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Harald Furnes

Professor
  • E-mailHarald.Furnes@uib.no
  • Visitor Address
    Realfagbygget, Allégt. 41
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

My main interests and long-term research activities are related to the development of ophiolite construction and geochemical geochemical signatures of their crustal components, as well as the microbial colonization and interaction with the volcanic rocks. The crucial questions related to these research activities are: In which tectonic environments are ophiolites (of any age) formed; how far back in time can we positively identify a magmatic sequence (e.g. greenstone belts) as an ophiolite, and hence the presence of plate-tectonic activity; how far back in time can be identify bio-interaction with submarine volcanic rocks, and how extensive is it? In order to get answers to these questions some of the most well-preserved Phanerozic and Precambrian ophiolites and Archean greenstone belts world-wide have been targeted and investigated.

Academic article
  • McLoughlin, Nicola; Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Eickmann, Benjamin; Ivarsson, Magnus. 2010. Mechanisms of microtunneling in rock substrates - distinguishing endolithic biosignatures from abiotic microtunnels. Geobiology. 245-255.
  • Robins, Brian; Sandstå, Nils Rune; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten. 2010. Flow banding in basaltic pillow lavas from the Early Archean Hooggenoeg Formation, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Bulletin of Volcanology. 579-592.
  • Mcloughlin, Nicola; Fliegel, Daniel; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Simonetti, Antonio; Zhao, GuoChun; Robinson, Paul T. 2010. Assessing the biogenicity and syngenicity of candidate bioalteration textures in pillow lavas of the similar to 2.52 Ga Wutai greenstone terrane of China. Chinese Science Bulletin. 188-199.
  • Mc Loughlin, Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil R; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert. 2009. Ichnotaxonomy of Microbial Trace Fossils in Volcanic Glass. Journal of the Geological Society. 159-170.
  • Grosch, Eugene; Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; de Wit, M. J.; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Drilling for the Archean Roots of Life and Tectonic Earth in the Barberton Mountains. Scientific Drilling. 24-28.
  • Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Fliegel, Daniel; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, H.; Simonetti, Antonio; Zhao, G; Robinson, Paul. 2009. Assessing the biogenicity and syngenicity of candidate bioalteration textures in pillow lavas of the ~2.52 Ga Wutai greenstone terrane of China. Chinese Science Bulletin.
  • Koren, Jan Henrik; Svendsen, John-Inge; Mangerud, Jan; Furnes, Harald. 2008. The dimna ash - A 12.8 C-14 ka-old volcanic ash in Western Norway. Quaternary Science Reviews. 85-94.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Banerjee, Neil; Connel, Laurie B.; Templeton, Alexis. 2008. 3.5 billion years of glass bioalteration: Volcanic rocks as a basis for microbial life? Earth-Science Reviews. 156-176.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2007. Pillow lavas as a habitat for microbial life. Geology Today. 143-146.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Heaman, Larry M.; Van Kranendonk, Martin J. 2007. Direct dating of Archean microbial ichnofossils. Geology. 487-490.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Mcloughlin, Nicola; de Wit, Maarten; Van Kranendonk, Martin. 2007. Comparing petrographic signatures of bioalteration in recent to Mesoarchean pillow lavas: Tracing subsurface life in oceanic igneous rocks. Precambrian Research. 156-176.
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Staudigel, Hubert; Rosing, Minik; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2007. A vestige of Earth's oldest ophiolite. Science. 1704-1707.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Banerjee, Neil R. 2006. Tectonic control of bioalteration in modern and ancient oceanic crust as evidenced by carbon isotopes. Island Arc. 143-155.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, Maarten. 2006. Preservation of ~3.4–3.5 Ga microbial biomarkers in pillow lavas and hyaloclastites from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 707-722.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil R.; Dilek, Yildirim; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2006. Microbes and volcanoes: A tale from the oceans, ophiolites, and greenstone belts. GSA Today. 4-10.
