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Ole Frithjof Norheim's picture

Ole Frithjof Norheim

Professor, Director BCEPS
  • E-mailOle.Norheim@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 61 45
  • Visitor Address
    Overlege Danielsens Hus, 4th floor
    Årstadveien 21
    5020 Bergen
    Room 
    444
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7804
    5020 Bergen

 

  1. Norheim OF. Priority Setting on the Path to UHC: Time for Stronger Institutions and Stronger Health Systems: Response to Recent Commentaries. Int J Health Policy Manag2019; 8(8): 511-3.
  2. Berhane Defaye F, Danis M, Wakim P, Berhane Y, Norheim OF, Miljeteig I. Bedside Rationing Under Resource Constraints-A National Survey of Ethiopian Physicians' Use of Criteria for Priority Setting. AJOB Empir Bioeth2019; 10(2): 125-35.
  3. Memirie ST, Tolla MT, Desalegn D, et al. Norheim OF* A cost-effectiveness analysis of maternal and neonatal health interventions in Ethiopia. Health Policy Plan2019; 34(4): 289-97.
  4. Miljeteig I, Defaye FB, Wakim P, et al. Financial risk protection at the bedside: How Ethiopian physicians try to minimize out-of-pocket health expenditures. PLoS One2019; 14(2): e0212129.
  5. GBD 2017 SDG Collaborators.* Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2018:392, 2091-2138.
  6. Verguet S, Feldhaus I, Jiang Kwete X, et al. Norheim OF* Health system modelling research: towards a whole-health-system perspective for identifying good value for money investments in health system strengthening. BMJ Glob Health2019; 4(2): e001311.
  7. Kruk ME, Gage AD, Arsenault C, et al. Norheim OF* High-quality health systems in the Sustainable Development Goals era: time for a revolution. Lancet Glob Health 2018 Sep 5. pii: S2214-109X(18)30386-3. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30386-3.
  1. Tranvåg EJ, Norheim OF, Ottersen T. Clinical decision making in cancer care: a review of current and future roles of patient age. BMC Cancer 2018; 18(1): 546.
  2. Ottersen T, Grépin KA, Henderson K, Pinkstaff CB, Norheim OF, Røttingen JA. New approaches to ranking countries for the allocation of development assistance for health: choices, indicators and implications. Health Policy Plan 2018; 33(suppl_1): i31-i46.
  3. Grépin KA, Pinkstaff CB, Hole AR, et al. Norheim OF* Allocating external financing for health: a discrete choice experiment of stakeholder preferences. Health Policy Plan 2018; 33(suppl_1): i24-i30.
  4. Norheim OF. Disease control priorities third edition is published: a theory of change is needed for translating evidence to health policy. International Journal of Health Policy and Management 2018; 7(9): 771-7.
  5. Wester G, Bærøe K, Norheim OF. Towards theoretically robust evidence on health equity: a systematic approach to contextualising equity-relevant randomised controlled trials. J Med Ethics 2018.
  6. Loaiza OR, Morales S, Norheim OF, Wilson BM. Revisiting Health Rights Litigation and Access to Medications in Costa Rica: Preliminary Evidence from the Cochrane Collaboration Reform. Health Hum Rights 2018; 20(1): 79-91.
  7. Skaftun EK, Verguet S, Norheim OF, Johansson KA. Geographic health inequalities in Norway: a Gini analysis of cross-county differences in mortality from 1980 to 2014. Int J Equity Health 2018; 17(1): 64.
  8. Jamison DT, Alwan A, Mock CN, et al. Norheim OF*Universal health coverage and intersectoral action for health: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition. Lancet 2018: Mar 17;391(10125):1108-1120. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32906-9
  9. Solberg CT, Norheim OF, Barra M. The disvalue of death in the global burden of disease. J Med Ethics 2018 Mar;44(3):192-198. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2017-104365.
  10. Welch VA, Norheim OF, Jull J, Cookson R, Sommerfelt H, Tugwell P; CONSORT-Equity and Boston Equity Symposium. CONSORT-Equity 2017 extension and elaboration for better reporting of health equity in randomised trials. BMJ. 2017 Nov 23;359:j5085. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j5085.
  11. GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.*Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. 2017;390(10100):1345-422.
  12. GBD 2016 DALYs and HALE Collaborators.*Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. 2017;390(10100):1260-344.
  13. GBD 2016 Mortality Collaborators.*Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. 2017;390(10100):1084-150.
  14. GBD 2016 SDG Collaborators.Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. 2017;390(10100):1423-59.
  15. Cookson R, Mirelman AJ, Griffin S, Asaria M, Dawkins B, Norheim OF, et al. Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Address Health Equity Concerns. Value Health. 2017;20(2):206-12.
  16. Hernæs UJV, Johansson KA, Ottersen T, Norheim OF. Distribution-Weighted Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Using Lifetime Health Loss. Pharmacoeconomics. 2017.
