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  • E-mailIrene.Baug@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 80 20+47 476 66 798
  • Visitor Address
    Øysteinsgate 3
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7805
    5020 Bergen

I have studied landscapes and resource utilization in rural areas in the Viking Age and the Middle Ages – also connected to trade and urban societies. Thematically, my research focus has mainly been on quarries and large-scale production aimed at long-distance trade, and forms of transaction, markets and different types of networks have got attention – both within and outside of urban societies. My work is in this way also connected to trade hubs and early urbanization. In order to understand the finds – both production landscapes and artefacts – they are studied within a societal context where social, economic and socio-political relations within a long-term perspective are being analyzed. I have also studied archaeological material and landscapes from an actor perspective, where I mainly have focused upon different actors and their choices and actions in relation to structural powers in the society, and the impact of both social and physical structures upon the humans. My work is largely based on my own fieldwork, on development of methodology and interdisciplinary cooperation with geology.  

Books
  • Baug, Irene. 2015. Quarrying in Western Norway. An archaeological study of production and distribution in the Viking period and Middle Ages. Archaeopress. 176 pages. ISBN: 9781784911027.
  • Baug, Irene; Mygland, Sigrid Samset; Larsen, Janicke. 2015. Nordic Middle Ages - Artefacts, Landscapes and Society. Essays in Honour of Ingvild Øye on her 70th Birthday. 341 pages. ISBN: 978-82-90273-89-2.
  • Hansen, Gitte; Ashby, Steven P.; Baug, Irene. 2015. Everyday Products in the Middle Ages: Crafts, Consumption and the Individual in Northern Europe c. AD 800-1600. Oxbow Books. ISBN: 978-1782978053.
  • Baug, Irene. 2002. Kvernsteinsbrota i Hyllestad. Arkeologiske punktundersøkingar i steinbrotsområdet i Hyllestad i sogn og Fjordane. 113 pages. ISBN: 82-91337-26-8.
Journal articles
  • Baug, Irene; Skre, Dagfinn; Heldal, Tom; Jansen, Øystein James. 2018. The beginning of the Viking Age in the West. Journal of Maritime Archaeology. 38 pages. Published 2018-12-07. doi: 10.1007/s11457-018-9221-3
  • Baug, Irene. 2017. Bakstehellene - masseproduksjon, hushaldsprodukt og handelsvarer frå mellomalderen. Hardanger historielag årbok. 109: 145-163.
  • Baug, Irene. 2016. Lokalsamfunn, regionar og nettverk i mellomalderen - ulike arkeologiske tilnærmingar. Viking. 79: 155-174. doi: 10.5617/viking.3909
  • Baug, Irene. 2015. Bokanmelding: Live Johannesen og Jan-Erik G. Eriksson (Red.) Faglig program for middelalderarkeologi. Byer, sakrale steder, befestninger og borger. Riksantikvaren. Primitive tider. 17: 55-58.
  • Baug, Irene; Jansen, Øystein James. 2012. I Vesterled - på jakt etter norsk kvernstein. Årbok for Universitetsmuseet i Bergen. 38-51.
  • Baug, Irene. 2008. Steinkrossbrotet i Hyllestad. Sogeskrift frå Hyllestad 2008. 14: 8-13.
Reports and theses
  • Baug, Irene. 2014. Hyllestad quernstone quarries. Management plan 2012-2015. UNESCO World Heritage List. Viking Age Sites in Northern Europe. Prepared by the working group for World Heritage status for Hyllestad quernstone quarries. Riksantikvaren, Oslo. 87 pages.
  • Baug, Irene. 2013. Quarrying in Western Norway – An archaeological study of production and distribution in the Viking period and the Middle Ages. University of Bergen.
Book sections
  • Baug, Irene. 2018. Foodways, traditions and identity: Bakestones in the North Atlantic. 4, pages 61-77. In:
    • Mahler, Ditlev L. 2018. Gruel, Bread, Ale and Fish. Changes in the Material Culture related to Food Production in the North Atlantic 800-1300 AD. Syddansk Universitetsforlag. 149 pages. ISBN: 978-87-7602-364-5.
  • Baug, Irene. 2017. Soapstone vessels and quernstones as commodities in the Viking Age and Middle Ages. Part II, 8, pages 139-159. In:
    • Glørstad, Ann Zanette Tsigaridas; Loftsgarden, Kjetil. 2017. Viking-Age Transformations: Trade, Craft and Resources in Western Scandinavia. Routledge. 290 pages. ISBN: 978-1-47-247077-5.
  • Baug, Irene. 2017. Bakestones - Production and Trade in the Middle Ages. 10, pages 165-183. In:
    • Hansen, Gitte; Storemyr, Per. 2017. Soapstone in the North. Quarries, Products and People. 7000 BC - AD 1700. 408 pages. ISBN: 978-82-90273-90-8.
  • Baug, Irene. 2015. Actors in quarrying. Production and distribution of quernstones and bakestones during the Viking Age and the Middle Ages. 14. In:
    • Hansen, Gitte; Ashby, Steven P.; Baug, Irene. 2015. Everyday Products in the Middle Ages: Crafts, Consumption and the Individual in Northern Europe c. AD 800-1600. Oxbow Books. ISBN: 978-1782978053.
