My research interests focus on migration and the ethnic and religious diversity and the social challenges and opportunities created (e.g. multiculturalism, populism, Islamophobia) in contemporary cities. I have worked on projects in Belfast, London, Copenhagen, Oslo, Kristiansand, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Krakow and Leipzig. I have used several methods to investigate this field, including surveys, interviews, ethnography and social media analysis. Two recently completed projects (I am still writing up publications!) are Cultural Conflict 2.0 (https://cc2.mediated.eu/) - which examined how social media reshapes social relations in cities in Norway, Denmark and the Netherlands - and Reaching for a New Sense of Connection (https://research.kent.ac.uk/understandingunbelief/research/research-projects-2/herbert-and-bullock/), which investigated how young people with no religion are finding new ways to connect with each other around existential and political questions in ten European cities.
- 2020. Social Media and Spatial Justice: Instagram, place and recursive logics if exclusion in Northern European cities. 18 pages.
- 2020. Reaching for a new sense of connection: soft atheism and ‘patch and make do’ spirituality amongst nonreligious European millennials. Culture and Religion. 21 pages.
- 2019. “When You Live Here, That’s What You Get”: Other-, Ex-, and Non-Religious Outsiders in the Norwegian Bible Belt. Religions. 1-16.
- 2018. The Legacy of the Good Friday Agreement Northern Irish Politics, Culture and Art after 1998. Palgrave Macmillan.
- 2018. Introduction. 1-14.
- 2018. Cultural Conflict 2.0. .
- 2018. Attitudes: Tendencies and Variations. 17 pages.
- 2016. Social Media and Multicultural City: A North European Comparison.
- 2016. Political Culture 2.0? Religion, Migration, Social Media and the Public Sphere in Denmark and Norway 2006-16.
- 2016. On Lefebvre and Instagram: Spatial Justice in the Network Society.
- 2016. Causes of the Dutch multicultural reversal: A cautionary tale about being too democratic in the media age. 13 pages.
- 2015. Theorising Religious Republicisation in Europe: Religion, Media and Public Controversy in the Netherlands and Poland . 17 pages.
- 2015. Theorising Cultural Conflict 2.0: a Lefebvrian approach to the dynamics of religio-cultural conflict.
- 2015. The Mediatisation of Cultural Conflict in N European Multicultural Cities.
- 2014. Religion, Detraditionalization and Backlashes Against Multiculturalism in Northern Europe: a Comparison of Dutch, Northern Irish and English Cases .
- 2014. Racism in the Netherlands: a social scientific analysis of the dynamics of the Dutch Multicultural Backlash . Frame Journal of Literary Studies.
- 2014. Gay Men’s Interpretation of the Bible. III: Islam. . In:
- 2014. Encyclopedia of the Bible and its reception : 9 : Field - Gennesaret.
- 2013. Social media and religious change. Walter de Gruyter (De Gruyter).
- 2013. Religion and Civil Society: theoretical reflections. 33 pages.
- 2013. Paradise Lost? Islamophobia, Post-liberalism and the Dismantling of State Multiculturalism in the Netherlands: the role of mass and socal media. 24 pages.
- 2013. Introduction: Social Media and Religious Change. 14 pages.
- 2013. Creating Community Cohesion: religion, media and multiculturalism.
- 2013. Arguing about religion: BBC World Service Internet forums as sites of postcolonial encounter. Journal of Postcolonial Writing. 519-538.
- 2012. What Kind of Global Conversation? Participation, democratic deepening a nd public diplomacy through BBC World Service online forums: an examina tion of mediated global talk about religion and politics. 19 pages.
- 2012. Spectacular and Banal Activism:Islam, Islamophobia, and the role of social and mass media in Dutch culture wars.
- 2012. Religion, Mediatization and Politics: Islam and crises of multiculturalism in the UK, Netherlands and France.
- 2012. Media and the Collapse of Dutch Multiculturalism: a cautionary tale about being too democratic in the media age.
- 2012. Diasporas and diplomacy: cosmopolitan contact zones at the BBC World Service, 1932-2012. Routledge.
