Home
Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui's picture

Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui

Associate Professor
  • E-mailIgnacio.Herrera-Anchustegui@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 39 20+47 450 01 201
  • Visitor Address
    Magnus Lagabøtes plass 1. 5010 Bergen. Norway.
    Bergen
    Room 
    527
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7806
    5020 Bergen

I am Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Bergen, and member of the Bergen Center for Competition Law & Economics (BECCLE) and Bergen Offshore Wind Centre (BOW). I currently lead the Research group for Natural Resource Law, Environmental Law and Development Law. My research interests are connected with the regulation of energy markets with a special emphasis on the regulation of offshore energy, offshore wind and new energy technologies, like hydrogen. Also, I have devoted a good part of my academic career to market and competition issues in the field of public procurement and buyer power.

I obtained my PhD from the University of Bergen with a thesis entitled "Buyer Power in EU Competition Law" (2012-2017), financed by the Norwegian Research Council. My PhD dissertation won the prestigious “2017 Concurrences PhD Award” to the best PhD dissertation in the field of competition law or economics of the year, awarded by Concurrences. In addition to the award, the thesis has been published as a monograph and it is available here.

As part of my on-going projects, I am the leader of the research project Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND). Further, as part of my work on energy law, I have published extensively in the field and I am one of the editors of a leading Handbook in the field - the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law.

Also, I received the Meltzerprisen for yngre forskere 2017 for my academic research and significant contributions to EU/EEA market law scholarship as a leading academic at the University of Bergen under 35 years old.

Previously I was leader of a research project financed by Statoil through the AkademiaAvtalen entitled "Regulating energy markets, a perspective from EEA/EU Competition and Public Procurement Law" (2017-2019). As part of this research project, I was awarded the prestigious International Scholar-in-Residence scholarship by the American Bar Association, which allowed me to visit the US for a period of almost four months and carry our research in the comparative regulation of transmission unbundling infrastructures in electricity markets while being a visiting researcher at Georgetown Law Center, D.C., and the School of Law of the University of Wisconsin.

If you are interested in my work, please visit my SSRN site to get access to most of my publications.

I am a frequent contributor to national and international debates in my areas of expertise. Both at academic conferences and seminar with presentations, as well as participations in popular press in the form of expert interviews in newspapers or journals.

Additionally, I am often invited to contribute as a guest author in different blogs and internet sites. For example:

 

I am involved in the teaching of several courses at the Faculty of Law of the University of Bergen. In addition, I also take part in interdisciplinary teaching at the University of Bergen but often collaborate with teaching in other institutions in the field of Energy Law (these include, for example, the University of Lisbon and the Technical University of Berlin).

At the UiB, I am currently responsible for the following courses:

  • Law of the Sea and its Uses: This course seeks to provide the law students with expertise concerning the applicable rules governing the different uses of the sea from a sustainable development and multidisciplinary perspective.

  • Energy Law: Hydrocarbons, Renewables and Energy Markets: In this course we study how legal regulation can contribute to an effective and sufficient energy production and consumption within sustainable limits.

  • International Climate Law: a course fully devoted to the analysis of the law and policy designed to mitigate climate change from an EU/EEA perspective.

Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2020). Regulating the food supply chain in Europe and the Unfair Trading Practices Directive. Revue européenne de droit de la consommation. 165-188.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Is Hywind Tampen’s State Aid Approval a Kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry? Decision 017/20/COL Hywind Tampen, EFTA Surveillance Authority. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 225-231.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Oil as Currency: Venezuela's Petro, a New 'Oil Pattern'? Oil, Gas and Energy Law (OGEL). 1-20.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Exemption from the Utilities Directive – brief overview of EU law and case law. Internetowy Kwartalnik Antymonopolowy i Regulacyjny. 149-157.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Evaluating the Commission’s Proposal for a Directive on Unfair Trading Practices. Competition in Fairness? European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). 280-289.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Buyer power and Dominance: An overview of EU and national case law - Special issue of e-Competitions. e-Competitions Bulletin.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Joint Bidding and Object Restrictions of Competition: The EFTA Court’s Take in the Taxi Case. European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). 174-179.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Buyer Power in the Big Data and Algorithm Driven World: The Uber & Lyft Example. Antitrust Chronice. 31-36.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Revisiting the concept of undertaking from a public procurement law perspective - a discussion on EasyPay and Finance Engineering. European Competition Law Review. 93-98.
  • Show author(s) (2015). EFTA Court case E-24/13 Casino Admiral AG v Wolfgang Egger: the obligation of transparency and consequences of its breach when awarding service concessions. The Public Procurement Law Review. NA1-NA9.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Competition law through an Ordoliberal Lens. Oslo Law Review. 139-174.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Centralising Public Procurement and Competitiveness in Directive 2014/24. European Law Reporter. 119-132.
Report
  • Show author(s) (2021). Understanding decommissioning of offshore infrastructures: A legal and economic appetizer. .
  • Show author(s) (2021). Ex Post Assessment of European Competition Policy: Buyer power in concentration cases. .
  • Show author(s) (2017). Utredning av muligheten for å etablere en inngrepshjemmel mot ensidige handlinger i verdikjeden for mat som ikke rammes av konkurranseloven § 11 / Unilateral Behaviors Below Dominance and Unfair Purchasing Practices: A Comparative Perspective. .
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2022). What’s with the cables – Sørlige Nordsjø II.
  • Show author(s) (2022). What's new in State aid in renewable energy projects?
  • Show author(s) (2022). What is Norway up to in Offshore Wind.
  • Show author(s) (2022). The Gas & Hydrogen Package: Implications and reflections.
  • Show author(s) (2022). The EU/EEA Electricity Crisis Toolbox - ARQUS Week.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Q&A Session and Final Reflections.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Introduction to Norwegian Energy Law: Hydrocarbons and Renewables.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Decommissioning of Offshore Energy Structures and Sustainability.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Τhe present and future of the decommissioning of energy installations.
  • Show author(s) (2021). What's coming in Fit for 55.
  • Show author(s) (2021). What are we up to in Offshore Wind at the University of Bergen?
  • Show author(s) (2021). Stortingsmelding og havvindveileder - lansering og forberedelse.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Pushing for better decommissiong – Using law for change.
  • Show author(s) (2021). PRE-DECOR: Understanding decommissioning of offshore infrastructures: A legal and economic appetizer.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Offshore wind and hydrocarbons: Regulatory possibilities.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Offshore Wind for Oil and Gas Production: A Legal Perspective.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Offshore Wind Licensing Process: Where are we at?
  • Show author(s) (2021). Ofertas a precio cero y ofertas predatorias.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Norwegian Legal Frameworks for Oil and Gas.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Jussen i vind.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Introduction to the Norwegian Energy Legal Framework.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Implications of the EU Taxonomy for the electrification of the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Havvind rettslig rammeverk.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND) in a nutshell.
  • Show author(s) (2021). From PRE-DECOR to R-DECO: Reutilisation, DEcommissioning and Circularity of Offshore energy infrastructures.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Ex Post Assessment of European Competition Policy: Buyer power in concentration cases.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Evaluaciones ex post: poder de compra y concentraciones.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Decommissioning of Offhsore Energy Structures.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Dealing with excessive(?) electricity prices: What is in the EU Toolbox?
  • Show author(s) (2021). Dealing with excessive(?) electricity prices: What is in the EU Toolbox?
  • Show author(s) (2021). Buyer power in EU competition & procurement law.
  • Show author(s) (2020). What’s new in the EU Clean Energy Package for local electricity grids?: An Overview.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Theories and Principles of Regulation: Towards Competition .
  • Show author(s) (2020). The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Legal Framework.
  • Show author(s) (2020). The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox.
  • Show author(s) (2020). The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Offentlig støtte og finansiering av norsk havvind.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Moderation & Chairing of the "Role and Scope of Energy Regulation".
  • Show author(s) (2020). Legal Resarch at the Bergen Offshore Wind Centre.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Law & Economics panel: Divesting and the oil fund: The Norwegian Paradox and Competition Concerns.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Juridiske utfordringer knyttet til energiomstilling.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Juridiske problemstillinger i energi – en apetittvekker.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Hywind Tampen: A Regulatory Gamechanger for (Norwegian) Offshore Wind?
  • Show author(s) (2020). Greenlight to offshore wind farms in the EEA. Is Hywind Tampen’s State aid approval a kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry? .
  • Show author(s) (2020). Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND).
  • Show author(s) (2020). From Enso/Stora to Uber/Lyft: Uses and Abuses of Buyer Power.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Energy Transition in the Nordics: The Norwegian case regarding oil and gas?
