International Climate Law
Level of Study
Place of Instruction
Faculty of Law, UiB
Objectives and Content
This course deals with the law and policy designed to mitigate climate change. The world is in a profound climate transformation and legislators worldwide seek different avenues to address this pressing issue while finding a balance between protecting nature and ensuring economic development.
In such a light and perhaps our generation¿s most important challenge, the course aims to give the student knowledge and understanding of the regulation and implementation of climate regulation and its implications for our society in international law, European law and some important national jurisdictions. Our class will sit at the intersection of several legal disciplines. International and European climate law will be combined with international trade law, sustainability and public international rules, to give the student a complete overview of this most important topic.
The course provides insight into basic principles for resource governance, sustainability and the relationship between public interests and business interests and the use of modern market instruments in climate governance.
The course¿ guiding question will be how regulation plays a role to create incentives and frameworks that deal with climate change and question whether the rules in place are well-designed and are sufficient to teach such aim.
Our course will first discuss the causes and effects of climate change and bring about an introduction behind the regulatory and policy schemes to control and limit it. This will be couple with a discussion of relevant principles of public international, environmental and sustainability law.
Of special importance to this class will be the role played by the leading international treaty on climate change: the Paris Agreement. The study of international rules will be combined with a through discussion of the EU and EEA initiatives: The EU Climate Change Law, the EU Green Deal, the "Fit for 55" 2021 Package, the EU Taxonomy, and Norwegian Climate Change instruments and policy.
Central to our course will be the way that carbon markets are organized, studying examples based on quota and taxation systems. Examples that will be discussed in class will be EU Emission trading system (EU-ETS), green certificate (Norway and Sweden), certificate of origins, etc. We will also study alternatives and jurisdictions in which climate change measures are not based on carbon/greenhouse markets, such as Australia.
Finally, climate change litigation and the role of courts in reviewing governmental policies, laws and the conduct of companies will also be studied.
The course will give the students a thorough understanding of the governance climate change and the interplay between climate regulation, economics and legal frameworks. Principles on environmental, public international and climate change law will be discussed. Students will learn the different regulatory and policy options available for governments and even private players to deal with climate change implications and seek to mitigate it.
In the course we will focus more specifically in:
- Causes and effects of climate change
- Regulatory avenues to deal with climate change
- Relation to different legal disciplines: public international law, environmental law, energy law, corporate law
- International, European and national rules to tackle climate change
- Carbon markets and their functioning
- Financial regulation addressed to foster climate change-friendly investment
- Climate change litigation
Upon completion of the course, the student should be able to
- Explain the objectives, principles and development of climate law and policy from an international and European perspective
- Describe the principles and systems used to address climate change consequences
- Reflect on the complexity of climate change regulation as an area in the intersection of many legal disciplines and societal goals and values
- Apply legal principles and regulations in problem-solving in climate law on an international and national level
- Clarify the system for emissions trading in various jurisdictions, including the EU
- Discuss critically the role of courts when dealing with climate change litigation
The course will strengthen the student¿s understanding of different systems for governance and especially the use of market systems for influencing the behavior of legal actors
Required Previous Knowledge
Three years of university studies
Good level of English
Recommended Previous Knowledge
Three years of law studies
Credit Reduction due to Course Overlap
Combined with JUS271-2-C this course will generate no new credits
Access to the Course
The course is available for the following students:
- Admitted to the integrated master programme in law
- Admitted to the two-year master programme in law
- Granted admission to elective courses at the Faculty of Law
- Granted additional right to study following completed master degree in law at UiB
- Exchange students at the Faculty of Law
Note: The pre-requirements may still limit certain students' access to the course
Teaching and learning methods
Lectures and workshops
Compulsory Assignments and Attendance
Forms of Assessment
The exam consists of two parts, each contributing 50 % to the final mark:
Home exam: during the course the students shall write a paper of maximum 2000 words on a subject provided by the course supervisor.
School exam: Four-hour digital examination.www.uib.no/en/education/87471/digital-examination
Question paper: English
Answer paper: English
Examination Support Material
Support materials allowed during school exam
See section 3-5 of the Supplementary Regulations for Studies at the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen.
Special regulations about dictionaries
- According to the Regulations for Studies, one dictionary is permitted support material during the examination. Bilingual dictionaries containing for example both Norwegian-English and English-Norwegian are considered as one dictionary.
- Bilingual dictionaries to/from the same two languages - for example Norwegian-English/English-Norwegian - in two different volumes are also considered as one dictionary (irrespective of publisher or edition).
- Dictionaries as described above cannot be combined with any other types of dictionaries.
- Any kind of combination which makes up more than two physical volumes is forbidden.
- In case a student has a special need for any other combination than the above mentioned, such combination has to be clarified with/approved by the course coordinator minimum two weeks before the exam. Students who have not been granted permission to have a special combination minimum two weeks before the exam will be subject to the usual regulations (section 3-5) about examination support materials.
Spring. Exam only in semesters with teaching.
Resit of school exam in next semester only when home exam is passed.
Will be available by 1. December for the spring semester and 1. July for the autumn semester
According to administrative arrangements for evaluating courses at the Faculty of Law.
Studieutvalget ved Det juridiske fakultet
Associate Professor Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui
Studieseksjonen ved Det juridiske fakultet