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  • E-mailGro.Sandal@uib.no
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    Christiesgt. 12
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    Postboks 7807
    5020 BERGEN
  • Cultural/ethnic differences in conceptualizations of mental health problems and their treatement
  • Work and organizational psychology in cross-cultural contexts (diversity leadership, selection and recruitment practices, teamwork) 
  • Human performance and adaptation in extreme environments, e.g. spaceflights, polar expeditions, over-winterers in Antarctica, simulations
Academic article
  • 2020. What do immigrants from various cultures think is the best way to cope with depression? Introducing the Cross-Cultural Coping Inventory. Frontiers in Psychology. 1-17.
  • 2020. Immigration, acculturation, and preferred help-seeking sources for depression. Comparison of five ethnic groups. BMC Health Services Research. 1-11.
  • 2020. General practitioners' experiences of clinical consultations with refugees suffering from mental health problems. Frontiers in Psychology.
  • 2019. Relations between daily events, coping strategies and health during a British Army ski expedition across Antarctica. Environment and Behavior. 1-26.
  • 2019. Personal value diversity in confinement and isolation: Pilot study results from the 180-day CELSS integration experiment. Acta Astronautica. 84-91.
  • 2019. A systematic review of personal values research in isolated, confined and extreme environments. Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress.
  • 2018. Psychological hibernation in Antarctica. Frontiers in Psychology. 1-8.
  • 2018. Monitoring daily events, coping strategies, and emotion during a desert expedition in the Middle East. Stress and Health. 534-544.
  • 2018. Ethological analysis of crew interactions in lunch time and correlation with questionnaire data from a lunar analog mission. Space Medicine & Medical Engineering. 301-310.
  • 2018. Destination Motivation, Cultural Orientation,and Adaptation: International Students’ Destination-Loyalty Intention. Journal of International Students. 38-65.
  • 2017. How do international medical graduates and colleagues perceive and deal with difficulties in everyday collaboration? A qualitative study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 428-435.
  • 2017. Examining personal values in extreme environment contexts: Revisiting the question of generalizability. Acta Astronautica. 138-144.
  • 2016. The influence of perceived discrimination, orientation to mainstream culture and life satisfaction on destination loyalty intentions: The case of international students. Current Issues in Tourism. 934-949.
  • 2016. Reported growth following mountaineering expeditions: The role of personality and perceived stress. Environment and Behavior. 933-955.
  • 2016. Personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intention of international students. SpringerPlus. 1-11.
  • 2016. Lay explanatory models of depression and preferred coping strategies among Somali refugees in Norway. A mixed-method study. Frontiers in Psychology. 1-16.
  • 2015. Value diversity and crew relationships during a simulated space flight to Mars. Acta Astronautica. 164-173.
  • 2015. Utenlandske legers opplevelse av å begynne i yrket i Norge [International medical graduates’ perceptions of entering the profession in Norway]. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. 1129-1132.
  • 2015. Applicant personality and procedural justice perceptions of group selection interviews. Journal of business and psychology.
  • 2015. Anxiety-based personal values and perceived organizational justice. Social justice research. 479-492.
  • 2014. Intended Self-Presentation Tactics in Job Interviews: A 10-Country Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 939-958.
  • 2014. Cultural fit and ethnic background in the job interview. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management. 7-26.
  • 2013. Mars-105 Study: Time-courses and relationships between coping, defense mechanisms, emotions and depression. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 52-58.
  • 2013. Managers' selection preferences: the role of prejudice and multicultural personality traits in the assessment of native and immigrant job candidates. Revue européenne de psychologue appliquée. 267-275.
  • 2013. Managers' evaluations of immigrant job applicants: the influence of acculturation strategy on perceived person-organization fit (P-O Fit) and hiring outcome. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 46-60.
  • 2013. Kulturforskjeller i selvpresentasjon under jobbintervju: Russiske arbeidstakere i Norge. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 202-221.
  • 2013. Individual, situational and lifestyle factors related to shift work tolerance among nurses who are new to and experienced in night work. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 1136-1146.
  • 2012. Personality trait inferences of Turkish immigrant and neutral targets: an experimental study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 528-533.
