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  • Phone+47 975 01 757+47 975 01 757
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    Lars Hillesgt. 3
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7800
    5020 Bergen
Academic article
  • Mössler, Karin; Schmid, Wolfgang; Aßmus, Jörg; Fusar-Poli, Laura; Gold, Christian. 2020. Attunement in Music Therapy for Young Children with Autism: Revisiting Qualities of Relationship as Mechanisms of Change. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
  • Baker, Felicity A.; Tamplin, Jeanette; Clark, Imogen N.; Lee, Young-Eun C.; Geretsegger, Monika; Gold, Christian. 2019. Treatment fidelity in a music therapy multi-site cluster randomized controlled trial for people living with dementia: The MIDDEL project intervention fidelity protocol. The Journal of music therapy. 125-148.
  • Gold, Christian; Eickholt, Jasmin; Assmus, Jörg; Stige, Brynjulf; Wake, Jo Dugstad; Baker, Felicity A.; Tamplin, Jeanette; Clark, Imogen N.; Lee, Young-Eun C.; Jacobsen, Stine Lindahl; Ridder, Hanne Mette O.; Kreutz, Gunter; Muthesius, Dorothea; Wosch, Thomas; Ceccato, Enrico; Raglio, Alfredo; Ruggeri, Mirella; Vink, Annemiek; Zuidema, Sytse; Odell-Miller, Helen; Orrell, Martin; Schneider, Justine; Kubiak, Christine; Romeo, Renee; Geretsegger, Monika. 2019. Music Interventions for Dementia and Depression in ELderly care (MIDDEL): Protocol and statistical analysis plan for a multinational cluster-randomised trial. BMJ Open.
  • Ghetti, Claire; Bieleninik, Lucja; Hysing, Mari; Kvestad, Ingrid; Assmus, Jörg; Romeo, Renee; Ettenberger, Mark; Arnon, Shmuel; Vederhus, Bente Johanne; Gaden, Tora Söderström; Gold, Christian. 2019. Longitudinal study of music therapy's effectiveness for premature infants and their caregivers (LongSTEP): Protocol for an international randomised trial. BMJ Open. 1-16.
  • Erkkilä, Jaakko; Brabant, Olivier; Saarikallio, Suvi H.; Ala-Ruona, Esa; Hartmann, Martin; Nerdinga, Letulė; Geretsegger, Monika; Gold, Christian. 2019. Enhancing the efficacy of integrative improvisational music therapy in the treatment of depression: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 13 pages.
  • Gottfried, Tali; Thompson, Grace; Elefant, Cochavit; Gold, Christian. 2018. Reliability of the Music in Everyday Life (MEL) Scale: A parent-report assessment for children on the autism spectrum. The Journal of music therapy. 133-155.
  • Bieleninik, Lucja; Posserud, Maj-Britt Rocio; Geretsegger, Monika; Thompson, Grace; Elefant, Cochavit; Gold, Christian. 2017. Tracing the temporal stability of autism spectrum diagnosis and severity as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLOS ONE. 1-23.
  • Mössler, Karin; Gold, Christian; Assmus, Jörg; Schumacher, Karin; Calvet, Claudine; Reimer, Silke; Iversen, Gun; Schmid, Wolfgang. 2017. The therapeutic relationship as predictor of change in music therapy with young children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2795-2809.
  • Ghetti, Claire; Chen, Xi Jing; Fachner, Jörg; Gold, Christian. 2017. Music therapy for people with substance use disorders. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1-16.
  • Crawford, Mike J.; Gold, Christian; Odell-Miller, Helen; Thana, Lavanya; Faber, Sarah; Assmus, Jörg; Bieleninik, Lucja; Geretsegger, Monika; Grant, Claire; Maratos, Anna; Sandford, Stephen; Claringbold, Amy; McConachie, Helen; Maskey, Morag; Mössler, Karin; Ramchandani, Paul G.; Hassiotis, Angela. 2017. International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study. Health Technology Assessment. 40 pages.
  • Gold, Christian; Saarikallio, Suvi H.; Crooke, Alexander Hew Dale; McFerran, Katrina. 2017. Group music therapy as a preventive intervention for young people at risk: cluster-randomized trial. The Journal of music therapy. 133-160.
