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  • E-mailDavid.Sam@uib.no
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    Christiesgt. 12
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    Postboks 7807
    5020 BERGEN
  • David Lackland SAM is a professor of cross-cultural psychology at the University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.  Sam obtained a B. Sc. (Honors) degree in psychology from the University of Ghana, before migrating to Norway as a student, where he completed his PhD.  Sam divides his position at the University of Bergen between the Department of Psychosocial Science (Faculty of Psychology) and the Centre for International Health, Global health and Primary Health Care (Faculty of Medicine). He teaches courses in cross-cultural psychology, medical anthropology and cultural psychiatry. His research interests include psychology of acculturation, and the role of culture in health. Sam has published extensively on young immigrants’ psychological adaptation in general, and from a cross-cultural comparative perspective.  Sam was co-editor of two books on acculturation (in 2006), and a co-author of the 3rd edition of Cross-cultural psychology: Research and applications, published by Cambridge University Press, 2011.  His 2016 book:  the 2nd edition of the Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology, received the 2017 outstanding book award from the International Academy for Intercultural Research (IAIR). He co-edited with John W. Berry the 4-volume anthology on Cross-cultural psychology, published in 2018 by Routledge.  Sam was Deputy Secretary General of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology (IACCP) and is a fellow of the International Academy of Intercultural Relations (IAIR).

     

    RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Psychological adaptation of ethnocultural youths
  • Cross-cultural studies on immigrants, refugees and international students
  • Intercultural relations
  • Values and social beliefs
  • Culture and health
  • Migration and health
  • Factors influencing hazardous emigration from Africa
  • Civic and political
  • Cyberbullying from cross-cultural perspective
  • Determinants of inclusive integration

Google scholar citation index

Latest books:  

David L. Sam & John W. Berry (Eds), (2017) Routledge Major Reference Works: Cross-Cultural Psychology—Critical Concepts in Psychology in Four Volumes. Vol 1: Theory and Method; Vol 2:  Basic Processes I – Development, Social and Personality; Vol 3: Basic Processes II – Cognition, Perception, Emotions, Language and Acculturation and Vol 4: Applied issues.  Routledge: Oxford, UK.  www.routledge.com/9781138848375

Sam, D. L. & Berry, J. W. (2016). The Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology, 2nd edition. 

http://www.cambridge.org/no/academic/subjects/psychology/social-psycholo...

Selected latest publications

Sam,  D.  L.,  (2012).  Psychology  of  acculturation:  New  advances  and  future     directions.International Journal of Psychology. 47: 221-221.

Sam, D. L., & Horenczyk, G. (2012). Immigrant youth adaptation in context.  In C. Gracia  Coll). The impact of immigration on children’s development. Contributions to Human Development, 24, 64 – 76

Leung, K Y; Lam, B. C.P.; Bond, M. H., Conway, L. G., Gornick, LJ., Amponsah, B. Boehnke, K., Dragolov, G., Burgess, S. M; Golestaneh, M.B, Holger, Hofer, Jan; Espinosa, A del C.  D; Fardis, M., Ismail, R. Kurman, J; Lebedeva, N., Tatarko, A N.; Sam, David Lackland; Teixeira, M. L. M., Yamaguchi, S., Fukuzawa, Ai, Zhang. J. Zhou, F. (2012) Developing and evaluating the social axioms survey in eleven countries: its relationship with the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 43.(5) 833-857

Kunst, J. R., Tajamal, H., Sam, D. L., & Ulleberg, P. (2012). Coping with Islamophobia: The effects of religious stigma on Muslim minorities' identity formation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36(4), 518-532. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.12.014

Kunst, J. R., Sam, D. L., & Ulleberg, P. (2013). Perceived Islamophobia: Scale development and validation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37(2), 225-237. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2012.11.001

Kunst, J. R., & Sam, D. L. (2013). Relationship between perceived acculturation expectations and Muslim minority youth’s acculturation and adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.04.007

Kunst, J. R., & Sam, D. L. (2013) Expanding the margins of identity: A critique of marginalization in a globalized world. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation,

Sam, D. L., Jasinskaja-Lathi, Horenczyk, G., & Vedder, P. (2013). Migration and integrations: Some psychological perspectives on mutual acculturation. Zeitschrifts für Psychologie/Journal of Psychology. Zeitschrifts für Psychologie/Journal of Psychology, 221. 203-204

Horenczyk, G., Jasinskaja-Lahti., Sam, D. L. & Vedder, P. (2013). Mutuality in acculturation: Analysis and integration of models. Zeitschrifts für Psychologie/Journal of  Psychology, 221, 205 - 213

Berry, J. W & Sam, D.L. (2013). Accommodating cultural diversity and achieving equity: An Introduction to psychological dimensions of multiculturalism. European Psychologist 18. 151-157