  • 2012. Personality factors predicting longitudinal changes in shift work tolerance among rotating shift working nurses. Work & Stress. 143-160.
  • 2012. Hiring rankings of immigrant job applicants: immigrants’ acculturation strategies and managers’ personality trait perception. Journal of International Migration and Integration. 493-510.
  • 2011. Positive experiences and personal growth in a two-man North Pole expedition team. Environment and Behavior. 710-731.
  • 2011. Personal values and intended self-presentation during job interviews: A cross-cultural comparison. Applied Psychology. 160-182.
  • 2011. Personal values and crew compatibility: Results from a 105 days simulated space mission Acta Astronautica. Acta Astronautica. 141-149.
  • 2011. Communal proactive coping strategies among Tamil refugees in Norway. A case study in a naturalistic setting. International Journal of Mental Health Systems.
  • 2009. Team performance and space safety. JBIS - Journal of the British Interplanetary Society. 273-281.
  • 2009. Psychology and culture during long-duration space missions. Acta Astronautica. 659-677.
  • 2009. Cross-cultural issues in space operations: A survey study among ground personnel of the European Space Agency. Acta Astronautica. 1520-1529.
  • 2008. Rekruttering i flerkulturelle samfunn. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 329-335.
  • 2008. Followers' personality and leadership. The Journal of leadership studies. 322-331.
  • 2007. Burnout in the information technology sector: Does leadership matter? European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 58-75.
  • 2006. The two-factor model of social desirability: Relation to coping and defense, and implications for health. Personality and Individual Differences. 1051-1061.
  • 2006. Psykologiske utfordringer ved bemannede romferder. Romfart. 38-41.
  • 2006. Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire som mål på lederatferd. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 135-136.
  • 2006. Human challenges in polar and space environment. Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology. 281-296.
  • 2005. Social desirability in personality testing: Implications for astronaut selection. Acta Astronautica. 634-641.
  • 2005. Psykologi i verdensrommet. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 301-310.
  • 2004. Sosial ønskverdighet: Marlowe-Crowne Sosial Desirability Scale i<BR/>norsk forkortet utgave. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 729-730.
  • 2004. Personality characteristics and trait clusters in final stage astronaut selection. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine. 342-349.
  • 2004. Decision processes and interactions during a two-woman traverse of Antarctica. Environment and Behavior. 402-423.
  • 2004. Culture and tension during an International Space Station simulation: Results from SFINCSS&apos;99. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine. C44-C51.
  • 2003. Women and couples in extreme environments; Applications for long-duration missions. Acta Astronautica. 259-267.
  • 2003. Transformational leadership in Norway: Outcomes and personality correlates. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 147-170.
  • 2003. Personality and coping strategies during submarine missions. Human Performance in Extreme Environments. 29-42.
  • 2003. Human reactions to deep-water conditions. The Lancet. 10-11.
  • 2002. The sensitivity of the CPI Good Impression scale for detecting "faking good" among Norwegian students and job applicants. International Journal of Selection and Assessment. 304-311.
  • 2002. Kvalitetsikring av undervisning. Et instituttansvar. UPED-skrift. 81-88.
  • 2002. Improving subjective health at the worksite:a randomized controlled trial of stress management training, physical exercise and an integrated health programme. Occupational Medicine. 383-391.
  • 2001. Psychosocial issues in space:Future challenges. Gravitational and Space Biology Bulletin. 25-34.
  • 2001. Ledelse på helsa løs? Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 1119-1126.
  • 2001. Crew tension during a space station simulation. Environment and Behavior. 134-150.
  • 2000. Coping in Antarctica: Is it possible to generalize results across settings? Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine. 37-43.
  • 1999. personality and coping strategies during submarine missions. Military Psychology. 381-403.
  • 1999. The effects of personality and interpersonal relations on crew performance during space simulation studies. The Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments. 43-52.
  • 1999. The effects of personality and interpersonal relations on crew performance during space simulation studies. Life support and biosphere sciences. 461-470.
  • 1999. Personlighetstester som rekrutteringsmetode i næringslivet. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 764-771.
  • 1999. Personlighet og hormonell response på stress under militære øvelser. Er vi alle like når det gjelder fysiologiske reaksjoner på stress? Kunnskap om idrett. 61-73.