  17. Lindemark F, Haaland Ø, Kvåle R, Flaatten H, Norheim OF, Johansson KA. Costs and expected gain in lifetime health from intensive care versus general ward care of 30,712 individual patients: a distribution-weighted cost-effectiveness analysis. Crit Care. 2017;21(1):220.
  18. Mazumder S, Taneja S, Dalpath SK, Gupta R, Dube B, Sinha B, et al. Norheim OF*Impact of community-initiated Kangaroo Mother Care on survival of low birth weight infants: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2017;18(1):262.
  19. Ngalesoni F, Ruhago G, Mayige M, Oliveira TC, Robberstad B, Norheim OF, et al. Cost-effectiveness analysis of population-based tobacco control strategies in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in Tanzania. PLoS One. 2017;12(8):e0182113.
  20. Tolla MT, Norheim OF, Verguet S, Bekele A, Amenu K, Abdisa SG, Johansson KA. Out-of-pocket expenditures for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in general and specialised cardiac hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional cohort study. BMJ Glob Health 2017;2:e000280. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000280
  21. Memirie ST, Metaferia ZS, Norheim OF, Levin CE, Verguet S, Johansson KA. Household expenditures on pneumonia and diarrhoea treatment in Ethiopia: a facility-based study. BMJ Glob Health. 2017 Jan 18;2(1):e000166. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000166.
  22. Kinge JM, Sælensminde K, Dieleman J, Vollset SE, Norheim OF. Economic losses and burden of disease by medical conditions in Norway.Health Policy. 2017 Apr 7. pii: S0168-8510(17)30096-9. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2017.03.020. [Epub ahead of print]
  23. Rumbold B, Baker R, Ferraz O, Hawkes S, Krubiner C, Littlejohns P, Norheim OF, Pegram T, Rid A, Venkatapuram S, Voorhoeve A, Wang D, Weale A, Wilson J, Yamin AE, Hunt P. Universal health coverage, priority setting, and the human right to health. Lancet 2017 Apr 26. pii: S0140-6736(17)30931-5. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30931-5.
  24. Ottersen T, Førde R, Kakad M, Kjellevold A, Melberg HO, Moen A, Ringard Å, Norheim OF. A new proposal for priority setting in Norway: Open and fair. Health Policy. 2016 Mar;120(3):246-51. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2016.01.012. Epub 2016 Jan 18.
  25. Memirie, S.T, Verguet S, Norheim OF, Levin C, Johansson KA: Inequalities in utilization of maternal and child health services in Ethiopia: the role of primary health care. BMC Health Serv Res 2016: 16: 51.
  26. Mori, AT, Norheim OF, Robberstad B. Budget Impact Analysis of Using Dihydroartemisinin-Piperaquine to Treat Uncomplicated Malaria in Children in Tanzania. Pharmacoeconomics2016 34(3): 303-314.
  27. Ngalesoni, FN, Ruhago GM, Mori AT, Robberstad B, Norheim OF. Cost-effectiveness of medical primary prevention strategies to reduce absolute risk of cardiovascular disease in Tanzania: a Markov modelling study. BMC Health Serv Res 2016 16: 185.
  28. Ngalesoni, FN, Ruhago GM, Mori AT, Robberstad B, Norheim OF. Equity impact analysis of medical approaches to cardiovascular diseases prevention in Tanzania. Soc Sci Med 2016: Dec;170:208-217. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.033
  29. Norheim, OF. Ethical priority setting for universal health coverage: challenges in deciding upon fair distribution of health services. BMC Med 2016: 14: 75.
  30. Tolla MT, Norheim OF, Memirie ST, Abdisa SG, Ababulgu A, Jerene D, Bertram M, Strand K, Verguet S, Johansson KA. Prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in Ethiopia: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Cost Eff Resour Alloc 2016:14: 10.
  31. Verguet S, Memirie ST, Norheim OF. Assessing the burden of medical impoverishment by cause: a systematic breakdown by disease in Ethiopia. BMC Med 2016: 14(1): 164.
  32. Norheim OF, Jha P, Admasu K, Godal T, Hum TJ, Kruk M, Gómez-Dantés O, Mathers CD, Pan H, Sepúlveda J, Suraweera W, Verguet S, Woldemariam AT, Yamey G, Jamison DT, Peto R. Avoiding 40% of the premature deaths in each country, 2010–30: review of national mortality trends to help quantify the UN Sustainable Development Goal for health. Lancet 2015; 385(January 17):239-52.
  33. Norheim OF, Jha P, Admasu K, Jamison DT, Peto R. A premature mortality target for the SDG for health is ageist - Authors' reply. Lancet. 2015 May 30;385(9983):2148-9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61017-0.
  34. GBD 2013 Risk Factors Collaborators*. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015 Sep 10. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00128-2.
  35. Defaye FB, Desalegn D, Danis M, Hurst S, Berhane Y, Norheim OF, Miljeteig I. A survey of Ethiopian physicians' experiences of bedside rationing: extensive resource scarcity, tough decisions and adverse consequences. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015 Oct 14;15:467. doi: 10.1186/s12913-015-1131-6.
  36. Lawler PR, Norheim OF. Clinical Practice Guidelines as Instruments for Sound Health Care Priority Setting. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Aug 14. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.07.076.
