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Arctic Ocean Modelling 

Barents Sea; Atlantisk Inflow, surface fluxes and sea ice cover

Sea Ice formation in fjords on Svalbard

Water masses of the Southern Ocean and the Weddell Sea, circulation and deep water formation

Melting of ice shelves, circulation in sub-ice cavities, Fimbul and Filchner-Ronne ice shelves

Incorporation of sedimentents into sea ice

Frazil ice crystals, grease ice, pancake ice - freezing processes under high turbulence

Academic article
  • 2020. Warm Atlantic Water explains observed sea ice melt rates north of Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans.
  • 2020. Reduced efficiency of the Barents Sea cooling machine. Nature Climate Change. 661-666.
  • 2019. Winter storms accelerate the demise of sea ice in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean. Scientific Reports. 1-16.
  • 2019. The Role of Atlantic Heat Transport in Future Arctic Winter Sea Ice Loss . Journal of Climate. 3327-3341.
  • 2019. The European Climate Research Alliance (ECRA): Collaboration from bottom-up. Advances in Geosciences. 1-10.
  • 2019. Impact of ocean and sea ice initialisation on seasonal prediction skill in the Arctic. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 4147-4166.
  • 2019. Fram Strait sea ice export affected by thinning: comparing high-resolution simulations and observations. Climate Dynamics. 3257-3270.
  • 2019. Arctic Ocean response to Greenland Sea wind anomalies in a suite of model simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 6286-6322.
  • 2018. Seasonal and regional manifestation of Arctic sea ice loss. Journal of Climate. 4917-4932.
  • 2018. Atlantic Water Heat Transport Variability in the 20th Century Arctic Ocean From a Global Ocean Model and Observations. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 8159-8179.
  • 2017. Winter to summer oceanographic observations in the Arctic Ocean north of Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 6218-6237.
  • 2017. Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ic. Scientific Reports. 1-9.
  • 2017. Fram Strait sea ice export variability and September Arctic sea ice extent over the last 80 years. The Cryosphere. 65-79.
  • 2016. Recent summer sea ice thickness surveys in Fram Strait and associated ice volume fluxes. The Cryosphere. 523-534.
  • 2016. Consequences of future increased arctic runoff on Arctic Ocean stratification, circulation, and sea ice cover. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 617-637.
  • 2016. Arctic research on thin ice: Consequences of Arctic sea ice loss. EOS. 22-26.
  • 2016. Arctic Ocean heat impact on regional ice decay – a suggested positive feedback. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 1437-1456.
  • 2015. Skillful prediction of Barents Sea ice cover. Geophysical Research Letters. 5364-5371.
  • 2015. Response of Arctic Ocean stratification to changing river runoff in a column model. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 2655-2675.
  • 2015. Grease ice in basin-scale sea-ice ocean models. Annals of Glaciology. 295-306.
  • 2014. Uncertainties in Arctic sea ice thickness and volume: new estimates and implications for trends. The Cryosphere. 705-720.
  • 2014. Loss of sea ice during winter north of Svalbard. Tellus. Series A, Dynamic meteorology and oceanography.
  • 2014. Eddy-resolving simulations of the Fimbul Ice Shelf cavity circulation: Basal melting and exchange with open ocean. Ocean Modelling. 28-44.
  • 2013. Creation and tidal advection of a cold salinity front in Storfjorden: 2. Supercooling induced by turbulent mixing of cold water. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 3737-3751.
  • 2013. Creation and tidal advection of a cold salinity front in Storfjorden: 1. Polynya dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 3278-3291.
  • 2013. Arctic sea ice decline and ice export in the CMIP5 historical simulations. Ocean Modelling. 114-126.
  • 2012. Two years of oceanic observations below the Fimbul Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters. 6 pages.
  • 2012. Quantifying the influence of Atlantic heat on Barents Sea ice variability and retreat. Journal of Climate. 4736-4743.
  • 2011. Sea-ice thickness variability in Storfjorden, Svalbard. Annals of Glaciology. 61-68.
