008. Affection and Defection: Local Perspectives on the Pull Towards the Government Party in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda, PhD Dissertation, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2002. Two Bulls in a Kraal - Recognising cultural difference in post-Apartheid South Africa, hovedfagsoppgave (M.Phil. Thesis), Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

 

EDUCATION

2008 Ph.D, Departmenet of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2002 Cand. Polit. Degree. Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

1996 Cand. Mag. Degree. Faculty of Social Science, University of Bergen.

 

POSITIONS

2015 Associate Senior Researcher, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen, Norway.

2013 -  Associate Professor,Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2010 Visiting Scholar, Department of Sociology, University of California (Berkeley).

2009 - 2013 Post-doctor,Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2005-2006 Visiting scholar, Department of Political Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

2005 Visiting scholar, Political Science and Public Administration, Makerere University, Uganda.

2004 Visiting PhD-student, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden. 

2004 - 2008 PhD Student, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2002 - 2004 University lecturer, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

Money Talks: Gendered Electoral Financing in Democratic and Democratizing States.

Ragnhild L. Muriaas (Project leader). Research project financed by FRIHUMSAM, the Research Council of Norway (2016-2020).

 

Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to women’s political representation in Malawi, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia.
Liv Tønnessen (project leader). Research project financed by NORDGLOBAL, the Research Council of Norway (2013-2017).


Labor migration and the moral sustainability of the Norwegian welfare state.

Stein Kuhnle (project leader). Research project funded by VAM, the Research Council of Norway (2013-2017).

Forskergrupper