  37. GBD 2013 DALYs and HALE Collaborators*. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition. Lancet. 2015 Aug 27. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61340-X. [Epub ahead of print]
  38. Ruhago GM, Ngalesoni FN, Robberstad B, Norheim OF. Cost-effectiveness of live oral attenuated human rotavirus vaccine in Tanzania. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2015 Apr 28;13:7. doi: 10.1186/s12962-015-0033-0. eCollection 2015.
  39. Asada Y, Hurley J, Norheim OF, Johri M. Unexplained health inequality - is it unfair? Int J Equity Health. 2015 Jan 31;14(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s12939-015-0138-2.
  40. Voorhoeve A, Ottersen T, Norheim OF. Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: a précis. Health Econ Policy Law. 2015 Feb 10:1-7.
  41. Voorhoeve A, Ottersen T, Norheim OF. Response to our critics. Health Econ Policy Law. 2015 Jan 30:1-9.
  42. Norheim OF, Wilson BM. Health Rights Litigation and Access to Medicines: Priority Classification of Successful Cases from Costa Rica's Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court. Health Hum Rights. 2014 Dec 11;16(2):E47-61.
  43. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators.* Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015 Jan 10;385(9963):117-71.
  44. Onarheim KH, Taddesse M, Norheim OF, Abdullah M, Miljeteig I. Towards universal health coverage for reproductive health services in Ethiopia: two policy recommendations. Int J Equity Health. 2015 Sep 30;14(1):86.
  45. GBD 2013 Risk Factors Collaborators.* Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015 Sep 10.
  46. GBD 2013 DALYs and HALE Collaborators.* Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition. Lancet. 2015 Aug 27. doi:
  47. Ruhago GM, Ngalesoni FN, Robberstad B, Norheim OF. Cost-effectiveness of live oral attenuated human rotavirus vaccine in Tanzania. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2015 Apr 28;13:7.
  48. Asada Y, Hurley J, Norheim OF, Johri M. Unexplained health inequality - is it unfair? Int J Equity Health. 2015 Jan 31;14(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s12939-015-0138-2.
  49. Peto R, Lopez A, Norheim OF. Halving Premature Death (Editorial). Science 2014; 345: 1272.
  50. Yamin AE, Norheim OF. Taking equality seriously: applying human rights frameworks to priority setting in health. Human Rights Quarterly, Volume 36, Number 2, May 2014, pp. 296-324.
  51. Verguet S, Norheim OF, Olson ZD, Yamey G, Jamison DT. Annual rates of decline in child, maternal, HIV, and tuberculosis mortality across 109 countries of low and middle income from 1990 to 2013: an assessment of the feasibility of post-2015 goals. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 Dec;2(12)
  52. Asada Y, Hurley J, Norheim OF, Johri M. A three-stage approach to measuring health inequalities and inequities. Int J Equity Health. 2014 Nov 1;13:98.
  53. Mori AT, Ngalesoni F, Norheim OF, Robberstad B. Cost-effectiveness of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine compared with artemether-lumefantrine for treating uncomplicated malaria in children at a district hospital in Tanzania. Malar J. 2014 Sep 15;13:363.
  54. Hernæs UJ, Andersen JR, Norheim OF, Våge V. Work Participation Among the Morbidly Obese Seeking Bariatric Surgery: An Exploratory Study from Norway. Obes Surg. 2014 Jul 1.
  55. Skaftun EK, Ali M, Norheim OF. Understanding inequalities in child health in Ethiopia: health achievements are improving in the period 2000-2011. PLoS One. 2014 Aug 28;9(8):e106460.
  56. Lindemark F, Norheim OF, Johansson KA. Making use of equity sensitive QALYs: a case study on identifying the worse off across diseases. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2014 Jul 23;12:16.
  57. Norheim OF, Baltussen R, Johri M, Chisholm D, Nord E, Brock D, Carlsson P, Cookson R, Daniels N, Danis M, Fleurbaey M, Johansson KA, Kapiriri L, Littlejohns P, Mbeeli T, Rao KD, Edejer TT, Wikler D.. Guidance on priority setting in health care (GPS-Health): the inclusion of equity criteria not captured by cost-effectiveness analysis. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014; 12:18.
  58. Laxminarayan R, Jamison DT, Krupnick AJ, Norheim OF. Valuing vaccines using value of statistical life measures. Vaccine 2014: 32: 5065-5070.
  59. Murray CJ, Ortblad KF, Guinovart C, Lim SS, Wolock TM, et al. Norheim OF* Global, regional, and national incidence and mortality for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet 2014, Published online July 22, 2014.
  60. Kassebaum NJ, Bertozzi-Villa A, Coggeshall MS, Shackelford KA, Steiner C, et al. Norheim OF  Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet 2014, Published online May 2, 2014.
  61. Ngalesoni F, Ruhago G, Norheim OF, Robberstad B. Economic cost of primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in Tanzania. Health Policy Plan 2014, Published online August 11, 2014.