Kunst, J. R. & Sam, D. L., (2013) Expanding the margins of identity: A critique of marginalization in a globalized world. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation 2, 225 -241

Kunst, J. R., & Sam, D. L., (2014) “It’s on Time That They Assimilate” – Differential acculturation expectations towards first and second generation immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 39, 188-195

Spjeldnæs, I. O., Moland, K-M., Harris, J & Sam, D. L. (2013). Responsible mothering in Limpopo, South Africa: Perspectives of adolescents.  Psychology & Society

Kunst, J R.; Thomsen, L., & Sam, D. L. (2014). Late Abrahamic reunion? Religious fundamentalism negatively predicts dual Abrahamic group categorization among Muslims and Christians. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 337 -348

Bye, H. H., Horverak, J. G., Sandal, G. M., Sam, D. L., & van de Vijver, F. J.R. (2014). Cultural fit and ethnic background in the job interview. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 14, 7 - 26

Iversen, V. C., Sam, D. L., & Helvik, A-S (2014) Psychological distress and perceived health in inmates in Norwegian prisons. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 42, 171 – 176

Sandal, G. M., van de Vijver, F. J.R., Bye, H. H., Sam, D. L., Amponsah, B., Cakar, N., Franke, G. H., Ismail, R., Kjellsen, K., Kosic, A., Leontieva, A. M., Shahrnaz, Sun., & Tien-Lun, C. (2014). Intended Self-Presentation Tactics in Job Interviews: A 10-Country    Study.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 45: 939-958. doi: 10.1177/0022022114532353

Spjeldnæs,  I.  O.,  Moland,  K-M.,  Harris,  J  &  Sam,  D. L.  (2014).  Responsible  mothering in Limpopo, South Africa: Perspectives of adolescents. 6 (2), 57 – 77

Kunst, J. R., Thomsen, L., Sam, D. L., & Berry, J. W., (2015). “We Are in This Together”: Common Group Identity Predicts Majority Members’ Active Acculturation Efforts to Integrate Immigrants. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. doi: 10.1177/0146167215599349

Sam, D. L., Tetteh, D. K., Amponsah, B (2015). Satisfaction with life and psychological symptoms among International students in Ghana and  their  correlates.  International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 49, 156-167;

Sam, D. L. (2015). Acculturation. In. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol X.  Oxford:  Elsevier, pp. 68 – 74. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.24034-8

Sam, D. L., (2016) Heart and mind. In Hua, Z., & Komisarof, A. (eds). Crossing Boundaries and Weaving Intercultural Work, Life and Scholarship in Globalizing Universities, pp. 67 - 77) London: Routledge

Jamaludin, N. L., Sam, D. L., Sandal, G. M., & Adam, A. A. (2016). The influence of perceived discrimination, orientation to mainstream culture and life satisfaction on destination-loyalty intentions: the case of international students. Current Issues in Tourism, 1-16.  DOI: 10.1080/13683500.2015.1119102

Jamaludin, N. L., Sam, D. L., Sandal, G. M., & Adam, A. A. (2016). . Personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intention of international students. SpringerPlus20165:720 DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-2439-3

Aby-Rayya, H., & Sam, D. L. (i2017). Is Integration the Best Way to Acculturate? A Re- examination of the Bicultural-Adaptation Relationship in the “ICSEY-Data Set”Using the Bilineal Method.  Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 46, 287 - 293.

Sam, D. L. (2017).  Multiculturalism.  In F. M. Moghaddam (Ed).  The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political behavior (pp 504 – 507). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc

Sam, D. L., Bruce, D., Agyemand, C. B., Amponsah, B., & Arkofrul, H. (in press(.  Cyberbullying victimization in among high school and university students in Ghana.  Deviant Behavior

Sam, D. L. (in press). Understanding positive immigrant youth adaptation in the context of multiculturalismSam. Journal of Adolescence, .doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.08.007. 

Buchanan, E., Abu-Rayya, H. M., Kashima, E., Paxton, S. J., & Sam, D. L. (in press).  Perceived discrimination, language proficiencies, and adaptation: Comparisons between refugee and non-refugee immigrant youth in Australia.  International Journal of Intercultural Relations.

