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Eivind Hammersmark (UiO): Ethnic diversity, elections and violent conflict in Africa.AbstractI investigate subnational ethnic diversity and conflict in Africa

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Velkommen til forskningsseminar med stipendiat Eivind Hammersmark fra UiO.


Tittel: Ethnic diversity, elections and violent conflict in Africa.AbstractI investigate subnational ethnic diversity and conflict in Africa.

Abstract:

Previous research has either focused on ethnic diversity at the country level, or on ethnic power relations within countries. I find that local ethnic fractionalization (ELF) is positively correlated with severe conflict events, but not at the country level. Conditional on ELF, local mixing within $55 \times 55$ km cells reduces conflict in a larger vicinity, providing evidence of ``local learning'', in favor of contact theory. ELF is relevant irrespective of linguistic distance between groups, whereas learning only occurs between groups that are linguistically similar. Finally, I use the temporal proximity to presidential elections to get exogenous variation in ethnic salience, and find that there are more conflicts close to elections, but only in fractionalized areas.