Astrid Gynnild's picture
Zulfikar Fahmy
  • E-mailastrid.gynnild@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 91 35+47-47028524
  • Visitor Address
    Lars Hillesgate 30, Media City Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 Bergen

Astrid Gynnild is a Professor of Media Studies at the University of Bergen, Norway. Her current research fields are journalism innovation, new technologies and human interaction. From 2016-2021 she was the Principal Investigator of ViSmedia – the Adoption of Visual Surveillance Technologies in the News Media, funded by the Norwegian Research Council.  In this transdisciplinary, international RRI project the researchers investigated the journalistic and social implications of new technologies with a potential for surveillance, such as camera drones, mobile phones, 360 cameras, and satellite videos. 

From 2014-2019 she was also Head of the Journalism Education at the University of Bergen. She led the development of the University´s new master program in Investigative Journalism when the journalism studies moved to Media City Bergen in 2017. She implemented the workshop model to support student active learning on BA and MA levels. In 2019 she was awarded the title Excellent Teaching Practitioner (ETP) as one of the first professors at the University of Bergen. 

Gynnild got her PhD in 2006, having developed a grounded theory on creativity in journalism work processes, Creative Cycling of News Professionals. Her opponent was the co-founder of the method, dr. Barney G. Glaser. She later specialized as a GT method supervisor through the active participation in Grounded Theory Troubleshooting Seminars with dr. Glaser in the USA and in Europa. She is a Fellow of the Grounded Theory Institute and was the editor of the Grounded Theory Review 2012-2018. 

In 2011-2012 Gynnild was a Visiting Research Scholar at the Department of Sociology, University of California in Berkeley, USA. She previously permanent positions at several institutions of higher education as well as at the Media House Adresseavisen in Trondheim, Norway, in which she gained a broad experience with news work as a journalist, a photo/graphics editor, and a newsroom developer. 

Last publications:

Immersive Journalism as Storytelling – Ethics, Production, and Design 

We in the Mojo Community – Exploring a Global Network of Mobile Journalists 

Responsible Drone Journalism 

In the ViSmedia project (2015-2021) we have experimented with increasingly visual dissemination of research on our website www.vismedia.org. On this web page you will find a number of news stories on the many activities throughout the project. Here you will find videos from our conferences on Drones, Mobile Spotting, Watching, and Visual Transparency as well as the Snap Society conference. You will also find an overview of the publications in the project, and the results from numerous student experiments with new technologies that have been carried out in the projcet.  In sum, the  www.vismedia.org database provides a broad glimpse into the evolving adoption and adaption of visual surveillance technologies in the news media. 

The overall aim is to communicate research in exciting and relevant ways, and to publish most of my works open access. 

In the last ten years I have been an invited speaker at conferences and events in Finland, Denmark, Italy, Sweden, Ireland, and in the United States.

Teaching means to facilitate for learning. My approach to teaching and learning thus include a range of activities, such as developing a new course design, explore digital learning resources, and create active student learning challenges. And not the least: I spend much time on supervision, in all its forms; supervision is an extra exciting aspect of teaching and learning in our new remote surroundings.

I teach courses at bachelor´, master´, and PhD levels, and supervise students at all three levels as well.

Here are some courses designed and taught by me in 2020 and 2021:

Spring 2021: Project Design 30 stp. Master Program in Investigative Journalism

Fall 2020: Bachelor thesis. 30 stp. Bachelor Program in Journalism

Spring 2020: Research Experience and Method: Surveillance Technologies in the News Media. 10 stp. Master Program in Media and Communication

I 2019 I was awarded  status as  merittert underviser, Excellent Teaching Practitioner,  by the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Bergen.

In addition to comprehensive teaching experience from the University of Bergen, I have taught at Oslo Metropolitan University, Volda University College and the University of Stavanger. In the time period 2014-2017 I was in charge of developing new curricula in the Bachelor Program in Journalism and in the Master Program in Investigative Journalism at the University of Bergen.

Selected books and articles: 