  • Bieleninik, Lucja; Geretsegger, Monika; Mössler, Karin; Assmus, Jörg; Thompson, Grace; Gattino, Gustavo; Elefant, Cochavit; Gottfried, Tali; Igliozzi, Roberta; Muratori, Filippo; Suvini, Ferdinando; Kim, Jinah; Crawford, Mike J.; Odell-Miller, Helen; Oldfield, Amelia; Casey, Órla; Finnemann, Johanna; Carpente, John; Park, A-La; Grossi, Enzo; Gold, Christian. 2017. Effects of improvisational music therapy vs enhanced standard care on symptom severity among children with autism spectrum disorder: The TIME-A randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). 525-535.
  • Werner, Jasmin; Wosch, Thomas; Gold, Christian. 2017. Effectiveness of group music therapy versus recreational group singing for depressive symptoms of elderly nursing home residents: pragmatic trial. Aging & Mental Health. 147-155.
  • Chen, Xi Jing; Hannibal, Niels; Gold, Christian. 2016. Randomized trial of group music therapy with Chinese prisoners: Impact on anxiety, depression, and self-esteem. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology. 1064-1081.
  • Bieleninik, Lucja; Ghetti, Claire; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music therapy for preterm infants and their parents: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics.
  • Chen, Xi Jing; Leith, Helen; Aarø, Leif Edvard; Manger, Terje; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music therapy for improving mental health problems of offenders in correctional settings: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology. 209-228.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Holck, Ulla; Bieleninik, Lucja; Gold, Christian. 2016. Feasibility of a trial on improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder. The Journal of music therapy. 93-120.
  • Saarikallio, Suvi H.; Gold, Christian; McFerran, Katrina. 2015. Development and validation of the Healthy-Unhealthy Music Scale. Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 210-217.
  • Beck, Bolette; Hansen, Åse Marie; Gold, Christian. 2015. Coping with work-related stress through guided imagery and music (GIM): Randomized controlled trial. The Journal of music therapy. 323-352.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Holck, Ulla; Carpente, John; Elefant, Cochavit; Kim, Jinah; Gold, Christian. 2015. Common characteristics of improvisational approaches in music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: Developing treatment guidelines. The Journal of music therapy. 258-281.
  • Bergström-Isacsson, Märith; Lagerkvist, Bengt; Holck, Ulla; Gold, Christian. 2014. Neurophysiological responses to music and vibroacoustic stimuli in Rett syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 1281-1291.
  • Gold, Christian; Assmus, Jørg; Hjørnevik, Kjetil; Qvale, Liv Gunnhild; Brown, Astri Fiona Kirkwood; Waage, Leif; Hansen, Anita Lill; Stige, Brynjulf. 2014. Music therapy for prisoners: pilot randomised controlled trial and implications for evaluating psychosocial interventions. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology. 1520-1539.
  • Gelo, Omar Carlo Gioacchino; Zips, Astrid; Ponocny-Seliger, Elisabeth; Neumann, Karin; Balugani, Renzo; Gold, Christian. 2014. Hypnobehavioral and hypnoenergetic therapy in the treatment of obese women: A pragmatic randomized clinical trial. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 260-291.
  • Grocke, Denise; Bloch, Sidney; Castle, David Jonathan; Thompson, Grace; Newton, Richard; Stewart, Sarah; Gold, Christian. 2014. Group music therapy for severe mental illness: A randomized embedded-experimental mixed methods study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 144-153.
  • Chen, Xi Jing; Hannibal, Niels; Xu, Kevin; Gold, Christian. 2014. Group music therapy for prisoners: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Nordic journal of music therapy. 224-241.
  • Thompson, Grace; McFerran, Katrina; Gold, Christian. 2014. Family-centred music therapy to promote social engagement in young children with severe autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled study. Child: Care, Health and Development. 840-852.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Ev’ry time we say goodbye… or the ambivalent nature of things. Nordic journal of music therapy. 201.
  • Bieleninik, Lucja; Gold, Christian. 2014. Early intervention for premature infants in neonatal intensive care unit. Acta Neuropsychologica. 185-203.
  • Gold, Christian; Fachner, Jörg; Erkkilä, Jaakko. 2013. Validity and reliability of electroencephalographic frontal alpha asymmetry and frontal midline theta as biomarkers for depression. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 118-126.
  • Gold, Christian; Rolvsjord, Randi; Mössler, Karin ; Stige, Brynjulf. 2013. Reliability and validity of a scale to measure interest in music among clients in mental health care. Psychology of Music. 665-682.
