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John Birks

Professor, Professor Emeritus in Quantitative Palaeoecology and Ecology
  • E-mailJohn.Birks@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 33 50
  • Visitor Address
    Thormøhlensgt. 53 A/B
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Quaternary palaeoecology, pollen analysis, vegetation history, quantitative palaeoecology and palaeolimnology, quantitative environmental reconstructions, community ecology, plant geography, bryology, alpine plant ecology.

ORCiD: H. John B. Birks

Google Scholar: H John B Birks

Invited lectures in Bio-250 Palaeoecology

Selected publications (a more complete list can be found here)

Books

Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. and Smol, J.P. (eds.) (2012) Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer, Dordrecht, 745 pp.

Averis, A.M., Averis, A.B.G., Birks, H.J.B., Horsfield, D., Thompson, D.B.A. and Yeo, M.J.M. (2004) An Illustrated Guide to British Upland Vegetation. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, 454 pp

Birks, H.J.B. and Gordon, A.D. (1985) Numerical Methods in Quaternary Pollen Analysis. Academic Press, 317 pp. (translated into Chinese by Shen Caiming and published by Nanjing University Press, China, 239 pp).

Huntley, B. and Birks, H.J.B. (1983) An Atlas of Past and Present Pollen Maps for Europe: 0‑13000 years ago. Cambridge University Press, 667 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. and Birks, H.H. (1980) Quaternary Palaeoecology. Edward Arnold, 289 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. (1973) Past and Present Vegetation of the Isle of Skye ‑ a Palaeoecological Study. Cambridge University Press, 415 pp.

Papers

Birks, H.J.B.,  Birks, H.H. & Ammann, B. 2016. The fourth dimension of vegetation. Science 354: 412-413. 10.1126/science.aai8737

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A. & Seddon, A.W.R. 2016. Biodiversity trends within the Holocene. The Holocene 26: 994-1001. 10.1177/095968361562256

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A., Seppä, H. & Giesecke, T. 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 228: 1-25. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.12.011

Felde, V.A., Hooghiemstra, H., Torres, V. & Birks, H.J.B. 2016. Detecting patterns of change in a long pollen-stratigraphical sequence from Funza, Colombia – a comparison of new and traditional numerical approaches. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 234: 94-109. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.08.003

Herzschuh, U., Birks, H.J.B., Laepple, T., Andreev, A., Melles, M. & Brigham-Grette, J. 2016. Glacial legacies on interglacial vegetation at the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition in Asia. Nature Communications 7: 11967. 10.1038/ncomms11967

Steinbauer, M.J., Field, R., and 33 co-authors including Grytnes, J.-A., Birks, H.J.B. & Vetaas, O.R. 2016. Topography-driven isolation, speciation and a global increase of endemism with elevation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 1097-1107. 10.1111/geb.12469

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Some reflections on the refugium concept in historical biogeography, contemporary ecology, and global-change biology. Biodiversity 16: 196-212. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1117022

Wasof, S., Lenoir, J. and 46 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B., Grytnes, J.-A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Disjunct populations of European vascular plant species keep the same climatic niches. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 1401-1412. 10.1111/geb.12375

Birks, H.J.B. and Willis, K.J. (2008) Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecology and Diversity 1: 147-160.  10.1080/17550870802349146

Birks, H.H. and Birks, H.J.B. (2000) Future uses of pollen analysis must  include plant macrofossils. Journal of Biogeography 27, 31-35.  10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00375.x

Birks, H.J.B. and Line, J.M. (1992) The use of rarefaction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene 2, 1-10.  10.1177/095968369200200101

Birks, H.J.B., Line, J.M., Juggins, S., Stevenson, A.C. and ter Braak, C.J.F. (1990) Diatoms and pH reconstruction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 327, 263‑278.  10.1098/rstb.1990.0062