For more publications and presentations, see https://app.cristin.no/


Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2021). Remote Female Fixation—A Grounded Theory on Semi-Illegal Sharing of Nude Imagery Online. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Mobile Journalists as Tracable Data Objects: Surveillance Capitalism and Responsible Innovation in Mobile Journalism. Media and Communication.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Adopting a mojo mindset: Training newspaper reporters in mobile journalism. Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism.
  • Show author(s) (2020). “We in the Mojo Community” – Exploring a Global Network of Mobile Journalists . Journalism Practice.
  • Show author(s) (2017). The Visual Power of News Agencies. Nordicom Review. 25-39.
  • Show author(s) (2014). The Robot Eye Witness: Extending visual journalism through drone surveillance. Digital Journalism. 334-343.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Surveillance videos and visual transparency in journalism. Journalism Studies. 449-463.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Environmental Messages in Online Media: The Role of Place. Environmental Communication. 113-130.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Winner takes it all freelance journalism on the global communication market. Nordicom Review. 111-120.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Teaching/Educational Portfolios.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Aktivitetsbasert undervisning: Panelsamtale .
  • Show author(s) (2018). Å utvikle landets beste kandidater.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Utdanne til det ukjente: Journalistikk som case.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Photojournalistic research and its prerequisites in a changed media climate.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Ekte praksis i praksis.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Blue Sky Thinking – What Drones Can Do for You.
  • Show author(s) (2018). "Ny bildjournalistisk forskning".
  • Show author(s) (2017). Why Mobile Spotting in the Media?
  • Show author(s) (2017). Journalistikk - viktigere enn noengang?
  • Show author(s) (2017). Fagfellesamarbeid om utvikling av undervisning.
  • Show author(s) (2016). ViSmedia State of the Art.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Kompetansebehov i fremtidens medielandskap.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Pasientsikkerhet - medieperspektivet.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Fremtiden for journalistutdanningene.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Hvordan skrive for vitenskapelig publisering?
  • Show author(s) (2013). Introduksjon til grounded theory – begrepsapparat og arbeidsprosess.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Introduksjon til grounded theory - begrepsapparat og arbeidsprosess.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Data Collection and Field Notes in Grounded Theory.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) (2022). Sivile droner - Norges nye olje? .
  • Show author(s) (2021). Droneteknologi og fremtidens Norge.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Peer-to-peer feedback and foresight thinking of journalists.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Droner og dronejournalistikk: Muligheter og dilemmaer.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Why Watching in the Media?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Hvordan skal vi leve med droner?
  • Show author(s) (2017). Når dronene ser deg - nåtid og fremtid.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Why Drones in the Media?
  • Show author(s) (2016). ViSmedia - et spektakulært prosjekt.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Når dronene ser deg - introduksjon til dilemmaer.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Lokalavisa som lyttepost og læringsarena.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Truer medieøkonomien journalistikken? Hva rammes? Hvordan skjer det? Hvorfor? Hvilken betydning får det for journalistene – og leserne?
  • Show author(s) (2012). Medieøkonomi, kutt og fremtid.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Medieleder - kreativ bakspiller?
  • Show author(s) (2009). Skapende veksling - om å vare og vokse som veileder.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Har det klikket for nettjournalister? Vil antallet klikk være eneste ledestjerne for fremtidens nettjournalister?
  • Show author(s) (2008). The Write Up Stage in Grounded Theory.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Multimediale arbeidsprosesser.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Motor i magen: Særtrekk ved prisvinnere i undersøkende journalistikk.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Motor i magen: Særtrekk ved prisvinnere i undersøkende journalistikk.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2023). Ubiquitous camera droning – from future scenario to visual realities.
  • Show author(s) (2023). Reducing Challenges for Investigative Climate Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Student active learning in a workshop format: Effects and impact.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Keynote: Experiencing grounded theory: A conversation with Odis E Simmons (PhD).
  • Show author(s) (2021). Anticipating Visual Futures.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Workshop som læringsarena.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Social implications of drone journalism as ubiquitous censoring.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Hva fremmer læring? Hva styrker undervisningskvalitet?
  • Show author(s) (2019). Emerging journalistic storytelling formats.
  • Show author(s) (2019). ViSmedia The responsible adoption and adaption of visual surveillance technologies in the news media.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Visual surveillance implications of immersive journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2018). The Visual Power of News Agencies.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Surveillance Implications of Immersive Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Photojournalism and editorial processes: Global similarities, local differences.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Immersive Journalism as Storyliving - panel.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Why do We Need Responsible Drone Journalism?
  • Show author(s) (2017). Building Trust in University Classes - the Peer-to-Peer Informal Feedback Approach (PIF).
  • Show author(s) (2016). Responsible Flying Camera Robots and the Media .
  • Show author(s) (2016). Hva bør vi vite om dronevideo og samfunnsansvar?
  • Show author(s) (2016). Drone Exploration in Journalism - a Triplex Approach to Action.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Camera drones in education. Teaching students to make responsible journalism with new technology.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Camera Drone Education: First Nordic Experiences with Pilot Courses.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Troubleshooting-seminar som arbeidsform.
  • Show author(s) (2015). The Power of News Agencies.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Grounded theory som tilnærming i forskning og praksis.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Are we all Charlie? The Surveillance Triangle of Journalism, Policing and Civilians.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Interactive quizzing, animation or video? Issues of climate communication.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Drones, flying robots, and higher education.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Developing journalism competence through feedback training.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Writing Grounded Theory for International Journals.
  • Show author(s) (2013). The Robot Eyewitness. Visual conquering of unwatched realities through unmanned aerial vehicles.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Applying Grounded Theory Methodology on Media Production Studies.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Visual Watching Online: Approaching News Video Selection from behind the Scenes.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Visual Transparency and Surveillance Videos in Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2012). New Approaches in Engaging with the News.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Introduksjon til grounded theory.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Digital Dissemination, CCTV Footage, and Transparency.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Animation, Documentary or Interactive Gaming? Exploring Communicative Effects of Environmental Messaging Online.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Parallellspråklig ferdighetsutvikling i akademia. Innspill til noen begrepsavklaringer.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Innovation, communication and the regional entrepreneurial ecology.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Datautforsking i nyhetsjournalistikken.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Computational Exploration and Innovation in Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Web Dynamics in Activist Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Computational Research Approaches to Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Tilbakemeldingsveksling - om å gi, ta imot og be om respons.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Nettet som journalistisk konkurransearena.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Kreativitet i en multimedial hverdag.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Journalisters behov for skapende veksling Creative Cycling of News Professionals.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Introduction: Photojournalism and editorial processes: Global similarities, local differences. Nordicom Review. 1-5.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Celebrating 50 Years of Grounded Theory: Onward and Forward. The Grounded Theory Review. 4 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). New Perspectives on Conceptual Growth through GT. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). From Grounded Description to Grounded Theory. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Perspectives on Autonomy and Control. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Editorial: Vibrant Awareness. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2014). The Strength of a Solution Seeking Approach. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2014). The Multidimensional Usefulness of Grounded Theories. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Editorial. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Editorial. The Grounded Theory Review. 2 pages.
