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  • E-mailJohn.Birks@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 33 50
  • Visitor Address
    Thormøhlens gate 53 A/B
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Quaternary palaeoecology, pollen analysis, vegetation history, quantitative palaeoecology and palaeolimnology, quantitative environmental reconstructions, community ecology, plant geography, bryology, alpine plant ecology.

ORCiD: H. John B. Birks

Google Scholar: H John B Birks

Invited lectures in Bio-250 Palaeoecology

Selected publications (a more complete list can be found here)

Books

Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. and Smol, J.P. (eds.) (2012) Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer, Dordrecht, 745 pp.

Averis, A.M., Averis, A.B.G., Birks, H.J.B., Horsfield, D., Thompson, D.B.A. and Yeo, M.J.M. (2004) An Illustrated Guide to British Upland Vegetation. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, 454 pp

Birks, H.J.B. and Gordon, A.D. (1985) Numerical Methods in Quaternary Pollen Analysis. Academic Press, 317 pp. (translated into Chinese by Shen Caiming and published by Nanjing University Press, China, 239 pp).

Huntley, B. and Birks, H.J.B. (1983) An Atlas of Past and Present Pollen Maps for Europe: 0‑13000 years ago. Cambridge University Press, 667 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. and Birks, H.H. (1980) Quaternary Palaeoecology. Edward Arnold, 289 pp.

Birks, H.J.B. (1973) Past and Present Vegetation of the Isle of Skye ‑ a Palaeoecological Study. Cambridge University Press, 415 pp.

Papers

Birks, H.J.B.,  Birks, H.H. & Ammann, B. 2016. The fourth dimension of vegetation. Science 354: 412-413. 10.1126/science.aai8737

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A. & Seddon, A.W.R. 2016. Biodiversity trends within the Holocene. The Holocene 26: 994-1001. 10.1177/095968361562256

Birks, H.J.B., Felde, V.A., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A., Seppä, H. & Giesecke, T. 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 228: 1-25. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.12.011

Felde, V.A., Hooghiemstra, H., Torres, V. & Birks, H.J.B. 2016. Detecting patterns of change in a long pollen-stratigraphical sequence from Funza, Colombia – a comparison of new and traditional numerical approaches. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 234: 94-109. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.08.003

Herzschuh, U., Birks, H.J.B., Laepple, T., Andreev, A., Melles, M. & Brigham-Grette, J. 2016. Glacial legacies on interglacial vegetation at the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition in Asia. Nature Communications 7: 11967. 10.1038/ncomms11967

Steinbauer, M.J., Field, R., and 33 co-authors including Grytnes, J.-A., Birks, H.J.B. & Vetaas, O.R. 2016. Topography-driven isolation, speciation and a global increase of endemism with elevation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 1097-1107. 10.1111/geb.12469

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Some reflections on the refugium concept in historical biogeography, contemporary ecology, and global-change biology. Biodiversity 16: 196-212. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1117022

Wasof, S., Lenoir, J. and 46 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B., Grytnes, J.-A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Disjunct populations of European vascular plant species keep the same climatic niches. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 1401-1412. 10.1111/geb.12375

Birks, H.J.B. and Willis, K.J. (2008) Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecology and Diversity 1: 147-160.  10.1080/17550870802349146

Birks, H.H. and Birks, H.J.B. (2000) Future uses of pollen analysis must  include plant macrofossils. Journal of Biogeography 27, 31-35.  10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00375.x

Birks, H.J.B. and Line, J.M. (1992) The use of rarefaction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene 2, 1-10.  10.1177/095968369200200101

Birks, H.J.B., Line, J.M., Juggins, S., Stevenson, A.C. and ter Braak, C.J.F. (1990) Diatoms and pH reconstruction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 327, 263‑278.  10.1098/rstb.1990.0062

Birks, H.J.B. (1989) Holocene isochrone maps and patterns of tree‑spreading in the British Isles. Journal of Biogeography 16, 503‑540.  10.2307/2845208