  • 1999. Personlighet og hormonell respons på stress under militære øvelser. ?. 61-71.
  • 1999. Personlighet og hormonell respons på stress under militære øvelser. Kunnskap om idrett. 61-91.
  • 1999. Personality and coping trategies during submarine missions. Military Psychology. 381.
  • 1998. Personality and endocrine activation in military stress situations. Military Psychology. 45-61.
  • 1996. Psychological reactions during polar expeditions and isolation in hyperbaric chambers. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine.
  • 1996. Crew compatibility and interaction. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. 213-231.
  • 1995. Interpersonal relations during simulated space missions. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine. 617-624.
  • 1993. Group functioning and communication. Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. 59-80.
  • 1988. Personality and endocrine activation in military stress situations. Military Psychology. 45-61.
Lecture
  • 2019. Mangfoldig arbeidsliv og akkulturasjon.
  • 2019. Introduction and Development of the Cross-Cultural Depression Coping Inventory Scale.
  • 2017. Lay explanatory models of depression and preferred coping strategies among Somali refugees in Norway.
Popular scientific lecture
  • 2020. Psykisk helse blant flyktninger.
  • 2019. Exploring GPs experiences of clinical consultations with refugees suffering from mental health problems in Norway.
  • 2013. Enfold eller mangfold i rekruttering. Fra ord til handling.
  • 2011. Mars500: Psykologi på romferder.
  • 2010. Psykososiale faktorer og helseplager-nyere forskning.
  • 2010. Inkludering av innvandrere:Enfold og mangfold i organisasjonsarbeid.
  • 2010. Hvordan skape og lede arbeidsplasser med kulturelt mangfold?
  • 2006. The human mind in space.
  • 2005. Å lykkes som leder. Hva skal til?
  • 2005. Rådgiveren som veileder-forutsetninger og redskaper.
  • 2005. Psykologiske aspekter ved langtidsopphold i rommet.
  • 2005. Personlighetstester som våpen i jakten på den ideelle medarbeider.
  • 1997. "Interpersonal tension in multicultural crews" and "Personality and coping in extreme environments".
Academic lecture
  • 2020. Fastlegers erfaringer i kliniske møter med flyktningspasienter som lider av psykiske problemer – hvilke barrierer oppleves og hva hjelper?
  • 2019. Working life participation and mental health among refugees in Norway .
  • 2019. Psychological resilience in different contexts. A short introduction to current research.
  • 2019. Psychological resilience and selection of astronauts.
  • 2019. Psychological resilience among astronauts during Space missions: Evidence from Space and analogues.
  • 2019. PTSD and Depression among Afghan refugees. Explanatory models and Coping strategies.
  • 2019. Introduction and development of the Cross-cultural Depression Coping Inventory Scale.
  • 2019. Exploring GPs’ experiences of clinical consultations with refugees suffering from mental health problems in Norway.
  • 2017. Acculturation and Preferred Help-seeking Behaviour For Depression Among Different Ethnic Groups in a Norwegian Context.
  • 2016. The human mind in space: Psychological challenges of long duration space missions.
  • 2015. The role of diversity perspectives, self-efficacy and diversity training for managers' active diversity management.
  • 2015. Immigrants at the workplace.
  • 2015. Examining expedition characteristics and personal factors related to post-return growth.
  • 2015. Diversity management and the commitment and well-being of foreign-born employees.
  • 2015. Conceptualization of depression and the choice of treatment among Somali refugees in Norway – Focus group study.
  • 2013. The leadership in diverse organization (LIDO) model: Four approaches to diversity in the workplace.
  • 2013. Managing cultural diversity at work. Associations between leadership approaches and diversity perspectives.
  • 2013. Do managers who have attended diversity training report higher levels of active diversity management in their units?
  • 2013. Applicant personality traits and fairness perceptions in group selection interviews.
  • 2012. Managing cultural diversity at work: The effects of diversity perspectives on leadership.
  • 2011. "Passer ikke inn her hos oss": Rekruttering og utstøting av innvandrere fra arbeidslivet.
