• E-mailNoel.Keenlyside@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 20 32+47 944 25 297
  • Visitor Address
    Allegaten 70
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 BERGEN

Current research interest

  • Decadal variability and predictability of climate
  • Tropical interannual climate variability and predictability
  • Extra-tropical ocean-atmosphere interaction
  • Super climate modelling

Master projects

I can offer the following potential master thesis topics:

  • The Indian summer monsoon in the Norwegian earth system model (Lea Svendsen, Noel Keenlyside)
  • Why is the ITCZ North of the Equator? (Noel Keenlyside, Nils Gunnar Kvamstø)
  • Variability and predictability of the Atlantic Niño (Noel Keenlyside, Shunya Koseki)
  • Atlantic decadal variability and prediction (Noel Keenlyside, Francois Counillon) 
  • Marine heatwaves, their predictability and implications to Norwegian fishery (Jana Sillman (CICERO), Noel Keenlyside)
  • Hemispheric atmospheric wave resonance and the effect on Nordic energy production (Noel Keenlyside, Tarjei Breiteig (Agder Energi))

You can read more information here, or please contact me by email.

Five recent publications

Book chapters

Master projects

I can offer the following potential master thesis topics:

  • The Indian summer monsoon in the Norwegian earth system model (Lea Svendsen, Noel Keenlyside)
  • Why is the ITCZ North of the Equator? (Noel Keenlyside, Nils Gunnar Kvamstø)
  • Variability and predictability of the Atlantic Niño (Noel Keenlyside, Shunya Koseki)
  • Atlantic decadal variability and prediction (Noel Keenlyside, Francois Counillon) 
  • Marine heatwaves, their predictability and implications to Norwegian fishery (Jana Sillman (CICERO), Noel Keenlyside)
  • Hemispheric atmospheric wave resonance and the effect on Nordic energy production (Noel Keenlyside, Tarjei Breiteig (Agder Energi))

You can read more information here, or please contact me by email.


GEOF348: Advanced Climate Dynamics


GEOF327: The General Circulation of the Atmosphere

GEOF212Physical Climatology

Google user profile


Submitted manuscripts

  • Crespo, L., B. Rodríguez-Fonseca, I. Polo, N. Keenlyside, D. Dommenget, 2020, Multidecadal variability of ENSO in a recharge oscillator framework, submitted
  • Cheung, H. N., N. Keenlyside, T. Koenigk, S. Yang, T. Tian, Z. Xu, Y. Gao, F. Ogawa, N.-E. Omrani, S. Qiao, and W. Zhou, 2019: Projected Uncertainties in the Northern Winter Climate: Role of Interhemispheric Sea Surface Temperature Gradient and Arctic Sea Ice Cover. J. Clim., submitted.
  • Nnamchi, H. C., M. Latif, N. S. Keenlyside, J. Kjellsson, and I. Richter, 2019: Origin of the seasonality of the Atlantic Niño. submitted.
  • Sarre, A., P. Brehmer, H. Demarcq, N. Keenlyside, and others, 2017: Spatial shift of small pelagic fish as early warning for food security in North-West Africa. submitted