 

Academic article
  • Tahir, Hajra; Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland. 2019. Threat, anti-western hostility and violence among European muslims: The mediating role of acculturation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 74-88.
  • English, Alexander S.; Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland. 2019. Climatic effects on the sociocultural and psychological adaptation of migrants within China: A longitudinal test of two competing perspectives. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 244-255.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Wanjohi, Racheal N; Akotia, Charity S. 2019. Civic engagement and participation among Ghanaian and Kenyan students and their correlates. Journal of Civil Society. 42-61.
  • Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga; Celikkol, Göksu; Renvik, Tuuli Anna; Eskelinen, Viivi; Vetik, Raivo; Sam, David Lackland. 2018. When psychological contract is violated: Revisiting the rejection-disidentification model of immigrant integration. The Journal of Social and Political Psychology. 484-510.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2018. Understanding positive immigrant youth adaptation in the context of multiculturalism. Journal of Adolescence. 222-225.
  • Buchanan, Zachary E; Abu-Rayya, Hisham M; Kashima, Emiko S.; Paxton, Susan J; Sam, David Lackland. 2018. Perceived discrimination, language proficiencies, and adaptation: Comparisons between refugee and non-refugee immigrant youth in Australia. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 105-112.
  • Filus, Ania; Schwarz, Beate; Mylonas, Kostas; Sam, David Lackland; Boski, Pawel. 2018. Parenting and Late Adolescents' Well-Being in Greece, Norway, Poland and Switzerland: Associations with Individuation from Parents. Journal of Child and Family Studies.
  • Jamaludin, Nor Lelawati Binti; Sam, David Lackland; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim. 2018. Destination Motivation, Cultural Orientation,and Adaptation: International Students’ Destination-Loyalty Intention. Journal of International Students. 38-65.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Bruce, Delphine; Agyemang, Collins B; Amponsah, Benjamin; Arkorful, Helen. 2018. Cyberbullying Victimization among High School and University Students in Ghana. Deviant Behavior.
  • Abu-Rayya, Hisham M; Sam, David Lackland. 2017. Is integration the best way to acculturate? A reexamination of the bicultural-adaptation relationship in the ?ICSEY dataset? using the bilineal method. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 287-293.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Sadeghi, Talieh; Tahir, Hajra; Sam, David Lackland; Thomsen, Lotte. 2016. The vicious circle of religious prejudice: Islamophobia makes the acculturation attitudes of majority and minority members clash. European Journal of Social Psychology. 249-259.
  • Jamaludin, Nor Lelawati Binti; Sam, David Lackland; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Adam, A.A. 2016. The influence of perceived discrimination, orientation to mainstream culture and life satisfaction on destination loyalty intentions: The case of international students. Current Issues in Tourism. 934-949.
  • Jamaludin, Nor Lelawati Binti; Sam, David Lackland; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Adam, Ainul Azreen. 2016. Personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intention of international students. SpringerPlus. 1-11.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Thomsen, Lotte; Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2015. “We Are in This Together”: Common Group Identity Predicts Majority Members’ Active Acculturation Efforts to Integrate Immigrants. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 1438-1453.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Tetteh, Docia Kordai; Amponsah, Benjamin. 2015. Satisfaction with life and psychological symptoms among international students in Ghana and their correlates. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 156-167.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland. 2014. “It’s on time that they assimilate” – differential acculturation expectations towards first and second generation immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 188-195.
  • Iversen, Valentina C.; Sam, David Lackland; Helvik, Anne-Sofie. 2014. Psychological distress and perceived health in inmates in Norwegian prisons. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 171-176.
  • Spjeldnæs, Ingrid Onarheim; Moland, Karen Marie; Harris, Janet; Sam, David Lackland. 2014. Mothering in Limpopo, South Africa: Perspectives of adolescents . Psychology & Society.
  • Spjeldnæs, Ingrid Onarheim; Sam, David Lackland; Harris, Janet; Moland, Karen Marie. 2014. Mothering in Limpopo, South Africa: Perspectives of adolescents . Psychology & Society.
  • Moland, Karen Marie; Harris, Janet; Sam, David Lackland. 2014. Mothering in Limpopo, South Africa: Perspectives of adolescents. Psychology & Society.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Thomsen, Lotte; Sam, David Lackland. 2014. Late Abrahamic reunion? Religious fundamentalism negatively predicts dual Abrahamic group categorization among Muslims and Christians. European Journal of Social Psychology. 337-348.
  • Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; van de Vijver, Fons J.R.; Bye, Hege Høivik; Sam, David Lackland; Amponsah, Benjamin; Cakar, Nigar; Franke, Gabriele H.; Ismail, Rosnah; Kjellsen, Kristine; Kosic, Ankica; Leontieva, Anna; Mortazavi, Shahrnaz; Sun, Catherine Tien-Lun. 2014. Intended Self-Presentation Tactics in Job Interviews: A 10-Country Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 939-958.
  • Bye, Hege Høivik; Horverak, Jøri Gytre; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Sam, David Lackland; van de Vijver, Fons J.R. 2014. Cultural fit and ethnic background in the job interview. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management. 7-26.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland. 2013. Relationship between perceived acculturation expectations and Muslim minority youth's acculturation and adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 477-490.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland; Ulleberg, Pål. 2013. Perceived islamophobia: Scale development and validation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 225-237.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Jasinskaja Lahti, Inga; Horenczyk, Gabriel; Vedder, Paul. 2013. Migration and integration: some psychological perspectives on mutual acculturation. Zeitschrift für Psychologie. 203-204.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland. 2013. Expanding the margins of identity: a critique of marginalization in a globalized world. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation. 225-241.
  • Leung, Kwok Yin; Lam, Ben C.P.; Bond, Michael Harris; Conway, Lucian Gideon; Gornick, Laura Janelle; Amponsah, Benjamin; Boehnke, Klaus; Dragolov, Georgi; Burgess, Steven Michael; Golestaneh, Maha; Busch, Holger; Hofer, Jan; Espinosa, Alejandra del Carmen Dominguez; Fardis, Makon; Ismail, Rosnah; Kurman, Jenny; Lebedeva, Nadezdha; Tatarko, Alexander N.; Sam, David Lackland; Teixeira, Maria Luisa Mendes; Yamaguchi, Susumu; Fukuzawa, Ai; Zhang, Jianxin; Zhou, Fan. 2012. Developing and evaluating the social axioms survey in eleven countries: its relationship with the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 833-857.
