Level of Study
Place of Instruction
Online course, and therefore not restricted to Bergen.
Objectives and Content
Whereas throughout history states have undertaken efforts to protect minorities, it has been the Western liberal tradition to demand that equality be bequeathed to all individual citizens, no matter the religious, social, ethnic, or other groups these were affiliated to. In other words, in multicultural political units, all are supposed to be treated in an equal manner. At the same time, the Western liberal tradition has tended to focus on the state, often identified with a single national culture, as the preferred politico-cultural unity. Moreover, since the Second World War, Western liberals have increasingly become weary of bestowing particular rights on groups rather than individuals.
Western liberalism is a political ideology that is influential far beyond European and North American borders. This course explores these emphases and preferences of modern Western liberalism, their varieties and political expressions, and the ways in which they affect ethnic and national minorities.
The student shall by the end of the course have gained the following learning outcome defined in knowledge, skills, and general competence:
- has thorough knowledge of the most important elements of the development of the Western liberal tradition in regard to multiculturalism over the last two centuries
- can analyze the main debates within the Western liberal tradition about the extent in which national or ethnic minorities need support and protection as groups
- can engage in critical discussion and peer review
- can cooperate with peers on a joint presentation demonstrating a critical understanding of the main issues surrounding multiculturalism
- can use the relevant theories about multiculturalism to do an independent study
- can analyze the various research and ethical problems surrounding religious minorities in relation to different liberal notions of minority rights in modern Western states
- can communicate critically about the position of national and ethnic minorities in modern Western democracies in an independent research essay, using the academic terminology of the research field
- can make balanced and informed judgments about particular circumstances of conflict related to minorities in a multicultural state
Required Previous Knowledge
Recommended Previous Knowledge
The course literature is in English. Students should therefore have a sound knowledge of English.
Credit Reduction due to Course Overlap
Access to the Course
Admission to the Master¿s Programme Religious Minorities.
Teaching and learning methods
The teaching and student activities in this course will entirely take place online.
- short introductory videos.
- following each video/reading there will be a short quiz, that tests the students basic understanding of the video/reading
- individual feedback on discussion postings and essays from the instructor
- participation in online discussions
Compulsory Assignments and Attendance
In this course the following compulsory requirements have to be approved in order to sit for the examination:
- Course quizzes following videos and/or texts. There will be between 1 and 5 quizzes per week. The quizzes will test the students¿ command of the prescribed course material, and successful completion of at least 70% online course questions in course quizzes is required.
- A minimum of one discussion posting (minimum 100 words) that answers one of more questions as well as a minimum of two responses (of each minimum 50 words) to postings by other students.
- At least four useful comments on the essays 1 and 2 of other students (peer-reviewed assignments)
Compulsory requirements are evaluated with "approved/not approved."
Forms of Assessment
The examination consists of two assessments:
- Joint digital presentation of two or three students, in which each student is responsible for 10 minutes of the presentation. The grade will be based on the individual contribution (40% of the total grade).
- essay (2000 words) 60% of the total grade.
Both parts of the assessment must be passed in order to pass the examination.
The examination will be given a total grade.
A graded marking scale (A to F) is used. A is the top grade and F means Failed.
The course is normally assessed in the teaching semester only.
The reading list consists of approximately 500 pages.
The reading list is published by June 1st. for the autumn semester and by December 1st. for the spring semester.
The course unit will be evaluated regularly.
The Programme Committee for The Study of Religion
The Programme Committee for The Study of Religions, Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies- and Religions (AHKR)
Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies- and Religion (AHKR)
Type of assessment: Presentation and essay
- Withdrawal deadline
Exam part: Presentation
Exam part: Essay
- Submission deadline
- 07.12.2022, 13:00
- Examination system
- Digital exam