  62. Ottersen T, Norheim OF, for the World Health Organization Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage. Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage. Bull World Health Organ 2014;92: 389.
  63. Norheim OF. A grand convergence in mortality is possible: comment on Global Health 2035. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2014 Jan 9;2(1):1-3.
  64. Yaya Y, Eide KT, Norheim OF, Lindtjørn B. Maternal and neonatal mortality in South-west Ethiopia: estimates and socio-economic inequality. PLoS One. 2014 Apr 30;9(4):e96294.
  65. Ottersen T, Mæstad O, Norheim OF. Lifetime QALY prioritarianism in priority setting: quantification of the inherent trade-off. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2014 Jan 14;12(1):2. doi: 10.1186/1478-7547-12-2. PMID: 24418267
  66. Mori AT, Kaale EA, Ngalesoni F, Norheim OF, Robberstad B. The role of evidence in the decision-making process of selecting essential medicines in developing countries: the case of Tanzania. PLoS One. 2014 Jan 8;9(1):e84824. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084824. PMID: 24416293
  67. Baltussen R, Mikkelsen E, Tromp N, Hurtig A, Byskov J, Olsen O, Bærøe K, Hontelez JA, Singh J, Norheim OF. Balancing efficiency, equity and feasibility of HIV treatment in South Africa - development of programmatic guidance. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2013 Oct 9;11(1):26. doi: 10.1186/1478-7547-11-26. PMID: 24107435
  68. Robberstad B, Askildsen JE, Norheim OF. [Does budget consequences control Norwegian reimbursement priorities?]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Sep 17;133(17):1841-3. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.13.0215. Norwegian. PMID: 24042299
  69. Tranvåg EJ, Ali M, Norheim OF. Health inequalities in Ethiopia: modeling inequalities in length of life within and between population groups. Int J Equity Health. 2013 Jul 11;12(1):52.
  70. Norheim OF. Atkinson’s index applied to health: can measures of economic inequality help us understand trade-offs in health care priority setting? In: Eyal N, Hurst S, Norheim OF, Wikler D, (eds). Inequalities in health: concepts, measures, and ethics. New York: Oxford University Press; 2013.
  71. Eyal N, Hurst S, Norheim OF, Wikler D. Introduction. In: Eyal N, Hurst S, Norheim OF, Wikler D, (eds). Inequalities in health: concepts, measures, and ethics. New York: Oxford University Press; 2013.
  72. Strømme EM, Baerøe K, Norheim OF. Disease Control Priorities for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Lessons from Priority Ranking Based on the Quality of Evidence, Cost Effectiveness, Severity of Disease, Catastrophic Health Expenditures, and Loss of Productivity. Dev World Bioeth. 2013 May 31. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12016. [Epub ahead of print]
  73. Miljeteig I, Skrede S, Langørgen J, Haaverstad R, Jøsendal O, Sjursen H, Norheim OF. Should patients who use illicit drugs be offered a second heart-valve replacement [in  Norwegian]? Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 May 7;133(9):977-80. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.12.0779. English, Norwegian.
  74. Ruhago GM, Ngalesoni FN, Norheim OF. Addressing inequity to achieve the maternal and child health millennium development goals: looking beyond averages. BMC Public Health. 2012 Dec 27;12(1):1119.
  75. Norheim OF. Priority setting: the importance of incorporating opportunity costs. Isr J Health Policy Res. 2012 Nov 26;1(1):45.
  76. Carlsen B, Hole AR, Kolstad JR, Norheim OF. When you can't have the cake and eat it too: a study of medical doctors' priorities in complex choice situations. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Dec;75(11):1964-73.
  77. Mæstad O, Norheim OF. A universal preference for equality in health? Reasons to reconsider properties of applied social welfare functions. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Nov;75(10):1836-43.
  78. Shayo EH, Norheim OF, Mboera LE, Byskov J, Maluka S, Kamuzora P, Blystad A. Challenges to fair decision-making processes in the context of health care services: a qualitative assessment from Tanzania. Int J Equity Health. 2012 Jun 7;11:30.
  79. Johri M, Norheim OF. Can cost-effectiveness analysis integrate concerns for equity? Systematic review. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2012 Apr;28(2):125-32.
  80. Onarheim KH, Tessema S, Johansson KA, Eide KT, Norheim OF, Miljeteig I. Prioritizing child health interventions in Ethiopia: modeling impact on child mortality, life expectancy and inequality in age at death. PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e41521.
  81. Wisløff T, Selmer RM, Halvorsen S, Fretheim A, Norheim OF, Kristiansen IS. Choice of generic antihypertensive drugs for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease - A cost-effectiveness analysis. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2012 Apr 4;12:26.
