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  • E-mailJohn.Birks@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 33 50
  • Visitor Address
    Thormølens gate 53 A/B
    5006 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Quaternary palaeoecology, pollen analysis, vegetation history, quantitative palaeoecology and palaeolimnology, quantitative environmental reconstructions, community ecology, plant geography, bryology, alpine plant ecology.

ORCiD: H. John B. Birks

Google Scholar: H John B Birks

Invited lectures in Bio-250 Palaeoecology

Selected publications (a more complete list can be found here)

Books

Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. and Smol, J.P. (eds.) (2012) Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer, Dordrecht, 745 pp.

Averis, A.M., Averis, A.B.G., Birks, H.J.B., Horsfield, D., Thompson, D.B.A. and Yeo, M.J.M. (2004) An Illustrated Guide to British Upland Vegetation. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, 454 pp

Birks, H.J.B. and Gordon, A.D. (1985) Numerical Methods in Quaternary Pollen Analysis. Academic Press, 317 pp. (translated into Chinese by Shen Caiming and published by Nanjing University Press, China, 239 pp).

Huntley, B. and Birks, H.J.B. (1983) An Atlas of Past and Present Pollen Maps for Europe: 0‑13000 years ago. Cambridge University Press, 667 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. and Birks, H.H. (1980) Quaternary Palaeoecology. Edward Arnold, 289 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. (1973) Past and Present Vegetation of the Isle of Skye ‑ a Palaeoecological Study. Cambridge University Press, 415 pp.

Papers

Birks, H.J.B.,  Birks, H.H. & Ammann, B. 2016. The fourth dimension of vegetation. Science 354: 412-413. 10.1126/science.aai8737

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A. & Seddon, A.W.R. 2016. Biodiversity trends within the Holocene. The Holocene 26: 994-1001. 10.1177/095968361562256

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A., Seppä, H. & Giesecke, T. 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 228: 1-25. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.12.011

Felde, V.A., Hooghiemstra, H., Torres, V. & Birks, H.J.B. 2016. Detecting patterns of change in a long pollen-stratigraphical sequence from Funza, Colombia – a comparison of new and traditional numerical approaches. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 234: 94-109. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.08.003

Herzschuh, U., Birks, H.J.B., Laepple, T., Andreev, A., Melles, M. & Brigham-Grette, J. 2016. Glacial legacies on interglacial vegetation at the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition in Asia. Nature Communications 7: 11967. 10.1038/ncomms11967

Steinbauer, M.J., Field, R., and 33 co-authors including Grytnes, J.-A., Birks, H.J.B. & Vetaas, O.R. 2016. Topography-driven isolation, speciation and a global increase of endemism with elevation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 1097-1107. 10.1111/geb.12469

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Some reflections on the refugium concept in historical biogeography, contemporary ecology, and global-change biology. Biodiversity 16: 196-212. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1117022

Wasof, S., Lenoir, J. and 46 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B., Grytnes, J.-A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Disjunct populations of European vascular plant species keep the same climatic niches. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 1401-1412. 10.1111/geb.12375

Birks, H.J.B. and Willis, K.J. (2008) Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecology and Diversity 1: 147-160.  10.1080/17550870802349146

Birks, H.H. and Birks, H.J.B. (2000) Future uses of pollen analysis must  include plant macrofossils. Journal of Biogeography 27, 31-35.  10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00375.x

Birks, H.J.B. and Line, J.M. (1992) The use of rarefaction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene 2, 1-10.  10.1177/095968369200200101

Birks, H.J.B., Line, J.M., Juggins, S., Stevenson, A.C. and ter Braak, C.J.F. (1990) Diatoms and pH reconstruction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 327, 263‑278.  10.1098/rstb.1990.0062

Birks, H.J.B. (1989) Holocene isochrone maps and patterns of tree‑spreading in the British Isles. Journal of Biogeography 16, 503‑540.  10.2307/2845208

Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2014). Revisiting tree-migration rates: Abies alba (Mill.), a case study. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 113-122.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Regional climate model simulations for Europe at 6k and 0.2k years BP: sensitivity to changes in anthropogenic deforestation. Climate of the Past. 661-680.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Quantitative reconstruction of precipitation changes on the NE Tibetan Plateau since the Last Glacial Maximum - extending the concept of pollen source area to pollen-based climate reconstructions from large lakes. Climate of the Past. 21-39.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology. 256-267.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Vegetation responses to late-glacial climate changes in western Norway. Preslia. 215-237.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Tree migration rates: narrowing the gap between inferred post-glacial rates and projected rates. PLOS ONE.
  • Show author(s) (2013). The effect of calibration data set selection on quantitative palaeoclimatic reconstructions. The Holocene. 1650-1654.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Soil mineral depletion drives early Holocene lake acidification. Geology. 415-418.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Siberian larch forests and the ion content of thaw lakes form a geochemically functional entity. Nature Communications.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Rick Battarbee and his many contributions to palaeolimnology. Journal of Paleolimnology. 313-332.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Pollen-based palaeoclimate reconstructions over long glacialinterglacial timescales: methodological tests based on the Holocene and MIS 5dc deposits at Sokli, northern Finland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 271-282.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Long-term vegetation stability in northern Europe as assessed by changes in species co-occurrences. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 289-302.
  • Show author(s) (2013). 'Diatoms and pH reconstruction' (1990) revisited. Journal of Paleolimnology. 363-371.
  • Show author(s) (2011). The distribution and abundance of chironomids in high-latitude Eurasian lakes with respect to temperature and continentality: development and application of new chironomid-based climate-inference models in northern Russia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1122-1141.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Quantification of UV-B flux through time using UV-B-absorbing compounds contained in fossil Pinus sporopollenin. New Phytologist. 553-560.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Effect of uneven sampling along an environmental gradient on transfer function performance. Journal of Paleolimnology. 99-106.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Driving forces of mid-Holocene vegetation shifts on the upper Tibetan Plateau, with emphasis on changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1907-1917.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) succession in Zabieniec bog and its palaeo-lake (central Poland) through the Late Weichselian and Holocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 150-167.
  • Show author(s) (2010). What caused the mid-Holocene forest decline on the eastern Tibet-Qinghai Plateau? Global Ecology and Biogeography. 278-286.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Regional consistency in Lateglacial chironomid-inferred temperatures from five sites in north-west England. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1528-1538.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Reconciling pollen-stratigraphical and tree-ring evidence for high- and low-frequency temperature variability in the past millennium. Quaternary Science Reviews. 3905-3918.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Recent vegetation changes at the high-latitude tree line ecotone are controlled by geomorphological disturbance, productivity and diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 810-821.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Quantifying recent ecological changes in remote lakes of North America and Greenland using sediment diatom assemblages. PLOS ONE.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Oribatid mite assemblages across the tree-line in western Norway and their representation in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology. 361-374.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Midges as quantitative temperature indicator species: Lessons for palaeoecology. The Holocene. 989-1002.
  • Show author(s) (2010). How important is plot relocation accuracy when interpreting re-visitation studies of vegetation change? Plant Ecology & Diversity. 1-8.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Holocene land-cover reconstructions for studies on land cover-climate feedbacks. Climate of the Past. 483-499.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Holocene land-cover changes on the Tibetan Plateau. The Holocene. 91-104.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Holocene climate and environmental history of Brurskardstjørni, a lake in the catchment of Øvre Heimdalsvatn, south-central Norway. Hydrobiologia. 13-34.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Evaluating the indicator value of Tibetan pollen taxa for modern vegetation and climate. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 197-208.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Early-Holocene temperature variability inferred from chironomid assemblages at Hawes Water, northwest England. The Holocene. 943-954.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Early Weichselian (MIS 5d and 5c) temperatures and environmental changes in northern Fennoscandia as recorded by chironomids and macroremains at Sokli, northeast Finland. Boreas. 689-704.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Developing a modern pollen-climate calibration data set for Norway. Boreas. 674-688.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Chironomid-inferred late-glacial summer air temperatures from Lough Nadourcan, Co. Donegal, Ireland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 1200-1210.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Alpine vegetation and species-richness patterns along two altitudinal gradients in the Gyama Valley, south-central Tibet, China. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 235-247.
  • Show author(s) (2010). A modern pollen–climate calibration set based on lake sediments from the Tibetan Plateau and its application to a Late Quaternary pollen record from the Qilian Mountains. Journal of Biogeography. 752-766.
