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  • E-mailLise.Rakner@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 90 75+47 957 05 076
  • Visitor Address
    Christies gate 17
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 BERGEN

Lise Rakner is Professor of political science at the University of Bergen. Her research interests cover the fields of democratization and autocratization, with particular emphasis on human rights, electoral politics, political parties and processes of democratic backsliding. Rakner's work also extents to political economy, with an emphasis on economic reforms, taxation, business associations, budget processes and aid effectiveness. She has conducted a number of governance assessment analyses for international agencies and donor governments. She holds an adjunct position at the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen. She is the PI of the research project Breaking BAD: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa funded by the Research Council of Norway (FRIHUMSAM), see https://www.democraticbacklash.com/. She is also PI of Autocratization Dynamics: Innovations in Research-Embedded Learning (INPART 2021-2025) and sheheads the Zambia country study of Political determinants of sexual and reproductive health in Africa,funded by the RCN, Globvac).

Courses

Bergen Summer research School (BSRS)-PhD Climate Governance (2015), Governance and Inequality (2021)

Sampol 315: Elections and representation (Master level)

Sampol 335. Elections and Representation in Democracies (Master)

Sampol 314: Elections in New democracies (Master level)

Sampol 338: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy

Sampol 100: Introduction to Comparative Politics

Sampol 105: State and nationbuilding

Sampol 219: Politics in the Developing World

Sampol 120: Scandinavian Politics (BA level)

Sampol 250: Writing the Bachelor thesis (BA level)

 

Publications

Publicationlist in Cristin

Books

Arriola, L., L. Rakner and N. van de Walle  (2022, forthcoming): Democratic Backsliding in Africa? Autocratization, Resilience, and Contention Oxford University Press.

Burnell, Peter, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner (eds.), 2017. Politics in the Developing World. Oxford University Press, 5th edition.

Elgesem, D., E. Eide, S. Gloppen, and L. Rakner (red.), 2014. Klima, Medier og Politikk. Oslo: Abstrakt

Kiiza, Julius, Sabiti Makara and Lise Rakner (eds.), 2008. Electoral Democracy in Uganda: Understanding the Institutional Dynamics, Processes and Outcomes of the 2006 Multiparty Elections. Kampala: Fountain Publishers.

Gloppen, Siri and Lise Rakner (eds.), 2007: Globalization and Democratization: Challenges for Political Parties. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

Rakner, Lise, 2003: Political and Economic Liberalisation in Zambia. Uppsala: The Nordic Africa Institute.

Articles (recent)

Boniface Dulani, Lise Rakner, Lindsay Benstead, Vibeke Wang (2021):  Do women face a different standard? The interplay of gender and corruption in the 2014 presidential elections in Malawi. Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 88, 102501 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2021.102501.

Rakner, Lise, 2021: “Don ́t touch my constitution! The role of pro-democracy movements in
African democratic trajectories”. Global Policy Volume12, IssueS5, July 2021, pp 95-105.

Arriola LR, Choi DD, Davis JM, Phillips ML, Rakner L., 2021: «Paying to party: Candidate resources
and party switching in new democracies». Party Politics. February 2021.
doi:10.1177/1354068821989563

Rakner, Lise and Siri Gloppen, 2020: “LGBT Rights in Africa”. Research Handbook on
Gender, Sexuality and the Law. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Rakner, Lise. 2019. “Democratic Rollback in Africa”. In Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.887

Muriaas, Ragnhild L., Vibeke Wang, Lindsay Benstead, Boniface Dulani, and Lise Rakner 2019. “Why the Gender of Traditional Authorities Matters: Intersectionality and Women’s Rights Advocacy in Malawi.” Comparative Political Studies, (forthcoming). doi:10.1177/0010414018774369.

Lust, Ellen and Lise Rakner, 2018. “The Other Side of Taxation: Extraction and Social Institutions in the Developing World“, Annual Review of Political Science, 21:1

Ballen, C., Lee, D., Rakner, L., & Cotner, S. 2018. “Politics a “Chilly” Environment for Undergraduate Women in Norway”, PS: Political Science & Politics, 1-6. doi:10.1017/S1049096518000045

Helle, Svein Erik and Lise Rakner, 2017. “The impact of elections. The case of Uganda”, in Gerschewski, Johannes and Christoph Stefes (eds.). Crisis in Autocratic Regimes, Boulder: Lynne Rienner, pp. 111-134.

