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Knut Fylkesnes's picture

Knut Fylkesnes

Professor, Emeritus, Centre for Intenrational Health
  • E-mailKnut.Fylkesnes@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 85 76+47 915 35 360
  • Visitor Address
    Åverlege Danielsens Hus, Årstav. 21
    5020 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7804
    5020 Bergen
Academic article
  • 2019. Contrasting HIV prevalence trends among young women and men in Zambia in the past 12 years: data from demographic and health surveys 2002–2014. BMC Infectious Diseases. 1-9.
  • 2016. Sex differences in HIV prevalence persist over time: Evidence from 18 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLOS ONE.
  • 2016. Rural-urban inequity in unmet obstetric needs and functionality of emergency obstetric care services in a Zambian district. PLOS ONE.
  • 2016. Lifetime risk of pregnancy-related death among Zambian women: district-level estimates from the 2010 census. Journal of Population Research. 263-281.
  • 2016. Effectiveness of a girls’ empowerment programme on early childbearing, marriage and school dropout among adolescent girls in rural Zambia: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial. Trials. 15 pages.
  • 2016. Accuracy in HIV rapid testing among laboratory and non-laboratory personnel in Zambia: Observations from the national HIV proficiency testing system. PLOS ONE.
  • 2015. Task-shifting and quality of HIV testing services: Experiences from a national reference hospital in Zambia. PLOS ONE. 1-15.
  • 2015. Rural-urban differentials in pregnancy-related mortality in Zambia: Estimates using data collected in a census. Population Health Metrics.
  • 2015. Impact of Pregnancy-Related Deaths on Female Life Expectancy in Zambia: Application of Life Table Techniques to Census Data. PLOS ONE.
  • 2014. ‘Born before arrival’: user and provider perspectives on health facility childbirths in Kapiri Mposhi district, Zambia. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.
  • 2014. Factors associated with health facility childbirth in districts of Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia: A population based survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.
  • 2013. The seven Cs of the high acceptability of home-based VCT: Results from a mixed methods approach in Zambia. Social Science and Medicine. 210-219.
  • 2013. Strong effects of home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing on acceptance and equity: A cluster randomised trial in Zambia. Social Science and Medicine. 9-16.
  • 2013. Effects of home-based Voluntary Counselling and Testing on HIV-related stigma: Findings from a cluster-randomized trial in Zambia. Social Science and Medicine. 18-25.
  • 2013. Decline in sexual risk behaviours among young people in Zambia (2000-2009): Do neighbourhood contextual effects play a role? PLOS ONE. 15 pages.
  • 2013. Case-finding for Mental Distress in Primary Health Care: an evaluation of the performance of a five-item screening instrument. Health. 627-636.
  • 2012. The burden of knowing: balancing benefits and barriers in HIV testing decisions. a qualitative study from Zambia. BMC Health Services Research. 11 pages.
  • 2012. Targeting condom distribution at high risk places increases condom utilization. Evidence from an intervention study in Livingstone, Zambia. BMC Public Health. 12 pages.
  • 2012. Risk factors, healthcare-seeking and sexual behaviour among patients with genital ulcers in Zambia. BMC Public Health.
  • 2012. Persisting stigma reduces the utilisation of HIV-related care and support services in Viet Nam. BMC Health Services Research.
  • 2012. Health status and socio-economic factors associated with health facility utilization in rural and urban areas in Zambia. BMC Health Services Research. 389.
  • 2012. Factors affecting voluntary HIV counselling and testing among men in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health.
  • 2012. Declining syphilis trends in concurrence with HIV declines among pregnant women in Zambia: observations over fourteen years of national surveillance. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 173-181.
  • 2012. Decline in HIV Prevalence among Young Women in Zambia: National-Level Estimates of Trends Mask Geographical and Socio-Demographic Differences. PLOS ONE.
  • 2011. Practicing provider-initiated HIV testing in high prevalence settings: consent concerns and missed preventive opportunities. BMC Health Services Research. 14 pages.
  • 2011. Conceptual models for Mental Distress among HIV-infected and uninfected individuals: A contribution to clinical practice and research in primary-health-care centers in Zambia. BMC Health Services Research. 12 pages.
  • 2010. Prevalence and correlates of concurrent sexual partnerships in Zambia. Aids and Behavior. 59-71.