  • Baug, Irene. 2015. Stones for Bread. Regional Differences and Changes in Scandinavian Food Traditions Related to the Use of Quernstones, Bakestones and Soapstone Vessels c. 850-1500. 3, pages 33-47. In:
    • Baug, Irene; Mygland, Sigrid Samset; Larsen, Janicke. 2015. Nordic Middle Ages - Artefacts, Landscapes and Society. Essays in Honour of Ingvild Øye on her 70th Birthday. 341 pages. ISBN: 978-82-90273-89-2.
  • Baug, Irene. 2015. Lavik som kyrkjestad i mellomalderen. 1, pages 8-17. In:
    • Ester, Andreas; Hellebø, Olav; Løland, Marie; Sørebø, Geir. 2015. Lavik kyrkje 150 år, med folket gjennom tidene. 244 pages. ISBN: 978-82-999101-2-5.
  • Hansen, Gitte; Baug, Irene; Ashby, Steven P. 2015. Everyday products in the Middle Ages: Crafts, Consumption and the Individual in Northern Europe c. AD 800-1600: An Introduction. Chapter 1. In:
    • Hansen, Gitte; Ashby, Steven P.; Baug, Irene. 2015. Everyday Products in the Middle Ages: Crafts, Consumption and the Individual in Northern Europe c. AD 800-1600. Oxbow Books. ISBN: 978-1782978053.
  • Baug, Irene. 2014. The Hyllestad quernstone quarries. The Hyllestad quernstone quarries. In:
    • Stafansdottir, Agnes; Malück, Mathias. 2014. Viking Age Sites in Northern Europe. A transnational serial nomination to UNESCO's Worls Heritage List. Kulturstyrelsen. 438 pages.
  • Baug, Irene; Jansen, Øystein James. 2014. Did the North Atlantic region constitute a market for quernstones from Norway during the Viking Age and the Middle Ages? 4, pages 245-255. In:
    • Selsing, Lotte. 2014. Seen through a millstone. 255 pages. ISBN: 978-82-7760-158-8.
  • Baug, Irene. 2013. Steinbrota i Ølve - ei klosterdriven verksemd? kapittel 8, pages 174-183. In:
    • Øye, Ingvild; Økland, Bård Gram; Jünger, Jane. 2013. Halsnøy kloster. Til kongen og Augustins ære. Spartacus. 263 pages. ISBN: 978-82-430-0528-0.
  • Baug, Irene. 2011. Soapstone Finds. 12, pages 311-337. In:
    • Skre, Dagfinn. 2011. Things from the Town. Artefacts and Inhabitants in Viking-age Kaupang. Aarhus Universitetsforlag. 483 pages. ISBN: 978-87-7934-309-2.
  • Baug, Irene; Løland, Torbjørn. 2011. The millstone quarries in Hyllestad: an arena of research and education. Artikkel, pages 349-356. In:
    • Peacock, David; Williams, David. 2011. Bread for the people: The archaeology of mills and milling. Proceedings of a conference held in the British School at Rome, 4th -7th November 2009. Southampton University Monograph, no 3. BAR International Series 2274. Archaeopress. 359 pages. ISBN: 978 1 4073 0848 7.
  • Baug, Irene. 2007. Prehistoric Quarrying on the west coast of Norway - the production of quernstones, millstones and crosses in Hyllestd, Sogn og Fjordane. Prehistoric Quarrying, pages 219-225. In:
    • Klapste, Jan; Sommer, Petr. 2007. Arts and Crafts in Medieval Rural Environment. Ruralia VI. 411 pages. ISBN: 978-2-503-51994-4.
  • Baug, Irene. 2006. Stein som handelsvare. Artikkel, pages 6-15. In:
    • Førsund, Finn B. 2006. Hyllestadseminaret. Stein som handelsvare. Rapport fra et fagseminar. 63 pages. ISBN: 82-992198-4-1.
  • Baug, Irene. 2006. The Quarries in Hyllestad - Production of Quernstones and Millstones in Western Norway. Antique and Medieval Millstone Quarries, pages 55-59. In:
    • Belmont, Alain; Mangartz, Fritz. 2006. Millstone Quarries. Research, Protection and Valorization of an European Technical Heritage. 239 pages. ISBN: 978-3-88467-105-4.
  • Baug, Irene. 2005. Who owned the products? Production and exchange of quernstones, Hyllestad in Sogn, Western Norway. artikkel, pages 99-108. In:
    • Holm, Ingunn; Øye, Ingvild; Innselset, Sonja Marie. 2005. "Utmark" - The Outfield as Ideology and Industry in the Iron Age and the Middle Ages. 256 pages. ISBN: 82-90273-79-7.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

WHEPP the Whetstone Provenancing Project. The aim  is to explore AD 1st–9th-century trade routes and networks involving the western Scandinavian Peninsula. This will be achieved by provenancing whetstones retrieved from well-dated archaeological sites in Scandinavia, in the Baltic, and along the southern North Sea and English Channel coasts. This is an interdisciplinary and interinstitutionally collaboration between UiB, UiO and NGU - as well as some foreign researchers that ara attached to parts of the project. 

The Borgund Kaupang Project. Life and death of a small town in the periphery of Europe. The aim of the project is to study Borgund’s role in national distribution networks for the trade in-, and consumption ofNorwegian hones: Was Borgund a hub in a trade network for Norwegian hones? And what were the hones used for at Borgund? C. 400 hones from Borgund will be classified and the stones identified using archaeological classificationmethods and different geological analyses. Øystein J. Jansen at the University Museum of Bergen is a collaboration partner in the project. https://app.cristin.no/projects/show.jsf?id=647273.