Rakner, Lise, 2017. “Tax bargains in unlikely places: The politics of Zambian mining taxes”. The Extractive Industries and Society (4), pp. 525-538.

Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise, Lise Rakner, and Ingvild Skage, 2016. “Political capital of ruling parties after regime change: Contrasting successful insurgencies to peaceful pro-democracy movements. Civil Wars, Vol. 18(2) pp. 175-191.

  • Show author(s) 2021. Zambia 2011-2021: Presidentialism, Legal Autocratisation and Democratic Backsliding Institute for Democracy Citizenship and Public Policy in Africa at the University of CapeTown. .
  • Show author(s) 2021. Utfordringer for demokratiet.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Paying to party: Candidate resources and party switching in new democracies . Party Politics. 1-14.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Noen blir absurd rike. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Don’t Touch My Constitution! Civil Society Resistance to Democratic Backsliding in Africa´s Pluralist Regimes. Global Policy.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Do women face a different standard? The interplay of gender and corruption in the 2014 presidential elections in Malawi,. Women's Studies: International Forum.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Divine Intervention: The Influence of Pentecostal Sermons on Democratic Values Evidence from Zambia.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Democratic Backsliding in Poland and Hungary.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Comparing legal activism in Zimbabwe and Zambia. CMI Working Paper. 30 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2021. Autocratization dynamics in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Time for global health diplomacy. The Lancet. 1691-1692.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Partisanship, Gender, and the Structure of Politician Networks in Zambia .
  • Show author(s) 2020. Lise Rakner and Nic van de Walle: Opposition parties in non-institutionalized party systems: Zambia Elections Research Network: ZERN workshop and analyses of 2021 Zambian elections.
  • Show author(s) 2020. LGBT Rights in Africa. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Don´t touch my constitution! The role of pro-democracy movements in African democratic trajectories.
  • Show author(s) 2020. Democratic Backsliding in Africa? Autocratization, Resilience, and Contention .
  • Show author(s) 2020. Autocratization and the effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic .
  • Show author(s) 2019. Working paper: Women’s Household Bargaining Power and Abortion Policy Preferences: Evidence from Zambian Politicians.
  • Show author(s) 2019. The perfect enemy: From migrants to sexual minorities.
  • Show author(s) 2019. The Business of Politics. Campaign Costs and Party Switching in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Roundtable: Researching Backlash against Democracy.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Political corruption and corruption as a political strategy.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Kvinner som protesterer. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Kvinner som gjør oppgjør. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Den gode fienden: Fra flytninger til seksuelle minoriteter. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Democratic Rollback in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2019. Breakfast for Democracy: Military coups of today .
  • Show author(s) 2019. Demokrati i tilbakegang i Afrika .
  • Show author(s) 2018. Why the Gender of Traditional Authorities Matters: Intersectionality and Women’s Rights Advocacy in Malawi. Comparative Political Studies. 1-44.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire. The Washington Post.
  • Show author(s) 2018. WORLD AFFAIRS: Threats to Democracy in Africa. .
  • Show author(s) 2018. Understanding Democratic Backsliding in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Traditional Authority, Gender and Political Engagement in Malawi.
  • Show author(s) 2018. The other side of taxation: extraction and social institutions in the developing world. Annual review of political science (Palo Alto, Calif. Print). 277-294.
  • Show author(s) 2018. The business of politics: Party defection and candidate selection in Zambia.
  • Show author(s) 2018. The International Dimension of Backlash Against Democracy.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Tax bargains in poorly regulated countries: Lobbying and the shaping of tax policies in Tanzania.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Politics a “Chilly” Environment for Undergraduate Women in Norway. PS: Political Science and Politics. 653-658.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Don´t touch my constitution. Civil society resistance and political turnovers in African pluralist regimes.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Diktatorens lærebok: Kapittelet om Tanzania. . Bistandsaktuelt.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Den demokratiske snarveien. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Breaking Bad: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa. CMI Insigth.
  • Show author(s) 2018. Breakfast for Democracy: Plunging into a new civil War? Political crisis in Burundi.
  • Show author(s) 2017. “Understanding Backlash against democracy in Africa”.
  • Show author(s) 2017. “Slaget om menneskerettighetene. Om demokratiets tilbakegang”.
  • Show author(s) 2017. “Politician defection in Zambia”,.