Short communication
  • Show author(s) (2022). “Stop story talking! What’s the concept?” In Memoriam of Grounded Theory’s Co-Founder, Barney G. Glaser. The Grounded Theory Review. 39-43.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Norge er i unntakstilstand. Imens har myndighetene initiert et digital overvåkingsprosjekt. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).
Book review
  • Show author(s) (2014). Book Review: Beneficial Applicability of Grounded Theory. The Grounded Theory Review. 3 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Book Review: Grounded Theory a Practical Guide (Birks & Mills, 2011). The Grounded Theory Review. 63-67.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2022). Droner i sivilsamfunnet. Cappelen Damm Akademisk.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Immersive Journalism as Storytelling Ethics, Production and Design, 1st Edition. Routledge.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Responsible Drone Journalism. Routledge.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Droner i sivilsamfunnet. Aktører, teknologi og etiske utfordringer. Cappelen Damm Akademisk.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Grounded Theory: The Philosophy, Method and Work of Barney Glaser. BrownWalker Press.
Academic monograph
  • Show author(s) (2009). Kreativ under press.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) (2018). What is Responsible Drone Journalism? Medium.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Droner, integritet og dømmekraft. Vox publica.
Feature article
  • Show author(s) (2022). Kan Russland bli nedkjempet av små, fjernstyrte fartøy fra luften? Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).
  • Show author(s) (2022). Hva skjer med kildevernet etter hackerangrepet mot Amedia? Medier24.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Hvordan ruster mediene seg for Facebooks metaverse-invasjon i Europa? Medier24.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Smittesporing som digitalt eksperiment. Vox publica.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Mobilsporing i hvem sin tjeneste? Libra. Tidsskrift for Antroposofi. 86-87.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Fritt luftrom for kamera-droner? Stavanger Aftenblad.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Sprengkraften i digitale chatterom. Stavanger Aftenblad.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Digitale spor og troverdighet. Vox publica.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Tidsskifte for den gravende journalistikken? Vox publica.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Gravejournalistikk som non-profit. Dagens næringsliv.
Letter to the editor
  • Show author(s) (2007). Atmosphering for Learning. The Grounded Theory Review. 3.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) (2022). Responsible innovation in mobile journalism : Exploring professional journalists` learning and innovation processes.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Creative Cycling in the News Profession : A Grounded Theory.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Dette sier medieforskerne om mulig salg av Nationen: - Risikosport.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Videoen utløste raseri mot politiet. Nytt klipp viser hendelsen ovenfra.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Frykter manipulerende, antiempatisk journalistikk.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Skal dele triks og hemmeligheter for fortellende journalistikk.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Eit halvt år etter bacheloren, arbeider kun sju av 40 studentar på fulltid i mediebransjen.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Prøvekaniner for banebrytende læringsverktøy.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Opportunities & Challenges in Drone Journalism: 15 Experts from the Industry Share their Views.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Nå kommer dronene.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Nå er droner blitt et vekstfag ved norske universiteter.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Norske lokalaviser skal bidra til å utvikle digital verktøykasse for journalister.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Jubilerer for liv i pressemuseet.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Har funne fordomsfulle algoritmar med makt.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Drones, surveillance and journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Droner inn på universitetene.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Droner i medieutdanningen.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Vi er lei av å kopiere hverandres arbeid.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Journalistikk i teori og praksis.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Få klagerop fra studentene.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Vellykket redesign i Dagbladet.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Kreativ under pressStorylandSigurd Evensmo.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Journalister kan vokse på krisetidene.
  • Show author(s) (2007). – Lokal nyhetsjournalistikk på sitt beste.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Ti bud for et godt liv i journalistikken.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2021). Project Syria: Accuracy in Immersive Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Introduction: What is Immersive Journalism?
  • Show author(s) (2021). Forecasting Future Trajectories for Immersive Journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Case Euronews: A low-cost approach to Immersive Storytelling.
  • Show author(s) (2018). What is responsible drone journalism? 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Transparency or surveillance? Dilemmas of piloting autonomous agents. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Three scenarios of responsible drone journalism. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). The first wave of journalism: from activist tool to global game changer. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). The first wave of drone journalism: From activism tool to global game changer . 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Taking risks with drones: responsible innovation pedagogy for media education. 14 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Kameradroner som journalistisk verktøy - et designeksperiment i høyere utdanning. 16 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Hvorfor droner i sivilsamfunnet? 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Droneteknologi, RRI og læring. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Drones, teaching and the value of the explorative player-coach. 13 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Droners mørke side.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Det norske droneeventyret .
  • Show author(s) (2016). Three dilemmas of visual news coverage.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Three Dilemmas of Visual News Coverage. 9 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Developing Journalism Skills through Informal Feedback Training. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Applying Grounded Theory in Media Production Studies .
  • Show author(s) (2014). Introduksjon til grounded theory. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Visuell transparens i journalistikken. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Mentoring a method. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Living the Ideas: A Biographical Interview with Barney G. Glaser. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Atmosphering for Conceptual Discovery. 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Audiovisuelle fortellinger erobrer nettet. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Klikket som tilbakemelding. 1 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Growing Open: The Transition from QDA to GT. 1 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Creative Cycling of News Professionals: A Grounded Theory. 1 pages.
Encyclopedia article
  • Show author(s) (2019). Visual Journalism. 8 pages. In:
    • Show author(s) (2019). The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Competence building in computational journalism: A model for experiental learning through acrossism.
  • Show author(s) (2009). The impact of positive attention - side effects of awards in journalism.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Nationens journalistiske profil Kvantitativ og kvalitativ analyse av nyhets- og reportasjestoffet.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Skapende veksling: En teori om kreativitet.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Indre motivasjon som premiss for undersøkende journalistikk.
Digital learning tools
  • Show author(s) (2015). Journalism Innovation leads to Innovative Journalism.
Academic literature review
  • Show author(s) (2014). Journalism Innovation leads to Innovation Journalism. The impact of computational exploration on changing mindsets. Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism. 713-730.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Animation, Video Documentary or Interactive Gaming? Investigating Effects of Environmental Messaging. # ISOJ Journal.
Website (informational material)
  • Show author(s) (2021). www.vismedia.org .
  • Show author(s) (2021). Visual Futures of the Media Conference.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Snap Society.
  • Show author(s) (2018). ViSmedia nettside.
Article in business/trade/industry journal
  • Show author(s) (2007). Creative Cycling of News Professionals. The Grounded Theory Review. 67-92.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