- 2012. Civil Society. 18 pages.
- 2011. Why has religion gone public again? Towards a theory of media and religious re-publicization.
- 2011. Theorising Religion and Media in Contemporary Societies: an Account of Religious "Publicisation". European Journal of Cultural Studies. 626-648.
- 2011. Editorial: Special Issue on Religion, Media and Socio-cultural Change. European Journal of Cultural Studies. 601-609.
- 2011. A Sociological Perspective on the Public Signficance of Religion: from Secularization to 'Publicization'. 30 pages.
- 2010. The Mumbai attacs and diasporic nationalism: BBC World Service online forums as conflict, contact and comfort zones. South Asian Diaspora. 109-129.
- 2010. The Impact of the Nordic network for the mediatization of religion and culture on media studies and sociology of religion in the Nordic context.
- 2010. Secularisms as cultural and political formations: their implications for the co-existence of religions in contemporary multi-religious civil societies.
- 2010. Religion in the Public Sphere: an Appraisal of Theory.
- 2010. Religion in Public Life: Must Faith Be Privatised? Religion, State and Society. 427-430.
- 2010. Public Sphere or Public Screen? An Analysis of Forums Discussing Religion Linked to BBC World Service News and Current Affairs Programmes.
- 2010. Pragmatic Pluralism: a Critical Evaluation of 'Faith' in UK Government Community Cohesion Policies 2001-10.
- 2010. 'European Enlargement, Secularisation and Religious Republication in Central and Eastern Europe'. 17 pages.
Some recent publications:
2020 ‘Social Media and Spatial Justice: Instagram, Status Competition and the Deepening of Urban Exclusion in Northern Europe’ Chapter 2 in Spatial Justice in the City ed. Sophie Watson (London: Routledge), see: https://books.google.no/books/about/Spatial_Justice_in_the_City.html
2019 “Religion and The Dynamics of Right Wing Populism in Poland: Impacts, Causes, Prospects”. Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe 12 (1): 23-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.20413/rascee.2019.12.1.23-37
2019 ‘Legacies of 1998: What Kind of Social Peace Has Developed in Northern Ireland? Social Attitudes, Inequality and Territoriality’ in Charles Armstrong, David Herbert and Jan Eric Mustad The Legacy of 1998: Northern Irish Politics, Culture and Art after the Good Friday Agreement. (London: Palgrave MacMillan, Compromise After Conflict Series)
2019 ‘A Different Dynamic? Explaining Prejudice Against Muslims in the Russian Federation: Islamophobia or Internalized Racial Hierarchy?’ EEGA Leibniz Science Campus Special Issue 1: 45-53.
2019 with Fisher-Høyrem, S. ‘“When You Live Here, That’s What You Get”: Other-, Ex-, and Non-Religious Outsiders in the Norwegian Bible Belt’ Religions 2019, 10, 611; doi:10.3390/rel10110611
2018 with Janna Hansen, ‘‘You are no longer my flesh and blood’: Social Media and the Negotiation of a Hostile Media Frame by Danish ‘Reverts’ to Islam’ Nordic Journal of Religion and Society. 31 (1): 4-21 (anonymous peer reviewed)
2018 ‘Perspectives: Theorizing Mediatized Civic Settings and Cultural Conflict in Scandinavia’ in K. Kundby ed. Contesting Religion: The Media Dynamics of Cultural Conflict in Scandinavia (New York: De Gruyter) 155-170 (anonymous peer reviewed)
2018 with Janna Hansen, ‘Life in the Spotlight: How Danish Muslims Cope with a Hostile Media Frame’ in K. Kundby ed. Contesting Religion: The Media Dynamics of Cultural Conflict in Scandinavia (New York: De Gruyter) 205-223 (anonymous peer reviewed)
2018 with Mia Lövheim, Haakon Jernsletten, Knut Lundby, Stig Hjarvard, ‘Attitudes to Religious Diversity: A Survey and Comparisons’ in K. Kundby ed. Contesting Religion: The Media Dynamics of Cultural Conflict in Scandinavia (New York: De Gruyter). 33-50 (anonymous peer reviewed)