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My main research interests are comparative public opinion on climate policies, quantitative text analysis in survey research and evidence-based evaluations of cap-and-trade and other CO2 pricing mechanisms. My public opinion research using quantitative text analysis and public opinion surveys has been published in journals such as Nature Climate Change, Global Environmental Change and Energy Policy. I rely primarily on survey questions and survey experiments run by my team on the Norwegian Citizen Panel, a probability-sample online infrastructure for collecting people's views on current matters. I have also used data from other opinion surveys and countries in my publications, including China and Bangladesh. Using more traditional survey questions, I find that people working in the fossil fuel industry are less likely to support climate policies that imply high costs to their industry, but are as likely as everybody else to support policies with lower costs.
My second stream of research involves the political origins, practical operations and effects of cap-and-trade systems and other forms of emission pricing. One of my key findings is that systems with emission caps often experience greater emission cuts than initially expected, which in turn leads to lower permit prices and public criticism, but which also implies that greater cuts are possible at a reasonable price. At the same time, my co-author Michael Mehling (MIT) and I find that taxes on emissions rarely lead to absolute emission reductions, which means that additional instruments are needed if deep decarbonization is the goal. We summarise our argument in the article "Carbon pricing and the 1.5°C target : near-term decarbonisation and the importance of an instrument mix," which was cited in the 1.5°C IPCC report (chapter 2).
I currently serve as a member of the Executive Council for the Science, Technology & Environmental Policy (STEP) section of the American Political Science Association, elected for the 2018-2021 term. Since 2016 I have served on the Editorial Board of the Nature journal Scientific Data, organizing reviews and evaluating data descriptors, and with the overall aim of making the current wealth of research data in the world more available for replication and new analysis. I am furthermore coordinator of the Climate Change and Environment research group of the Norwegian Citizen Panel alongside Gisela Böhm (Psychology, University of Bergen).
In my previous position at Thomson Reuters Point Carbon, I analysed emission trading and climate policies in Europe and internationally, writing subscription-based and consultancy reports, maintaining emission data sets and communicating with customers. This work gave me ideas for research topics for later publications, networks in industry and government, and experience in communicating with non-scientific audiences. I also gained experience running large surveys, which I have built on in my current public opinion work. I believe in data sharing and routinely publicise the data and code for my publications in open depositories.
Tvinnereim E and Fløttum K. (2015) "Explaining topic prevalence in open-ended survey questions on climate change." Nature Climate Change 5: 744–747.
Tvinnereim E and Ivarsflaten E. (2016) "Fossil fuels, employment, and support for climate policies. Energy Policy 96: 364-371 (17 citations).
Mehling, M. and Tvinnereim, E. (2018) "Carbon pricing and the 1.5°C target : near-term decarbonisation and the importance of an instrument mix." Carbon and Climate Law Review, 12 (1). pp. 50-61. (Article cited in the 1.5°C IPCC report, chapter 2.)
- 2020. Who cares about Norway's energy transition? A survey experiment about citizen associations and petroleum. Energy Research & Social Science.
- 2019. Scientific truth or debate: On the link between perceived scientific consensus and belief in anthropogenic climate change. Public Understanding of Science. doi: 10.1177/0963662519865448
- 2019. Associations évoquées par le changement climatique chez des citoyens français et norvégiens. Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies (BeLLS). 10. 12 pages.
- 2019. Bilparken – bare nullutslippsbiler fra 2025? Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin.
- 2019. Olje- og gassutvinning i Lofoten og Vesterålen. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin.
- 2019. Bekymring for klimaendringer. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin.
- 2019. Attitudes to public spending on environmental risk reduction: the role of temporal and spatial distance. Environmental Sociology. 5: 362-373. doi: 10.1080/23251042.2019.1643528
- 2019. Efficient but contentious. One Earth. 1: 8-8. doi: 10.1016/j.oneear.2019.08.020
- 2018. Who opposes climate regulation? Business preferences for the European emission trading scheme. The Review of International Organizations. 1-32. doi: 10.1007/s11558-018-9318-3
- 2018. Norwegian Citizen Panel 2018: Study Documentation and data set. 134 pages.
- 2018. Carbon Pricing and the 1.5°C Target: Near-Term Decarbonisation and the Importance of an Instrument Mix. Carbon and Climate Law Review. 12: 50-61. doi: 10.21552/cclr/2018/1/9
- 2018. Generalization of Classic Question Order Effects across Cultures. Sociological Methods & Research. 1-36. Published 2018-02-28. doi: 10.1177/0049124117747304
- 2018. Carbon pricing and deep decarbonisation. Energy Policy. 121: 185-189. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.06.020
- 2017. Narrative as a method for eliciting tacit knowledge of climate variability in Bangladesh. Weather, Climate, and Society. 9: 669-686. doi: 10.1175/WCAS-D-17-0007.1
- 2017. European Perceptions of Climate Change - Six Recommendations for Public Engagement. Climate Outreach, Oxford. 10 pages.
