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Scientist profile

Henrik Glenner


Department of Biology

Marine biodiversity

Title: Professor

Phone: +47 55 58 45 26

Cellphone: +47 458 64 647 SMS


Visiting address: Thormøhlensgt. 53 A/B

My field of research concerns the crustaceans and can be divided in 3 major points:

1)   Lifecycle studies of barnacles and related crustacean groups have constituted a major part of my research activities. These animals are unique among crustaceans since they all, without exceptions, alternates between a free-living larva stage and an irreversible attached adult and detailed lifecycle studies have proved essential in attempting to understand their morphology, ecology and evolution. 

2)   Invasive species present an increasing threat to the marine environment in Norway and other places. Knowledge about the mechanisms enabling exotic marine species to invade new areas and the possible ways to prevent them from happening is an important field of marine research. In the recent years I have been studying the population dynamic and genetics of two invasive marine crab species and their most prominent parasite, a parasitic barnacle or rhizocephalan, which as adult castrates their crab hosts. The data from the study of these model systems will be used to evaluate if it is possible to control biological invasions in marine systems by the use of parasites. 

3)   Solid information about the phylogenetic relationships between living organisms is crucial in order to address relevant and correct biological questions. I am, therefore, interested in how to construct the most reliable phylogeny by the use of data from diverse data like dna, fossils and morphological and geographical sources.  My major phylogentic interest concerns the parasitic barnacles, Rhizocephala, but I am also occupied with other phylogenetic issues, especially within crustaceans. 

As it appears from the text above the type of science I am conducting depends on methods and expertise from many areas of biological research. So despite that I, as a starting point, address questions originating in the classical morphology of marine organisms, the answers I look for rely totally on a multidisciplinary approach.  



Publications in Cristin


Publication list (last 5 years):

       Glenner H; Winther M; Hansen A; Huelsenbeck JP; Ronquist F; Willerslev; E (2005). Bayesian inference of the Metazoan evolution based on combined morphological and molecular data. Curr. Biol. 14, 1644-1649.

       Glenner H; Winther M; Hansen A; Huelsenbeck JP; Ronquist F; Willerslev E (2005). Bayesian inference of the metazoan phylogeny: A combined molecular and morphological approach (vol 12, pg 1828, 2004). Curr. Biol. 15: 392-393.

      Høeg J; Glenner H; Shields JD (2005). Cirripedia Thoracica and Rhizocephala (barnacles), in: Rohde, K. (Ed.). Marine parasitology: 154-165.

       Bussarawit S;  Gravlund P;  Glenner H; Rasmussen AR  (2006). Phylogenetic analysis of oysters (Family Ostreidae) based on morphological and molecular data. PMBC Res. Bull. 6: 1 - 9.

       Stenderup JT; Olesen J; Glenner H. (2006). Molecular phylogeny of the Branchiopoda (Crustacea) - multiple approaches suggest a 'diplostracan' ancestry of the Notostraca. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 41 (1), 182-194.

       Glenner H; Hebsgaard MB (2006). Phylogeny and Evolution of Life History Strategies of the Parasitic Barnacles (Crustacea, Cirripedia, Rhizocephala). Mol. Phyl. Evol. 41, 528-538.

       Glenner H; Thomsen PF; Hebsgaard MB; Sørensen MV; Willerslev E (2006). Origin of Insects. Science. 314:  1883 – 1884.

      Hebsgaard MB; Wiuf C; Gilbert MTP; Glenner H; Willerslev E (2007). Evaluating Neandertal Genetics and Phylogeny. J. Mol. Evol. 64 (1), 50-60.

      Møller, O.S., Olesen J., Avenant-Oldewage, A., Thompsen, P. F., and Glenner, H. (2008). First maxillae suction disc in Branchiura (Crustacea): development and evolution in the light of the first molecular phylogeny of Brachiura, Pentastomida, and other “Maxillopoda”. Arthropod Structure & Development. 37, 333 - 346.

       Glenner H; Grygier MJ; Fujita Y; Høeg JT. (2008). Induced metamorphosis in the crustacean y-larvae. BMC Biology. 6:21.

      Sørensen MV; Heiner I; Hebsgaard MB; Glenner H; Kristensen RM; Willerslev E (2008). New Data from an Enigmatic Phylum: Evidence from 18S rRNA sequences supports sister group relationship between Loricifera and Nematomorpha. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 46 (3), 231-239.

       Glenner, H., J.T. Hoeg, A.V. Rybakov, Thomsen P.,F., and B. Galil. (2008). The phylogenetic position of the parasitic barnacle Heterosaccus dollfusi; a Lessepsian migrant species now spreading in eastern Mediterranean waters (Cirripedia: Rhizocephala; Sacculinidae). Israel Journal of Zoology. 54 (2), 223-238.

      Lörz AN, Glenner H, Lützen J. (2008). First Records of Rhizocephalans from New Zealand, including first rhizocephalan records from hot vents and cold seeps. Crustaceana. 81 (8), 1013-1019.

      Lützen J; Glenner H; Lörz AN. (2009). Parasitic banacles (Cirripedia: Rhizocephala) from New Zealand off shore waters. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43, 613–621.

      Høeg, JT;  M pérez-losada; H Glenner; GA Kolbasov and KA Crandall. (2009). Evolution of morphology, ontogeny and life cycles within the Crustacea Thecostraca. - Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, 67 (2): 199-217.

      Steeman EM; MB Hebsgaard; RE fordyce; SYW Ho; DLL Rabosky; R Nielsen; C Rahbek; H Glenner; MV Sørensen and E Willerslev. (2009). Radiation of Extant Cetaceans Driven by Restructuring of the Oceans. Syst. Biol. 58(6): 573–585.

      Glenner, H; Høeg JT; Stenderup JT.,  and Rybakov, AV. (2010). The monophyletic origin of a remarkable sexual system in akentrogonid rhizocephalan parasites: A molecular and larval structural study.Experimental Parasitology. 125(1); 3-12. 

        Christensen B., and Glenner, H. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) indicates separate invasions of the terrestrial environment. ournal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 48 (3): 208-212.

        Zetlmeisl C, Hermann J, Petney T, Glenner H, Griffiths C, Taraschewsi H. (2010). Parasites of the shore crab Carcinus maenas (l.): implications for reproductive potential and invasion success. Parasitology firstview: 1-8. (doi: 10.1017/S0031182010001344)


Ongoing larger projects:

1) 'Norwegian Cumacea' financed by the Norwegian Science Academy  and The Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre

For more information contact: Kenneth Meland: or


2) 'The Green crab in the danish inlet: Limfjorden. A large scale, home range study on a prominent marine invasive species and its native enemies'

For additional information: 


3) 'Co-evolution in King Crabs and their rhizocephalan parasite Briarosaccus callosus'

More information about this and connected projects contact: Christoph Noever;

The project is financed by the University of Bergen and the Meltzer foundation