  • Fonneland, Hege Cathrine; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Dilek, Y. 2005. Hydrothermal alteration and tectonic evolution of an intermediate- to fast-spread backarc oceanic crust: Late ordovician Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite, Western Norway. Island Arc. 517-541.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Muehlenbachs, K.; Kontinen, A. 2005. Evidence of biosignatures in metaglassy volcanic rocks from the Jormua ophiolite complex Finland. Precambrian Research. 125-137.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, Helge; Hellevang, B.; Skjerlie, Kjell Petter; Robins, Brian; Dilek, Yildirim. 2003. Volcanic evolution of oceanic crust in a Late Ordovician back-arc basin: The Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, West Norway. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, B.; Robins, Brian; Gudmundsson, Agust. 2003. Geochemical stratigraphy of the lavas of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, W. Norway, and magma-chamber dynamics. Bulletin of Volcanology. 441-457.
  • Mohamed, F.H.; El-Sayed, M.M.; Furnes, Harald; Kanisawa, S. 2002. Geochemistry and petrogenetic aspects of the Pan-African plutonic rock suites in the Umm Gheig province, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: special emphasis on the granitoid suites. Chemie der Erde. 317-346.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Torsvik, Terje; Tumyr, Ole; Lang, S. 2002. Bio-signatures in metabasaltic glass of a Caledonian ophiolite West Norway. Geological Magazine.
  • Hesthammer, J; Furnes, Harald. 2001. Structural core analysis from the Gullfaks area, northern North Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 411-439.
  • Pedersen, Rolf-Birger; Furnes, Harald. 2001. Nd- and Pb-isotopic variations through the upper oceanic crust in DSDP/ODP Hole 504B, Costa Rica Rift. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 221-235.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Microbial fractionation of carbon isotopes in altered basaltic glass from the Atlantic Ocean, Lau Basin and Costa Rica Rift. Chemical Geology. 313-330.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, B.; Dilek, Y. 2001. Cyclic volcanic stratigraphy in a Late Ordovician marginal basin, west Norwegian Caledonides. Bulletin of Volcanology. 164-178.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, B.; Dilek, Y. 2001. Cyclic volcanic stratigraphy in a Late Ordovician marginal basin, west Norwegian Caledonides. Bulletin of Volcanology. 164-178.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, Terje; Xenophontos, C. 2001. Biogenic alteration of volcanic glass from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus. Journal of Geological Society of London. 75-82.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, K.; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Bioalteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes. 2001. Bioalteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. U1-U32.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Bio-alteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. MANGLER.
  • Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Dilek, Y. 2000. Petrology, tectonics, and hydrothermal alteration of a fossil backarc oceanic crust: Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex of the western Norwegian Caledonides- A review. In: Ophiolites and Ocean Crust: New Insight from Field Studies and Ocean Drilling Program. Y.Dilek, E.M. Moores, and A. Nicolas (eds). Geological Society of America, Special Paper.
  • Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Dilek, Y. 2000. Petrology, tectonics, and hydrothermal alteration of a fossil backarc oceanic crust: Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex of the western Norwegian Caledonides- A review. In: Ophiolites and Ocean Crust: New Insight from Field Studies and Ocean Drilling Program. Y.Dilek, E.M. Moores, and A. Nicolas (eds). Geological Society of America, Special Paper. ?.
  • Ryttvad, H.L.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Rolfsen, R. 2000. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of extrusive rocks, dikes and high-level plutonic rocks in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite complex, western Norway. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift. 97-110.
  • Ryttvad, H.L.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Rolfsen, R. 2000. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of extrusive rocks, dikes and high-level plutonic rocks in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite complex, western Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 97-110.
  • Luttinen, A.; Furnes, Harald. 2000. Flood basalts of Vestfjella: Jurassic magmatism across an Archean-Proterozoic lithospheric boundary in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Petrology. 1271-1305.
  • Luttinen, A.; Furnes, Harald. 2000. Flood basalts of Vestfjella: Jurassic magmatism across an Archean-Proterozoic lithospheric boundary in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Petrology. 1271-1305.
  • Haaland, H.J.; Furnes, Harald; Martinsen, O.J. 2000. A sedimentological, textural and geochemical study of the Paleogene tuffaceous intervals, Grane Field. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 101-118.
