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Justin E A Kroesen's picture

Justin E A Kroesen

Professor, Material Culture of Christianity
  • E-mailJustin.Kroesen@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 31 27
  • Visitor Address
    Villaveien 1a
    5007 Bergen
    Room 
    106
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7800
    5007 BERGEN

Research topics:

- Medieval and early modern church architecture

- Church furnishings & Christian imagery of the Middle Ages and the early modern period

- The Reformation and its impact in the arts

- The problems and chances of religious heritage  

Topics in teaching:

- Christian Cultural Heritage

- Liturgy and the Arts

- Iconography

- Cultural History of Christianity

- Religious heritage in the norhern Netherlands

- The Bible and the arts

- Religion and material culture 

In 2013 Kroesen was elected as University of Groningen Teacher of the Year

Selection of publications

(2016) Romanesque Cathedrals in Mediterranean Europe. Architecture, Ritual and Urban Context, Turnhout: Brepols, 320 pp. (ed. volume, with Gerardo Boto)

(2016) Ultimate Ambiguities. Investigating Death and Liminality, NewYork: Berghahn Books, 278 pp. (ed. volume, with Peter Berger)

(2015) ‘Accommodating Calvinism. The Appropriation of Medieval Church Interiors for Protestant Worship in the Netherlands after the Reformation’ (chapter in Protestantischer Kirchenbau der frühen Neuzeit in Europa. Grundlagen und neue Forschungskonzepte, ed. volume by Jan Harasimowicz, Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner)

(2014) Die mittelalterliche Sakramentsnische auf Gotland (Schweden). Kunst und Liturgie, Petersberg: Michael Imhof, 240 pp. (book, with Peter Tångeberg)

(2014) ‘The Altar and its Decorations in Medieval Churches. A Functionalist Approach’ (article in Medievalia. Revista d’Estudis Medievals 17)

(2014) ‘The longue duree of Romanesque Altar Decorations: Frontals, Canopies and Altar Sculptures’ (article, in Paint and Piety. Collected Essays on Medieval Painting and Polychrome Sculpture, ed. volume by Noelle Streeton and Kaja Kollandsrud, London: Archetype)

(2012) The Interior of the Medieval Village Church, Louvain etc.: Peeters Publishers, 392 pp. (book, with Regnerus Steensma, 1st ed. 2004)

(2011) Kirchen in Ostfriesland und ihre mittelalterliche Ausstattung, Petersberg: Michael Imhof, 272 pp.(book, with Regnerus Steensma)

(2011) Sacred Places in Modern Western Culture, Louvain etc.: Peeters Publishers, 355 pp. (ed. volume, with Paul Post and Arie Molendijk)

(2010) Myths, Martyrs, and Modernity. Studies in the History of Religions in Honour of Jan N. Bremmer, Leiden/Boston: Brill, LVI + 701 pp. (ed. volume, with Jitse Dijkstra and Yme Kuiper)

(2010) Seitenaltäre in mittelalterlichen Kirchen. Standort-Raum-Liturgie, Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, 160 pp. (book)

(2009) Staging the Liturgy. The Medieval Altarpiece in the Iberian Peninsula, Louvain etc.: Peeters Publishers, XIV + 607 pp. (book, expanded doctoral thesis)   

(2009) The Altar and its Environment, 1150-1400, Turnhout: Brepols, 314 pp. (ed. volume, with Victor Schmidt)

(2008) De Groninger cultuurschat. Kerken van 1000 tot 1800, Assen: Van Gorcum, 160 pp. (ed. volume, with Regnerus Steensma)

(2000) The Sepulchrum Domini through the Ages. Its Form and Function, Louvain etc.: Peeters Publishers, VIII + 230 pp. (book)

