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John Birks

Professor, Professor Emeritus in Quantitative Palaeoecology and Ecology
  • E-mailJohn.Birks@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 33 50
  • Visitor Address
    Thormøhlensgt. 53 A/B
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Quaternary palaeoecology, pollen analysis, vegetation history, quantitative palaeoecology and palaeolimnology, quantitative environmental reconstructions, community ecology, plant geography, bryology, alpine plant ecology.

ORCiD: H. John B. Birks

Google Scholar: H John B Birks

Invited lectures in Bio-250 Palaeoecology

Selected publications (a more complete list can be found here)

Books

Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. and Smol, J.P. (eds.) (2012) Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer, Dordrecht, 745 pp.

Averis, A.M., Averis, A.B.G., Birks, H.J.B., Horsfield, D., Thompson, D.B.A. and Yeo, M.J.M. (2004) An Illustrated Guide to British Upland Vegetation. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, 454 pp

Birks, H.J.B. and Gordon, A.D. (1985) Numerical Methods in Quaternary Pollen Analysis. Academic Press, 317 pp. (translated into Chinese by Shen Caiming and published by Nanjing University Press, China, 239 pp).

Huntley, B. and Birks, H.J.B. (1983) An Atlas of Past and Present Pollen Maps for Europe: 0‑13000 years ago. Cambridge University Press, 667 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. and Birks, H.H. (1980) Quaternary Palaeoecology. Edward Arnold, 289 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. (1973) Past and Present Vegetation of the Isle of Skye ‑ a Palaeoecological Study. Cambridge University Press, 415 pp.

Papers

Birks, H.J.B.,  Birks, H.H. & Ammann, B. 2016. The fourth dimension of vegetation. Science 354: 412-413. 10.1126/science.aai8737

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A. & Seddon, A.W.R. 2016. Biodiversity trends within the Holocene. The Holocene 26: 994-1001. 10.1177/095968361562256

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A., Seppä, H. & Giesecke, T. 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 228: 1-25. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.12.011

Felde, V.A., Hooghiemstra, H., Torres, V. & Birks, H.J.B. 2016. Detecting patterns of change in a long pollen-stratigraphical sequence from Funza, Colombia – a comparison of new and traditional numerical approaches. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 234: 94-109. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.08.003

Herzschuh, U., Birks, H.J.B., Laepple, T., Andreev, A., Melles, M. & Brigham-Grette, J. 2016. Glacial legacies on interglacial vegetation at the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition in Asia. Nature Communications 7: 11967. 10.1038/ncomms11967

Steinbauer, M.J., Field, R., and 33 co-authors including Grytnes, J.-A., Birks, H.J.B. & Vetaas, O.R. 2016. Topography-driven isolation, speciation and a global increase of endemism with elevation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 1097-1107. 10.1111/geb.12469

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Some reflections on the refugium concept in historical biogeography, contemporary ecology, and global-change biology. Biodiversity 16: 196-212. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1117022

Wasof, S., Lenoir, J. and 46 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B., Grytnes, J.-A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Disjunct populations of European vascular plant species keep the same climatic niches. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 1401-1412. 10.1111/geb.12375

Birks, H.J.B. and Willis, K.J. (2008) Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecology and Diversity 1: 147-160.  10.1080/17550870802349146

Birks, H.H. and Birks, H.J.B. (2000) Future uses of pollen analysis must  include plant macrofossils. Journal of Biogeography 27, 31-35.  10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00375.x

Birks, H.J.B. and Line, J.M. (1992) The use of rarefaction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene 2, 1-10.  10.1177/095968369200200101

Birks, H.J.B., Line, J.M., Juggins, S., Stevenson, A.C. and ter Braak, C.J.F. (1990) Diatoms and pH reconstruction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 327, 263‑278.  10.1098/rstb.1990.0062

Birks, H.J.B. (1989) Holocene isochrone maps and patterns of tree‑spreading in the British Isles. Journal of Biogeography 16, 503‑540.  10.2307/2845208