  • Fachner, Jörg; Gold, Christian; Erkkilä, Jaakko. 2013. Music Therapy Modulates Fronto-Temporal Activity in Rest-EEG in Depressed Clients. Brain Topography. 338-354.
  • Gold, Christian; Mössler, Karin ; Grocke, Denise; Heldal, Tor Olav; Tjemsland, Lars; Aarre, Trond F.; Aarø, Leif Edvard; Rittmannsberger, Hans; Stige, Brynjulf; Assmuss, Jørg; Rolvsjord, Randi. 2013. Individual music therapy for mental health care clients with low therapy motivation: multicentre randomised controlled trial. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 319-331.
  • Ridder, Hanne Mette O.; Stige, Brynjulf; Qvale, Liv Gunnhild; Gold, Christian. 2013. Individual music therapy for agitation in dementia: an exploratory randomized controlled trial. Aging & Mental Health. 667-678.
  • Bergström-Isacsson, Märith; Lagerkvist, Bengt; Holck, Ulla; Gold, Christian. 2013. How facial expressions in a Rett syndrome population are recognised and interpreted by those around them as conveying emotions. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 788-794.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Holck, Ulla; Gold, Christian. 2012. Randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy's effectiveness for children with autism spectrum disorders (TIME-A): study protocol. BMC Pediatrics. 9 pages.
  • Mössler, Karin ; Assmuss, Jørg; Heldal, Tor Olav; Fuchs, Katharina; Gold, Christian. 2012. Music therapy techniques as predictors of change in mental health care. The Arts in Psychotherapy. 333-341.
  • Mössler, Karin ; Fuchs, Katharina; Heldal, Tor Olav; Karterud, Inger Marie; Kenner, Jason; Næsheim, Sissel; Gold, Christian. 2011. The clinical application and relevance of resource-oriented principles in music therapy with psychiatric clients. British Journal of Music Therapy (BJMT). 72-91.
  • Erkkilä, Jaakko; Punkanen, Marko; Fachner, J; Ala-Ruona, E; Pontio, I; Tervaniemi, M; Vanhala, M; Gold, Christian. 2011. Individual music therapy for depression: randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry. 132-139.
  • Lotan, Meir; Gold, Christian; Yalon-Chamovitz, Shira. 2009. Reducing challenging behavior through structured therapeutic intervention in the controlled multi-sensory environment (Snoezelen). Ten case studies. International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 377-392.
  • Lotan, Meir; Gold, Christian. 2009. Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of individual intervention in the controlled multisensory environment (Snoezelen®) for individuals with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 207-215.
  • Gold, Christian. 2009. Gesundheitspolitisches Stichwort: Systematische Übersichtsarbeit und Meta-Analyse. Musiktherapeutische Umschau. 75-78.
  • Kim, Jinah; Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian. 2009. Emotional, motivational and interpersonal responsiveness of children with autism in improvisational music therapy. Autism. 389-409.
  • Erkkilä, Jaakko; Gold, Christian; Fachner, Jörg; Ala-Ruona, Esa; Punkanen, Marko; Vanhala, Mauno. 2008. The effect of improvisational music therapy on the treatment of depression: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry. 9 pages.
  • Kim, Jinah; Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian. 2008. The Effects of Improvisational Music Therapy on Joint Attention Behaviors in Autistic Children: A Randomized Controlled Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 1758-1766.
  • Maratos, Anna; Gold, Christian; Wang, Xu; Crawford, Mike. 2008. Music therapy for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  • Ulrich, Gunnar; Houtmans, Tilly; Gold, Christian. 2007. The additional therapeutic effect of group music therapy for schizophrenic patients: a randomized study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 362-370.
  • Gold, Christian; Houtmans, Tilly; Ulrich, Gunnar. 2007. The additional therapeutic effect of group music therapy for schizophrenic patients : A randomized study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 362-370.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony; Voracek, Martin. 2007. Predictors of change in music therapy with children and adolescents: The role of therapeutic techniques. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. 577-589.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Music therapy improves symptoms in adults hospitalised with schizophrenia. Evidence-Based Mental Health. 77.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Music therapy improves symptoms in adults hospitalised with schizophrenia. Evidence-Based Mental Health. 77-77.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony; Voracek, Martin. 2007. Effectiveness of music therapy for children and adolescents with psychopathology: A quasi-experimental study. Psychotherapy Research.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony; Voracek, Martin. 2007. Effectiveness of music therapy for children and adolescents with psychopathology: A quasi-experimental study. Psychotherapy Research. 292-300.
  • Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian. 2006. Music therapy in the assessment and treatment of autistic spectrum disorder: clinical application and research evidence. Child: Care, Health and Development. 535-542.
  • Gold, Christian; Dahle, Trond; Heldal, Tor Olav; Wigram, Tony. 2006. Music therapy for people with schizophrenia or other psychoses: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Music Therapy (BJMT). 100-108.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony; Elefant, Cochavit. 2006. Music therapy for autistic spectrum disorder (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane library. 9-19.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony; Elefant, Cochavit. 2006. Music therapy for autistic spectrum disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  • Gold, Christian; Rolvsjord, Rune. 2006. Citation patterns and scientific impact of the Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 1992?2005. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 139-153.
  • Rolvsjord, Randi; Gold, Christian; Stige, Brynjulf. 2005. Therapeutic Principles for Resource-oriented Music Therapy: a Contextual Approach to the Field of Mental Health. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi.
  • Baker, Felicity; Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian. 2005. The effects of a song-singing programme on the affective speaking intonation of people with traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury. 519-528.
  • Gold, Christian; Rolvsjord, Randi; Stige, Brynjulf. 2005. Resource-oriented music therapy for psychiatric patients with low therapy motivation: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT-MTPSY). BMC Psychiatry.
  • Rolvsjord, Randi; Gold, Christian; Stige, Brynjulf. 2005. Research rigour and therapeutic flexibility rationale for a therapy manual developed for a randomised controlled trial. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 15-32.
  • Rolvsjord, Randi; Gold, Christian; Stige, Brynjulf. 2005. Research Rigour and Therapeutic Flexibility: Rationale for a Therapy Manual Developed for a Randomised Controlled Trial. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 15-32.
  • Gold, Christian; Heldal, Tor Olav; Dahle, Trond; Wigram, Tony. 2005. Music therapy for schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like illnesses. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  • Gold, Christian. 2004. The use of effect sizes in music therapy research. Music Therapy Perspectives. 91-95.
  • Baker, Felicity; Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian. 2004. The effects of a song-singing programme on the affective speaking intonation of people with traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury.
  • Gold, Christian; Bentley, Kris; Wigram, Tony. 2004. Music therapy for schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like illnesses (Protocol for a Cochrane Review). The Cochrane library.
  • Maratos, Anna; Gold, Christian. 2004. Music therapy for depression (Protocol for a Cochrane Review). The Cochrane library.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony. 2004. Music therapy for autistic spectrum disorder (Protocol for a Cochrane Review). The Cochrane library.
  • Gold, Christian; Voracek, Martin; Wigram, Tony. 2004. Effects of music therapy for children and adolescents with psychopathology: A meta-analysis. ?. 1054-1063.
  • Gold, Christian. 2003. Music therapy in Austria. ?.
Lecture
  • Gold, Christian. 2016. Opening lecture: Triangular objects in music therapy practice, theory, and research.
  • Krüger, Viggo; McFerran, Katrina; Derrington, Philippa; Gold, Christian; Wölfl, Andreas. 2016. Authors' roundtable: Healthy and unhealthy use of music by adolescents.
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Trial of Improvisational Music Therapy's Effectiveness for Autism (TIME-A): What have we learned from 278 children in 9 countries?
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Music therapy as a clinical intervention for mental disorders: State of the evidence.
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Effects of music therapy in the treatment and prevention of substance use and mental disorders.
  • Thompson, Grace; Gottfried, Tali; Geretsegger, Monika; Oldfield, Amelia; Suvini, Ferdinando; Gattino, Gustavo; Elefant, Cochavit; Carpente, John; Kim, Jinah; Gold, Christian. 2014. World-wide perspectives on improvisational music therapy from the TIME-A project.
  • Gold, Christian; Abrams, Brian; Elefant, Cochavit; Gilbertson, Simon; Kim, Jinah; Wennström, Sofie. 2014. The art of scientific writing: Preparing manuscripts and surviving peer review.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Randomised controlled Trial of Improvisational Music therapy's Effectiveness for children with Autism spectrum disorders (TIME-A).
  • Hakvoort, Laurien; Gold, Christian; Crimmins, Andrea; Silverman, Michael J.; Leith, Helen; Compton Dickinson, Stella. 2014. Music therapy in correctional settings.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Music therapy in child and adolescent mental health: The evidence to date.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Music therapy for improving mental health in offenders: State of the evidence.
