• E-mailirene.baug@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 80 20+47 47 66 67 98
  • Visitor Address
    Øysteins gate 3
    5007 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7805
    5020 Bergen

I have studied landscapes and resource utilization in rural areas in the Viking Age and the Middle Ages – also connected to trade and urban societies. Thematically, my research focus has mainly been on quarries and large-scale production aimed at long-distance trade, and forms of transaction, markets and different types of networks have got attention – both within and outside of urban societies. My work is in this way also connected to trade hubs and early urbanization. In order to understand the finds – both production landscapes and artefacts – they are studied within a societal context where social, economic and socio-political relations within a long-term perspective are being analyzed. I have also studied archaeological material and landscapes from an actor perspective, where I mainly have focused upon different actors and their choices and actions in relation to structural powers in the society, and the impact of both social and physical structures upon the humans. My work is largely based on my own fieldwork, on development of methodology and interdisciplinary cooperation with geology.  

Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2020). Brynesteiner i Ribe – fra fjerne utmarksområder til sentrale markeder. By, marsk og geest, Kulturhistorisk tidsskrift for Sydvestjylland. 44-59.
  • Show author(s) (2018). The beginning of the Viking Age in the West. Journal of Maritime Archaeology. 38 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Lokalsamfunn, regionar og nettverk i mellomalderen - ulike arkeologiske tilnærmingar. Viking. 155-174.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Hyllestad quernstone quarries. Management plan 2012-2015. UNESCO World Heritage List. Viking Age Sites in Northern Europe. Prepared by the working group for World Heritage status for Hyllestad quernstone quarries. .
  • Show author(s) (2019). Mellomalderklynga - samt litt om Alrekstad og vikingtid.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Archaeology and Geology - Cooperation with exciting results.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Historical overview of the quernstone quarry landscape.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Delimitation of the nominated properties and the buffer zone.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Arkeologi+Geologi=Sant. Erfaringer fra et tverrfaglig forskningsprosjekt.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) (2023). Vikingtidas begynning - handel og plyndring.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Skandinavia i vikingtid - handel, nettverk og plyndring.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Bergen Anno 1320. Bli med tilbake til middelalderens Bergen.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Trønderske bryner gir ny kunnskap om handel og plyndringar i vikingtid.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Det grå gullet – stein som handelsvare i middelalderens Bergen.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Bakstehellene - produksjon og handel.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Vegen vidare – nye prosjekt og formidling av kvernsteinshistoria.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Steinbrot og steinkrossar.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Produksjon av steinkrossar i Hyllestad.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Produksjon av steinkrossar i Hyllestad.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Med arkeolog og geolog i steinhoggarane sine fotefar tusen år etter.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Stein som handelsvare.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2024). Handel og nettverk i vikingtid og mellomalder.
  • Show author(s) (2023). Viking Age urbanisation and long-distance trade.
  • Show author(s) (2023). Vestlandet og kontakten over Nordsjøen.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Viking Age urbanisation and long-distance trade.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Eidsborgbryner – frå fjerne utmarksområder til sentrale marknadar.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Borgund’s role in national distribution networks for the trade in-, and consumption of Norwegian whetstones.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Gulatinget sett i eit arkeologisk lys.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Borgund’s role in national distribution networks for the trade in-, and consumption of Norwegian whetstones.
  • Show author(s) (2019). A world of stone – distribution and trade of whetstones in the Viking Age and the Middle Ages .
  • Show author(s) (2018). Vikings in Ireland and their influence on Scandinavian society.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Whetstones in Ribe - commodities from Norway?
  • Show author(s) (2017). Steinkrossane på Vestlandet - markering av makt og kristendom?
  • Show author(s) (2016). Brynesteinshandel i vikingtid og mellomalder – Distribusjon, transaksjonsformer og nettverk i eit langtidsperspektiv.
  • Show author(s) (2009). The geologist, the archaeologist and the craftsman – an interdisciplinary research in quernstone quarries in Hyllestad in Western Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Bergverksdrift i yngre jernalder og middelalder. Presentasjon av et forskningsprosjekt.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Soapstone artefacts from Kaupang.
Other presentation
  • Show author(s) (2018). Treasures from the Grave: exploring Irish Norse connections through artefacts in the University Museum of Bergen.
Book review
  • Show author(s) (2015). Bokanmelding: Live Johannesen og Jan-Erik G. Eriksson (Red.) Faglig program for middelalderarkeologi. Byer, sakrale steder, befestninger og borger. Riksantikvaren. Primitive tider. 55-58.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2015). Nordic Middle Ages - Artefacts, Landscapes and Society. Essays in Honour of Ingvild Øye on her 70th Birthday. Universitetet i Bergen.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Everyday Products in the Middle Ages: Crafts, Consumption and the Individual in Northern Europe c. AD 800-1600. Oxbow Books.
Academic monograph
  • Show author(s) (2015). Quarrying in Western Norway. An archaeological study of production and distribution in the Viking period and Middle Ages.
  • Show author(s) (2002). Kvernsteinsbrota i Hyllestad. Arkeologiske punktundersøkingar i steinbrotsområdet i Hyllestad i sogn og Fjordane.
Masters thesis
  • Show author(s) (2023). A bakestone's journey to Borgund. An archaeological study of Borgund's role in the trade of bakestones in Western Norway between the 11th and the 16th century.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) (2017). Bakstehellene - masseproduksjon, hushaldsprodukt og handelsvarer frå mellomalderen. Hardanger historielag årbok. 145-163.
  • Show author(s) (2012). I Vesterled - på jakt etter norsk kvernstein. Årbok for Universitetsmuseet i Bergen. 38-51.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Steinkrossbrotet i Hyllestad. Sogeskrift frå Hyllestad 2008. 8-13.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) (2013). Quarrying in Western Norway – An archaeological study of production and distribution in the Viking period and the Middle Ages.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Uncovering the secrets of a Forgotten Viking Town.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Slike steiner er trolig noe av det første vikingene solgte til utlandet.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Slike steiner er trolig noe av det første vikingene solgte til utlandet.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Forskningsdagane i gong i Bergen.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Every Viking owned a stone like this - and they traded massive quantities of them too.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Tilbake til middelalderen.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Informasjon om mellomalderen i Bergen, og mellomalderveka 2020.
  • Show author(s) (2019). UiB-forskarar har funne ut kvifor vikingane reiste vestover.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Unike steinkrossfunn presenterte i Hyllestad.
  • Show author(s) (2009). God start på kulturminneåret.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Fekk sjå steinkrossane.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Unike funn frå vikingtida.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Industrieventyret i Vikingtida.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Funn av steinkrossar i Hyllestad.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Fann vikingkrossar i Hyllestad.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Fann steinkrossar frå mellomalderen.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Fann steinkrossar frå mellomalderen.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Den kristne kunstindustrien vaknar.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Leitar etter tidsspor.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Intervju i NRK Sogn og Fjordane.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Steinkrossane på Vestlandet.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Feltarbeid i steinbrota.
Programme participation
  • Show author(s) (2019). God ettermiddag Sogn og Fjordane. Distriktsprogram - NRK Sogn og Fjordane. .
  • Show author(s) (2019). Det umulige landet.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Museum. Vanlige folk i middelalderen.
  • Show author(s) (2015). God ettermiddag Sogn og Fjordane.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Die Frauen der Wikinger.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2023). Whetstones and touchstones. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Outland exploitation and long-distance trade AD 700–1200 – seen in the light of whetstone production and distribution. 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Brynesteinsproduksjonen i Eidsborg - frå steinbrot til marknad. 28 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Foodways, traditions and identity: Bakestones in the North Atlantic. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Soapstone vessels and quernstones as commodities in the Viking Age and Middle Ages. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Bakestones - Production and Trade in the Middle Ages. 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Stones for Bread. Regional Differences and Changes in Scandinavian Food Traditions Related to the Use of Quernstones, Bakestones and Soapstone Vessels c. 850-1500. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Everyday products in the Middle Ages: Crafts, Consumption and the Individual in Northern Europe c. AD 800-1600: An Introduction.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Actors in quarrying. Production and distribution of quernstones and bakestones during the Viking Age and the Middle Ages.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Did the North Atlantic region constitute a market for quernstones from Norway during the Viking Age and the Middle Ages? 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2011). The millstone quarries in Hyllestad: an arena of research and education. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Soapstone Finds. 27 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Prehistoric Quarrying on the west coast of Norway - the production of quernstones, millstones and crosses in Hyllestd, Sogn og Fjordane. 7 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2006). The Quarries in Hyllestad - Production of Quernstones and Millstones in Western Norway. 5 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Stein som handelsvare. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2014). The Hyllestad quernstone quarries.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Who owned the products? Production and exchange of quernstones, Hyllestad in Sogn, Western Norway. 99-108.
Museum exhibition
  • Show author(s) (2014). Den historiske Vestlandskysten.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Stone crosses in Norway – manifestation of power and Christianity?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Reformation before 1537? Transition of ecclesiastical property in Norway into the hands of the nobility. .
  • Show author(s) (2015). Stone for Bread and Church.
Popular scientific chapter/article
  • Show author(s) (2024). Det grå gullet. 170-181.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Lavik som kyrkjestad i mellomalderen. 8-17. In:
    • Show author(s) (2015). Lavik kyrkje 150 år, med folket gjennom tidene. Finurlig Forlag.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Steinbrota i Ølve - ei klosterdriven verksemd? 174-183. In:
    • Show author(s) (2013). Halsnøy kloster. Til kongen og Augustins ære. Spartacus.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

