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Hilary Helen Birks

Professor, Professor Emerita in Quaternary Palaeoecology and Palaeoclimate Research at the Department of Biology and at the Bjerknes Centre of Climate Research. Visiting Professor Emerita at the Environmental Change Research Centre, University College London.
  • E-mailHilary.Birks@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 33 25
  • Visitor Address
    Thormøhlensgt. 53 A/B
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Hilary Birks is a plant macrofossil specialist with particular interests in vegetation history and palaeoecology in the Late-glacial and Holocene (14,000 - 0 years ago). She took up macrofossil analysis in 1970 and now has a wide experience in Europe and North America, with special emphasis on northern and arctic ecosystems. She has studied Late-glacial palaeoecology in Scotland, Norway, and Minnesota; she has worked on Holocene ecosystem development in Norway, Svalbard, Greenland, Romania, and Tibet and on the full-glacial of Beringia (between Alaska and Siberia) and Siberia. She has also studied the historical effects of eutrophication and pollution on lake ecosystems in Minnesota, UK, and North Africa. In connection with the interpretation of plant macrofossil data, she has studied the recent deposition of plant remains.

Other major research interests include:

  • the use of terrestrial plant macrofossils for AMS radiocarbon dating, chronology, and 14C variations in the Late-glacial, including the dating of volcanic ash layers and the quantification of the marine 14C reservoir effect
  • the reconstruction of atmospheric CO2 concentrations from the stomatal density and δ13C of fossil leaves through the Late-glacial and into the Holocene
  • the combination of plant macrofossil analyses with other proxies in multi-disciplinary studies. The first of these was a pioneering study of eutrophication in Minnesota lakes in 1970. The largest was the Kråkenes Project involving 24 scientists from 5 countries, to reconstruct the late-glacial and early Holocene ecosystem responses to the climate changes. This approach was continued in the NORPAST and NORPEC projects with a transect of late-glacial sites from southern to northern Norway to determine regional climatic development and gradients since deglaciation. An assessment of recent pollution and ecosystem sustainability in North African lakes (CASSARINA) has combined analyses of diverse animal and plant remains with radiometric dating.

Major research achievements

(i)        Major contributions to knowledge of the late-glacial and Holocene vegetation of Scotland, including the palaeoecology of pine stumps found in blanket peat deposits, climate reconstruction during the late-glacial, radiocarbon chronology of late-glacial tephras, and vegetation history and biogeography of Scotland.

(ii)       A pioneering study of the modern deposition of plant remains in lakes in 1970, followed by 3 other studies in UK and Norway.

(iii)      A pioneering multi-disciplinary palaeolimnological study of lake eutrophication in 1970.

(iv)      A multi-disciplinary reconstruction of the Late-glacial and early Holocene ecosystems, environment, and climate changes at Kråkenes Lake, western Norway since 1992. Besides aquatic and vegetational development, quantitative climate reconstructions were made and compared from 5 biological proxies. Rates of environmental and climatic change were estimated. The project also included the establishment of a high-resolution Late-glacial/early Holocene radiocarbon chronology, which allowed the determination of the calendar ages of the start and end of the Younger Dryas, (the latter being the start of the Holocene) and of the Vedde and Saksunarvatn tephras. Changes in pCO2 during the late-glacial and early Holocene determined from the stomatal density of fossil Salix herbacea leaves demonstrated differences from the ice-core pCO2 record. At least 26 publications have been produced from the project, including a special issue of Journal of Paleolimnology vol. 23.

(v)       Evaluation of the importance of plant macrofossil data in the interpretation of late-glacial vegetation history as a complement to pollen analysis.

(vi)      The use of plant macrofossils where pollen data are unreliable, to study vegetation history in the Arctic and the movement of tree-lines during the Holocene.

(vii)     Multi-disciplinary records of recent lake-ecosystem responses to pollution, eutrophication, and hydrological interference, particularly in North Africa, but also in Minnesota and UK.

Teaching

Since her appointment as Professor of Quaternary Climate Changes and Palaeoecology in 2002, she has taught undergraduates about Quaternary Palaeoecology, including pollen analysis, and field courses about plant ecology and taxonomy and field methods used in Quaternary research. She has led graduate-student excursions to Öland, Spain, and Scotland. She has taught an international Plant Macrofossil Course for many years in Bergen.

She taught an international course on ‘Introduction to Plant Macrofossil Analysis’ at ECRC, University College London, 1995-2012. She has also taught macrofossil courses in Sweden and Alaska (Fairbanks).

She has supervised or co-supervised 7 doctoral students in the Universities of Bergen and London.

Scientific Collaboration

She collaborates with numerous colleagues within the University of Bergen with botanical, geological and zoological interests. She led a Quaternary palaeoecology project within the Bergen University Strategic Grant NORPEC. She has also collaborated with other Norwegian colleagues through the NFR project NORPAST, at the Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory at Trondheim, the Norwegian Geological Survey, Tromsø University, and Bø College.

She is affiliated to University College London as a Visiting Professor at the Environmental Change Research Centre. She collaborated on several research projects on pollution of North African lakes, the palaeoenvironment of northern Egypt, and recent lake ecosystem changes in the UK with scientists at the Centre. In addition, Viv Jones (ECRC, UCL) and Steve Brooks (Natural History Museum, London) have collaborated in her Norwegian and Scottish late-glacial research projects. Together with Carl Sayer and colleagues, she is compiling a Handbook of Aquatic Macrofossil Identification.

Elsewhere, she is involved in a project on the diets of extinct mastodons in mid-west North USA with Bas van Geel (Netherlands), and on Holocene tree-line dynamics in the Retezat Mountains in the Romanian Carpathians with Iló Orban and Enikö Magyari (Hungary). She worked with Minna Väliranta (Finland) on interstadial and early Holocene climates in Finland. She has played a role in the INTIMATE (INTegration of Ice-core, MArine and TErrestrial data, 60,000-8000 years ago) project over many years.

Her research activities have been documented in her paper ‘My Life with Macrofossils’ in Journal of Paleolimnology 57, 181-200

Publications

A list of Hilary Birks’s publications since 1970. Reprints of many of them are available on request.