Academic article
  • 2010. What caused the mid-Holocene forest decline on the eastern Tibet-Qinghai Plateau? Global Ecology and Biogeography. 278-286.
  • 2010. Quantifying recent ecological changes in remote lakes of North America and Greenland using sediment diatom assemblages. PLOS ONE.
  • 2010. Oribatid mite assemblages across the tree-line in western Norway and their representation in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology. 361-374.
  • 2010. Holocene land-cover changes on the Tibetan Plateau. The Holocene. 91-104.
  • 2010. Holocene climate and environmental history of Brurskardstjørni, a lake in the catchment of Øvre Heimdalsvatn, south-central Norway. Hydrobiologia. 13-34.
  • 2010. Evaluating the indicator value of Tibetan pollen taxa for modern vegetation and climate. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 197-208.
  • 2010. Early-Holocene temperature variability inferred from chironomid assemblages at Hawes Water, northwest England. The Holocene. 943-954.
  • 2010. Developing a modern pollen-climate calibration data set for Norway. Boreas. 674-688.
  • 2009. Variability in thermal and UV-B energy fluxes through time and their influence on plant diversity and speciation. Journal of Biogeography. 1630-1644.
  • 2009. The development and local stand-scale dynamics of a Picea abies forest in southeastern Norway. The Holocene. 1073-1082.
  • 2008. Exploring Holocene continentality changes in Fennoscandia using present and past tree distributions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1296-1308.
  • 2007. Present-day temperatures in northern Scandinavia during the last glaciation. Geology. 987-990.
  • 2007. Estimating the amount of compositional change in Late-Quaternary pollen-stratigraphical data. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 197-202.
  • 2007. Are cladoceran fossils in lake sediment samples a biased reflection of the communities from which they are derived? Journal of Paleolimnology. 157-181.
  • 2007. A comparison of altitudinal species richness patterns of bryophytes with other plant groups in Nepal, Central Himalaya. Journal of Biogeography. 1907-1915.
  • 2006. Quantitative palaeotemperature records inferred from fossil pollen and chironomid assemblages from Lake Gilltjarnen, northern central Sweden. Journal of Quaternary Science. 831-841.
  • 2006. Holocene palaeoclimate reconstructions at Vanndalsvatnet, western Norway, with particular reference to the 8200 ca. yr BP event. The Holocene. 717-729.
  • 2006. Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies. Science. 1015-1015.
  • 2006. Derek Almey Ratcliffe, B.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc. (1929-2005). Journal of Bryology. 71-75.
  • 2006. Aquatic biota and the detection of climate change: Are there consistent aquatic ecotones? Journal of Paleolimnology. 507-518.
  • 2005. Relationships between calibrated ages and depth in stratigraphical sequences: an estimation procedure by mixed-effect regression. The Holocene. 612-618.
  • 2005. Palaeolimnological evidence for recent climatic change in lakes from the northern Urals, arctic Russia. Journal of Paleolimnology. 463-482.
  • 2005. On the presence of late-glacial trees in western Norway and the Scandes: a further comment. Journal of Biogeography. 376-378.
  • 2005. Mind the gap: how open were European primeval forests? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 154-156.
  • 2005. Holocene mean July temperature and winter precipitation in western Norway inferred from palynological and glaciological lake-sediment proxies. The Holocene. 177-189.
  • 2005. Holocene glacier history of Bjornbreen and climatic reconstruction in central Jotunheimen, Norway, based on proximal glaciofluvial stream-bank mires. Quaternary Science Reviews. 67-90.
  • 2005. Climate-driven regime shifts in the biological communities of arctic lakes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
  • 2004. The intercept is a poor estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age. The Holocene. 296-298.
  • 2004. The Rise and Fall of Forests. Science. 484-485.
  • 2004. The Dynamics of Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) Assemblages in Response to Environmental Change during the past 700 years on Svalbard. Journal of Paleolimnology. 483-498.
  • 2004. Recent environmental change and human impact on Svalbard: the lake-sediment geochemical record. Journal of Paleolimnology. 515-530.
  • 2004. Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments - synthesis and general conclusions. Journal of Paleolimnology. 531-546.