Academic article
  • Show author(s) 2018. The Survival of Medieval Furnishings in Lutheran Churches. Notes towards a Comparison between Germany and Scandinavia. ICO - Iconographisk Post. Nordisk tidskrift för bildtolkning. 4-39.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Encounter: The Kirkekunstsamling at the University Museum of Bergen. Gesta. 1-4.
  • Show author(s) 2017. “Die predicktemplen sol men reynigen van allen altaren”. The Stripping of the Altars in Friese kerken. Alde Fryske Tsjerken. 21-24.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Ein Spiel des Ver- und Enthüllens. Romanische und frühgotische Chorschranken in Deutschland und anderswo. Kleine Hefte zur Denkmalpflege. 195-205.
  • Show author(s) 2017. De storm doorstaan. Continuïteit en verandering in de protestantse inrichting van middeleeuwse kerken ten tijde van de Republiek. Nieuwe Tijdingen. Over vroegmoderne geschiedenis. 87-104.
  • Show author(s) 2017. De Bentheimer doopvon(ds)t van Meeden. Groninger kerken. 149-156.
  • Show author(s) 2014. How Europe Became Christian. Material Religion. 402-405.
Lecture
  • Show author(s) 2020. Norway-Catalonia: A Shared Artistic Heritage.
  • Show author(s) 2020. North & South – Exhibiting Medieval Art from Norway and Catalonia.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Presentación del libro Romanesque Cathedrals in Mediterranean Europe. Architecture, Ritual and Urban Context.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Piedad tangible. El mobiliario litúrgico medieval de las iglesias de Gotland.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) 2019. Utrecht tussen Noord en Zuid.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) 2020. North & South, and Europe.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Nord i Sud. Arte medieval y su mensaje europeo.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Turning Tides. Church Art and Religious Change around the North Sea (1400-1700).
  • Show author(s) 2019. The Bergen Kirkekunstsamling and the North Sea.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Tabernacle shrines (12th-14th centuries) as a European Phenomenon. Types, Spread and Survival.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Old Groningen Churches as 3D Archives.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Comparing North & South – Similarities and Differences.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Røldal stave church and the University Museum of Bergen.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Kirkens utsmykning og inventar i middelalderen.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Jerusalem in Brabant. Late Medieval Easter Sepulchers in the Low Countries and their References to the Holy City.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Iglesias y arte en las religiones reformadas.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Forms of Survival of Medieval Church Art in Lutheran Germany and Scandinavia.
  • Show author(s) 2018. De middeleeuwse kerk als vindplaats van Europa.
  • Show author(s) 2018. A House for a Lord. The Visual Impact of Gentlemen’s Pews in Early Protestant Church Interiors in the North of the Netherlands.
  • Show author(s) 2017. The Preserving Power of Lutheranism – A Pictorial Project.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Securing and Framing the Holy. Medieval Chancel Screens in East and West.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Relics of a Lost Unity. North Sea Connections in Medieval Church Art.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Nordic Splendour. Medieval Church Furnishings in Scandinavia.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Die gebrauchte Kirche. Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Architektur und Ausstattung des mittelalterlichen Kirchengebäudes.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Church bells as markers of the medieval liturgy.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Tangible Piety. Gotland's Unique Medieval Church Furnishings.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Persisting Patterns. Aspects of Continuity in Dutch Church Interiors Through the Calvinist Reformation.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Moving Retables. Chasubles als Visual Elements in the Medieval Church Interior.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Medieval Remains in Reformed Churches in Friesland and Groningen.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Ancient Memories. Romanesque Cathedrals around the Mediterranean and their References to Antiquity.
Other product
  • Show author(s) 2017. www.bergen1517.com.
Book review
  • Show author(s) 2020. Review of Uwe Albrecht (ed), Die Kirchen im Landesteil Schleswig, 2 vols [=Corpus der mittelalterlichen Holzskulptur und Tafelmalerei in Schleswig-Holstein 4], Kiel: Verlag Ludwig, 2019. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 237-240.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Review of Lena Liepe, A Case for the Middle Ages: The Public Display of Medieval Church Art in Sweden, 1847-1943 [=Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien Handlingar: Antikvariska Serien 55], Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2018. Speculum. 858-860.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Burkhard Kunkel, Die Kunst der lutherischen Kirchen im 16. Jahrhundert. Medien, Mitteldinge, Monumente – eine Geschichte der materiellen Kultur, Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag, 2020. Collegium Medievale. 281-285.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Review of: Stéphanie-Diane Daussy og Nicolas Reveyron (eds), L’église, lieu de performances. In Locis competentibus, Paris: Picard, 2016. Speculum. 519-520.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) 2020. The Saint Enshrined. European Tabernacle-Altarpieces, c. 1150-1400 . Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.
