Gunn Inger Lyse Samdal's picture
Njord Svendsen

Gunn Inger Lyse Samdal

Researcher, Lexicographer
  • E-mailgunn.lyse@uib.no
  • Visitor Address
    Haakon Sheteligs plass 7
    5007 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7805
    5020 Bergen

Current position

I currently (Oct 2018 -) have a research position at the University of Bergen, working as a lexicographer. In a five-year project, we will revise and update the two public Norwegian dictionaries Bokmålsordboka and Nynorskordboka, which are part of the Norwegian Language Collections ('Språksamlingane'). The project is financed by the Language Council of Norway.

Research groups

Research interests

  • Lexicography
  • Lexical semantics and semantic word nets
  • Multiword expressions (MWEs)
  • Computational linguistics and language technology
  • Corpus Linguistics
  • Statistical methods and machine learning methods for language analysis and language modelling
  • Data management and FAIR data
  • Research infrastructure (data management, FAIR data, data sharing, metadata)


I defended my Ph.D. thesis in December 2011 at the University of Bergen (title: Translation-based Word Sense Disambiguation). I have a Master's degree in Computational Linguistics and Language at the University of Bergen (2003), with exams within General Linguistics, Digital humanities, German and English.

Work experience

Prior to my current position, I have worked as a researcher and teacher at the University of Bergen (2003 - 2007, 2012-2016 and 2018-). I worked as a researcher in computational linguistics and language technology at Uni Research Computing in Bergen (now NORCE) (2008-2009). I worked as a special advisor at NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data, being in charge of developing their research support portfolio within data management, archiving and FAIR data sharing (2016-2018).

See the tabs on projects and publications for further details.



Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2022). Kollokasjonar - språkets R2-D2 og C-3PO. Maal og Minne. 35-66.
  • Show author(s) (2020). «Den raude rase» og «negerfolk»: kontroversielle ord i Bokmålsordboka og Nynorskordboka. LexicoNordica. 77-96.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Ut med adamsslekt og inn med arveprinsesse? Leksikografiske metodar i revisjonen av BOB og NOB. Nordiske Studier i Leksikografi (NSL). 215-224.
  • Show author(s) (2016). The enrichment of lexical resources through incremental parsebanking. Language Resources and Evaluation. 291-319.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Exploring an environmental neologism in Norwegian across corpora. Neologica. 39-57.
  • Show author(s) (2023). På skattejakt i ordbøkene.
  • Show author(s) (2023). Frukostseminar: På skattejakt i ordbøkene.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Korpus og leksikografi .
  • Show author(s) (2015). Linguistically annotated text made available.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) (2013). Muligheter med språkteknologi.
  • Show author(s) (2010). ”Everytime I fire a linguist, performance goes up" ? Om å kombinere forskning og kommersielle interesser.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2023). Faste uttrykk i Bokmålsordboka og Nynorskordboka: ikkje berre berre.
  • Show author(s) (2020). «den raude rase» og «negerfolk»: ​Om kontroversielle ord og nemningar i Bokmålsordboka og Nynorskordboka​.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Ut med adamsslekt og inn med arveprinsesse?​ Leksikografiske metodar i revisjonen av Bokmålsordboka og Nynorskordboka.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Frå bandsalat til bandbreidde: Leksikografiske metodar i Revisjonsprosjektet for Bokmålsordboka og Nynorskordboka.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Integrating heterogeneous digital text resources to analyze complex neologisms in Norwegian.
  • Show author(s) (2015). INESS meets CLARINO.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Annotation in INESS.
  • Show author(s) (2013). CLARIN licensing schemes.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Flerordsuttrykk i Norsk aviskorpus.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Applying current metadata initiatives: The META-NORD experience.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Translation-based Word Sense Disambiguation.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Om vispet krem og ubeskyttet sex: flerordsuttrykk i Norsk aviskorpus.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Empiriske metoder innenfor datalingvistikk: var Chomskys kritikk av empiriske metoder berettiget?
  • Show author(s) (2005). A distributional or a translational basis for data-driven sense discrimination?
  • Show author(s) (2004). Translationally derived information about lexical semantics for WSD purposes.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Translationally Based Lexical Semantics for WSD.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2007). New Voices in Linguistics. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Academic monograph
  • Show author(s) (2012). Norsk i den digitale tidsalderen (nynorskversjon).
  • Show author(s) (2012). Norsk i den digitale tidsalderen (bokmålsversjon).
Feature article
  • Show author(s) (2011). Dårlig språk er dårlig butikk. Dagens næringsliv. 1 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Datamaskinen må skjønne norsk. Bergens Tidende.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) (2011). Translation-based World Sense Disambiguation.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Øyestyring gir Brage et språk.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Språkteknologi i bakevja.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Sinke i språkhjelpemidler.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Brage snakker med øynene.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2016). The CLARINO Bergen Centre: Development and Deployment. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). NorGramBank: A ‘Deep’ Treebank for Norwegian. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2015). COMEDI: A component metadata editor. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2013). The INESS Treebanking Infrastructure. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Representing Multiword Expressions in Lexical and Terminological Resources: An Analysis for Natural Language Processing Purposes. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Linking Northern European Infrastructures for Improving the Accessibility and Documentation of Complex Resources. 16 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). What we have learned from Sofie: Extending lexical and grammatical coverage in an LFG parsebank. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Creation of an Open Shared Language Resource Repository in the Nordic and Baltic Countries. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Collocations and statistical analysis of n-grams : multiword expressions in newspaper text. 31 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Applying current metadata initiatives: The META-NORD experience. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). An integrated web-based treebank annotation system. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2012). A data-driven approach to anglicism identification in Norwegian. 24 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2007). "Making sense of translations": Translation-based lexical information for word sense disambiguation (WSD). 14 pages.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Current project(s):

