Non-ionizing radiation does not have enough energy to harm the hereditary material in cells, but produces heat.
Non-ionising radiation is radiation with an energy below 12.6 eV, and this radiation does not have enough energy to break chemical bonds in biological materials.
Non-ionising radiation is divided into two main areas - optical radiation and electromagnetic fields. Optical radiation covers infrared radiation, visible light, blue light and ultraviolet radiation. Electromagnetic fields covers static fields up to radio frequency fields (radio waves), including radio transmitters, mobile phones, microwave ovens, computer screens and fields from power lines.
The health hazards of working with artificial optical radiation and electromagnetic fields must be risk assessed prior to starting work.
Optical radiation has a short range in biological tissue, and the main effect is thermal heating of the tissue. Health damage to the skin and damage to the cornea can occur. Especially when working with laser sources and with a lot of blue light (used for hardening dental materials in fillings), precautionary measures must be taken. Eye protection suitable for laser and blue light is an important measure to prevent this, and the requirement in the regulation is that safety glasses must be constructed and designed to prevent acute or chronic effects of non-ionising radiation to the eyes.
Non-ionizing radiation are divided into the following areas:
Ultra violet radiation (UV)
Infrared radiation (IR)
1 000 000 nm (1 mm)
(430 THz- 300 GHz)
Radiation in micro-wave band
300 GHz- 300 MHz
Radiation in the radio frequency band
300 MHz- 30 kHz
Low frequent electromagnetic radiation
300 kHz-300 Hz
Extremely low frequent electromagnetic radiation
3 kHz-3 Hz
(100-100 000 000 km)
(>100 000 000 km)
Non-ionizing radiation also includes radiation from lasers.
Exposure limits for 50 Hz electric and magnetic fields
Table 1. Summary of exposure limits for 50 Hz electric and magnetic fields
The population in general
*The investigation level is not a limit value (the limit value is 200 µT), but is established because the authorities desire to take into account the scientific uncertainty that still exists in this area.