Academic article
  • Show author(s) 2013. Vegetation responses to late-glacial climate changes in western Norway. Preslia (Praha). 215-237.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Ecological palaeoecology and conservation biology: controversies, challenges, and compromises. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management. 292-304.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Spatial structure of the 8200 cal yr BP event in northern Europe. Climate of the Past. 225-236.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Are cladoceran fossils in lake sediment samples a biased reflection of the communities from which they are derived? Journal of Paleolimnology. 157-181.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Discussion on Bayesian palaeoclimate reconstruction by J. Haslett et al. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 433-434.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: problems with spatial autocorrelation in evaluating model performance. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2173-2179.
  • Show author(s) 2005. On the presence of late-glacial trees in western Norway and the Scandes: a further comment. Journal of Biogeography. 376-378.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Did tree-Betula, Pinus and Picea survive the last glaciation along the west coast of Norway? A review of the evidence, in light of Kullman (2002). Journal of Biogeography. 1461-1471.
  • Show author(s) 2005. A multi-proxy study of lake-development in response to catchment changes during the Holocene at Lochnagar, north-east Scotland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.
  • Show author(s) 2003. The Holocene history of Sägistalsee and its environmental history - a synthesis. Journal of Paleolimnology. 333-342.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Screening for vitamin B-12 and folate deficiency in older persons. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1241-1247.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Holocene sediments of Sägistalsee, a small lake at the present-day tree-line in the Swiss Alps. Journal of Paleolimnology. 253-260.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Effects of within-lake variability of fossil assemblages on quantitative chironomid-inferreed temperature reconstructions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 95-106.
  • Show author(s) 2002. The environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): statistical analysis of palaeoecological data from Gölhisar, southwest Turkey. The Holocene. 431-444.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Rapid climatic changes during the Greenland stadial 1 (Younger dryas) to early Holocene transition on the Norwegian Barents sea coast. Boreas. 215-225.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Quantitative multi-proxy assessment of long-term patterns of Holocene environmental change form a small lake near Abisko, northern Sweden. The Holocene. 481-496.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Pattern and process in Norwegian upland grasslands: a functional analysis. Journal of Vegetation Science (JVS). 123-134.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Partitioning floristic variance in Norwegian upland grasslands into within-site and between-site components: Are the patterns determined by environment or by land-use? Plant Ecology. 233-245.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Knut Fægri (1909-2001). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 157-161.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Holocene climate reconstructions from the Fennoscandian tree-line area based on pollen data from Toskaljarvi. Quaternary Research. 191-199.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Holocene changes in atmospheric circulation recorded in the oxygen-isotope stratigraphy of lacustrine carbonates from northern Sweden. The Holocene. 339-351.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Comparing palaeolimnological and instrumental evidence of climate change for remote mountain lakes over the last 200 years. Journal of Paleolimnology. 161-179.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Climate variability and ecosystem dynamics of remote alpine and arctic lakes: the MOLAR project. Journal of Paleolimnology. 1-6.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Climate history through the Holocene at Lochnager, Scotland. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. 159.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Tracing lake trophic history with a chironomid-total phosphorus inference model. Freshwater Biology. 513-533.
  • Show author(s) 2001. The identification of wingless Betula fruits in Weichselian sediments in the Gross Todtshorn borehole (Lower Saxony, Germany) - the occurrence of Betula humilis Schrank. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 107-115.
  • Show author(s) 2001. The environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): statistical analysis of palaeoecological data from Gölhisar, southwest Turkey. The Holocene. 431-444.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Terrestrial pollen record of recent land-use changes around nine North African lakes in the CASSARINA project. Aquatic Ecology. 431-448.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Temperaturforhold langs Norskekysten gjennom de siste 400 år. Cicerone. 19-21.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Recent ecosystem dynamics in nine North African lakes in the CASSARINA Project. Aquatic Ecology. 461-478.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Quantitative models for reconstructing catchment ice-extent using physical-chemical characteristics of lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology. 375-392.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Pollen-based climate reconstructions from the Fennoscandian tree-line area; new data from Finland. Quaternary Research. 527-539.