  • 2004. Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments - modern limnology, vegetation, and pollen deposition. Journal of Paleolimnology. 411-431.
  • 2004. Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments - an introduction. Journal of Paleolimnology. 403-410.
  • 2004. Long-term effects of reclamation treatments on plant succession in Iceland. Restoration Ecology. 268-278.
  • 2004. Lake-Sediment Records of Recent Environmental Change on Svalbard: Results of Diatom Analysis. Journal of Paleolimnology. 445-466.
  • 2004. Biases in the estimation of transfer function prediction errors. Paleoceanography. 5 pages.
  • 2004. All age-depth models are wrong: but how badly? Quaternary Science Reviews. 1-5.
  • 1999. The altitudinal gradient of vascular plant richness in Aurland, western Norway. Ecography. 548-566.
  • 1999. The altitudinal gradient of vascular plant richness in Aurland, western Norway. Ecography. 548-566.
  • 1999. Plant species richness in Fennoscandia: evaluating the relative importance of climate and history. Nordic Journal of Botany. 489-503.
  • 1998. The comparative ecology of Polystichum aculeatum, P. braunii, and P. lonchitis in Hordaland, western Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany. 267-288.
  • 1998. Predicting changes in Fennoscandian vascular-plant species richness as a result of future climatic change. Journal of Biogeography. 111-122.
  • 1998. D.G. Frey & E.S. Deevey Review # 1 Numerical tools in palaeolimnologyProgress, potentialities, and problems. Journal of Paleolimnology. 307-332.
  • 1998. A. Modern diatom, cladocera, chironomid, and chrysophyte cyst assemblages as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the Alps. II. Nutrients. Journal of Paleolimnology. 443-463.
  • 1998. A numerical analysis of the mesoscale distribution patterns of vascular plants in the subarctic Kevo Nature Reserve, northern Finland. Journal of Biogeography. 123-146.
  • 1997. The separation of the influence of nutrients and climate on the varve time-series of Baldeggersee, Switzerland. Aquatic Sciences. 362-375.
  • 1997. Reconstructing temperature changes from cladoceran microfossil assemblages at the late-glacial site of Kråkenes, Western Norway. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 63-64.
  • 1997. Numerical tools in fine-resolution palaeolimnology - progress, potentialities, and problems. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 13-14.
  • 1997. Modern diatom, cladocera, chironomid, and chrysophyte cyst assemblages as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the Alps. I. Climate. Journal of Paleolimnology. 395-420.
  • 1997. Modelling modern pollen - climate relationships in Norway. Geonytt. 102-102.
  • 1997. Disentangling the influence of nutrients and climate in the varved sediments of Baldeggersee (Switzerland. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 125-126.
  • 1997. Chironomidae from a laminated lake in Norway: a sensitive archive of lateglacial palaeoenvironments. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 43-44.
  • 1997. AQUAREAL: A multi-proxy study of Holocene sediment archives in Alpine lakes. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 127-128.
  • 1996. Variation in the geochemistry of recent lake sediments along a west-east pollution gradient in the Bergen area, Norway. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 47-81.
  • 1996. Spatial and environmental components of variation in the distribution patterns of subarctic plant species at Kevo, N Finland - A case study the meso-scale level. Ecography. 341-351.
  • 1996. Quantitative Reconstruction of Past Land-use and Soil Conditions Using the Modern Analogue Approach - A Case Study in South Sweden. PACT (Strasbourg). 431-442.
  • 1996. Contributions of Quaternary palaeoecology to nature conservation. Journal of Vegetation Science. 89-98.
  • 1995. Late-glacial pollen and diatom changes in responses to two different environmental perturbations: volcanic eruption and the Younger Dryas cooling. Journal of Paleolimnology. 23-47.
  • 1993. The mid-Holocene Ulmus decline at Diss Mere, south-east England - disease and human impact? Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 61-68.
  • 1993. The ecology and conservation of the Killarney Fern (Trichomanes speciosum Willd.) in Britain and Ireland. Biological Conservation. 231-247.
  • 1993. Prehistoric increases in the pH of acid-sensitive Swedish lakes caused by land-use changes. Nature. 824-827.
  • 1993. Impact of computer-intensive procedures in testing palaeoecological hypotheses. INQUA - Commission for the Study of the Holocene - Working Group on Data-Handling Methods Newsletter. 1-5.
