Monica Naime 's picture

Monica Naime

PhD Candidate
  • E-mailmonica.naime@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 93 21
  • Visitor Address
    Magnus Lagabøtes plass 1
    5010 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7806
    5020 Bergen

I am a PhD in Public Policy from CIDE, Mexico, currently a doctoral researcher at the Faculty of Law, University of Bergen, Norway. I hold a Master in International Law from the Graduate Institute in Geneva. I am a lawyer and have an international relations degree from Mexico.

Dissertation project:

Privatization, decentralization, delegation, public-private partnerships, outsourcing, are all phenomena that increase the fluidity of statal functions and activities, where the border between sovereign acts and private acts is blurred. Nonetheless, the legal regime of international State responsibility assumes, as it did when it began to be developed in the early 20th century, that the State controls its entities and the services and goods they provide. Therefore, there is a dissonance between the rules for attribution and the degree of State oversight of non-state entities that exercise acts of governmental authority.

The dissertation focuses on the rule for attributing to the State the acts of non-State entities that exercise acts of governmental authority (article 5 of the ILC Draft Articles on State Responsibility). The research is relevant not only for international law as a scholarly field, but also shows the consequences of governments’ choices on the organization of state organs, and the decision on the public or private provision of public goods, services, and the administration of natural resources, amongst others.

Overall, my current main research project seeks to clarify the conditions and limits of attributing to the State the conduct of non-state entities that exercise acts of governmental authority. It centers on better understanding of the relation between the internal organization of the State and its international responsibility. This is especially important as, as the COVID-19 pandemic has shown, globalization has not displaced the State, but rather the contrary: the fact that more actors and more activities play at the international sphere has increased the relevance of the State within local, national, international, transnational, and global governance networks which lie beyond their control.

For example, as part of the economic responses to the pandemic, several countries have invested in airlines companies, under the argument to protect jobs. States have therefore acquired central influence over these companies. Does this mean that some states have considered aviation as a central function of the state? Where is the limit between the state acting or the company acting, given that states could now have the power to make decision over these companies? Who should be held accountable for breaches of international law in this case? These are the type of issues I seek to clarify with my current project.


Academic activities:

I have teaching experience in Norwegian, English and Spanish. I have taught both law students and interdisciplinary audiences. The main courses I teach are introduction to legal thinking, international law, human rights, environmental law, and legal and political history. I am able and interested in supervising master students in all these topics, either in Norwegian or in English. 

I have over 10 peer-reviewed publications, in English, Norwegian and Spanish, and have been a visiting scholar in Geneva, Paris, Cambridge and Bergen (admorg). I have several years of work experience in the Mexican federal government and with International Organizations.

My general research interests comprise the intersection between law, public policy and organization theory, this is, law as an independent variable. And dogs.

Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2020). Legitimacy of Public Organizations Through Time: Communicating the Case of the 43 Disappeared Students in Mexico. Iberoamericana – Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. 85-95.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Defining wicked problems for public policy: The case of Mexico’s disappearances. Gestión y Análisis de Políticas Públicas (GAPP). 64-80.
  • Show author(s) (2019). BRIDGING CRISIS MANAGEMENT AND POLICY TRANSFER: A COGNITIVE APPROACH. International Public Management Review (IPMR). 66-88.
  • Show author(s) (2017). La desaparición forzada como fenómeno administrativo. Revista IAPEM. 79-89.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Libya and Resolution 1973: The Law of Politics. Journal of Strategic Security (JSS). 105-112.
  • Show author(s) (2012). El final de la espiral del caos: la regulación de los actos jurídicos unilaterales de los Estados. Anuario Mexicano de Derecho Internacional. 631-672.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Derecho Internacional y Ciencias sociales.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) (2022). Norwegian oil licenses and its international responsibility: a teaser.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2023). Wicked problems: law and public policy in the case of forced disappearances.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Desaparición forzada: Derecho, políticas públicas y teoría de la organización.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Trust, health policies and regulation. A comparative perspective from Mexico and Norway.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Social Protection for Women During COVID-19: A multilevel account from Mexico.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Bridging Crisis Management and Policy Transfer: A Cognitive Approach .
  • Show author(s) (2018). When Public Administration Causes Wicked Problems: Challenges for Public Policy.
  • Show author(s) (2017). La Desaparición Forzada en México: ¿una política pública?
  • Show author(s) (2014). Judging judges: the International Court of Justice versus national courts in the Protection of human rights. .
Book review
  • Show author(s) (2021). State Responsibility in the International Legal Order: A Critical Appraisal by KATJA CREUTZ [Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2020, 352 pp, ISBN 978-1-108-49429-8, £95 (h/bk)]. International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 821-822.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Book review: De Stefano, Carlo. Attribution in International Law and Arbitration (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2020), hb, xi + 211 pp, £80.00, ISBN 978-0-19-884464-8. Nordic Journal of International Law. 405-407.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2021). Police Obedience in Local Governments: A Normal Game Model from a Public Policy Perspective. El Colegio de México.
  • Show author(s) (2020). De Relaciones Gubernamentales a la Gobernanza Municipal: Una Revisión Crítica de Dos Décadas de Literatura en México. Editores Libreros.
Masters thesis
  • Show author(s) (2013). The design of Transboundary River Institutions.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) (2018). Public Administration: Do, Re-Do…Un-Do. PA Times.
Feature article
  • Show author(s) (2022). Påstand Ukraina har fremmet i den internasjonale domstolen er smart og uvanlig. Rett24.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Norge bør intervenere i Ukraina v. Russland ved ICJ . Rett24.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) (2020). Relation between organizational capacity and legitimacy: mechanisms for the Mexican case.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2022). COVID-19 in the Mexican federation: Managing the health and economic crises. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2022). Actions to Promote Gender Equality in the Context of COVID-19. 23 pages.
Licentiate dissertation
  • Show author(s) (2011). Régimen jurídico de los actos unilaterales de los Estados.
  • Show author(s) (2011). El acto jurídico unilateral del Estado como fuente de obligación internacional: la conversión de la palabra de facto a de iure desde la perspectiva del derecho internacional público.
  • Show author(s) (2023). Norske petroleumsitvinningstillatelser og internasjonalt statsansvar: sammenstøt mellom norsk rettskultur og folkerett. 433-452. In:
    • Show author(s) (2023). Fakultetsbyggjar, vestlending og verdsborgar: Festskrift til Ernst Nordtveit 70 år. Cappelen Damm Akademisk.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)