  • Kunst, Jonas Rønningdalen; Tajamal, Hajra; Sam, David Lackland; Ulleberg, Pål. 2012. Coping with Islamophobia: The effects of religious stigma on Muslim minorities' identity formation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 518-532.
  • Bye, Hege Høivik; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; van de Vijver, Fons J.R.; Sam, David Lackland; Çakar, Nigar Demircan; Franke, Gabriele Helga. 2011. Personal values and intended self-presentation during job interviews: A cross-cultural comparison. Applied Psychology. 160-182.
  • Spjeldnæs, Ingrid Onarheim; Moland, Karen Marie; Harris, Janet; Sam, David Lackland. 2011. Being man enough: Fatherhood experiences and expectations among teenage boys in South Africa. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers. 3-21.
  • Berry, John W.; Phinney, Jean S; Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul. 2010. Immigrant Youth: Acculturation, Identity and Adaptation. Zeitschrift für Pädagogik. 17-43.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2010. Acculturation: when individuals and groups of different cultural backgrounds meet. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 472-481.
  • Vedder, Paul; Berry, John; Sabatier, Colette; Sam, David Lackland. 2009. The intergenerational transmission of values in national and immigrant families: The role of Zeitgeist. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 642-653.
  • Fandrem, Hildegunn; Sam, David Lackland; Roland, Erling. 2009. Depressive Symptoms Among Native and Immigrant Adolescents in Norway: The Role of Gender and Urbanization. Social Indicators Research. 91-109.
  • Fandrem, Hildegunn; Sam, David Lackland; Roland, Erling. 2009. Depressive Symptoms Among Native and Immigrant Adolescents in Norway: The Role of Gender and Urbanization. Social Indicators Research. 91-109.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Amponsah, Benjamin; Hetland, Jørn. 2008. Values of children among Sub-Sahran African women: The case of Ghanaian women. Journal of Psychology in Africa. 521-530.
  • Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Brunborg, Geir Scott; Sam, David Lackland. 2008. Rekruttering i flerkulturelle samfunn. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 329-335.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul; Liebkind, Karmela; Neto, Felix; Virta, Erkki. 2008. Immigration, acculturation and the paradox of adaptation in Europe. European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 138-158.
  • Vedder, Paul; Sam, David Lackland; Liebkind, Karmela. 2007. The Acculturation and Adaption of Turkish Adolescents in North-Western Europe. Applied Developmental Science. 126-136.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Moland, Karen Marie; Peltzer, karl; Spjeldnæs, Ingrid Onarheim. 2007. Continuity and change in reproductive attitudes of teenage women, their mothers, and maternal grandmothers in South africa. South African Journal of Psychology. 856-877.
  • Spjeldnæs, Ingrid Onarheim; Sam, David Lackland; Moland, Karen Marie; Peltzer, Karl. 2007. Continuity and change in reproductive attitudes of teenage women, their mothers, and maternal grandmothers in South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology. 856-877.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Working in a multicultural society: Challenges for the Norwegian Psychologist. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 1268-1275.
  • Kosic, Ankica; Mannetti, Lucia; Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Self-monitoring: a moderating role between acculturation strategies of immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 141-157.
  • Kosic, Ankica; Mannetti, Lucia; Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Self-monitoring: A moderating role between acculturation strategies and adaptation of immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 141-157.
  • Berry, John W; Phinney, Jean S; Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul. 2006. Immigrant youth: Acculturation, identity, and adaptation. Applied Psychology. 303-332.
  • Hjertnes, Lillian; Lindstrøm, Torill Christine; Sam, David Lackland. 2005. Østlige og vestlige psykoterapeutiske tradisjoner - forskjeller knyttet til mestring og kontroll. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 395-403.
  • Hjertnes, Lillian; Lindstrøm, Torill Christine; Sam, David Lackland. 2005. Østerlige og vestlige psykoterapeutiske tradisjoner – forskjelliger knyttet til mrstring og knotroll. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 395-403.
  • Kosic, Ankica; Mannetti, Lucia; Sam, David Lackland. 2005. The role of majority attitudes towards out-group in the perception of the acculturation strategies of immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 273-288.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Peltzer, Karl; Meyer, Boris. 2005. The changing values of children and preferences regarding family size in south Africa. Applied Psychology. 355-377.
  • Bond, Michael Harris; Leug, Kwok; Au, Al; Sam, David Lackland. 2004. Cultural-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates in 41 cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 548-570.
  • Virta, Erkki; Sam, David Lackland; Westin, Charles. 2004. Adolescents with Turkish background in Norway and Sweden: A comparative study of their psychological adaptation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 15-25.
  • Virta, E; Sam, David Lackland; Westin, C. 2004. Adolescents with Turkish background in Norway and Sweden: A comparative study of their psychological adaptation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 15-25.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2003. Intergenerational value discrepancies in immigrant and host-national families and their impact on psychological adaptation. Journal of Adolescence. 213-231.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Moreira, V. 2002. The mutual embededness of culture and mental illness. Online Readings in Culture and Psychology.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Oppedal, Brit. 2002. Acculturation as a developmental pathway. Online Readings in Culture and Psychology.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2001. Satisfaction with life among international students: An exploratory study. Social Indicators Research. 315-337.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2001. Satisfaction with life among international students: An exploratory study. Social Indicators Research. 315-337.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2000. Psychological adaptation of adolescents with immigrant backgrounds. Journal of Social Psychology. 5-25.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2000. Psychological adaptation of adolescents with immigrant backgrounds. Journal of Social Psychology. 5-25.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1999. Psychological adaptation of adolescents with immigrant background. Journal of Social Psychology.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1998. Predicting life satisfaction among adolescents from immigrant families in Norway. Ethnicity and Health. 5-18.