  • Show author(s) 2018. De protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Vijf eeuwen leven en werken. Noordboek.
  • Show author(s) 2017. From Conservation to Interpretation: Studies in Religious Art (c. 1100 – c. 1800) in Northern and Central Europe in Honour of Peter Tångeberg. Peeters Publishers.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Ultimate Ambiguities. Investigating Death and Liminality. Berghahn Books.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Romanesque Cathedrals in Mediterranean Europe. Architecture, Ritual, and Urban Context. Brepols.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Bach, het kerklied en het orgel. Studies uit de kerkelijke ‘achterhoek’ aangeboden aan dr. Jan R. Luth. KVOK / VGK.
Non-fiction book
  • Show author(s) 2019. Ode aan de oude Groninger kerken. Philip Elchers.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) 2020. “In een huisje met deuren”. Een Franse tabernakelschrijn in de collectie Helmantel’. Inspiratie. 58-64.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Relikvieskrinet fra Filefjell. Bergens Museums Årbok. 74-84.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Reinheid in afzondering. Het metaheerhuisje in Appingedam. Groninger kerken. 42-44.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Een protestant in katholieke kerken. Inspiratie. 38-39.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Middeleeuwse kerken tussen Noord en Zuid. Oud Utrecht. 156-161.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Tilbake til kirken – Et seminar i og om stavkirken i Røldal. Årbok for Universitetsmuseet i Bergen. 137-143.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Vroomheid in hout en steen. Een halve eeuw onderzoek naar historische kerken. Bulletin van de Stichting Bedehuizen Overijssel en Flevoland. 21-42.
Interview
  • Show author(s) 2020. Madonnaen som setter Norge på kartet.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Tårnjakt i Reformasjonsbyen.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Das Mittelalter liegt gleich nebenan. Der Niederländische Theologe und Kunsthistoriker Justin Kroesen spürt dem Mittelalter in protestantischen Kirchen nach.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) 2020. Tabernacle-Altarpieces: Variety within Unity. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Tabernacle Shrines (1180–1400) as a European Phenomenon: Types, Spread, Survival. 41 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. The Altar and its Equipment 1100-1350. Liturgy and art. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Survivors of a Shipwreck: The Fate of Altar Decorations (1100-1350) in Europe. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Restes d’un naufragi. La fortuna del mobiliari litúrgic dels segles XII-XIV a Europa. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Resten van een schipbreuk. Lotgevallen van altaardecoraties (1100-1350) in Europa. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. L’església i les arts a Europa 1100-1350. Unitat en la diversitat. 5 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. L’altar i el seu mobiliari 1100-1350. Litúrgia i art. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Kerkelijke kunst in Europa 1100-1350. Eenheid in verscheidenheid. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Het houten doksaal van Holwierde. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Het altaar en zijn uitrusting 1100-1350. Riteel en kunst. 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. European Church Art 1100-1350. Unity in Diversity. 5 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Dossers per a l’altar. Baldaquins i cimboris. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Altar canopies. Baldachins and ciboria. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Altaaroverhuivingen. Baldakijnen en ciboria. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 33 Two Ferocious Aquamaniles. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 33 Twee vervaarlijke aquamaniles. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 33 Dos aiguamans ferotges. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 28 Una arqueta catalana per a usos sagrats. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 28 Een Catalaans kistje met heilige inhoud. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 28 A Catalan Casket for Sacred Storage. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 24 Un crucifix del gòtic primerenc. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 24 Een vroeggotisch kruisbeeld. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 24 An Early-Gothic Crucifix. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 22 The Crucified King. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 22 El rei crucificat. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 22 De gekruisigde koning. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 12 Una església en miniatura. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 12 Een miniatuurkerk. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 12 A Miniature Church. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 11 Influències angleses a Noruega? 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 11 English Influence in Norway? 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 11 Engelse invloed in Noorwegen? 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 10 The Diva from the Sognefjord. 3 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 10 La reina del Sognefiord. 3 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2019. 10 De diva van de Sognefjord. 3 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Vijfhonderd jaar protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Karakterschets van een verdwijnend instituut. 