  • Show author(s) 2001. North African wetland lakes: characterization of nine sites included in the CASSARINA Project. Aquatic Ecology. 281-302.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Maximum likelihood environmental calibration and the computer program WACALIB - a correction. Journal of Paleolimnology. 111-115.
  • Show author(s) 2001. July mean temperature and annual precipitation trends during the Holocene in the Fennoscandian tree-line area: pollen-based climate reconstructions. The Holocene. 527-539.
  • Show author(s) 2001. July mean temperature and annual precipitation trends during the Holocene in the Fennoscandian tree-line area: pollen-based climate reconstruction. The Holocene. 527-539.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Holocene climatic change reconstructed from diatoms, chironomids, pollen and near-infrared spectroscopy at an alpine lake (Sjuodjijaure)in northern Sweden. The Holocene. 551-562.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Establishing a chronological framework as a basis for biostratigraphical comparisons. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1583-1592.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Chironomids, temperature and numerical models: a reply to Seppälä. The Holocene. 615-622.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Chironomid-inferred air temperatures from Lateglacial and Holocene sites in north-west Europe: Progress and problems. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1723-1741.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Younger Dryas and Allerød summer temperatures at Gerzensee (Switzerland) inferred from fossil pollen and cladoceran assemblages. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 349-361.
  • Show author(s) 2000. The develoopment of the aquatic ecosystem at Kråkenes Lake, western Norway, during the late-glacial and early-Holocene - a synthesis. Journal of Paleolimnology. 91-114.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Quantification of biotic responses to rapid climatic changes around the Younger Dryas - a synthesis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 313-347.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Geographical trends in the species-to-family ratio of vascular plants in Fennoscandia. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift. 60-64.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Future uses of pollen analysis must include plant macrofossils. Journal of Biogeography. 31-35.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Diatom responses to late-glacial and early-Holocene environmental changes at Kråkenes, western Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 21-34.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Chironomid-inferred late-glacial and early-Holocene mean July air temperatures for Kråkenes Lake, western Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 77-89.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Chironomid-inferred Late-glacial air temperatures at Whitrig Bog, southeast Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science. 759-764.
  • Show author(s) 1999. The altitudinal gradient of vascular plant richness in Aurland, western Norway. Ecography. 548-566.
  • Show author(s) 1999. The altitudinal gradient of vascular plant richness in Aurland, western Norway. Ecography. 548-566.
  • Show author(s) 1999. Modern diatom, cladocera, chironomid, and chrysophyte cyst assemblages as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the Alps. II. Nutrients. Journal of Paleolimnology. 443-463.
  • Show author(s) 1999. Early Holocene Atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Science. 1815-1816.
  • Show author(s) 1998. The comparative ecology of Polystichum aculeatum, P. braunii, and P. lonchitis in Hordaland, western Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany (NJB). 267-288.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Predicting changes in Fennoscandian vascular-plant species richness as a result of future climatic change. Journal of Biogeography. 111-122.
  • Show author(s) 1998. A. The comparative ecology of Polystichum aculeatum, P. braunii, and P. lonchitis in Hordaland, western Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany (NJB). 267-288.
  • Show author(s) 1998. A numerical analysis of the mesoscale distribution patterns of vascular plants in the subarctic Kevo Nature Reserve, northern Finland. Journal of Biogeography. 123-146.
  • Show author(s) 1997. The separation of the influence of nutrients and climate on the varve time-series of Baldeggersee, Switzerland. Aquatic Sciences. 362-375.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Reconstructing temperature changes from cladoceran microfossil assemblages at the late-glacial site of Kråkenes, Western Norway. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 63-64.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Numerical tools in fine-resolution palaeolimnology - progress, potentialities, and problems. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 13-14.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Modern diatom, cladocera, chironomid, and chrysophyte cyst assemblages as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the Alps. I. Climate. Journal of Paleolimnology. 395-420.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Modelling modern pollen - climate relationships in Norway. Geonytt. 102-102.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Disentangling the influence of nutrients and climate in the varved sediments of Baldeggersee (Switzerland. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 125-126.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Chironomidae from a laminated lake in Norway: a sensitive archive of lateglacial palaeoenvironments. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 43-44.