  • Haaland, H.J.; Furnes, Harald; Martinsen, O.J. 2000. A sedimentological, textural and geochemical study of the Paleogene tuffaceous intervals, Grane Field. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 101-118.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert. 1999. Biological mediation of basalt glass alteration in the ocean crust: How deep is the Deep Biosphere? Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 97-103.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Y.; Skjerlie, K. P.; Ryttvad, H. L.; Fonneland, H. C. 1998. Variations in basaltic geochemistry along a propagating rift of the Late Odrovician marginal basin of the West Norwegian Caledonides. Terra Nova. 21-26.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1998. Microbial activity at the glass-alteration interface in oceanic basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 165-176.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1998. Evidence for microbial activity at the glass-alteration interface in oceanic basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 165-176.
  • Selbekk, R. S.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Skjerlie, K. P. 1998. Contrasting tonalite genesis in the Lyngen Magmatic Complex, north Norwegian Caledonides. Lithos. 243-268.
  • Dilek, Y.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K. P. 1997. Propagating rift tectonics of a Caledonian marginal basin: Multi-stage seafloor spreading history of the Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite in western Norway. Tectonophysics. 213-238.
  • Pedersen, K.; Ekendahl, S.; Tullborg, E-L.; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1997. Evidence of ancient life at 207 m depth in a granitic aquifer. Geology. 827-830.
  • Furnes, Harald; El-Sayed, M.-M.; Khalil, S. O.; Hassanen, M. A. 1996. Pan-African magmatism in the Wadi El-Imra district, Central Eastern Desert: Geochemistry and tectonic environment. Journal of the Geological Society. 705-718.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, Terje; Fisk, Martin. 1996. Microbial Activity in the Alteration of Glass from Pillow Lavas from Hole 896A. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Scientific Results. 191-206.
  • Skjerlie, K.; Furnes, Harald. 1996. A gabbro - dyke transition zone demonstradet on Tviberg: Solund Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex. Chishitsugaku zasshi.
  • Ravnås, R.; Furnes, Harald. 1995. The use of geochemical and isotope data in determining the provenance and tectonic setting of ancient sedimentary successions: The Kalvåg Melange, western Norwegian Caldedonides. spec. publs. int. ass. sediment.. 237-264.
  • Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B. 1995. The Lyngen Magmatic Complex: geology and geochemistry (abstract). Geonytt. 30.
  • Thorseth, I.H.; Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K. 1995. Microbes play an important role in the alteration of the oceanic crust. Chemical Geology. 137-146.
  • Thorseth, I.H.; Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K. 1995. Microbes play an important role in the alteration of the oceanic crust. Chemical Geology. 137-146.
  • Thorseth, I.H.; Furnes, Harald; Tumyr, Ole. 1995. Geochemical and textural effects on bacterial activity on basaltic glass: an experimental approach. Chemical geology : Isotope geoscience section. 139-160.
  • Heskestad, B.; Hofshagen, N. H.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B. 1994. The geochemical evolution of the Gulfjellet Ophilite Complex. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift.
  • Skår, Ø.; Furnes, Harald; Claesson, S. 1994. Proterozoic orogenic magmatism within the Western Gneiss Region, Sunnf jord, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 114-126.
  • Skår, Ø.; Furnes, Harald; Claesson, S. 1994. Middle Proterozoic orogenic magmatism within the Western Gneiss Region , Sunnfjord, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 114-126.
  • Alsaker, Einar; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Geochemistry of the Sunnfjord Melange: Sediment mixing from different sources during odduction of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophilite complex, Nor wegian Caledonides. Geological Magazine. 105-121.
  • Furnes, Harald; Kryza, R.; Muszynski, A.; Pin, C.; Garmann, Leif B. 1994. Geochemical evidence for progressive, rift-related Early Paleozoic vol canism in the eastern Sudetes. Journal of the Geological Society. 91-109.
  • Kryza, R.; Muszynski, A.; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Early paleozoic volcanism in the Western Sudetes (Poland): A correlati on between the western parts of the Swierzawa and Bolkow units of the Kaczawa Mts. Zbl. Geol. Palaeont. Teil.. 1039-1052.