  • van Selm, Karin; Sam, David Lackland; van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter. 1997. Life staisfaction and competence of Bosnia refugees in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 143-149.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1997. Kultur: et mangelende ledd i psykologien som vitenskapen om menneskelig adferd. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 579-586.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1995. Acculturative stress among young immigrants in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 10-24.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1995. Acculturation attitudes among young immigrants as a function of perceived parental attitudes toward cultural change. Journal of Early Adolescence. 238-258.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1994. Psychological adjustment of young immigrants in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 240-253.
  • Thuen, Frode; Sam, David Lackland. 1994. Bruk av sikkerhetsutstyr blant unge innvandrere i Norge. En sammenligning med norske barn. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. 195-198.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Eide, Rune. 1991. Survey of mental health of foreign students. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 22-30.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1991. Emosjonell tilpasning hos unge innvandrere i Norge. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 789-797.
Lecture
  • Sam, David Lackland; Vetik, Raivo. 2017. Relational Acculturation Model in Context: Positioning Among Russians and Norwegians With Respect to the Norwegian Labor Market.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2016. Realizing the full potential of cultural diversity.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Wanjohi, R; Akotia, Charity S.; Kekesi, E. 2016. Measurement invariance of the refines Schwartz value scale among University students in Ghana and Kenya.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2016. Immigrants and refugees: Personal assets and vulnerabilities for health and wellbeing .
  • Sam, David Lackland; Tetteh, Docia Kordai. 2013. The Role of Psychology in Addressing Societal Challenges.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Amponsah, Benjamin. 2013. Satisfaction with life among International students at the University of Ghana.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1998. Using structural equation modeling (EQS) to test cross-national factorial validity of a measuring instrument.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1998. School adjustment of ethnocultural adolescents in Norway. Differences and similarities among five ethnic groups.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1998. Ethnic identity and acculturation preferences among four ethnic groups in Norway: Relationships and predictors.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1994. Acculturation attitudes among young immigrants in Norway.
Academic lecture
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2017. What next “after the door has been opened”?
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2017. Migration and Mutuality in Acculturation: Towards harmonious multicultural societies.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Vetik, Raivo; Makarova, Marianna; Raudsepp, Maaris. 2017. Examining The Multiculturalism Hypothesis In Norway.
  • Bruce, Delphine; Opoku, J. Y; Danquah, Samuel; Sam, David Lackland. 2016. The role of culture and psychoeducation in definition of stroke symptoms, treatment, selection and perceived recovery: A case study of Ghanaian stroke patient.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2016. Testing the multiculturalism hypothesis among Russiann- speaking immigrants and ethnic Norwegians in Norway.
  • Wanjohi, R; Sam, David Lackland; Akotia, Charity S.; Kekesi, E. 2016. Civic engagement and paticpation among Ghaianan and Kenyan students and their correlates.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Amponsah, Benjamin; Tetteh, Docia Kordai. 2014. Psychological adaptation of International students in Ghana and their correlates.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Sam, David Lackland. 2013. A Critical Investigation of Marginalization as an Acculturation Strategy in a Globalized World.
  • Kunst, Jonas R.; Tajamal, Hajra; Sam, David Lackland; Ulleberg, Pål. 2012. The influences of religious stigma on Muslim minorities’ national affiliation and engagement.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2012. Increased father involvement in child-upbringing and its e!ect on psychological development.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Horenczyk, Gabriel. 2011. Adaptation of youth from immigrant families: The role of society of settlement.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2010. Families across-cultures: Some Preliminary Findings from Norway.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2010. Applied cross-cultural psychology. Where can we make meaningful contributions in the area of health?
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2010. Acculturation of young developing people: A theoretical perspective.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2009. Variation in immigrant youth adaptation: Role of society of settlement, acculturation profiles and ethnicity.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2009. Positive immigrant youth development.
  • Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; van de Vijver, Fons J.R.; Bye, Hege Høivik; Sam, David Lackland. 2009. Intended self-presentation in job interviews: A 10-country study.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Amponsah, Benjamin; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Bye, Hege Høivik. 2008. The relationship between social axioms and self-monitoring among Ghanaian university students.
  • Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Schwartz, Shalom Hillel; Kjellsen, Kristine; Breivik, Einar; Sam, David Lackland. 2008. Self-presentation and personal values in the employment interview: A comparison between Afro-American and Euro-American student.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2008. Psychological and socicultural adaptation of immigrant youth.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2007. Intergenerational value discrepancies in immigrant and domestic families and their impact on psychological and sociocultural adaptation.
  • Bye, Hege Høivik; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Sam, David Lackland; Kjellsen, Kristine; Mortazavi, Shahrnaz; van de Vijver, Fons J.R. 2007. Cross-cultural differences in behaviour during job interviews: Comparisons between Norway, USA, Iran and Ghana.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2007. Acculturation of immigrant youth: The challenges for Dvelopmental psychologists.
  • Bye, Hege Høivik; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Sam, David Lackland; Franke, Gabriele helga; Ismail, Rosnah; Kjellsen, Kristine; Leontieva, Anna; Mortazavi, Shahrnaz. 2006. Preliminary Results from the Cross-National Analysis on Desirable Behavior in Job Interviews.