  • McFerran, Katrina; Gold, Christian; Saarikallio, Suvi H. 2014. Healthy and unhealthy uses of music by teenagers.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Aus der Praxis, für die Praxis: Pragmatische Studien in der Musiktherapie.
  • Gold, Christian; Bonde, Lars Ole; Bradt, Joke; Elefant, Cochavit; Gilbertson, Simon; Kim, Jinah; McFerran, Katrina; Rolvsjord, Rune; Wennström, Sofie. 2013. The art of scientific writing: Preparing manuscripts for journal submission and surviving the peer review process.
  • Carpente, John; Elefant, Cochavit; Gattino, Gustavo; Geretsegger, Monika; Gold, Christian; Gottfried, Tali; Kim, Jinah; Mössler, Karin ; Suvini, Ferdinando; Thompson, Grace. 2013. TIME-A: Investigating improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorders.
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. Shifting effects in RCTs of complex interventions: Some caveats.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Gold, Christian. 2013. Neue Evidenzen von Musiktherapie bei Autismus-Spektrum-Störungen: Ergebnisse eines Cochrane Review-Updates.
  • Gold, Christian; Bieleninik, Lucja; Steidl, Carolin; Metzler, Sonja; Geretsegger, Monika. 2013. Much ADO(s) about nothing – or real progress intherapy evaluation?
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. Hva vet vi i dag om musikkterapiens effekter i psykisk helsevern?
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. How to survive peer review.
Academic lecture
  • Ghetti, Claire; Brenner, Annette; Gold, Christian. 2019. Music therapy for people with substance use disorders: preliminary findings from a Cochrane systematic review.
  • Gold, Christian. 2019. Music Interventions for Dementia and Depression in ELderly care (MIDDEL): A pragmatic trial.
  • Ghetti, Claire; Söderström, Tora Gaden; Bieleninik, Lucja; Konieczna-Nowak, Ludwika; Gold, Christian. 2019. Longitudinal study of music therapy’s effectiveness for premature infants and their caregivers (longstep): results from feasibility studies and first steps in an international randomized controlled trial.
  • Gold, Christian. 2019. Developing and evaluating psychosocial interventions: From process evaluations to randomized controlled trials and back. With examples of music therapy in mental health.
  • Gold, Christian. 2019. Be grateful for negative trials, they allow us to move on”: Practice and research development in the arts therapies.
  • Gold, Christian. 2019. Auf dem Weg zu einer evidenzbasierten Musiktherapie für Autismus: Erreichte Meilensteine und aktuelle Herausforderungen.
  • Gold, Christian. 2018. Using music to improve mental and social health in clinical populations: What works for whom, why, and when? .
  • Gold, Christian. 2018. Musiktherapie und Autismus: Forschung und Praxis.
  • Gold, Christian. 2018. Musikkterapi i PBU: TIME-A – et samarbeidsprosjekt.
  • Gold, Christian. 2017. Research in music therapy: Results and reflections.
  • Gold, Christian. 2017. Music therapy and autism: A research agenda.
  • Tottenham, Nim; Gold, Christian; Peretz, Isabel; Robb, Sheri; Trainor, Laurel. 2017. Music and music therapy: autism and pediatric cancer.
  • Gold, Christian. 2017. Effectiveness of improvisational music therapy versus enhanced standard care for children with autism spectrum disorders: The TIME-A randomised controlled trial.
  • Mössler, Karin; Gold, Christian; Schmid, Wolfgang. 2017. Betydningen av relasjonen i musikkterapeutisk autismebehandling.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Bieleninik, Lucja; Mössler, Karin; Gold, Christian. 2016. Is improvisational music therapy an effective intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder? Findings from the multi-site randomised controlled TIME-A trial.
  • Gold, Christian. 2016. Collaborative research in music therapy: Lessons learned from the TIME-A project.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Mössler, Karin ; Elefant, Cochavit; Gold, Christian. 2013. Music therapy may promote relational skills in children with ASD – evidence from an updated Cochrane Review.
  • Møssler, Karin Antonia; Gold, Christian. 2010. Music therapy research in mental health care. New evidence about effects and mechanisms of change in music therapy with psychiatric patients.
  • Gold, Christian; Møssler, Karin Antonia; Fuchs, Katharina; Heldal, Tor Olav; Karterud, Inger Marie; Næsheim, Sissel. 2009. Was ist eigentlich Ressourcenorientierung in der Musiktherapie? Erfahrungen aus einer internationalenMulticenterstudie im Bereich der Psychiatrie.