Other interests

Hilary Birks has a strong interest in photography of plants in the wild, associated with enjoyment of visiting alpine areas around the world to study their flora. Her other major hobby is gardening, with a special interest in growing alpine plants.

 

Publications to 2016

Books
  • Thompson, Des B.A.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe. 572 pages. ISBN: 9781904078609.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Kaland, Peter Emil; Moe, Dagfinn. 2004. The cultural landscape - Past, present and future. Cambridge University Press. 521 pages.
  • Frenzel, Burkhard; Birks, Hilary Helen; Alm, Torbjørn; Vorren, Karl-Dag. 1996. Holocene treeline oscilations, dendrochronology and paleocl imate. ISBN: 3-437-25386-7.
  • Frenzel, Burkhard; Birks, Hilary Helen; Alm, Torbjørn; Vorren, Karl-Dag. 1996. Holocene treeline oscilations, dendrochronology and paleoclimate (special issue of periodical: Pal@æoklimaforschung = Paleoclimate Research. 301 pages. ISBN: 3-437-25386-7.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Kaland, Peter Emil; Moe, Dagfinn. 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Kaland, Peter Emil; Moe, Dagfinn. 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
Journal articles
  • Birks, Hilary H; van Geel, Bas; Fisher, D.C.; Grimm, Eric C.; Kuijper, Wim J.; van Arkel, J.; van Reenen, G.B.A. 2019. Evidence for the diet and habitat of two late Pleistocene mastodons from the Midwest, USA. Quaternary Research. doi: 10.1017/qua.2018.100
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2018. Michael Proctor (1929-2017). BSBI News. 138: 66-70.
  • Finsinger, Walter; Fevre, Jordan; Orban, Ildiko; Pál, Ilona; Vincze, Ildikó; Hubay, Katalin; Birks, Hilary H; Braun, Mihály; Tóth, Mónika; Magyari, Enikö. 2018. Holocene fire-regime changes near the tree-line in the Retezat Mts. (Southern Carpathians, Romania). Quaternary International. 477: 94-105. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.04.029
  • Fjordheim, Kristine; Moen, Asbjørn; Hjelle, Kari Loe; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Birks, Hilary H. 2018. Modern pollen–vegetation relationships in traditionally mown and unmanaged boreal rich-fen communities in central Norway. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 251: 14-27. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.01.001
  • Mangerud, Jan; Birks, Hilary H; Halvorsen, Lene Synnøve; Hughes, Anna L.C.; Nashoug, Ole; Nystuen, Johan Petter; Paus, Aage; Sørensen, Rolf; Svendsen, John-Inge. 2018. The timing of deglaciation and the sequence of pioneer vegetation at Ringsaker, eastern Norway – and an earthquake-triggered landslide. Norwegian Journal of Geology. 98: 301-318. doi: 10.17850/njg98-3-03
  • Orban, Ildiko; Birks, Hilary H; Vincze, Ildikó; Finsinger, Walter; Pál, Ilona; Marinova, Elena; Jakab, Gusztáv; Braun, Mihály; Hubay, Katalin; Biró, Tamás Sándor; Magyari, Enikö K. 2018. Treeline and timberline dynamics on the northern and southern slopes of the Retezat Mountains (Romania) during the late glacial and the Holocene. Quaternary International. 477: 59-78. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.03.012
  • Thorne, Margaret; Thorne, David; Duo, La; Qiong, La; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Grytnes, Johannes; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2018. Meconopsis torquata in the mountains near Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region. The Rock Garden. 140: 82-89.
  • Zhang, Yan-Jie; Duo, La; Pang, You-Zhi; Felde, Vivian Astrup; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2018. Modern pollen assemblages and their relationships to vegetation and climate in the Lhasa Valley, Tibetan Plateau, China. Quaternary International. 467: 210-221. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.01.040
  • Graae, Bente Jessen; Vandvik, Vigdis; Armbruster, W. Scott; Eiserhardt, Wolf L.; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Hylander, Kristoffer; Ehrlén, Johan; Speed, James David Mervyn; Klanderud, Kari; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Milbau, Ann; Opedal, Øystein Hjorthol; Alsos, Inger Greve; Ejrnæs, Rasmus; Bruun, Hans Henrik; Birks, H. John B.; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Birks, Hilary H; Lenoir, Jonathan. 2017. Stay or go - how topographic complexity influences alpine plant population and community responses to climate change. Perspectives in plant ecology, evolution and systematics. 30: 41-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ppees.2017.09.008
  • Vincze, Ildikó; Orban, Ildiko; Birks, Hilary H; Pál, Ilona; Finsinger, Walter; Hubay, Katalin; Marinova, Elena; Jakab, Gusztav; Braun, Mihály; Biró, Tamás S.; Toth, Monika; Danau, Claudia; Ferencz, Iosif V; Magyari, Enikö. 2017. Holocene treeline and timberline changes in the South Carpathians (Romania): Climatic and anthropogenic drivers on the southern slopes of the Retezat Mountains. The Holocene. 27: 1613-1630. doi: 10.1177/0959683617702227
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2016. How have studies of ancient DNA from sediments contributed to the reconstruction of Quaternary floras? New Phytologist. 209: 499-506. doi: 10.1111/nph.13657
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H; Ammann, Birgitta. 2016. The fourth dimension of vegetation. Science. 354: 412-413. doi: 10.1126/science.aai8737
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2016. My life with macrofossils. Journal of Paleolimnology. 57: 181-200. doi: 10.1007/s10933-015-9869-8
  • Engstrom, Daniel R.; Birks, Hilary H; Battarbee, Richard W. 2016. In Memoriam: Herbert Edgar Wright, Jr.: 13 September 1917 – 12 November 2015. Journal of Paleolimnology. 58: 73-78. doi: 10.1007/s10933-016-9885-3
  • Telford, Richard; Chipperfield, Joseph; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2016. How foreign is the past? (brief communication arising from Lyons et al. 2016). Nature. 538: E1-E2. doi: 10.1038/nature20096
  • Battarbee, Richard W.; Lamb, Henry; Bennett, Keith; Edwards, Mary; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Kaland, Peter Emil; Berglund, Björn E.; Lotter, André F.; Seppä, Heikki; Willis, Katherine Jane; Herzschuh, Ulrike; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. The Holocene. 25: 3-16. doi: 10.1177/0959683614556390
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2015. South to north: Contrasting late-glacial and early-Holocene climate changes and vegetation responses between south and north Norway. The Holocene. 25: 37-52. doi: 10.1177/0959683614556375