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald; Heldal, Mikal. 1992. The importance of microbiological activity in the alteration of natural basaltic glass. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 845-850.
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald; Heldal, Mikal. 1992. The importance of microbiological activity in the alteration of natura l basaltic glass. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 445-450.
  • Pedersen, Rolf-Birger; Bruton, D. L.; Furnes, Harald. 1992. Ordovician faunas, island arcs and ophiolites in the Scandinavian Caledonides. Terra Nova. 217-222.
  • Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf-Birger; Hertogen, J.; Albrektsen, B. A. 1992. Magma development of the Leka Ophiolite Complex, central Norwegian Caledonides. Lithos. 259-277.
  • Furnes, Harald; Johansen, R. J.; Skjerlie, K. P. 1992. FeTi-poor and FeTi-rich basalts in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, west Norwegian Caledonides: Relationships and genesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 153-168.
Academic lecture
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim. 2016. Characterization and petrogenesis of intermediate to silicic rocks in ophiolites: A global synthesis.
  • Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Ivarsson, Magnus; Eickmann, Benjamin. 2010. Life or Not Life? Criteria for Distinguishing Endolithic Biosignatures and Crystal Migration Trails in Volcanic Substrates.
  • McLoughlin, Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert. 2010. Developing an Ichnological Framework for bioerosion in volcanic glass.
  • Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M; Robins, Brian. 2009. Volcanic evolution of the upper onverwacht suite, Barberton mountain land, south Africa.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Thick oceanic crust, hot mantle, and plate tectonics in the archaean earth.
  • Mcloughlin, Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Fliegel, Daniel; Banerjee, Neil R; Staudigel, H. 2009. The Twists and Turns of Microbial Life in the Subseafloor: Helicoidal trace fossils in volcanic glass.
  • Muehlenbachs, K; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Temperatures gradients in the marine archean exogenic cycle derived from the alteration of seafloor basalts, Barberton Greenstone belt, south Africa.
  • Dilek, Y; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Tectonics evolution of Tethyan ophiolites and backarc basins in subduction rollback systems in the Eastern Mediterranean region.
  • de Wit, M; Furnes, Harald. 2009. New stratigraphic architecture of the onverwacht suite, Barberton Greenstone belt, south Africa: fresh ferment for mid-archean tectonic models.
  • Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Fliegel, Daniel; Grosch, Eugene; de Wit, Maarten. 2009. Microbial Bioalteration Textures in Greenstone Belt Pillow Lavas.
  • Grosch, Eugene; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola. 2009. Metamorphic constraints across a mafic-ultramafic tectonite zone between mendon and kromberg complexes, Barberton Greenstone belt, south Africa.
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Dating of trace fossils in pillow lavas from the Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite and the implication for the timing and location of bioalteration in sub seafloor basalts.
  • Banerjee, N.R.; Chacko, T; Muehlenbachs, K; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola. 2008. Titanite mineralization as a mechanism for preservation of ca. 3.5 billion-year-old microbial ichnofossils.
  • Furnes, Harald; Rosing, Minik; Dilek, Y.; De Wit, M. 2008. The Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland) - A vestige of a 3.8 Ga suprasubduction zone.
  • Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; et al, [Mangler fornavn]. 2008. Seeking microbial bioalteration textures in pillow lavas from the proterozoic of the Pachenga Greenstone belt.
  • Muehlenbachs, K.; Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M. 2008. Oxygen isotope ratios in basalts and cherts from Barberton Mt. Land: Implications for the Archean ocean.
  • Dilek, Y.; Furnes, Harald. 2008. Ophiolite types and their new classification.
  • Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; et al, [Mangler fornavn]. 2008. Oceanic pillow lavas and hyaloclastites as habitats for microbial life through time - a review.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Banerjee, N.R.; Connel, Laurie B.; Templeton, A. 2008. Microbial glass bioalteration: inferring mechanisms of bio-corrosion from trace fossil morphology.
  • Dilek, Y; Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M. 2008. HPP-05: Evolution of Archean crust.
  • Furnes, Harald; Robins, Brian; De Wit, M. 2008. Chemo-stratigraphy of the Hooggenoeg and Kromberg Formations of the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa.