WHEPP the Whetstone Provenancing Project. The aim  is to explore AD 1st–9th-century trade routes and networks involving the western Scandinavian Peninsula. This will be achieved by provenancing whetstones retrieved from well-dated archaeological sites in Scandinavia, in the Baltic, and along the southern North Sea and English Channel coasts. This is an interdisciplinary and interinstitutionally collaboration between UiB, UiO and NGU - as well as some foreign researchers that are attached to parts of the project. WHEPP is financed by The Avaldsnes Royal Manor Project, University of Oslo.

The Borgund Kaupang Project. Life and death of a small town in the periphery of Europe. The aim of the project is to study Borgund’s role in national distribution networks for the trade in-, and consumption ofNorwegian hones: Was Borgund a hub in a trade network for Norwegian hones? And what were the hones used for at Borgund? C. 400 hones from Borgund will be classified and the stones identified using archaeological classificationmethods and different geological analyses. Øystein J. Jansen at the University Museum of Bergen is a collaboration partner in the project. https://app.cristin.no/projects/show.jsf?id=647273.

I am a participant in the project Eidsborg rock, which focuses on production and trade of whetstones in the late Iron Age from the quarry site Eidsborg in Telemark. The project is lead by Museum of Cultural History at the University of Oslo, and is financed by The Research Council of Norway, grant 341213. 

I am coordinator of the Medieval Research Cluster, which is one of the knowledge clusters at the University of Bergen. 

The Medieval Research Cluster is firmly rooted in a broad and interdisciplinary research environment conneted to medieval studies at the University of Bergen. The cluster aims to elaborate contact and collaboration between the university and external local and regional institutions in Bergen and Western Norway, with a focus on research, education, dissemination and management.