Birks, H.J.B. (1989) Holocene isochrone maps and patterns of tree‑spreading in the British Isles. Journal of Biogeography 16, 503‑540.  10.2307/2845208

Academic article
  • 2014. Revisiting tree-migration rates: Abies alba (Mill.), a case study. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 113-122.
  • 2014. Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology. 256-267.
  • 2013. Vegetation responses to late-glacial climate changes in western Norway. Preslia (Praha). 215-237.
  • 2013. Tree migration rates: narrowing the gap between inferred post-glacial rates and projected rates. PLOS ONE.
  • 2013. The effect of calibration data set selection on quantitative palaeoclimatic reconstructions. The Holocene. 1650-1654.
  • 2013. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, south-eastern Norway – their origin and history. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 215-229.
  • 2013. Soil mineral depletion drives early Holocene lake acidification. Geology. 415-418.
  • 2013. Siberian larch forests and the ion content of thaw lakes form a geochemically functional entity. Nature Communications.
  • 2013. Rick Battarbee and his many contributions to palaeolimnology. Journal of Paleolimnology. 313-332.
  • 2013. Pollen-based palaeoclimate reconstructions over long glacialinterglacial timescales: methodological tests based on the Holocene and MIS 5dc deposits at Sokli, northern Finland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 271-282.
  • 2013. Long-term vegetation stability in northern Europe as assessed by changes in species co-occurrences. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 289-302.
  • 2013. Local temperatures inferred from plant communities suggest strong spatial buffering of climate warming across Northern Europe. Global Change Biology. 1470-1481.
  • 2013. 'Diatoms and pH reconstruction' (1990) revisited. Journal of Paleolimnology. 363-371.
  • 2012. Testing intra-site transfer functions: an example using chironomids and water depth. Journal of Paleolimnology. 545-558.
  • 2012. Temporally changing drivers for late-Holocene vegetation changes on the northern Tibetan Plateau. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 10-20.
  • 2012. Natural and cultural heritage in mountain landscapes: towards an integrated valuation. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management. 313-320.
  • 2012. Fusing pollen-stratigraphic and dendroclimatic proxy data to reconstruct summer temperature variability during the past 7.5 ka in subarctic Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 275-286.
  • 2012. Ecological palaeoecology and conservation biology: controversies, challenges, and compromises. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management. 292-304.
  • 2012. Biotic homogenization of upland vegetation: patterns and drivers at multiple spatial scales over five decades. Journal of Vegetation Science. 755-770.
  • 2012. Are fossil assemblages in a single sediment core from a small lake representative of total deposition of mite, chironomid, and plant macrofossil remains? Journal of Paleolimnology. 669-691.
  • 2010. What caused the mid-Holocene forest decline on the eastern Tibet-Qinghai Plateau? Global Ecology and Biogeography. 278-286.
  • 2010. Reconciling pollen-stratigraphical and tree-ring evidence for high- and low-frequency temperature variability in the past millennium. Quaternary Science Reviews. 3905-3918.
  • 2010. Recent vegetation changes at the high-latitude tree line ecotone are controlled by geomorphological disturbance, productivity and diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 810-821.
  • 2010. Quantifying recent ecological changes in remote lakes of North America and Greenland using sediment diatom assemblages. PLOS ONE.
  • 2010. Oribatid mite assemblages across the tree-line in western Norway and their representation in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology. 361-374.
  • 2010. Midges as quantitative temperature indicator species: Lessons for palaeoecology. The Holocene. 989-1002.
  • 2010. Holocene land-cover changes on the Tibetan Plateau. The Holocene. 91-104.
  • 2010. Holocene climate and environmental history of Brurskardstjørni, a lake in the catchment of Øvre Heimdalsvatn, south-central Norway. Hydrobiologia. 13-34.
  • 2010. Evaluating the indicator value of Tibetan pollen taxa for modern vegetation and climate. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 197-208.
  • 2010. Early-Holocene temperature variability inferred from chironomid assemblages at Hawes Water, northwest England. The Holocene. 943-954.
  • 2010. Early Weichselian (MIS 5d and 5c) temperatures and environmental changes in northern Fennoscandia as recorded by chironomids and macroremains at Sokli, northeast Finland. Boreas. 689-704.