  82. Fretheim A, Odgaard-Jensen J, Brørs O, Madsen S, Njølstad I, Norheim OF, Svilaas A, Kristiansen IS, Thürmer H, Flottorp S. Comparative effectiveness of antihypertensive medication for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and multiple treatments meta-analysis. BMC Med. 2012 Apr 5;10(1):33.
  83. Norheim OF, Gjelsvik B, Klemsdal TO, Madsen S, Narvesen S, Negård A, et al. Norway’s new principles for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: age differentiated risk thresholds. BMJ. 2011;342:d3626.
  84. Baerøe K, Norheim OF. Mapping out structural features in clinical care calling for ethical sensitivity: a theoretical approach to promote ethical competence in healthcare personnel and clinical ethical support services (CESS). Bioethics. 2011 Sep;25(7):394-402.
  85. Eide A, Haffeld J, Norheim OF. Health as a human right. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2011 Oct 18;131(20):2029-31.
  86. Bærøe K, Ottersen T, Eide K, Engjom H, Johansson KA, Miljeteig I, Onarheim KH, Norheim OF. Priorities in global health. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2011 Sep 6;131(17):1667-9.
  87. Johansson KA, Norheim OF. Problems With Prioritization: Exploring Ethical Solutions to Inequalities in HIV Care. The American Journal of Bioethics, 2011:12, 32-40.
  88. Ruhago GM, Mujinja PG, Norheim OF. Equity implications of coverage and use of insecticide treated nets distributed for free or with co-payment in two districts in Tanzania: A cross-sectional comparative household survey. Int J Equity Health. 2011;10:29.
  89. Johansson KA, Miljeteig I, Kigwangalla H, Norheim OF. HIV priorities and health distributions in a rural region in Tanzania: a qualitative study. J Med Ethics. 2011 Apr;37(4):221-6.
  90. Baltussen R, Norheim OF, Johri M. Fairness in service choice: an important yet underdeveloped path to universal coverage (Editorial). Trop Med Int Health. 2011: Apr 1.
  91. Robberstad B, Norheim OF. Incorporating concerns for equal lifetime health in evaluations of public health programs. Soc Sci Med. 2011 May;72(10):1711-6.
  92. Cappelen AW, Norheim OF, Tungodden B. Disability compensation and responsibility. Politics, Philosophy & Economics 2010; 9(4): 411-27.
  93. Miljeteig I, Johansson KA, Sayeed SA, Norheim OF.End-of-life decisions as bedside rationing. An ethical analysis of life support restrictions in an Indian neonatal unit. J Med Ethics. 2010 Aug;36(8):473-8.
  94. Norheim OF. Gini Impact Analysis: Measuring Pure Health Inequity before and after Interventions. Public Health Ethics, 2010 3 (3): 282-292.
  95. Norheim, OF. Priority to the young or to those with least lifetime health? Am J Bioeth, 2010. 10(4): p. 60-1.
  96. Johansson, KA, Robberstad B, Norheim OF. Further benefits by early start of HIV treatment in low income countries: A meta-analysis and survival estimates of early versus deferred antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Research and Therapy, 2010. 7(3).
  97. Sofaer N, Kapiriri L, Atuyambe LM, Otolok-Tanga E, Norheim OF. Is the selection of patients for anti-retroviral treatment in Uganda fair? A qualitative study. Health Policy, 2009. 91(1): p. 33-42.
  98. Norheim, O.F. and Y. Asada, The ideal of equal health revisited: definitions and measures of inequity in health should be better integrated with theories of distributive justice. Int J Equity Health, 2009. 8: p. 40.
  99. Norheim OF. Implementing the Marmot Commission’s Recommendations: Social Justice Requires a Solution to the Equity–Efficiency Trade-Off. Public Health Ethics. Epub ahead of print 2009: doi: 10.1093/phe/php006
  100. Norheim OF. A note on Brock: prioritarianism, egalitarianism and the distribution of life years. J Med Ethics. 2009 Sep;35(9):565-9.
  101. Miljeteig I, Sayeed SA, Jesani A, Johansson KA, Norheim OF. Impact of ethics and economics on end-of-life decisions in an Indian neonatal unit. Pediatrics.2009 Aug;124(2):e322-8.
  102. Maestad O, Norheim OF. Eliciting people's preferences for the distribution of health: A procedure for a more precise estimation of distributional weights. J Health Econ. 2009 May;28(3):570-7.
  103. Johansson KA, Miljeteig I, Norheim OF. High-cost medicine--do we lack open and legitimate procedures for prioritising? Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2009 Jan 1;129(1):17-20.
  104. Kapiriri L, Norheim OF, Martin DK. Fairness and accountability for reasonableness. Do the views of priority setting decision makers differ across health systems and levels of decision making? Soc Sci Med. 2009.  Feb;68(4):766-73.
  105. Norheim OF. Clinical priority setting.  BMJ. 2008 Oct 9;337:a1846. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a1846
  106. Carlsen B, Norheim OF. "What lies beneath it all?"--an interview study of GPs' attitudes to the use of guidelines. BMC Health Serv Res. 2008 Oct 22;8:218.
  107. Miljeteig I, Johansson KA, Norheim OF. [Ethical choices in medically futile treatment] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008 Oct 9;128(19):2185-9. Norwegian.