  1. Pariyar, S. K., N. Keenlyside, A. Sorteberg, T. Spengler, B. C. Bhatt, and F. Ogawa, 2019: Factors affecting extreme rainfall events over the South Pacific, WACE, accepted
  2. Akinsanola, A. A., W. Zhou, T. Zhou, N. Keenlyside, 2020, Amplification of synoptic to annual variability of West African summer monsoon rainfall 1 under global warming, NPJ Climate and Atmospheric Science, accepted
  3. López-Paragesa, J., P. Augerc, B. Rodríguez-Fonseca, N. Keenlyside, Carlo Gaetan, Angelo Rubino, M. Arisidob, and T. Brochier: Round sardinella is a potential ecologicalintegrator of El Niño influence on northwest Africa, Prog. Oceanography, accepted
  4. Smith, D., ....., N. Keenlyside, et al., North Atlantic climate far more predictable than models imply, accepted 
  5. Luo, H., F. Zheng, N. Keenlyside, and J. Zhu, 2020: Ocean–atmosphere coupled Pacific Decadal variability simulated by a climate model. Climate Dynamics accepted
  6. Nnamchi, H. C., M. Latif, N. S. Keenlyside, and W. Park, (2019) A satellite era warming hole in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean. JGRO, accepted
  7. Yang, X.-Y., G. Wang, N. Keenlyside, (2020) The Arctic sea ice extent change connected to Pacific decadal variability, The Cryosphere, 14, 693–708, 2020
  8. Schevenhoven, F., F. Selten, A. Carrassi, and N. Keenlyside (2019), Improving weather and climate predictions by training of supermodels, Earth Syst. Dynam., 10(4), 789-807, 10.5194/esd-10-789-2019.
  9. Kimmritz, M., F. Counillon, L. H. Smedsrud, I. Bethke, N. Keenlyside, F. Ogawa, and Y. Wang (2019), Impact of ocean and sea ice initialisation on seasonal prediction skill in the Arctic, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10.1029/2019MS001825.
  10. Wohland, J., N. E. Omrani, N. Keenlyside, and D. Witthaut (2019), Significant multidecadal variability in German wind energy generation, Wind Energ. Sci., 4(3), 515-526, 10.5194/wes-4-515-2019.
  11. Wu, C.-R., Y.-F. Lin, Y.-L. Wang, N. Keenlyside, and J.-Y. Yu (2019), An Atlantic-driven rapid circulation change in the North Pacific Ocean during the late 1990s, Scientific Reports, 9(1), 14411, 10.1038/s41598-019-51076-1.
  12. Li, F., Y. J. Orsolini, N. Keenlyside, M. L. Shen, F. Counillon, and Y. G. Wang, 2019: Impact of Snow Initialization in Subseasonal-to-Seasonal Winter Forecasts With the Norwegian Climate Prediction Model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 10033-10048
  13. Wang, Y., F. Counillon, N. Keenlyside, L. Svendsen, S. Gleixner, M. Kimmritz, P. Dai, and Y. Gao 2019: Seasonal predictions initialised by assimilating sea surface temperature observations with the EnKF, Climate Dynamics, 53, 5777–5797
  14. Jia, F., W. Cai, L. Wu, B. Gan, G. Wang, F. Kucharski, P. Chang, and N. Keenlyside, 2019: Weakening Atlantic Niño-Pacific connection under greenhouse warming, Science Advances, 5(8), eaax4111, 10.1126/sciadv.aax4111.
  15. Pariyar, S, N. Keenlyside, B. Bhatt, N.-E. Omrani: The dominant patterns of intra-seasonal boreal summer and winter Tropical western Pacific rainfall variability, Monthly Weather Review, 147, 2941-2960
  16. Foltz, G. R., ....... N. Keenlyside ...... 2019: The Tropical Atlantic Observing System. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 206.
  17. Voldoire, A., E. Exarchou, E. Sanchez-Gomez, T. Demissie, A.-L. Deppenmeier, C. Frauen, K. Goubanova, W. Hazeleger, N. Keenlyside, S. Koseki, C. Prodhomme, J. Shonk, T. Toniazzo, A.-K. Traoré. 2019: Role of wind stress in driving SST biases in the Tropical Atlantic. Clim. Dyn. published online
  18. Wohland, J., N.-E. Omrani, D. Witthaut, and N. S. Keenlyside 2019: Inconsistent wind speed trends in current 20th century reanalyses, JGR Atmos, 124
  19. Yan, Y., L. Svendsen, C. Wang, N. Keenlyside, Y. Qi, 2019: Did the global warming slowdown cause the north-south contrast of subsurface salinity anomalies in the Northwestern Pacific?, JGR Oceans,  124, 1795–1806
  20. Cai, W., ...., N. Keenlyside, et al., 2019: Pan-tropical climate interactions, Science, 363, eaav4236.
  21. Omrani, N.-E., F. Ogawa, H. Nakamura, N. Keenlyside, S. Lubis, K. Matthes, 2019: Key role of the Ocean Western Boundary Currents in shaping the Northern Hemisphere climate, Scientific Reports, 9, 3014