  • 1993. Assessing the representativeness of nature reserves using multivariate analyses: vascular plants and breeding birds in deciduous forests, western Norway. Biological Conservation. 121-132.
  • 1993. A new biogeographical classification of the Scottish Uplands II. Vegetation-environment associations. Journal of Ecology. 231-251.
  • 1992. The use of rarefraction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene. 1-10.
  • 1992. The use of rarefraction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene. 1-10.
  • 1992. Scaled chrysophytes (Chrysophyceae and Synurophyceae) from Adirondac drainage lakes and their relationships to environmental variables. Journal of Phycology. 162-178.
  • 1992. Notes on the flora and vegetation of Canna and Sanday. Botanical Journal of Scotland. 15-26.
  • 1992. How much acidification has occured in Adirondack (New York, USA) lakes since pre-industrial times? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 128-141.
  • 1992. Assessing damaged fishery resources and lake water aluminum trends using paleolimnological analyses of siliceous algae. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 116-127.
  • 1992. Anoectangium warburgii in western Norway. Lindbergia. 67-68.
Academic lecture
  • 2020. A Humboldt Legacy – High-elevational limits of vascular plants: Europe, North America, Himalaya, East Africa, Andes.
  • 2016. Lennart von Post and Quaternary palynology since the 1960s.
  • 2015. A brief history of climate – the northern seas from the Last Glacial Maximum to global warming.
  • 2014. 52 glaciers and one lake: how to reconstruct past regional glacier variability.
  • 2013. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway – their history and origin.
  • 2013. North-Atlantic Holocene climate variability reflected in the dynamical response of Norwegian maritime glaciers.
  • 2013. Diversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • 2012. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway - their history and origin.
  • 2012. Land-cover and ecological changes in Tibet during the last 15,000 years.
  • 2012. Ecosystem changes at the time of the establishment of beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway.
  • 2012. Ecological and land-cover thresholds, inertia, and responses to climate change during the last 15,000 years on the Tibet Plateau – A case study.
  • 2012. Biodiversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • 2012. Ancient DNA from lake sediments - Fact or fiction?
  • 2011. Vegetation responses to rapid climate change at the late-glacial/Holocene transition.
  • 2011. Towards an integrated valuation of mountain landscapes.
  • 2011. The evolutionary legacies of the Quaternary ice ages.
  • 2011. Significance tests for transfer function-derived quantitative reconstructions.
  • 2011. Plant life in the cold - arctic and alpine environments.
  • 2011. Ongoing research and future perspectives- the Bergen palaeoecology group’s work in the Arctic.
  • 2011. Long-term ecology and conservation biology - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • 2011. Introduction to Quaternary palaeoecology.
  • 2011. Inferring past environments from biological data: progress, problems, and potentialities.
  • 2011. DYNAWARM: Dynamics of Past Warm Climates.
  • 2011. Can the secrets of the past help us make future predictions: Controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • 2011. Biotic responses to rapid climate chagnes 10000-12000 years ago - ecological processes, thresholds, resilience, and novel ecosystems.
  • 2010. Towards a new Framework for the Management of Cultural and Natural Heritage in upland Landscape Conservation Areas (LCA) in Norway.
  • 2010. Summer temperature trends during the last 2000 years innorthern Fennoscandia and the Kola Peninsula.
  • 2010. Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • 2010. Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • 2010. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • 2010. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • 2010. Indirect Gradient Analysis.
  • 2010. Hypothesis Testing and Time-Series Analysis.
  • 2010. Direct Gradient Analysis.
  • 2010. Calibration, Transfer Functions, and Environmental Reconstructions.
  • 2010. Analysis of stratigraphical data.
  • 2010. Alpine plants at the equator - giants and dwarfs.
  • 2009. Plant Species Richness in Space - Patterns and Processes.
  • 2009. Past climates of the Arctic: A chironomid-based temperature reconstruction of an Arctic lake on western Spitsbergen.