  • 2011. Recent wind driven high sea ice area export in the Fram Strait contributes to Arctic sea ice decline. The Cryosphere. 821-829.
  • 2011. Grease-ice thickness parameterization. Annals of Glaciology. 77-82.
  • 2011. Eddy overturning of the Antarctic Slope Front controls glacial melting in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 17 pages.
  • 2011. Early Holocene temperature variability in the Nordic Seas: The role of oceanic heat advection versus changes in orbital forcing. Paleoceanography.
  • 2011. Dense water formation and circulation in the Barents Sea. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 801-817.
  • 2010. Structure and forcing of the overflow at the Storfjorden sill and its connection to the Arctic coastal polynya in Storfjorden. Ocean Science. 401-411.
  • 2010. Heat in the Barents Sea: transport, storage, and surface fluxes. Ocean Science. 219-234.
  • 2010. A consistent data set of Antarctic ice sheet topography, cavity geometry, and global bathymetry. Earth System Dynamics Discussions.
  • 2009. Supercooled water in an Arctic polynya: observations and modeling. Journal of Glaciology. 43-52.
  • 2009. Structure and variability of the Filchner overflow plume. Tellus. Series A, Dynamic meteorology and oceanography. 446-464.
  • 2009. Barents Sea heat – transport, storage and surface fluxes. Ocean Science Discussions (OSD). 1437-1475.
  • 2008. Recent and future changes of the Arctic sea-ice cover. Geophysical Research Letters.
  • 2008. Observations of hydrography and downflow of brine-enriched shelf water in the Storfjorden polynya, Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Oceans. 1-13.
  • 2006. Modeling ocean processes below Fimbulisen, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR). 13 pages.
  • 2006. Fine-scale sea-ice modelling of the Storfjorden polynya, Svalbard. Annals of Glaciology. 73-79.
  • 2006. Field measurements of Arctic grease ice properties and processes. Cold Regions Science and Technology. 171-183.
  • 2005. Warming of the deep water in the Weddel Sea along the Greenwich meridian: 1977-2001. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 241-258.
  • 2004. Frazil Ice Formation in an Ice Shelf Water Plume. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR).
  • 2004. Formation of turbid ice during autumn freeze-up in the Kara Sea. Polar Research. 267-286.
  • 2003. Sea ice formation on a very cold surface. Geophysical Research Letters.
  • 2003. Formation of turbid ice during autumn freeze up in the Kara Sea. Polar Research. 267-286.
  • 2002. A model for entrainment of sediment into sea ice by aggregation between frazil-ice crystals and sediment grains. Journal of Glaciology. 51-61.
  • 2001. Frazil-ice entrainment of sediment: large tank laboratory experiments. Journal of Glaciology. 461-471.
  • 1999. Multidisciplinary Ice Tank Study Shedding New Light on Sea Ice Growth Processes. EOS. 507-513.
  • 1998. Estimating aggregation between suspended sediments and frazil ice. Geophysical Research Letters. 3875-3878.
  • 1998. Estimating aggregation between suspended sediments and frazil ice. Geophysical Research Letters. 3875-3878.
Lecture
  • 2016. On the ocean’s role for high latitude climate change in the Arctic-Atlantic sector.
Popular scientific lecture
  • 2009. Verdens minste forskningsfartøy?
  • 2009. Transport, klimakonsekvenser og utfordringer.Kick the CO2 Habit.
  • 2009. Tilataksplan ytre miljø og miljøledelse. Klimautfordringer og konsekvenser.
  • 1997. Studie av sjøisrelaterte prosesser i en istank.
  • 1997. Hydrographic measurements in the HSVA Ice tank.
  • 1997. Frazil Ice and incorporation of sediments in the Arctic.
Academic lecture
  • 2019. The Barents Sea cooler in a warming ocean.
  • 2019. Role of winter storms on the evolution of sea ice in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic.
  • 2019. Long-duration Autonomy for Open Ocean Exploration.
  • 2019. How Atlantic heat makes Arctic sea ice retreat.
  • 2018. Sea Ice Variability and Predictability in the Nansen Basin .
  • 2018. Sea Ice Variability and Predictability in the Nansen Basin.
  • 2018. How winter sea ice change comes to the Arctic through the gateway of the Barents Sea – present and future.
  • 2018. Atlantic water heat transport variability in the 20th century Arctic Ocean.
  • 2018. Arctic sea ice loss – causes and consequences.
  • 2018. A simple physical model of the Atlantic inflow in the Nansen Basin.
