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Postgraduate course


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Teaching semester

4th semester

Objectives and Content

The students will learn how X-rays are created, their effects and how X-rays are used for imaging teeth, supporting tissues, jaws and other facial structures and learn how to interpret them.

Learning Outcomes

The students will learn about the physiology of X-rays, radiation biology and radiation hygiene, radiographic devices, digital imaging- and examination techniques, normal and abnormal anatomy, radiographic indications and reliability, and application of radiographic diagnosis in general dental practice.KnowledgeThe students will be able to explain:

  • various types of electromagnetic radiation, properties and characteristics
  • the structure and function of the X-ray apparatus
  • X-ray interactions and their biological effects
  • measurement of X-rays and radiation doses
  • radiation hygiene measures and radiation damage
  • indications for radiology
  • radiographic films, amplification screens and cassettes
  • darkroom work
  • sensors for digital imaging
  • investigation techniques
  • diagnosis of normal anatomy and pathology in radiology
  • artifacts and diagnostic reliability

SkillsThe students shall be able to:

  • select proper setting and conduct investigations of patients with intraoral films, direct and indirect sensors, plus extra-oral films and panoramic shooting
  • interpret the images with respect to quality and decide which pictures that are to be used or supplemented if needed
  • perform a simple examination with contrast fistulography
  • identify normal anatomic structures in the jaws, joints and adjacent areas
  • identifying dental materials radiographically
  • diagnosis of certain specified diseases and disorders of teeth, supporting tissue, jaws and adjacent areas

General competenceStudents should show responsibility and care for patients and be aware not to expose the patients to more radiation than necessary.

Teaching Methods and Extent of Organized Teaching

The course begins with a series of lectures in parallel with clinical seminars.

Compulsory Assignments and Attendance

Mandatory work in the clinic must be approved before the student can take the exam.

Forms of Assessment

3 hours written exam

Grading Scale


Course Evaluation

Written evaluation on My Space/Mi side.


Department of clinical dentistry

Exam information

  • For written exams, please note that the start time may change from 09:00 to 15:00 or vice versa until 14 days prior to the exam.

  • Type of assessment: Written examination

    15.12.2021, 15:00
    3 hours
    Withdrawal deadline
    Examination system
    Digital exam