Skip to content
Norsk A A A
Scientist profile

Håvard Haarstad


Economic Geography, Regional Development and Planning

Development Geography

Department of Geography

Title: Researcher

Phone: +47 55 58 45 81


Visiting address: Fosswinckelsgt. 6

  • Politics of natural resources and energy
  • Relationships between natural resources (particularly oil and gas) and society.
  • Civil society politics in the context of natural resources
  • Scales of natural resource governance
  • Energy transitions and climate change

My main research interest is the relationship between natural resources (particularly oil and gas) and society. How is society shaped by the way we extract resources and what does our dependency on resources mean for political institutions, economic activity and sustainability? What actors and interests are influencing extraction and governance strategies? What are the constraints on managing resources and energy more democratically and sustainably?

I have worked with such questions from different angles, which has led me into debates on globalization, scaling, social movements and organized labor, foreign direct investment, and neoliberalism. Much of my work has been focused on Latin America, particularly Bolivia, looking at how labor unions and social movements have pressed claims for changes in extractive governance, and the state’s negotiation between responding to claims and sustaining the national economic development agenda. Currently I am also exploring empirical projects in Ghana and Norway. 



Philosophiae doctor (PhD), Human Geography, University of Bergen, 2009. 

Master’s degree, Human Geography, University of Bergen, 2005

Research visits

University of Oxford, UK, School of Geography, 2008.

Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, Department of Geography, 2008.

INESAD, La Paz, 2007.

Professional service

Chair, Norwegian Association for Development Research, 2011-2013

Expert reviewer for the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), on governance and natural resource issues, 2012

Board member, Norwegian Association for Development Research, 2009 – 

Board member, Forskerforbundet UiB, 2011 - 2013

Member, Universitetets forskningsutvalg, 2012-

Member, Universitetets valgstyre, 2012-

Member, Program Board, Demokrati og Rettsstat, UiB, 2012-

Deputy member, NorLARnet reference group

Member of University of Bergen’s Latin America committee, 2008 – 2010

Peer reviewer for Political Geography, Regional Studies, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Norwegian Journal of Geography, Forum for Development Studies, Progress in Human Geography. 



Energy Geographies Working Group, Royal Geographical Society

Association of American Geographers, AAG

Norwegian network in Political Geography, Natural Resource cluster (leader)



Publications in Cristin

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Haarstad, H. 2014. Climate change, environmental governance and the scale problem. Geography Compass, 8, No. 2, pp. 87-97.

Haarstad, H. 2014. Cross-scalar dynamics of the resource curse: Constraints on local participation in the Bolivian gas sector. Journal of Development Studies, 50, No. 7, pp. 977-990. 

Oseland, S., Haarstad, H., and Fløysand, A. 2012. Labor agency and the importance of the national scale: Emergent aquaculture unionism in Chile. Political Geography, 31, No. 2, pp. 94-103. 

Haarstad, H. 2012. The architecture of investment climate surveillance.Journal of Critical Globalisation Studies, No. 5, pp. 79-103. 

Graham, M. and Haarstad, H. 2011. Transparency and Development: Ethical Consumption through Web 2.0 and the Internet of Things. Information Technologies and International Development, 7, No. 1, pp. 1-18.

Fløysand, A., Haarstad, H. and Barton, J. 2010. Global-economic imperatives, crisis generation and local spaces of engagement in the Chilean aquaculture industry. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 64, No. 4, pp. 199-210. 

Haarstad, H. 2010. Maneuvering the spaces of globalization: the rearticulation of the Bolivian labor movement. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 64, No. 1, pp. 9-20.

Haarstad, H. and Andersson, V. 2009. Backlash Reconsidered: Neoliberalism and Popular Mobilization in Bolivia. Latin American Politics and Society, 51, No. 4, pp. 1-28.

Drangsland, K.A. and Haarstad, H. 2009. Urban planning and the delimitation of diversity: Roma as “in place” and “out of place” in Jungbusch, Mannheim. International Planning Studies, 14, No. 2, pp. 125-140.