  • Bye, Hege Høivik; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Sam, David Lackland; Mortazavi, Shahrnaz; Ismail, Rosnah; Kjellsen, Kristine; Pallesen, Ståle. 2006. During Interview Behavior - Preliminary Analyses.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2005. Psychological and sociocultural adaptation of immigrant youth: similarities with, and differences from, national youth.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Peltzer, Karl. 2004. Values of children in South Africa.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2004. The Role of Culture in the Diagnosis and Experience of Mental Health in Immigrant and Ordinary Populations.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2004. Psychological and sociocultural adaptation.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2004. Dispersal of immigrants and their implications for policy formation.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2004. Adaptation of children and adolescents with immigrant background: Acculturation or development?
  • Sam, David Lackland; Jenssen, Trine; Verplanken, Bas. 2003. Social axioms among Norwegians. A re-visitation.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2003. Host national identity and its effect on the psychological adaptation of adolescents with immigrant background in Europe.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2002. Intercultural aspects of acculturation.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2001. Value of children: Effects of globalization on fertility behavior and child rearing practices in Ghana.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2001. Social group identity and its effect on self-esteem.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Rise, Jostein. 2001. Social axioms among Norwegian students.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Rise, Jostein. 2001. Social axioms among Norwegian students.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Phinney, Jean S. 2001. International comparative study of ethnocultural youth: Acculturation attitudes and identities.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Phinney, J.S. 2001. International comparative study of ehnocultural adolescents. Inter-cultural issues.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2001. Effects of globalization on fertility behavior and child rearing practices in Ghana.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Liebkind, K. 2001. Acculturation and adaptation: Theoretical and methodological considerations and empirical evidence.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Karmela, Liebkind. 2001. Acculturation and adaptation: Theoretical and methodologica considerations and emoircal evidencel.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2000. Social group identity and its effect on the self-esteem of immigrant adolescents.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2000. Social group identity and its effect on the self-esteem of immigrant adolescents.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2000. Social group identity and its effect on the self-esteem of immigrant adolescents.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2000. International comparative study of ethnocultural youth: Intercultural aspects of acculturation.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2000. International comparative study of ethnocultural youth: Intercultural aspects of acculturation.
  • Virta, Erkki; Sam, David Lackland. 1999. Integration and mental health among adolescents with immigrant background in Norway and Sweden.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1999. Acculturation of ethnocultural adolescents in Europ: Theoretical considerations and empirical finsings.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1997. The place of culture in psychology.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Madden, T. 1996. Role of personal characteristics in psychological adaption of ethnocultural adolescents in Norway.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1996. Behavioural deviance among young immigrants: predicting anti-social behaviours among young boys.
Editorial
  • Sam, David Lackland; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga; Horenczyk, Gabriel; Vedder, Paul. 2013. Migration and Integration Some Psychological Perspectives on Mutual Acculturation. Zeitschrift fur Psychologie mit Zeitschrift fur angewandte Psychologie. 203-204.
  • Berry, John w; Sam, David Lackland. 2013. Accommodating Cultural Diversity and Achieving Equity An Introduction to Psychological Dimensions of Multiculturalism. European Psychologist. 151-157.
  • Berry, John W.; Phinney, Jean S; Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul. 2008. Response to Rudmin's book review of Immigrant Youth in Cultural Transition. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 517-520.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2018. Cross-Cultural Psychology. Critical Concepts in Psychology. Routledge.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge University Press.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Niessen, Eva Lisa; Lidal, Jeanette. 2015. IAIR 2015 Book of Abstracts "Realizing the Potential of Cultural Diversity in Society and at the Workplace". Det psykologiske fakultet.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2009. Adaptation of young immigrants. The double jeopardy of acculturation. Gaudeamus.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2006. The Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology. Cambridge University Press.
  • Berry, John W.; Phinney, Jean S; Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul. 2006. Immigrant youth in cultural transition: Acculturation, identity, and adapation across national contexts. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Non-fiction book
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1995. Unge innvandreres tilpasning i Norge. En psykososial undersøkelse. Tilpasningsstrategier og psykisk tilstand. Hemil-senteret.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1995. Flyktningers psykiske helse. En sosial og forebyggende tilnærming. Hemil-senteret.
Compendium
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1996. Unge etniske minoriteters tilpasning: en utfordring til moderne samfunn.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1989. Welfare of international students: Preliminary report from a questionnaire survey among international students at the University of bergen.
Popular scientific article
  • Sam, David Lackland; Kosic, Ankica; Oppedal, Brit. 2003. Where is "development" in acculturation theories? International Journal of Behavioral Development. 5-5.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1996. Culture a missing link in the psychology science of human behaviour. The Looking Glass. 1-2.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Jamaludin, Nor Lelawati. 2017. The “why” and “how” of International Students’ Ambassadorship Roles in International Education.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1995. Acculturation of young immigrants in Norway : a psychological and socio-cultural adaptation.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Sam, David Lackland; Vetik, Raivo; Makarova, Marianna; Raudsepp, Maaris. 2017. Intercultural Relations in Norway. 20 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2015. Acculturation. 7 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2014. Relationship between culture and psychology. 17 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2014. Multicultural societies. 21 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Horenczyk, Gabriel. 2012. Immigrant youth adaptation in context. The role of society of settlement. 13 pages.