  • Show author(s) (2010). 4 ◦C and beyond: what did this mean for biodiversity in the past? Systematics and Biodiversity. 3-9.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Variability in thermal and UV-B energy fluxes through time and their influence on plant diversity and speciation. Journal of Biogeography. 1630-1644.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Svend Th Anderssen (1926-2009). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 189-191.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Quantitative summer-temperature reconstructions for the last 2000 years based on pollen-stratigraphical data from northern Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 43-56.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Evaluation of transfer functions in spatially structured environments. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1309-1316.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Quantitative summer-temperature reconstructions for the last 2000 years based on pollen-stratigraphical data from northern Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 43-56.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Late-Quaternary summer temperature changes in the northern-European tree-line region. Quaternary Research. 404-412.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Exploring Holocene continentality changes in Fennoscandia using present and past tree distributions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1296-1308.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Diatom responses to 20th century climate warming in lakes from the northern Urals, Russia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 96-106.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Younger Dryas-Holocene transition at Kråkenes, western Norway. The Holocene. 19-30.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 147-160.
  • Show author(s) (2008). A multiproxy palaeolimnological investigation of Holocene environmental change, between c. 10700 and 7200 years BP, at Holebudalen, southern Norway. The Holocene. 805-817.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Are cladoceran fossils in lake sediment samples a biased reflection of the communities from which they are derived? Journal of Paleolimnology. 157-181.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Quantitative palaeotemperature records inferred from fossil pollen and chironomid assemblages from Lake Gilltjarnen, northern central Sweden. Journal of Quaternary Science. 831-841.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Holocene palaeoclimate reconstructions at Vanndalsvatnet, western Norway, with particular reference to the 8200 ca. yr BP event. The Holocene. 717-729.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies. Science. 1015-1015.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Relationships between calibrated ages and depth in stratigraphical sequences: an estimation procedure by mixed-effect regression. The Holocene. 612-618.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Palaeolimnological evidence for recent climatic change in lakes from the northern Urals, arctic Russia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 463-482.
  • Show author(s) (2005). On the presence of late-glacial trees in western Norway and the Scandes: a further comment. Journal of Biogeography. 376-378.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Mind the gap: how open were European primeval forests? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 154-156.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Holocene mean July temperature and winter precipitation in western Norway inferred from palynological and glaciological lake-sediment proxies. The Holocene. 177-189.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Holocene glacier history of Bjornbreen and climatic reconstruction in central Jotunheimen, Norway, based on proximal glaciofluvial stream-bank mires. Quaternary Science Reviews. 67-90.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Climate-driven regime shifts in the biological communities of arctic lakes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
  • Show author(s) (2004). The intercept is a poor estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age. The Holocene. 296-298.
  • Show author(s) (2004). The Rise and Fall of Forests. Science. 484-485.
  • Show author(s) (2004). The Dynamics of Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) Assemblages in Response to Environmental Change during the past 700 years on Svalbard. Journal of Paleolimnology. 483-498.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Recent environmental change and human impact on Svalbard: the lake-sediment geochemical record. Journal of Paleolimnology. 515-530.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments - synthesis and general conclusions. Journal of Paleolimnology. 531-546.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments - modern limnology, vegetation, and pollen deposition. Journal of Paleolimnology. 411-431.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments - an introduction. Journal of Paleolimnology. 403-410.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Long-term effects of reclamation treatments on plant succession in Iceland. Restoration Ecology. 268-278.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Lake-Sediment Records of Recent Environmental Change on Svalbard: Results of Diatom Analysis. Journal of Paleolimnology. 445-466.
  • Show author(s) (2004). All age-depth models are wrong: but how badly? Quaternary Science Reviews. 1-5.
  • Show author(s) (2001). Temperaturforhold langs Norskekysten gjennom de siste 400 år. Cicerone. 19-21.
  • Show author(s) (1999). The altitudinal gradient of vascular plant richness in Aurland, western Norway. Ecography. 548-566.
  • Show author(s) (1998). The comparative ecology of Polystichum aculeatum, P. braunii, and P. lonchitis in Hordaland, western Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany (NJB). 267-288.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2020). A Humboldt Legacy – High-elevational limits of vascular plants: Europe, North America, Himalaya, East Africa, Andes.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Lennart von Post and Quaternary palynology since the 1960s.
  • Show author(s) (2015). A brief history of climate – the northern seas from the Last Glacial Maximum to global warming.
  • Show author(s) (2014). 52 glaciers and one lake: how to reconstruct past regional glacier variability.
  • Show author(s) (2013). The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway – their history and origin.
  • Show author(s) (2013). North-Atlantic Holocene climate variability reflected in the dynamical response of Norwegian maritime glaciers.