  22. Crespo, L. R., N. Keenlyside, and S. Koseki, 2019: The role of sea surface temperature in the atmospheric seasonal cycle of the equatorial Atlantic. Climate Dynamics, 52, 5927-5946.
  23. Koenigk, T., Y. Gao, G. Gastineau, N. Keenlyside, T. Nakamura, F. Ogawa, Y. Orsolini, V. Semenov, L. Suo, T. Tian, T. Wang, J. J. Wettstein, and S. Yang, 2019: Impact of Arctic sea ice variations on winter temperature anomalies in northern hemispheric land areas. Clim. Dyn., 52, 3111-3137 
  24. Årthun,  M., B. Bogstad, U. Daewel, N. S. Keenlyside, A. B. Sandø, C. Schrum, and G. Ottersen, 2018: Climate based multi-year predictions of the Barents Sea cod stock. PLOS ONE, 13, e0206319.
  25. Koseki, S., B. Pohl, B. C. Bhatt, N. Keenlyside, and A. S. Nkwinkwa Njouodo, 2018: Insights into the Summer Diurnal Cycle over Eastern South Africa. Monthly Weather Review, 146, 4339-4356
  26. Luo, F., S. Li, Y. Gao, L. Svendsen, T. Furevik, and N. Keenlyside, 2018: The connection between the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and the Indian Summer Monsoon since the Industrial Revolution is intrinsic to the climate system. Environmental Research Letters, 13, 094020.
  27. Svendsen, L., N. Keenlyside, I. Bethke, and Y. Gao, 2018: Pacific contribution to the early 20th century warming in the Arctic. Nat. Clim. Change, 8, 793-797
  28. Nkwinkwa Njouodo, A. S., S. Koseki, N. Keenlyside, M. Rouault, Atmospheric signature of the Agulhas Current, GRL, 45, 5185-5193
  29. Lübbecke, J. F., B. Rodríguez-Fonseca, I. Richter, M. Martín-Rey, T. Losada, I. Polo, and N. S. Keenlyside, 2018: Equatorial Atlantic variability—Modes, mechanisms, and global teleconnections. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 9, e527.
  30. Årthun, M., E.W. Kolstad, T. Eldevik, N.S. Keenlyside, 2018, Time scales and sources of European temperature variability, GRL, 45, 3597-3604.
  31. Hand, R., N.S. Keenlyside, N.-E. Omrani, J. Bader, and R. J. Greatbatch, 2018: The role of local sea surface temperature pattern changes in shaping climate change in the North Atlantic sector. Clim Dyn., published online 
  32. Ogawa, F., N. Keenlyside, Y. Gao, T. Koenigk, S. Yang, L. Suo, T. Wang, G. Gastineau, T. Nakamura, H. N. Cheung, N.-E. Omrani, J. Ukita, and V. Semenov, 2018: Evaluating impacts of the Arctic sea-ice loss on the northern hemisphere climate changes, GRL, 45, 3255-3263.
  33. Tchipalanga, P.,  M. Dengler, P. Brandt, R. Kopte, M. Macuéria, P. Coelho, M. Ostrowski, N.S. Keenlyside, 2018: Eastern boundary circulation and hydrography off Angola – building Angolan oceanographic capacities, BAMS, in press
  34. King, M. P., I. Herceg-Bulić, I. Bladé, J. García-Serrano, N. Keenlyside, F. Kucharski, C. Li, S. Sobolowski, 2018: Importance of late fall ENSO teleconnection in the Euro- Atlantic sector, BAMS, in press
  35. Collins, M., S. Minobe, M. Barreiro, S. Bordoni, Y. Kaspi, A. Kuwano-Yoshida, N. Keenlyside, E. Manzini, C. H. O’Reilly, R. Sutton, S.-P. Xie, and O. Zolina, 2018: Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics. Nature Climate Change, 8, 101-108.
  36. Luo, F., S. Li, Y. Gao, N. Keenlyside, L. Svendsen, T. Furevik, 2018: The connection between the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and the Indian Summer Monsoon in the CMIP5 models, Clim. Dyn., 1-17.
  37. Cheung, H. H. N., N. Keenlyside, N.-E. Omrani, and W. Zhou, 2018: Remarkable link between projected uncertainties of Arctic sea-ice decline and winter Eurasian climate. Adv. Atm. Sci., 35, 38-51.
  38. King, M. P., I. Herceg-Bulić, F. Kucharski, and N. Keenlyside, 2018: Interannual tropical Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies teleconnection to Northern Hemisphere atmosphere in November. Climate Dynamics, 50, 1881-1899. 
  39. Shen, M.-L., N. Keenlyside, B. C. Bhatt, and G. S. Duane, 2017: Role of atmosphere-ocean interactions in supermodeling the tropical Pacific climate. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 27, 126704.
  40. Sillmann, J., T. Thorarinsdottir, N. Keenlyside, N. Schaller, L. V. Alexander, G. Hegerl, S. I. Seneviratne, R. Vautard, X. Zhang, and F. W. Zwiers, 2017: Understanding, modeling and predicting weather and climate extremes: Challenges and opportunities. WACE, 18, 65-74.
