Is Brazil heading towards River Basin and Integrated Coastal Zone Management?
CET is happy to announce the upcoming seminar with Professor Stella Emery Santana from Robert H. McKinney School of Law, at IUPUI on Wednesday the 13th of March, 12.15 - 13:00.
The main goal of this presentation is to explain the path to land/ocean zoning in Brazil as a tool of spatial planning in an integrated river basin and coastal zone management plan. International plans and programs will be presented to establish the guidelines that were positive in these experiences that would support Brazil in a more integrated policy. Then it will be presented the Brazilian legal framework that is applied to river basin and coastal zone, explaining first that it is legally predicted to start an integrated river basin and coastal zone management, within an ecosystem approach. It will be also shown that there is a gap in national policies of how to do it, which it is a major barrier to implement any experience on this matter. Brazilian legal framework shows that it is possible to develop one specific tool of this planning, which is called zoning. National Environmental Policy shows that environmental zoning is legally established as an instrument to protect and preserve the environment in Brazil.
About Stella Emery Santana:
I started teaching Environmental Law in Brazil in 2002, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. After graduating a 5 year Law School in Brazil, my Masters in Law and Economics discussed the importance of a sustainable agriculture in international trade through the generation of measures by the World Trade Organization. International and Environmental Law have always been my passion and after 5 years living in Rio de Janeiro, I decided to move back to my home state in Brazil, Espirito Santo. When I moved back, I started to work at the Law School of Centro Universitario Faesa, a private university in the capital of the state, in the city of Vitoria. As a coastal state, the relation between activities done by the coast and in the ocean have always driven my studies back to this area. After 3 years trying to understand why Brazilian legal framework for river basins didn’t connect this system to the ocean and coast, I started my PhD at the School of Oceanography at the Federal University of Espirito Santo, in my home state, working with integrated river basin and coastal zone management.
In 2013 I presented my defense on this issue and was the first practicing attorney in Brazil to have an Environmental Oceanography PhD degree. In 2015 I was appointed by my state bar for the special commission on the Rio Doce Mining Disaster and in 2016 I was hired by Espirito Santo Environmental Secretary to work as a special advisor for the same mining problem that happened in Minas Gerais state in 2015 and reached our state rivers and ocean.Since then I have been researching the relation between coastal activities and how can we develop a legal framework for this area. In 2017 I started a 2 year position Visiting Professor of Law position at Robert H. McKinney School of Law, at IUPUI, in the city of Indianapolis, IN. I have been doing research on Ocean Law and Water Law. In the summer 2019 I return to Brazil to my regular activities at FAESA