  108. Fattah S, Norheim OF. [Seguro Popular--a health reform the the poorest] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2008 Aug 28;128(16):1860-3. Norwegian. No abstract available.
  109. Johansson KA, Jerene D, Norheim OF. National HIV treatment guidelines in Tanzania and Ethiopia: are they legitimate rationing tools? J Med Ethics. 2008 Jun;34(6):478-83.
  110. Cappelen AW, Norheim OF, Tungodden B. Genomics and equal opportunity ethics. J Med Ethics. 2008 May;34(5):361-4.
  111. Carlsen B, Aakvik A, Norheim OF. Variation in practice: a questionnaire survey of how congruence in attitudes between doctors and patients influences referral decisions. Med Decis Making. 2008 Mar-Apr;28(2):262-8.
  112. Makundi E, Kapiriri L, Norheim OF. Combining evidence and values in priority setting: testing the balance sheet method in a low-income country. BMC Health Serv Res. 2007 Sep 24;7(1):152.
  113. Ottersen T, Mbilinyi D, Maestad O, Norheim OF. Distribution matters: Equity considerations among health planners in Tanzania. Health Policy. 2007 Sep 6.
  114. Miljeteig I, Markestad T, Norheim OF. Physicians' use of guidelines and attitudes to withholding and withdrawing treatment for extremely premature neonates in Norway. Acta Paediatr. 2007 Jun;96(6):825-9.
  115. Robberstad B, Hemed Y, Norheim OF. Cost-effectiveness of medical interventions to prevent cardiovascular disease in a sub-Saharan African country--the case of Tanzania. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2007 Feb 22;5:3.
  116. Fattah S, Johnsen KH, Norheim OF. Life-prolonging treatment - an analysis of two cases. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2007; 127: 878-81. [Norwegian]
  117. Kapiriri L, Martin D, Norheim OF. Priority setting at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels in Canada, Norway and Uganda. Health Policy 2007; 82: 78–94.
  118. Norheim OF. Soft paternalism and the ethics of shared electronic patient records (Editorial). BMJ. 2006 Jul 1;333(7557):2-3.
  119. Miljeteig I, Norheim OF. “My job is to keep him alive, but what about his brother and sister?” How Indian doctors experience ethical dilemmas in neonatal medicine. Developing World Bioeth. 2006 Mar;6(1):23-32.
  120. Cappelen AW, Norheim OF. Responsibility, fairness and rationing in health care. Health Policy 2006; 76: 312-19.
  121. Norheim OF. Rights to specialized health care in Norway: a normative perspective. J Law Med Ethics. 2005 Winter;33(4):641-9.
  122. Carlsen B, Norheim OF. "Saying no is no easy matter": a qualitative study of competing concerns in rationing decisions in general practice. BMC Health Serv Res. 2005 Nov 9;5:70.
  123. Norheim OF. The role of formal outcome evaluations in health policy making: a normative perspective. In ter-Meulen, Biller-Andorno, Lenk, Lie (eds.) Evidence-based Practice in Medicine & Health Care. A Discussion of the Ethical Issues. Berlin: Springer 2005; 139-49.
  124. Olsen OE, Ndeki S, Norheim OF.  Human resources for emergency obstetric care in northern Tanzania: distribution of quantity or quality? Hum Resour Health 2005:3: 5.
  125. Cappelen AW, Norheim OF. Responsibility in health care: a liberal egalitarian approach. J Med Ethics 2005 31(8): 476-80.
  126. Norheim OF. Barriers against openness in healthcare priority setting. Tidsskrift for Norsk Velferdsforskning 2005; 15 (2): 34-42. [In Norwegian].
  127. Olsen OE, Ndeki S, Norheim OF. Availability, distribution and use of emergency obstetric care in northern Tanzania. Health Policy Plan. 2005 May;20(3):167-75.
  128. Lyngstadaas A, Ekanger R, Hagen B, Himmelmann A, Iversen OE, Iversen T, Nordal R, Norheim OF, Onsrud M, Tretli S, Trope C. Primary treatment of ovarian cancer. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2005 Feb 3;125(3):278-81. [in Norwegian]
  129. Kapiriri L, Norheim OF. Criteria for priority-setting in health care in Uganda: exploration of stakeholders' values. Bull World Health Organ. 2004. Mar;82(3):172-9.
  130. Olsen OE, Ndeki S, Norheim OF. Complicated deliveries, critical care and quality in emergency obstetric care in Northern Tanzania. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004 Oct;87(1):98-108.
  131. Carlsen B, Norheim OF. Hvordan påvirker fastlegeordningen legens skjønnsmessige avgjørelser? [in Norwegian] Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning 2004: 7 (1):33-47
  132. Kapiriri L, Robberstad B, Norheim OF. The relationship between prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV and stakeholder decision making in Uganda: Implications for health policy. Health policy 2003; 66 (2): 199-211.
  133. Kapiriri L, Arnesen TM, Norheim OF. Severity of disease or cost-effectiveness of treatment? An exploration of values held by Ugandan actors in priority setting in health. Cost-effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2004.Jan 8;2(1):1.
  134. Arnesen TM, Norheim OF. Quantifying quality of life for economic analysis - Time-out for Time trade-off. Medical Humanities2003 Dec;29(2):81-6.
