Level of Study
Place of Instruction
Lab.building, BB-building & Haukeland University Hospital.
Objectives and Content
The course covers an overview of the challenges of vaccination, immunological basis of vaccination, clinical evaluation of vaccines, specific examples of vaccines and challenges for future vaccines (including emerging pathogens, TB and HIV).
On completion of the course: The students should have knowledge of:
how vaccines work including immunologically and epidemiologically
the different types of vaccines and guidelines for current vaccination practices
understand the historical background of the most important vaccines.
the rules and regulations for testing new vaccines and key developmental stages such as pre-clinical and clinical (Phase I-IV) vaccine trials
understand the challenges in the development of new vaccines
The students should have developed skills to be able to
critically discuss the advantages and disadvantages of current vaccines
explain the challenges in development, clinical testing and approval of new vaccines
discuss key literature in vaccinology
The students should have developed general competence and be able to
comprehend the background for the use of current vaccines and reflect upon the challenges and opportunities of new vaccine strategies
know the ethics surrounding the use of vaccines and be able to weigh the benefits (e.g. protection) against the potential disadvantages (side effects) of vaccination.
critically assess vaccination programmes, including long-term population effects and the importance of vaccination coverage.
Required Previous Knowledge
Minimum of a B.Sc. in a relevant subject is generally a prerequisite for enrolment on the course
Teaching Methods and Extent of Organized Teaching
Combination of lectures and presentations of specific vaccines by students attending the course
Lectures (10 lectures, each of which is 2 hours long)
Summary and discussion session (1 session - 2 hours long)
Compulsory Assignments and Attendance
All lectures are obligatory,
Forms of Assessment
Written exam (3 hours) when there are 15 or more students.
Students will present two lectures on vaccines of their choice and write a summary of the vaccine followed by an oral examination.
Pass / Failed.
The syllabus will be covered by lectures and text book:
Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
The Pink Book: Course Textbook - 13th Edition (2015)