  • 2010. Å presentere seg selv når en søker jobb som innvandrer.
  • 2010. Personal values and crew compatibility during a simulated space mission.
  • 2010. Making a favourable impression during job interviews: Immigrants and ‘mainstreamers’ self-presentation tactics.
  • 2010. Group Job Interviews as a Tool in the Selection of Teachers -Preliminary Results.
  • 2009. Self-presentation during job interviews: Similarities and differences between Norwegian mainstreamers and immigrants in Norway.
  • 2009. Rekruttering i flerkulturelle samfunn – Jobbintervjuet som arena for kompetansevurdering.
  • 2009. Rekruttering i et flerkulturelt arbeidsmarked.
  • 2009. Personal values and coping strategies among personnel wintering over in Antarctica.
  • 2009. Intended self-presentation in job interviews: A 10-country study.
  • 2009. Flerkulturelle arbeidsplasser og virkemidler i organisasjonsarbeid .
  • 2008. The relationship between social axioms and self-monitoring among Ghanaian university students.
  • 2008. The relationship between formal power, whistleblowing and bullying in the police.
  • 2008. Self-presentation and personal values in the employment interview: A comparison between Afro-American and Euro-American student.
  • 2008. Kulturelle barrierer i norsk arbeidsliv.
  • 2008. Human challenges in polar environments.
  • 2008. Acculturation Strategies, Multicultural Personality Traits, and Employment Decision.
  • 2007. Social axioms and personal values as predictors of self-efficacy and life satisfaction.
  • 2007. Impression management: Cultural differences and implications for personnel selection.
  • 2007. Cultural determinants of co-working of ground personnel in the European Space Agency.
  • 2007. Cross-cultural differences in behaviour during job interviews: Comparisons between Norway, USA, Iran and Ghana.
  • 2006. Rekruttering i flerkulturelle samfunn.
  • 2006. Recruitment in multicultural societies.
  • 2006. Preliminary Results from the Cross-National Analysis on Desirable Behavior in Job Interviews.
  • 2006. During Interview Behavior - Preliminary Analyses.
  • 2005. Personnel in extreme environments. Psychosocial challenges.
  • 2005. Culture and group interaction during space simulation studies: Lessons learned and future challenges.
  • 2004. Social desirability bias in personality testing: Implications for astronaut selection.
  • 2004. Passive-avoidant leadership, Burnout and Neuroticism among IT personnel.
  • 2004. Passive-avoidant Leadership, Burnout and Neuroticism among ICT personnel.
  • 2004. Baseline personality comparisons between astronauts and Antarctic personnel: Implications for generalization of psychological research findings.
  • 2003. Psychological aspects of long-duration space missions.
  • 2003. Personality trait assessment in selected and non-selected astronaut applicants.
  • 2003. Multisource ratings and interrater reliability.
  • 2003. Leadership, personality and burnout among ICT personnel.
  • 2003. Instrumentality, Expressivity and the Big 5 in astronaut applicants and airline pilots; Implications for performance and crew resource management.
  • 2003. 4 års rumrejse til Mars– Kan vores psyke klare det?
  • 2002. Transformational leadership and its effect on different layers of the organization.
  • 2002. Transformational leadership and its effect on different layers of the organization.
  • 2002. Space analogue environments; Are the populations comparable.
  • 2002. Personality testing in Antarctic expeditioners: Cross-cultural comparisons and evidence for generalizability.
  • 2002. Individual and group adaptation in space;: evidence from analogue environments.
  • 2002. Improving subjective helath at the workk site: A RCT of stress management training, physical exercise and an integrated health program.
  • 2002. Composition of multinational crews; Evidence from analogue environments.
  • 2001. Subjective perception of cold adaptation and stress during a two woman longtidual traverse of Antarctica.
Editorial
  • 2005. Sikkerhet og den menneskelige faktor. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 289-290.
Non-fiction book
  • 2017. Space Safety and Human Performance. Butterworth-Heinemann.
  • 2009. Kulturelt mangfold på arbeidsplassen. Utfordringer og virkemidler. Fagbokforlaget.
Popular scientific article
  • 2017. Third quarter phenomenon: The psychology of life in space. ROOM the space journal. 52-57.
