Postgraduate course

Alternative Dispute Settlements

ECTS Credits

20 ECTS Credits

Level of Study



Full time

Teaching semester


Place of Instruction

Bergen Law Faculty

Objectives and Content

This course provides an introduction to the basic foundations, guiding principles and key elements of arbitration. The course will include a brief history of arbitration, an overview of its significant features, and its role in the broader context of dispute resolution. Special attention will be given the new law of arbitration in Norway and to reginal, national and international arbitration agreements. Several international treaties will be examined such as WTO (World Trade Organization), ICC (International Chamber of Commerce), WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) and other international documnets will be examined if there is sufficient time.

Learning Outcomes

  • Understand arbitration as an ADR option
  • Understand the history, law and practise of arbitration
  • Compare arbitration to to mediation and litigation
  • Become familiar with arbitration clauses found in business contracts
  • Examine arbitration treaties, statutes and cases
  • Understand the relationships between arbitration and the courts
  • Learn the importance of arbitration in international transactions
  • Learn how to prepare for an arbitration hearing
  • Understand the various stages and steps

Required Previous Knowledge

Two years of Law studies.

Recommended Previous Knowledge

None beyond the prerequisites

Access to the Course

The course is available for the following students:

  • Admitted to the integrated master programme in law
  • Admitted to the two-year master programme in law
  • Granted admission to elective courses at the Faculty of Law
  • Granted additional right to study following completed master degree in law at UiB
  • Exchange students at the Faculty of Law

The pre-requirements may still limit certain students' access to the course

Teaching Methods and Extent of Organized Teaching

Attendance is expected, lectures, discussions, problems and simulations:

  • Introduction - Approaches to Dispute Resolution and comparison of litigation to the Arbitration Process
  • Forms of Arbitration, Basic concepts, Applicable Laws (national and international) and Arbitration Agreement
  • Arbitration Agreements continued, Arbitration Rights and Responsibilities and Process and Jurisdiction of Arbitration Tribunals
  • Arbitration Proceedings, Focal Points of the Arbitration Process
  • Arbitration Awards, Enforcement, Judicial Control, Domestic and Foreign Awards, Public Policy, Partial and Standard of Revenue
  • International Commercial Arbitration and International Arbitration Options
  • International Arbitration options continued
  • International Investment Treaties, WTO, NAFTA, ASEAN, European Union, UNICITRAL, ICSID
  • International Investment Treaties continued, Arbitration misconduct, Conflict of Interest and Ethics
  • Summary Conclusion and Review

Compulsory Assignments and Attendance


Forms of Assessment

Semester with teaching:

  • A paper of 1800 words maximum. Each paper topic is open but has to be approved by the course teacher.
  • A final four hour digital examination consisting of two or more essay questions.

 The paper will count for 25% of the grade, and the exam 75%.

Semester without teaching:

A four hour digital school exam

A - E for passed, F for failed. 

Exam language:

- Question paper: English

- Answer paper: English

Examination Support Material

Support materials allowed during school exam:

See section 3-5 of the Supplementary Regulations for Studies at the Faculty of Law at the University of Bergen.

Special regulations about dictionaries:

  • According to the Regulations for Studies, one dictionary is permitted support material during the examination. Bilingual dictionaries containing for example both Norwegian-English and English-Norwegian are considered as one dictionary.
  • Bilingual dictionaries to/from the same two languages - for example Norwegian-English/English-Norwegian - in two different volumes are also considered as one dictionary (irrespective of publisher or edition).
  • Dictionaries as described above cannot be combined with any other types of dictionaries.
  • Any kind of combination which makes up more than two physical volumes is forbidden.
  • In case a student has a special need for any other combination than the above mentioned, such combination has to be clarified with/approved by the course coordinator minimum two weeks before the exam. Students who have not been granted permission to have a special combination minimum two weeks before the exam will be subject to the usual regulations (Section 3-5) about examination support materials.

Grading Scale

A - E for passed, F for failed.

Subject Overlap

No academic overlapping with courses at the Law Faculty in Bergen.

Course Evaluation

According to administrative arrangements for evaluating courses at the Law Faculty.

Course Coordinator

Professor II Larry Bakken.


Contact Information

Course teacher: Professor II Larry Bakken

Administrative contact: elective-courses@jurfa.uib.no

Exam information

  • For written exams, please note that the start time may change from 09:00 to 15:00 or vice versa until 14 days prior to the exam. The exam location will be published 14 days prior to the exam.

  • Type of assessment: Written examination

    07.12.2018, 09:00
    4 hours
    Withdrawal deadline
    Examination system
    Digital exam