  • Show author(s) 2017. demokrati i forfall. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Vafler for demokratiet. Agenda Magasin.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Understanding the Uneven Playing Field. The Multifaceted Role of Unfair Electoral Competition in a Non-Democratic Regime.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Understanding Backlash against democracy in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2017. The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia. 120-124.
  • Show author(s) 2017. The politization of LGBT and abortion rights in Zambia: Preliminary findings from survey and qualitative interviews.
  • Show author(s) 2017. The Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) in Malawi: Selected Findings on Gender. .
  • Show author(s) 2017. The Impact of Elections: The Case of Uganda. 24 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Tax bargains in unlikely places: The politics of Zambian mining taxes. The Extractive Industries and Society. 525-538.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Political determinants of sexual & reproductive health (Globvac project).
  • Show author(s) 2017. LGBT rights in Zambia: Analyzing politicization and contentious episodes.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Institutional Perspectives. 44-57. In:
    • Show author(s) 2017. Politics in the Developing World, 5th Edition. Oxford University Press.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Governance. 226-242. In:
    • Show author(s) 2017. Politics in the Developing World, 5th Edition. Oxford University Press.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Democratization and Regime Change. 211-225. In:
    • Show author(s) 2017. Politics in the Developing World, 5th Edition. Oxford University Press.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Breaking BAD: Understanding the Backlash Against Democracy in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Breaking BAD: Understanding backlash Against Democracy in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Africa’s legalized politics of homosexuality: dynamics & effects of criminalization.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Using traditional leaders to end child marriage: Evidence from a survey experiment in Malawi.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Using traditional leaders to end child marriage: Evidence from a survey experiment in Malawi.
  • Show author(s) 2016. The urban poor as citizens and clients. Enacting political agency through political parties and social movements in Kenya and Zambia.
  • Show author(s) 2016. The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia. CMI Brief. 4 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Political capital of ruling parties after regime change: contrasting successful insurgencies to peaceful pro-democracy movements. Civil Wars. 175-191.
  • Show author(s) 2016. Lessons from Zambia … for a more sustainable mining tax regime. African Development Bank "AnnualMeetings Daily".
  • Show author(s) 2016. Lessons from Zambia – From a profit-based tax system, to a revenue-based tax system. African Development Bank "AnnualMeetings Daily".
  • Show author(s) 2016. Lessons from Zambia - Recommendations for a more sustainable mining tax regime. African Development Bank "AnnualMeetings Daily".
  • Show author(s) 2015. “Don’t touch my constitution! Civil society resistance and political turnovers in Africa´s pluralist regimes” (with I. Skage).
  • Show author(s) 2015. Shaping the tax agenda: Public engagement, lobbying and tax reform in Tanzania. CMI Brief. 4 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2015. Reconceptualizing African Party Systems.
  • Show author(s) 2015. Norske klimaparadokser. Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift. 246-255.
  • Show author(s) 2015. Explaining Variation in Government Parties’ Willingness to Build Party Organization in Africa.
  • Show author(s) 2014. The role of institutions in capital flight, lobbyism and tax evasion.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Stortingsklima. Klima som valgkamptema og norske politikeres syn på klimautfordringene. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Norske paradokser. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Memorandum:Overview of research findings regarding aid in support of democratization and human rights observance. .
  • Show author(s) 2014. Klimabistand: god bistandspolitikk? 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Judging the price of life: cons considerations in right-to-health litigation. 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Institutional Perspectives. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Grabbing’ an election: Abuse of state resources in the 2011 elections in Uganda. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2014. Democracy. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2013. ”Prioritization of healthcare: Comparative perspectives”.
  • Show author(s) 2013. “Competition and participation, but no democracy: The politics of elections in Africa´s feckless regimes”. Statsvetenskaplig Tidsskrift. 365-384.
  • Show author(s) 2013. Foreign Aid and Democratic Consolidation in Zambia.
  • Show author(s) 2013. Electoral mobilization in Uganda and Zambia for the 2011 elections: The interplay between opposition weakness, incumbent strength and the urban/rural electoral divide.
  • Show author(s) 2012. WP/016 Foreign Aid and Democratic Consolidation in Zambia. UNU-WIDER Research Papers.
  • Show author(s) 2012. The interplay between poverty and electoral authoritarianism: Poverty and regime stability in Uganda and Zambia.