  • Birks, Hilary H; Gelorini, Vanessa; Robinson, Erick; Hoek, Wim Z. 2015. Impacts of palaeoclimate change 60 000-8000 years ago on humans and their environments in Europe: Integrating palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data. Quaternary International. 378: 4-13. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.02.022
  • Väliranta, Minna; Salonen, J. Sakari; Heikkilä, Maija; Amon, Leeli; Helmens, Karin; Klimaschewski, Andrea; Kuhry, P.; Kultti, Seija; Poska, Anneli; Shala, Shyhrete; Veski, Siim; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. Plant macrofossil evidence for an early onset of the Holocene summer thermal maximum in northernmost Europe. Nature Communications. 6:6809. doi: 10.1038/ncomms7809
  • Birks, Hilary H; Aarnes, Ingelinn; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Brooks, Stephen J.; Bakke, Jostein; Kühl, Norbert; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2014. Late-glacial and early-Holocene climate variability reconstructed from multi-proxy records on Andøya, northern Norway. Quaternary Science Reviews. 89: 108-122. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.01.018
  • Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2014. To what extent did changes in July temperature influence late-glacial vegetation patterns in NW Europe? Quaternary Science Reviews. 106: 262-277. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.024
  • Grytnes, John Arvid; Kapfer, Jutta; Jurasinski, Gerald; Birks, Hilary H; Henriksen, Hanne; Klanderud, Kari; Odland, Arvid; Ohlson, Mikael; Wipf, Sonja; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2014. Identifying the driving factors behind observed elevational range shifts on European mountains. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 23: 876-884. doi: 10.1111/geb.12170
  • Heiri, Oliver; Brooks, Stephen J.; Renssen, Hans; Bedford, Alan; Hazekamp, Marjolein; Ilyashuk, Boris; Jeffers, Elisabeth S.; Lang, Barbara; Kirilova, Emiliya; Kuiper, Saskia; Millet, Laurent; Samartin, Stéphanie; Toth, Monika; Verbruggen, Frederike; Watson, Jenny E.; van Asch, Nelleke; Lammertsma, Emmy; Amon, Leeli; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Mortensen, Morten Fischer; Hoek, Wim Z.; Magyari, Enikö; Muñoz Sobrino, Castor; Seppä, Heikki; Tinner, Willy; Tonkov, Spassimir; Veski, Siim; Lotter, André F. 2014. Validation of climate model-inferred regional temperature change for late-glacial Europe. Nature Communications. 5. 7 pages. doi: 10.1038/ncomms5914
  • Lohne, Øystein Strand; Mangerud, Jan; Birks, Hilary H. 2014. IntCal13 calibrated ages of the Vedde and Saksunarvatn ashes and the Younger Dryas boundaries from Kråkenes, western Norway. Journal of Quaternary Science. 29: 506-507. doi: 10.1002/jqs.2722
  • Rasmussen, Sune O.; Birks, Hilary H; Blockley, Simon P.E.; Brauer, Achim; Hajdas, Irka; Hoek, Wim Z.; Lowe, J. John; Moreno, Ana; Renssen, Hans; Roche, Didier M.; Svensson, Anders M.; Valdes, Paul J.; Walker, Mike J.C. 2014. Dating, synthesis, and interpretation of palaeoclimatic records of the Last Glacial cycle and model-data integration: advances by the INTIMATE (INTegration of Ice-core, MARrine and TErrestrial records) COST Action ES0907. Quaternary Science Reviews. 106: 1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.031
  • Seddon, Alistair; Mackay, Anson W.; Baker, Ambroise G.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Breman, Elinor; Buck, C.E.; Ellis, Erle C.; Froyd, Cynthia A.; Gill, Jacquelyn L.; Gillson, Lindsey; Johnson, Edward A.; Jones, Vivienne J.; Juggins, Stephen; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Mills, Keely; Morris, Jesse L.; Nogués-Bravo, David; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Roland, Thomas P.; Tanentzap, Andrew; Willis, Katherine Jane; Aberhan, Martin; van Asperen, Eline N.; Austin, William E.N.; Battarbee, Richard W.; Bhagwat, Shonil; Belanger, Christina L.; Bennett, Keith D.; Birks, Hilary H; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Brooks, Stephen J.; de Bruyn, Mark; Butler, Paul G.; Chambers, F. M.; Clarke, Stewart J.; Davies, Althea L.; Dearing, John A.; Ezard, Thomas H.G.; Feurdean, Angelica; Flower, Roger J.; Gell, Peter; Hausmann, Sonja; Hogan, Erika J.; Hopkins, Melanie J.; Jeffers, Elizabeth S.; Korhola, Atte A.; Marchant, Robert; Kiefer, Thorsten; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle; López-Merino, Lourdes; Liow, Lee Hsiang; McGowan, Suzanne; Miller, Joshua H.; Montoya, Encarni; Morton, Oliver; Nogué, Sandra; Onoufriou, Chloe; Boush, Lisa P.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, F; Rose, Neil L.; Sayer, Carl D.; Shaw, Helen E.; Payne, Richard; Simpson, Gavin; Sohar, Kadri; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Williams, John W.; Witkowski, Andrzej. 2014. Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology. 102: 256-267. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12195
  • Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2013. Vegetation responses to late-glacial climate changes in western Norway. Preslia (Praha). 85: 215-237.
  • Boyle, John; Chiverrell, Richard; Plater, Andrew; Thrasher, Ian; Bradshaw, Emily; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2013. Soil mineral depletion drives early Holocene lake acidification. Geology. 41: 415-418. doi: 10.1130/G33907.1
  • Lohne, Øystein Strand; Mangerud, Jan; Birks, Hilary H. 2013. Precise 14C ages of the Vedde and Saksunarvatn ashes and the Younger Dryas boundaries from western Norway and their comparison with the Greenland Ice Core (GICC05) chronology. Journal of Quaternary Science. 28: 490-500. doi: 10.1002/jqs.2640
  • Wolfe, Alexander P.; Hobbs, William O.; Birks, Hilary H; Briner, Jason P.; Holmgren, Sofia U.; Ingólfsson, Ólafur; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Miller, Gifford H.; Pagani, Mark; Saros, Jasmine E.; Vinebrooke, Rolf D. 2013. Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes. Earth-Science Reviews. 116: 17-34. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.11.001
  • Aarnes, Ingelinn; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Birks, Hilary H; Balascio, Nicholas L.; Bakke, Jostein; Blaauw, Maarten. 2012. Vegetation responses to rapid climate changes during the last deglaciation 13 500 - 8000 years ago on southwest Andøya, arctic Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 21: 17-35. doi: 10.1007/s00334-011-0320-4