  • Show author(s) 1997. AQUAREAL: A multi-proxy study of Holocene sediment archives in Alpine lakes. Würzburger Geographische Manuskripte. 127-128.
  • Show author(s) 1997. A comparative ecological study of Norwegian mountain plants in relation to possible future climatic change. Journal of Biogeography. 127-152.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Statistical approaches to interpreting diversity patterns in the Norwegian mountain flora. Ecography. 332-340.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Numerical analysis of modern and fossil pollen spectra as a tool for elucitating the natureof fine-scale human activities in boreal areas. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 257-272.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Holocene treelines, Dendrochronology and Palaeoclimate. Paläoklimaforschung. 1-18.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Diatom-based water chemistry reconstructions from northern Sweden: A comparison of reconstruction techniques. Journal of Paleolimnology. 65-77.
  • Show author(s) 1992. The use of rarefraction analysis for estimating palynological richness from Quaternary pollen-analytical data. The Holocene. 1-10.
  • Show author(s) 1992. Assessing damaged fishery resources and lake water aluminum trends using paleolimnological analyses of siliceous algae. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 116-127.
  • Show author(s) 1992. Aquatic invertebrates, climate, scale, and statistical hypothesis testing; a response to Hann, Warner and Warwick. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 1276-1280.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) 2020. A Humboldt Legacy – High-elevational limits of vascular plants: Europe, North America, Himalaya, East Africa, Andes.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Lennart von Post and Quaternary palynology since the 1960s.
  • Show author(s) 2015. A brief history of climate – the northern seas from the Last Glacial Maximum to global warming.
  • Show author(s) 2014. 52 glaciers and one lake: how to reconstruct past regional glacier variability.
  • Show author(s) 2013. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway – their history and origin.
  • Show author(s) 2013. North-Atlantic Holocene climate variability reflected in the dynamical response of Norwegian maritime glaciers.
  • Show author(s) 2013. Diversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • Show author(s) 2012. The Fagus sylvatica forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway - their history and origin.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Land-cover and ecological changes in Tibet during the last 15,000 years.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Ecosystem changes at the time of the establishment of beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests in the Larvik region, southern Norway.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Ecological and land-cover thresholds, inertia, and responses to climate change during the last 15,000 years on the Tibet Plateau – A case study.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Biodiversity relationships between vegetation and modern pollen samples in the Setesdal valley of south-central Norway.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Ancient DNA from lake sediments - Fact or fiction?
  • Show author(s) 2011. Vegetation responses to rapid climate change at the late-glacial/Holocene transition.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Towards an integrated valuation of mountain landscapes.
  • Show author(s) 2011. The evolutionary legacies of the Quaternary ice ages.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Significance tests for transfer function-derived quantitative reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Plant life in the cold - arctic and alpine environments.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Ongoing research and future perspectives- the Bergen palaeoecology group’s work in the Arctic.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Long-term ecology and conservation biology - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Introduction to Quaternary palaeoecology.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Inferring past environments from biological data: progress, problems, and potentialities.
  • Show author(s) 2011. DYNAWARM: Dynamics of Past Warm Climates.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Can the secrets of the past help us make future predictions: Controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Biotic responses to rapid climate chagnes 10000-12000 years ago - ecological processes, thresholds, resilience, and novel ecosystems.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Towards a new Framework for the Management of Cultural and Natural Heritage in upland Landscape Conservation Areas (LCA) in Norway.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Summer temperature trends during the last 2000 years innorthern Fennoscandia and the Kola Peninsula.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Long-Term Ecology and Conservation Biology – Controversies, Challenges, and Compromises.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Indirect Gradient Analysis.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Hypothesis Testing and Time-Series Analysis.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Direct Gradient Analysis.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Calibration, Transfer Functions, and Environmental Reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Analysis of stratigraphical data.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Alpine plants at the equator - giants and dwarfs.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Plant Species Richness in Space - Patterns and Processes.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Past climates of the Arctic: A chironomid-based temperature reconstruction of an Arctic lake on western Spitsbergen.