  • Gold, Christian; Møssler, Karin Antonia; Fuchs, Katharina; Heldal, Tor Olav; Karterud, Inger Marie; Næsheim, Sissel. 2009. Was ist eigentlich Ressourcenorientierung in der Musiktherapie? Erfahrungen aus einer internationalen Multicenterstudie im Bereich der Psychiatrie.
  • Møssler, Karin Antonia; Gold, Christian; Fuchs, Katharina; Heldal, Tor Olav; Karterud, Inger Marie; Næsheim, Sissel. 2009. Musiktherapie in der Forschung.
  • Møssler, Karin Antonia; Gold, Christian; Fuchs, Katharina; Heldal, Tor Olav; Karterud, Inger Marie; Næsheim, Sissel. 2009. Musiktherapie in der Forschung.
  • Gold, Christian. 2009. Music therapy on the road to an empirically supported form of psychotherapy: Where are we today?
  • Gold, Christian; Solli, Hans Petter; Krüger, Viggo; Lie, Stein Atle. 2009. Dose-response relationship in music therapy for people with serious mental disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • Gold, Christian; Solli, Hans Petter; Krüger, Viggo; Lie, Stein Atle. 2009. Dose-response relationship in music therapy for people with serious mental disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • Gold, Christian; Solli, Hans Petter; Krüger, Viggo; Lie, Stein Atle. 2008. Using mixed-effects meta-analysis to examine the impact of study design, patient characteristics, and treatment intensity in a systematic review of music therapy for serious mental disorders.
  • Gold, Christian. 2008. Music therapy for people with serious mental disorders: Findings from meta-analysis and implications for practice.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Siteringsmønstre og vitenskapelig "impact" av Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 1992-2005.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Music therapy in psychiatry: Definition and summary of research evidence.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Mechanisms of change: What is it that works in music therapy?
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Effekter på musikkterapi for mennesker med psykoser og andre psykiatriske lidelser: En meta-analyse.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Effekter på musikkterapi for mennesker med psykoser og andre psykiatriske lidelser : En metaanalyse.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Effects of music therapy for people with psychoses and other psychiatric disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Effects of music therapy for people wiht psychoses and other psychiatric disorders : Systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • Gold, Christian. 2006. Wirksamkeit von Musiktherapie bei Schizophrenie: Eine Übersichtsarbeit von randomisierten Studien.
  • Gold, Christian. 2006. Musikkterapi for mennesker med schizofreni.
  • Stige, Brynjulf; Gold, Christian. 2006. Music therapy.
  • Gold, Christian. 2006. An overview of results and current issues in outcome research on music therapy for people with psychotic disorders.
  • Gold, Christian. 2005. Musikkterapi med autistiske barn, en metaanalyse.
  • Gold, Christian. 2005. Musikkterapi for barn med psykiske vansker, kliniske eksempel.
  • Gold, Christian. 2005. Music therapy for schizophrenia: A systematic review.
  • Gold, Christian; Rolvsjord, Randi. 2004. Treatment principles in resource-oriented music therapy in psychiatry.
  • Gold, Christian. 2004. The evidence base on music therapy with autistic spectrumdisorder.
  • Gold, Christian. 2004. The evidence base on effects of music therapy in child psychiatry.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony. 2004. Prädiktoren für die Effektivität von Musiktherapie: Ergebnisse einer Multi-Center-Studie Predictors of the effectiveness of music therapy: Results of a multi-centre study.
  • Gold, Christian. 2004. Meta-analysis of existing research on music psychotherapy - implications for an RCT on resource-oriented music therapy.
  • Gold, Christian. 2004. Evidence for the efficacy of music therapy in psychiatry: Present and future.
  • Gold, Christian; Wigram, Tony; Voracek, Martin. 2004. Effectiveness of individual music therapy with mentally ill children and adolescents: A controlled quasi-experimental study.
  • Gold, Christian. 2004. EBM issues and Cochrane.
  • Gold, Christian; Stige, Brynjulf. 2004. Dealing with heterogeneity in treatment implementation: An example from music therapy in psychiatry.
Editorial
  • Gold, Christian. 2019. Randomised controlled trials: Why the small print matters. Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-3.
  • Sharda, Megha; Silani, Giorgia; Specht, Karsten; Tillmann, Julian; Nater, Urs; Gold, Christian. 2019. Music therapy for children with autism: investigating social behaviour through music. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health.