  • I work as a lexicographer in the Norwegian project to revise the two publicly available dictionaries Bokmålsordboka and Nynorskordboka: www.ordbok.uib.no.  The project (2018-2023) is financed by the Language Council of Norway. 

Previous projects:

  • The NORDi project (2016-2021), supported by the Research Council of Norway, is owned by NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data. In 2016-2018, I worked at NSD as a special adviser on training and data management. In the NORDi project, I led the Work Package on training and Support. The main objective was to strengthen and expand guidance and training services at NSD, to increase awareness and practical skills within data management among researchers as well as research support staff in the Norwegian research sector. I worked both with digital training material and non-digital (face to face) training activities.
  • The national infrastructure project CLARINO (2012-2016), supported by the Research Council of Norway, was owned by UiB - University of Bergen. CLARINO is the Norwegian contribution to the international CLARIN infrastructure. I worked as a project manager in CLARINO. My main field of expertise in this context is data management, metadata and IPR/licensing issues. (2012-2015)
  • In the national infrastructure project INESS (2012-2016), supported by the Research Council of Norway, we developed a database of syntactically analysed sentences (a treebank). On the infrastructure side, I participated in developing the technical solutions of the INESS treebank (user interface, metadata, IPR issues). On the linguistic side, I added Norwegian sentence analyses to the treebank, mainly by manual annotation of sentences that have initially been parsed automatically by the NorGram grammar (LFG framework). In adding material to the Norwegian treebank, I also did text preprocessing and some grammar development.
  • The infrastructure project DASISH, supported by the EU, aimed to create synergies between infrastructure intitiatives in the Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH), among other things we developed a Virtual Competence Center (VCC) for future researchers to find information about the moral, ethical and legal aspect of compiling research material. Project ending: December 2014.
  • In the project META-NORD (2011-2013), supported by the EU, we worked to make language technology resources more easily available, offering standardized metadata and negotiating licences. We catalogued 67 Norwegian language resources relevant for language technology research and development. This work has been inherited by the projects CLARINO and (where relevant) INESS. My work in this project included: writing a national language white paper, creating metadata, encoding and reformatting research material, clearing resource ownership, rights and licenses.
  • In the national project Norsk aviskorpus / Norwegian Newspaper Corpus (Uni Research, Dep. of Computing), I worked on automatic methods to identify Multiword Expressions, terms and anglicisms in Norwegian text. I explored a variety of so-called association measures in order to rank 2- and 3-word sequences (bigrams and trigrams) in terms of whether they are likely to constitute multiword expressions. This work is closely related to automatic term extraction and the automated detection of Anglicisms in Norwegian text. We also explored the use of machine learning systems to detect Anglicisms automatically.
  • I was project leader for a development project at Uni Research Computing, where we provided language technology expertise to inprove a commercial writing aid system for dyslectics. In particular, I produced relations between orthography and pronunciation, and worked with n-grams for finding contexts to produce intelligent spelling suggestions.
  • In the national Machine Translation (MT) project LOGON (2003-2006), I worked with statistical methods for Word Sense Disambiguation. My resulting Ph.D. thesis was defended in 2011. 
  • Connected to the national project Fra parallellkorpus til ordnett (From parallel corpora to word nets) at University of Bergen, I wrote my master's thesis and also worked as a scientific assistant in 2002 - 2003.