16 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Retabel und Raum – Bedingungen und Formenvielfalt. 16 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Mittelalterliche Kirchenausstattung in niederländischen Hansestädten und ihre Bezüge nach Osten, Westen und Süden. 14 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Der Doberaner Sakramentsturm und die Sakramentsnischen und -häuschen im südlichen Ostseeraum. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2017. The Preserving Power of Calvinism: Pre-Reformation Chancel Screens in the Netherlands. 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Retabel und Tabernakelschrein. Auf Spurensuche nach einer niederländischen Sonderkonfiguration in der spätmittelalterlichen Altarausstattung. 42 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Mellom Bergen og Bergamo. Lutherdommens bevarende makt. 27 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Romanesque Cathedrals in Mediterranean Europe: Balance and Perspectives. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Persisting Patterns. Aspects of Continuity in Dutch Church Interiors through the Calvinist Reformation. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Middeleeuwse orgels in dorpskerken. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Between Death and Judgment: Sleep as the Image of Death in Early Modern Protestantism. 19 pages.
Popular scientific book
  • Show author(s) 2019. Museum Helmantel: schoonheid en traditie. Art Revisited.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Soviet Spheres. Past Present in Belarus, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. Mauritsheech Publishers.
  • Show author(s) 2018. De Friese Elfkerkentocht/The Frisian Eleven Churches Tour/Die friesische Elfkirchentour. Wijdemeer uitgeverij.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Kerkinterieurs in Nederland. WBooks.
Academic literature review
  • Show author(s) 2019. Review of: Martin Wangsgaard Jürgensen, Ritual and Art across the Danish Reformation. Changing Interiors of Village Churches, 1450-1600, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018. Codex Aquilarensis. 325-328.
Exhibition catalogue
  • Show author(s) 2019. North & South. Middeleeuwse kunst uit Noorwegen en Catalonië 1100-1350.
  • Show author(s) 2019. North & South. Medieval Art from Norway and Catalonia, 1100-1350.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Nord & Sud. Art medieval de Noruega i Catalunya, 1100-1350.
Popular scientific chapter/article
  • Show author(s) 2016. Veenhuizen, Koepelkerk. Een kerk voor een betere toekomst. 240-241.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Van romaans tot refodome. 100 jaar Nederlandse kerkinterieurs. 16-37.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Ter Apel, kloosterkerk. Een middeleeuws interieurensemble van Europese allure. 86-89.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Noordwolde, dorpskerk. Een adellijke ereloge voor preek en avondmaal. 168-169.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Midwolde, dorpskerk. Een barokke eretempel voor de adel. 154-157.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Middelstum, Sint-Hippolytuskerk. Een kerk voor ridders en edelen. 212-215.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Krewerd, dorpskerk. Echo van het Ommelander kloosterleven. 58-61.
Brochure
  • Show author(s) 2020. The Church Art Collection / Kirkekunstsamlingen.
Website (informational material)
  • Show author(s) 2017. "Bergen 1517. Welcome to Bergen - Norway's Reformation City!" Luther-jubileet i Bergen 2017. Bjørgvin Bispedømme og Universitetet i Bergen. https://bergen1517.com.
Chapter
  • Show author(s) 2019. Terug naar de kerk. Voorwerpen uit middeleeuwse kerken in de collectie Helmantel. 112-141. In:
    • Show author(s) 2019. Museum Helmantel: schoonheid en traditie. Art Revisited.
  • Show author(s) 2018. “Toen de deur openging, waren we verkocht”. Interview met Franke en Carola Koksma, Leens. 239-241. In:
    • Show author(s) 2018. De protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Vijf eeuwen leven en werken. Noordboek.
  • Show author(s) 2018. “Ons huis is nog steeds een echte pastorie”. Interview met Mieke van ’t Hoog, Thesinge. 83-86. In:
    • Show author(s) 2018. De protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Vijf eeuwen leven en werken. Noordboek.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Onder één dak. Van pastorie tot erfgoedlogies in Kiel-Windeweer. 137-139. In:
    • Show author(s) 2018. De protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Vijf eeuwen leven en werken. Noordboek.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Een broedplaats van boeken. Interview met Rienk Klooster, Jorwert. 189-191. In:
    • Show author(s) 2018. De protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Vijf eeuwen leven en werken. Noordboek.
  • Show author(s) 2018. De pastorie als projectiescherm. Interview met Kaj van der Plas, Eelde-Paterswolde. 214-216. In:
    • Show author(s) 2018. De protestantse pastorie in Noord-Nederland. Vijf eeuwen leven en werken. Noordboek.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

- Analyzing the medieval church art collection of the University Museum of Bergen 

- The 'tabernacle shrine' as medieval altar decoration

- Medieval furnishings in Lutheran churches in Germany and the reasons for their survival

 

Website www.protestantsecultuurschatten.nl on religious heritage of the Protestant Church in the Netherlands

Cooperation with the Cultural Heritage Agency (Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed) and Museum Catharijneconvent on the preservation of historic church interiors in the Netherlands 

Cooperation with Stichting Oude Groninger Kerken and Stichting Alde Fryske Tsjerken on religious heritage in the northern Netherlands