Claus Huitfeldt's picture

Claus Huitfeldt

  • E-mailClaus.Huitfeldt@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 30 13+47 913 48 030
  • Visitor Address
    Sydnesplassen 12/13 / Harald Hårfagresgt 1
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7805
    5020 BERGEN

At the moment I am on research leave, and not available in Bergen.

After having finished my "magister" degree at the University of Trondheim in 1984 I worked on the Norwegian Wittgenstein Project, until in 1990 I founded the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen. I directed this project until the publication of Wittgenstein's Nachlass: The Bergen Electronic Edition (Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN-10: 0192686917). This was the first complete publication of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Nachlass, and one of the first digital text critical editions of its size and kind.

Since then I have worked, philosophically as well as text-technologically, with methods for the representation, manipulation and analysis of documents, as well as with questions about their ontological and epistemological status. Text encoding and transcription are central themes in this work, which focuses especially on two subjects:

  • Identity conditions and similarity measures for texts in general, and for digital documents in particular
  • Representation, manipulation and analysis of complex documents with overlapping, discontinuous, unordered or multiply ordered elements.


Some recent talks:

Sperberg-McQueen, C.M., and Huitfeldt, Claus: "Bootstrapping Project-specific Spell-checkers". Paper given at Digital Humanities 2019, Utrecht, 8-.12-07.2019. Slides: http://mlcd.blackmesatech.com/mlcd/2019/Talks/Utrecht-201907/index.xml Abstract: https://dev.clariah.nl/files/dh2019/boa/0961.html

Huitfeldt, Claus, and Sperberg-McQueen, C.M.: "Interpreting Difference Among Transcripts". Paper given at Digital Humanities 2018, Mexico City, 26.-29.06.2018. Slides: http://mlcd.blackmesatech.com/mlcd/2018/Talks/MexicoDF-201806/index.en.xml Abstract: https://dh2018.adho.org/en/interpreting-difference-among-transcripts/

Huitfeldt, Claus, and Sperberg-McQueen, C.M.: "Transcriptional Implicature: Using a Transcript to Reason about an Exemplar". Paper given at Digital Humanities 2017, Montreal, 8.-11.08.2017. Abstract: https://dh2017.adho.org/abstracts/235/235.pdf

Sperberg-McQueen, C.M., Marcoux, Yves, and Huitfeldt, Claus: "Transcriptional Implicature: A Contribution To Markup Semantics". Paper given at Digital Humanities 2014, Lausanne, 9.-12.07.2019. Abstract: http://dharchive.org/paper/DH2014/Paper-61.xml