  • 2017. Dynamics of open-ocean polynyas in the Weddell Sea.
  • 2016. Turbulence and heat flux observations in the Arctic north of Svalbard.
  • 2013. Arctic Climate Change: Local impacts of global significance.
  • 2012. Wokshop on impacts on Europe of crossing climate tipping points, Arctic Sea Ice melting.
  • 2012. The role of the Barents Sea in the climate system.
  • 2012. Quantifying the influence of Atlantic heat on Barents Sea ice variability and retreat.
  • 2012. Overview of Arctic research at BCCR - observations and modelling.
  • 2012. Is Fram Strait ice export a driver for Arctic sea ice decline?
  • 2012. Coupled Air-Sea-Ice Modelling of the Svalbard Region.
  • 2012. Climate change in high latitudes, The role of the Barents Sea in the Arctic climate system.
  • 2012. Arctic sea ice loss - a tale of two seasons.
  • 2012. Arctic research at the Bjerknes Centre - Observations and modelling.
  • 2011. Quantifying the influence of Atlantic heat on Barents Sea ice variability and retreat.
  • 2011. Klimaendringer: Globalt, lokalt, Antarktis og Arktis.
  • 2011. DYNAWARM: Dynamics of Past Warm Climates.
  • 2010. Ocean properties below the Fimbul ice shelf.
  • 2010. Grease ice thickness parameterisation.
  • 2010. Fram Strait sea ice area export.
  • 2010. Fimbul Ice Shelf Ocean properties and exchange towards the north.
  • 2010. Distinguishing early Holocene temperature changes caused by northward oceanic heat advection from the oceanic temperature response to changes in orbital forcing.
  • 2010. Cold Deep Water formation on shallow banks in the Barents Sea.
  • 2010. Cold Deep Water formation on shallow banks in the Barents Sea.
  • 2010. A carbon system model for the Barents sea.
  • 2009. Main causes of the Arctic Sea Ice loss since the 1960s.
  • 2009. Grease ice in ocean models - why it should be done and how to do it.
  • 2009. Fimbil Ice Shelf - top to bottom.
  • 2009. Barents Sea Ocean Transport - a 1D approach.
  • 2009. Barents Sea Heat - Oceanic advection and surface fluxes.
  • 2009. A few first Arctic sea ice results from the Norwegian Earth System Model.
  • 2008. Structure and Variability of the Filchner Overflow Plume.
  • 2008. Oceanic heat transport and Arctic sea ice cover.
  • 2008. Frazil & Grease Ice in Polynyas on Svalbard.
  • 2007. Supercooling Under Fast Ice in Freemansundet, Svalbard, March 2007.
  • 2007. Observations of in-situ supercooled water in an Arctic polynya.
  • 2006. Sea-Ice processes.
  • 2006. Polynya Dynamics and Export of Dense Water: Results from Storfjorden Laboratory.
  • 2005. The implementation of one-way and two-way atmosphere-ice-ocean coupled models over an Arctic polynya.
  • 2004. Temperature profile integrals of the Ice Shelf Water plume.
  • 2004. Ocean circulation below the Fimbul ice shelf.
  • 2003. Warming of the deep water in the Weddell Sea 1977-2001.
  • 2003. Suspended frazil ice crystals below the Filchner Ice Shelf.
  • 2003. Sea ice measurements and modelling.
  • 2003. Ice shelf water, frazil ice, and warming deep water in the Weddell sector.
  • 2002. Oppvarming i havet, spesiellt i sør.
  • 2002. Growth of frazil ice crystals in sea water - laboratory and numerical experiments.
  • 2002. Growth of frazil ice crystals in sea water - Laboratory & numerical experiments.
  • 2002. Frazil ice production in an Ice Shelf Water plume.
  • 2002. Frazil ice formation in ice shelf water below the Filchner Ronne ice shelf.
  • 2002. Frazil ice formation and ice shelf water.
  • 2001. Recent changes in sea ice cover in the Arctic and probable causes.
  • 2001. Oceanography of the Arctic Ocean ( EWG Atlas).
  • 2001. Frazil ice formation in laboratories and the field.
  • 1998. Sediment entrainment into Arctic leads: An experimental approach.
  • 1995. Formation Mechanisms for Dense Western Shelf Water Along the Filchner Ronne Icefront in the Southern Weddell Sea.
Editorial
  • 2006. Causes of deep-water variations: Reply to comment by E. Fahrbach, M. Hoppema, G. Rohardt, M. Schroder and A. Wisotzki. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 578-580.
Popular scientific article
  • 2015. Derfor øker temperaturen så sterkt i Arktis. To Grader.
  • 2012. Polhavet smelter. To Grader.
  • 2009. Ice Tank Experiments Highlight Changes in Sea Ice Types. EOS.
  • 2009. Hvor mye smelter Fimbulisen? Forskning.no.