  • 2009. New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • 2009. Long-Term Ecology and Management in Upland Landscapes - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Fennoscandia.
  • 2009. How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • 2009. How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • 2009. Atlantic hazel woods - a lichenologist's paradise, an ecologist's problem.
  • 2008. Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • 2008. Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • 2008. Time-series analysis.
  • 2008. Stratigraphical data analysis.
  • 2008. Rapid ecosystem shifts during the late Holocene in a Picea abies forest in south-eastern Norway - local stand scale dynamics and patterns.
  • 2008. Quantitative environmental reconstructions.
  • 2008. Overview of continental palaeoclimatic proxies in time and space.
  • 2008. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • 2008. Interglacial-glacial vegetational dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • 2008. Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural long-term ecological laboratory.
  • 2008. Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • 2008. Hypothesis testing.
  • 2008. Biological proxies in sedimentray archives - progress, problems, potentialities.
  • 2008. Alpine Plant Biodiversity. Patterns, processes, functions, and threats.
  • 2007. The Holocene “Thermal Maximum” – The pollen view.
  • 2007. Temperature and precipitation changes around the 8200 cal yr BP event in western and northern Norway - pollen evidence.
  • 2007. Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossils assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • 2007. Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossil assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • 2007. Present-day temperatures at Sokli (northern Finland) during MIS 3 recorded by high-resolution multiproxy analysis and climate modelling.
  • 2007. Palaeoecology and current environmental problems. Is palaeoecology still a 'quaint but irrelevant speciality'?
  • 2007. New Approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • 2007. Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development, and potentials.
  • 2007. Klima i Follo, søndre Akershus, gjennom 5000 år.
  • 2007. Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or humans.
  • 2007. Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or human activity.
  • 2007. Holocene Climate Research - Progress, Paradigms, and Problems.
  • 2007. History, Evolution, and Future of Arctic and Alpine Flora.
  • 2007. Climate Change in the Holocene - an overview.
  • 2007. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial - Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • 2007. Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • 2007. Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • 2006. Vegetation and climate history at Svanåvatnet, Mo i Rana, Nordland.
  • 2006. Recent developments in radiocarbon-age calibration and age-depth modelling of Holocene stratigraphical sequences.
  • 2006. Recent developments in Holocene climate reconstructions based on pollen analysis.
  • 2006. Pollen – climate transfer functions.
  • 2006. New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • 2006. Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development and potential.
  • 2006. Holocene summer temperature variability in southern Norway - a palaeolimnological study based on chironimids, pollen, and geochemical data.
  • 2006. Holocene climate research - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • 2006. Holocene climate reseach - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • 2006. Exploring the World of High Alpines.
  • 2006. Diatom responses to 20th century climate warming in lakes from the Northern Urals, Russia.
  • 2006. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the last glacial - interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover and rates of change.
  • 2006. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial-Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • 2006. An introduction of quantitative palaeoecology.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: the problem with spatial autocorrelation.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • 2005. Patterns of change in Holocene climate records from Lyngen, Northern Norway.
  • 2004. Plant Distributional Data, Palaeoecology, and Climate Change.
  • 2004. Holocene mean July temperature and winter precipitation in western Norway inferred from lake sediment proxies.