  • Aarnes, Ingelinn; Kühl, Norbert; Birks, Hilary H. 2012. Quantitative climate reconstruction from late-glacial and early Holocene plant macrofossils in western Norway using the probability density function approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 170: 27-39. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.11.001
  • Birks, Hilary H; Giesecke, Thomas; Hewitt, Godfrey; Tzedakis, P. Chronis; Bakke, Jostein; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2012. Comment on "Glacial survival of boreal trees in northern Scandinavia". Science. 338: 742-742. doi: 10.1126/science.1225345
  • Birks, Hilary H; Jones, Vivienne J.; Brooks, Stephen J.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Telford, Richard; Juggins, Steve; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret. 2012. From cold to cool in northernmost Norway: Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-proxy environmental and climate reconstructions from Jansvatnet, Hammerfest. Quaternary Science Reviews. 33: 100-120. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.11.013
  • Brooks, Stephen J.; Matthews, Ian P.; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2012. High resolution Late-glacial and early-Holocene summer air temperature records from Scotland inferred from Chironomid assemblages. Quaternary Science Reviews. 41: 67-82. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.03.007
  • Cañellas-Boltà, Nuria; Rull, Valenti; Sáez, Alberto; Margalef, Olga; Giralt, Santiago; Pueyo, Juan José; Birks, Hilary H; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Pla-Rabes, Sergi. 2012. Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews. 34: 113-126. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.12.013
  • Heggen, Marianne Presthus; Birks, Hilary H; Heiri, Olivier; Grytnes, John Arvid; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2012. Are fossil assemblages in a single sediment core from a small lake representative of total deposition of mite, chironomid, and plant macrofossil remains? Journal of Paleolimnology. 48: 669-691. doi: 10.1007/s10933-012-9637-y
  • Matthews, I.P.; Birks, Hilary H; Bourne, AJ; Brooks, SJ; Lowe, JJ; MacLeod, A.; Pyne-O'Donnell, Sean. 2011. New age estimates and climatostratigraphic correlations for the Borrobol and Penifiler Tephras: evidence from Abernethy Forest, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 26: 247-252. doi: 10.1002/jqs.1498
  • Mortensen, Morten Fischer; Birks, Hilary H; Christensen, Charlie; Holm, Jørgen; Noe-Nygaard, Nanna; Odgaard, Bent vad; Olsen, Jesper; Rasmussen, Kaare Lund. 2011. Lateglacial vegetation development in Denmark - New evidence based on macrofossils and pollen from Slotseng, a small-scale site in southern Jutland. Quaternary Science Reviews. 30: 2534-2550. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.04.018
  • Birks, Hilary H; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth. 2010. Can we detect a west Norwegian tree line from modern samples of plant remains and pollen? Results from the DOORMAT project. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 19: 325-340. doi: 10.1007/s00334-010-0256-0
  • Birks, Hilary H; Cotton, Steven. 2010. Eastern Cape Odyssey. Alpine Gardener. 78: 422-444.
  • Birks, Hilary H; van Dinter, Marieke. 2010. Lateglacial and early Holocene vegetation and climate gradients in the Nordfjord-Alesund area, western Norway. Boreas. 39: 783-798. doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2010.00161.x
  • De La Riva, Arguitxu Caballero; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Birks, Hilary H; Solhøy, Torstein. 2010. Oribatid mite assemblages across the tree-line in western Norway and their representation in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology. 44: 361-374. doi: 10.1007/s10933-010-9411-y
  • Heggen, Marianne Presthus; Birks, Hilary H; Anderson, N. John. 2010. Long-term ecosystem dynamics of a small lake and its catchment in west Greenland. The Holocene. 20: 1207-1222. doi: 10.1177/0959683610371995
  • Larrasoana, Juan C; Ortuno, Maria; Birks, Hilary H; Valero-Garces, Blas; Pares, Josep M; Copons, Ramon; Camarero, Lluis; Bordonau, Jaume. 2010. Palaeoenvironmental and palaeoseismic implications of a 3700-year sedimentary record from proglacial Lake Barrancs (Maladeta Massif, Central Pyrenees, Spain). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 294: 83-93. doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.04.003
  • Bakke, Jostein; Lie, Øyvind; Heegaard, Einar; Dokken, Trond Martin; Haug, Gerald; Birks, Hilary H; Dulski, Peter; Nilsen, Trygve. 2009. Rapid oceanic and atmospheric changes during the Younger Dryas cold period. Nature Geoscience. 2: 202-205. doi: 10.1038/NGEO439
  • Väliranta, Minna; Birks, Hilary H; Helmens, Karin F.; Engels, Stefan; Piirainen, Mikko. 2009. Early Weichselian interstadial (MIS 5c) summer temperatures were higher than today in northern Fennoscandia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 28: 777-782. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.01.004
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2008. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Younger Dryas-Holocene transition at Kråkenes, western Norway. The Holocene. 18: 19-30. doi: 10.1177/0959683607085572
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2008. The Late-Quaternary history of arctic and alpine plants. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 1: 135-146. doi: 10.1080/17550870802328652
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2008. Alpines on the equator. Alpine Gardener. 76: 426-435.
  • van Geel, Bas; Aptroot, André; Baittinger, Claudia; Birks, Hilary H; Bull, Ian D.; Cross, Hugh B.; Evershed, Richard P.; Gravendeel, Barbara; Kompanje, Erwin J.O.; Kuperus, Peter; Mol, Dick; Nierop, Klaas G.J.; Pals, Jan Peter; Tikhonov, Alexei N.; van Reenen, Guido; van Tienderen, Peter H. 2008. The ecological implications of a Yakutian mammoth's last meal. Quaternary Research. 69: 361-376. doi: 10.1016/j.yqres.2008.02.004
  • Birks, HJB; Birks, Hilary H. 2007. Winifred Tutin (1915-2007). Journal of Paleolimnology. 38: 601-605. doi: 10.1007/s10933-007-9152-8
  • Birks, HJB; Birks, Hilary H; Everson, Joanne; Jans, Harry; Thorne, David; Thorne, Margaret. 2007. The AGS in Tibet 2005. Quarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden Society. 75: 289-349.
  • Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Birks, HJB; Birks, Hilary H. 2007. Planter og fortidens klima. Ottar. 265: 32-38.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2006. Expedition Northern Patagonia November-December 2005. Quarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden Society. 55 pages.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2006. Derek Almey Ratcliffe, B.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc. (1929-2005). Journal of Bryology. 28: 71-75. doi: 10.1179/174328206X104589
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2006. Multi-proxy studies in palaeolimnology. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 15: 235-251. doi: 10.1007/s00334-006-0066-6
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Larsen, Eiliv; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2006. On the presence of late-glacial trees in western Norway and the Scandes: a further comment. Journal of Biogeography. 33: 376-377. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01437
  • Bondevik, Stein; Mangerud, J; Birks, HH; Gulliksen, S; Reimer, P. 2006. Changes in North Atlantic radiocarbon reservoir ages during the Allerod and Younger Dryas. Science. 312.
  • Bondevik, Stein; Mangerud, Jan; Birks, Hilary H.; Gulliksen, Steinar; Reimer, Paula. 2006. Changes in North Atlantic Radiocarbon Reservoir Ages During the Allerød and Younger Dryas. Science. 312: 1514-1517. doi: 10.1126/scince.1123300
  • Eide, Wenche; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2006. Stomatal frequency of Betula pubescens and Pinus sylvestris shows no proportional relationship with atmospheric CO2 concentration. Nordic Journal of Botany. 24: 327-339.
  • Eide, Wenche; Birks, Hilary Helen; Bigelow, Nancy H; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2006. Holocene forest development along the Setesdal valley, southern Norway, reconstructed from macrofossil and pollen evidence. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 15: 65-85. doi: 10.1007/s00334-005-0025-7
  • Zhao, Yan; Sayer, Carl D.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Hughes, Michael; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret. 2006. Spatial representation of aquatic vegetation by macrofossils and pollen in a small and shallow lake. Journal of Paleolimnology. 35: 335-350. doi: 10.1007/s10933-005-1336-5
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2005. Derek Almey Ratcliffe. Plant Talk. 41: 40-41.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Larsen, Eiliv; Birks, H.J.B. 2005. On the presence of late-glacial trees in western Norway and the Scandes: a further comment. Journal of Biogeography. 33: 376-378.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Larsen, Eiliv; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2005. Did tree-Betula, Pinus and Picea survive the last glaciation along the west coast of Norway? A review of the evidence, in light of Kullman (2002). Journal of Biogeography. 32: 1461-1471. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01287
  • Baker, W.J.; Henderson, S.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2004. On the Jhomolhari Trail. Alpine Gardener. 72: 269-297.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2004. Paleoecology - The rise and fall of forests. Science. 305: 484-485.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2004. The Rise and Fall of Forests. Science. 305: 484-485.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2004. Lily beetles in Norway. Alpine Gardener. 72: 6-7.
  • Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Birks, Hilary Helen; Seppä, Heiki. 2004. Holocene vegetation and climate history on a continental-oceanic transect in northern Fennoscandia based on pollen and plant macrofossils. Boreas. 33: 211-223.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2003. Knut Fægri (1909-2001). Watsonia. 24. 462-464.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2003. Up the Wall. Alpine Gardener. 71: 279-280.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2003. The importance of plant macrofossils in the reconstruction of Lateglacial vegetation and climate: examples from Scotland, western Norway, and Minnesota, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews. 22: 453-473.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2002. Anemone, Arenaria, Astragalus, Braya, Chrysosplenium, Corydalis, Draba, Gentiana, Gentianopsis, Halenia, and Comastoma, Gueldenstaedtia, Hedysarum, Koenigia, Oxytropis, Parnassia, Potentilla, Pyrola, Rhodiola, Saxifraga, Sedum, Sibbaldia, Silene, Soroseris, and Trollius. The Holocene. 70: 313-342.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2002. Knut Fægri. Plant Talk. 28: 10.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2002. Louseworts in Sichuan and Qinghai. Alpine Gardener. 70: 296-304.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2002. The recent extinction of Azolla nilotica in the Nile Delta, Egypt. Acta Palaeobotanica. 42: 203-214.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2002. Cremanthodium and Ligularia in Sichuan and Qinghai. Alpine Gardener. 70: 318-320.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Grey-Wilson, C. 2002. Primula in Sichuan and Qinghai. Alpine Gardener. 70: 334-338.
  • Flower, R.J.; Dobinson, S.; Ramdani, M.; Kraiem, M.M.; Ben Hamza, C.; Fathi, A.A.; Abdelhazer, H.M.A; Birks, Hilary Helen; Appleby, P.G.; Lees, J.A.; Shilland, E.; Patrick, S.T. 2002. Recent environmental change in North African wetland lakes: diatom and other stratigraphic evidence from nine sites in the CASSARINA Project. Aquatic Ecology. 35: 369-388.
  • Seppä, Heikki; Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2002. Rapid climatic changes during the Greenland stadial 1 (Younger dryas) to early Holocene transition on the Norwegian Barents sea coast. Boreas. 31: 215-225.
  • Solem, J.O.; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2002. Late-glacial and early-Holocene Trichoptera (Insecta) from Kråkenes Lake, western Norway. What Trichoptera fossil remains tell us about climatic changes. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Trichoptera - Nova Supplement Entomologicae. 15: 75-80.
  • Appleby, P.G.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Flower, R.J.; Rose, N.; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret; Ramdani, M.; Kraiem, M.M.; Fathi, A.A. 2001. Radiometrically determined dates and sedimentation rates for recent sediments in nine North African wetland lakes (the CASSARINA Project). Aquatic Ecology. 35: 347-367.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Flower, R.J.; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret; Ramdani, M. 2001. Recent ecosystem dynamics in nine North African lakes in the CASSARINA Project. Aquatic Ecology. 35: 461-478.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret; Boomer, I.; Flower, R.J.; Ramdani, M.; Appleby, P.G.; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth; Patrick, S.T.; Kraiem, M.M.; Fathi, A.A.; Abdelhazer, H.M.A. 2001. Palaeolimnological responses of nine North Africanlakes in the CASSARINA Project to recent environmental changes and human impact detected by plant macrofossil, pollen, and faunal analyses. Aquatic Ecology. 35: 405-430.