  • 2010. Developing a modern pollen-climate calibration data set for Norway. Boreas. 674-688.
  • 2010. Chironomid-inferred late-glacial summer air temperatures from Lough Nadourcan, Co. Donegal, Ireland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 1200-1210.
  • 2010. Alpine vegetation and species-richness patterns along two altitudinal gradients in the Gyama Valley, south-central Tibet, China. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 235-247.
  • 2010. A modern pollen–climate calibration set based on lake sediments from the Tibetan Plateau and its application to a Late Quaternary pollen record from the Qilian Mountains. Journal of Biogeography. 752-766.
  • 2010. 4 ◦C and beyond: what did this mean for biodiversity in the past? Systematics and Biodiversity. 3-9.
  • 2009. Variability in thermal and UV-B energy fluxes through time and their influence on plant diversity and speciation. Journal of Biogeography. 1630-1644.
  • 2009. Svend Th Anderssen (1926-2009). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 189-191.
  • 2009. Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling. Science. 1236-1239.
  • 2009. Quantitative summer-temperature reconstructions for the last 2000 years based on pollen-stratigraphical data from northern Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 43-56.
  • 2009. Evaluation of transfer functions in spatially structured environments. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1309-1316.
  • 2008. Recent ecological change in a remote Scottish mountain loch: an evaluation of a Cladocera-based temperature transfer function. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 51-76.
  • 2008. Quantitative summer-temperature reconstructions for the last 2000 years based on pollen-stratigraphical data from northern Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 43-56.
  • 2008. Late-Quaternary summer temperature changes in the northern-European tree-line region. Quaternary Research. 404-412.
  • 2008. Holocene vegetation dynamics and inferred climate changes at Svanåvatnet, Mo i Rana, northern Norway. Boreas. 146-156.
  • 2008. Exploring Holocene continentality changes in Fennoscandia using present and past tree distributions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1296-1308.
  • 2008. Diatom responses to 20th century climate warming in lakes from the northern Urals, Russia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 96-106.
  • 2008. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Younger Dryas-Holocene transition at Kråkenes, western Norway. The Holocene. 19-30.
  • 2008. Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 147-160.
  • 2008. A multiproxy palaeolimnological investigation of Holocene environmental change, between c. 10700 and 7200 years BP, at Holebudalen, southern Norway. The Holocene. 805-817.
  • 2007. Spatial structure of the 8200 cal yr BP event in northern Europe. Climate of the Past. 225-236.
  • 2007. Present-day temperatures in northern Scandinavia during the last glaciation. Geology. 987-990.
  • 2007. Estimating the amount of compositional change in Late-Quaternary pollen-stratigraphical data. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 197-202.
  • 2007. Are cladoceran fossils in lake sediment samples a biased reflection of the communities from which they are derived? Journal of Paleolimnology. 157-181.
  • 2007. A comparison of altitudinal species richness patterns of bryophytes with other plant groups in Nepal, Central Himalaya. Journal of Biogeography. 1907-1915.
  • 2006. Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies. Science. 1015-1015.
  • 2006. Discussion on Bayesian palaeoclimate reconstruction by J. Haslett et al. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 433-434.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: problems with spatial autocorrelation in evaluating model performance. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2173-2179.
  • 2005. On the presence of late-glacial trees in western Norway and the Scandes: a further comment. Journal of Biogeography. 376-378.
  • 2005. Did tree-Betula, Pinus and Picea survive the last glaciation along the west coast of Norway? A review of the evidence, in light of Kullman (2002). Journal of Biogeography. 1461-1471.
  • 1999. Modern diatom, cladocera, chironomid, and chrysophyte cyst assemblages as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the Alps. II. Nutrients. Journal of Paleolimnology. 443-463.
  • 1998. Predicting changes in Fennoscandian vascular-plant species richness as a result of future climatic change. Journal of Biogeography. 111-122.