  • 2004. Holocene 'Thermal Maximum' - the Pollen View.
  • 2003. Holosen vegetasjons- og klimahistorie fra Skibotn og Lyngen, Troms, vist ved pollen- og makrofossilanalyse.
  • 2003. Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms based on pollen and plant macrofossils.
  • 2003. All age-depth models are wrong: but which are useful?
  • 2002. Assessing the effects of within-lake variability of fossil assemblages on quantitative chironomid-inferred temperature reconstructions.
  • 2001. Past climate changes in the Norwegian Region during the glacial-Holocene transition, 14.000 - ca. 10.000 cal yr BP.
  • 2001. Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms, northern Norway, based on pollen and plant macrofossils from lake sediments.
  • 2001. Development of benthic foraminiferal transfer functions along the north eastern Atlantic margin.
  • 2000. Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • 2000. Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • 2000. Climate history as recorded by ecologically sensitive arctic and alpine lakes in Europe during the last 10,000 years: a multi-proxy approach (CHILL-10,000).
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • 2012. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer.
  • 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
  • 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
Academic literature review
  • 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. 1-25.
  • 2012. Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. 113-126.
  • 2011. The pace of Holocene vegetation change - testing for synchronous developments. 2805-2814.
  • 2011. Merging chironomid training sets: implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions. 2793-2804.
  • 2010. Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review. 655-673.
  • 2010. Biodiversity baselines, thresholds and resilience: testing predictions and assumptions using palaeoecological data. 583-591.
  • 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Northern Europe. 523-535.
  • 2009. Flora, vegetation and climate at Sokli, northeastern Fennoscandia, during the Weichselian Middle Pleniglacial. 335-348.
  • 2008. Holocene moisture evolution in arid central Asia and its out-of-phase relationship with Asian monsoon history. 351-364.
  • 2008. Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? 261-267.
  • 2006. What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. 1261-1265.
  • 2006. Multi-proxy studies in palaeolimnology. 235-251.
  • 2005. Holocene environmental history and climate of Råtåsjøen, a low-alpine lake in south-central Norway. 129-153.
  • 2005. Fifty years of Quaternary pollen analysis in Fennoscandia 1954-2004. 1-22.
  • 2005. Chironomids as a tool for inferring Holocene climate: an assessment based on six sites in southern Scandinavia. 1429-1462.
  • 2005. A multi-proxy palaeoecological study of Alanen Laanijärvi, a boreal-forest lake in Swedish Lapland. 192-206.
  • 2004. Benthonic foraminiferal distributions and quantitative transfer functions for the northwest European continental margin. 197-226.
  • 2004. A modern pollen-climate calibration set from northern Europe: developing and testing a tool for palaeoclimatological reconstructions. 251-267.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Qualifications and society memberships

BA (1966), PhD (1969), MA (1970), ScD (1981) University of Cambridge

Philosophiae Doctor Honoris Causa (1998) University of Lund

Foreign Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1987), The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2014), and the Royal Society of Edinburgh (2016)

Awards

Bicentenary Medal of the Linnean Society of London (1982)

Władysław Szafer Medal of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1986)

Fridtjof Nansen Prize, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1998)

Rector's Medal, University of Helsinki (1998)

Fridtjof Nansen Medal, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (2003)

Honorary Fellow, Botanical Society of Scotland (2004)

President's Prize, Botanical Society of the British Isles (2005)

Honorary Fellow, University College London (2010)

Lifetime Acheivement Award and Medal, International Paleolimnology Association (2012)

HOPE Humans on Planet Earth - long-term impacts on biosphere dynamics

IGNEX Interglacials and glacials - natural experiments in biodiversity dynamics

IGNEX-eco applying the ideas of IGNEX to restoration ecology, landscape management, and conservation

PollChem Pollen Chemistry as the Next Generation Tool in Palaeoecological Research - Theory, Methods and Applications