  • Gold, Christian. 2019. Communication. Nordic journal of music therapy. 171-173.
  • Gold, Christian. 2018. Outside the black box. Nordic journal of music therapy. 95-96.
  • Gold, Christian. 2018. Music in therapy and in daily life: Health of musicians, concepts of aesthetics, measurement, and new media. Nordic journal of music therapy. 257-258.
  • Gold, Christian. 2017. Take Five. Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2017. Inside the black box. Nordic journal of music therapy. 393-394.
  • Gold, Christian. 2017. Between guidelinitis and post-truth. Nordic journal of music therapy. 205-206.
  • Gold, Christian. 2016. The Nordic and the European: abstracts of the 10th European Music Therapy Conference. Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2016. Seven steps to authors' heaven, or: Why does it take so long for my manuscript to be reviewed? Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-4.
  • Crawford, Mike J.; Barnicot, Kirsten; Patterson, Sue; Gold, Christian. 2016. Negative results in phase III trials of complex interventions: cause for concern or just good science? British Journal of Psychiatry. 6-8.
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Truly Nordic? Nordic journal of music therapy. 97-98.
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Music and development (MAD). Nordic journal of music therapy. 185-186.
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Four. Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Signal and noise in music therapy outcome studies. Nordic journal of music therapy. 97-98.
  • Gold, Christian. 2014. Music therapy in neonatal care. Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-1.
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. Untitled. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 177-179.
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. The meaning of life. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 1-2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. Mental health assessments and multicultural encounters: Hearing the grass grow. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 91-92.
  • Gold, Christian. 2013. Connections. Nordic journal of music therapy. 177-179.
  • Gold, Christian. 2012. The importance of being aware of what we don't know. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 1-2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2012. Fostering discussions: New instructions for authors. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 106-108.
  • Gold, Christian. 2012. Beyond and within the therapist-client dyad. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 201-202.
  • Gold, Christian. 2012. About becoming a music therapist. Nordic journal of music therapy. 103-105.
  • Gold, Christian. 2011. Special section: music therapy for people with autistic spectrum disorder. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 105-107.
  • Gold, Christian. 2011. Goodbye, Tony Wigram (1953-2011). Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 205-207.
  • Gold, Christian. 2009. What is “Nordicness” in a music therapy journal? Nordic journal of music therapy. 101-102.
  • Gold, Christian. 2009. All those things with music. Nordic journal of music therapy. 1-2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2008. The theory and the evidence. Nordic journal of music therapy. 2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2008. Mainstream Science and NJMT. Nordic journal of music therapy. 88.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Two places for presentation and discussion (Editorial). Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 2.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Listening to our readers. Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 98-99.
  • Gold, Christian. 2007. Beyond the "qual versus quant" debate (Editorial). Nordisk tidsskrift for musikkterapi. 2.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Slootsky, Veronica; He, Shuo Sally; Lakshmin, Pooja; Emejuru, Jason; Shaver, Thomas Bruce; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music therapy in management of psychiatric disorders. 32 pages.
  • Slootsky, Veronica; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music therapy for autism spectrum disorders. 10 pages.
  • Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian. 2012. The religion of evidence-based practice: Helpful or harmful to health and well-being? 19 pages.
  • Gold, Christian. 2006. Wirksamkeit von Musiktherapie bei Schizophrenie: Eine Übersichtsarbeit von randomisierten Studien. 7 pages.
  • Gold, Christian. 2005. Was beeinflußt die Effektivität von Musiktherapie bei psychisch kranken Kindern und Jugendlichen? What influences the effectiveness of music therapy with psychologically disturbed children and adolescents? 12 pages.
Abstract
  • Gold, Christian; Bieleninik, Lucja. 2016. Short-term effects of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: findings from the TIME-A randomised trial. Nordic journal of music therapy. 28-28.
  • Tamplin, Jeanette; Clark, Imogen N.; Ridder, Hanne Mette O.; McDermott, Orii; Odell-Miller, Helen; Laitinen, Sari; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music therapy research in dementia: fostering a global approach. Nordic journal of music therapy. 94-95.
  • Bieleninik, Lucja; Ghetti, Claire; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music therapy for premature infants and their parents/caregivers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nordic journal of music therapy. 131-131.
  • Bieleninik, Lucja; Ghetti, Claire; Gold, Christian. 2016. Music Therapy for preterm infants and their parents/caregivers during NICU hospitalization and after discharge to home: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Psychology. 673-673.