  • 1998. A. The comparative ecology of Polystichum aculeatum, P. braunii, and P. lonchitis in Hordaland, western Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany. 267-288.
  • 1998. A numerical analysis of the mesoscale distribution patterns of vascular plants in the subarctic Kevo Nature Reserve, northern Finland. Journal of Biogeography. 123-146.
  • 1997. The separation of the influence of nutrients and climate on the varve time-series of Baldeggersee, Switzerland. Aquatic Sciences. 362-375.
  • 1997. Reconstructing temperature changes from cladoceran microfossil assemblages at the late-glacial site of Kråkenes, Western Norway. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 63-64.
  • 1997. Numerical tools in fine-resolution palaeolimnology - progress, potentialities, and problems. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 13-14.
  • 1997. Modern diatom, cladocera, chironomid, and chrysophyte cyst assemblages as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the Alps. I. Climate. Journal of Paleolimnology. 395-420.
  • 1997. Modelling modern pollen - climate relationships in Norway. Geonytt. 102-102.
  • 1997. Disentangling the influence of nutrients and climate in the varved sediments of Baldeggersee (Switzerland. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 125-126.
  • 1997. Chironomidae from a laminated lake in Norway: a sensitive archive of lateglacial palaeoenvironments. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 43-44.
  • 1997. AQUAREAL: A multi-proxy study of Holocene sediment archives in Alpine lakes. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 127-128.
Academic lecture
  • 2020. A Humboldt Legacy – High-elevational limits of vascular plants: Europe, North America, Himalaya, East Africa, Andes.
  • 2016. Lennart von Post and Quaternary palynology since the 1960s.
  • 2015. A brief history of climate – the northern seas from the Last Glacial Maximum to global warming.
  • 2014. 52 glaciers and one lake: how to reconstruct past regional glacier variability.
  • 2013. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway – their history and origin.
  • 2013. North-Atlantic Holocene climate variability reflected in the dynamical response of Norwegian maritime glaciers.
  • 2013. Diversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • 2012. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway - their history and origin.
  • 2012. Land-cover and ecological changes in Tibet during the last 15,000 years.
  • 2012. Ecosystem changes at the time of the establishment of beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway.
  • 2012. Ecological and land-cover thresholds, inertia, and responses to climate change during the last 15,000 years on the Tibet Plateau – A case study.
  • 2012. Biodiversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • 2012. Ancient DNA from lake sediments - Fact or fiction?
  • 2011. Vegetation responses to rapid climate change at the late-glacial/Holocene transition.
  • 2011. Towards an integrated valuation of mountain landscapes.
  • 2011. The evolutionary legacies of the Quaternary ice ages.
  • 2011. Significance tests for transfer function-derived quantitative reconstructions.
  • 2011. Plant life in the cold - arctic and alpine environments.
  • 2011. Ongoing research and future perspectives- the Bergen palaeoecology group’s work in the Arctic.
  • 2011. Long-term ecology and conservation biology - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • 2011. Introduction to Quaternary palaeoecology.
  • 2011. Inferring past environments from biological data: progress, problems, and potentialities.
  • 2011. DYNAWARM: Dynamics of Past Warm Climates.
  • 2011. Can the secrets of the past help us make future predictions: Controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • 2011. Biotic responses to rapid climate chagnes 10000-12000 years ago - ecological processes, thresholds, resilience, and novel ecosystems.
  • 2010. Towards a new Framework for the Management of Cultural and Natural Heritage in upland Landscape Conservation Areas (LCA) in Norway.
  • 2010. Summer temperature trends during the last 2000 years innorthern Fennoscandia and the Kola Peninsula.
  • 2010. Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • 2010. Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • 2010. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • 2010. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • 2010. Indirect Gradient Analysis.
  • 2010. Hypothesis Testing and Time-Series Analysis.
  • 2010. Direct Gradient Analysis.
  • 2010. Calibration, Transfer Functions, and Environmental Reconstructions.
  • 2010. Analysis of stratigraphical data.
  • 2010. Alpine plants at the equator - giants and dwarfs.