- 2017. Pricing not enough for deep carbon cuts. Nature. 552: 175-175. Published 2017-12-14. doi: 10.1038/d41586-017-08578-7
- 2017. European Perceptions of Climate Change: Topline findings of a survey conducted in four European countries in 2016. Cardiff University, Cardiff. 72 pages.
- 2017. Citizens' preferences for tackling climate change. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of their freely formulated solutions. Global Environmental Change. 46: 34-41. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.06.005
- 2017. Is support for international climate action conditional on perceptions of reciprocity? Evidence from survey experiments in Canada, the US, Norway, and Sweden. COSMOS, the Journal of the Singapore National Academy of Science. doi: /10.1142/S0219607716500038
- 2017. A contingent valuation study comparing citizen’s willingness-to-pay for climate change mitigation in China and the United States. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies. 20: 451-475. Published 2017-11-15. doi: 10.1007/s10018-017-0202-9
- 2016. European Perceptions of Climate Change. Socio-political profiles to inform a crossnational survey in France, Germany, Norway and the UK. Climate Outreach, Oxford. 73 pages.
- 2016. Folk vil bidra til klimakutt. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin. Published 2016-11-01.
- 2016. Klimaendringer på Svalbard: effekter på naturmangfold og konsekvenser for den fremtidige naturforvaltningen. Delprosjekt: de samfunnsmessige aspektene av klimaendringer på Svalbard. Rokkansenteret Notat. 35 pages.
- 2016. Fossil Fuels, Employment, and Support for Climate Policies. Energy Policy. 96: 364-371. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.05.052
- 2016. Public perceptions of air pollution and climate change: Different manifestations; similar causes and concerns. Climatic Change. 140: 399-412. doi: 10.1007/s10584-016-1871-2
- 2016. Klimaendringer på Svalbard: effekter på naturmangfold og konsekvenser for den fremtidige naturforvaltningen. Norsk Polarinstitutt, Tromsø. 25 pages.
- 2016. Folkelig aksept for klima- og energitiltak i Norge. Samfunnsøkonomen. 130: 77-86.
- 2015. Som du roper i skogen, får du svar. Bergens Tidende. Published 2015-06-25.
- 2015. Klimakvoter: Bedre enn sitt rykte, men langt fra nok. Røyst. 2: 73-80.
- 2015. Explaining topic prevalence in answers to open-ended survey questions about climate change. Nature Climate Change. 5: 744-747. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2663
- 2015. Who supports the EU ETS? Trends in the Carbon Market Survey. Carbon Market Monitor. 11. 5-7.
- 2014. Inducing Information Structures for Data-driven Text Analysis. Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings.
- 2014. The bears are right: Why cap-and-trade yields greater emission reductions than expected, and what that means for climate policy. Climatic Change. 127: 447-461. doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1282-1
- 2014. Når det snakkes om klima, bør vi se oljearbeideren i rommet. Yrke, arbeidsplass og holdninger til klimaendringer. 17, pages 317-334. In:
- 2014. Klima, medier og politikk. Abstrakt forlag. 334 pages. ISBN: 978-82-7935-363-8.
- 2014. Norsk ungdom: Klimaendringene er i stor grad menneskeskapte. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin. Published 2014-05-28.
- 2013. Paths Toward Large, Unilateral Climate Policies: Policy-Seeking, Attenuated Accountability and Second-Order Government Assertiveness. Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. 31: 379-405.
- 2013. Kvotehandel: Flaggskip i dødvanne. Norsk Klimastiftelse, Bergen. 4 pages.
- 2012. Tar for hardt i. Klima. 1. 25-25.
2017-2020 Hidden costs of implementing afforestation as a climate mitigation strategy: A comprehensive assessment of direct and indirect impacts. Work package leader. An interdisciplinary project on ecosystem and societal effects of afforestation, using innovative survey experiments informed by in-house biogeochemistry results. Funder: Research Council Norway (RCN).
2017-2020 Analyzing past and future energy industry contractions: Towards a better understanding of the flip-side of energy transitions. Work package leader. My role is to analyse historical cases of decline in energy industries including societal effects. Funder: RCN.
2016-2019 Pathways to Energy Transition. Project coordinator. Survey experiments on perceptions of energy transitions using open-ended questions and quantitative text analysis. Funder: Akademia agreement UiB-Statoil.