  • Show author(s) (2013). Diversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2012). The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway - their history and origin.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Land-cover and ecological changes in Tibet during the last 15,000 years.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Ecosystem changes at the time of the establishment of beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Ecological and land-cover thresholds, inertia, and responses to climate change during the last 15,000 years on the Tibet Plateau – A case study.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Biodiversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Ancient DNA from lake sediments - Fact or fiction?
  • Show author(s) (2011). Vegetation responses to rapid climate change at the late-glacial/Holocene transition.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Towards an integrated valuation of mountain landscapes.
  • Show author(s) (2011). The evolutionary legacies of the Quaternary ice ages.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Significance tests for transfer function-derived quantitative reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Plant life in the cold - arctic and alpine environments.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Ongoing research and future perspectives- the Bergen palaeoecology group’s work in the Arctic.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Long-term ecology and conservation biology - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Introduction to Quaternary palaeoecology.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Inferring past environments from biological data: progress, problems, and potentialities.
  • Show author(s) (2011). DYNAWARM: Dynamics of Past Warm Climates.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Can the secrets of the past help us make future predictions: Controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Biotic responses to rapid climate chagnes 10000-12000 years ago - ecological processes, thresholds, resilience, and novel ecosystems.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Towards a new Framework for the Management of Cultural and Natural Heritage in upland Landscape Conservation Areas (LCA) in Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Summer temperature trends during the last 2000 years innorthern Fennoscandia and the Kola Peninsula.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Indirect Gradient Analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Hypothesis Testing and Time-Series Analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Direct Gradient Analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Calibration, Transfer Functions, and Environmental Reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Analysis of stratigraphical data.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Alpine plants at the equator - giants and dwarfs.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Plant Species Richness in Space - Patterns and Processes.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Past climates of the Arctic: A chironomid-based temperature reconstruction of an Arctic lake on western Spitsbergen.
  • Show author(s) (2009). New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Long-Term Ecology and Management in Upland Landscapes - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Fennoscandia.
  • Show author(s) (2009). How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • Show author(s) (2009). How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Atlantic hazel woods - a lichenologist's paradise, an ecologist's problem.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Time-series analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Stratigraphical data analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Rapid ecosystem shifts during the late Holocene in a Picea abies forest in south-eastern Norway - local stand scale dynamics and patterns.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Quantitative environmental reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Overview of continental palaeoclimatic proxies in time and space.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Interglacial-glacial vegetational dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural long-term ecological laboratory.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Hypothesis testing.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Biological proxies in sedimentray archives - progress, problems, potentialities.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Alpine Plant Biodiversity. Patterns, processes, functions, and threats.
  • Show author(s) (2007). The Holocene “Thermal Maximum” – The pollen view.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Temperature and precipitation changes around the 8200 cal yr BP event in western and northern Norway - pollen evidence.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossils assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossil assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Present-day temperatures at Sokli (northern Finland) during MIS 3 recorded by high-resolution multiproxy analysis and climate modelling.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Palaeoecology and current environmental problems. Is palaeoecology still a 'quaint but irrelevant speciality'?
  • Show author(s) (2007). New Approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development, and potentials.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Klima i Follo, søndre Akershus, gjennom 5000 år.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or humans.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or human activity.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Holocene Climate Research - Progress, Paradigms, and Problems.
  • Show author(s) (2007). History, Evolution, and Future of Arctic and Alpine Flora.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Climate Change in the Holocene - an overview.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial - Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • Show author(s) (2007). Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Vegetation and climate history at Svanåvatnet, Mo i Rana, Nordland.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Recent developments in radiocarbon-age calibration and age-depth modelling of Holocene stratigraphical sequences.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Recent developments in Holocene climate reconstructions based on pollen analysis.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Pollen – climate transfer functions.
