General Pathology and Immunology
Objectives and Content
The subject includes the study of disease processes in general, how they manifest in the organs, the structure, function and reaction mechanisms of the immune system, how a reduced immune response results in reduced protection against infections and can lead to tumour development and autoimmune disease, how immunological overreaction causes hypersensitivity (allergy), and how diseases can be diagnosed using common pathological methods. The immunology part emphasises basic principles, using examples from diseases and clinical symptoms that are relevant to dentists.
The candidate should be able to explain:
- the basic biological/immunological mechanisms behind the development of disease
- the importance of the immune system to the body¿s defence against infection and consequences of immune failure and immunological overreaction
- diagnostic methods in pathology and immunology and be able to apply them to relevant organs and tissues in the body
- the basic morphological features (macroscopic and microscopic) of relevant disease processes
The candidate should be able to:
- identify pathological changes in an organ
- use a microscope in immunological examinations
The candidate shall:
- develop respect for the human body
- develop respect for patients¿ diseases
- understand the importance of the duty of confidentiality regarding the patient¿s anamnesis
- view the oral cavity as part of the body
develop curiosity about mechanisms behind the development of disease
Teaching Methods and Extent of Organized Teaching
Tuition includes lectures, demonstrations and a microscopy course as well as a laboratory course in immunology for which a record must be submitted for approval by the subject teacher.
Learning materials will be made available on the student portal. Two-way communication between teacher and students will take place via the student portal.
Forms of Assessment
The students are given the opportunity to submit a home assignment to be approved by the subject teacher, with feedback to the students.
The subject is concluded with a four-hour written exam in the fourth semester.
Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 (corona virus) the scale of pass/fail will be utilized in the written exam in the spring semester of 2021.