  • Freund, Holger; Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2001. The identification of wingless Betula fruits in Weichselian sediments in the Gross Todtshorn borehole (Lower Saxony, Germany) - the occurrence of Betula humilis Schrank. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 10: 107-115.
  • Goetcheus, Victoria G.; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2001. Full-glacial upland tundra vegetation preserved under tephra in the Beringia National Park, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews. 20: 135-147.
  • Heegaard, Einar; Birks, Hilary Helen; Gibson, Chris E.; Smith, Steven J.; Wolf-Murphy, Shaun. 2001. Species-environmental relationships of aquatic macrophytes in Northern Ireland. Aquatic Botany. 70: 175-223.
  • Lowe, J. John; Hoek, Wim Z.; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2001. Inter-regional corrlatio of palaeoclimatic records for the Last Glacial-Interglacial Transition: a protocol for improved precision recommended by the INTIMATE project group. Quaternary Science Reviews. 20: 1175-1187.
  • Peglar, Sylvia Margaret; Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Appleby, P.G.; Fathi, A.A.; Flower, R.J.; Kraiem, M.M.; Patrick, S.T.; Ramdani, M. 2001. Terrestrial pollen record of recent land-use changes around nine North African lakes in the CASSARINA project. Aquatic Ecology. 35: 431-448.
  • Ramdani, M.; Elkhiati, N; Flower, R.J.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Kraiem, M.M.; Fathi, A.A.; Patrick, S.T. 2001. Open water zooplankton communities in North African wetland lakes: th CASSARINA Project. Aquatic Ecology. 35: 319-333.
  • Ramdani, M.; Flower, R.J.; Elkhiati, N; Birks, Hilary Helen; Kraiem, M.M.; Fathi, A.A. 2001. Zooplankton (Cladocera, Ostracoda), Chironomidae and other benthic faunal remains in sediment cores from nine North African wetland lakes: the CASSARINA Project. Aquatic Ecology. 35: 389-403.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. Late-Glacial and Early-Holocene Climate Reconstructions at Kråkenes Lake, a West Norwegian Point on PEP III. Pages. 8: 17-18.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. Aquatic macrophyte vegetation development in Kråkenes Lake, western Norway, during the late-glacial and early-Holocne. Journal of Paleolimnology. 23: 7-19.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Ammann, Birgitta. 2000. Two terrestrial records of rapid climatic change during the glacial - Holocene transition (14,000 - 9,000 calendar years B.P.) from Europe. MANGLER. 97: 1390-1394.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Battarbee, R.W.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Bradshaw, E.G.; Brooks, S.J.; Duigan, C.A.; Jones, V.J.; Lemdahl, G.; Peglar, Sylvia Margaret; Solem, J.O.; Solhøy, Ingrid W.; Solhøy, Torstein; Stalsberg, M.K. 2000. The develoopment of the aquatic ecosystem at Kråkenes Lake, western Norway, during the late-glacial and early-Holocene - a synthesis. Journal of Paleolimnology. 23: 91-114.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2000. Searching for alpines in the wild. Quarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden Society. 68: 48-52.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2000. Future uses of pollen analysis must include plant macrofossils. Journal of Biogeography. 27. 31-35.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Wright, H.E. 2000. Introduction to the reconstruction of the late-glacial and early-Holocene aquatic ecosystems at Kråkenes Lake, Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 23: 1-5.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Wright, Herbert E. 2000. Late-glacial and early-Holocene Trichoptera (Insecta) from Kråkenes Lake, western Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 21: 1-8.
  • Bradshaw, E.G.; Jones, V.J.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. Diatom responses to late-glacial and early-Holocene environmental changes at Kråkenes, western Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 23: 21-34.
  • Duigan, C.A.; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. The late-glacial and early-Holocene palaeoecology of cladoceran microfossil assemblages at Kråkenes, western Norway, with a reconstruction of temperature changes. Journal of Paleolimnology. 23: 67-76.
  • Solem, John O.; Solem, John Olai; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. Late-glacial and early-Holocene Trichoptera (Insecta) from Kråkenes Lake, western Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 21: 1-8.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 1999. Stomata åpner for CO2-studier. Naturen. 123: 189-199.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Eide, Wenche; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 1999. Early Holocene atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Science. 286: 1815-1816.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Eide, Wenche; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 1999. Early Holocene Atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Science. 286: 1815-1816.
  • Bondevik, S; Birks, Hilary Helen; Gulliksen, S; Mangerud, Jan. 1999. Late Weichselian marine 14C reservoir ages at the western coast of Norway. Quaternary Research. 52: 104-114.
  • Bondevik, Stein; Birks, H. H.; Gulliksen, S.; Mangerud, J. 1999. Late-Weichselian marine 14 C reservoirages at the western coast of Norway. Quaternary Research. 52: 104-114.
  • Bondevik, Stein; Birks, Hilary Helen; Gulliksen, Steinar; Mangerud, Jan. 1999. Late weichselian marine 14C reservoir ages at the western coast of Norway. Quaternary Research. 52: 102-114.
  • Lowe, J.J.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Brooks, S.J.; Coope, G.R.; Harkness, D.D.; Mayle, F.E; Sheldrick, C.; Turney, C.S.M.; Walker, M.J.C. 1999. The chronology of palaeoenvironmental changes during the Last Glacial-Holocene transition: towards an event stratigraphy for the British Isles. Journal of the Geological Society. 156: 397-410.