Haarstad, H. 2009. Globalization and the New Spaces for Social Movement Politics: The Marginalization of Labor Unions in Bolivian Gas Nationalization. Globalizations, 6, No. 2, pp. 169-185.

Haarstad, H. 2009. FDI policy and political spaces for labour: the disarticulation of the Bolivian petrolerosGeoforum, 40, No. 2, pp. 239-248.

Holgersen, S and Haarstad, H. 2009. Class, Community and Communicative Planning: Urban Redevelopment at King’s Cross, London.Antipode, 41, No. 2, pp. 348-370.

Haarstad, H and Fløysand, A. 2007. Globalization and the power of rescaled narratives: A case of opposition to mining in Tambogrande, Peru.Political Geography, 26, No. 3, pp. 289-308.

Haarstad, H. 2007. Collective Political Subjectivity and the problem of scale. Contemporary Politics, 13, No. 1, pp. 57-74. 


Books and edited volumes

Haarstad, H. (Editor). 2012. New Political Spaces in Latin American Natural Resource Governance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Haarstad, H., Amen, M. and St.Clair, A (Guest editors). 2012. Social movement governance, the Poor and the New Politics of the Americas. Special issue of Globalizations, 9, No. 6. (Reprinted by Routledge as book, 2014).

Haarstad, H and St. Clair, A. (Guest editors) 2011. Social Policy and Global Poverty: beyond the residual paradigm? Special issue in Global Social Policy, 11, No. 3.


Book chapters 

Bourgouin, F. and Haarstad, H. 2013. From ‘good governance’ to the contextual politics of extractive regime change. In: Nem Singh, J. and Bourgouin, F. (eds) Resource Governance and Developmental States in the Global South: Critical International Political Economy Perspectives.Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 87-106.

Graham, M. and Haarstad, H. 2013. Transparency and Development: Ethical Consumption through Web 2.0 and the Internet of Things. In: Reilly, K. and Smith, M. Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 79-112.

Haarstad, H. 2012. Extracting Justice? Critical themes and challenges in Latin American Natural Resource Governance. In: Haarstad, H. (ed.) New Political Spaces in Latin American Natural Resource Governance. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1-16. 

Haarstad, H. and Campero, C. 2012. Extraction, regional integration, and the enduring problem of local political spaces. In: Haarstad, H. (ed.) New Political Spaces in Latin American Natural Resource Governance. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 83-106. 

Graham, M. and Haarstad, H. 2012. Global Production Patterns. In: Stoltman, J (ed.) 21st Century Geography: A Reference Handbook. Sage, London, pp. 411-421.

Fløysand, A and Haarstad, H. 2008. Foreign direct investments in development strategies: Norwegian FDI and the tendency for agglomeration. In: Tamásy, C and Taylor, M. Globalising Worlds and New Economic Configurations. Ashgate, London, pp. 47-56. 


Reports and journal articles

Haarstad, H., Amen, M. and St.Clair, A. 2012. Introduction: Social movement governance, the Poor and the New Politics of the Americas. Globalizations, 8, No. 6, pp. 741-752.

Haarstad, H., Amen, M. and St.Clair, A. 2012. Conclusion. Globalizations, 8, No. 6, 887-894. 

Haarstad, H and St.Clair, A. 2011. Social policy and global poverty: Beyond the residual paradigm? [Introduction to special issue] Global Social Policy, 11, No. 3, pp. 214-219.

Haarstad, H. 2011. Latin American middle classes and political mobilization for universal welfare. Global Social Policy, Forum contribution, 11, No. 3, pp. 229-232. 

Haarstad, H. and Campero, C. 2011. La participación en el sector de hidrocarburos en Bolivia: El "doble discurso" y las limitaciones sobre la gobernanza participativa. URBECO-report 3/11. Bergen: Center for Urban Ecology.

Haarstad, H. and Campero, C. 2011. Participation in the Bolivian hydrocarbons sector: The "double discourse" and limitations on participatory governance. URBECO-report 4/11. Bergen: Center for Urban Ecology.

Haarstad, H. 2011. Book review – Rethinking foreign investment for sustainable development: Lessons from Latin America. Gallagher, K. and Chudnovsky, D. (eds). London: Anthem Press, 2009. Progress in Development Studies, 11, No. 2, pp. 166-168.  