  • Show author(s) 2012. The interplay between poverty and electoral authoritarianism: Poverty and political mobilization in Zambia and Uganda. .
  • Show author(s) 2012. Taxation, elections and populism: The salience of taxation Zambian election campaigns 2001-2011.
  • Show author(s) 2012. I pose og sekk? Klima i norsk utviklingspolitikk etter 2005. 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Foreign aid, democracy promotion and democratic progress. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Elections in hybrid regimes: Assessing the Formal and Informal Underpinnings of Electoral Contests in Africa, Post-Communist Eurasia and the Middle East.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Institutionalizing the pro-democracy movements: the case of Zambia's Movement for Multiparty Democracy. Democratization. 1106-1124.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Institutional Perspectives. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2011. In search of the impact of international support for political parties in new democracies: Malawi and Zambia compared. 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Governance and Aid Conditionality in a Globalizing World. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Assessing the impact of health rights litigation : a comparative analysis of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India and South Africa. 31 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2010. The Management of the 2009 Electoral Process. The Role of the Malawi Electoral Commission. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2010. In search of the impact of international support for political parties in new democracies: Malawi and Zambia compared. Democratization. 1250-1274.
  • Show author(s) 2009. When and why do judges consider the costs of health right litigation?
  • Show author(s) 2009. Valgets politikk: Betydningen av legale og administrative virkemidler for å beholde makten i Malawi og Uganda. Politica - Tidsskrift for politisk videnskab. 268-282.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Valgets politikk: Betydningen av administrative og legale virkemidler for å beholde makten i Malawi og Uganda. Politica - Tidsskrift for politisk videnskab. 268-282.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Turnaround: The national resistance movement and the reintroduction of a multiparty system in Uganda. International Political Science Review. 185-204.
  • Show author(s) 2009. The impact of international party support to political parties in new democracies: Malawi and Zambia compared.
  • Show author(s) 2009. The administration of the 2009 elections: The role of the Malawi Electoral Commission.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Opposition weakness in Africa. Journal of Democracy. 108-121.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Opposition Parties and Incumbent Presidents: The New Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Africa. 24 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2009. How do we measure the impact of health right litigation?
  • Show author(s) 2009. "An aid exit strategy for Zambia".
  • Show author(s) 2008. “Opposition parties and incumbent presidents. The New Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Sub Saharan Africa” (with Nic van de Walle)”.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Opposition parties in sub-saharan Africa. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Introduction: Coming to grips with the current predicaments of political parties. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Fissions and fusions, foes and friends - Party system restructuring in Malawi in the 2004 general elections. Comparative Political Studies. 1112-1137.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The accountability function of supreme audit institutions in Malawi, Uganda and Tanzania. .
  • Show author(s) 2005. Stuck in Transition: Electoral Processes in Zambia 1991-2001. Democratization. 85-105.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Stuck in Transition: Electoral Processes in Zambia 1991-2001. Democratization. 85-105.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Fissions and fusions, friends and foes: Party system restructuring in Malawi.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Figthing Poverty in Africa: are PRSPs making a difference. The Journal of Modern African Studies. 492-493.
  • Show author(s) 2003. The PRSP process in Zambia. .
  • Show author(s) 2003. Taxation and tax reforms in developing countries: Illustrations from sub-Saharan Africa. CMI Working Paper. 35 pages.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

2022-2025 Rights Activism under Political Uncertainty (RightAct) (Research Council of Norway, Scientific Renewal)

2021-2025 Autocratization Dynamics: Innovations in Research-Embedded Learning (PI)

2017- 2021  Research Council of Norway (FRIHUMSAM): Breaking BAD: Explaining Backlash Against Democracy (PI).

2016-2020: Research Council of Norway (GLOBVAC): Political determinants of sexual and reproductive health in Africa (RNC, lead Researcher Zambia country study

2016-2020:  Vetenskapsrådet (The Swedish Research Council): Social Institutions and Governance: Lessons from Sub-Sahara Africa (Gothenburg University, co PI with Ellen Lust

  • Democratization
  • Political parties
  • Electoral processes 
  • Human rights, rights litigation
  • Development, development aid
  • Africa (Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Southern Africa)

Research groups