  41. Gleixner, S., N. S. Keenlyside, T. D. Demissie, F. Counillon, Y. Wang, and E. Viste, 2017: Seasonal predictability of Kiremt rainfall in coupled general circulation models. ERL, 12, 114016.
  42. Zanchettin, D., C. Gaetan, M. W. Arisido, K. Modali, T. Toniazzo, N. Keenlyside, and A. Rubino, 2017: Structural decomposition of decadal climate prediction errors: A Bayesian approach. Scientific Reports, 7, 12862.
  43. Nnamchi, H. C., F. Kucharski, N. S. Keenlyside, and R. Farneti, 2017: Analogous seasonal evolution of the South Atlantic SST dipole indices. ASL, 18, 396-402.
  44. Koseki, S., N. Keenlyside, T. Demissie, T. Toniazzo, F. Counillon, I. Bethke, M. Ilicak, and M.-L. Shen, 2017: Causes of the large warm bias in the Angola-Benguela Frontal Zone in the Norwegian Earth System ModelClim. Dyn., published online
  45. Tseng, W.-L., H.-H. Hsu, N. Keenlyside, C.-W. June Chang, B.-J. Tsuang, C.-Y. Tu, and L.-C. Jiang, 2017: Effects of Surface Orography and Land–Sea Contrast on the Madden–Julian Oscillation in the Maritime Continent: A Numerical Study Using ECHAM5-SIT. J. Clim., 30, 9725-9741
  46. Richter, I., T. Doi, S. K. Behera, and N. Keenlyside, 2017: On the link between mean state biases and prediction skill in the tropics: an atmospheric perspective. Climate Dynamics.
  47. Årthun, M., T. Eldevik, E. Viste, H. Drange, T. Furevik, H. L. Johnson, and N. S. Keenlyside, 2017: Skillful prediction of northern climate provided by the ocean. Nature Communications, 8, 15875.
  48. Wang, Y., Counillon, F., I. Bethke, N. Keenlyside, Marc Bocquet, and Mao-lin Shen, 2017: Optimising assimilation of hydrographic profiles into isopycnal ocean models with ensemble data assimilation, Oce. Mod., 114 33–44
  49. Gleixner, S., N. Keenlyside, E. Viste, and D. Korecha, 2017: The El Niño effect on Ethiopian summer rainfall. Clim. Dyn., 49, 1865-1883.
  50. Cabos, W., D. V. Sein, J. G. Pinto, A. H. Fink, N. V. Koldunov, F. Alvarez, A. Izquierdo, N. Keenlyside, and D. Jacob, 2017: The South Atlantic Anticyclone as a key player for the representation of the tropical Atlantic climate in coupled climate models. Climate Dynamics, 48, 4051-4069.
  51. Counillon, F., N. Keenlyside, I. Bethke, Y. Wang, S. Billeau, M.-L. Shen, and M. Bentsen 2016: Flow dependent assimilation of SST in isopycnal coordinate with the Norwegian Climate Prediction Model. Tellus A, 68, 32437
  52. Mohino, E., N.Keenlyside, H.Pohlmann, 2016: Decadal prediction of Sahel rainfall: where does the skill (or lack of) come from?, Clim. Dyn. 47 (11), 3593-3612
  53. Mechoso, C. R., T. Losada, S. Koseki, E. Mohino-Harris, N. Keenlyside, A. Castaño-Tierno, T. A. Myers, B. Rodriguez-Fonseca, and T. Toniazzo, 2016: Can reducing the incoming energy flux over the Southern Ocean in a CGCM improve its simulation of tropical climate? Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 11,057-11,063.
  54. Reintges, A., T. Martin, M. Latif, and N. S. Keenlyside, 2016: Uncertainty in 21st Century Projections of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CMIP3 and CMIP5 models. Clim. Dyn., 1-17
  55. Dieppois, B., B. Pohl, M. Rouault, M. New, D. Lawler, and N. Keenlyside, 2016: Interannual to Interdecadal variability of winter and summer southern African rainfall, and their teleconnections. JGR Atmos., 121, 6215-6239.
  56. Nnamchi, H. C., J. Li, F. Kucharski, I.-S. Kang, N. Keenlyside, P. Chang, and R. Farneti, 2016: An equatorial-extratropical dipole structure of the Atlantic Niño. J. Clim.29, 7295-7311.
  57. Shen, M.-L., N. Keenlyside, F. Selten, W. Wiegerinck, and G. S. Duane, 2016: Dynamically combining climate models to “supermodel” the tropical Pacific. GRL, 43, 359-366.
  58. Ogawa, F., N.-E. Omrani, K. Nishii, H. Nakamura, and N. Keenlyside, 2015: Ozone-induced climate change propped up by the Southern Hemisphere oceanic front. Geophys. Res. Lett, 42, 10,056-10,063.
  59. Nnamchi, H.C., J. Li,, F. Kucharski, I.-S. Kang , N.S. Keenlyside, P. Chang and R.Farneti, Thermodynamic Controls of the Atlantic Niño, Nat. Comm. 6:8895 
  60. Mecking, J., N.S. Keenlyside, R.J. Greatbatch, Multiple Timescales of Stochastically Forced North Atlantic Ocean Variability: A model study, Oce. Dyn., 1-15
  61. Chang, C.-W. J., W.-L. Tseng, H.-H. Hsu, N. Keenlyside, and B.-J. Tsuang, 2015: The Madden-Julian Oscillation in a warmer world. GRL, 42, 6034-6042.