  135. Norheim OF.Norway. In Chris Ham and Glen Robert (eds.) Reasonable Rationing. London: Open University Press 2003; Ch.
  136. Kapiriri L, Norheim OF, Heggenhougen K. Using burden of disease information for health planning in developing countries: the experience from Uganda, Social Science and Medicine 2003; 56: 2433-41.
  137. Kapiriri L, Norheim OF, Heggenhougen K. Public participation in health planning and priority setting at the district level in Uganda. Health Policy & Planning. 2003; 18: 205-213.
  138. Carlsen B, Norheim OF. Introduction of the patient-list system in general practice. Changes in Norwegian physicians' perception of their gatekeeper role. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2003 Dec;21(4):209-13.
  139. Norheim OF. How much does the society want to pay? [in Norwegian]Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2003 Feb 6;123(3):303.
  140. Norheim OF. The role of evidence in health policy making: a normative perspective. Health Care Analysis 2002; 10: 309-17.
  141. Kapiriri L, Norheim OF. Whose priorities count? Comparison of community identified health problems and burden of disease assessed health priorities in a district in Uganda. Health Expectations 2002; 5: 55-62.
  142. Norheim OF. Clinical guidelines. Health care rationing and accountability for reasonableness. In "Clinical Guidelines: Law, Policy and Practice” John Tingle and Charles Foster (eds), London: Cavendish Publ. 2002; 161-80.
  143. Norheim OF, Fougner J, Søreide O, Storm-Mathisen I, Strengehagen E. Three years of experience with the Norwegian board of appeals for decision on reimbursement of expenses incurred for medical treatment abroad. [In Norwegian] Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2002; 122: 1560 – 3.
  144. Norheim OF, Paulsen JE. Health policy and the distribution of quality of life. [in Norwegian] Nytt norsk tidsskrift 2001; 4: 419-26.
  145. Norheim OF, Hunskår S. Knowledge must be combined with values for decision making under uncertainty [in Norwegian] Tidsskri Nor Lægeforening 2001;121 (11): 1387-90.
  146. Norheim OF, Ekeberg Ø, Evensen SA, Halvorsen M, Kvernebo K. New guidelines for priority setting in Norway: Are they applicable for the evaluation of new health care services? Health Policy 2001; 56(1): 65-79.
  147. Norheim OF, Bringedal B. How should we prioritise health services? [in Norwegian] In Challenges for health economics in Norway. JE. Askildsen og K. Haug (eds.). Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk 2001.
  148. Norheim OF. Increasing demand for accountability. Is there a professional response? In The global challenge of health care rationing, A. Coulter and C. Ham (eds), Buckingham: Open University Press, 2000.
  149. Norheim OF. Limiting access to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in five European countries. Is there any evidence of implicit rationing? Health Policy 2000; 52: 149-56.
  150. Norheim OF. Living donor renal transplantation: Ethical aspects. Organs & Tissues 2000; 1: 11-14
  151. Klovning A, Norheim OF. Alendronate also for women without established osteoporosis? [in Norwegian] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2000; 120:1347-51.
  152. Schei E, Norheim OF, Rørtveit G, Lysebo DE, Hjørleifsson S. Physician--the one-eye samaritan? [in Norwegian] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2000; 120: 1207-9.
  153. Norheim OF. Healthcare rationing-are additional criteria needed for assessing evidence based clinical practice guidelines? BMJ 1999;319(7222):1426-1429.
  154. Holm S, Liss PE, Norheim OF. Access to health care in the Scandinavian countries. Ethical aspects. Health Care Analysis 1999; 7: 321-30.
  155. Norheim OF, Ekeberg O, Evensen SA, Halvorsen M, Kvernebo K. [How shall we set priorities among experimental treatment methods? [in Norwegian]. Nord Med 1998;113(1):17-8, 23-4.
  156. Norheim OF. The Norwegian welfare state in transition: Rationing and plurality of values as ethical challenges for the health care system. J Med Philos 1995;20(6):639-55.
  157. Hansson LF, Norheim OF, Ruyter KW. Equality, explicitness, severity, and rigidity: the Oregon plan evaluated from a Scandinavian perspective. J Med Philos 1994;19(4):343-66.
  158. Norheim OF. Prioritizing and righteousness--what do we do when we can't do everything? [in Norwegian]. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 1993;113:3358- 3361.
  159. Norheim OF. Guidelines for priority-setting in the Norwegian health care system. In: Szawarski Z, Evans D, editors. Solidarity, justice and health care priorities. Linkøping: Health service studies 8; 1993a. p. 65-76.
  160. Norheim OF, Ekeberg O, Evensen SA, Halvorsen M, Kristensen F. Prioritizing in hospital departments. [in Norwegian]. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 1993;113:3378-381.
  161. Norheim OF. High-cost therapy. Ethical principles of allocation of scarce resources. [in Norwegian] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 1992;112(24):3115-8.