  • Muthukrishna, Anbanithi; Sam, David Lackland. 2011. Deconstructing counseling psychology for the African context. 18 pages.
  • Berry, John w; Sam, David Lackland. 2011. Accultuazione e adattamento dei giovani. 22 pages.
  • Oppedal, Brit; Sam, David Lackland. 2009. Det flerkulturelle Norge: Minoritetsungdommens tilpasning og mentale helse. 19 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2009. Akkulturasjon i flerkulturelle arbeidsmiljøer. 17 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2009. Adaptation of young immigrants: The double jeopardy of acculturation. 14 pages.
  • Vedder, Paul; Sam, David Lackland; van de Vijver, Fons JR; Phinney, Jean S. 2006. Vietnamese and Turkish immigrant youth: Acculturation and adaptation in two ethno-cultural groups. 25 pages.
  • Berry, John W.; Phinney, Jean S; Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul. 2006. Understanding immigrant youth: Conclusions and implications. 24 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul; Ward, Colleen; Horenczyk, Gabriel. 2006. Psychological and sociocultural adaptation of immigrant youth. 25 pages.
  • Berry, John W; Phinney, Jean S; Kwak, Kyunghwa; Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Introduction: Goals and research framework for studying immigrant youth. 14 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2006. Introduction. 7 pages.
  • Berry, John W.; Sam, David Lackland; Rogers, Amanda. 2006. Conclusions. 4 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Acculturation: Conceptual background and core components. 16 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Acculturation of immigrant children and women. 16 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2006. Acculturation and health. 17 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2003. Social group identity and its effect on the self-esteem of adolescents with immigrants background. 27 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Moreira, Virginia. 2002. The mutual embeddedness of culture and mental illness. 2 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Oppedal, Brit. 2002. Acculturation as a developmental pathway. 1 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2001. Social group identity and its effect on the self-esteem of adolescents with immigrant background in Norway and Sweden. 13 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, E. 2001. Social group identity and its effect on the self-esteem of adolescents with immigrant background in Norway and Sweden. 13 pages.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1997. Helse og helseadferd blant innvandreungdom. 12 pages.
  • Berry, John W.; Sam, David Lackland. 1997. Cultural and ethnic factors in health. 7 pages.
  • Berry, John; Sam, David Lackland. 1997. Acculturation and adaption. 36 pages.
  • Berry, J.W.; Sam, David Lackland. 1996. Acculturation and adaption. 36 pages.
Encyclopedia article
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2017. Multiculturalism. 504-507. In:
    • Moghaddam, Fathali. 2017. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior.
Abstract
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2012. Psychology of acculturation: New advances and future directions. International Journal of Psychology. 221-221.
  • Bye, Hege Høivik; Sam, David Lackland; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim. 2008. Measurement equivalence of the interviewing self-efficacy scale across samples from Ghana, Russia, Turkey and Italy. International Journal of Psychology. 306-306.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2004. Disperal of immigrants and their implications for policy formation. International Journal of Psychology.
Poster
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2002. The ICSEY-project. Inter-cultural aspects.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2002. Psychometric properties of acculturation strategies: A structural equation modelling perspective.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, E; Berry, JW; Kwak, K. 2002. Individual differences in perceived discrimination and mental health problems among adolescents with immigrant background. A causal model.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2002. Globalisation and its effects on fertility behaviour among Ghanaian women. Implications for child rearing practies.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2000. Social ideneity and its effect on the self-esteem of adolescent with immigrant backgrounds in Norway and Sweden.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Virta, Erkki. 2000. Social ideneity and its effect on the self-esteem of adolescent with immigrant backgrounds in Norway and Sweden.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1999. Non-response in surveys among immigrants: The role of demographic and psychological factors.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1999. Discrepancies in family values in immigrant and domestic families and their impact on psychological adaptation.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 1998. Discrepancies in family relationships in immigrant and domestic families and their impact on psychological adaptation.
Academic literature review
  • Horenczyk, Gabriel; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga; Sam, David Lackland; Vedder, Paul. 2013. Mutuality in acculturation : toward an integration. 205-213.
  • Guribye, Eugene; Sam, David Lackland. 2008. Beyond Culture: A Review of Studies on Refugees and Mental Health Services in Norway. 81-100.
  • Oppedal, Brit; Røysamb, Espen; Sam, David Lackland. 2004. The effect of acculturation and social support on change in mental health among young immigrants. 481-494.
Introduction
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. Introduction. 1-7.
Chapter
  • Oppedal, Brit; Sam, David Lackland. 2017. Det flerkulturelle Norge: tilpasning og psykisk helse blant ungdom med innvandrerbakgrunn. 106-128. In:
    • Klepp, Knut Inge; Aarø, Leif Edvard. 2017. Ungdom, livsstil og helsefremmende arbeid. Gyldendal Akademisk.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. Theoretical perspectives. 11-29. In:
    • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge University Press.
  • Sam, David Lackland. 2016. Heart and mind: using critical incidents to decipher culture. 67-77. In:
    • Komisarof, Adam; Hua, Zhu. 2016. Crossing boundariies and weaving interculural work, life, and scholarship in globalizing universities. Routledge.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. Health. 504-524. In:
    • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge University Press.
  • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. Conclusions: where are we and where are we headed? 525-531. In:
    • Sam, David Lackland; Berry, John W. 2016. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge University Press.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