  • Show author(s) 2009. New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Long-Term Ecology and Management in Upland Landscapes - controversies, challenges, and compromises.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Fennoscandia.
  • Show author(s) 2009. How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • Show author(s) 2009. How the secrets of the past can help future ecological predictions.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Atlantic hazel woods - a lichenologist's paradise, an ecologist's problem.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Using Earth System Models to test competing palaeoecological hypotheses about Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Time-series analysis.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Stratigraphical data analysis.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Rapid ecosystem shifts during the late Holocene in a Picea abies forest in south-eastern Norway - local stand scale dynamics and patterns.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Quantitative environmental reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Overview of continental palaeoclimatic proxies in time and space.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Introduction and Overview of Major Numerical Methods.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Interglacial-glacial vegetational dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural long-term ecological laboratory.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Interglacial - glacial vegetation dynamics - a natural ecological laboratory.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Hypothesis testing.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Biological proxies in sedimentray archives - progress, problems, potentialities.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Alpine Plant Biodiversity. Patterns, processes, functions, and threats.
  • Show author(s) 2007. The Holocene “Thermal Maximum” – The pollen view.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Temperature and precipitation changes around the 8200 cal yr BP event in western and northern Norway - pollen evidence.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossils assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Quantitative palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from fossil assemblages - approaches, methods, assumptions, evaluation, and validation.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Present-day temperatures at Sokli (northern Finland) during MIS 3 recorded by high-resolution multiproxy analysis and climate modelling.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Palaeoecology and current environmental problems. Is palaeoecology still a 'quaint but irrelevant speciality'?
  • Show author(s) 2007. New Approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development, and potentials.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Klima i Follo, søndre Akershus, gjennom 5000 år.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or humans.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Holocene forest decline on the Tibetan Plateau - climate or human activity.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Holocene Climate Research - Progress, Paradigms, and Problems.
  • Show author(s) 2007. History, Evolution, and Future of Arctic and Alpine Flora.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Climate Change in the Holocene - an overview.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial - Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Alpines, trees, and refugia.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Vegetation and climate history at Svanåvatnet, Mo i Rana, Nordland.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Recent developments in radiocarbon-age calibration and age-depth modelling of Holocene stratigraphical sequences.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Recent developments in Holocene climate reconstructions based on pollen analysis.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Pollen – climate transfer functions.
  • Show author(s) 2006. New approaches to the interpretation of Holocene palaeoecological data.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Multi-proxy studies in Quaternary palaeoecology - origins, development and potential.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Holocene summer temperature variability in southern Norway - a palaeolimnological study based on chironimids, pollen, and geochemical data.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Holocene climate research - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Holocene climate reseach - progress, paradigms and problems.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Exploring the World of High Alpines.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Diatom responses to 20th century climate warming in lakes from the Northern Urals, Russia.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the last glacial - interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover and rates of change.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Biological responses to rapid climate change at the Last Glacial-Interglacial transition - dynamics, turnover, and rates of change.
  • Show author(s) 2006. An introduction of quantitative palaeoecology.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: the problem with spatial autocorrelation.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Patterns of change in Holocene climate records from Lyngen, Northern Norway.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Plant Distributional Data, Palaeoecology, and Climate Change.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Holocene mean July temperature and winter precipitation in western Norway inferred from lake sediment proxies.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Holocene 'Thermal Maximum' - the Pollen View.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Holosen vegetasjons- og klimahistorie fra Skibotn og Lyngen, Troms, vist ved pollen- og makrofossilanalyse.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms based on pollen and plant macrofossils.