  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2017. Systèmes de balisage de textes et editions numérique. Chapitre 5, pages 179-202. In:
    • Apollon, Daniel; Régnier, Philippe; Bélisle, Claire. 2017. L'édition critique à l'ère du numérique. L'Harmattan. 412 pages. ISBN: 9782343129679.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2015. UnderDok: XML Structured attributes, change tracking, and the metaphysics of document. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 15. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol15.Huitfeldt01
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2014. Markup technology and textual scholarship. Kapittel, pages 157-178. In:
    • Apollon, Daniel; Bélisle, Claire; Régnier, Philippe. 2014. Digital Critical Editions. University of Illinois Press. 357 pages. ISBN: 978-0-252-03840-2.
  • Sperberg-McQueen, C.M.; Marcoux, Yves; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2014. Document lattices: Equivalence, compatibility, and contradiction in document markup. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 13. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol13.Sperberg-McQueen01
  • Marcoux, Yves; Sperberg-McQueen, C.M.; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2013. Modeling overlapping structures: Graphs and serializability. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 10. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol10.Marcoux01
  • Huitfeldt, Claus; Vitali, Fabio; Peroni, Silvio. 2012. Documents as Timed Abstract Objects. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 8. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol8.Huitfeldt01
  • Marcoux, Yves; Huitfeldt, Claus; Sperberg-McQueen, C.M. 2012. The MLCD Overlap Corpus (MOC): Project report. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 8. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol8.Huitfeldt02
  • Sperberg-McQueen, Michael; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2012. Ten problems in the interpretation of XML documents. kapittel, pages 157-174. In:
    • Mehler, Alexander; Kühnberger, Kai-Uwe; Lobin, Henning; Lüngen, Harald; Storrer, Angelika; Witt, Andreas. 2012. Modeling, learning, and processing of text technological data structures. Springer Publishing Company. 174 pages. ISBN: 978-3-642-22612-0.
  • Johnsen, Lars Gunnarsønn; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2011. TagAl: A tag algebra for document markup. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 7. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol7.Johnsen01
  • Huitfeldt, Claus; Marcoux, Yves; Sperberg-McQueen, C.M. 2010. Extension of the type/token distinction to document structure. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 5. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol5.Huitfeldt01
  • Huitfeldt, Claus; Sperberg-McQueen, C. Michael; Marcoux, Yves. 2009. Markup Meaning and Mereology. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 3. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol3.Huitfeldt01
  • Marcoux, Yves; Sperberg-McQueen, C. Michael; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2009. Formal and informal meaning from documents through skeleton sentences: Complementing formal tag-set descriptions with intertextual semantics and vice-versa. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 3. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol3.Sperberg-McQueen01
  • Huitfeldt, Claus; Sperberg-McQueen, C.M. 2008. What is transcription? Literary & Linguistic Computing. 23: 295-310. doi: 10.1093/llc/fqn013
  • Sperberg-McQueen, C.M.; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2008. Markup Discontinued: Discontinuity in TexMecs, Goddag structures, and rabbit/duck grammars. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 1. doi: 10.4242/BalisageVol1.Sperberg-McQueen01
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2006. Philosophy Case Study. Article, pages 181-196. In:
    • Burnard, Lou; O'Keeffe, Katherine O'Brien; Unsworth, John. 2006. Electronic Textual Editing. Modern Language Association of America. 419 pages. ISBN: 0-87352-970-7.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2004. Digitaliseringen av Holbergs samlede skrifter. artikkel, pages 147-160. In:
    • Teilmann, Peter Christensen; Sivertsen, Gunnar. 2004. Ind i Holbergs fjerde århundrede. Museum Tusculanums Forlag. 206 pages. ISBN: 8772898909.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2004. Text Technology and Textual Criticism. Linguistica Computazionale. XX-XXI: 259-275.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2004. Scholarly Text Processing and Future Markup Systems. artikkel, pages 217-233. In:
    • Braungart, Georg; Eibl, Karl; Jannidis, Fotis. 2004. Jahrbuch für Computerphilologie. Mentis Verlag GmbH. 237 pages. ISBN: 3897850362.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 2004. Editorial Principles of Wittgenstein's Nachlass: The Bergen Electronic Edition. artikkel, pages 113-127. In:
    • Buzzetti, Dino; Pancaldi, Giuliano; Short, Harold. 2004. Augmenting Comprehension. Digital Tools and the History of Ideas. 211 pages. ISBN: 1-897791-18-6.
  • Sperberg-McQueen, CM; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2004. GODDAG: A data structure for overlapping hierarchies. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 2023: 139-160.
  • Dubin, David; Sperberg-McQueen, C. Michael; Renear, Allen H.; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2003. A logic programming environment for document semantics and inference. Literary & Linguistic Computing. 18: 225-233.
  • Sperberg-McQueen, C.M.; Huitfeldt, Claus. 2001. Markup Discontinued. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies. 1.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus; Biggs, Michael. 1997. Philosophy and Electronic Publishing. Theory and Metatheory in the Development of Text Encoding. The Monist. 80: 348-367.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 1995. Multi-Dimensional Texts in a One-Dimensional Medium. Computers and the Humanities. 28: 235-241.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 1994. Toward a Machine-Readable Version of Wittgenstein's Nachlass: Some Editorial Problems. Editio : Internationales Jahrbuch für Editionswissenschaft. 6: 37-43.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 1994. Computerizing Wittgenstein - The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen. Kapittel, pages 275-294. In:
    • Johannessen, Kjell S.; Larsen, Rolf O.; Åmås, Knut Olav. 1994. Wittgenstein and Norway. 322 pages.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 1992. The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen - Annual Report 1991. (Norwegian-English parallel text.). [Mangler utgivernavn]. 47 pages.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus; Henry, Paul. 1992. Multi-Dimensional Texts in a One-Dimensional Medium. Working Papers from the Wittgenstein Archives at the UiB. 5. Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen. 142 pages.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 1991. The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen - Background, Project Plan and Annual Report 1990. (Norwegian-English parallel text.). [Mangler utgivernavn]. 60 pages.
  • Huitfeldt, Claus. 1991. Das Wittgenstein-Archiv der Universit@æt Bergen. Hintergrund und erster Arbeitsbericht mit Nachtrag: Wittgenstein-Nachla@s: Nothing is hidden. Mitteilungen aus dem Brenner-Archiv. 10: 93-106.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)