  • Mayle, F.E; Bell, M.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Brooks, S.J.; Coope, G.R.; Lowe, J.J.; Sheldrick, C.; Shijie, L.; Turney, C.S.M; Walker, M.J.C. 1999. Climate variations in Britain during the Last glacial - Holocene transition (15.0-11.5 cal Ka BP): comparison with the GRIP ice-core record. Journal of Geological Society of London. 156: 411-423.
  • Björck, S.; Walker, M.J.C.; Cwynar, L.C.; Johnsen, S.; Knutsen, K-L.; Lowe, J.J.; Wohlfarth, B; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1998. An event stratigraphy for the Last Termination in the North Atlantic region based on the Greenland ice-core record, a proposal by the INTIMATE grou. Journal of Quaternary Science. 13. 283-292.
  • Gulliksen, Steinar; Birks, Hilary Helen; Possnert, Göran; Mangerud, Jan. 1998. A calendar age estimate of the Younger Dryas-Holocene boundary at Kråkenes, western Norway. The Holocene. 8: 249-259.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1997. With AGS in Northern California. Quarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden Society. 65: 163-173.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 1997. A reconstruction of the aquatic ecosystem development Kråkenes Lake, Norway, during the late-glacial and early Holocene. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 41: 31-32.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; van Dinter, Marieke. 1997. Betula species in the west Norwegian late-glacial interstadial and early Holocene, and the reconstruction of climate gradients. Geonytt. 24: 102-102.
  • Elias, Scott A.; Short, Susan K.; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1997. Late Wisconsin environments of the Bering Land Bridge. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 136: 293-308. Published 1997-12-15.
  • Birks, H.H. 1996. The Kråkenes Late-glacial Palaeolimnological Project. Journal of Paleolimnology. 281-286.
  • Birks, H.H.; Solem, John Olai. 1996. The Kråkenes Late-glacial Palaeoenvironmental Project. Journal of Paleolimnology. 15: 281-286.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Haflidason, Haflidi; Hauge, Frank; Jonsgard, Birgitte; Løvlie, Reidar; Mangerud, Jan; Peglar, Sylvia Margareth; Solhøy, Ingrid Barbara; Solhøy, Torstein; et al., [Mangler fornavn]. 1996. The Kråkenes Late-glacial Palaeoenvironmental Project. Journal of Paleolimnology. 15: 281-286.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Gulliksen, Steinar; Haflidason, Haflidi; Mangerud, Jan; Possnert, G. 1996. New radiocarbon dates for the Vedde ash and the Saksunarvatn ash from western Norway. Quaternary Research. 0045: 119-127.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Vorren, Karl-Dag; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 1996. Holocene treelines, Dendrochronology and Palaeoclimate. Paläoklimaforschung. 21. 1-18.
  • Dinter, Marieke van; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1996. Distinguishing fossil Betula nana and B. pubescens using their wingless fruits: implications for the late-glacial vegetational history of western Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 5: 229-240.
  • Elias, Scott A.; Short, Susan K.; Nelson, C. Hans; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1996. Life and times of the Bering land bridge. Nature. 382: 60-63. Published 1996-07-04.
  • van Dinter, Marieke; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1996. Distinguishing fossil Betula nana and B. pubescens using their wingless fruits: Implications for the late-glacial vegetational history of western Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 5: 229-240.
  • Beerling, David J; Birks, Hilary Helen; Woodward, Ian. 1995. Rapid Communication Rapid late-glacial atmospheric CO2 changes reconstructed from the stomatal density record of fossil leaves. Journal of Quaternary Science. 10: 379-384. Published 1995-09-11.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 1995. By the road on the Furka Pass. Quarterly Bulletin of the Alpine Garden Society. 63: 44-45.
  • Jonsgard, Birgitte; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1995. Late-glacial mosses and environmental reconstructions at Kråkenes, western Norway. Lindbergia. 20. 64-82.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 1994. Plant macrofossils and the nunatak theory of per-glacial survival. Dissertationes Botanicae. 234: 129-143.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 1994. Late-glacial vegetational ecotones and climatic patterns in Western Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 3: 107-119.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 1994. The importance of plant macrofossils in late-glacial climatic reconstructions: an example from western Norway. Quaternary Science Reviews. 12: 719-726.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Paus, Aage; Svendsen, J.I.; Alm, T.; Mangerud, Jan; Landvik, J. 1994. Late Weichselian environmental change in Norway, including Svalbard. Journal of Quaternary Science. 9: 133-145.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Paus, Aage; Svendsen, J.I.; Alm, T.; Mangerud, Jan; Landvik, J. 1994. Late Weichselian environmental change in Norway, including Svalbard. Journal of Quaternary Science. 9: 133-145.
  • Lowe, J. J.; Ammann, B.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Björck, S.; Coope, G. R.; Cwynar, L.; Beaulieu, J. -L. De; Mott, R. J.; Peteet, D. M.; Walker, M. J. C. 1994. Climatic changes in areas adjacent to the Northe Atlantic during the last glacial-interglacial transition (14-9 ka BP): a contribution to IGCP - 253. Journal of Quaternary Science. 9: 185-198.
  • OConnell, M.; Paus, Aage; Huang, C. C.; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1994. Investigations towards the reconstruction of the late-glacial environment at Lurga, S. E. Burren. I. The sedimentary record and the pollen and macrofossil evidence. IQUA Guide to the Burren.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Lemdahl, G.; Svendsen, John-Inge; Landvik, J. Y. 1993. Palaeoecology of a late Allerød peat bed at Godøy, western Norway. Journal of Quaternary Science. 8: 147-159.
  • Ratcliffe, D. A.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1993. The ecology and conservation of the Killarney Fern (Trichomanes speciosum Willd.) in Britain and Ireland. Biological Conservation. 66: 231-247.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Murray, C. W.; Birks, Hilary Helen; Murray, R. W. 1992. Notes on the flora and vegetation of Canna and Sanday. Botanical Journal of Scotland. 46: 15-26.