  • Show author(s) 2003. All age-depth models are wrong: but which are useful?
  • Show author(s) 2002. Assessing the effects of within-lake variability of fossil assemblages on quantitative chironomid-inferred temperature reconstructions.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Past climate changes in the Norwegian Region during the glacial-Holocene transition, 14.000 - ca. 10.000 cal yr BP.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Holocene vegetation and climate history in Troms, northern Norway, based on pollen and plant macrofossils from lake sediments.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Development of benthic foraminiferal transfer functions along the north eastern Atlantic margin.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Past climates of the Norwegian region (NORPAST) - a new national research project.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Climate history as recorded by ecologically sensitive arctic and alpine lakes in Europe during the last 10,000 years: a multi-proxy approach (CHILL-10,000).
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) 2012. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer.
  • Show author(s) 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
  • Show author(s) 1988. The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future. Cambridge University Press.
Academic literature review
  • Show author(s) 2016. Does pollen-assemblage richness reflect floristic richness? A review of recent developments and future challenges. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 1-25.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews. 113-126.
  • Show author(s) 2011. The pace of Holocene vegetation change - testing for synchronous developments. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2805-2814.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Merging chironomid training sets: implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2793-2804.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Late-Quaternary palaeoclimatic research in Fennoscandia – A historical review. Boreas. 655-673.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Biodiversity baselines, thresholds and resilience: testing predictions and assumptions using palaeoecological data. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 583-591.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Northern Europe. Climate of the Past. 523-535.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Flora, vegetation and climate at Sokli, northeastern Fennoscandia, during the Weichselian Middle Pleniglacial. Boreas. 335-348.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Holocene moisture evolution in arid central Asia and its out-of-phase relationship with Asian monsoon history. Quaternary Science Reviews. 351-364.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 261-267.
  • Show author(s) 2006. What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. Science. 1261-1265.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Multi-proxy studies in palaeolimnology. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 235-251.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Holocene environmental history and climate of Råtåsjøen, a low-alpine lake in south-central Norway. Journal of Paleolimnology. 129-153.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Fifty years of Quaternary pollen analysis in Fennoscandia 1954-2004. Grana. 1-22.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Chironomids as a tool for inferring Holocene climate: an assessment based on six sites in southern Scandinavia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1429-1462.
  • Show author(s) 2005. A multi-proxy palaeoecological study of Alanen Laanijärvi, a boreal-forest lake in Swedish Lapland. Boreas. 192-206.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Benthonic foraminiferal distributions and quantitative transfer functions for the northwest European continental margin. Marine Micropaleontology. 197-226.
  • Show author(s) 2004. A modern pollen-climate calibration set from northern Europe: developing and testing a tool for palaeoclimatological reconstructions. Journal of Biogeography. 251-267.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

HOPE Humans on Planet Earth - long-term impacts on biosphere dynamics

IGNEX Interglacials and glacials - natural experiments in biodiversity dynamics

IGNEX-eco applying the ideas of IGNEX to restoration ecology, landscape management, and conservation

PollChem Pollen Chemistry as the Next Generation Tool in Palaeoecological Research - Theory, Methods and Applications

 

Qualifications and society memberships

BA (1966), PhD (1969), MA (1970), ScD (1981) University of Cambridge

Philosophiae Doctor Honoris Causa (1998) University of Lund

Foreign Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1987), The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2014), and the Royal Society of Edinburgh (2016)

Awards

Bicentenary Medal of the Linnean Society of London (1982)

Władysław Szafer Medal of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1986)

Fridtjof Nansen Prize, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (1998)

Rector's Medal, University of Helsinki (1998)

Fridtjof Nansen Medal, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (2003)

Honorary Fellow, Botanical Society of Scotland (2004)

President's Prize, Botanical Society of the British Isles (2005)

Honorary Fellow, University College London (2010)

Lifetime Acheivement Award and Medal, International Paleolimnology Association (2012)