The HSE-gateway

Safety data sheet and exposure scenario

A safety data sheet contains information about a material and its inherent properties.

Main content


Through safety data sheets SDS users will find the information required to work properly without being exposed to health hazards. SDS also ensures correct storage and waste management of chemicals.

The supplier is required through the REACH regulation, to deliver SDS to users, exceptions apply to among others medical products and radioactive chemicals. The supplier is responsible for updating the SDS if new information is available regarding the material. The employer must ensure that SDS is available and that the users understand the contents. Everyone using the material has a duty to read the SDS before starting work.

SDS contains 16 points: The properties of the material and measures.

  1. Product information
  2. Identification of hazards/pictograms/sentences for exposure register
  3. Composition/information regarding ingredients
  4. First aid measures
  5. Fire fighting measures
  6. Accidental release measures
  7. Handling and storage
  8. Exposure control/precautions and safety measures
  9. Physical and chemical properties
  10. Stability/reactivity/incompatibility
  11. Toxicological information
  12. Ecological information
  13. Disposal instructions
  14. Transport information
  15. Information about regulations and provisions
  16. Other information

Exposure scenario

An exposure scenario (ES) must provide information about how a user can handle the material properly. ES and the registration number is enclosed with the SDS for a material when it is hazardous and registered in REACH for 10 tonnes or more.

There are several measures we can initiate if we receive an SDS with a registration number and an ES that does not cover our area of use/our method of use. 

  • Adapt the use to the existing ES.
  • Request a new ES from the supplier.
  • Change the supplier/ change the material.

Develop own chemical safety report to be sent to ECHA. This can be avoided if the usage is less than 1 tonne per year or it is used in product and process orientated research.  With any exemption, a report still has to be sent to ECHA within 6 months after receipt of SDS.