  62. Omrani, N. E., J. Bader, N. S. Keenlyside, and E. Manzini, 2016: Troposphere–stratosphere response to large-scale North Atlantic Ocean variability in an atmosphere/ocean coupled model. Clim. Dyn., 46, 1397-1415.
  63. King, M. P., M. Hell, and N. Keenlyside, 2016: Investigation of the atmospheric mechanisms related to the autumn sea ice and winter circulation link in the Northern Hemisphere. Clim. Dyn., 46, 1185-1195.
  64. Ding, H., N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, W. Park, and S. Wahl, 2015: The Impact of Mean State Errors on the Simulated Equatorial Atlantic Interannual Variability. JGR Oceans, 120, 1133-1151
  65. Bellucci, A., R. Haarsma, N. Bellouin, B. Booth, C. Cagnazzo, B. v. d. Hurk, N. Keenlyside, T. Koenigk, F. Massonnet, S. Materia, and M. Weiss, 2015: Advancements in decadal climate predictability: the role of non-oceanic drivers. Rev. of Geophy., 53, 165–202
  66. Gao, Y., J. Sun, F. Li, S. He, S. Sandven, Q. Yan, Z. Zhang, K. Lohmann, N. Keenlyside, T. Furevik, and L. Suo, 2015: Arctic sea ice and Eurasian climate: A review. Adv. Atm. Sci., 32, 92-114.
  67. Tseng, W.-L., B.-J. Tsuang, N. Keenlyside, H.-H. Hsu, and C.-Y. Tu, 2015: Resolving the upper-ocean warm layer improves the simulation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation, Clim. Dyn., 44, 1487-1503.
  68. Svendsen, L., S. Hetzinger, N. S. Keenlyside, and Y. Gao, 2014: Marine-based multi-proxy reconstruction of Atlantic multi-decadal variabilityGRL, 41, 2013GL059076.
  69. Counillon, F., I. Bethke, N. Keenlyside, M. Bentsen, L. Bertino, and F. Zheng, 2014: Seasonal-decadal prediction with the EnKF and NorESM: a twin experimentTellus A, 66, 21074
  70. Ba, J., N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, W. Park, H. Ding, K. Lohmann, J. Mignot, M. Menary, O. Otterå, B. Wouters, D. Salas y Melia, A. Oka, A. Bellucci, and E. Volodin, 2014: A multi-model comparison for Atlantic multidecadal variability. Clim. Dyn., 1-16
  71. Mecking, J.V., N.S. Keenlyside, and R.J. Greatbatch 2014: Stochastically-forced multidecadal variability in the North Atlantic: A model study, Clim. Dyn., 1-18
  72. Gleixner, S., N. Keenlyside, K. Hodges, W.-L. Tseng and L. Bengtsson 2014: An inter-hemispheric comparison of the Tropical Storm response to global warmingClim. Dyn., 42, 2147-2157
  73. Svendsen, L., N.G. Kvamstø, and N.S. Keenlyside, 2014: Weakening AMOC connects Equatorial Atlantic and Pacific interannual variability. Clim. Dyn., 1-11
  74. Omrani, N.-E., N. S. Keenlyside, J. Bader and E. Manzini, 2014: Stratosphere key for wintertime atmospheric response to warm Atlantic decadal conditionsClim. Dyn., 42:649–663
  75. Gulev, S.K., M. Latif, N. Keenlyside, W. Park, and K. P. Koltermann, 2013: North Atlantic Ocean Control on Surface Heat Flux at Multidecadal Timescales, Nature, 499, 464-467
  76. Keenlyside, N., H. Ding, and M. Latif, 2013: Potential of Equatorial Atlantic Variability to Enhance El Niño PredictionGRL, 40, 2278-2283.
  77. Hand, R., N. S. Keenlyside, N.-E. Omrani and M. Latif, 2013: Simulated response to inter-annual SST variations in the Gulf Stream region, Clim. Dyn., 1-17
  78. Pohlmann, H., D. Smith, M. A. Balmaseda, N. S. Keenlyside, S. Masina, D. Matei, W. A. Müller, and P. Rogel, 2013: Predictability of the mid-latitude Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a multi-model system. Clim. Dyn., 41, 775-785
  79. Ba, J., N. Keenlyside, W. Park, M. Latif, E. Hawkins, and H. Ding, 2013: A mechanism for Atlantic multidecadal variability in the Kiel Climate Model. Clim. Dyn., 41, 2133-2144
  80. Ding, H., N. Keenlyside, and M. Latif (2012), Impact of the Equatorial Atlantic on the El Niño Southern OscillationClim. Dyn.38(9), 1965-1972.
  81. Meng, Q., M. Latif, W. Park, N. Keenlyside, V. Semenov, and T. Martin 2012: Twentieth century Walker Circulation change: data analysis and model experiments, Clim. Dyn.38(9), 1757-1773
  82. Hetzinger, S., J. Halfar, J. V. Mecking, N. S. Keenlyside, A. Kronz, R. S. Steneck, W. H. Adey, and P. A. Lebednik 2012: Marine proxy evidence linking decadal North Pacific and Atlantic climateClim. Dyn.39, 1447-1455