From 2015-2021 I am the Principal Investigator of a research project funded by the Norwegian Research Council, Programme on Responsible Innovation and Corporate Social Responsibility. The project ViSmedia – the adoption and adaption of visual surveillance technologies in the news media (www.vismedia.org) provided 24 mill Nkr and has 16 members including 1 PhD, 1 postdoc, and 4 adjunct professors 20% from USA and Finland.

From 2019 I am also the leader of the Journalism Research Group at the Department of Information Science and Media Studies at UiB.

From 2014-2019 I was Head of the Journalism Education at the University of Bergen as well, leading the development of the new Bachelor Program in Journalism as well as the new Program for Investigate Journalism, while simultaneously moving to the first media cluster in Scandinavia, Media City Bergen.

From 2013-2017 I was the Chair of the Norwegian Board for Applied Media Research (RAM), and Vice Chair of the same board 2009-2013.

From 2011 til 2019 I was the Editor of the Grounded Theory Review.

During my two years (2011-2013) at the University of Stavanger I was Head of the Master Program in Documentary Production, and from 2007-2009 I was Head of the department and Head of the supervision/councelling program at the Center for Relational Development, now ViD University College.  

Finally, I was Head of the Photo and Graphics Department in the newspaper Adresseavisen (1996-1999) and Head of a comprehensive re-design project in the same place (1999).

Research groups