* = Norheim OF, one of several co-authors. 

 

Reports:

  • Norheim OF (Chair), Allgott B, Aschim B, Førde R, Gjul GK, Gundersen T, Kakad M, Kjellevold A, Kvinnsland S, Melberg HO, Moen A, Mæland Ø, Olsen JA, Sjøli S. Open and fair - priorities in the Norwegian healthcare services [National Committee on priority setting – in Norwegian]. Norges Offentlige Utredninger, NOU 14: 12.
  • Lead authors: Ottersen T, Norheim OF (Chair), Bona M Chitah BM, Cookson R, Daniels N, Defaye FB et al. Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage. Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage. Geneva: World Health Organization 2014.  

 

 

Books
  • Eyal, Nir; Hurst, Samia; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Wikler, Dan. 2013. Inequalities in health: concepts, measures, and ethics. Oxford University Press. 368 pages. ISBN: 978-0-19-993139-2.
  • Tylleskär, Thorkild; Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2013. Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing hiv infection. Recommendations for a public health approach. 267 pages. ISBN: 9789241505727.
Reports and theses
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2018. Verdigrunnlag og prioriteringskriterier for folkehelsearbeidet. Notat utarbeidet på oppdrag fra Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet. Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet, Oslo. 20 pages.
  • Ottersen, Trygve; Grépin, Karen; Pinkstaff, Crossley B.; Clift, Charles; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Røttingen, John-Arne. 2016. Health and development: an explicit approach to the design and assessment of country classification frameworks. Final report for the Equitable Access Initiative by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo. 87 pages.
  • Ottersen, Trygve; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Chitah, Bona M; Richard, Cookson; Daniels, Norman; Defaye, Frehiwot Berhane; Eyal, Nir; Flores, Walter; Gosseries, Alex; Hausman, Daniel; Hurst, Samia A.; Kapiriri, Lydia; Ord, Toby; Segall, Shlomi; Sen, Gita; Voorhoeve, Alex; Wikler, Daniel; Yamin, Alicia E. 2014. Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage. Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage. World Health Organization, Geneva. 84 pages.
  • Solberg, Carl Tollef; Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2013. The Badness of Death at Early Age. A philosophical inquiry into the Deprivation Account and the Time-Relative Interest Account on The Badness of Death. Universitetet i Bergen, Bergen. 106 pages.
  • Cappelen, Alexander W.; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Tungodden, Bertil. 2008. Disability compensation and responsibility. Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi, NHH, Bergen. 20 pages.
  • Wisløff, Torbjørn; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Halvorsen, Sigrun; Selmer, Randi; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø. 2008. Kostnader og leveårsgevinster ved medikamentell primærforebygging av hjertekarsykdom. Rapport fra Kunnskapssenteret. 34/2008. Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten, Oslo. 92 pages.
  • Nagel, Anne-Hilde; Strand, Roger; Gullbekk,, Eystein; Hillesøy, Per Gunnar; Lillehaug, Johan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Spjelkavik, Johanne; Smith, Kari; Golmen, Karen; Vevle, Kjetil. 2007. Utdanning i akademisk redelighet - Tiltak for etikk i utdanningene ved Universitetet i Bergen.
  • Robberstad, Bjarne; Hemed, Yusuf; Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2004. Cost-effectiveness of Medical Interventions to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease in a sub-Saharan African Country - the case of Tanzania. Program for Helseøkonomi i Bergen, Bergen. 46 pages.
  • Ekanger, Roald; Hagen, Bjørn; Himmelmann, A; Iversen, Ole-Erik; Iversen, Torbjørn; Lyngstadaas, A; Nordal, R; Onsrud, Mathias; Tretli, Steinar; Tropé, Claes; Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2003. Primær behandling av ovarialcancer. SMM-rapport. 5/2003. Senter for medisinsk metodevurdering, SINTEF Unimed.
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Carlsen, Benedicte. 2003. Legens doble rolle som advokat og portvakt i Fastlegeordningen Evaluering av fastlegeordningen. Rokkansenteret Working Papers. 19. Rokkansenteret, Bergen. 23 pages.
Book sections
  • Eyal, Nir; Hurst, Samia; Marchand, Sarah; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Wikler, Dan. 2013. Introduction: what’s wrong with health inequalities? Introduction, pages 1-10. In:
    • Eyal, Nir; Hurst, Samia; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Wikler, Dan. 2013. Inequalities in health: concepts, measures, and ethics. Oxford University Press. 368 pages. ISBN: 978-0-19-993139-2.
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2013. Atkinson’s index applied to health: can measures of economic inequality help us understand trade-offs in health care priority setting? Chapter 14, pages 214-230. In:
    • Eyal, Nir; Hurst, Samia; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Wikler, Dan. 2013. Inequalities in health: concepts, measures, and ethics. Oxford University Press. 368 pages. ISBN: 978-0-19-993139-2.
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Gloppen, Siri. 2013. La litigación en reclamo de medicamentos. ¿De qué modo es posible evaluar el impacto en los resultados de salud?,. 12, pages 361-391. In:
    • Gloppen, Siri; Yamin, Alicia Ely. 2013. La lucha por los derechos de la salud: ¿puede la justicia ser una herramienta de cambio? Siglo XXI Editores. 488 pages. ISBN: 978-987-629-260-3.
  • Gloppen, Siri; Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2011. Litigating for medicines: how can we assess impact on health outcomes. Chapter 13, pages 304-330. In:
    • Gloppen, Siri; Yamin, Alicia Ely. 2011. Litigating Health Rights: Can Courts Bring More Justice to Health (Harvard Law School Human Rigthts Programme Series). Harvard University Press. 435 pages. ISBN: 978-0-979-63955-5.
  • Sandøy, Ingvild Fossgard; Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2011. Global helse: ulikhet, urettferdighet og sosiale helsedeterminanter. Kapittel 5, pages 77-90. In:
    • Mæland, John Gunnar; Haug, Kjell; Høyer, Georg; Krokstad, Steinar. 2011. Sosialmedisin. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag A/S. 293 pages. ISBN: 9788205399150.
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2005. The role of formal outcome evaluations in health policy making: a normative perspective. Chapter, pages 139-49. In:
    • Ter-Meulen, R; Biller-Andorno, N; Lenk, C; Lie, R. 2005. Evidence-Based Practice in Medicine & Health Care. Springer. 200 pages. ISBN: 3540222391.
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Bringedal, B. 2001. Hvordan bør vi prioritere i helsetjenesten? In:
    • Askildsen, Jan Erik; Haug, Kjell. 2001. Helse, økonomi og politikk: Utfordringer for det norske helsevesenet. Cappelen Damm Akademisk. ISBN: 82-02-21247-2.
  • Norheim, Ole Frithjof. 2000. Increasing demand for accountability. Is there a professional response? In:
    • [Mangler etternavn], [Mangler fornavn]. 2000. The global challenge of health care rationing.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Ole F. Norheim is a physician and Professor of Medical Ethics, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen and Director of Bergen Center for Ethics and Priority Setting (BCEPS) at UiB.

He is also Adjunct Professor of Global Health at the Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health (2015-2020) and Head of the Norwegian Biotechnology Advisory Board (2019-2023). 

Norheim’s wide-ranging research interests include theories of distributive justice, inequality in health, priority setting in health systems, and how to achieve Universal Health Coverage and the Sustainable Development Goal for health. As part of BCEPS, he leads, with Stéphane Verguet, the research project Disease Control Priorities – Ethiopia (2017-2021), funded by BMGF. He also leads Inclusive Public Health Interventions, funded by Research Council Norway.

Norheim chaired the World Health Organization’s Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage (2012-2014) and the third Norwegian National Committee on Priority Setting in Health Care (2013-2014). 

Research groups