  • Banerjee, N.R.; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Staudigel, Hubert; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Bebout, Gray. 2008. Biogeochemical tracers of modern and ancient life in seafloor lavas.
  • Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M.; Rosing, Minik. 2008. BGB-03: Life of the Early Earth.
  • Dilek, Y.; Furnes, Harald. 2008. Accretion of ancient oceanic crust as in ophiolites.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Banerjee, NR; Connell, Laurie B.; Templeton, A. 2008. 3.5 Ga of Glass bioalteration: Inferring microbial function from trace fossil morphology.
  • Bridge, N.J.; Banerjee, Neil; Mueller, W.; Chacko, Thomas; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald. 2007. Traces of early life in archean volcanic rocks from the Abitibi Greenstone Belt, Canada.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim; De Wit, M.; Staudigel, Hubert; Rosin, M.; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2007. The Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland) - a vestige of a 3.8 Ga suprasubduction zone ophiolite, and its significance for Archean geology.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Chacko, T; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Sheshpari, M. 2007. Prospecting for evidence of life in ancient oceanic basalts from Canadian greenstone belts as analogue sites for studies of ancient life on Mars.
  • Furnes, Harald. 2007. Ocean volcanics as habitats for microbial life through time.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald; Muhelenbachs, K.; Staudigel, Hubert; Mcloughlin, Nicola; De Wit, M.; Van Kranendonk, M. 2007. Direct Dating of Archean Microbial Ichnofossils.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Altunkaynak, S.; Furnes, Harald; Genq, S.C. 2007. Continental collision, slab breakoff and postcollisional Cenozoic plutonism in western Anatolia, Turkey.
  • Furnes, Harald. 2006. Volcanic and Magmatic Evolution of a Caledonian Ophiolite, W. Norway. An example for ophiolite research elsewhere.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Simonnetti, A.; Muehlenbachs, K.; Staudigel, Hubert; De Wit, M.; Van Kranendonk, M. 2006. Prospecting for evidence of Extremophiles in Ancient Oceanic Basalts.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil R.; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; de Wit, Maarten; Dilek, Yildirim. 2006. Oceanic pillow lava as a habitat for microbial life through time.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Simonnetti, A.; Muehlenbachs, K.; Staudigel, Hubert; De Wit, M.; Van Kranendonk, M. 2006. Microbial alteration of oceanic crust and the search for extraterrestrial life.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, K.; De Wit, M.; Van Kranendonk, M. 2006. Earth’s oldest microbial biomarkers in pillow lavas: a new geological setting in the search for early life.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Simonnetti, A.; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, K.; Van Kranendonk, M. 2006. Direct dating of Archean microfossils preserved in pillow basalts from the Pilbara Cration.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Simonnetti, A.; Muehlenbachs, K.; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M; Van Kranendonk, M. 2006. Ancient microbial alteration of oceanic crust on two archean cratons and the search for extraterrestrial life.
  • Muehlenbachs, K.; Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M. 2005. Traces of Archean microbial activity in pillow basalts from Barberton and Pilbara.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K. 2005. Micro-ichnofossils in ancience volcanic rocks.
  • Banjerjee, N; Muehlenbachs, K; Furnes, Harald. 2005. Micro-Ichnofossils in ancient volcanic rock.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Chacko, T; Muehlenbachs, K; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M. 2005. A mechanism for preservation of ca 3,5 billion-year old microbial alteration textures in pillow basalts from the Barberton Greenstone Belt.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, Maarten. 2004. The potensial for early life hosted in basaltic glass on Mars.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Bailey, B.E.; Furnes, Harald; Tebo, B.; Templeton, A. 2004. The Ocean Crust as a Bioreactor.
  • Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald. 2004. Oxygen isotopic composition of the Paleozoic and Precambrian ocean water.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert. 2004. Microbial alteration of volcanic glass in modern and ancient oceanic crust as a proxy for studies of extraterrestrial material.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, Maarten. 2004. Microbial activity recorded in ~3.5 GA pillow lavas.
  • Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, Maarten. 2004. Evidence for Microbial Activity in ~3.5 Ga Pillow Basalts from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, Helge; Hellevang, B.; Skjerlie, Kjell Petter; Robins, Brian; Dilek, Yildirim. 2003. Volcanic evolution of late Ordovician oceanic crust in the Caledonides: The Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite complex, W. Norway.
  • Hellevang, Helge; Furnes, Harald; Robins, Brian; Skjerlie, Kjell Petter. 2003. Petrological evolution of late Ordovician oceanic crust: The Stavenes segment of the Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Staudigel, Hubert; Tumyr, Ole. 2002. The significance of bio-interaction with basaltic glass in in-situ oceanic crust and ophiolites.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Y.; Shallo, M. 2002. Geochemical evolution of the Jurassic Mirdita Ophilite.
  • Banerjee, N.R.; Muehlenbachs, K.; Furnes, Harald; Cameron, V.; French, J. 2002. Detection of textural, geochemical, and molecular biomarkers in volcanic rocks as a proxy for studies of extraterrestrial material.
  • Furnes, Harald. 2002. Bioalteration of pillow lava in fossil oceanic crust.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Torsvik, Terje; Dilek, Y.; Shallo, M.; Xenophontos, C. 2002. Bioalteration in fossil oceanic crust: A case study of two Tethyan ophilites (Troodos, Cyprus and Mirdita, Albania).
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf-Birger. 2001. The deep biosphere and its interaction with the lithosphere.
  • Dilek, Y.; Furnes, Harald; Shallo, M.; Mortensen, J.K. 2001. Structure, Petrology and Geochronology of the Albanian ophiolites and their Tectonic Evolution within the Neotethyan Orogenic Belt.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Identifying bio-interaction with basaltic glass in the oceanic crust and implications for estimating the depth of the oceanic biosphere.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Torsvik, Terje; Staudigel, Hubert; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Bio-interaction with basaltic glass and its importance in mapping the depth of the oceanic biosphere.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Bio-alteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust.
  • Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Dilek, Y. 2000. Petrology, tectonics, and hydrothermal alteration of a fossil backarc oceanic crust: Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolit eComplex of the western Norwegian Caledonides - A review.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, T.; Xenophontos, C. 2000. Biogenic alteration of volcanic glass from the Troodos ophiolitel,.
  • Furnes, Harald. 2000. Bio-alteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. Volcano/Ice Interaction on Earth and Mars.
  • Furnes, Harald. 2000. Bio-alteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. Volcano/Ice Interaction on Earth and Mars.
  • Furnes, Harald. 2000. Bio-alteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. The significance of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron microprobe analyses (EMA) in mapping the deep oceanic basement biosphere.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. The significance of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron microprobe analyses (EMA) in mapping the deep oceanic basement biosphere.
  • French, J; Muehlenbachs, K; Furnes, Harald. 1999. Possible nannostructures at the glass/palagonite interface in glassy pillow margins from Hole 418A.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 1999. Oceanic basalt, an important deep biosphere.
  • French, J; Muehlenbachs, K; Furnes, Harald. 1999. Nannoscopic tunnels in the glassy margins of oceanic pillow basalts: A new sub-seafloor terrestrial biomarker ?
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. Mikriber og oseanskorpe. Hvem er de, hvor er de, hva gjør de?
  • El-Sayed, MM; Furnes, Harald; Mohamed, FA. 1999. Geochemical constraints on the tectonomagmatic evolution of the Late Precambrian Fawakhir ophiolite, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt).
  • French, J; Muehlenbachs, K; Furnes, Harald. 1999. Evidence for microbial activity deep within layer 2 oceanic crust at DSDP Hole 418A, North Atlantic Ocean.
  • Luttinen, A; Furnes, Harald. 1999. Did lithospheric thinning zones have a controlling influence on the Jurassic Vestfjella flood lavas of western Dronning Maud Land?
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert. 1999. Biological mediation of basalt glass alteration in the ocean crust: How deep is the Deep Biosphere?
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. Biological mediation in ocean crust alteration: how deep is the deep biosphere ?
