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Chemicals and safety labelling

Chemicals are labelled with H-statements and hazard pictograms that describe the characteristic properties of the chemicals.

CLP regulations came into effect in 2012. CLP represents classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures. The introduction of CLP is based on a global brand system and leads to a common set of rules in all EEA countries.

 

H -and P-statements

Introduction of CLP implies that R- and S-statements to be replaced with H- and P-statements. Hazard statements (H-statements) describe the nature (e.g. flammable) of the risks of a substance or a mixture, where the degree of risk (e.g. highly flammable) is relevant.
Precautionary statements (P-statements) offer advice on how hazards of substances and mixtures can be prevented or reduced.


The table below provides an overview of classification of hazard and safety statements in CLP:

Code

Hazard statements

Code

Safety statements

H200-H299

Physical hazard

P100

General

H300-H399

Health hazard

P200

Preventive

H400-H499

Environmental hazard

P300

First aid

 

 

P400

Storage

 

 

P500

Waste

 

Hazard pictograms

Today's black symbols on an orange background are replaced in CLP by black symbols on a white background with a red frame.
It introduced three new hazard pictograms including two for health hazards and one for gas containers. Skulls are only used for acute health problems in CLP and a new hazard pictogram for chronic health hazards is introduced.