  • 2010. Home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing found highly acceptable and to reduce inequalities. BMC Public Health. 7 pages.
  • 2010. Comparative validity of screening instruments for mental distress in Zambia. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health. 4-15.
  • 2009. The context of HIV risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users in Viet Nam: Moving toward effective harm reduction. BMC Public Health.
  • 2009. Mental distress in the general population in Zambia: Impact of HIV and social factors. BMC Public Health. 11 pages.
  • 2009. HIV risk behaviours and determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam. Aids and Behavior. 1151-1159.
  • 2009. Effects of neighbourhood-level educational attainment on HIV prevalence among young women in Zambia. BMC Public Health. 11 pages.
  • 2009. Distribution of HIV in Cambodia: findings from the first national population survey. AIDS (London). 1389-1395.
  • 2009. Accountable priority setting for trust in health systems - the need for research into a new approach for strengthening sustainable health action in developing countries. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2-11.
  • 2009. A critical assessment of the WHO responsiveness tool: lessons from voluntary HIV testing and counselling services in Kenya. BMC Health Services Research.
  • 2008. The impact of HIV infection on adult mortality in some communities in Zambia: a cohort study. Tropical medicine & international health. 152-161.
  • 2008. Sustained high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Cambodia: high turnover seriously challenges the 100% condom use programme. BMC Infectious Diseases.
  • 2008. Lost opportunities in HIV prevention: programmes miss places where exposures are highest. BMC Public Health.
  • 2008. HIV-1, HSV-2 and syphilis among pregnant women in a rural area of Tanzania: Prevalence and risk factors. BMC Infectious Diseases. 8 pages.
  • 2008. HIV risk behavior and work in Uganda: A cross-sectional study. East African Journal of Public Health. 43-48.
  • 2008. Community action for preventing HIV in Cambodia: evaluation of a 3-year project. Health Policy and Planning. 277-287.
  • 2008. Changes in STI services following a community based STI-intervention project in Cambodia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 867-875.
  • 2008. Antenatal clinic HIV data found to underestimate actual prevalence declines: evidence from Zambia. Tropical medicine & international health. 171-179.
  • 2007. Impact of a community sexually transmitted infection/HIV intervention project on female sex workers in five border provinces of Vietnam. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 376-382.
  • 2007. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection patterns and risk behaviours in different population groups and provinces in Viet Nam. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 35-41.
  • 2007. High potential of escalating HIV transmission in a low prevalence setting in rural Tanzania. BMC Public Health.
  • 2007. Factors associated with uptake of home delivered VCT; findings from a population based survey in Zambia. The Medical Journal of Zambia. 18-24.
  • 2007. Constraints to educational opportunities of orphans: A community-based study from northern Uganda. AIDS Care. 361-368.
  • 2007. Associations between sexual behaviour change among young people and decline in HIV prevalence in Zambia. BMC Public Health.
  • 2006. The silent HIV epidemic among pregnant women within rural Northern Tanzania. BMC Public Health.
  • 2006. Steep HIV prevalence declines among young people in selected Zambian communities: population-based observations (1995–2003). BMC Public Health. 12 pages.
  • 2006. Reducing uncertainties in global HIV prevalence estimates: the case of Zambia. BMC Public Health.
  • 2006. Marked HIV prevalence declines in higher educated young people: evidence from population-based surveys (1995-2003) in Zambia. AIDS (London). 1031-1038.
  • 2006. HIV-related risk behaviors in Cambodia and effects of mobility. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 81-86.
  • 2006. Antenatal clinic-based HIV prevalence in Zambia: Declining trends but sharp local contrasts in young women. Tropical medicine & international health. 917-928.
  • 2005. The Finnmark Intervention Study: do community-based intervention programmes threaten self-rated health and well-being? Experiences from Batsfjord, a fishing village in North Norway. European Journal of Public Health. 91-96.
  • 2005. Intervention studies for improving global health and health care: an important arena for epidemiologists. Norsk Epidemiologi. 123-126.
  • 2005. Impact of HIV infection on self-rated health in a high-prevalence population with low awareness of own HIV status. Norsk Epidemiologi. 165-173.
  • 2004. A randomized trial on acceptability of voluntary HIV counselling and testing. Tropical medicine & international health. 566-572.
  • 2003. Informed consent as part and parcel of the scientific inquiry. The Lancet. 2171-2172.