  83. Champion, A. J., K. I. Hodges, L. O. Bengtsson, N. S. Keenlyside, and M. Esch, 2011: Impact of increasing resolution and a warmer climate on extreme weather from Northern Hemisphere extratropical cyclones. Tellus, 63, 893-906.
  84. Bengtsson, L., K. I. Hodges, S. Koumoutsaris, M. Zahn, and N. Keenlyside, 2011: The changing atmospheric water cycle in Polar Regions in a warmer climate. Tellus, 63, 907-920.
  85. Bader, J., M. D. S. Mesquita, K. I. Hodges, N. Keenlyside, S. Østerhus, and M. Miles, 2011: A review on Northern Hemisphere sea-ice, storminess and the North Atlantic Oscillation: Observations and projected changes. Atmos. Res., 101, 809-834.
  86. Latif, M. and N. S. Keenlyside, 2011: A perspective on decadal climate variability and predictability. Deep Sea Research, 58, 1880-1894.
  87. Hawkins, E., J. Robson, R. Sutton, D. Smith, and N. Keenlyside, 2011: Evaluating the potential for statistical decadal predictions of sea surface temperatures with a perfect model approach. Clim. Dyn., 1-15.
  88. Tozuka, T., T. Doi, T. Miyasaka, N. Keenlyside, and T. Yamagata, 2011: Key factors in simulating the equatorial Atlantic zonal sea surface temperature gradient in a coupled general circulation model. JGR Oce., 116.
  89. Wahl, S., M. Latif, W. Park, and N. Keenlyside, 2009: On the Tropical Atlantic SST warm bias in the Kiel Climate ModelClim. Dyn., 36, 891-906
  90. Keenlyside, N. S., and J. Ba, 2010: Prospects for decadal climate prediction, WIRES, 1, 627-635
  91. Semenov, V. A., M. Latif, D. Dommenget, N. S. Keenlyside, A. Strehz, T. Martin, and W. Park, 2010: The Impact of North Atlantic-Arctic Multidecadal Variability on Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature. J. Clim., 23, 5668-5677.
  92. Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside, and M. Latif, 2010: Equatorial Atlantic interannual variability: the role of heat content, JGR Oce., 115, C09020
  93. Lübbecke, J. F., C. W. Böning, N. S. Keenlyside, and S.-P. Xie, 2010: On the connection between Benguela and Equatorial Atlantic Niños and the role of the South Atlantic Anticyclone, JGR Oce., 115, C09015
  94. Lan, Y. Y., B. J. Tsuang, N. Keenlyside, S. L. Wang, C. T. A. Chen, B.J. Wang, and T.H Liu, 2010: Error estimations of dry deposition velocities of air pollutants using bulk sea surface temperature under common assumptions. Atm. Env., 44, 2532-2542
  95. Weisheimer, A., F.J. Doblas-Reyes, T.N. Palmer, A. Alessandri, A. Arribas, M. Deque, N. Keenlyside, M. MacVean, A. Navarra, and P. Rogel, 2009: ENSEMBLES - a new multi-model ensemble for seasonal-to-annual predictions: Skill and progress beyond DEMETER in forecasting tropical Pacific SSTs, GRL, 36, L21711
  96. Meehl, G. A., L. Goddard, J. Murphy, R. J. Stouffer, G. Boer, G. Danabasoglu, K. Dixon, M. A. Giorgetta, A. Greene, E. Hawkins, G. Hegerl, D. Karoly, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, B. Kirtman, A. Navarra, R. Pulwarty, D. Smith, D. Stammer, & T. Stockdale, 2009: Decadal Prediction: Can it be skillful? BAMS, 90, 1467-1485
  97. Doblas-Reyes, F. J., A. Weisheimer, M. Déqué, N. Keenlyside, M. McVean, J. Murphy, P. Rogel, D. Smith, T. N. Palmer, 2009: Addressing model uncertainty in seasonal and annual dynamical ensemble forecasts, QJRMS, 135, 1538 - 1559
  98. Latif, M., W. Park, H. Ding, and N. Keenlyside, 2009: Internal and External North Atlantic Sector Variability in the Kiel Climate Model, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 18, 433-443
  99. Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside, and M. Latif 2009: Seasonal cycle in the upper equatorial Atlantic Ocean, JGR., 114, C09016, doi:10.1029/2009JC005418
  100. Hodson, D. L. R., R. T. Sutton, C. Cassou, N. Keenlyside, Y. Okumura, and T. Zhou, 2009: Climate impacts of recent multidecadal changes in Atlantic Ocean Sea Surface Temperature: A Multimodel comparison. Clim. Dyn., DOI  - 10.1007/s00382-009-0571-2
  101. Zhou, T., R. Yu, J. Zhang, H. Drange, C. Cassou, C. Deser, D. L. R. Hodson, E. Sanchez-Gomez , J. Li, N. Keenlyside, X. Xin, Y. Okumura, 2009: Why the Western Pacific Subtropical High has Extended Westward since the Late 1970s?, J. Clim., 22, 2199–2215
  102. Bengtsson, L., K. I. Hodges, and N. Keenlyside, 2009: Will extra-tropical storms intensify in a warmer climate? J. Climate, 22, 2276–2301