  • Show author(s) (2020). Distribute justice, community benefits and renewable energy: the case of Offshore Wind projects.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Community benefits and renewable energy projects: the case of offshore wind.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Community benefits and renewable energy projects: the case of offshore wind.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Center for Sustainable Legal Orders and the Political Economy: Eit forskingsinitiativ.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Buying Groups and Buying Alliances - Buying Groups e Cartel de Compra.
  • Show author(s) (2019). What to do with Zero Rating.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Utilities Procurement and Sufficient Exposure to Competiton: The Energy Case.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Upstream Energy Markets.
  • Show author(s) (2019). The Venezuelan Political and petroleum Crisis – recoverable? .
  • Show author(s) (2019). The Dis-Application of the Public Utilities Directive to Energy Operators due to Sufficient Competition.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Regulating Unfair Trading Practices in EU Law.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Ordoliberalism and Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Investing in European Energy Markets and State aid rules.
  • Show author(s) (2019). EU Competition & State Aid Law in the Energy Sector.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Derecho de la Competencia, Economía y Prueba (Competition Law, Economics and Evidence).
  • Show author(s) (2019). Demand Response: Technological Changes and The Rules of the Clean Energy Package.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Concluding remarks on Developments in Energy Markets.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Competencia, Interés General y Mala Regulación (Competition, General Interest and Bad Regulation).
  • Show author(s) (2019). Capacity Remuneration Mechanisms in EU Law.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2019). An Introduction to the Competitiveness and Regulation of Offshore Wind Electricity.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Zero rating, a competition and legal perspective.
  • Show author(s) (2018). What is and why zero rating matters?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Third Party Access and Ownership Unbundling in Electricity - A Comparative Analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2018). The Winter Package and the Agency for Cooperation of Energy Regulators.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Regulating Energy Markets: a glimpse into Third Party Access and Demand Response.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Regulating Energy Markets: A Competition and Public Procurement Perspective.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Regulating EU/EEA Electricity Markets: An Introduction.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Reflecting upon the 'As Efficient Competitor Test'.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Poder de Compra en el Derecho de la Competencia (Buyer Power in Competition Law).
  • Show author(s) (2018). Net Neutrality and Zero Rating: Competition Issues?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Is the growth of buyer power a competition problem?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Internet of Things and Demand Response in Electricity Markets.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Demand Response: Legal Challenges.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Chicago vs Ordoliberalismo - Objetivos y funciones del Derecho de la Competencia (Chicago vs Ordoliberalism - Objectives and functions of Competition Law).
  • Show author(s) (2018). Centralized Purchasing: Between Competition and Procurement.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Centralized (Joint) Procurement: Fostering competitiveness?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Ayudas Estatales y Mecanismos de Remuneración de Capacidad (State aid and capacity remuneration mechanisms).
  • Show author(s) (2017). Unbundling in electricity transmission and distribution in the EU.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Third Party Access and Transmission Unbundling: A Transatlantic Perspective.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Third Party Access and Transmission Unbundling: A Transatlantic Perspective.
  • Show author(s) (2017). The Role (and room) of the State in Implementing Renewable Energy in Public Procurement.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Regulating energy markets – some difficulties between regulation and competition.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Poder de compra y defensa de la competencia: análisis jurídico-económico -.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Do methods matter in your PhD?
  • Show author(s) (2017). Directives 2009/72 & 2009/73: on the rules for electricity & gas in the internal market.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Competition Law and Ordoliberalism.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Common market provisions in the EU: internal energy market, competition.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Buyer Power, Joint Purchasing and Unfair Purchasing Practices- Innkjøpssamarbeid - kjøpermakt.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Buyer Power in Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2016). What is Buyer Power all about in EU Competition Law?
  • Show author(s) (2016). Unfair Purchasing Practices in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Unfair Purchasing Practices.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Poder de Compra en el Derecho Comunitario de la Competencia.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Exclusionary Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Exclusionary Buyer Power.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Exclusionary Buyer Power.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Regulating energy markets: a competition and public procurement perspective.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Market definition in buyer power cases: revisiting the traditional methodologies.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Exploiting Buyer Power.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Division into lots vs Contract Aggregation - Extremes looking for the correct balance?
  • Show author(s) (2015). Directive 2014/24: Division into lots vs Contract Aggregation - Extremes looking for the correct balance?
  • Show author(s) (2015). Countervailing Buyer Power.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Centralizing Public Procurement in Directive 2014/24: Suggestions towards Competitiveness.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Buyer power in EEA/EU Public Procurement.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Buyer Power through an Ordoliberal lens.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Buyer Power in EEA/EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2015). "Market Buyer Power assessment: revisiting some traditional vies".
  • Show author(s) (2014). Public Procurement Law at the University of Bergen.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Buyer power in EU competition law: An economically informed legal analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Buyer power exclusion in EU Competition Law.