  • Show author(s) (2006). New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development and potential.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Holocene summer temperature variability in southern Norway - a palaeolimnological study based on chironimids, pollen, and geochemical data.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Holocene climate research - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Holocene climate reseach - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Exploring the World of High Alpines.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Diatom responses to 20th century climate warming in lakes from the Northern Urals, Russia.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Biological responses to rapid climate change at the last glacial - interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover and rates of change.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial-Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • Show author(s) (2006). An introduction of quantitative palaeoecology.
  • Show author(s) (2005). The secret assumption of transfer functions: the problem with spatial autocorrelation.
  • Show author(s) (2005). The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • Show author(s) (2005). The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Patterns of change in Holocene climate records from Lyngen, Northern Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Plant Distributional Data, Palaeoecology, and Climate Change.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Holocene mean July temperature and winter precipitation in western Norway inferred from lake sediment proxies.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Holocene 'Thermal Maximum' - the Pollen View.
  • Show author(s) (2003). Holosen vegetasjons- og klimahistorie fra Skibotn og Lyngen, Troms, vist ved pollen- og makrofossilanalyse.
  • Show author(s) (2003). Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms based on pollen and plant macrofossils.
  • Show author(s) (2003). All age-depth models are wrong: but which are useful?
  • Show author(s) (2002). Assessing the effects of within-lake variability of fossil assemblages on quantitative chironomid-inferred temperature reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) (2001). Past climate changes in the Norwegian Region during the glacial-Holocene transition, 14.000 - ca. 10.000 cal yr BP.
  • Show author(s) (2001). Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms, northern Norway, based on pollen and plant macrofossils from lake sediments.
  • Show author(s) (2001). Development of benthic foraminiferal transfer functions along the north eastern Atlantic margin.
  • Show author(s) (2000). Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • Show author(s) (2000). Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • Show author(s) (2000). Climate history as recorded by ecologically sensitive arctic and alpine lakes in Europe during the last 10,000 years: a multi-proxy approach (CHILL-10,000).
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2012). Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer.
  • Show author(s) (1988). The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
  • Show author(s) (1988). The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
Academic literature review
  • Show author(s) (2016). Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 1-25.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews. 113-126.
  • Show author(s) (2011). The pace of Holocene vegetation change - testing for synchronous developments. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2805-2814.
  • Show author(s) (2011). Merging chironomid training sets: implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2793-2804.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review. Boreas. 655-673.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Biodiversity baselines, thresholds and resilience: testing predictions and assumptions using palaeoecological data. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 583-591.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Northern Europe. Climate of the Past. 523-535.
  • Show author(s) (2009). Flora, vegetation and climate at Sokli, northeastern Fennoscandia, during the Weichselian Middle Pleniglacial. Boreas. 335-348.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Holocene moisture evolution in arid central Asia and its out-of-phase relationship with Asian monsoon history. Quaternary Science Reviews. 351-364.
  • Show author(s) (2008). Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 261-267.
  • Show author(s) (2006). What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. Science. 1261-1265.
  • Show author(s) (2006). Multi-proxy studies in palaeolimnology. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 235-251.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Holocene environmental history and climate of Råtåsjøen, a low-alpine lake in south-central Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 129-153.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Fifty years of Quaternary pollen analysis in Fennoscandia 1954-2004. Grana. 1-22.
  • Show author(s) (2005). Chironomids as a tool for inferring Holocene climate: an assessment based on six sites in southern Scandinavia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1429-1462.
  • Show author(s) (2005). A multi-proxy palaeoecological study of Alanen Laanijärvi, a boreal-forest lake in Swedish Lapland. Boreas. 192-206.
  • Show author(s) (2004). Benthonic foraminiferal distributions and quantitative transfer functions for the northwest European continental margin. Marine Micropaleontology. 197-226.
  • Show author(s) (2004). A modern pollen-climate calibration set from northern Europe: developing and testing a tool for palaeoclimatological reconstructions. Journal of Biogeography. 251-267.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

HOPE Humans on Planet Earth - long-term impacts on biosphere dynamics

IGNEX Interglacials and glacials - natural experiments in biodiversity dynamics

IGNEX-eco applying the ideas of IGNEX to restoration ecology, landscape management, and conservation

PollChem Pollen Chemistry as the Next Generation Tool in Palaeoecological Research - Theory, Methods and Applications

 

Qualifications and society memberships

BA (1966), PhD (1969), MA (1970), ScD (1981) University of Cambridge

Philosophiae Doctor Honoris Causa (1998) University of Lund

Foreign Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1987), The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2014), and the Royal Society of Edinburgh (2016)

Awards

Bicentenary Medal of the Linnean Society of London (1982)

Władysław Szafer Medal of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1986)

Fridtjof Nansen Prize, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1998)

Rector's Medal, University of Helsinki (1998)

Fridtjof Nansen Medal, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (2003)

Honorary Fellow, Botanical Society of Scotland (2004)

President's Prize, Botanical Society of the British Isles (2005)

Honorary Fellow, University College London (2010)

Lifetime Acheivement Award and Medal, International Paleolimnology Association (2012)