  • 2003. Estimating HIV prevalence among the general female population by adjusting antenatal clinic data in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS (London). 399-405.
  • 2003. Changes in restorative caries treatment in 15-year-olds in Oslo, Norway, 1979-1996. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 246-251.
  • 2001. Declining HIV prevalence and risk behaviours in Zambia: evidence from surveillance and population-based surveys. AIDS (London). 907-916.
  • 1998. Studying dynamics of the HIV epidemic: population-based data compared with sentinel surveillance in Zambia. AIDS (London). 1227-1234.
  • 1997. The HIV epidemic in Zambia: Socio-demographic prevalence patterns and indications of trends among childbearing women. AIDS (London). 339-345.
  • 1995. The Finnmark Intervention Study. Design, methods and effects of a 2 year community-based intervention. European Journal of Public Health. 269-276.
  • 1992. Factors affecting patient-initiated and physician-initiated use of health care services. Sociology of Health and Illness. 275-292.
  • 1992. Determinants and dimensions involved in self-evaluation of health. Social science & medicine. 271-279.
  • 1991. The Tromsø Study: Predictors of self-evaluated health - has society adopted the expanded Health concept? Social science & medicine. 141-146.
  • 1988. Developing alternative systems of oral health care delivery. The Botswana case: Practising an integrated primary health care approach. African Dental Journal. 8-14.
Report
  • 2015. Achievements in research and training within the collaborative north-south partnership: Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Zambia with University of Bergen, Norway. .
  • 2005. Evaluation of the project "Community Action for preventing HIV/AIDS" in 5 provinces in Vietnam. .
  • 2005. Community Action for preventing HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, Laos, vietnam: A Summary of the Project Implementation and Results. .
  • 2003. Baseline surveys & assessments for monitoring and evaluation for Vietnam. .
  • 2003. Baseline surveys & assessments for monitoring and evaluation for Laos. .
  • 2003. Baseline surveys & assessments for monitoring and evaluation for Cambodia. .
Lecture
  • 2015. Akademisk partnarskap.
Popular scientific lecture
  • 2014. Global dynamics, trends and impact of HIV/AIDS epidemics.
  • 2012. New alliance for joint efforts from European Universities on Global Health.
  • 2012. Key challenges in global governance for health.
  • 2009. Den globale HIV/AIDS pandemien: utviklingstrekk og førebyggande utfordringar på tvers.
  • 2005. Improving acceptability of voluntary HIV counselling and testing in Zambia.
  • 2005. HIV-related trends and intervention challenges in Zambia.
  • 2005. Differentials in fertility among HIV-positive and HIV-negative women: evidence from population based surveys in Zambia.
  • 2004. HIV epidemien i eit globalt perspektiv.
  • 2004. Den globale kampen mot HIV: kva verker.
Academic lecture
  • 2014. North-South academic partnership models (research and capacity building): value basis, experiences & challenges.
  • 2010. From institutional capacity building to policy impact.
  • 2009. The role of social mobilisation in a trial in Zambia.
  • 2009. REACT Baseline Survey: Overview of analytical approaches, preliminary analyses and findings.
  • 2009. HIV epidemiane i eit globalt perspektiv – og utfordringane.
  • 2009. HIV counselling and testing services in Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia: marked inequalities and effects of stigma.
  • 2009. Effects of local contexts on HIV transmission in high prevalence populations: changes over time in the effect of community-level educational attainment on transmission.
  • 2008. Innovative approaches identifying and testing new HIV preventive interventions for scaling up in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • 2007. Validating HIV prevalence trends in sub-Saharan Africa: actual declines considerably underestimated.
  • 2007. Respondent Driven Sampling: principles and application.
  • 2007. Globale HIV prevalence trendar.
  • 2007. Ethical challenges in HIV epidemiological surveillance.
  • 2006. Validation of ANC-based HIV surveillance.
  • 2006. Updates on dynamics and trends of HIV in Zambia.
  • 2006. Lessons learned in HIV prevention in Zambia.
  • 2006. HIV surveillance among sex workers and injecting drug users: methodological challenges in Libya.
  • 2005. Validity of HIV transmission estimates in sub-Saharan Africa: magnitude and direction of biases.
  • 2005. Evaluation of the project "Community Action for preventing HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam": Changes in HIV transmission and behaviours.
  • 2005. Death hazards for adults infected with HIV by different backgrounds in selected communities of Zambia.