  • 2009. Plant Species Richness in Space - Patterns and Processes.
  • 2009. Past climates of the Arctic: A chironomid-based temperature reconstruction of an Arctic lake on western Spitsbergen.
  • 2009. New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • 2009. Long-Term Ecology and Management in Upland Landscapes - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Fennoscandia.
  • 2009. How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • 2009. How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • 2009. Atlantic hazel woods - a lichenologist's paradise, an ecologist's problem.
  • 2008. Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • 2008. Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • 2008. Time-series analysis.
  • 2008. Stratigraphical data analysis.
  • 2008. Rapid ecosystem shifts during the late Holocene in a Picea abies forest in south-eastern Norway - local stand scale dynamics and patterns.
  • 2008. Quantitative environmental reconstructions.
  • 2008. Overview of continental palaeoclimatic proxies in time and space.
  • 2008. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • 2008. Interglacial-glacial vegetational dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • 2008. Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural long-term ecological laboratory.
  • 2008. Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • 2008. Hypothesis testing.
  • 2008. Biological proxies in sedimentray archives - progress, problems, potentialities.
  • 2008. Alpine Plant Biodiversity. Patterns, processes, functions, and threats.
  • 2007. The Holocene “Thermal Maximum” – The pollen view.
  • 2007. Temperature and precipitation changes around the 8200 cal yr BP event in western and northern Norway - pollen evidence.
  • 2007. Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossils assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • 2007. Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossil assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • 2007. Present-day temperatures at Sokli (northern Finland) during MIS 3 recorded by high-resolution multiproxy analysis and climate modelling.
  • 2007. Palaeoecology and current environmental problems. Is palaeoecology still a 'quaint but irrelevant speciality'?
  • 2007. New Approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • 2007. Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development, and potentials.
  • 2007. Klima i Follo, søndre Akershus, gjennom 5000 år.
  • 2007. Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or humans.
  • 2007. Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or human activity.
  • 2007. Holocene Climate Research - Progress, Paradigms, and Problems.
  • 2007. History, Evolution, and Future of Arctic and Alpine Flora.
  • 2007. Climate Change in the Holocene - an overview.
  • 2007. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial - Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • 2007. Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • 2007. Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • 2006. Vegetation and climate history at Svanåvatnet, Mo i Rana, Nordland.
  • 2006. Recent developments in radiocarbon-age calibration and age-depth modelling of Holocene stratigraphical sequences.
  • 2006. Recent developments in Holocene climate reconstructions based on pollen analysis.
  • 2006. Pollen – climate transfer functions.
  • 2006. New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • 2006. Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development and potential.
  • 2006. Holocene summer temperature variability in southern Norway - a palaeolimnological study based on chironimids, pollen, and geochemical data.
  • 2006. Holocene climate research - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • 2006. Holocene climate reseach - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • 2006. Exploring the World of High Alpines.
  • 2006. Diatom responses to 20th century climate warming in lakes from the Northern Urals, Russia.
  • 2006. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the last glacial - interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover and rates of change.
  • 2006. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial-Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • 2006. An introduction of quantitative palaeoecology.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: the problem with spatial autocorrelation.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • 2005. Patterns of change in Holocene climate records from Lyngen, Northern Norway.
  • 2004. Plant Distributional Data, Palaeoecology, and Climate Change.