  103. Jansen, M. F., D. Dommenget, N. S. Keenlyside,2009: Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions in a Conceptual Framework, J. Clim., 22, 550–567
  104. Park, W., N. S. Keenlyside, M. Latif, A. Stroeh, R. Redler, E. Roeckner, G. Madec, 2009: Tropical Pacific Climate and its Response to Global Warming in the Kiel Climate Model, J. Clim., 22 (1), 71-92
  105. Latif, M. and N. S. Keenlyside, 2009: El Niño/Southern Oscillation Response to Global Warming, PNAS, 20578-20583
  106. Sanchez-Gomez, E., C. Cassou, D. L. R. Hodson, N. Keenlyside, Y. Okmura, and T. Zhou, 2008: Multi-model signature of the Indian and Western Pacific oceans warming in the occurrence of the North Atlantic weather regimes, GRL., 35, L15706
  107. Keenlyside, N. S., M. Latif, J. Jungclaus, L. Kornblueh, and E. Roeckner, 2008: Advancing Decadal-Scale Climate Prediction in the North Atlantic Sector. Nature, 453, 84-88
  108. Matei, D., N. S. Keenlyside, M. Latif, and J. Jungclaus, 2008: Subtropical Forcing of Tropical Pacific Climate and Decadal ENSO Modulation. J. Climate, 21, 4691-4709
  109. Hetzinger, S., M. Pfeiffer, W.-C. Dullo, N.S. Keenlyside, M. Latif, and J. Zinke, 2008: Caribbean Brain Coral Tracks Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and Past Hurricane Intensity. Geology, 36, 11-14
  110. Bengtsson, L., K. I. Hodges, M. Esch, N. S. Keenlyside, L. Kornblueh, J.-J. Luo and T. Yamagata, 2007: How may Tropical Cyclones Change in a Warmer Climate? Tellus, 59A, 539-561
  111. Keenlyside, N., M. Latif, A. Dürkop, 2007: On Sub-ENSO variability. J. Clim., 20, 3452–3469
  112. Latif, M., N. Keenlyside, and J. Bader, 2007: Tropical Sea Surface Temperature, Vertical Wind Shear, and Hurricane Development, GRL, 34, L01710
  113. Keenlyside, N., and M. Latif, 2007: Understanding Equatorial Atlantic Interannual Variability, J. Clim., 20, 131-142
  114. Latif, M. M. Collins, H. Pohlmann, and N. Keenlyside, 2006: A Review of Predictability Studies of Atlantic Sector Climate on Decadal Time Scales, J. Clim., 19, 5971–5987
  115. Latif, M., C. Böning, J. Willebrand, A. Biastoch, J. Dengg, N. Keenlyside, and U. Schweckendiek, G. Madec, 2006: Is the Thermohaline Circulation Changing?, J. Clim., 19, 4631-4637
  116. Jungclaus, J. H., N. Keenlyside, M. Botzet, H. Haak, J.-J. Luo, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, U. Mikolajewicz, and E. Roeckner, 2006: Ocean Circulation and Tropical Variability in the Coupled Model ECHAM5/MPI-OM, J. Clim., 19, 3952-3972
  117. Wetzel, P., E. Maier-Reimer, M. Botzet, J. Jungclaus, N. Keenlyside, and M. Latif, 2006: Effects of Ocean Biology on the Penetrative Radiation in a Coupled Climate Model, J. Clim., 19, 3973-3987
  118. Zhang, R.-H., S. E. Zebiak, R. Kleeman, and N. Keenlyside, 2005: Retrospective El Niño hindcasts/forecasts using an improved intermediate coupled model, Mon. Weath. Rev., 133, 2777-2802
  119. Keenlyside, N., M. Latif, M. Botzet, J. Jungclaus, and U. Schulzweida, 2005:A coupled method for initialising ENSO forecasts using SST, Tellus, 57A, 340-356
  120. Zhang, R.-H., R. Kleeman, S. E. Zebiak, N. Keenlyside, and S. Raynaud, 2005: An empirical parameterization of subsurface entrainment temperature for improved SST anomaly simulations in an intermediate ocean model, J. Clim., 18(2), 350-371
  121. Palmer, T.N., A. Alessandri, U. Andersen, P. Cantelaube, M. Davey, P. Délécluse, M. Déqué, E. Díez, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, H. Feddersen, R. Graham, S. Gualdi, J.-F. Guérémy, R. Hagedorn, M. Hoshen, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, A. Lazar, E. Maisonnave, V. Marletto, A. P. Morse, B. Orfila, P. Rogel, J.-M. Terres and M. C. Thomson, 2004: Development of a European multimodel ensemble for seasonal-to-interannual prediction (DEMETER), BAMS, 85(6), 853-872
  122. Zhang, R.-H., S. E. Zebiak, R. Kleeman, and N. Keenlyside, 2003: A new intermediate coupled model for El Niño simulation and prediction, GRL, 30, 2012, doi:10.1029/2003GL018010
  123. Keenlyside, N., and R. Kleeman, 2002: Annual cycle of equatorial zonal currents in the Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (8), 10.1029/2000JC000711
  124. Arif, I., I. A. Newman, and N. Keenlyside, 1995: Theoretical paper: Proton flux measurements from tissues in buffered solution, Plant, Cell and Environment, 18,1319-1324 