  • Show author(s) (2013). The Regulation of Monopsony and Buyer Power of Contracting Authorities subject to EU Public Procurement Law.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law: An Introduction to my PhD project.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Centralización de Pública: Entre Competencia y Compra Pública (Buying centralization: Between Competition and Procurement).
Editorial
  • Show author(s) (2019). Unfair trading practices in the food supply chain - On-Topic Special Issue. Concurrences. 1-4.
Reader opinion piece
  • Show author(s) (2019). La små bedrifter få konkurrere på like vilkår. Bergens Tidende. 1 pages.
Book review
  • Show author(s) (2019). Legal Foundations of EU Economic Governance, by A. Estella (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, ISBN 9781107141018) - Book review. Journal of Common Market Studies. 1204-1205.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Book review: Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules (A. Sánchez Graells). European Competition Law Review. 84-87.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Book Review - Caroline Heide-Jørgensen, Christian Bergqvist, Ulla Neergaard & Sune Troels Poulsen (Eds.), Aims and Values in Competition Law (DJØF Publishing, 2013). The Competition Law Review. 1-4.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2020). Routledge Handbook of Energy Law. Routledge.
Academic monograph
  • Show author(s) (2017). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) (2020). EU-regler løyer norsk havvind: Norsk industri må trolig se langt etter særbehandling . Dagens Perspektiv. 24-27.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Strømbrudd i ACER-debatten. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin. 3 pages.
Feature article
  • Show author(s) (2021). Jussen må være på plass før energiomstilligen. Bergens Tidende. 1 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Elektrisk oljeproduksjon er veien å gå mot det grønne skiftet. Forskning.no.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Buyer Power in Merge Control: An Overview of EU and National Case Law. Special issue of e-Competitions. e-Competitions Bulletin. 16 pages.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) (2017). Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
Interview
  • Show author(s) (2022). Opprør mot utenlandskablene - eksperter varsler trøbbel ved reforhandling .
  • Show author(s) (2021). EU Court Annuls Suspension of UK Capacity Market.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Issues with the centralisation of procurement.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2021). Is EU Competition Law a Hindrance for Aggregated Demand Response? 48 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Extraterritorial Effects of EU Law on Gas Pipelines: The Case of Gazprom and Nord Stream 2. 28 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Ex Post Assessment of European Competition Policy: Buyer Power in Concentration Cases. 54 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Distributive Justice, Community Benefits and Renewable Energy: Offshore Wind Projects. 26 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Article 46 Division of contacts into lots. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Uses and abuses of EU competition law in energy. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). The role of State aid law in energy. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Shale gas regulation in Mexico and Colombia: an uncertain future. 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Regulation of electricity markets in Europe in light of the Clean Energy Package: prosumers and demand response. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Meanings of energy poverty in the South American context: a regional overview. 22 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Introduction to the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Buyer Power in Agreements and Abuse of Market Power Cases. 14 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2019). 秩序自由主义视角下的竞争法规则 (Competition Law through an Ordoliberal Lens). 30 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Transmission Networks in Electricity Competition: Third-Party Access and Unbundling – a Transatlantic Perspective. 38 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2019). The Scope for National Regulation of Unfair Trading Practices. 24 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Concesiones de Servicios. Directiva 2014/23 Relativa a la Adjudicación de Contratos de Concesión. Un Estudio Comparativo sobre su Transposición al Derecho Noruego. 46 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Collaborative Centralized Cross-Border Public Procurement: A Feasibility and Comparative Implementation Analysis. 36 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Service Concessions. Directive 2014/23 on the award of concession contracts. A comparative study of its transposition into Norwegian law. 42 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). The Social Market Economy and the European Union. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Impact of public procurement aggregation on competition. Risks, rationale and justification for the rules in directive 2014/24. 35 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Division into lots and demand aggregation – extremes looking for the correct balance? 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Buyer power exploitation: Unfair Purchasing Practices. 73 pages.
Poster
  • Show author(s) (2019). Faculty of Law and Bergen Offshore Wind Centre - DeWindSea & Gov-Wind Projects .
Website (informational material)
  • Show author(s) (2022). The EU Hydrogen and Decarbonised Gas Package: Revising the governance and creating a hydrogen framework.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Hidrógeno y gas descarbonizado.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Competition on the merits in liberalised electricity markets: AG Rantos’ Opinion in Servizio Elettrico Nazionale - Opinion piece in the Florence School of Regulation website: https://fsr.eui.eu/competition-on-the-merits-in-liberalised-electricity-markets-ag-rantos-opinion-in-servizio-elettrico-nazionale/.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Where is the law in the wind? Bergen Offshore Wind Centre - https://www.uib.no/en/bow/146923/where-law-wind.
  • Show author(s) (2020). The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Energy sea production compliant with EEA law? The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Energy sea production compliant with EEA law?
  • Show author(s) (2016). Unfair purchasing practices and the Groceries Code of Conduct: the Tesco investigation.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Sobre el abuso de dependencia económica y los códigos de conducta: el caso Tesco (plazos de pago y slotting allowances).
  • Show author(s) (2016). DIA/EROSKI y las alianzas compradoras, segunda parte: La Resolución de la CNMC.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Sobre el abuso de dependencia económica en la cadena alimentaria: el asunto EDEKA.
  • Show author(s) (2015). El acuerdo DIA-EROSKI: ¿Alianza compradora o cártel de compra?
Interview Journal
  • Show author(s) (2021). Ingen juss, ingen havvind. Juristen.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Hva er egentlig ACER - Eksperten gir deg svar. Dagsavisen. 1 pages.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

I am involved in several research projects. Most of them have been possible thanks to external funding from different sources. Some of these are listed below:

Twitter