  • Culture and its effect on psychological research, theory and practice
  • Acculturation of immigrants, refugees and sojourners
  • Ethnic identity, acculturation strategies and health issues

RIFE – Risking it (all) for Europe

This project is still in its planning phase.  It is going to be a collaborative project involving a number of countries including Greece and Ghana where the goals are among others to (i) understand the underlying motives and (ii) the sustaining factors that propel thousands of young individuals and families to look beyond their habitual country of residence; to look to Europe in their search for “greener pastures”.

DIMA – Determinants of inclusive Migrant integration

This has been an EEA funded comparative study on socio-political and psychological factors that may account for the integration of Russian speakers in Norway and Estonia.  The study has involved both interviewing, focus-group discussions and questionnaire surveys of Russian-speakers in the two countries together with native Norwegians and Estonians.

CIVIC ENGAGEMENT  

This project seeks to understand why post-elections in Kenya are marred by violence in contrast to peaceful post-election transitions in Ghana.  The study examines civic and political participation and engagement among university students in the two countries.

C-BULLY

This project is on Cyberbullying among high school and university students in Ghana.  This is a 3-phase project with the goal of (i) determining the extent of cyberbullying in Ghana and the wellbeing of cyberbullying victims; (ii) develop a psychological portrait of both cyberbullying victims and perpetrators and (iii) understand the cultural factors that sustain cyberbullying in Ghana. A comparative component is currently being planned

Research groups