  • Alm, Torbjørn; Birks, Hilary. 1991. Late Weichselian flora and vegetation of Andøya, Northern Norway - macrofossil (seed and fruit) evidence from Nedre Æråsvatn. Nordic Journal of Botany. 11: 465-476.
Reports and theses
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2004. An experiment to imrove scientific communication skills amongst Norwegian students. Universitets pedogogisk utviklingsarbeid i Bergen., Bergen. 9 pages.
Book sections
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. Derek Ratcliffe – botanist and plant ecologist. Chapter 4, pages 39-89. In:
    • Thompson, Des B.A.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe. 572 pages. ISBN: 9781904078609.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Thompson, Des B.A.; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. Derek Ratcliffe – early days in pursuit of nature. Chapter 1, pages 3-20. In:
    • Thompson, Des B.A.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary H. 2015. Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe. 572 pages. ISBN: 9781904078609.
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2014. 14 entries. 14 entries, pages . In:
    • Matthews, John A. 2014. Encyclopedia of Environmental Change. Sage Publications. 1369 pages. ISBN: 978-1-4462-4711-2.
  • Ammann, Birgitta; Birks, Hilary H; Walanus, Adam; Wasylikova, Krysyna. 2013. Late glacial multidisciplinary studies including plant macrofossils. Chapter in Volume 3, pages 785-793. In:
    • Elias, Scott A.; Mock, Cary J. 2013. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 2nd edition. Elsevier. 3888 pages. ISBN: 9780444536433.
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2013. Plant Macrofossil Introduction. Section introduction, pages 593-612. In:
    • Elias, Scott A.; Mock, Cary J. 2013. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 2nd edition. Elsevier. 3888 pages. ISBN: 9780444536433.
  • Birks, Hilary H. 2013. Dedication - Bill Watts. Dedication, pages vi-vi. In:
    • Elias, Scott A.; Mock, Cary J. 2013. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 2nd edition. Elsevier. 3888 pages. ISBN: 9780444536433.
  • Gaillard, Marie-José; Birks, Hilary H. 2013. The contribution of plant macrofossil analysis to paleolimnology. Chapter in Volume 3, pages 657-673. In:
    • Elias, Scott A.; Mock, Cary J. 2013. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 2nd edition. Elsevier. 3888 pages. ISBN: 9780444536433.
  • Ammann, Birgitta; Birks, Hilary Helen; Walanus, Adam; Wasylikova, Krysyna. 2007. Late glacial multidisciplinary studies. Late glacial multidisciplinary studies, pages 2475-2486. In:
    • Elias, Scott A. 2007. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, Four-Volume Set, 1-4. Elsevier. 3576 pages. ISBN: 0-444-51919-X.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2007. Plant macrofossil introduction. Plant macrofossil introduction., pages 2266-2288. In:
    • Elias, Scott A. 2007. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, Four-Volume Set, 1-4. Elsevier. 3576 pages. ISBN: 0-444-51919-X.
  • Gaillard, Marie-José; Birks, Hilary Helen. 2007. Paleolimnological applications. Paleolimnological applications, pages 2337-2356. In:
    • Elias, Scott A. 2007. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, Four-Volume Set, 1-4. Elsevier. 3576 pages. ISBN: 0-444-51919-X.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Kristensen, Dorthe Klitgaard; Dokken, Trond Martin; Andersson, Carin. 2005. Exploratoty Comparisons of Quantitative Temperature Estimates Over the Last Deglaciation in Norway and the Norwegian Sea. 158, pages 341-354. In:
    • Drange, Helge; Dokken, Trond Martin; Furevik, Tore; Gerdes, Rudiger; Berger, Wolfgang. 2005. The Nordic Seas - An Integrated Perspective. American Geophysical Union (AGU). 366 pages. ISBN: 0-87590-423-8.
  • Bondevik, Stein; Mangerud, Jan; Reimer, P.J.; Birks, H. H.; Gulliksen, S. 2005. Endringar i marin 14C reservoaralder gjennom Preboreal-Yngre dryas-Allerød på vestkysten av Noreg. Abstract, pages 16-17. In:
    • Nakrem, Hans Arne. 2005. Abstracts and Proceedings of the Geological Society of Norway, 1, 2005. 131 pages. ISBN: 82-92394-22-2.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Birks, Harry John Betteley. 2003. Reconstructing Holocene climates from pollen and plant macrofossils. 342-357. In:
    • Mackay, A. 2003. Global Change in the Holocene.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2002. 17 contributions. In:
    • Matthews, J.A. 2002. Encyclopedic Dictionary of environmental change.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2001. Plant macrofossils. 49-74. In:
    • Smol, J.P.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Last, W.M. 2001. Tracking Environmental Change using Lake Sediments.Volume 3: Terrestrial, Algal, and Siliceous Indicators.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. KRÅKENES: biotic responses and magnitudesof climatic change in the late-glacial and early Holocene. 109. In:
    • Sandgren, P. 2000. Environmental Changes in Fennoscandia during the Late Quaternary. LUNDQUA. 37. MANGLER.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen. 2000. The amount of CO2 in the air breathed by the Iceman. 25-27. In:
    • Bortenschlager, S.; Oeggl, K. 2000. The Iceman and his Natural Environment. Springer.
  • Ratcliffe, D.A.; Birks, Harry John Betteley; Birks, Hilary Helen. 1999. Trichomanes speciosum Willd. 374. In:
    • Wigginton, M.J. 1999. British Red Data Books 1. Vascular Plants.
  • Birks, Harry John Betteley; Heegaard, Einar; Birks, Hilary Helen; Jonsgard, Birgitte. 1998. Quantifying bryophyte - environment relationships. 305-319. In:
    • Bates, J.W.; Ashton, N.W.; Duckett, J.G. 1998. Bryology for the Twenty-first Century.
  • Birks, Hilary Helen; Vorren, Karl-Dag. 1996. Holocene treelines, dendrochronology and paleoclimate. (General introduction). 1-18. In:
    • Frenzel, Burkhard; Birks, Hilary Helen; Alm, Torbjørn; Vorren, Karl-Dag. 1996. Holocene treeline oscilations, dendrochronology and paleocl imate. ISBN: 3-437-25386-7.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

1965:    BA, University of Cambridge

1969:    MA, University of Cambridge

1969:    PhD, University of Cambridge

2003:    Foreign member of Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters

2014:    Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

2015:    Lifetime achievement award and medal of the International Paleolimnology    Association