  • 2006. Kraftanstrengelse for havets klimarolle nærmer seg slutten. Cicerone. 34-35.
  • 2005. Detaljerte modellresultater av sjøisen ved Svalbard. Cicerone. 30-31.
  • 2002. Mindre is i et varmere Antarktis. Cicerone. 32-35.
  • 2000. Mot et isfritt Arktis ? Cicerone. 19-23.
Feature article
  • 2008. Nordpolen og en pose med snop, takk! Bergens Tidende.
  • 2005. Havets rolle i klimaet. Bergens Tidende.
Doctoral dissertation
  • 2014. Arctic sea ice altimetry - advances and current uncertainties.
  • 2000. Frazil Ice Formation and Incorporation of Sediments into Sea Ice in the Kara Sea.
Interview
  • 2019. Ekspertintervjuet: Store endringer i polare strøk, viser ny IPCC-rapport.
  • 2013. To grader. Veien til Klimakunnskap.
  • 2013. Arctic Sea Ice Decline and Ice Export Between Greenland and Svalbard.
  • 2012. Elephant seals help uncover slower-than-expected Antarctic melting.
  • 2011. Store utfordringer venter i Arktis.
  • 2011. Havisen forsvinner ikke.
  • 2011. Fokus: Olje og gass.
  • 2010. Varmt havvann smelter vinterisen i Barentshavet.
  • 2010. The Fimbul Ice Shelf - top to bottom.
  • 2010. Ingen klimaalarm fra Fimbulisen.
  • 2010. Ingen klimaalarm fra Antarktis.
  • 2010. Havet under isen virker stabilt kaldt.
  • 2010. Et stort hvitt kontinet.
  • 2009. Verdens kaldeste vann på Svalbard.
  • 2008. Uvanlig isfenomen i Arktis forbløffer.
  • 2008. Uvanlig isfenomen forbløffer.
  • 2008. Nordpolen i drift.
  • 2008. Nordpolen i drift.
  • 2008. Nordpolen i drift.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare for isfritt Arktis.
  • 2008. Ingen akutt fare.
  • 2008. Grønland er nediset.
  • 2008. Arktis er klodens termometer.
  • 2007. Svarer på dine klimaspørsmål.
  • 2007. Polisen smelter raskere enn ventet.
  • 2007. Forskere og kystvakt spilte polar-rugby.
  • 2007. De skal forklare klimagåten.
  • 2006. Vil revolusjonere klimaforskningen.
  • 2006. Ny is er full av salt.
Documentary
  • 2012. Et varmere Arktis. 2°C, Status fra klimavitenskapen 2012, Arctis Smelter.
  • 2006. Der isen oppstår; "Syv gleder i Arktis" og "Venting i Arktis".
Programme participation
  • 2007. Det internasjonale polaråret og tokt til Svalbard.
Abstract
  • 2010. The early Holocene thermal maximum in the northern Nordic Seas: An advective signal or a direct response to trong summer insolation? Geophysical Research Abstracts.
Poster
  • 2020. HE34A-1990 Enhancement of ocean and sea ice insitu observations in the Arctic under the Horizon 2020 project INTAROS.
  • 2018. Sensitivity of submarine melting on North East Greenland towards ocean forcing.
  • 2018. Arctic - Atlantic Climate Reponse Functions.
  • 2017. Southern Ocean ventilation and bottom water formation driven by Weddell Sea polynyas.
  • 2012. Ventilation, pathways, and overflows of the Nordic Seas.
  • 2012. Seasonal changes in Arctic sea ice – atmosphere interaction.
  • 2011. Grease ice parameterisation in sea-ice ocean models.
  • 2011. A look at the basal mass balance ofthe Fimbul ice shelf using ice penetrating radar andoceanographic borehole data.
  • 2009. Sea-ice Energy Balance: Results from a Summer Ice-drift Experiment in the Central Arctic.
  • 2007. Observations of hydrography and downflow of brine-enriched shelf water in the Storfjorden polynya, Svalbard.
  • 2004. Winter field survey in the polynya and on fast ice in Storfjorden (Svalbard Archipelago).
  • 2004. Antarctic deep-water formation, ocean stratification, and glacial/interglacial climate and CO2 cycles.
  • 2000. Formation of turbid ice during the autumn freeze up in the Kara Sea.
  • 2000. Experiments with frazil ice and sediment aggregation.
  • 1997. Entrainment of sediment into sea ice due to turbulence.
Academic literature review
  • 2018. Introduction to the special issue on ocean warming. 28-31.
  • 2013. The role of the Barents Sea in the arctic climate system. 415-449.
Brochure
  • 2010. Sjøisen i Arktis.
Chapter
  • 2017. 5. Arctic sea ice. . In:
    • 2017. AMAP, 2017. Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA). Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP).

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

http://folk.uib.no/ngfls/papers.html

N-ICE 2015 (Norwegian young sea ICE cruise 2015)
ice2ice (Arctic Sea Ice and Greenland Ice Sheet Sensitivity)
BASIC (Boundary layers in the Arctic atmosphere, Seas and Ice dynamics)

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