Haarstad, H. 2009. Globalización, narrativas y redes: conflictos sobre la actividad minera en Tambogrande, Piura. Espacio y Desarollo, No. 20, pp. 87-108.
Agafonow, A. and Haarstad, H. 2009. El socialismo del siglo XXI. Una alternativa factible? Revista de Economía Institucional 11, No. 20, pp. 287-307.

Andersson, V. and Haarstad, H. 2009. Citizenship and State-building in Contemporary Bolivia: Politization of Cultural Identity. GDS Research Series, Working Paper no. 2. Global Development Studies, Aalborg University.

Haarstad, H. 2008. The New Left in South America. Forum for development studies, 2, pp. 371-376. (Book review of Kozloff, Nikolas, Revolution! South America and the Rise of the New Left, 2008)

Haarstad, H. 2008. Book review – J.K. Gibson-Graham, The End of Capitalism (As We Knew It) and A Post-Capitalist Politics, 2006. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 62, No. 1, pp. 47.

Haarstad, H. 2007. Kulturelitisme og venstresidens selvransakelse.Replikk: tidsskrift for human- og samfunnsvitenskap (24), pp. 12-17.

Haarstad, H og Lundberg, A. 2006. Fitjarøyane – erfaringer etter 15 år med lokal forvaltning. Geografi i Bergen, nr. 275. 

Fløysand, A, Haarstad, H., Jakobsen, S-E, Tønnesen, A. 2005. Foreign Direct Investment, Regional Change and Poverty: Identifying Norwegian controlled FDI in developing countries. Report 4/05. Institute for Research in Economics and Business Administration, Bergen, Norway.




Haarstad, H. 2013. Den siste månelandingen. [kronikk] Bergens Tidende, 25. september. 

Haarstad, H. 2013. Ressursenes forbannelse. NRK P2, Ekko. 19. juni. 

Haarstad, H. 2012. Discussion of the special issue: Social movements.Podcast, Globalizations journal website, Taylor & Francis.

Lawson, V., St.Clair, A. and Haarstad, H. 2010. Middelklassen og fattigdomspolitikk. Bistandsaktuelt Debatt,, 23. juni.  

Haarstad, H. 2008. Latin-Amerikas omstridte ’revolusjon’ [kronikk].Bergens Tidende. 15. september.

Haarstad, H. 2007. Folk flest? [kronikk]. Dagbladet. 11.november. 


  • GEO206: Qualitative analysis
  • GEO221: Globalisation and the development of place
  • GEO292: Regionalgeografisk feltkurs
  • GEO324: Firm strategies, governance and regional development



Energy transition from above or below? Structures, governance and strategies in Norway and Europe (Akademiaavtalen, UiB), Lead investigator, 2014-2018

Developing compatible energy and climate strategies (WUN), Lead investigator, 2014

The world faces a critical dilemma: there is a growing demand for energy, but the dominant ways of producing energy is contributing significantly to anthropogenic climate change. This project assesses the constraints on the policies and initiatives that seek to overcome this dilemma in different parts of the world. It will explore the politics of devising ‘compatible climate and energy strategies’ through a series of case studies from the global North and South. Financed by the World Universities Network. 

Negotiating New Political Spaces: claims for redistribution and recognition in Chile and Bolivia

The project looks at how structural changes in societies influence the ability of civil society actors to press their claims effectively. An important context of the project is the economic globalization that Latin American countries have been embedded in the past two or three decades, the recent shift to the left in the region's electoral politics, and the natural resource base of Latin American economies. Haarstad's work for the project focuses in particular on the case of Bolivia, and the governance of Bolivia's natural gas resources. Financed by the Research Council of Norway.

The Spatial Embeddedness of FDI

Haarstad's PhD project was part of a broader project called The Spatial Embeddedness of Foreign Direct Investment, financed by the Research Council of Norway. The purpose of this project has been to investigate the complex dynamics between FDI and development, focusing in particular on power, social networks and capital. For more information about the project, see the project website