Book chapters (peer reviewed)

Non-peer-reviewed publications

  • Ogawa, F. N.-E. Omrani, H. Nakamura, K. Nishii, N. Keenlyside, 2017: Impact of Oceanic Front on the Tropospheric Climatic Trend Induced by Ozone Depletion, CLIVAR Exchanges, 71, 37-42
  • Keenlyside, N. and D. Dommenget, 2016: The Fingerprint of Global Warming in the Tropical Pacific. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 33, 533-534.
  • Peings, Y., G. Magnusdottir, N.-E. Omrani, and N. Keenlyside, 2014, Can high latitude boundary forcings (ocean-ice-snow) improve predictability on seasonal and decadal time scales? Clivar Variations Newsletter, 12 (3), 18-23
  • Keenlyside, N. and N.-E. Omrani, 2014: Has a warm North Atlantic contributed to recent European cold winters? Environmental Research Letters, 9, 061001.
  • Keenlyside, N. S., 2011: Commentary on "Validation and forecasting accuracy in models of climate change". International Journal of Forecasting, 27, 1000-1003.
  • Murphy, J., V. Kattsov, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, J. Meehl, V. Mehta, H. Pohlmann, A. Scaife, D. Smith, 2009: Towards Prediction of Decadal Climate Variability and Change, White paper for World Climate Conference - 3
  • Hurrell, J., T. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, H. Drange, S. Griffies, N. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, G. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. Trenberth, and J.Tribbia, 2009, Decadal Climate Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges, Community White Papers for OceanObs'09
  • Latif, M., T. Delworth, D. Dommenget, H. Drange, W. Hazeleger, J. Hurrell, N. Keenlyside, G. Meehl, and R. Sutton, 2009: Dynamics of Decadal Climate Variability and Implications for its Prediction, Community White Papers for OceanObs'09
  • N. Keenlyside, 2009: Clean air policy and Arctic warming, Nature Geosciences (News & Views), 2, 243 - 244
  • N. Keenlyside, N. Omrani, K. Krüger, M. Latif and A. Scaife, 2008: Decadal predictability: How might the stratosphere be involved? SPARC Newsletter 31, 23-27
  • Latif, M. M. Collins, R. J. Stouffer, H. Pohlmann, and N. Keenlyside, 2004: The physical basis for prediction of Atlantic sector climate on decadal timescales, CLIVAR Exchanges 9, 6-8


2011 - Professor, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen

2014 - Adjunct position, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center 

2008-2013 Head, Emmy Noether Research Group, IFM-GEOMAR/GFI

2005-2008 Research Scientist, IFM-GEOMAR

2003-2005 Postdoctoral fellow, IFM-GEOMAR (formerly IFM), University of Kiel

2001-2003 Postdoctoral fellow, Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg

1997-2001 Tutor, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Monash University


1997-2001  Doctor of Philosophy, Monash University, Australia

1996 First Class Honours in Physics, University of Tasmania

1992-1995   Bachelor of Science (Physics and Mathematics), University of Tasmania


2015 ERC Consolidator Grant

2007 Fellow in the Emmy Noether Program of the DFG (German Research Foundation)

2006 NORBERT GERBIER - MUMM International Award


2019-2023, EU H2020, South and Tropical Atlantic Climate-Based Marine Ecosystem Prediction for Sustainable Management (TRIATLAS)

2018-2023, Trond Mohn Foundation, Bjerknes Climate Prediction Unit

2015-2021, ERC Consolidator Grant, Synchronisation to enhance reliability of climate prediction (STERCP)

2016-2020, NordForsk, Arctic Climate Predictions - Pathways to Resilient, Sustainable Societies (ARCPATH)

2016-2021, EU H2020, Blue-Action: Arctic Impact on Weather and Climate

2020-2023, JPI Climate JPI Oceans, The Role of Ocean Dynamics and Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions in Driving Climate Variations and Future Projections of Impact-Relevant Extreme Events (ROADMAP)

2020-2023, JPI Climate JPI Oceans, Improving the representation of small-scale nonlinear ocean-atmosphere interactions in Climate Models by an innovative joint observing and modelling approaches (EUREC4AOA)

2020-2023, Belmont Forum, Rapid Arctic environmental Changes: implications for well-being, resilience and Evolution of Arctic communities (RACE)

Previous (selected)

2016-2019, JPI Climate, The potential of seasonal-to-decadal-scale inter-regional linkages to advance climate predictions

2014-2016 NordForsk TRI, Impact of Future Cryospheric Changes on Northern Hemisphere. Climate, Green Growth and Society (GREENICE)

2013-2017 NFR, Enhancing seasonal-to-decadal Prediction Of Climate for the North Atlantic Sector and Arctic (EPOCASA)

2014-2017 EU FP7, Enhancing prediction of Tropical Atlantic climate and its impacts (PREFACE)

2008-2013 Emmy Noether research group funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG): "Mechanisms and predictability of North Atlantic Decadal Climate variability"


Research groups