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 1999. Biodegradation of basat in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. Biodegradation of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust: Evidence, depth and significance.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. Biodegradation of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust: Evidence, depth and significance.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, IH; Tumyr, Ole; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Muehlenbachs, K. 1999. Biodegradation of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, IH; Tumyr, Ole; Muehlenbachs, K. 1999. Biodegradation of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1999. Biodegradation of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Muehlenbachs, K. 1998. Microbial degradation of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1998. Evidence for microbial activity at the glass-alteration interface in oceanic basalt.
  • Pedersen, Rolf B.; Furnes, Harald. 1997. The evolution and collosional history of intra-Iapetus arcs as recorded in the ophiolite terranes of the Caledonides.
  • Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K. P.; Dilek, Y.; Fonneland, H. C.; Ryttvad, H. L. 1997. The Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex: Multi-stage seafloor spreading in a late Ordovician marginal basin.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dewey, J. F. 1997. Symposium "Tectonics of the Caledonian/Appalacian Orogen and the Palaeogeography of Iapetus". [Convenor of symposium].
  • Pedersen, Rolf B.; Dalland, B.; Hetland, A.; Furnes, Harald. 1997. Mixing of contrasting magmas in a supra subduction zone magma chamber: evidence from the Lyngen Gabbro (Northern Norway).
  • Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, K; Tumyr, T; Thorseth, I.G; Furnes, Harald. 1997. Microbial alteration of basaltic glass in the uppper oceanic crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, K.; Tumyr, Ole; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald. 1997. Microbial alteration of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, K.; Tumyr, T.; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald. 1997. Microbial alteration of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Tumyr, Ole; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald. 1997. Microbial alteration of basaltic glass in the upper oceanic crust.
  • Dilek, Y.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K. P.; Fonneland, H. C.; Ryttvad, H. L.; Muelenbachs, K. 1997. Geology of the Solund- Stavfjord Ophiolite in the west Norwegian Caledonides and implications for multi-stage seafloor spreading and propagating rift tectonics of an Iapetus marginal basin.
  • Haaland, H. J.; Furnes, Harald. 1997. A textural and geochemical study of the Paleogene tuffaceous intervals, North Sea.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald. 1996. Microbial Alterations of the Oceanic Crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Muehlenbacks, Karlis; Furnes, Harald. 1996. Microbial Alterations of the Oceanic Crust.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald. 1996. Microbial Alterations of the Oceanic Crust.
  • Selbekk, R.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Slagstad, D. 1994. Three contrasting tonalites in the Lyngen Magmatic Complex.
  • Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B. 1994. The Lyngen Magmatic Complex: Geology and geochemistry.
  • Ravnås, R.; Furnes, Harald. 1994. The Kalvåg Melange, western Norwegian Caledonides: an olistostrome formed by progressive cannibalization of a back-arc volcanic acr apron.
  • Skår, Ø.; Furnes, Harald; Claesson, S. 1994. Middle Proterozoic orogenic magmatism within the Western Gneiss Region, Sunnfjord, Norway.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1994. Microbial activity in the alternation of glass from pillow lavas from Hole 896A.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Thorsvik, T. 1994. Microbial activity in the alternation of basaltic glass.
  • Slagstad, D.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Selbekk, R. S. 1994. Major oceanic shear zones in the Lyngen Magmatic Complex.
  • Alsaker, Einar; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Geochemistry of the Sunnfjord Melange: Sediment mixing from different sources during odduction of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, Norwegian Caledonies.
  • Furnes, Harald. 1994. Geochemistry of Leg 148 basalts drilled in Holes 504B and 896A.
  • Skjerlie, K. P.; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Evidence for a fossil transform fault in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex: West Norwegian Caledonides.
  • Pedersen, Rolf B.; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Bonintitic magmatism within Caledonian ophiolites: age relations, isotope geochemistry, petrology and petrogenetic constraints.
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald; Heldal, Mikal; Tumyr, Ole; Jakobssen, S. P. 1992. Microbiological activity in the alteration of volcanic glass from Surtsey, Iceland.