  • 2005. Community Action for preventing HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam: Aproaches and methods in evaluation.
  • 2005. Antenatal clinic HIV data might underestimate actual prevalence declines in young people: evidence urban Zambia.
  • 2004. Using epidemiological observations to identify high priority research.
  • 2004. Framework for monitoring and evaluation of HIV programmes.
  • 2003. The Community Action for prevention of HIV/AIDS project in Vietnam: baseline survey results and their implications.
  • 2003. The Community Action for prevention of HIV/AIDS project in Laos: baseline survey results and suggestions for major indicators for monitoritng and evaluation.
  • 2003. The Community Action for prevention of HIV/AIDS project in Cambodia: results from baseline surveys and their use to guide action and to develop core indicators.
  • 2003. Norsk nettwerk for den globale vaksinealliansen.
  • 2003. HIV epidemiologi og HIV i utviklingsland.
  • 2003. HIV epidemics in Zambia: measuring dynamics and trends.
  • 2003. Differential trends in HIV prevalence in Zambia and their possible explanations.
  • 2003. Det globale vaksineinitiativet.
  • 2003. Biases in population-based HIV surveys.
Editorial
  • 2006. Five myths about the HIV epidemic in Asia. PLoS Medicine. 1703-1707.
Short communication
  • 2000. Consent for HIV counselling and testing. The Lancet. s43-s43.
Masters thesis
  • 2011. The epidemiological context of HIV in Botswana with focus on young people: A secondary analysis of a national population-based survey.
  • 2010. Factors Associated with Utilization of Voluntary HIV Counselling and Testing among Men (aged 15-59 years) in Ethiopia.
  • 2008. Determinants of self-perceived risk of HIV infection: population-based observations in Zambia.
  • 2007. Mental Distress and the Impact of HIV: Data from a Population-Based Survey in Zambia.
  • 2007. Determinants of Health Care Seeking and Hospitalization in Zambia: Data from a Population-Based Survey.
  • 2006. The impact of HIV on fertility: Evidence from population based surveys conducted in Zambia.
  • 2006. Cost- effectiveness of a 100% condom use programme to prevent HIV infection for female sex workers in An Giang, Vietnam.
  • 2006. Acceptability of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) in Zambia.
  • 2006. ACCEPTABILITY OF VAGINAL MICROBICIDES AMONG MEN LIVING ON THE NAKAMBALA SUGAR ESTATE IN ZAMBIA.
  • 2005. Outcome and impact of an HIV preventive project in An Giang province, Vietnam.
  • 2005. Improving the effectiveness of HIV prevention among young people. A study on factors affecting differential HIV transmission trends in two selected sites in Zambia.
  • 2004. Syphilis trends and relationship with changes in HIV prevalence among antenatal clinic attendees in Zambia.
  • 2004. Factors associated with HIV risk behaviour among employees of Kakira sugar works in Jinja district, Uganda.
Feature article
  • 2013. Ei Afrikansk suksesshistorie. Bergens Tidende.
  • 2011. Lokal kompetanse naudsynt for å førebyggje hiv. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. 1910-1912.
Doctoral dissertation
  • 2016. Quality of HIV testing services in Zambia in the era of rapid task-shifting. A mixed method investigation on test accuracy and experiences of providers.
  • 2015. Maternal Health care services in Zambia: Access barriers to facility childbirth and unmet obstetric need.
  • 2014. People living With HIV in Viet Nam: individual and contextual factors affecting risk taking, health and help seeking behaviour.
  • 2009. Epidemiological contexts of the HIV epidemic in Cambodia: Changes over time and links to preventive interventions.
  • 2007. Trends and determinants of HIV prevalence in Zambia: Evidence from surveys in selected communities.
  • 1991. Factors affecting self-evaluated general Health status - and the use of Professional Health care.
Interview
  • 2011. Vil ha slutt på akademisk apartheid.
  • 2008. Uerfarne prostituerte får mest kjønnssykdommer.
  • 2005. Lavere HIV smitte i Afrika.
  • 2005. Langt færre HIV-smitta enn anteke.
  • 2005. HIV på retur.
  • 2005. Afrikas HIV-tall nedjusteres.
Documentary
  • 2008. Paradoksale feilprioriteringar innan bistand til HIV/AIDS.
  • 2008. Ein afrikansk tragedie.
  • 2004. Mangelfull kunnskap om HIV.