  • 2011. Polfarerens mentale styrkeprøve. Hubro. Magasin for Universitetet i Bergen. 32-33.
Feature article
  • 2007. Ufeilbarlige astronauter og ledere. VG : Verdens gang.
Doctoral dissertation
  • 1996. Coping in Extreme Environments: The role of Personality.
Interview
  • 2019. Astronautdrømmen. Popviten UIB. https://uibpopviten.podbean.com/e/astronautdr%c3%b8mmen/.
  • 2019. Anonyme jobbsøknader er ikke nok.
  • 2009. Kulturkollisjon i jobbintervjuet.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • 2017. Mangfold i arbeidslivet. 17 pages.
  • 2013. The Risk for Groupthink During Long-Duration Space Missions: Results from a 105-Day Confinement Study. 18 pages.
  • 2013. Kvinner og menn i lederposisjoner: Spiller det noen rolle? 16 pages.
  • 2013. Afterword. 8 pages.
  • 2012. Psychological countermeasures. 14 pages.
  • 2012. Psychological countermeasures. 9 pages.
  • 2011. Psychology. 4 pages.
  • 2011. Personlighetstester og utvelgelse av ledere. 19 pages.
  • 2011. From the Past to the Future. 9 pages.
  • 2009. Rekruttering i flerkulturelle arbeidsmarkeder. 18 pages.
  • 2009. Grenseløse arbeidsplasser. Organisasjonsarbeid i et krysskulturelt perspektiv. 18 pages.
  • 2007. Om ikke å miste fatningen påvei til Mars. Rompsykologi i praksis. 13 pages.
  • 2006. "Den helseskadelige IKT-bransjen": Myte eller fakta? 13 pages.
  • 2004. Psycho-sociological aspects of confinement deconditioning. 11 pages.
  • 2002. Personlighet som suksessfaktor i norsk ledelse. 20 pages.
  • 2000. Personlighetstester og utvelgelse av ledere. 18 pages.
  • 1995. A biobehavioral monitoring system for space travellers.
Abstract
  • 2016. Psychological resilience during overwintering in Antarctica. Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress. 1-1.
  • 2012. Managing cultural diversity at work: The effects of diversity perspectives on leadership. International Journal of Psychology (IJP). 518-518.
  • 2008. Self-presentation and personal values in the employment interview: A comparison between Afro-American and Euro-American student. International Journal of Psychology (IJP). 177-177.
  • 2008. Measurement equivalence of the interviewing self-efficacy scale across samples from Ghana, Russia, Turkey and Italy. International Journal of Psychology (IJP). 306-306.
  • 2004. Personality trait assessment in selected and non-selected astronaut applicants. International Journal of Psychology (IJP). 508-508.
Digital learning tools
  • 2011. Treningsprogram for ledere på flerkulturelle arbeidsplasser.
Academic literature review
  • 2011. Individual differences in tolerance to shift work--a systematic review. 221-235.
  • 2011. Individual differences in tolerance to shift work - A systematic review. 221-235.
  • 2011. Human performance in polar environments. 353-360.
  • 2010. Individual differences in tolerance to shift work - a systematic review.
Foreword
  • 2009. Forord. 5-8.
Article in business/trade/industry journal
  • 2011. Astronauter kan längta efter färger. Modern Psykologi.
Chapter
  • 2017. Individual resilience. 202-213. In:
    • 2017. Space Safety and Human Performance. Butterworth-Heinemann.
  • 2017. Analogue mission research. 262-268. In:
    • 2017. Space Safety and Human Performance. Butterworth-Heinemann.
  • 2016. Immigrants in the workplace. 483-503. In:
    • 2016. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge University Press.
  • 2015. Kulturell mangfoldsledelse. 115-129. In:
    • 2015. Ledelse på godt og vondt: Effektivitet og trivsel. 2. utg. Fagbokforlaget.
  • 2015. Budou posádky dlouhotrvajících letů náchylné ke skupinové jednomyslnosti? Výsledky simulační studie. 120-135. In:
    • 2015. MARS 500. Příběh simulovaného letu na Mars. ACADEMIA and Psychologický ústav AV ČR.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)