  • 2004. Holocene mean July temperature and winter precipitation in western Norway inferred from lake sediment proxies.
  • 2004. Holocene 'Thermal Maximum' - the Pollen View.
  • 2003. Holosen vegetasjons- og klimahistorie fra Skibotn og Lyngen, Troms, vist ved pollen- og makrofossilanalyse.
  • 2003. Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms based on pollen and plant macrofossils.
  • 2003. All age-depth models are wrong: but which are useful?
  • 2002. Assessing the effects of within-lake variability of fossil assemblages on quantitative chironomid-inferred temperature reconstructions.
  • 2001. Past climate changes in the Norwegian Region during the glacial-Holocene transition, 14.000 - ca. 10.000 cal yr BP.
  • 2001. Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms, northern Norway, based on pollen and plant macrofossils from lake sediments.
  • 2001. Development of benthic foraminiferal transfer functions along the north eastern Atlantic margin.
  • 2000. Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • 2000. Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • 2000. Climate history as recorded by ecologically sensitive arctic and alpine lakes in Europe during the last 10,000 years: a multi-proxy approach (CHILL-10,000).
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • 2012. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer.
  • 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
  • 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
Academic literature review
  • 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. 1-25.
  • 2012. Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. 113-126.
  • 2011. The pace of Holocene vegetation change - testing for synchronous developments. 2805-2814.
  • 2011. Merging chironomid training sets: implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions. 2793-2804.
  • 2010. Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review. 655-673.
  • 2010. Biodiversity baselines, thresholds and resilience: testing predictions and assumptions using palaeoecological data. 583-591.
  • 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Northern Europe. 523-535.
  • 2009. Flora, vegetation and climate at Sokli, northeastern Fennoscandia, during the Weichselian Middle Pleniglacial. 335-348.
  • 2008. Holocene moisture evolution in arid central Asia and its out-of-phase relationship with Asian monsoon history. 351-364.
  • 2008. Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? 261-267.
  • 2006. What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. 1261-1265.
  • 2006. Multi-proxy studies in palaeolimnology. 235-251.
  • 2005. Holocene environmental history and climate of Råtåsjøen, a low-alpine lake in south-central Norway. 129-153.
  • 2005. Fifty years of Quaternary pollen analysis in Fennoscandia 1954-2004. 1-22.
  • 2005. Chironomids as a tool for inferring Holocene climate: an assessment based on six sites in southern Scandinavia. 1429-1462.
  • 2005. A multi-proxy palaeoecological study of Alanen Laanijärvi, a boreal-forest lake in Swedish Lapland. 192-206.
  • 2004. Benthonic foraminiferal distributions and quantitative transfer functions for the northwest European continental margin. 197-226.
  • 2004. A modern pollen-climate calibration set from northern Europe: developing and testing a tool for palaeoclimatological reconstructions. 251-267.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Qualifications and society memberships

BA (1966), PhD (1969), MA (1970), ScD (1981) University of Cambridge

Philosophiae Doctor Honoris Causa (1998) University of Lund

Foreign Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1987), The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2014), and the Royal Society of Edinburgh (2016)

Awards

Bicentenary Medal of the Linnean Society of London (1982)

Władysław Szafer Medal of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1986)

Fridtjof Nansen Prize, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1998)

Rector's Medal, University of Helsinki (1998)

Fridtjof Nansen Medal, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (2003)

Honorary Fellow, Botanical Society of Scotland (2004)

President's Prize, Botanical Society of the British Isles (2005)

Honorary Fellow, University College London (2010)

Lifetime Acheivement Award and Medal, International Paleolimnology Association (2012)

HOPE Humans on Planet Earth - long-term impacts on biosphere dynamics

IGNEX Interglacials and glacials - natural experiments in biodiversity dynamics

IGNEX-eco applying the ideas of IGNEX to restoration ecology, landscape management, and conservation

PollChem Pollen Chemistry as the Next Generation Tool in Palaeoecological Research - Theory, Methods and Applications