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald; Tumyr, Ole; Heldal, Mikal; Jakobssen, S. P. 1992. Microbiological activity in the alteration of some Icelandic hyaloclastites. Abstracts.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2014. Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life. Springer.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2008. Links between geological processes, microbial activities & evolution of life - microbes and geology. Springer Science+Business Media B.V..
Abstract
  • Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M.; Robins, Brian. 2010. Petrological and tectonic evolution of the Palaeoarchean Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A311-A311.
  • Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten. 2009. Thermophile inhabitants of the Archean seafloor basalts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A911-A911.
  • Dilek, Y; Furnes, Harald; Scoenberg, R. 2009. Structure and geochemistry of the incipient oceanic crust of the Red Sea and the rifted margin of Western Arabia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A293-A293.
  • Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Staudigel, H.; Banerjee, Neil; Fliegel, Daniel; Mühlenbachs, K; Dewit, M. 2009. Pillow lava as microbial habitat for 3.5 billion years: Petrographic signatures of bioalteration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A404-A404.
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Wirth, Richard; Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Combined FIB and TEM analysis of tubular alteration textures in pillow lavas from the 2.0 Ga Pechenga Greenstone Belt, Russia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A384-A384.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Banerjee, Neil; Connell, Laurie B.; Templeton, Alexis. 2008. Microbial glass bioalteration: Inferring mechanisnis of blocorrosion from trace fossil morphology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A893-A893.
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Košler, Jan; Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald. 2008. Direct in situ dating of titanite in biotextures using laser ablation MC-ICP-MS. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A274-A274.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Bebout, Gray. 2008. Biogeochemical tracers of modern and ancient life in seafloor lavas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A51-A51.
  • Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Rosing, Minik; Staudigel, Hubert. 2007. The delta O-18 of the ocean at 3.8 Ga. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A692-A692.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Mcloughlin, Nicola; de Wit, Maarten; Van Kranendonk, Martin. 2007. Direct dating of archean microbial ichnofossils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A58-A58.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Chacko, T; Muehlenbachs, K.; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M. 2005. A mechanism for preservation of ~3.5 billion-year-old microbial alteration textures in pillow basalts from the Barberton Greenstone Belt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A37.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Bailey, BE; Furnes, Harald; Tebo, B; Templeton, A. 2004. The ocean crust as a bioreactor. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A401-A401.
  • Muehlenbachs, K; Banerjee, NR; Furnes, Harald. 2004. The deep biosphere's imprint on carbonate carbon isotope systematics in basalts, from the seafloor. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A406-A406.
  • Banerjee, NR; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M. 2004. Pillow lavas as a habitat for early life on Earth. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. A402-A402.
Academic literature review
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim. 2017. Geochemical characterization and petrogenesis of intermediate to silicic rocks in ophiolites: A global synthesis. 1-37.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim; de Wit, Maarten. 2015. Precambrian greenstone sequences represent different ophiolite types. 649-685.
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Robins, Brian. 2013. A review of new interpretations of the tectonostratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution of the Onverwacht Suite, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. 403-428.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2011. Ophiolite genesis and global tectonics: Geochemical and tectonic fingerprinting of ancient oceanic lithosphere. 387-411.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Structure and geochemistry of Tethyan ophiolites and their petrogenesis in subduction rollback systems.
  • Furnes, Harald; Rosing, Minik; Dilek, Yildirim; de Wit, Maarten. 2009. Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland) – A vestige of a 3.8 Ga suprasubduction zone ophiolite, and the implications for Archean geology. 115-132.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Shallo, Minella. 2008. Geochemistry of the Jurassic Mirdita Ophiolite (Albania) and the MORB to SSZ evolution of a marginal basin oceanic crust. 174-209.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Shallo, Minella. 2007. Suprasubduction zone ophiolite formation along the periphery of Mesozoic Gondwana. 453-475.
  • El-Sayed, Mohamed M.; Furnes, Harald; Abou Shagar, El-Sayeda. 2007. Growth of the Egyptian crust in the northern East African Orogen: A review of existing models and proposed modifications. 317-341.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, Bjarte; Hellevang, Helge; Robins, Brian. 2006. Evolution of lavas in the Late Ordovician/Early Silurian Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, West Norway. 1-32.

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