Abstract
  • 2013. Born before arrival: user and provider perspectives on home deliveries and barriers to health facility childbirth in Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia. Tropical medicine & international health. 186-186.
  • 2011. Syphilis trends in Zambia: a 14-year observation. Tropical medicine & international health. 63-63.
  • 2011. Reduction in HIV-related stigma: findings from a cluster-randomized trial in Zambia. Tropical medicine & international health. 158-159.
  • 2011. Home-based voluntary HIV counseling and testing yields very high uptake compared to clinic-based: results from a cluster-randomized trial in Zambia. Tropical medicine & international health. 158-158.
  • 2011. Convincing HIV prevalence declines in Zambia among young people (15-24 years): analysis and review of different data sources. Tropical medicine & international health. 272-273.
Poster
  • 2019. Socioeconomic factors associated with HIV Prevalence among young people in Zambia .
  • 2017. Increasing HIV prevalence among young men but not among young women in Zambia in the past 12 years, Data from Demographic and Health Surveys .
  • 2017. High participation in cluster randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of a girls’ empowerment programme in rural Zambia .
  • 2012. Declines in Sexual Risk Behaviours among Young People in Zambia (2000 – 2009): Do Neighbourhood Contextual Effects Play a Role?
  • 2011. Targeting condom distribution at high risk places increases condom utilization. Evidence from an intervention study in Livingstone, Zambia.
  • 2010. “I will also tell my mother”: Clients’, lay and professional counsellors’ perspectives on consent procedures for HIV testing in Zambia.
  • 2010. Assessing Influences of ITN Availability on Trust in Malaria Prevention in Zambia.
  • 2009. Inreasing acceptability of participation in HIV research: the role of social mobilization in a trial in Zambia.
  • 2009. Care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam: the impact of stigma and discrimination.
  • 2008. Inequities in use of HIV-testing: a serious challenge towards universal access - the REACT study in Zambia.
  • 2008. Effects of community-level educational attainment on HIV prevalence among young women in Zambia.
  • 2008. Chipimo P, Fylkesnes K. Mental distress and the impact of HIV: data from a population-based survey in Zambia.
  • 2008. Assessment of the WHO responsiveness tool: lessons from voluntary testing and counselling for HIV in Kenya.
  • 2006. The impact of HIV on fertility in Zambia.
  • 2006. Sharp HIV prevalence declines among young people: population-based observations in Zambia (1995-2003).
  • 2006. Sharp HIV declines substantially understated in antenatal clinic surveillance data: observations from Zambia.
  • 2006. Estimates of adult mortality from Censuses data in Zambia in the era of HIV.
  • 2006. Changes in behaviour among young people associated with HIV prevalence decline in Zambia.
  • 2006. Acceptability of voluntary HIV counselling and testing in Zambia.
  • 2006. Acceptability of vaginal microbisides among men.
  • 2004. Validating the accuracy of adult mortality estimates from census child survival data in populations with high HIV prevalence.
  • 2004. The influence of location of voluntary HIV counselling and testing on acceptability.
  • 2004. Syphilis trends and relationship with changes in HIV prevalence: evidence from antenatal clinic-based surveillance in Zambia 1994-2002.
  • 2004. Reducing uncertainties in HIV prevalence estimates: the case of Zambia.
  • 2004. Impact of HIV infection on self-rated health in a high-prevalence population and low awareness of own HIV status.
  • 2004. HIV-related risk behaviours in Cambodia: levels and distributions across sub-population groups and effects of mobility.
  • 2004. HIV infection patterns and risk behaviours in different population groups and provinces in Vietnam: close links between drug injection related and heterosexual epidemics.
  • 2004. Differential trends in HIV prevalence by educational attainment: evidence from population based surveys in Zambia.
  • 2002. Adjusting HIV surveillance data from antenatal clinics to better estimate HIV prevalence among general female population in sub-Saharan Africa.
Chapter
  • 2014. Home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing rooted in a community-oriented strategy in low-resource settings. 223-242. In:
    • 2014. Community-Oriented Health Services. Practices Across Disciplines. Springer Publishing company.
  • 2013. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Co-Morbid Mental Distress. . In:
    • 2013. Current Perspectives in HIV Infection. IntechOpen.
Interview Journal
  • 2007. Mindre hiv i Zambia. Hubro. Magasin for Universitetet i Bergen. 5-5.

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