  • Krüger, Viggo; McFerran, Katrina; Derrington, Philippa; Gold, Christian; Wölfl, Andreas. 2016. Healthy and unhealthy use of music by adolescents. Nordic journal of music therapy. 92-92.
  • Werner, Jasmin; Wosch, Thomas; Gold, Christian. 2016. Effectiveness of group music therapy versus recreational group singing for depressive symptoms of elderly nursing home residents. Nordic journal of music therapy. 83-83.
  • Bradt, Joke; Baker, Felicity; Bergmann, Thomas; Bonde, Lars Ole; Clark, Imogen N.; Gold, Christian; Loewy, Joanne; McFerran, Katrina; Meadows, Anthony; Robb, Sheri; Vaillancourt, Guylaine; Alexis, ElisaBeth. 2016. Authors' roundtable: scientific writing, peer review, and publication across journals. Nordic journal of music therapy. 86-87.
  • Gold, Christian; Lygren, Marianne; Karterud, Inger Marie; Petersen, Ingrid. 2006. Music therapy for psychotic patients: research and clinical perspectives. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.
  • Gold, Christian. 2006. An overview of results and current issues in outcome research on music therapy for people with psychotic disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 30-30.
Academic literature review
  • Giannelli, Ezechiele; Gold, Christian; Bieleninik, Lucja; Ghetti, Claire; Gelo, Omar Carlo Gioacchino. 2019. Dialectical behaviour therapy and 12-step programmes for substance use disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. 274-285.
  • Fusar-Poli, Laura; Bieleninik, Lucja; Brondino, Natascia; Chen, Xi-Jing; Gold, Christian. 2017. The effect of music therapy on cognitive functions in patients with dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 1103-1112.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Mössler, Karin; Bieleninik, Lucja; Chen, Xi-Jing; Heldal, Tor Olav; Gold, Christian. 2017. Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders. 1-79.
  • Aalbers, Sonja; Fusar-Poli, Laura; Freeman, Ruth E.; Spreen, Marinus; Ket, Johannes C.F.; Vink, Annemiek C.; Maratos, Anna; Crawford, Mike; Chen, Xi-Jing; Gold, Christian. 2017. Music therapy for depression. 1-83.
  • Geretsegger, Monika; Elefant, Cochavit; Mössler, Karin ; Gold, Christian. 2014. Music therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder.
  • Gold, Christian; Erkkila, J.; Crawford, M.J. 2012. Shifting effects in randomised controlled trials of complex interventions: a new kind of performance bias? 307-314.
  • Mössler, Karin ; Chen, Xi Jing; Heldal, Tor Olav; Gold, Christian. 2011. Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders (Review).
  • Gold, Christian; Solli, Hans Petter; Krüger, Viggo; Lie, Stein Atle. 2009. Dose-response relationship in music therapy for people with serious mental disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis. 193-207.
Chapter
  • Gold, Christian; Koelsch, Stefan; Stige, Brynjulf. 2019. Musikkterapi. 281-291. In:
    • Flo, Elisabeth; Husebø, Bettina S. 2019. Eldreboken. Fagbokforlaget.
  • Eickholt, Jasmin; Geretsegger, Monika; Gold, Christian. 2018. Perspectives on research and clinical practice in music therapy for older people with depression. 227-240. In:
    • Zubala, Ania; Karkou, Vicky. 2018. Arts Therapies in the Treatment of Depression. Routledge.
  • Gold, Christian; Saarikallio, Suvi H.; McFerran, Katrina. 2017. Music therapy. 1-10. In:
    • Levesque, Roger J.R,. 2017. Encyclopedia of Adolescence.
  • Gold, Christian. 2015. Quantitative psychotherapy outcome research: Methodological issues. 537-558. In:
    • Gelo, Omar Carlo Gioacchino; Pritz, Alfred; Rieken, Bernd. 2015. Psychotherapy Research: Foundations, Process, and Outcome. Springer.
  • Gold, Christian; Stegemann, Thomas. 2014. Musiktherapeutische Forschung - Methoden und aktuelle Entwicklungen. 111-129. In:
    • Stegemann, Thomas; Fitzthum, Elena. 2014. Wiener Ringvorlesung Musiktherapie: Grundlagen und Anwendungsfelder der Musiktherapie - ein Kurzlehrbuch. Praesens Verlag.

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